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6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal

http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 1/24
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[COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate
Change Conference, Indias Stand,
Outcomes, Limitation

1. Prol ogue
2. Li ke-Mi nded Devel opi ng Countri es
(LMDG)
3. Loss and damage
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DR ROMAN SAINI {
Thanks abhishek, use my
Facebook link to contact
me } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
VINAY { @RISHABH A
bitter truth. } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
DR ROMAN SAINI {
Thanks vinay, you can

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6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 2/24
4. REDD+
5. CA$H
6. Indi a s stand @COP-19 Warsaw
1. We want CBDR
2. We re not i rresponsi bl e
3. Indi a s stand on Agri cul ture vs
cl i mate change
4. Indi a s stand on Ca$h 4 cl i mate
change
5. Indi a s stand on HFC
6. Indi a s stand on Technol ogy
transfer
7. Indi a s stand on Mi sc. i ssues
7. Warsaw outcomes:
8. Li mi tati ons/Cri ti ci sm of Warsaw
Tal ks/COP-19
9. Mock Questi ons
Prologue
Before going to Warsaw, Poland, make sure youve
read earlier articles on:
1. UNFCC and Kyoto protocol cl i ck me
2. Doha COP18/UNFCCcl i ck me
During Nov 2013, Warsaw, Poland hosted:
COP19
19th Conference of the Parties (COP19) to
the United Nations Framework Convention
on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
contact me through
Facebook link, if you need
any help } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
{

| |

... } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
RISHABH { As you too
know that nobody is
interested in DESH SEWA,
everybody want money,
power and social
status........".............hahhah
a } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
ABHISHEK { All those
people who are hard
pressed on topper please
stop doing this! mrunal sir
works hard and tries to get
all these interviews to... }
[Topper's Intervi ew] Dr.
Roman Sai ni (CSE-
2013/AIR-18): Fi rst...
RISHI K { SIR,PLEASE
TELL ME THAT IF YOU
WROTE YOUR FNIAL YEAR
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 3/24
CMP9
9th Conference of the Parties serving as
the meeting of the Parties to Kyoto
Protocol (CMP9)
click me to enlarge image
Following timeline should help you see the bigger
picture:
Like-Minded Developing
Countries (LMDG)
Oil rich:Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Bolivia and
Malaysia
Coal rich: China and India
Chillar party.:Cuba, Nicaragua, Ecuador and
Thailand.
Ok, What does this gang want?
They want strict separation between
developed and developing countries
responsibility in climate change
EXAM BEFORE MAINS?
ALSO PLEASE CARE TO
SHARE HOW DID YOU GO
TO AIIMS AT THE... }
[Topper's Intervi ew] Dr.
Roman Sai ni (CSE-
2013/AIR-18): Fi rst...
VINAY { @Dr Roman --
Once i read somewhere , "
People wont believe until
you do this." but now it
seems like, " Even if you... }
[Topper's Intervi ew]
Dr. Roman Sai ni (CSE-
2013/AIR-18): Fi rst...
ISHAN { It was really
great to see some straight
answers from you during
the interview , to others
that's not arrogance that's
conviction , Roman i... }
[Topper's Intervi ew] Dr.
Roman Sai ni (CSE-
2013/AIR-18): Fi rst...
VINAY { @MAHI.. 154 is
not bad at all.. its just
above average kind of
marking.. } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
ABHISHEK { congrats
doctor IAS! your interview
is most motivating to me!
You proved a clever
strategy is all needed to
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 4/24
@Devel oped countri es: You were the first
nations to industrialize. Youre the one that
cause this global warming. So, youre obliged
to cut emission. Our emissions are different
from yours, for ours are produced in the
process of industrialization while you are
already in the post-industrialization era. In
short youre the main villain.
@Devel opi ng countri es: weve responsibility
to combat climate change. but we want no
legally binding obligation to cut our emission.
The developed nations (you) must not
prescribe/preach us about climate change.
Well set our commitment voluntarily.
LMDG wants new climate change agreement to
be on above theme.
Obviously developed (rich) countries are
against this LMDG group. Rich nations argue
China and India are growing so fast that by
2020 your LMDG gangs greenhouse gas
emission will be lot higher than us! You cant
keep holding us responsible forever!
Loss and damage
One of the contentious issues in the
COP19/Warsaw talks.
Extreme events because of climate change=
typhoons, floods, drought etc.
Loss
Permanent. e.g. loss include loss of life,
culture, livelihood, ecosystems, or territory.
Can be economic or non-economic (e.g loss
clear civil services along
with hard... } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
VINAY { @Dr Roman -
your article is very
inspiring. Now i see what i
missed when i had that
chance. } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
ASPIRANT { ok :) }
[Topper's Intervi ew] Dr.
Roman Sai ni (CSE-
2013/AIR-18): Fi rst...
DR ROMAN SAINI {
Finally someone gets the
point..... Thanks }
[Topper's Intervi ew] Dr.
Roman Sai ni (CSE-
2013/AIR-18): Fi rst...
NARSIMHA {
congratulations Dr.Roman
All the best Hope you will
make the difference
through this service....
Thank you } [Topper's
Intervi ew] Dr. Roman
Sai ni (CSE-2013/AIR-
18): Fi rst...
BRAVO { AIR 18----
marks = 884 = Dr.Roman
AIR 117 -- marks = 838 =
gaurav so within a gap of
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 5/24
of entire culture/tribal religion in a low lying
island)
Damage
Repairable. e.g. deforestation and
temperature rise.
In short- the Poor countries want ca$h from
rich countries because rich countries caused
climate change and poor countries suffering
extreme weather/disasters because of them.
Demand grew because thousands died in
Philippines by Typhoon Haiyan just as the COP-
19 started.
But Developed countries donot want to admit any
legal liability after all, China and India are also
rich (GDP wise), and emitting more greenhouse
gas than many of the developed countries.
REDD+
REDD+: Reducing Emissions from
Deforestation and Degradation PLUS.
Under REDD+: ca$h comes from developed
countries =>green climate fund=>developing
countries=>national agencies.
It is a result based understanding/framework.
Meaning, Developing country will have to prove
the result they have fought deforestation
without harming local communities or
biological diversity. Only then, theyll get the
ca$h.
REDD+ negotiations have been ongoing since
2005, finally @Warsaw talks 2013, the
46 marks there are 99... }
[Topper's Intervi ew] Dr.
Roman Sai ni (CSE-
2013/AIR-18): Fi rst...
7
Mega Vac anc i es

!
UPSC
30-Jun: Civil Services
IAS/IPS(1291)
30-Jun: Forest Service
IFoS(85)
Bank i ng Sec t or
09-Jul : I BPS RRB 2014
26-Jun: Himachal Gramin
(Sep13 scorecard)
25-Jun: Mahila Bank PO
(need I BPS-3 score)
23-Jun: RBI Grade "B"
Officer(117)
20-Jun: Purvanchal Bank RRB-
2013 score
St ar t Ser v i c e
30-Jun: GPSC Class1-2(350+)
SSC Nor t her n
20-Jun: Various Technical
(80+)B.Com,B.Sc,Engg.Diploma
20-Jun: Field Officer(49) M.Sc
Agro/Soil
20-Jun: Sub-Insp.
Fingerprint(39) B.Sc
Biology,Microbio etc.ELIGIBLE!
20-Jun: Chemist(23) need
M.Sc
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 6/24
participating nations agreed for REDD+
mechanism.
UK, Norway and USA have already allocated
$US280 million to a World Bank-led fund
operating REDD projects.
REDD vs REDD+
REDD REDD+
Only UN
UNs REDD PLUS following
1. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility:
which is is a global partnership of
governments, businesses, civil
society, and Indigenous Peoples.
2. World banks Forest Investment
Program (FIP)
Just
deforestation
Deforestation PLUS following
sustainable management of forests
Increasing forest carbon stocks
Forest conservation
CA$H
In all climate change talks- everything boils
down to one thing: ca$H.
Earlier developed countries had promised to
give $100 billion dollar fund for developing
countries by the end of 2020.
But developed countries did not elaborate how
theyll come up with so much cash.
20-Jun: Archeology(19) MA
History,Sankrit,Tamil,Telugu
etc.ELIGIBLE!
Comm/ HR/ CA/ MBA
30-Aug: Accountant NIFFT
Ranchi
11-Jul : HR officers,NBBC
30-Jun: HUDA accountants,
Asst.Accountants
28-Jun: NPCI Managers
25-Jun: Account Officer, UP
27-Jun: ONGC account s
21-Jun: Karnat aka
Account s/admin
21-Jun: OIC Secretary
I T/ Comput er
30-Aug: IITD Delhi system
admin(3)
15-Jul : System Op.Raebareli
10-Jul : Karnat aka PC
operat ors
08-Jul : Ludhiana PC
operat or
06-Jul : I T engg. in CRI S
(need GATE2014)
30-Jun: Mumbai I T
30-Jun: Data Entry
Op.Arunachal
28-Jun: RailTel I T jobs
20-Jun: SSC Data
Processing(9)
Engi neer s
11-Jul : Powergrid Sr.Engg
11-Jul : NBBC Engineers
03-Jul : AFCAT Airforce
01-Jul : WAPCOS Engg.
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 7/24
Poor countries wanted some cash in the
meantime (2013-19): but this demand was
rejected in Warsaw talk.
anyways, enough of the issues, lets check Indias
stand:
India s stand @COP-19 Warsaw
We want CBDR
As usual, India called for CBDR: Common but
Differentiated Responsibility.
We accept that UNFCCC Convention and the
Kyoto Protocol are also applicable to all.
but this Universality does not mean uniformity.
Were against any legally binding
commitments.
Developing countries should be provided the
flexibility to choose their actions.
Rich nations should not to treat global
warming issues with a business perspective of
providing markets to their MNCs.
We re not i rresponsi bl e
India reiterated @Warsaw that were not as
irresponsible / evasive as rich nations portray us.
Consider some of the steps weve taken to combat
climate change:
Weve already made National Action
Plan on Climate Change.
(GATE2014)
30-Jun: CPRI Engg. Banglore
30-Jun: NALCO GATE 2014
23-Jun: Delhi Muni (Civil,
Elec)
Pol i c e/ Def enc e/ I nt el .
CDS-noti fn.@ 19Jul
06-Jul : Doct ors in BSF
07-Jul : BSF ASI/H.Constables
03-Jul : AFCAT Airforce
30-Jun: DySP Gujarat(21)
30-Jun: Army(10+2) Technical
25-Jun: Uttrakhand Sub-inps.
(296)
25-Jun: Uttrakhand Platoon
Commanders(43)
23-Jun: NAVY 10+2 Officer
20-Jun: I ndian Navy Sailor
20-Jun: ACIO Foreign
Language
Spec i al i s t
Medi c al / Al l i ed
07-Jul : Haryana Doct ors
06-Jul : Doct ors in BSF
03-Jul : Doct ors in various
cent ral org.
30-Jun: Delhi Doct ors
30-Jun: Medical Officer
Chandigarh(10)
30-Jun: AIIMS Jodhpur
L egal
07-Jul : Haryana At t orney
20-Jun: SSC NR Legal(6)-need
workXP
Sc i enc e/ Agr i . Gr ads .
30-Aug: Lab Attendent NIFFT
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 8/24
NAPCC
Under this NAPCC, we have launched
eight missions in areas of energy
efficiency, solar energy, sustainable
habitat, water, forestry, sustaining
the Himalayan ecosystem,
agriculture and strategic knowledge
for climate change.
Our states have also formed their
plans and missions.
SOLAR
We have set a target of generating
20,000 MW of solar power by2020Already
achieved about 1200 mw presently.
ENERGY
EFFICIENCY
We have also introduced an
innovative trading
mechanism(Namely PAT Perform,
Achieve and Trade)for energy
efficiency.
(more given in one of my economic
survey articles)
COAL CESS
A National Clean energy Fund (NCEF)
ca$h comes from cess on coal of (Rs.
50 per tonne)
this ca$h is used for financing
renewable energy and environment
friendly projects.
1. Weve made voluntary commitment that well
reduce emissions intensity of our GDP by 20 to
25% by 2020 (compared with 2005 level.)
Ranchi
25-Jul : Himachal
Tech.Assist ant s
14-Jul : IHBT Himachal
10-Jul : Karnat aka lab
assist ant
10-Jul : Karnat aka
Hort i.Field Asst .
10-Jul : Scient ist MP
05-Jul : DRDO scientists
05-Jul : SAIL technician
03-Jul : NIFTEM technician
04-Jul : Scient ist Tamilnadu
003Jul : Dehradun
Scient ist /Asst .
04-Jul : Assist ant s
Tamilnadu
30-Jun: Rajast han Agro
officers
27-Jun: ONGC Assist ant s
20-Jun: BEL Pune Operators
20-Jun: SSC NR Field
Officer(49) Need M.Sc Agro/Soil
20-Jun: SSC NR Chemist(23)
Need M.Sc
20-Jun: SSC NR Various
Spec . Ot her s
07-Jul : Haryana Town
planner
30-Jun: Loksabha Interpreter
24-Jun: SSC Steno
20-Jun: SSC NR Investigator
(MA Socio/Anthro)
20-Jun: Supreme Court PA
Mi s c . Des k j obs
30-Aug: clerks NIFFT Ranchi
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 9/24
2. We have also committed that our per capita
emissions will not exceed those of the
developed countries in future also.
3. Were large country with a very small carbon
footprint. our per capita emission is only 1.7
tonnes per annum, despite our heavy
dependence oil import, were committed to
follow the path of sustainable development.
Indi a s stand on Agri cul ture vs cl i mate
change
India is against any mitigation mechanism to
reduce emission from agriculture.
for example, if UNFCC gangmember comes up
with some idea that all nations should stop
paying urea subsidies or cheap electricity to
their farmers or stop paying grants to slaughter
houses etc=>
then India will oppose such mitigation
mechanism for agriculture
Because Majority of Indian junta depends on
agriculture- poverty, food security angles (and
ofcourse vote bank)
So, Instead of mitigation, India advocates
adaptation mechanisms to reduce emission
from agriculture e.g. organic farming,
watershed, sustainable development etc. but
that too without any legally binding
commitments or targets.
Same stand by China and some African
countries.
31-Jul : NGT
Secret ary,St eno,Translat ors
15-Jul : Raebareli Deskjobs
30-Jun: Delhi Teachers
27-Jun: ONGC
St eno/Typist
24-Jun: Haryana Court
Clerks(68)
21-Jun: Delhi TGT
21-Jun: Delhi Primary
School
20-Jun: SSC NR Various-
Primary teacher, translator,
Library etc
L ec t ur e/ Pr of .
27-Jun: CIT Assam
20-Jun: NIFTEM Professors
War ni ng
DONOT wai t ti l l l ast
date. Onl i ne Form Part1
stops worki ng 2-3 days
b4 deadl i ne.
DONOT forget/mi spl ace
regi strati on/rol l
number/hal l ti cket after
exam i s over.
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 10/24
Indi a s stand on Ca$h 4 cl i mate
change
India maintained that:
1. Simply creating the institutional arrangements
like Green Climate Fund does not help because
they dont have much ca$h.
2. COP-19 conference needs to comeup with a
clear roadmap on provision of finance for
2013-15, 2015-2017 and then up to 2020.
3. Public finance should be the primary source of
fund for climate finance. (US wants majority of
ca$h should come from private companies,
MNCs etc.)
Indi a s stand on HFC
Montreal Protocol (1987)= to phase out ozone
depleting substances chlorofluorocarbons
(CFCs) , hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) etc.
They were used as refrigerants, aerosol
propellants, solvents, AC in building and
vehicles, and fire retardants.
everyone including India banned those ozone
depleting substances.
but then refrigeration/AC industries shifted to
using Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) because
HFCs are cheap
HFCs are technically not an ozone depleting
substance. Hence not covered under
Montreal protocol
However theyre still potent greenhouse gases,
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 11/24
with a warming effect much higher than carbon
dioxide.
USA India
wants HFC
matter to be
covered
under
Montreal
protocol
that way
everyone,
including
India-China
will have to
ban HFCs.
wants HFC matter be kept under
UNFCCC+Kyoto- then itll be
mandatory only for the
developed (rich) countries to
phase out HFC gases.
And India/China wont have
legally binding
responsibility=>their local
industry will be saved.
India reiterated this HFC stand during COP-19
Warsaw talks.
Indi a s stand on Technol ogy transfer
UNFCC wants developed countries to give
(secret james bond) technology to developing
countries so they can combat climate change.
But America is now reluctant. Instead of giving
technology- USA wants to just promote
investment in third world.
In that respect, Indian wanted that Green
Climate fund (GCF) should give special funding
to transfer IPR protected technology from rich
to developing countries.
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 12/24
Because without ca$h and technology transfer,
developing countries cannot carry out
Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
NAMAs.
Indi a s stand on Mi sc. i ssues
we support the demand of poor countries for
Loss and damage
Were dismayed to see some rich countries
(Japan, Canada and Australia) have rolled back
from their earlier commitments about reducing
Greenhouse gas emission.
Warsaw outcomes:
List not exhaustive
2015 Deal
In December 2015, well hold a
summit in Paris to outline what to
do after 2020 (i.e. when Kyoto
mechanism expires)
but before this Paris summit,
all countries must announce their
plans before end of 1
st
quarter of
2015
about how theyll curb greenhouse
gas (GHG) emission beyond 2020
such national plans will be called
intended nationally determined
contributions. (Observe it doesnt
contain the word commitment-
because India-China opposed that
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 13/24
term)
Loss And
Damage
agreement called the Warsaw
international mechanism for loss
and damage (IMLD).
As per this agreement, disaster
victims in developing country will
receive aid from the developed
countries. BUT it will not be linked
with any liability /commitment.
will also provide expertise and aid,
to help developing nations cope
with extreme events related to
climate change.
2016: well review the exact form of
this mechanism.
Cash
Merely urged developed nations to set
increasing levels of aid to poor
countries. but didnt set any targets for
2013-19.
CDM
@countries that donot have legally
binding emission targets.well
encourage them to use carbon credits
under CLEAN DEVELOPMENT
MECHANISM (CDM)In 2014, well hold a
special technical meeting to iron out
the details.
deforestation
adopted REDD+ to combat
deforestation.
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 14/24
Limitations/Criticism of Warsaw
Talks/COP-19
1. They contemplated over the post-2020 scenario
but did not outline any near term actions
(2013-19) to combat climate change.
2. No mechanism on how $100 billion will come
in 2020
3. No special funding to poor countries for 2013-
19 period.
4. Its all a useless exercise as long as the worlds
prominent emitters India and China receive
special treatment. Both act as a firewall
between rich and poor countries, refuse any
legally binding commitments.
5. More than 800 NGOs staged a walkout from
the Warsaw talks because developed countries
are making no firm commitments to combat
climate change, and the corporate
interests/lobbying are taking over the
environmental interest.
6. Japans Gaddari to UNFCC:
Earlier Japan had promised well cut our
emission by 25% (from 1990 levels)
But during this summit, Japan announced,
not possible!, well infact increase our
emission by ~3% compared to 1990 level
Similarly, Canada and Australia also scaled
down their targets.
7. S.Africas Gaddari to BASIC:
Earlier S.Africa followed BASIC stand = We
dont want legally binding commitments to
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 15/24
reduce Greenhouse gas emission
But recently S.Africa wrote an official letter
to UNFCC that new climate change treaty
should impose legally binding
commitments.
8. Russias anger
that UNFCCs conferences are failing to be
impartial- Not taking decisions based on
consensus.
Instead a few vocal members tend to
overshadow the proceedings.
9. Indias dissatisfaction that
Rich nations are treating global warming
issues with a business perspective of
providing markets to domestic companies.
How rich nations including Japan,
Canada and Australia to scale down
ambition and lowering of targets of
emissions.
How Green Climate fund is useless without
any coffers.
10. Mere Lip service to issues related to black
carbon, agricultural methane, energy efficient
buildings-equipment etc.
Mock Questions
Q1. Consi der fol l owi ng statements about
Hydrofl uorocarbons (HFCs)
1. HFCs are used as refrigerants, aerosol
propellants, solvents, AC in buildings and
vehicles.
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 16/24
2. HFCs are ozone depleting substances.
3. HFCs are greenhouse gases
4. Use of HFCs is banned under Montreal protocol
The Correct statements are:
1. only 1 and 2
2. only 1 and 3
3. only 1, 2 and 4
4. all of them
Q2. Consi der fol l owi ng statements about
COP-19 under UNFCC
1. This conference was held in Warsaw, Norway.
2. During this conference, India opposed the loss
and damage principle.
3. led to conclusion of REDD+ agreement.
4. Mandated all member countries to announce
national plans before the end of 2013 to
combat global warming.
The incorrect statements are:
1. only 1 and 2
2. only 3 and 4
3. only 1, 2 and 4
4. all of them
Mai ns
5 marks
1. COP-19 UNFCC
2. Warsaw international mechanism for loss
and damage (IMLD).
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 17/24
3. Like-Minded Developing Countries (LMDG)
4. REDD+
12 marks
1. Briefly outline the initiatives taken by India
to combat climate change in recent years.
2. Contrary to the perception among
developed countries, India is seriously
committed to combating global warming
and climate change. Elaborate.
3. At COP-19 summit in Warsaw, India has
succeeded in safeguarding its interests. Do
you agree? Justify your stand.
4. What are Hydro fluorocarbons (HFCs)? What
is Indias stand on the usage of HFCs?

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6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
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Chanakya
25/11/2013 at 13:08
Reply
awesome !! i left reading newspaper since 5th so
was waiting for this before mains :)
rajesh
25/11/2013 at 14:20
Reply
Chillar party:Cuba, Nicaragua, Ecuador and
Thailand LOL :)
H.s
25/11/2013 at 14:20
Reply
warsaw*
Chacha Chaudhary
25/11/2013 at 14:33
Reply
Sir plz upload hindu S&T sep-nov compilation
article.
Mains sar par hai plzzzz ham garibo ka khyal
kariye.
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 20/24
Praful
25/11/2013 at 17:24
Reply
Q1. B
Q2. C
sushma
25/11/2013 at 17:32
Reply
thank you plz provide model q.papers 4 civils
mains 2013
alok
25/11/2013 at 19:31
Reply
amazing..well explained
Tahir Ahmed Majid
25/11/2013 at 21:46
Reply
Odes to you sir. May Almighty Allah bless you a
long life. Ameen.
Bhavna Tanwar
25/11/2013 at 22:24
Reply
Thank you very much sir..
Amit
25/11/2013 at 23:18
Reply
Q1.Ans is B..
Dc
25/11/2013 at 23:23
Reply
Thanks for this wonderful article.
Ans-
1-B
2-C
GAYUR HASAN
26/11/2013 at 03:01
Reply
superb article,, thanks mrunal
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 21/24
GAYUR HASAN
26/11/2013 at 03:04
Reply
finally i understood this climate conundrum..
thanks sir,thanks a lot
AJIT NANDAN
26/11/2013 at 14:12
Reply
thanx Mrunals sir.cop-19 article is very much
fruitfulspecially thanx 4 graphical
represantation.its awesome.hope all this will
cotinue forever.
thank u
suresh
26/11/2013 at 14:51
Reply
thanks alot.
suresh
26/11/2013 at 14:52
Reply
Thanks for all.
Manish Kumar
26/11/2013 at 14:53
Reply
Very good artical with clear picture in lay man
language.
Answer.
1 D
2 A
J A
26/11/2013 at 20:17
Reply
b
c
Rachana
26/11/2013 at 21:43
Wonderful article sir.Thank you for explaining
such a crucial current affairs topic in a clear,lucid
language.
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 22/24
Reply
mangal
27/11/2013 at 03:21
Reply
thanks brother
anks
30/11/2013 at 16:01
Reply
hey isnt something wrong in lmdg
arvind
13/12/2013 at 13:19
Reply
thanksnow understood.. see the real war at
Warsaw..
J A
22/01/2014 at 18:00
Reply
1-b
2-c
shiva kant
16/02/2014 at 00:37
Reply
Complete in every respect.
Thx..a lot.
Roopa
17/02/2014 at 20:40
Reply
Good amount of information !!!!Thanks a lot.
Bin2
24/03/2014 at 20:08
Reply
Thanks a lot sir
RIT
28/03/2014 at 09:35
Reply
superb and excellent message
dr.dadasaheb dhage
13/04/2014 at 12:43
Q.1)B,Q.2)C.VALUABLE BRIEFING.THANKS A
6/21/2014 [COP-19/UNFCC] Warsaw Climate Change Conference, India' s Stand, Outcomes, Limitation - Mrunal
http://mrunal.org/2013/11/cop-19unfcc-warsaw-climate-change-conference-indias-stand-outcomes-limitation.html 23/24
Reply
LOT SIR.
shireen
23/05/2014 at 17:17
Reply
gddd
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