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Linear Law

LINEAR LAW
1. Applying Linear Law to Non Linear Relation. Reduce each of the following
equations to the form of C mX Y + =
Non linear
equation
Linear
equation
Y X m C
Eample !
x
x
xy "
#
+ =
$tep 1
%i&ide 'oth
side 'y
x
x
x x
xy " #
"
+ =
" (
1
) #
"
+ =
x
y
$tep "
*dentify
y
"
1
x
#
"
1. y x x y
" " "
+ " + =
". x x y + #
"
+ =
#. qx px y x =
# "
1
Linear Law
Non,Linear Equation Linear equation
x
ab y = $tep 1
-a.e log
1/
on 'oth sides.
Log
1/
y 0 log
1/
)a'

(
$tep "
log
1/
y 0 log
1/
' 1 log
1/
a
$tep #
*dentify
Y 0 m X 1 C
Y 0 log
1/
y
m 0log
1/ '
X 0 log
1/
a
c 0 log
1/
a
log
1/
y 0 log
1/
a 1 log
1/
a

1.
n
x y # =
".
" +
=
x
pq y
#.
b
ax y
"
=
*n each of the following 2 the &aria'le and y are related 'y the equation gi&en. -he
diagram shows part of the straight line when the equation is reduce to linear form .
"
Linear Law
Eample !
-he graph shows
"
x
y
against
x
. *t is .nown that
x
and
y
are related 'y
# "
3 + x x y =
. 4ind the &alue of
p
and
q
.
# "
3 + x x y =
$tep 1 5
%i&ide 'oth sides 'y
"
x
"
#
"
"
"
3 +
x
x
x
x
x
y
=
x
x
y
3 +
"
=
$tep "
*ndentify
"
x
y 0 ,3 1 C
Y 0 m X 1 C
$tep #
4rom the graph
At ) ,12 p(2 p 0 , 3),1( 1 +
6 0 7
At )q2 "(2 " 0 , 3 )q( 1 +
, 3q 0 ,#
.q 0
3
#
#

),12 p(
)q2"(
"
x
y
x
Linear Law
-he diagram shows part of the graph
x
y
against
"
x . 8i&en that x x y 3 "
#
= 2 find the
&alues of
p
and
q
.
3
"
x
x
y
( " 2 )q
( 2 9 ) p
Linear Law
:uestions
4ind the &alue of p and q gi&en the lines of 'est fit as 'elow.
$tep 1
-a.e
y
1/
log
(
1//
) log log
#
1/ 1/
x
y =
1// log log # log
1/ 1/ 1/
= x y
$tep "
*dentify
y
1/
log 0 #

x
1/
log ,
1// log
1/
Y 0 m X 1 C
$tep #
4rom the graph
At
( 2 3 ) p
2
1/ " ( 3 ) # = = p
At
(2 # 2 ) q " ( ) # = q

#
1
= q
+
1//
#
x
y =
y
1/
log
x
1/
log
( 2 3 ) p
( # 2 ) q

Linear Law
4ind the &alue of h and .
9
y
1/
log
x
1/
log
( 2 " ) h
( # 2 / )
3
kx y =
Linear Law
4ind the &alues of constant a and '.
b
ax y
"
=
$tepp 1
-a.e
1/
log
( ) log log
"
1/ 1/
b
ax y =
x b a y
1/ 1/ 1/
log " log log + =
$tep "
*dentify
y
1/
log 0 b "

x
1/
log

a
1/
log
Y 0 m X 1 C
4rom the graph!
/ 3
" 1/

= m " = c
3
;
" = b " log
1/
= a
1 = b
1//
1/
"
=
=
a
a
<
y
1/
log
x
x
log
( 1/ 2 3 )
( " 2 / )
"
y
)/2"(
( + 2 9 )
x
bx ax y + =
#
"
Linear Law
$tep 1
%i&ide 'y and "
x
bx
x
ax
ax
y
" "
"
#
+ =
$tep "
*dentify 2
x
y 0
a

"
"
x

"
b
Y 0 m X 1 C
$tep
4rom the graph
/ 9
" +

= m
"
1
"
=
a
1 = a
ercept y int
"
"
=
b
3 = b
;
x
y

( " 2 3 )
( 1/ 2 / )
Linear Law
4ind the &alue of constant a and '.
7
Linear Law
1/
Linear Law
11
Linear Law
1"
Linear Law
1#