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Access Data in a Table

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Ways to Index into a Table
Create Table from Subset of Larger Table
Create Array from the Contents of Table
Ways to Index into a Table
A table is a container for storing column-oriented variables that have the same number of rows. Parentheses allow you to select a subset of the data in a table
and preserve the table container. Curly braces and dot indexing allow you to extract data from a table.
If you use curly braces, the resulting array is the horizontal concatenation of the specified table variables containing only the specified rows. The data types of
all the specified variables must be compatible for concatenation. You can then perform calculations using MATLAB

functions.
Dot indexing extracts data from one table variable. The result is an array of the same data type as extracted variable. You can follow the dot indexing with
parentheses to specify a subset of rows to extract from a variable.
Summary of Table Indexing Methods
Consider a table, T.
Type of Indexing Result Syntax rows vars/var
Parentheses table T(rows,vars) One or more rows One or more variables
Curly Braces extracted data T{rows,vars} One or more rows One or more variables
Dot Indexing extracted data T.var
T.(varindex)
All rows One variable
Dot Indexing extracted data T.var(rows) One or more rows One variable
How to Specify Rows to Access
When indexing into a table with parentheses, curly braces, or dot indexing, you can specify rows as a colon, numeric indices, or logical expressions.
Furthermore, you can index by name using a single row name or a cell array of row names.
A logical expression can contain curly braces or dot indexing to extract data from which you can define the subset of rows. For example, rows = T.Var2>0
returns a logical array with logical true (1) for rows where the value in the variable Var2 is greater than zero.
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How to Specify Variables to Access
When indexing into a table with parentheses or curly braces, you can specify vars as a colon, numeric indices, logical expressions, a single variable name, or
a cell array of row names.
When using dot indexing, you must specify a single variable to access. For a single variable name, use T.var. For a single variable index, specified as a
positive integer, use T.(varindex).
Create Table from Subset of Larger Table
This example shows how to create a table from a subset of a larger table.
Load Sample Data
Index Using Numeric Indices
Index Using Names
Index Using a Logical Expression
Load Sample Data
Load the sample patients data and create a table. Use the unique identifiers in LastName as row names.
load patients
patients = table(Age,Gender,Height,Weight,Smoker,...
'RowNames',LastName);
The table, patients, contains 100 rows and 5 variables.
View the data type, description, units, and other descriptive statistics for each variable by using summary to summarize the table.
summary(patients)
Variables:
Age: 100x1 double
Values:
min 25
median 39
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max 50
Gender: 100x1 cell string
Height: 100x1 double
Values:
min 60
median 67
max 72
Weight: 100x1 double
Values:
min 111
median 142.5
max 202
Smoker: 100x1 logical
Values:
true 34
false 66
Index Using Numeric Indices
Create a subtable containing the first five rows and all the variables from the table, patients. Use numeric indexing within the parentheses to specify the
desired rows and variables. This is similar to indexing with numeric arrays.
T1 = patients(1:5,:)
T1 =
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Age Gender Height Weight Smoker
___ ________ ______ ______ ______
Smith 38 'Male' 71 176 true
Johnson 43 'Male' 69 163 false
Williams 38 'Female' 64 131 false
Jones 40 'Female' 67 133 false
Brown 49 'Female' 64 119 false
T1 is a 5-by-5 table. In addition to numeric indices, you can use row or variable names inside the parentheses. In this case, using row indices and a colon is
more compact than using row or variable names.
Index Using Names
Select all the data for the patients with the last names 'Adams' and 'Brown'. In this case, it is simpler to use the row names than to use the numeric index.
T2 = patients({'Adams','Brown'},:)
T2 =
Age Gender Height Weight Smoker
___ ________ ______ ______ ______
Adams 48 'Female' 66 137 false
Brown 49 'Female' 64 119 false
T2 is a 2-by-5 table.
Index Using a Logical Expression
Create a new table, T3, containing the gender, height, and weight of the patients under the age of 30. Select only the rows where the value in the variable,
Age, is less than 30.
Use dot notation to extract data from a table variable and a logical expression to define the subset of rows based on that extracted data.
rows = patients.Age<30;
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vars = {'Gender','Height','Weight'};
rows is a 100-by-1 logical array containing logical true (1) for rows where the value in the variable, Age, is less than 30.
Use parentheses to return a table containing the desired subset of the data.
T3 = patients(rows,vars)
T3 =
Gender Height Weight
________ ______ ______
Moore 'Male' 68 183
Jackson 'Male' 71 174
Garcia 'Female' 69 131
Walker 'Female' 65 123
Hall 'Male' 70 189
Young 'Female' 63 114
Hill 'Female' 64 138
Rivera 'Female' 63 130
Cooper 'Female' 65 127
Cox 'Female' 66 111
Howard 'Female' 68 134
James 'Male' 66 186
Jenkins 'Male' 69 189
Perry 'Female' 64 120
Alexander 'Male' 69 171
T3 is a 15-by-3 table.
Create Array from the Contents of Table
This example shows how to extract the contents of a table using curly braces or dot indexing.
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Load Sample Data
Extract Multiple Rows and Multiple Variables
Extract Data from One Variable
Load Sample Data
Load the sample patients data and create a table. Use the unique identifiers in LastName as row names.
load patients
patients = table(Age,Gender,Height,Weight,Smoker,...
'RowNames',LastName);
The table, patients, contains 100 rows and 5 variables.
Extract Multiple Rows and Multiple Variables
Extract data from multiple variables in the table, patients by using curly braces. Since dot indexing extracts data from a single variable at a time, braces are
more convenient when you want to extract more than one variable.
Extract the height and weight for the first five patients. Use numeric indices to select the subset of rows, 1:5, and variable names to select the subset of
variables, {Height,Weight}.
A = patients{1:5,{'Height','Weight'}}
A =
71 176
69 163
64 131
67 133
64 119
A is a 5-by-2 numeric array.
Extract Data from One Variable
Use dot indexing to easily extract the contents of a single variable. Plot a histogram of the numeric data in the variable, Weight.
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figure()
hist(patients.Weight)
title(' Patient Weight')
patients.Weight is a double-precision column vector with 100 rows. Alternatively, you can use curly braces, patients{:,'Weight'}, to extract all the
rows for the variable Weight.
To specify a subset of rows for a single variable, you can follow the dot indexing with parentheses or curly braces. Extract the heights of the nonsmoker
patients under the age of 30.
Use dot notation to extract data from table variables and a logical expression to define the subset of rows based on that extracted data.
rows = patients.Smoker==false & patients.Age<30;
Use dot notation to extract the desired rows from the variable, Height.
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patients.Height(rows)
ans =
68
71
70
63
64
63
65
66
68
66
64
The output is a 11-by-1 numeric array. Alternatively, you can specify the single variable, Height, within curly braces to extract the desired data,
patients{rows,'Height'}.
See Also
summary | table | Table Properties
Related Examples
Create a Table
Modify Units, Descriptions and Table Variable Names
Calculations on Tables
More About
Advantages of Using Tables
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