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Vacation Training ELEC 1200

Working with NI Instruments Multisim





Page 1 of 5 Prepared by Y K Ramgolam
Introduction

The electronic system design process is a very long and arduous process which goes through
several phases. Each phase has an equal importance to come up with an efficient system. Some
of the major phases in the design process have been mentioned below:
a) Requirement analysis
b) Functional design
c) Logic design
d) Simulation
e) Physical design
f) Implementation
g) Testing

The simulation part is one of the most important steps as it helps the engineer understand the
operation of the system prior to implementation. For the latter computers can be powerful tools if
used properly, especially in the realms of science and engineering. Software exists for the
simulation of electric circuits, and these programs can be very useful in helping circuit designers
test ideas before actually building real circuits, saving much time and money. During the training
you will be introduced to National Instruments Multisim software used to simulate electronic
circuits.

It can be a fantastic aid to the beginning student of electronics, allowing the exploration of ideas
quickly and easily with no assembly of real circuits required. Of course, there is no substitute for
actually building and testing real circuits, but computer simulations certainly assist in the
learning process by allowing the student to experiment with changes and see the effects they
have on circuits.

Opening and Saving the File

To launch Multisim:
1. Select Start >All Programs >National Instruments >Circuit Design Suite 10.0 >
Multisim. A blank file opens on the workspace called "Circuit1".

To save the file with a new name:
1. Select File/Save As to display a standard Windows Save dialog.
2. Navigate to the location where you wish the file to reside, enter Get t i ngSt ar t ed as
the filename, and click the Save button. To guard against accidental loss of data, set up a
timed auto-backup of the file in the Save tab of the Preferences dialog box.

To open an existing file:
1. Select File/Open, navigate to the location where the file resides, highlight the file, and
click on the Open button. To view files from earlier versions of Multisim, select the
desired version in the Files of Type drop-down in the Open dialog.
Vacation Training ELEC 1200
Working with NI Instruments Multisim



Page 2 of 5 Prepared by Y K Ramgolam

Placing the Components

To start placing components:
1. Select Place/Component to display the Select a Component browser.
2. Choose the required Group and Family and the Component.

3. Click Ok to Place the component and Close complete session.


Wiring the Circuit

All components have pins that you use to wire them to other components or instruments. As soon
as your cursor is over a pin, Multisim knows you want to wire and the pointer changes to a
crosshair. You can wire the circuit that you placed on the workspace.

To wire the circuit:
1. Click on a pin on a component to start the connection (your pointer turns into a crosshair)
and move the mouse. A wire appears, attached to your cursor.
2. Click on a pin on the second component to finish the connection. Multisim automatically
places the wire, which conveniently snaps to an appropriate configuration. This feature
saves a great deal of time when wiring large circuits.
3. You can also control the flow of the wire by clicking on points as you move the mouse.
Each click "fixes" the wire to that point.

Vacation Training ELEC 1200
Working with NI Instruments Multisim



Page 3 of 5 Prepared by Y K Ramgolam
Exercise 1 BJT Amplifier

During this exercise you are required to design the voltage divider configuration, as shown in the
figure below, using the BJT transistor in Multisim.

Figure 2: Voltage divider bias of BJT

The values of the passive components are as follows:
Component Nominal Value
R1 40 k
R2 10 k
Rc 4 k
R
E
2 k
Rs 1 k
R
L
2.2 k
C1 10 F
C2 1 F
CE 20 F
Vcc 20 V
Vs 1 mV
Q1 Q2N2222
After drawing the circuit save the work on the PC.

Simulation: DC and AC Analysis

Simulating your circuits with Multisim catches errors early in the design flow, saving time and
money.

Vacation Training ELEC 1200
Working with NI Instruments Multisim



Page 4 of 5 Prepared by Y K Ramgolam
Virtual Instrumentation

1. Using the digital multimeter which is found in Simulate/Instruments/Multimeter,
determine the current and voltages across the resistors and hence the quiescent point of
the amplifier.
2. By connecting an oscilloscope as shown below, analyse the operation of the system.
C1
10uF
Ce
20uF
C2
1uF
Rs
1k
R1
40k
R2
10k
Re
2k
Rc
10k
RL
2.2k
V1
1mVrms
1kHz
0
VCC
20V
Q1
2N2222
1
2
5
VCC
6
0
XSC1
A B
Ext Trig
+
+
_
_
+
_
4
3

3. Adjust the Timebase of Channel A and B Scales to the required V/Div. You will see the
following displayed on the scope.


4. Change the frequency of the input signal and comment on the obtained results.

5. In this section, you will use AC Analysis to verify the frequency response of the
amplifier.
Vacation Training ELEC 1200
Working with NI Instruments Multisim



Page 5 of 5 Prepared by Y K Ramgolam
To perform an AC Analysis at the output from the collector:
a) Double-click on the wire that is attached to capacitor C2, and change the net name to
"analog_out" in the Net dialog box.
b) Select Simulate/Analyses/AC Analysis and click on the Output tab.
c) Highlight V( anal og_out ) in the left column and click Add. V( anal og_out )
moves to the right column.
d) Click Simulate. The results of the analysis appear in the Grapher.
e) Comment on the obtained results.


EXERCISE 2 DIGITAL COUNTER

You are required to study the operation of an up/down counter using the 74LS191N. The counter
has parallel loading ability. You need to wire the MSI component of the counter and the hex
displays and by applying necessary input voltages analyse the operation of the up/down counter.
The recommended components are given below:
The up/down counter and display.
U1
74LS191N
A
15
B
1
C
10
D
9
~U/D
5
QA
3
QB
2
QC
6
QD
7
~CTEN
4
~LOAD
11
~RCO
13
MAX/MIN
12
CLK
14
U2

The clock pulse, dc supply, ground and switch.
V1
1kHz
5 V
V2
5 V
Key =A

Comment on the operation of the system.