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An Introduction to Laboratory Fume Hood Performance Testing

Topics of Discussion
What is a Fume Hood?
Why do we Test Fume Hoods?
Brief History of ASHRAE 110
ASHRAE 110: Face Velocity Testing
ASHRAE 110: Smoke Visualization
ASHRAE 110: Tracer Gas Containment
ASHRAE 110: Test Types
The Proposed Latest Edition of ASHRAE 110
Other Fume Hood Performance Tests
A Laboratory Fume Hood is a
safety device where
hazardous chemicals can be
handled safely while fumes
and vapors generated by
these chemicals are
exhausted out of the building,
when connected to a properly
designed laboratory
ventilation system.
What is a Fume Hood?
Speed of the
Air is Face
What is a Fume Hood?
Above all else, laboratory
fume hoods are
What is a Fume Hood?
A method of evaluating the fume hoods ability to
contain and exhaust fumes under a set a standard
A means for a comparative analysis of fume hoods.
A tool for fume hood manufacturers to use in the
design and research & development of fume hoods.
A criteria for fume hood procurement.
A method to commission and certify fume hood
A forensic tool to help identify issues/problems with
an installed laboratory fume hood HVAC system.
Why Test Fume Hoods?
What Fume Hood Performance
Testing is NOT:
As of today, there is no performance test
that directly correlates the results of the
fume hood performance test with the
safety afforded to a fume hood operator.
The variables in hood environment
(including cross drafts, temperature and
pressure fluctuations, activity and traffic
in the lab space, hood location, system
design), use practices, materials in the
hood and hood loading, prevent a direct
Why Test Fume Hoods?
Brief History of ASHRAE 110
Evolved from a research paper by K. J . Caplan and G.
W. Knutson, Laboratory Fume Hoods, A Performance
Test, RP-70, ASHRAE Transactions, 1978.
A Test Method that does not define pass/fail criteria
First published as an ANSI Standard in 1985.
Revised in 1995.
2005 version has yet to be published.
SPC 110 Committee is actively involved in the laboratory
ANSI/ASHRAE 110 Standard
Face Velocity Measurement
Smoke Visualization
Tracer Gas Containment
ASHRAE 110: Face Velocity
Face Velocity
Multiple Point
Readings to Measure
Average Face
Measurement of
Cross Drafts
Verification of VAV
System Operation
and Response
Calibration of Airflow
Velocity Velocity
Probe Probe
Clamp Clamp
Microphone Microphone
Stand Stand
ASHRAE 110: Face Velocity
ASHRAE 110: Smoke Visualization
Small Volume Smoke
TiCl4 Smoke Sticks or
ASHRAE 110: Smoke Visualization
Large Volume
Smoke Visualization
Theatrical Smoke
ASHRAE 110: Tracer Gas Test
Tracer Gas
SF6 Gas
5 minute average
escape in PPM
Gas analyzers
concentration down
to 0.01 PPM
Three static tests,
sash movement
effect and perimeter
ASHRAE 110: Tracer Gas Test
ASHRAE 110: Test Types
ANSI/ASHRAE 110 Method
As Manufactured (AM)
As Installed (AI)
As Used (AU)
ASHRAE 110: Proposed New Version
Highlights of some proposed changes and additions:
Face Velocity Measurement
Shorter Mannequin Height
Data Collection
Additional info in explanatory Appendix A
New Appendix B Diagnostic information
New Appendix C Sample Test report
Other Fume Hood Performance Tests
NIH Test method
US EPA Test method
Person as Mannequin variation
EN 14175 (European Union)
MD 15128 (Canada PWGSC)
If you have any questions, or would like to discuss this further,
please do not hesitate to contact me:
Robert DeLuca, J r. LEED Green Assoc.
Vice President
Lab Crafters, Inc. Lab Crafters, Inc.
Ronkonkoma, NY 11779 Ronkonkoma, NY 11779
Ph: 631.471.7755 Ph: 631.471.7755
Web: Web: www.lab www.lab-
Or Visit us here at Labs21: Booth60/ 61
Thank you for your time