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G.R. No.

178413 March 13, 2008


AQUILINO L. PIMENTEL III, petitioner,
vs.
THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS EN BANC SITTING AS THE NATIONAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS, THE SPECIAL
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF CANVASSERS FOR MAGUINDANAO CHAIRED BY ATTY. EMILIO S. SANTOS, and JUAN
MIGUEL F. ZUBIRI, respondents.
FACTS: 2 months after the May 14, 2007 national elections, 11 candidates for senatorial posts were proclaimed
and had taken their oaths except to the 12
th
and last post where Pimentel and Zubiri were the contenders. A new
board of canvassers (Special Provincial Board of Canvassers for Maguindanao) was created because Pimentel thru
his counsel questioned some irregularities as to the authenticity and due execution of Cert. of Canvass. During the
proceedings, they were not allowed to ask questions and present evidence to prove their claim. Instead, their
questions were noted in the minutes. Hence, Pimentel a petition for certiorari and mandamus seeking the court to
issue tro as to enjoin comelec from canvassing; to annul such proceedings because it is unconstitutional and illegal
proceedings and; to allow them to raise their objections and present evidence to prove their claims. All petitions
were denied. Eventually, Zubiri were proclaimed, had taken oath and assumed office. Pimentel protested. Zubiri
filed a motion to dismiss contending that Pimentel should have filed with Senate Electoral Tribunal (SET) for the
annulment of his proclamation.

ISSUES: 1. WON the case of Pimentel is an exception to the prohibition on pre-proclamation in cases of Senators
2. WON the comelec has the jurisdiction over the case

RULING: 1. No. The SC did not recognize the pre-proclamation case of Pimentel, which could have prospered if he
met the requirement of law, because SPBOC-Maguindanao is not Congress nor COMELEC en banc acting as the
NBC, specifically charged by Section 30 of Republic Act No. 7166, as amended by Republic Act No. 9369, with the
duty to determine the authenticity and due execution of the certificates of canvass submitted to it.

In elections for President, Vice-President, Senators and Members of the House of Representatives, the general rule
still is that pre-proclamation cases on matters relating to the preparation, transmission, receipt, custody and
appreciation of election returns or certificates of canvass are still prohibited. As with other general rules, there are
recognized exceptions to the prohibition, namely: (1) correction of manifest errors; (2) questions affecting the
composition or proceedings of the board of canvassers; and (3) determination of the authenticity and due
execution of certificates of canvass as provided in Section 30 of Republic Act No. 7166, as amended by Republic Act
No. 9369. And, in this case, the exception applies only to Congress or the COMELEC en banc acting as the NBC, and
not to local boards of canvassers who must still be deemed covered by the prohibition on pre-proclamation
controversies.
2. No. As provided in Article VI, Section 17 of the 1987 Constitution SET shall be the sole judge of all contests
relating to the election, returns, and qualifications of their respective members.
Thus, once a winning candidate has been proclaimed, taken his oath, and assumed office as a senator, COMELECs
jurisdiction over election contests relating to his election, returns, and qualifications ends, and the SETs own
jurisdiction begins. The word "sole" in Article VI, Section 17 of the 1987 Constitution underscores the exclusivity of
the electoral tribunals' jurisdiction over election contests relating to their respective members. It is therefore
crystal clear that this Court has no jurisdiction to entertain a petition for certiorari and mandamus on matters
which may be threshed out in an election contest. It is the SET which has exclusive jurisdiction to act on the
complaint of Pimentel involving, as it does, a contest relating to the election of Zubiri, now a member of the
Senate.

DISMISSED