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LEMBAR PENGESAHAN

PENATALAKSANAAN FISIOTERAPI PADA POST ORIF FRAKTUR


ANTEBRACHII 1/3 MIDDLE DAN POST OREF FRAKTUR CRURIS 1/3
DISTAL
Disusun Oleh :
Reni Widyantari / P 27226010061
Kadek Irma Meriana / P 27226010051
Ellyen Dhessy Mercurry / P 27226010041
Fadila Dyah Pamungkas / P 27226010045
Ardita Ramadaningrum / P 27226010034
Risa Kusuma Anggraeni / P 27226010065
Yoxy Gilar Pradana / P 27226010079
Telah Disetujui
Surakarta, 26 November 2013
Pembimbing

Endang W. SST.FT. .
NIP.

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DAFTAR ISI

Hal

Halaman Judul ............................................................................................... i


Lembar Pengesahan ....................................................................................... ii
Daftar Isi ........................................................................................................ iii
Daftar Gambar ............................................................................................... v

BAB I PENDAHULUAN ............................................................................ 1

A. Latar Belakang ............................................................................. 1


B. Rumusan Masalah ........................................................................ 3
C. Tujuan .......................................................................................... 3

BAB II TINJAUAN PUSTAKA ................................................................. 4

A. Deskripsi Kasus ........................................................................... 4


1.

Anatomi Antebrachii ............................................................ 4


a. Os. Radius ....................................................................... 4
b. Os. Ulna ........................................................................... 5

2.

Closed Fraktur Antebrachii 1/3 Middle ............................... 8


a. Pengertian Closed Fraktur ............................................... 8
b. Pengertian Fraktur Antebrachii 1/3 Middle Dekstra ....... 10
c. Etiologi ............................................................................ 11
d. Patofisiologi..................................................................... 11
e. Komplikasi ...................................................................... 12
f. Tindakan .......................................................................... 12

3.

Anatomi Tibia dan Fibula .................................................... 13

4.

Open Fraktur Cruris 1/3 Distal Dekstra .............................. 16

iii

a. Pengertian Open Fraktur ................................................. 16


b. Pengertian Fraktur Cruris 1/3 Distal Dekstra ................. 18
c. Etiologi ............................................................................ 19
d. Patofisiologi..................................................................... 20
e. Perubahan Patologi .......................................................... 21
f. Komplikasi ...................................................................... 21
g. Tindakan .......................................................................... 24
B. Bone Healing................................................................................ 25
C. Definisi Problematik Fisioterapi .................................................. 26
D. Intervensi Fisioterapi .................................................................... 27

BAB III PENATALAKSANAAN FISIOTERAPI .................................... 30

A. Pengkajian Fisioterapi .................................................................. 33


B. Problematika Fisioterapi .............................................................. 41
C. Tujuan Fisioterapi ........................................................................ 42
D. Teknologi Intervensi Alternatif .................................................... 43
E. Pelaksanaan Fisioterapi ................................................................ 43
F. Evaluasi ........................................................................................ 47
G. Pembahasan .................................................................................. 51

BAB IV PENUTUP ...................................................................................... 53

A. Kesimpulan .................................................................................. 53
B. Saran ............................................................................................. 53

DAFTAR PUSTAKA ................................................................................... 55

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Hal

Gambar 2.1 Gambaran Os radius ................................................................... 5


Gambar 2.2 Gambaran Os ulna ...................................................................... 6
Gambar 2.3 Tulang Tibia dan Fibula (Joseph, 2009)..................................... 14
Gambar 2.4 Otot yang Melewati Tulang Tibia dan Fibula Tampak Depan
(Joseph, 2009) ................................................................................................ 15
Gambar 2.5 Otot yang Melewati Tulang Tibia dan Fibula Tampak Belakang
(Joseph, 2009) ................................................................................................ 15
Gambar 2.6 Gambaran Radiologi Fraktur Cruris 1/3 Distal Dekstra ............ 18