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NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE GRADE 12 MATHEMATICS P2 FEBRUARY/MARCH 2013 MEMORANDUM MARKS: 150 This memorandum consists of

NATIONAL SENIOR CERTIFICATE

GRADE 12

MATHEMATICS P2 FEBRUARY/MARCH 2013 MEMORANDUM

MARKS: 150

This memorandum consists of 21 pages.

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Mathematics/P2

2

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NOTE:

NSC – Memorandum

If a candidate answers a question TWICE, only mark the FIRST attempt.

If a candidate has crossed out an attempt of a question and not redone the question, mark the crossed out version.

Consistent Accuracy applies in ALL aspects of the marking memorandum. QUESTION 1

1.4 1.2 1.3
1.4
1.2
1.3
1.5
1.5
Scatter plot of exchange rate versus oil price Exchange rate (in R/$) 7.4 7.6 7.8 6.8
Scatter plot of exchange rate versus oil price
Exchange rate (in R/$)
7.4
7.6
7.8
6.8
7.7
6.7
7.1
6.9
7.2
7.5
7.3
Oil price (in $)
80
74
70
76
78
66
68
81
77
82
67
79
71
69
72
75
73
65
7

There is a negative correlation between the exchange rate and oil price.

As the exchange rate (R/$) increases the oil price ($) decreases.

OR

Mean = = 71,05 852,6 12
Mean =
= 71,05
852,6
12

Standard deviation is:

σ = 4,09

2 standard deviations from the mean = 71,05+ 2(4,09) = 79,23 The public will be concerned in December 2010

 reason (2)
 reason
(2)
 852,6  71,05 (2)
 852,6
 71,05
(2)
 4,09 (2)
 4,09
(2)
 79,23  Dec 2010 [11] (2)
 79,23
 Dec
2010
[11]
(2)

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QUESTION 2

NSC – Memorandum

2.1 Range of Peter’s scores is 94 – 68 = 26  94 – 68 
2.1
Range of Peter’s scores is 94 – 68 = 26
 94 – 68
26
(2)
2.2
Vuyani’s minimum score is 76
76
(1)
2.3
Vuyani was more consistent during the year because the range of his
scores is more clustered about the median value
OR the range and inter-quartile range are smaller than Peters.
Vuyani
reason
(2)
[5]
QUESTION 3
3.1
Cumulative Frequency Graph
160
150
140
plotting points
130
at cumulative
120
frequencies
110
100
plot against
90
upper limits
80
70
60
grounded at
(0 ; 0)
50
40
smooth curve
30
20
10
0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
(4)
Percentage interval
3.2.1
(85 ;
± 144 )
(85 ; ± 144)
± 144 learners that scored below 85%
± 144 learners
(Accept: 144 to 146)
(2)
3.2.2
Q 1 =
Q 3 =
25 or 27 or 26
61 or 62 or 64
lower quartile
upper quartile
Interquartile range = 36 or 35 or 38
IQR
(3)
[9]
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Cumulative frequency

Mathematics/P2

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NSC – Memorandum

QUESTION 4 4.1 y − y 2 1 m = AD x − x 2 1
QUESTION 4
4.1
y
− y
2
1
m
=
AD
x
− x
2
1
substitution
7
− −
(
3)
=
1
− −
(
4)
= 2
2
(2)
4.2
AD//BC
m
= 2
AD
m
= m = 2
AD
BC
substitute into
y
y
=
m x
(
x
)
1
1
formula
y
− −
(
8)
=
2(
x
− −
(
2)
y
=
2
x
4
y = 2 x − 4
(3)
4.3
At F:
y = 0
0 = 2x – 4
y = 0
x = 2
x = 2
F(2 ; 0)
(2)
4.4
D is translated C according to the rule:
D
( x ; y ) → C ( x + 2 ; y − 5)
A must also be translated according to this rule to B / .
x = 3
y = 2
∴A(1 ; 7) → B / (3 ; 2)
(2)
OR
x = 3
x
= − +
2
(1
+
4)
=
3
/
B
y = 2
y
= − +
8
(7
+
3)
=
5
/
(2)
B
4.5
m
= 2
BC
tan
θ
= 2
β
θ
63,43°
θ
=
63, 43
°
F(2 ; 0)
D(–4 ; –3)
− − −
8
(
3)
5
5
m
=
= −
tan β = −
DC
− − −
2
(
4)
2
2
C(–2 ; –8)
5
111,8°
tan
β
= −
2
β
=
180
° −
68, 20
° =
111,80
°
48,37°
α = 111,80° − 63.43° = 48,37°
(4)
OR
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NSC – Memorandum

2 2 DC = ( − + 4 2) + − + ( 3 8) =
2
2
DC
=
(
− +
4
2)
+ − +
(
3
8)
=
29
2
2
CF
=
(
− −
2
2)
+ − −
(
8
0)
=
80
Subst in cos-
2
2
DF
=
( 2
+
4)
+
( 0
+
3)
formula
=
45
cos α subject
29
+
80
45
0,6643 ...
cos
α
=
48,37°
2(
29 )(
80 )
(4)
= 0,6643...
α
=
48,37
°
OR
2
2
DC
=
(
− +
4
2)
+ − +
(
3
8)
=
29
2
2
DB =
(3
+
4)
+
( 2
+
3)
=
74
2
2
Subst in cos-
BC
=
(3
+
2)
+
( 2
+
8)
formula
=
125
cos α subject
29
+
125
74
0,6643 ...
cos
α
=
48,37°
2(
29 )(
125 )
(4)
= 0,6643...
α
=
48,37
°
4.6
substitution
2
2
DC
=
(
− +
4
2)
+ − +
(
3
8)
into formula
=
29
29
2
2
CF
=
(
− −
2
2)
+ − −
(
8
0)
substitution
into formula
=
80
80
1
Area
DCF
=
.DC.CF. sin
α
2
1
substitution
=
(
29 )(
80 ) sin 48,37
°
2
into the area
2
rule
= 18 units
18
(6)
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NSC – Memorandum

   

OR

 

6

 

F

 

3

D

5

(1) Area=9 (3) Area (2) Area = 16 = 5
(1) Area=9
(3)
Area
(2) Area = 16
= 5

establishing

8

rectangle and

 

area

 

relationship of

 

2

C

4

areas

Area DCF = Area of rectangle – (1) – (2) – (3)

 

(1) = 9

(2) = 16

 

= 48 – 9 – 5 – 16

 

(3) = 5

= 18 sq units

 

18 units 2

(6)

 

OR

 

G(–4 ; 0)

H(–2 ; 0)

 

F (2 ; 0)

drawing

 

perpendiculars

D (–4 ; –3)

D (–4 ; –3)

 

C (–2 ; –8)

Area CDF = Area CHF + Area CDGH - Area DGF

 

relationship of

=

1

×

4

8

× +

2

×

  • 1 (3

×

8)

1

× × 3

6

areas

16

2

2

2

11

=

16

+

11

9

9

= 18

18 units 2

   

(6)

[19]

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NSC – Memorandum

QUESTION 5 5.1.1 2 2 x + y + 2 x + 6 y + =
QUESTION 5
5.1.1
2
2
x
+
y
+
2
x
+
6
y
+ =
2
0
2
2
x
+
2
x
+ +
1
y
+
6
y
+ = − +
9
2
10
2
2
(
x +
1)
+ y +
(
3)
=
8
2
2
(
x
+
1)
+
(
y
+
3)
=
8
– 1
M
( −1 ; − 3)
– 3
(3)
5.1.2
radius of circle C
8
8
1 =
(1)
5.2
2
2
substitution
x
+
(
x
2)
+
2
x
+
6(
x
2)
+ =
2
0
2
2
x
+
x
4
x
+ +
4
2
x
+
6
x
12
+ =
2
0
2
2
x
+
4
x
6
=
0
standard form
2
x
+
2
x
− =
3
0
factors
(
x
+
3 (
)
x
− =
1)
0
x
= −
3
or
x
1
value of x
value of y
y = − 3 − 2 = −
5
(5)
∴ D ( −3 ; − 5)
OR
2
2
(
x
+
1)
+
(
y
+
3)
=
8
substitution
subst
.
y =
x −
2
2
2
(
x
+
1)
+
(
x
− +
2
3)
=
8
2
2
(
x
+
1)
+
(
x
+
1)
=
8
standard form
2
x
+
2
x
− =
3
0
factors
(
x
+
3 (
)
x
− =
1)
0
x
= −
3
or
x
1
value of x
value of y
y = − 3 − 2 = −
5
OR
(5)
2
2
(
x
+
1)
+
(
y
+
3)
=
8
subst
.
y
=
x −
2
substitution
2
2
(
x
+
1)
+
(
x
− +
2
3)
=
8
2
2
(
x
+
1)
+
(
x
+
1)
=
8
simplification
(
x +
1
)
2
=
4
square root of both
x + =
1
±
2
sides
x
= −
3
or
x
1
value of x
y = − 3 − 2 = −
5
value of y
OR
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NSC – Memorandum

 

PM makes 45° with the x-axis.

   



2 2 8 = 2 + 2
2
2
8 =
2
+ 2
2 2 8 = 2 + 2
2
2
8 =
2
+ 2
 

value of x

Therefore:

 

value of y

x

D

= x

M

 

2

= − − = −

1

2

3

   

(5)

3

y = − −

D

2

= −

5

 

5.3

MD

DB

 

(tangent

radius)

tangent

MB

2

=

MD

2

+

DB

2

(Pythagoras)

radius

substitution

=

( 8 )
(
8 )

2

+

( 4

2 )
2 )

2

into Pythagoras

= 40

   

MB

is the radius of C 2

 

MB

=

40
40
 

40
40
   

(3)

5.4

(

x +

1)

2

(

+ y +

3)

2

=

40

 

LHS

 

RHS

 

(2)

5.5

Distance from (2

5 ; 0 ) to

Distance from to centre

centre

 

substitution into

 

=

( 2 5
(
2
5

+

 

1

)

2

+

(

0

+

3

)

2

distance formula

= 6, 24

 

6,24

6,24 < 6,32 (

40 ) 5
40 )
5

6,24 < 6,32

 

Distance from (2

; 0 ) to

centre < radius of circle.

(2

5 ; 0 ) lies inside the circle.

lies inside the circle.
 

conclusion

   

(4)

[18]

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NSC – Memorandum

QUESTION 6 6.1.1 A( – 5 ; 3)  – 1 / A ( − +
QUESTION 6
6.1.1
A( – 5 ; 3)
– 1
/
A
(
− +
5
4 ; 3
3)
= −
(
1 ; 0)
0
(2)
6.1.2
/
A −
(
5 ;
3)
–5
–3
(2)
6.2.1
/
/
/
/
K M
15
3
K M
Scale factor of enlargement is
=
=
KM
10
2
KM
3
2
OR
3
/
/
K (
4
; 2)
K
(
6 ; 3)
=
K
  3
× −
4 ;
× 2  
2
2
 3
3
3
× −
4 ;
× 2 
Scale factor is
2
2
2
3
2
(2)
6.2.2
 3
3
3
(
x
;
y →
)
x
;
y 
x
2
2
2
3
y
2
(2)
6.2.3
 3
3
9
/
P 
×
3 ;
2
×
2
2
2
3
 9
/
= P 
;
3 
(2)
2
6.2.4
  a = 1
a = 1
(2)
6.2.5
//
K
( 4
;
2)
4
– 2
(2)
6.2.6
///
/
///
/
K
K
=
5
K
K
=
5
/
///
K M
=
15
/
///
K M
=
15
/
///
K K
5
1
=
=
1
/
///
K M
15
3
3
(3)
[17]
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DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

QUESTION 7

 

7.1

K

/

(

b

;

a

)

b

 

a

(2)

7.2

K

//

(

b

cos

θ a θ a

sin

;

cos

θ b θ

sin

)

b cos θ a sin θ

K

//

(

a

cos(90

+

θ

)

+

b

sin(90

OR

° +

θ

)

;

b

cos(90

° +

θ

)

a

sin(90

° +

θ

)

a cos θ b sin θ

(2)

=

K

//

(

a

sin

θ

+

b

cos

θ

;

b

sin

θ

a

cos

θ

)

7.3

T

//

(

(

− −

4) sin

θ

(

+ −

2) cos

θ

;

(

− −

2) sin

θ

(

− −

4) cos

θ

)

 

4

sin θ 2 cos θ

=

T

//

( 4 sin

θ

2 cos

θ

; 2 sin

θ

+

4 cos

θ

)

 

OR

2

sin θ + 4 cos θ

T

//

(

2 cos

θ

(

− −

4) sin

θ

;

(

− −

4) cos

θ

(

− −

2) sin

θ

)

(2)

=

T

//

(

2 cos

θ

+

4 sin

θ

; 4 cos

θ

+

2 sin

θ

)

4

sin θ 2 cos θ

 

2

sin θ + 4 cos θ

(2)

7.4

2 3 3 −
2
3
3

1

+ =

2

=

4 sin

θ

2 sin

θ

+

2 cos

4 cos

θ

θ

( )

1

(

2)

  • substitution to form equation

  • substitution to

( 2)

×

2 :

2

3
3

4

− =

4 sin

θ

+

8 cos

θ

(3)

 

form equation

(1)

(3)

:

5

= −

10 cos

θ

 
  • 5 = −10 cos θ

 

1

2

= cos

θ

 

1

2

= cos θ

 

θ

=

180

° −

60

° =

120

°

 
  • 120°

 

OR

 

(5)

2 3 3 −
2
3
3

1

+ =

4 sin

θ

2 cos

θ

( )

1

  • substitution to

2

=

2 sin

θ

+

4 cos

θ

(

2)

 

form equation

(1)

×

2 :

4

2

+ =

8 sin

θ

4 cos

θ

(3)

  • substitution to

( 2)

+

(3) :

=

10 sin

θ

   

form equation

 
3 5 3 3
3
5
3
3

= sin

2

θ

  • 3 = 10 sin θ

5 3
5
3
  • = sin θ

 

θ

=

180

° −

60

° =

120

°

 
 

2

 
  • 120°

 

(5)

 

OR

 

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NSC – Memorandum

1 1 ˆ m = ⇒ tan X OT = OT 2 2 ˆ X OT
1
1
ˆ
m
= ⇒
tan X OT
=
OT
2
2
ˆ
X
OT
=
206,565...
°
1
tan X
OT ˆ
=
3 − 2
3 − 2
ˆ
2
//
m
=
tan
XOT
=
= − 0,06....
/
OT
2
3 + 1
2
3 + 1
206.565 ...°
ˆ
X
OT
= −
3, 434
°
– 0,06 ...
90
° + =
θ
209,99...
° ≈
210
°
θ
=
120
°
– 3.434°
120°
(5)
OR
(TT / ) 2 = OT 2 + (OT / ) 2 – 2(OT)(OT / ).cos (90° + θ)
40
+
20
3
=
40
40. cos(90
° +
θ
)
(TT / ) 2
3
cos(90
° +
θ
)
= −
= 40 + 20
3
2
substitution
90
° + =
θ
150
°
in cos-rule
θ
= 60 °
simplification
150°
60°
(5)
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DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

QUESTION 8 8.1 2 2 θ θ  simplification 1 − sin + − 3 cos
QUESTION 8
8.1
2
2
θ
θ
simplification
1
sin
+ −
3
cos
2
2
= −
4
(sin
θ
+
cos
θ
)
3
= 3
(2)
OR
2
2
cos
θ + 3 −
cos
θ
substitution
with identity
= 3
3
(2)
8.2
rewrite using
sin 150
°
3 tan 225
°
4
.2
reduction
sin 30
°
3 tan 45
°
=
4
.2
formula
substituting
1
(
2
)
3
=
2
2
.2
special angles
simplification
=
16
= 4
4
(4)
OR
1
1
sin 150 ° =
sin 150° =
2
2
tan 225
° =
1
tan 225° = 1
sin 150
°
3 tan 225
°
4
2
1
3
=
4
2
2
1
4
2
=
2
3
=
2.2
=
16
4
(4)
= 4
8.3
2
2
2
cos
x
(sin
x
+
cos
x
)
factorisation
LHS =
1 −
sin x
1
2
cos
x
. (1)
=
1 − sin x
2
(1 − sin
x
)
2
1 − sin
x
=
1 − sin x
(1
+
sin
x
)(1
sin
x
)
=
factors
1 − sin x
= 1 + sin x
= RHS
(4)
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NSC – Memorandum

  • 8.4 cos 3

 

θ

 

=

=

=

cos( 2

θ θ

+

cos 2

θ

. cos

( 2 cos

2

θ

)

θ

sin 2

θ

. sin

θ

1).

cos

θ

2 sin

θ

. cos

θ

. sin

θ

expansion

2 cos

2 θ

1

 

=

2

cos

3

θ

cos

θ

2 sin

2

θ

. cos

θ

 

2 sin θ . cos θ

=

2

cos

3

θ

cos

θ

2(1

cos

2

θ

). cos

θ

1 cos

2

θ

=

2

cos

3

θ

cos

θ

2 cos

θ

+

2 cos

3

θ

 

=

4

cos

3

θ

3 cos

θ

   

(4)

  • 8.5 cos

 

θ

3

=

4 cos

3

θ

3 cos

θ

 

cos

1

=

3( 20 )

° =

4

3

x

3

x

4 cos

3

° −

( 20 )

°

3 cos( 20 )

 

θ = 20°

cos 60° =

1

2

2

 

8

x

3

6

x

1

− =

0

 

(2)

 

[16]

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14

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

QUESTION 9 9.1 cos 160 . tan 200 ° ° 2 sin( − 10 ) °
QUESTION 9
9.1
cos 160 . tan 200
°
°
2 sin(
10 )
°
− cos 20°
(
cos 20 )(tan 20 )
°
°
=
tan 20°
2(
sin 10 )
°
− sin 10°
 sin 20 ° 
(
cos 20 ° ) 
sin 20 °
cos 20 °
=
cos 20 °
2
sin 10
°
2
sin 10 cos 10
°
°
=
2 sin 10° cos 10°
2 sin 10 °
=
cos 10
°
cos 10°
(6)
9.2.1
LHS
=
cos(
x
+
45 ). cos(
°
x
45 )
°
(
expand
=
cos
x
. cos 45
° −
sin
x
sin 45
°
)(
cos
x
cos 45
° +
sin
x
sin 45
°
)
cos( x + 45°)
2
2
2
2
=
cos
x
. cos
45
° −
sin
x
. sin
45
°
2
2
2
2
expand
2
2
1
1
2
= cos
x
2
2
2
− sin
or
cos
x
− sin
x 
cos( x − 45°)
2
2
 2 
2 
1
1
substitute
2
2
=
cos
x
sin
x
special angles
2
2
1
2
2
=
(cos
x
sin
x
)
2
simplification
1
=
cos 2 x
2
(4)
OR
2 cos
α
cos
β
=
cos(
α β
+
)
+
cos(
α β
)
 deriving
1
identity
cos
α
cos
β
=
(
cos(
α β
+
)
+
cos(
α β
)
)
2
Let
α
= +
x
45 °
and
β
= −
x
45
°
cos(
x
+
45 ) cos(
°
x
45 )
°
1
substitution
=
(
cos((
x
+
45
° + −
x
45 )
° +
cos(
x
+
45
° − +
x
45 )
°
)
2
simplification
1
=
(
cos 2
x
+
cos 90
°
)
2
1
(4)
=
cos 2 x
2
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DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

9.2.2 1 cos( x + 45°) cos( x − 45°) has a minimum when cos 2
9.2.2
1
cos( x + 45°) cos( x − 45°) has a minimum when
cos 2 x
has a
2
minimum.
minimum
The minimum value of cos 2 x is –1
value of –1
cos 2
x = −
1
2
x =
180
°
2x = 180°
x =
90
°
x = 90°
(3)
[13]
QUESTION 10
10.1
Range = [ −1 ; 1]
 [ −1 ; 1]
(2)
10.2
 3 
 3 
f 
x 
= sin 2 
x 
2
2
sin 3x
= sin 3 x
360
°
Period
=
=
120
°
3
120°
OR
(2)
 3 
 3
f 
x
 =
sin 2 
x 
2
2
sin 3x
= sin 3 x
=
sin(3
x
+
360 )
°
=
sin 3(
x
+
120 )
°
120°
Period
=
120
°
(2)

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16

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

10.3 1.5 f (30° ; 1) 1 0,87 0.5  x intercepts (90° ; 0,5) 
10.3
1.5
f
(30° ; 1)
1
0,87
0.5
x intercepts
(90° ; 0,5)
 turning points
-180
-120
-60
60
shape
-0.5
(-18 0° ; -0,87)
g
-1
(4)
(-150° ; -1)
-1.5
10.4
( −180° ; − 90°) or
( −60° ; 0°)
> – 180°
OR
< –90°
> –60°
− 180° < x < −90° or − 60° < x < 0°
< 0°
(4)
10.5
y = sin 2(x + 30°)
translation 30°
∴ translation of 30° to the left
to the left
(2)
10.6
sin
2 x
=
cos(
x
30 )
°
using co-function
sin 2
x
=
sin[90
° −
(
x
30 )]
°
2 x = 120° −
x + 360°k
=
sin(120
° − x )
x = 40° + 120°k
2
x
=
120
° − +
x
360
°
k
;
k
Z
2
x
=
180
° −
(120
° −
x
)
+
360
°
k
3
x
=
120
° +
360
°
k
or
2
x
− =
x
60
° +
360
°
k
2
x
=
180
° −
(120
° −
x
)
x
=
40
° +
120
°
k
;
k
Z
x
=
60
° +
360
°
k
;
k
Z
+
360
° k
x = 60° + 360°k
k ∈ Z
(6)
OR
cos(90
° − x =
)
sin 2
x
=
cos(
x
30 )
°
cos(
x −
30 )
°
cos(90
° −
2
x
)
=
cos(
x
30 )
°
90
° −
2
x
= −
x
30
°
90
° −
2
x
= −
x
30
° +
360
°
k
or
90
° −
2
x
=
360
° −
(
x
30 )
° +
360
°
k
+
360
° k
3
x
= −
120
° +
360
°
k
− =
x
300
° +
360
°
k
x
=
40° − 120°k
x
=
40
° −
120
°
k
;
k
Z
x
= − 300
° −
360
°
k
;
k
Z
90
° −
2
x
=
360
°
∴ x = 40° + 120°k
or
x = 60° + 360°k
; k ∈
Z
(
x
30 )
° +
360
°
k
x = −300° − 360°k
k ∈ Z
(6)
[20]
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DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

QUESTION 11

NSC – Memorandum

11.1 AB = sin 2 x  AB = sin 2 x r r AB =
11.1
AB
= sin 2 x
AB = sin 2 x
r
r
AB
= r
sin 2
x
AB =
r sin 2 x
(2)
11.2
ˆ
ˆ
A
KC
= 90° +
x
 AKC = 90° + x
(1)
11.3
C
sine rule
x
x
substitution
r
making AK subject
of the formula
90°- x 90°+ x
cos x
B
A
K
In ΔAKC :
ˆ
ˆ
sin A KC
sin A CK
=
AC
AK
sin(90
° + x
)
sin x
=
r
AK
r
sin
x
r
sin
x
AK =
=
sin(90
° + x
)
cos x
AK
2
=
AB
3
sin
  r
x  
cos x
2
=
r
sin 2
x
3
sin x
cos x
2
=
2sinx.cosx
2 sin
x
cos
x
3
sin x
1
2
×
=
cos x
2 sin
x
cos
x
3
1
1
2
2
=
2 cos
x
2
2 cos
x
3
2
4 cos
x
=
3
3
cos x =
3
2
cos x =
2
x =
30
°
x = 30°
OR
(8)
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18

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

C x x r 90°- x 90°+ x B A K Using the sine-formula in ∆CBK
C
x
x
r
90°- x 90°+ x
B
A
K
Using the sine-formula in ∆CBK and ∆CKA:
sin
x
sin(90
° − x
)
sin
x
sin(90
° +
x
)
sin x
sin(90° −
x
)
=
and
=
=
BK
BC
KA
AC
BK
BC
BK
KA
sin x
sin(90° +
x
)
=
=
BC
AC
KA
AC
1
2
BK
KA
=
=
BC
r
BC
AC
1
2
1
=
BC
=
r
BC
r
2
1
1
BC
r
1
BC
=
r
2
cos 2 x
=
=
=
2
AC
r
2
1
2
x
=
60
°
cos 2 x =
2
∴ x =
30
°
2x = 60°
x = 30°
OR
(8)
C
x
x
r
90°- x 90°+ x
90°- 2 x
B
A
c
K
2c
c
∆CBK: KC =
sin x
c
KC =
sin x
sin
x
sin(90
° −
2
x
)
sin(90
° −
2
x
). sin
x
=
=
∆CKA:
2
c
KC
c
sin
x
sin(90
° −
2
x
)
=
2
c
KC
1
∴ sin (90° - 2x) =
= sin 30°
substitution
2
1
90° - 2x
= 30°
 sin (90° - 2x) =
2
x
= 30°
90° - 2x = 30°
x = 30°
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DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

OR (8) C x x r 90°- x 90°+ x 90°- 2 x B A c
OR
(8)
C
x
x
r
90°- x 90°+ x
90°- 2 x
B
A
c
K
2c
∆CBK:
3 c
sin 2
x
=
=
2 sin
x
. cos
x
3
c
r
sin 2
x
=
3 c
r
r
sin
x =
.......................
(1)
2 sin
x. cos x
2
cos x
3 c
r
sin
x
=
∆CKA:
2 cos x
2
c
r
=
2
c
r
sin
x
cos x
=
sin
x
cos x
r
sin
x
=
2
c
cos
x
( 2)
r sin x = 2c cos x
Equate (1) and (2):
3 c
2
c
. cos
x =
2
cos x
3
2
equating
cos
x =
4
3
cos
x =
2
3
x
= 30 °
cos x =
2
30°
OR
(8)
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DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

AK 2 = = 2 KB 1 1 AK BC . multiplying by BC 1 2
AK
2
=
= 2
KB
1
1
AK BC
.
multiplying by BC
1
2
2 =
2
1
BK BC
.
2
area of triangles
area AKC
=
area ABC
1
rCK
sin
x
2
area formula in
=
1
BC CK
.
sin
x
triangles
2
r
r
= 2
=
BC
BC
BC
1
BC
1
=
=
r
2
r
2
1
1
cos 2
x =
cos 2 x =
2
2
2x = 60°
2
x
=
60
°
∴ x =
30
°
x = 30°
(8)
OR
C
x
x
r
B
A
c
K
2c

For stating Internal
By the Internal Bisector Theorem:
Bisector Theorem
CB
BK
1
=
=
CB
BK
1
CA
KA
2

=
=
CA
KA
2
1
cos 2 x
=
2
2
x =
60
°
1
cos 2 x =
x =
30
°
2
2x = 60°
x = 30°
(8)
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21

DBE/Feb.–Mar. 2013

NSC – Memorandum

OR D x r C x x r x 0°- x 90°+ x B A K
OR
D
x
r
C
x
x
r
x
0°- x
90°+ x
B
A
K
Produce BC to D and draw CK parallel to DA.
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
ˆ
CAD
=
KCA
and
BCK
=
D
 DC = CA = r
DC
=
CA
=
r
∴ ∆
BKC
|||
BAD
 ∆BKC ||| ∆BAD
BK
BC
BK
BC
=
= 3
=
= 3
BA
BD
BA
BD
BD
=
3
BC
=
BC
+
r
BD = BC + r
1
1
BC
=
r
 BC
=
r
2
2
1
r
1
1
cos 2 x
=
2
=
cos 2 x =
r
2
2
2x = 60°
2
x
=
60
°
∴ x =
30
°
30°
(8)
[11]
TOTAL:
150

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