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Answers to Sample Exam Questions #1


Chemistry 112

Multiple Choice

1. Which of the following statements best describes what happens when chocolate melts?
a) This is a physical change, and the molecules move farther apart.
b) This is a chemical change, and the molecules move farther apart.
c) This is a physical change, and the molecules move closer together.
d) This is a chemical change, and the molecules move closer together.

2. Which of the following is not part of Daltons atomic theory?
a) All matter is composed of indivisible atoms.
b) Atoms of the same element can be different.
c) Compounds form when atoms combine in whole number ratios.
d) A chemical reaction involves rearrangement of atoms.

3. Which of the following pairs of compounds illustrates the law of multiple proportions?
a) Fe, FeO
3
b) Cl, Cl
2
c) H
2
SO
4
, NaOH d) H
2
O, H
2
O
2

4. Which of the following elements would you expect to behave most like magnesium?
a) sodium b) calcium c) aluminum d) scandium

5. Which of the following has the longest wavelength?
a) X rays b) microwaves c) green light d) UV light

6. Which of the following represents the correct formula of the compound formed by fluorine
and aluminum?
a) Al
3
F
7
b) Al
5
F c) AlF
3
Al
7
F
3

7. Which of the following is an ionic compound?
a) N
2
O b) CO c) HCl d) Na
2
O

8. What is the molar mass of acetaminophen, shown here?
a) 151 g/mol b) 48 g/mol
c) 120 g/mol d) 132 g/mol

9. Which of the following is most likely to lose electrons in an ionic
compound?
a) oxygen (O) b) hydrogen (H) c) lead (Pb) d) carbon (C)

10. Which of the following is the least active metal?
a) aluminum b) gold c) iron d) magnesium
O
N
H
OH
acetaminophen
2

11. Which statement best describes the chemistry of soaps?
a) They contain both a nonpolar group and a polar group
b) They contain only a nonpolar group
c) They contain only a charged group
d) They are highly polar, charged compounds

12. Which of the following is not true about acid-base indicators?
a) They act as sensors of H
+
by changing color.
b) They account for the fact that roses are red and violets are blue.
c) They are found in pH paper.
d) They form the basis of the Scott test for cocaine.

13. Isomers are molecules with the same
a) kinds and number of atoms but a different arrangement of these atoms
b) number of electrons and protons but a different number of neutrons
c) net dipole but different atoms involved in the bond
d) molecular formula but a different overall charge

14. Which of the following elements has the greatest electronegativity?
a) S b) He c) Fr d) Cl


15. Your friend is abroad this semester in London. She reports that the temperature there is 4C.
You know that the conversion to Fahrenheit involves multiplying by 1.8 and adding 32F.
What is the London temperature in Fahrenheit with the correct number of significant figures?
a) 39.2F b) 39F c) 40F d) 4F


Short Answer.

1. Put a check in the box in front of the oxidation-reduction reactions below and circle the
material undergoing oxidation.
N
2
+ O
2
! 2 NO 6 CO
2
+ 6 H
2
O ! C
6
H
12
O
6
+ 6 O
2

PbCl
2
+ KI ! KCl + PbI
2
Mg + 2 HCl ! MgCl
2
+ H
2
CuO + H
2
! Cu + H
2
O HCl + NaOH ! H
2
O + NaCl

2. Give an example of an oxidation-reduction reaction common to everyday life. What is being
oxidized in your example? What is being reduced?
Examples mentioned in class include batteries, rusting metal, burning fuels, reaction of rocket
fuel, reaction of gun powder, respiration, and photography.

3
3. Circle any of the following that indicate an acid.
[H
+
] = 1.0 x 10
-8
mol/L
pH = 6.5
turns litmus blue
NH
3
+ H
2
O ! NH
4
+
+ OH
-
(compound in bold font)

HCl + H
2
O ! H
3
O
+
+ Cl
-
(compound in bold font)


4. Briefly describe an example of an acid-base reaction common to everyday life.
Many possibilities. See pp 104-111 in text.

5. Circle all the homogeneous mixtures below.
Gatorade Jello Cappuccino Orange Juice Blood

6. Circle any of the following formulas that could be real compounds.
H
2
P MgS
2
Fr
2
Cl Na
3
N K
2
O

7. Use the models below for this question. (p= protons; n = neutrons; e = electrons)





a) What is the relationship between Atom 1 and Atom 3? (One word is sufficient.)
Isotopes

b) Write each of the atoms above in the shorthand notation that describes the most common
isotope of hydrogen as H-1.

Atom 1: Be-8 Atom 2: B-11 Atom 3: Be-10

c) Briefly comment on the proportions of these atoms as they are depicted here.
The nucleus is far too big relative to the electron cloud.


d) How many valence electrons does Atom 2 have?
3
4 p,
4 n

4 e

Atom 1
5 p,
6 n

5 e

Atom 2
4 p,
6 n

4 e

Atom 3
4
8. For each of the following compounds,
a) Circle the correct type of bonding. You may need to circle two choices for one compound.
b) Predict whether the compound dissolves significantly in water.
(Necessary electronegativity values are as follows: C = 2.5; H = 2.1; O = 3.5; N =3.0)

a) Type of bonding? b) Dissolves in water?

CH
4
ionic polar covalent nonpolar covalent Yes No
HCN ionic polar covalent nonpolar covalent Yes No
(C is the central atom)
CaO ionic polar covalent nonpolar covalent Yes No


9. Draw the Lewis dot structure for each compound in the boxes provided.
a) CH
4
b) HCN c) CaO



Ca
2+


10. Rank CH
4
, HCN, and CaO in terms of expected boiling point.

_______ __________ _______
lowest intermediate highest



Problems. You must clearly show your work for full credit.

1. Assume that the element with atomic number 113 has just been discovered in two different
forms: one with 139 neutrons and one with 145 neutrons. If the first form occurs 75% of the
time, what atomic mass should be listed on the periodic table for this element?
(113 + 139) * 0.75 + (113 + 145) * 0.25 = 253.5 amu



2. If exactly one mole of pennies were divided equally among the worlds population (assume
5.5 x 10
9
people), how many dollars would each person receive? Please report your answer
with the correct number of significant figures.

6.02 x 10
23
pennies/5.5 x 10
9
people = 1.09 x 10
14
cents = 1.1 x 10
12
dollars


C H
H
H
H
H:C:::N:
O
2-
CH
4
HCN CaO
5

3. The fermentation of glucose (C
6
H
12
O
6
) produces ethanol (C
2
H
6
O) and carbon dioxide.
a) Write a balanced equation for this reaction.

C
6
H
12
O
6
! 2 C
2
H
6
O + 2 CO
2


b) What is the molar mass of glucose?

6 x 12.01 g/mol + 12 x 1.008 g/mol + 6 x 16.00 g/mol = 180.2 g/mol


c) What mass of ethanol is produced if 360 grams of glucose undergoes complete
fermentation?

360 g glucose x 1 mole glucose x 2 moles ethanol x 46 g ethanol = 184 g
180 g glucose 1 mole glucose mole ethanol


4. A closed vessel contains 52 g of C
2
H
2
and 200 g of O
2
, which react to form CO
2
and H
2
O.
a) How many molecules of C
2
H
2
are in the vessel?

52 g x 1 mole x 6.02 x 10
23
molecules = 1.2 x 10
24
molecules
26 g mole

b) Write a balanced equation for the reaction.

2 C
2
H
2
+ 5 O
2
! 4 CO
2
+ 2 H
2
O

c) After the reaction is complete, how many grams of each material will be found in the
vessel?

2 moles C
2
H
2
(see part a) x 5 moles O
2
x 32 g O
2
= 160 g O
2
used, so 40 g remain. All C
2
H
2
used.
2 mol C
2
H
2
mole

2 moles C
2
H
2
x 4 moles CO
2
x 44 g CO
2
= 176 g CO
2
produced.
2 mol C
2
H
2
mole

2 moles C
2
H
2
x 2 moles H
2
O x 18 g H
2
O = 36 g H
2
O produced.
2 mol C
2
H
2
mole

Final answers:

0 g C
2
H
2
40 g O
2
176 g CO
2
36 g H
2
O