Anda di halaman 1dari 13

Engineering Standard

SAES-P-107 19 October 2008


Overhead Distribution Systems
Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Standards Committee Members
Hamrani, Majed Muhsen, Chairman
Sultan, Mansour Ramadan, Vice Chairman
Hassouneh, Awwad Shaban
Fateel, Adel Mahdi
Ghamdi, Abdulaziz Abdullah
Hamood, Abdulrazaq Abduljabbar
Almadi, Soloman Musa
Ba Hamdan, Mohammed Omar
Lourido Martelo, Lisardo
Bugshan, Jamal Ahmed
Shaikh Nasser, Ahmed Nasser
Badrani, Hamed Sulaiman
Zayan, Mahmoud Bahi El-Din











Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards

Table of Contents

1 Scope........................................................... 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations............................... 2
3 References................................................... 2
4 General......................................................... 5
5 Supporting Structures................................... 7
6 Armless Construction................................... 8
7 Guys, Messengers and Anchors.................. 8
8 Insulator Requirements................................ 9
9 Primary Conductors...................................... 10
10 Accessory Equipment................................... 12
11 Protective Devices........................................ 12



Previous Issue: 7 April 2008 Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013
Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Page 1 of 13
Primary contact: Hamrani, Majed Muhsen on 44-118-9135640

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2008. All rights reserved.
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 2 of 13
1 Scope
This Standard prescribes minimum mandatory requirements for the design and
installation of overhead distribution systems rated through 34.5 kV. This document
may not be attached to nor made a part of purchase orders.
2 Conflicts and Deviations
2.1 Any conflicts between this Standard and other Mandatory Saudi Aramco
Engineering Requirements (MSAERs*) or referenced industry standards shall be
resolved in writing by the Chairman, Electrical Systems Designs & Automation
Standards Committee, Consulting Services Department, Saudi Aramco,
Dhahran.
* Examples of MSAERs are Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications
(SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs) and Standard Drawings (SASDs).
2.2 Deviation from this Standard shall be approved by the Chairman, Electrical
Systems Designs & Automation Standards Committee, Consulting Services
Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran, and shall follow Saudi Aramco procedure
SAEP-302.
2.3 The designation "Commentary" is used to label a sub-paragraph that contains
comments that are explanatory or advisory. These comments are not mandatory,
except to the extent that they explain mandatory requirements contained in this
SAMSS.
3 References
All referenced Standards, Specifications, Codes, Forms, Drawings, and similar material
shall be of the latest issue (including all revisions, addenda, and supplements) unless
stated otherwise.
3.1 Saudi Aramco References
Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure
SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a
Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering
Requirement
Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards
SAES-A-112 Meteorological and Seismic Design Data
SAES-B-064 Onshore and Nearshore Pipeline Safety
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 3 of 13
SAES-P-104 Wiring Methods and Materials
SAES-T-903 Telecommunications Outside Plant Electrical
Protection and Grounding
The following SAMSSs and drawings are applicable to overhead line
construction:
Saudi Aramco Materials System Specifications
14-SAMSS-600 Material, Manufacture, and Preservation of Wood
Poles
14-SAMSS-602 Material, Manufacture, and Preservative
Treatment of Wood Crossarms
Saudi Aramco Standard Drawings
AE-036014 Pole Setting (2 Sheets)
AA-036015 Armless Construction, Double Deadend Structure,
2.4, 4.16, 13.8, and 34.5 kV
AD-036016 Bonding Details, Armless Construction, Angle
Structure, 60 to 90 deg
AC-036021 Armless Construction, Angle Structure, 15 to 30
deg, 2.4, 4.16, 13.8, and 34.5 kV
AC-036022 Armless Construction, Angle Structure, 60 to 90
deg, 2.4, 4.16, 13.8, and 34.5 kV
AD-036023 Guy and Anchors, Down Guys (3 Sheets)
AE-036034 Pole Footing Increased Bearing Area
AE-036036 Pole Rake
AE-036037 Pole Protection Guard
AD-036063 Guy and Anchors, 10.8 k Sidewalk Guy
Installation
AD-036064 Guy Anchors Power Installed Screw
AD-036066 Guy and Anchors, 8 k Overhead Guy (3 Sheets)
AD-036070 Rock Anchor Installation
AC-036079 Armless Construction, Tangent Structure, 0 to 2
deg, 2.4, 4.16, 13.8, and 34.5 kV
AC-036085 Armless Construction, Angle Structure, 0 to 15
deg, 2.4, 4.16, 13.8, and 34.5kV
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 4 of 13
AC-036102 Armless Construction, Angle Structure, 30 to 60
deg, 2.4, 4.16, 13.8, and 34.5 kV
AC-036104 Armless Construction, Full Deadend Structure,
2.4, 4.16, 13.8, and 34.5 kV
AC-036112 Armless Construction, 3-Phase Tap Structure, 2.4,
4.16, 13.8, and 34.5 kV
AA-036121 Sh. 1 Deadend Riser Pole with Fuse Disconnect
AA-036121 Sh. 2 Tap-Off Tangent Riser Pole with Fuse Disconnect
AD-036133 Switch Grounding Detail
AD-036135 Bonding Details, Post Insulators
AD-036136 Bonding Details, Armless Construction, Angle
Structure, 30 to 60 deg
AA-036390 Deadend/Tap-off Pole with Transformer
Installation (2 sheets)
3.2 National Standards
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Transportation
Highway Design Manual
3.3 Industry Codes and Standards
American National Standards Institute
ANSI/IEEE C2 National Electrical Safety Code (NESC)
ANSI/NFPA 70 National Electrical Code (NEC)
ANSI O5.1 Wood Poles - Specifications and Dimensions
ANSI C29.1 Electrical Power Insulators - Test Methods
ANSI C29.2 Insulators - Wet-Process Porcelain and
Toughened Glass - Suspension Type
ANSI C29.4 Wet-Process Porcelain Insulators - Strain Type
ANSI/NEMA C29.7 Porcelain Insulators - High-Voltage Line-Post
Type
ANSI/NEMA C29.9 Wet-Process Porcelain Insulators - Apparatus,
Post-Type
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 5 of 13
American Society for Testing Materials
ASTM B549 Standard Specification for Concentric-Lay-
Stranded Aluminum Conductors, Aluminum-
Clad Steel Reinforced (ACSR/AW)
4 General
4.1 Overhead distribution systems shall be in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C2
(NESC), as supplemented by this Standard and the Saudi Aramco standard
drawings listed above.
4.2 Overhead lines shall be designed and constructed to NESC Grade B
requirements for light loading conditions.
4.3 Overhead line design shall be based on the following environmental conditions:
Minimum temperature : 0C
Maximum temperature : 50C
Wind speed (50 yr.) : 160 km/hr
Exception:
In specific locations covered by SAES-A-112, environmental data from
SAES-A-112 may be used with concurrence of Coordinator, CSD/Electrical
Systems Division.
4.4 The following shall be submitted to Coordinator, CSD/Electrical Systems
Division for review during detailed design of new overhead distribution lines
which exceed 5 spans in length:
Sag and tension calculations
Sag/Temperature Templates
Plan and profile drawings
Exception:
Plan and profile drawings are not required if:
1) The changes in elevation between any two poles would not result in
variations of more than 2 meters in the vertical clearance of the lowest
conductor. (i.e., the terrain is flat).
2) The span lengths do not exceed 90 m.
3) Drawings are provided that show the route of the line.
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 6 of 13
Commentary Note 4.4:
Distribution line spans should normally not exceed 90 m in length. Vertical
clearances required by Section 4.7 of this standard must be maintained
regardless of terrain variations.
4.5 Compression type (gripping force is provided by compressing the connector
onto the conductor using a tool designed for the purpose and is non-reversable)
connectors shall be used for splicing and tapping. Connectors for aluminum
(ACSR) conductors shall be filled with an oxide inhibiting and sealing
compound such as Burndy PENETROX.
4.5.1 Compression type lugs shall be used for overhead line connections to
equipment furnished with pad type terminals.
4.5.2 Compression lugs or splices used for connections of insulated or covered
cables to overhead lines shall have a closed barrel or solid center stop to
prevent ingress of water into the insulated cable.
4.6 Non-current carrying metallic enclosures, brackets, and braces shall be bonded
together via grounding lugs and shall be connected to a grounding electrode
conductor. Pole ground conductors shall be minimum 4 AWG, stranded, soft
drawn, bare copper. Refer to AA-036015, AD-036016, AD-036135 and/or
AD-036136 for details.
4.7 Vertical clearances above grade for desert installations of conductors, including
service drops, messengers, and guys shall be minimum 8.5 m at final unloaded
sag, no wind, and 50C ambient temperature. For designs using emergency
service conditions, minimum vertical clearance shall be calculated using 120C
total conductor temperature. In plants, construction camps, residential areas,
and other non-desert areas minimum clearance shall be per ANSI/IEEE C2
unless larger clearances are required by the facility proponent.
4.8 Vertical clearances above grade for plant entrances shall be determined by the
proponent. Minimum clearance shall be 8.5 m under the conditions specified in
Paragraph 4.7 above.
4.9 Aerial-to-underground transitions shall be in rigid galvanized steel conduit or
PVC coated galvanized rigid steel conduit in accordance with the requirements
of SAES-P-104.
4.10 See SAES-B-064 for requirements relating to horizontal clearances between
pipelines and powerline conductors and for horizontal clearances between
pipelines and powerline support structures.
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 7 of 13
4.11 Designs for single phase circuits shall include provisions for future conversion
to three phase without requiring additional design work. Clearances, pole
heights, guys, crossarm dimensions, pole loadings, etc., shall be designed
assuming addition of a third phase conductor identical to those being installed.
Exception:
Not required if proponent of the line verifies that future upgrade of the line will not
be necessary.
5 Supporting Structures
5.1 Supporting structures for overhead lines shall hotdipped galvanized steel or
seamless aluminum alloy poles in plants and other industrial facilities and
fiberglass poles or wood poles meeting the requirements of 14-SAMSS-600 for
non-industrial locations.
Exception:
Wood poles shall be permitted for use in stand alone Water Injection Plants,
Water Treatment Plants, and for supply lines located outside of industrial and
plant areas (for example, Cathodic Protection supply lines in desert areas).
5.2 Wood poles used for supporting structures shall be Class 4 or better as defined
in ANSI O5.1.
5.3 Supporting structure, guy, messenger, and anchor locations shall be selected
based on accessibility, limited use of guys, minimal obstructions to pedestrian
and vehicular traffic, and shall be as inconspicuous as possible.
5.4 Where required (as determined by the Superintendent of the Area Loss
Prevention Division and the proponent organization), supporting structures
located less than 9 m from a roadway shall be protected by barriers meeting the
requirements of the Highway Design Manual, Volume 2, Part 1, Section 1.15.
Supporting structure clearance from curbs shall be maintained at a minimum of
0.6 m from face of curb.
5.5 Wood supporting structures shall have a dating nail indicating the year of
installation located at approximately 2 m above grade
5.6 Setting depths for wood poles shall be as shown on standard drawing
AE-036014.
5.7 Support structures shared by power conductors and communications cables
shall also meet requirements of SAES-T-903.
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 8 of 13
6 Armless Construction
6.1 Armless type construction shall be used for the conductor support system
(See referenced Standard Drawings).
Commentary Note 6.1:
"Armless" refers to the general type of construction. Crossarms may be used for
deadend structures, tap-off structures, etc., in accordance with the referenced
standard drawings.
6.2 Horizontal loading for line post insulators shall not exceed 2.2 kN for initial sag
at the minimum temperature per paragraph 4.3, and wind loading of 430 pa.
6.3 Line conductors up to 336.4 kcmil ACSR shall be dead-ended for line angles
larger than 30. Line conductors 336.4 kcmil and larger shall be dead-ended for
line angles larger than 5.
6.4 Lines more than 2 km long shall be double dead-ended a minimum of every
1.5 km.
7 Guys, Messengers and Anchors
7.1 All materials and dimensions shall withstand loads developed from sag
conditions at the minimum temperature per paragraph 4.3. Strand ultimate
strength shall be the weakest component of guy and messenger assemblies.
7.2 The angle between a down-guy and the supporting structure shall not exceed
60.
7.3 The use of sidewalk guys shall be limited to supporting structure loads of less
than 6.6 kN. Sidewalk guy horizontal member shall consist of a 2 in galvanized
pipe at a minimum height of 2.4 m above grade.
7.4 Sidewalk guys shall have reflective finished guy guards with the open side of
the guard facing away from the sidewalk.
7.5 Overhead guys shall be connected to the supporting structure grounding
electrode conductor at both ends. Down guys shall be connected at the upper
end.
7.6 Guys from supporting structures having ungrounded or resistance grounded
circuits shall be insulated with strain insulators.
7.7 For installations where a section of the guy crosses under or over supply
conductor circuits connected to other supporting structures rated in excess of
300 V, or which pass within a 3 m radius of such circuit conductors, the guy
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 9 of 13
section shall be insulated from ground. The exposed section shall be isolated
from points within 1.8 m of the supporting structure. Insulators shall be located
a minimum of 2.4 m above grade and below the lowest power conductor.
7.8 Guy insulators shall not be used with guy strands having ultimate strengths
greater than 80 kN.
7.9 Guy insulators shall have a rated ultimate strength greater than the rated
breaking strength of the guy.
7.10 Insulators are not required for messengers supporting street lighting cables,
secondary conductors of series lighting circuits, and traffic signal conductors.
7.11 Guy and messenger attachment hardware shall be preformed type dead end
fittings or automatic guy grips.
7.12 Messengers shall be of the stranded steel type. Messengers shall be sized for the
ultimate number of cables to be installed.
7.13 Power-installed screw anchors or rock anchors shall be used, except in hard marl
soil where expanding type anchors are permitted. Anchors shall not be loaded in
excess of 35% of their ultimate allowable holding strength. If required for
holding in poor soils, other anchor designs may be used with the concurrence of
Coordinator, Electrical Systems Division, Consulting Services Department.
7.14 Anchors shall not extend above ground in excess of the length necessary for
attachment requirements.
8 Insulator Requirements
8.1 Except where specifically noted otherwise in this document or the referenced
standard drawings, minimum insulator creepage for components shall be 40 mm
per kV line-to-line nominal system voltage.
8.2 Post and suspension type insulators shall be used. Pin type insulators shall not
be used. Insulator brackets shall be metallic. Semiconducting or resistive glaze
insulators shall not be used.
8.3 Insulators used on overhead distribution systems shall meet the requirements of
the ANSI C29 series of standards. Specifically: (1) Insulators shall be tested in
accordance with C29.1; (2) Suspension type insulators shall be in accordance
with ANSI C29.2; (3) Strain type insulators shall be in accordance with ANSI
C29.4; (4) Line-post type insulators shall be in accordance with ANSI/NEMA
C29.7; (5) Station-post type insulators shall be in accordance with ANSI C29.9;
(6) Preferred insulator color is chocolate brown.
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 10 of 13
8.4 Insulators shall not be loaded in excess of 40% of their rated ultimate strength.
8.5 Fog type porcelain suspension insulators shall be used to terminate overhead
circuits at a substation bay or supporting strain bus. For these applications, an
insulating string shall consist of a minimum of 2 units at 13.8 kV and 4 units at
34.5 kV.
9 Primary Conductors
9.1 Conductors shall be ACSR/AW (aluminum conductor, aluminum clad steel
reinforced)/AW per ASTM B549 and Table 1.

Table 1

Code Word mm Awg Kcmil
SWAN/AW 21.1 4 41.7
SPARROW/AW 33.6 2 66.36
RAVEN/AW 53.5 1/0 105.6
QUAIL/AW 67.4 2/0 133.1
PENGUIN/AW 107.2 4/0 211.6
MERLIN/AW 170.2 336.4
ORIOLE/AW 170.5 336.4
DRAKE/AW 402.8 795.0

9.2 Phase rotation shall be x y z (a b c) counterclockwise.
9.3 Phase positions shall be per Table 2.

Table 2

Construction Phase/Neutral Position
HORIZONTAL X OR A EAST OR NORTH
Y OR B CENTER
Z OR C WEST OR SOUTH
NEUTRAL
OR SOUTH
BELOW, EAST

VERTICAL X OR A TOP
Y OR B CENTER
Z OR C BOTTOM
NEUTRAL BELOW

Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 11 of 13

9.4 Bare conductor rated ampacities shall be as per Table 3.

Table 3

Service Condition
Code Word Kcmil Normal
(Amperes)
Emergency
(Amperes)
SWAN/AW 41.74 110 165
SPARROW/AW 66.36 150 215
RAVEN/AW 105.6 200 300
QUAIL/AW 133.1 260 335
PENGUIN/AW 211.6 305 445
MERLIN/AW 336.4 440 650
RAKE/AW 795.0 760 1105

Table 3 Notes:

(1) Normal service conditions are defined as follows:
80C conductor temperature
50C ambient temperature
0.6 m/sec wind velocity
(2) Emergency service conditions are defined as follows:
120C conductor temperature
50C ambient temperature
0.6 m/sec wind velocity
(3) Radial lines shall be designed based on normal service conditions for the maximum
operating load. Distribution loops and lines feeding double-ended substations shall be
designed using normal service conditions.
Exception:
The emergency service conditions may be used for designing for abnormal
operation during outages which cause a distribution loop to be fed from only one
end or a double ended substation to be fed from one line only.
9.5 Conductor tension shall not exceed 10% of the conductor ultimate strength. Sag
and tension calculations shall be based on maximum and minimum ambient
temperatures per Paragraph 4.3. For lines subject to emergency service
conditions, maximum sag shall be calculated based on emergency service
conditions shown in Paragraph 9.4 Note 2.
9.6 Overhead ground wires terminating on a substation structure shall be connected
to an equivalent cross section copper conductor which is connected to the
ground grid or bus.
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 12 of 13
10 Accessory Equipment
10.1 Accessories, including terminating devices, shall be rated for application at line-
to-line system voltages.
10.2 Transformer primary connections shall be made with hot line clamps connected
to a bail (stirrup) compressed on the line conductor.
10.3 Minimum height between any part of a pole mounted transformer or its
mounting bracket or platform and grade shall be 4.9 m.
10.4 Supporting structures for accessories shall have a minimum stress safety factor
of 4.0.
10.5 Minimum separation between ungrounded conductors shall be per Table 4.

Table 4

System Voltage (kV) Clearance mm
4.16 230
13.8 410
34.5 710

10.6 Loadbreak switches shall be provided at sectionalizing points.
11 Protective Devices
11.1 Surge arresters shall be installed at distribution transformer installations,
capacitor bank installations, recloser installations, metering installations, and
aerial-to-underground cable termination points.
11.2 Surge arresters shall be of the distribution class, metal-oxide, gapless type rated
per Table 5.

Table 5

System Voltage (kV) Arrester Rating (kV)
4.16 6.0
13.8 12
34.5 27

11.3 The grounding electrode for surge arresters shall be minimum 16 mm (5/8 in)
diameter by 3 m (10 ft) local copper or copper clad ground rod(s) driven along
the center line of the circuit. The ground rod(s) shall also be bonded to the plant
or substation ground grid if located within 15 m of the rod. The resistance to
ground of the surge arrester ground shall not exceed 25 ohms. The surge
Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation SAES-P-107
Issue Date: 19 October 2008
Next Planned Update: 7 April 2013 Overhead Distribution Systems


Page 13 of 13
arrester grounding terminals shall be connected, with minimum bends, directly
to the local ground rod.
11.4 Minimum arrester-to-arrester clearance shall be per Table 4.
11.5 Fused cutouts shall be provided for transformers fed directly from overhead
distribution lines.
11.6 Loadbreak switches and fused cutouts shall be provided for capacitor
installations on overhead distribution lines.


Revision Summary
7 April 2008 Revised the "Next Planned Update". Reaffirmed the contents of the document and
reissued with editorial revisions.
19 October 2008 Editorial revision to replace Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Standards
Committee Chairman and Vice Chairman.