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Penggunaan Potassium Sianida dan Keluhan Fungsi Pernapasan Pekerja


Electroplating Perak di PT. X
Farahdila Lailatul Qoriah
Departement of Evironmntal Health and Occupational Health and Safety
Public Health Faculty, Jember University
ABSTRACT
PT. X merupakan perusahaan industri plating logam yang memiliki potensi bahaya
kimia yang tinggi. Hal tersebut disebabkan penggunaan potassium sianida dalam
proses electroplating yang mengakibatkan pekerja di bagian electroplating mengalami
keluhan fungsi pernapasan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan
rancang bangun survey dan observasional secara kuantitatif. Studi populasi dilakukan
pada 16 pekerja bagian electroplating yang secara langsung terpapar gas sianida.
Metode pengambilan sampel menggunakan total sampling atau sampel jenuh.
Informan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode purposive sampling.
Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner, check list, uji fungsi paru menggunakan
spirometer, dan in-depth interview. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan
frekuensi. Penyajian data menggunakan tabulasi data silang dan deskripsi hasil
wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keluhan pernapasan subjektif yang sering
dialami responden adalah batuk 100% dan sesak napas 93,75%. Sedangkan dari hasul
uji fungsi paru menunjukkan nilai rata-rata prediksi FVC 33,94% termasuk kategori
restriksi sedang, dan nilai rata-rata prediksi FEV1 24,91% termasuk kategori
obstruksi berat. Kesimpulan bahwa semua pekerja di bagian electroplating yang
menjadi responden penelitian mengalami faal paru kategori campuran.

Keywords: Potassium Cyanide, Keluhan Fungsi Pernapasan, Faal Paru,
Electroplating.
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The usage of sianida potasium and workers respiration lamentation
Silver Electroplating at PT. X
Farahdila Lailatul Qoriah
Departement of Evironmntal Health and Occupational Health and Safety
Public Health Faculty, Jember University
ABSTRACT
PT. X is a metal plating industrial company which has a big danger of chemical
radiation. It caused by the usage of sianida potassium in the process of electroplating
and made the workers had problem with their respiration. This research used
descriptive method with survey and quantitative observational. The study of
population had been done on 16 workers of electroplating which got direct impact
from sianida. The method of sample taking in this research used total sampling or
saturated sampling. The informant used purposive sampling method, and
questionnaire, checklist for collecting data. It also used spirometer in lung function
test and in-depth interview. Data analysis in this method used descriptive and
frequency analysis. It used cross tabulation of data and description of interview result.
The result of this research shows the subjective lamentation of respiration which
often occur toward the workers is 100% cough, and 93,75% shortness of breath. In
the other hand, the result of lung function test shows prediction average score of FVC
33,94% including prediction average score of FEVI 24,91% including hard
obstruction. The conclusion is all the workers in electroplating who had been
respondent in this research got faal lung in assortment category.

.
Keywords: Potassium Cyanide, Keluhan Fungsi Pernapasan, Faal Paru,
Electroplating.
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