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2008 ACCESSORIES & BODY, CAB

Anti-Theft - Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) - F-150 & Mark LT


DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
ANTI-THEFT
The passive anti-theft system (PATS) consists of the following components:
Anti-theft indicator (located in the light sensor)
Encoded (the key contains a transponder) ignition key
PATS transceiver
PCM
PATS uses radio frequency identification technology to deter a drive-away theft. Passive means that it does not
require any activity by the user.
The vehicle is equipped with 2 PATS keys. A maximum of 8 PATS keys can be programmed to start the
vehicle. If additional PATS keys are desired, refer to Spare Key Programming - Unlimited Key Mode.
PATS Function
The PATS function is controlled by the PCM. PATS uses the PCM to carry out all of the PATS functions such
as receiving the identification code from the PATS key, controlling the starter and fuel injectors enable, and
initiates the key interrogation sequence when the ignition key is turned to the ON or START position. All
elements of PATS must be functional before the vehicle will start. If any of the components are not working
correctly, the vehicle will not start. If the PCM must be replaced for any reason (PATS concerns or driveability
concerns), the PATS keys must be programmed into the new PCM. Refer to Key Programming Using
Diagnostic Equipment.
PATS is active only for a few seconds when the vehicle is starting. It is not a PATS concern if the vehicle stalls
after it has been running for a minimum of 3 seconds. PATS will not disable a running vehicle.
PATS is not compatible with aftermarket remote start systems, which allow the vehicle to be started from the
exterior of the vehicle. These systems may reduce the security of the vehicle, and also may be the cause of no-
start concerns. Remote start systems must be removed from the vehicle before any PATS-related no-start
concerns are investigated.
A PATS no-start may involve a vehicle no-start due to either the fuel injectors not operating or the starter not
operating (starter relay does not close) or both. Always check for PATS DTCs from the PCM when a no-crank
or no-start condition exists. A low state of charge (SOC) in the vehicle battery may cause the PATS to allow
starter operation, but prevent the fuel injectors from operating. If the PATS theft light does not prove out (it
may be either flashing or glowing steadily) and one (or both) of the previous conditions (fuel injectors and/or
starter inoperative) are present, it may be due to a PATS issue. If the theft light proves out, and the vehicle does
not start, it is probably not a PATS issue. Refer to the Introduction - Gasoline Engines article. If the theft light

2008 Lincoln Mark LT
2008 ACCESSORIES & BODY, CAB Anti-Theft - Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) - F-150 & Mark LT

2008 Lincoln Mark LT
2008 ACCESSORIES & BODY, CAB Anti-Theft - Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) - F-150 & Mark LT
Microsoft
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does not illuminate at all, it may be a circuitry/light sensor/PCM issue. Go to Symptom Chart.
PATS will disable the vehicle from starting if there is:
A damaged PATS key
An unprogrammed PATS key
A non-PATS key (a conventional key or one that does not have any electronics)
Damaged wiring, terminals or connectors
A damaged transceiver
A damaged PCM
Unlimited Key Mode
PATS contains a feature called unlimited key mode. This feature allows a customer to program more than 8
vehicle keys, if requested. Each vehicle in unlimited key mode is set up with a special, unlimited transponder
security key code. This allows all the customer vehicles (or, one vehicle) to share the same mechanically cut
keys (more than 8 keys). For an individual customer, any randomly selected security key is acceptable. Refer to
Spare Key Programming - Unlimited Key Mode.
DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
ANTI-THEFT
Special Tools
Principles of Operation
Illustration Tool Name Tool Number
73III Automotive Meter 105-R0057 or equivalent
Vehicle Communication Module
(VCM) and Integrated Diagnostic
System (IDS) software with
appropriate hardware, or equivalent
scan tool

Flex Probe Kit 105-R025C or equivalent

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Anti-Theft Indicator
PATS uses a visual anti-theft indicator located in the light (autolamp/sunload) sensor. The indicator proves out
for 3 seconds when the ignition key is in the ON or START position under normal operation. If there is a PATS
concern, this indicator either flashes rapidly or glows steadily when the ignition key is turned to the ON or
START position. PATS also flashes the anti-theft indicator every 2 seconds when the ignition key is in the OFF
position to act as a visual theft deterrent.
Encoded PATS Keys
PATS uses a special ignition key that is larger than a conventional ignition key because it contains a
permanently installed electronic device called a transponder. Each transponder contains a unique encrypted
identification code which is one of a very large number of combinations. The addition of this transponder to the
key makes it an "encoded" key. The PATS key does not require batteries and should last the lifetime of the
vehicle. Each PATS key must be programmed into the PCM before it can be used to start the vehicle. There are
special general procedures that must be carried out if a new PATS key is necessary. Refer to Key
Programming Using Diagnostic Equipment or Key Programming Using Two Programmed Keys.
PATS Transceiver
The PATS transceiver is located under the steering column shroud and communicates with the encoded ignition
key. During each vehicle start sequence, the PATS transceiver reads the encoded ignition key identification
code and sends data to the PCM. The PCM validates the code, and if it is the correct code, will ground the
starter relay solenoid coil and will also allow the fuel injectors to operate.
PATS Operation
The PATS function is controlled by the PCM. When the ignition switch is turned to the ON or START position,
the PCM initiates the key interrogation sequence by sending a voltage signal to the PATS transceiver. The
transceiver then uses its antenna to communicate with the transponder in the PATS key. This process "reads"
the PATS key identification code and sends the key identification code back to the PCM, which interprets it and
determines if it matches one of the stored key codes. If it does match one of the stored key codes, the PCM
grounds the starter relay solenoid coil and allows fuel injector operation. If it does not match one of the stored
key codes, or it is only a partial key read or no key read, the PCM will not ground the starter relay solenoid coil
and will not allow fuel injector operation. The anti-theft indicator in the instrument cluster will flash (or may
glow steadily) and the PCM will store one or more DTCs. All elements of PATS must be functional before the
vehicle will start. If any of the components are not working correctly, the vehicle will not start. If the PCM must
be replaced for any reason (PATS concerns or driveability concerns), the PATS keys must be programmed into
NOTE: Replacement of the passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver does not
require the PATS keys to be programmed into the PCM again.
NOTE: A minimum of 2 PATS keys must be programmed into the PCM before the
vehicle will start.
NOTE: Make sure any aftermarket remote start systems have been removed from the
vehicle before any PATS-related no-start concerns are investigated.

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the new PCM. Refer to Key Programming Using Diagnostic Equipment.
The PATS disables the vehicle from starting if there is:
A damaged PATS key
A unprogrammed PATS key
A non-PATS key (key has no electronics)
Damaged wiring, terminals or connectors
A damaged transceiver
A damaged PCM
PATS PIDs
Monitoring the PATS PIDs can be very useful in determining which diagnostic steps to follow. Viewing the
MASTERKEY (verifies if the key is programmed) PID (with both keys) will determine if the key is a
programmed key and will also prove out the transceiver, circuitry and the PCM. A master key is any key that is
programmed into the PCM. Viewing the MIN_KEY (minimum number of keys) PID (this PID does not change)
indicates the minimum number of keys that must be programmed into the PCM. There must be at least 2 keys
programmed into the PCM in this system. Viewing the N_KEYCODE (number of keys programmed) PID will
determine if the minimum number of keys have been programmed into the PCM. If the N_KEYCODE PID
reads 0 or 1, additional key(s) will need to be programmed into the PCM in order to meet the minimum of 2
keys. If the N_KEYCODE PID reads 0 or 1, and the MASTERKEY PID reads NOTPREST, that particular key
must be programmed into the PCM. If the N_KEYCODE PID reads 1, and the MASTERKEY PID reads
PRESNT, that particular key is already programmed into the PCM. The SPAREKEY (spare key) PID is
defaulted to ENABLE. With the SPAREKEY PID displaying ENABLE, the PCM will accept more than 2 keys
(up to a maximum of 8) being programmed into the PCM. It can be toggled to DISABLE if the customer does
not want any more than 2 keys programmed into the PCM using the Key Programming Using Two
Programmed Keys procedure. Refer to Key Programming Switch State Control to ENABLE/DISABLE the
SPAREKEY PID.
Unlimited Key Mode
This system contains a feature named unlimited key mode (PID of UNL_KEYID). This feature allows a
customer to program more than 8 keys to their vehicle if they request it. Each vehicle in unlimited key mode is
set up with a special unlimited transponder security key code. This allows all the customer's vehicles to share
the same mechanically cut keys, but no other keys from outside can be used to operate the vehicle(s). Any
randomly selected security key that has been previously mechanically cut and electronically programmed to the
vehicle is acceptable. Refer to Spare Key Programming - Unlimited Key Mode.
Inspection and Verification
1. Verify the customer concern.
2. Visually inspect for obvious signs of mechanical or electrical damage.
VISUAL INSPECTION CHART
Mechanical Electrical

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3. If an obvious cause for an observed or reported concern is found, correct the cause (if possible) before
proceeding to the next step.
4. If the cause is not visually evident, connect the scan tool to the data link connector (DLC).
5. If the scan tool does not communicate with the VCM:
Check the VCM connection to the vehicle.
Check the scan tool connection to the VCM.
Refer to MODULE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK article, No Power To The Scan Tool, to
diagnose no communication with the scan tool.
6. If the scan tool does not communicate with the vehicle:
Verify the ignition key is in the ON position.
Verify the scan tool operation with a known good vehicle.
Refer to MODULE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK article to diagnose no response from the
PCM.
7. Carry out the network test.
If the scan tool responds with no communication for one or more modules, refer to MODULE
COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK article.
If the network test passes, retrieve and record the continuous memory DTCs.
8. Clear the continuous DTCs and carry out the self-test diagnostics for the PCM.
9. If the DTCs retrieved are related to the concern, go to DTC Charts. For all other DTCs, refer to the
Large metallic objects or
electronic devices on the
key ring that can be used
to purchase gasoline or
similar items
Ignition lock cylinder
Passive anti-theft system
(PATS) key
Use of a non-PATS key
or incorrect PATS key
More than one PATS
key on key ring
Remote start system
installed
Central junction box
(CJ B) fuse(s):
5 (7.5A)
28 (5A)
Wiring, terminals or
connectors
Ignition switch
PCM
NOTE: Make sure to use the latest scan tool software release.
NOTE: The vehicle communication module (VCM) LED prove-out confirms power
and ground from the DLC are provided to the VCM.

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Introduction - Gasoline Engines article.
10. If no DTCs related to the concern are retrieved, go to Symptom Chart.
DTC Charts
PCM DTC CHART
DTC Description Action
B1213 Anti-Theft Number of Programmed
Keys is Below Minimum
If DTC B1213 is the only DTC present, PROGRAM
additional keys. REFER to Key Programming Using
Diagnostic Equipment. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the
ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
NOTE:
If DTCs B1600, B1601, B1602, B1681 or B2103 are
present, they must be addressed first.
B1342 ECU is Faulted CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test. If DTC B1342
is retrieved again, INSTALL a new PCM. REFER to
ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS article. CYCLE
the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
B1600 PATS Ignition Key Transponder
Signal Is Not Received
No PATS key has been read by the PCM. Go to Pinpoint
Test B.
B1601 PATS Received Incorrect Key-Code
From Ignition Key Transponder
There is an unprogrammed PATS key. Go to Pinpoint
Test C.
B1602 PATS Received Invalid Format of
Key-Code From Ignition Key
Transponder
Only a partial PATS key was read. Go to Pinpoint Test
D.
B1681 PATS Transceiver Module Signal Is
Not Received
The PCM did not receive the PATS transceiver signal. Go
to Pinpoint Test E.
B2103 Antenna Not Connected There has been a PATS transceiver antenna failure. Go to
Pinpoint Test A.
B2431 Transponder Programming Failed The ignition key was not programmed. PROGRAM the
key. REFER to Spare Key Programming - Using
Diagnostic Equipment. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the
ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
P1260 Theft Detected, Vehicle Immobilized
This DTC may also indicate a controller area network
(CAN) issue. Be sure to verify if there are any
communication issues/DTCs with any modules. REFER
to MODULE COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK
article. If DTC P1260 is the only DTC present, there may
be a power or ground concern with the PCM. REFER to
the Introduction - Gasoline Engines article.
NOTE:
If there are any PATS DTCs present, ADDRESS them
first.

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Symptom Chart
Symptom Chart
Pinpoint Tests
Pinpoint Test A: DTC B2103 - Antenna Not Connected
Normal Operation
The passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver reads the PATS key when the key is turned to the START or
ON position.
DTC B2103 (Antenna Not Connected) - sets when the PCM detects a PATS transceiver antenna failure.
The PATS transceiver may need to be replaced.
This pinpoint test is intended to diagnose the following:
PATS transceiver
PCM
All
other
DTCs
- REFER to the Introduction - Gasoline Engines article.
Condition Possible Sources Action
No communication with
the PCM
Fuses
Wiring, terminals
or connectors
PCM
REFER to MODULE
COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK
article.
The anti-theft indicator is
always/never on - vehicle
starts normally
Fuse
Wiring, terminals
or connectors
Anti-theft indicator
(part of the light
sensor)
PCM
Go to Pinpoint Test F.
The vehicle does not start
Wiring, terminals
or connectors
Starter relay
PCM
CYCLE the ignition. CARRY OUT the
PCM self-test.
If PATS DTCs are present, go to DTC
Charts.
If no PATS DTCs are present, REFER
to the Introduction - Gasoline
Engines article.

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PINPOINT TEST A: DTC B2103 - ANTENNA NOT CONNECTED
A1 INSPECT THE PATS TRANSCEIVER FOR CORRECT INSTALLATION
Key in OFF position.
Verify the PATS transceiver is correctly installed. Refer to Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS)
Transceiver.
Key in ON position.
Clear the PCM DTCs.
Key in OFF position.
Key in ON position.
Retrieve the PCM DTCs.
Is DTC B2103 retrieved?
YES : INSTALL a new PATS transceiver. REFER to Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS)
Transceiver. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test. If the concern is still
present, Go to A2.
NO : The system is OK.
A2 CHECK FOR CORRECT PCM OPERATION
Disconnect all the PCM connectors.
Check for:
corrosion
damaged pins
pushed-out pins
Connect all the PCM connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
Is the concern still present?
YES : INSTALL a new PCM. REFER to ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS article.
PROGRAM the PATS keys into the PCM. REFER to Key Programming Using Diagnostic
Equipment. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by a loose
or corroded connector. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
Pinpoint Test B: DTC B1600 - PATS Ignition Key Transponder Signal Is Not Received
Normal Operation
NOTE: Replacement of the PATS transceiver does not require the PATS keys to
be programmed into the PCM again.
NOTE: When a new PCM is installed, the PATS keys must be programmed into the
PCM.

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During each vehicle start sequence, the passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver reads the PATS key
identification code and sends the data to the PCM.
DTC B1600 (PATS Ignition Key Transponder Signal Is Not Received) - sets when no PATS key has
been read by the PCM.
This pinpoint test is intended to diagnose the following:
PATS key
PATS transceiver
PCM
PINPOINT TEST B: DTC B1600 - PATS IGNITION KEY TRANSPONDER SIGNAL IS NOT RECEIVED
B1 RETRIEVE THE DTCs
Key in ON position.
Clear the PCM DTCs.
Key in OFF position.
Key in ON position.
Retrieve the PCM DTCs.
Is DTC B1600 retrieved?
YES : Go to B2.
NO : If DTCs other than PATS PCM DTCs are retrieved, REFER to the Introduction - Gasoline
Engines article.
If no PATS DTCs are retrieved, the system is OK. The concern may have been caused by
interference from another object.
B2 CHECK BOTH PATS KEYS
NOTE: Large metallic objects, electronic devices on the key ring that can be used to
purchase gasoline or similar items, or a second key on the same key ring as the
PATS key may cause a vehicle starting concern and record DTCs under certain
conditions. If a fault cannot be identified, examine the customer key ring for
such objects or devices. If present, inform the customer that they need to keep
these objects from touching the PATS key while starting the engine. These
objects and devices cannot damage the PATS key, but can cause a momentary
concern if they are too close to the key during engine start. If a concern occurs,
turn the key off and restart the engine with all other objects on the key ring held
away from the ignition key. Check to make sure the PATS key used by the
customer is an approved Ford PATS key. (PATS keys from Ford, Rotunda,
Strattec, or HUF are approved Ford PATS keys.)
NOTE: Check to make sure the new PATS keys are approved Ford encoded PATS

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Obtain both PATS keys from the customer and follow the procedure using one PATS key, then the
other. If the customer only has one PATS key, it will be necessary to cut a new PATS key.
If it is necessary to cut a new PATS key, program the new PATS key. Refer to Key Programming
Using Diagnostic Equipment.
Key in ON position.
Clear the PCM DTCs.
Key in OFF position.
Key in ON position.
Retrieve the PCM DTCs.
Using either existing key or the new key, is DTC B1600 present?
YES : If DTC B1600 was present for all keys, go to B3.
If DTC B1600 was not present with the new key, the original key may be damaged and should be
replaced. CUT a new key to replace the damaged key. PROGRAM the new PATS key. REFER to
Key Programming Using Diagnostic Equipment. CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : If DTCs other than PATS PCM DTCs are retrieved, REFER to the Introduction - Gasoline
Engines article. If no PATS DTCs are retrieved, the system is OK. The concern may have been
caused by interference from another object.
B3 INSTALL A NEW PATS TRANSCEIVER
Key in OFF position.
Install a new PATS transceiver. Refer to Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) Transceiver.
Key in ON position.
Clear the PCM DTCs.
Key in OFF position.
Key in ON position.
Retrieve the PCM DTCs.
Is DTC B1600 retrieved?
YES : Go to B4.
NO : The system is OK.
B4 CHECK FOR CORRECT PCM OPERATION
keys. Unapproved PATS keys do not always operate correctly over various
temperature ranges. (PATS keys from Ford, Rotunda, Strattec, or HUF are
approved Ford PATS keys.)
NOTE: Replacement of the PATS transceiver does not require the PATS keys to
be programmed into the PCM again.
NOTE: Do not use the PATS key that may have been programmed in Step B2.

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Disconnect all the PCM connectors.
Check for:
corrosion
damaged pins
pushed-out pins
Connect all the PCM connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
Is the concern still present?
YES : INSTALL a new PCM. REFER to ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS article.
PROGRAM the PATS keys into the PCM. REFER to Key Programming Using Diagnostic
Equipment. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by a loose
or corroded connector. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
Pinpoint Test C: DTC B1601 - PATS Received Incorrect Key-Code From Ignition Key Transponder
Normal Operation
During each vehicle start sequence, the passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver reads the PATS key
identification code and sends the data to the PCM.
DTC B1601 (PATS Received Incorrect Key-Code From Ignition Key Transponder) - sets when there is
an unprogrammed PATS key. There is no issue with the PATS key itself, but the key must be
programmed into the PATS memory (unless the maximum number of keys are already programmed).
This pinpoint test is intended to diagnose the following:
PATS key
PCM
PINPOINT TEST C: DTC B1601 - PATS RECEIVED INCORRECT KEY-CODE FROM IGNITION KEY TRANSPONDER
NOTE: When a new PCM is installed, the PATS keys must be programmed into the
PCM.
NOTE: Large metallic objects, electronic devices on the key ring that can be used to
purchase gasoline or similar items, or a second key on the same key ring as the
PATS key may cause a vehicle starting concern and record DTCs under certain
conditions. If a fault cannot be identified, examine the customer key ring for
such objects or devices. If present, inform the customer that they need to keep
these objects from touching the PATS key while starting the engine. These
objects and devices cannot damage the PATS key, but can cause a momentary
concern if they are too close to the key during engine start. If a concern occurs,
turn the ignition switch off and restart the engine with all other objects on the

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C1 RETRIEVE THE DTCs
If only one key is available, cut a new key and program the keys. Refer to Key Programming
Using Diagnostic Equipment.
If both keys are available, program the keys. Refer to Key Programming Using Diagnostic
Equipment.
Key in ON position.
Clear the PCM DTCs.
Key in OFF position.
Key in ON position.
Retrieve the PCM DTCs.
Is DTC B1601 retrieved for one or both PATS keys?
YES : If DTC B1601 is retrieved for one PATS key, REPLACE that key and PROGRAM all the
keys. REFER to Key Programming Using Diagnostic Equipment. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE
the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
If DTC B1601 is retrieved for both PATS keys, go to C2.
NO : The system is OK. CHECK all the customer PATS keys by attempting to start the vehicle
with each key to VERIFY all the other PATS keys are programmed.
C2 CHECK FOR CORRECT PCM OPERATION
Disconnect all the PCM connectors.
Check for:
corrosion
damaged pins
key ring held away from the ignition key. Check to make sure the PATS key
used by the customer is an approved Ford PATS key. (PATS keys from Ford,
Rotunda, Strattec, or HUF are approved Ford PATS keys.)
NOTE: Only 8 PATS keys can be programmed into the PCM using the Key
Programming Using Diagnostic Equipment procedure unless the unlimited key
mode is active. If the N_KEYCODE (number of keys programmed) PID reads
more than 2, the concern may be the PATS key being used is an unprogrammed
key. Verify this by also viewing the MASTERKEY (verifies if the key is
programmed) PID. It must read PRESNT for the key to be valid.
NOTE: Follow this procedure using both PATS keys (using one at a time).
NOTE: When a new PCM is installed, the PATS keys must be programmed into the
PCM.

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pushed-out pins
Connect all the PCM connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
Is the concern still present?
YES : INSTALL a new PCM. REFER to ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS article.
PROGRAM the PATS keys into the PCM. REFER to Key Programming Using Diagnostic
Equipment. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by a loose
or corroded connector. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
Pinpoint Test D: DTC B1602 - PATS Received Invalid Format Of Key-Code From Ignition Key Transponder
Normal Operation
During each vehicle start sequence, the passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver reads the PATS key
identification code and sends the data to the PCM.
DTC B1602 (PATS Received Invalid Format of Key-Code From Ignition Key Transponder) - sets when
only a partial PATS key was read. Remote starter equipment can also cause this DTC.
This pinpoint test is intended to diagnose the following:
PATS key
PATS transceiver
PCM
PINPOINT TEST D: DTC B1602 - PATS RECEIVED INVALID FORMAT OF KEY-CODE FROM IGNITION KEY
TRANSPONDER
NOTE: Large metallic objects, electronic devices on the key ring that can be used to
purchase gasoline or similar items, or a second key on the same key ring as the
PATS key may cause a vehicle starting concern and record DTCs under certain
conditions. If a fault cannot be identified, examine the customer key ring for
such objects or devices. If present, inform the customer that they need to keep
these objects from touching the PATS key while starting the engine. These
objects and devices cannot damage the PATS key, but can cause a momentary
concern if they are too close to the key during engine start. If a concern occurs,
turn the ignition off and restart the engine with all other objects on the key ring
held away from the ignition key. Check to make sure the PATS key used by the
customer is an approved Ford PATS key. (PATS keys from Ford, Rotunda,
Strattec, or HUF are approved Ford PATS keys.)
NOTE: Only 8 PATS keys can be programmed into the PCM using the Key
Programming Using Diagnostic Equipment procedure unless the unlimited key
mode is active. If the N_KEYCODE (number of keys programmed) PID reads

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D1 RETRIEVE THE DTCs
If only one key is available, cut a new key and program the keys. Refer to Key Programming
Using Diagnostic Equipment.
Key in ON position.
Clear the PCM DTCs.
Key in OFF position.
Key in ON position.
Retrieve the PCM DTCs.
Is DTC B1602 retrieved for one or both PATS keys?
YES : If DTC B1602 is retrieved for one key, REPLACE that key and PROGRAM the new key.
REFER to Spare Key Programming - Using Diagnostic Equipment. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE
the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
If DTC B1602 is retrieved for both PATS keys, go to D2.
NO : The system is OK. CHECK all the customer PATS keys by attempting to start the vehicle
with each key to VERIFY all the other PATS keys are programmed. The concern may have been
caused by interference from another object.
D2 INSTALL A NEW PATS TRANSCEIVER
Key in OFF position.
Install a new PATS transceiver. Refer to Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) Transceiver.
Key in ON position.
Clear the PCM DTCs.
Key in OFF position.
Key in ON position.
Retrieve the PCM DTCs.
Are any PATS DTCs retrieved?
YES : Go to D3.
NO : The system is OK. CHECK all the customer PATS keys by attempting to start the vehicle
with each key to VERIFY all the other PATS keys are programmed.
more than 2, the concern may be the PATS key being used is an unprogrammed
key. Verify this by also viewing the MASTERKEY (master key) PID. It must read
PRESNT for the key to be valid.
NOTE: Follow this procedure using both PATS keys (using one at a time).
NOTE: Replacement of the PATS transceiver does not require the PATS keys to
be programmed into the PCM again.

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D3 CHECK FOR CORRECT PCM OPERATION
Disconnect all the PCM connectors.
Check for:
corrosion
damaged pins
pushed-out pins
Connect all the PCM connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
Is the concern still present?
YES : INSTALL a new PCM. REFER to ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS article.
PROGRAM the PATS keys into the PCM. REFER to Key Programming Using Diagnostic
Equipment. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by a loose
or corroded connector. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
Pinpoint Test E: DTC B1681 - PATS Transceiver Module Signal Is Not Received
Refer to SYSTEM WIRING DIAGRAMS - F150 , Passive Anti-Theft System for schematic and connector
information.
Normal Operation
The passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver receives voltage from the central junction box (CJ B) fuse 28
(5A) on circuit 1266 (RD/YE) and is grounded on circuit 875 (BK/LB). The PATS transceiver and the PCM
communicate on circuits 1215 (WH/LG) and 1216 (GY/OG). The PCM compares the key code stored in
memory and enables the starter if the key code is correct.
DTC B1681 (PATS Transceiver Module Signal Is Not Received) - sets when the PATS transceiver signal
is not received by the PCM. This DTC can be caused by circuits to the PATS transceiver, circuits
between the PATS transceiver and the PCM, the PATS transceiver or the PCM. This can also be caused
by using the incorrect PATS transceiver part number.
This pinpoint test is intended to diagnose the following:
Fuse
Wiring, terminals or connectors
PATS transceiver
PCM
PINPOINT TEST E: DTC B1681- PATS TRANSCEIVER MODULE SIGNAL IS NOT RECEIVED
NOTE: When a new PCM is installed, the PATS keys must be programmed into the
PCM.

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E1 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER POWER CIRCUIT 1266 (RD/YE) FOR VOLTAGE
Key in OFF position.
Disconnect: PATS Transceiver C252
Key in ON position.
Fig. 1: Checking PATS Transceiver Ground Circuit 875 (BK/LB) For Open
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the voltage between the PATS transceiver C252-1, circuit 1266 (RD/YE), harness side
and ground.
Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
YES : Go to E2.
NO : VERIFY the CJ B fuse 28 (5A) is OK. If OK, REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs.
CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
E2 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER GROUND CIRCUIT 875 (BK/LB) FOR AN OPEN
Key in OFF position.
Fig. 2: Checking PATS Transceiver Ground Circuit 875 (BK/LB) For Open
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the resistance between the PATS transceiver C252-2, circuit 875 (BK/LB), harness side
CAUTION: Use the correct probe adapter(s) when making measurements. Failure to
use the correct probe adapter(s) may damage the connector.

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and ground.
Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
YES : Go to E3.
NO : REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
E3 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER RECEIVE CIRCUIT 1216 (GY/OG) FOR VOLTAGE
Connect: PATS Transceiver C252
Key in ON position.
Fig. 3: Checking PATS Transceiver Receive Circuit 1216 (GY/OG) For Voltage
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the voltage by backprobing between the PATS transceiver C252-4, circuit 1216 (GY/OG),
harness side and ground.
Is the voltage greater than 8 volts?
YES : Go to E6.
NO : Go to E4.
E4 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER RECEIVE CIRCUIT 1216 (GY/OG) FOR A SHORT TO
GROUND
Key in OFF position.
Disconnect: PCM C175B
Disconnect: PATS Transceiver C252
Fig. 4: Checking PATS Transceiver Receive Circuit 1216 (GY/OG) For Short To Ground
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

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Measure the resistance between the PATS transceiver C252-4, circuit 1216 (GY/OG), harness side
and ground.
Is the resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
YES : Go to E5.
NO : REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
If DTC B1681 is retrieved again, go to E12.
E5 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER RECEIVE CIRCUIT 1216 (GY/OG) FOR AN OPEN
Fig. 5: Checking PATS Transceiver Receive Circuit 1216 (GY/OG) For Open
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the resistance between the PATS transceiver C252-4, circuit 1216 (GY/OG), harness side
and the PCM C175B-37, circuit 1216 (GY/OG), harness side.
Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
YES : Go to E12.
NO : REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
E6 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER TRANSMIT CIRCUIT 1215 (WH/LG) FOR VOLTAGE
Fig. 6: Checking PATS Transceiver Transmit Circuit 1215 (WH/LG) For Voltage
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
NOTE: Replacement of the PATS transceiver does not require the PATS keys to
be programmed into the PCM again.

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Measure the voltage by backprobing between the PATS transceiver C252-3, circuit 1215 (WH/LG),
harness side and ground.
Is the voltage greater than 8 volts?
YES : INSTALL a new PATS transceiver. REFER to Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS)
Transceiver. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
If DTC B1681 is retrieved again, go to E12.
NO : Go to E7.
E7 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER TRANSMIT CIRCUIT 1215 (WH/LG) FOR A SHORT
TO GROUND WITH THE PATS TRANSCEIVER CONNECTED
Key in OFF position.
Disconnect: PCM C175B
Fig. 7: Checking PATS Transceiver Transmit Circuit 1215 (WH/LG) For Short To Ground
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the resistance between the PCM C175B-36, circuit 1215 (WH/LG), harness side and
ground.
Is the resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
YES : Go to E9.
NO : Go to E8.
E8 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER TRANSMIT CIRCUIT 1215 (WH/LG) FOR A SHORT
TO GROUND WITH THE PATS TRANSCEIVER DISCONNECTED
Disconnect: PATS Transceiver C252
NOTE: Replacement of the PATS transceiver does not require the PATS keys to
be programmed into the PCM again.

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Fig. 8: Checking PATS Transceiver Transmit Circuit 1215 (WH/LG) For Short To Ground
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the resistance between the PCM C175B-36, circuit 1215 (WH/LG), harness side and
ground.
Is the resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
YES : INSTALL a new PATS transceiver. REFER to Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS)
Transceiver. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
E9 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER TRANSMIT CIRCUIT 1215 (WH/LG) FOR AN OPEN
Disconnect: PATS Transceiver C252
Fig. 9: Checking PATS Transceiver Transmit Circuit 1215 (WH/LG) For Open
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the resistance between the PATS transceiver C252-3, circuit 1215 (WH/LG), harness side,
and the PCM C175B-36, circuit 1215 (WH/LG), harness side.
Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
YES : Go to E10.
NO : REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
E10 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER TRANSMIT CIRCUIT 1215 (WH/LG) FOR
VOLTAGE
NOTE: Replacement of the PATS transceiver does not require the PATS keys to
be programmed into the PCM again.

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Connect: PATS Transceiver C252
Connect: PCM C175B
Key in ON position.
Enter the following diagnostic mode on the diagnostic tool: PCM DataLogger
Trigger the active command TRANSMIT to ON.
Fig. 10: Checking PATS Transceiver Transmit Circuit 1215 (WH/LG) For Voltage
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the voltage by backprobing between the PATS transceiver C252-3, circuit 1215 (WH/LG),
harness side and ground.
Is the voltage less than 5 volts?
YES : INSTALL a new PATS transceiver. REFER to Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS)
Transceiver. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : Go to E11.
E11 CHECK THE PATS TRANSCEIVER TRANSMIT CIRCUIT 1215 (WH/LG) FOR A SHORT
TO VOLTAGE
Key in OFF position.
Disconnect: PCM C175B
Disconnect: PATS Transceiver C252
Key in ON position.
Fig. 11: Checking PATS Transceiver Transmit Circuit 1215 (WH/LG) For Short To Voltage
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.

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Measure the voltage between the PATS transceiver C252-3, circuit 1215 (WH/LG), harness side
and ground.
Is any voltage indicated?
YES : REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : Go to E12.
E12 CHECK FOR CORRECT PCM OPERATION
Disconnect all the PCM connectors.
Check for:
corrosion
damaged pins
pushed-out pins
Connect all the PCM connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
Is the concern still present?
YES : INSTALL a new PCM. REFER to ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS article.
PROGRAM the PATS keys into the PCM. REFER to Key Programming Using Diagnostic
Equipment. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by a loose
or corroded connector. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
Pinpoint Test F: The Anti-Theft Indicator Is Always/Never On - Vehicle Starts Normally
Normal Operation
The passive anti-theft system (PATS) uses an anti-theft indicator located in the light sensor. This anti-theft
indicator proves out for 3 seconds when the key is turned to ON or START. If there is a PATS issue, this
indicator either flashes rapidly or glows steadily (for more than 3 seconds) when the key is turned to ON or
START. PATS also flashes the anti-theft indicator every 2 seconds at key OFF to act as a visual theft deterrent.
This pinpoint test is intended to diagnose the following:
Fuse
Wiring, terminals or connectors
Anti-theft indicator (part of the light sensor)
PCM
PINPOINT TEST F: THE ANTI-THEFT INDICATOR IS ALWAYS/NEVER ON - VEHICLE STARTS NORMALLY
NOTE: When a new PCM is installed, the PATS keys must be programmed into the
PCM.

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F1 CHECK FOR THE CORRECT ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM OPERATION
Key in ON position.
Is the anti-theft indicator always on and the vehicle starts normally?
YES : Go to F2.
NO : Go to F3.
F2 CHECK CIRCUIT 1269 (OG/RD) FOR A SHORT TO GROUND
Key in OFF position.
Disconnect: Light Sensor C286
Disconnect: PCM C175B
Fig. 12: Checking Circuit For Short To Ground
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the resistance between the light sensor C286-4, circuit 1269 (OG/RD), harness side and
ground.
Is the resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
YES : Go to F6.
NO : REPAIR the circuit. TEST the system for normal operation.
CAUTION: Use the correct probe adapter(s) when making measurements. Failure to
use the correct probe adapter(s) may damage the connector.
NOTE: Large metallic objects, electronic devices on the key ring that can be used to
purchase gasoline or similar items, or a second key on the same key ring as the
PATS key may cause a vehicle starting concern and record DTCs under certain
conditions. If a fault cannot be identified, examine the customer key ring for
such objects or devices. If present, inform the customer that they need to keep
these objects from touching the PATS key while starting the engine. These
objects and devices cannot damage the PATS key, but can cause a momentary
concern if they are too close to the key during engine start. If a concern occurs,
turn the ignition off and restart the engine with all other objects on the key ring
held away from the ignition key. Check to make sure the PATS key used by the
customer is an approved Ford PATS key. (PATS keys from Ford, Rotunda,
Strattec, or HUF are approved Ford PATS keys.)

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F3 CHECK THE ANTI-THEFT INDICATOR
Key in OFF position.
Disconnect: PCM C175B
Fig. 13: Checking Anti-Theft Indicator
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Connect a fused (5A) jumper wire between the PCM C175B-35, circuit 1269 (OG/RD), harness
side and ground.
Does the anti-theft indicator illuminate?
YES : REMOVE the fused jumper wire. Go to F6.
NO : REMOVE the fused jumper wire. Go to F4.
F4 CHECK THE ANTI-THEFT INDICATOR CIRCUIT 729 (RD/WH) FOR VOLTAGE
Disconnect: Light Sensor C286
Fig. 14: Checking Anti-Theft Indicator Circuit 729 (RD/WH) For Voltage
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the voltage between the light sensor C286-3, circuit 729 (RD/WH), harness side and
ground.
Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
YES : Go to F5.
NO : VERIFY the central junction box (CJ B) fuse 5 (7.5A) is OK. If OK, REPAIR the circuit.
TEST the system for normal operation.
F5 CHECK CIRCUIT 1269 (OG/RD) FOR AN OPEN

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Fig. 15: Checking Circuit 1269 (OG/RD) For Open
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
Measure the resistance between the PCM C175B-35, circuit 1269 (OG/RD), harness side and the
light sensor C286-4, circuit 1269 (OG/RD), harness side.
Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
YES : INSTALL a new light sensor. REFER to EXTERIOR LIGHTING article. TEST the
system for normal operation.
NO : REPAIR the circuit. TEST the system for normal operation.
F6 CHECK FOR CORRECT PCM OPERATION
Disconnect all the PCM connectors.
Check for:
corrosion
damaged pins
pushed-out pins
Connect all the PCM connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
Is the concern still present?
YES : INSTALL a new PCM. REFER to ELECTRONIC ENGINE CONTROLS article.
PROGRAM the PATS keys into the PCM. REFER to Key Programming Using Diagnostic
Equipment. REPEAT the self-test.
NO : The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by a loose
or corroded connector. CLEAR the DTCs. CYCLE the ignition. REPEAT the self-test.
GENERAL PROCEDURES
KEY PROGRAMMING USING DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT
Special Tools
NOTE: When a new PCM is installed, the PATS keys must be programmed into the
PCM.

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1. Turn the key from the OFF position to the ON position.
2. From the scan tool, enter TOOLBOX. Select BODY-SECURITY-PATS Functions and follow the on-
screen instructions to ENTER SECURITY ACCESS. For additional information, refer to Anti-Theft
Security Access.
3. From the scan tool menu select "Ignition Key Code Erase" and press the tick mark.
4. Turn the key to the OFF position and disconnect the scan tool.
5. Insert the 1st PATS key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key to the ON position for 3 seconds.
6. Turn the 1st PATS key to the OFF position and remove the key from the ignition lock cylinder.
7. Insert the next PATS key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key to the ON position for 3 seconds.
Illustration Tool Name Tool Number
Vehicle Communication Module
(VCM) and Integrated Diagnostic
System (IDS) software with
appropriate hardware, or equivalent
scan tool

NOTE: This procedure is used when a customer needs keys programmed into the
system and does not have 2 programmed ignition keys available. This
procedure is also useful when a programmed ignition key(s) is lost or the
ignition lock cylinder is replaced, and it is desired to erase key code(s) from the
passive anti-theft system (PATS) memory.
NOTE: This procedure erases all programmed ignition keys from the vehicle memory.
The vehicle will not start until a minimum of 2 keys are programmed into the
PCM.
NOTE: A minimum of 2 PATS keys must be programmed into the PCM before the
vehicle will start.
NOTE: Two PATS encoded (contains a transponder) keys with the correct mechanical
cut must be available to carry out this procedure. One or both of them may be
the customer's original keys.
NOTE: If additional keys are to be programmed, refer to Key Programming Using Two
Programmed Keys. If the remaining keys are with the customer and are not
available with the vehicle, instruct the customer to refer to the Owner's
Literature for instructions on programming the remaining keys. In either case,
the SPAREKEY PID must be enabled.
NOTE: This procedure is not necessary if only the PATS transceiver was replaced.
Replacement of the transceiver does not erase the PATS key codes in the PCM.

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8. The vehicle should now start with both PATS ignition keys.
9. If it is desired to program additional key(s) (only up to 8 keys total can be programmed into the PCM),
refer to Key Programming Using Two Programmed Keys.
KEY PROGRAMMING USING TWO PROGRAMMED KEYS
NOTE: This procedure works only if 2 or more programmed ignition keys are available.
If 2 programmed keys are not available, refer to Key Programming Using
Diagnostic Equipment.
NOTE: The SPAREKEY PID must be enabled for this procedure to operate. If this PID is
not enabled, refer to Key Programming Switch State Control, then select
SPAREKEY programming switch ENABLED. The SPAREKEY PID is set to
ENABLE when the vehicle is built.
NOTE: If the programming procedure is successful, the new key(s) will start the vehicle
and the anti-theft indicator will prove-out for approximately 3 seconds. If the
programming procedure is not successful and the new key(s) does not start the
engine, leave the key in the ON position for at least 3 seconds, then turn the key
off. Repeat the key programming procedure from Step 1. If the failure repeats,
refer to Anti-Theft to review the DTCs and carry out the appropriate pinpoint
tests.
NOTE: A maximum of 8 passive anti-theft system (PATS) keys can be programmed into
the PCM during this programming procedure, but only if the SPAREKEY PID is
ENABLED.
NOTE: A minimum of 2 PATS keys must be programmed into the PCM before the
vehicle will start.
NOTE: If the vehicle is in unlimited key mode, this spare key programming procedure
still functions. Any 2 keys that can start the vehicle can be used to program an
additional unlimited key.
NOTE: If additional keys are to be programmed, and the remaining keys are with the
customer, or are not available, instruct the customer to refer to the Owner's
Literature for instructions on programming the remaining keys. In either case,
the SPAREKEY PID must be enabled.
NOTE: If the steps are not carried out as outlined, the programming procedure will end.
NOTE: Ignition keys must have a correct mechanical key cut for the vehicle and must
be PATS encoded keys (contain a transponder).

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1. Insert the 1st programmed key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key from the OFF position to
the ON position (maintain the key in the ON position for a minimum of 3 seconds and less than 10
seconds).
2. Turn the key to the OFF position and remove the 1st key from the ignition lock cylinder.
3. Within 5 seconds of turning the key to the OFF position, insert the 2nd programmed key into the ignition
lock cylinder and turn the key from the OFF position to the ON position (maintain the key in the ON
position for a minimum of 3 seconds and less than 10 seconds).
4. Turn the 2nd key to the OFF position and remove the key from the ignition lock cylinder.
5. Within 10 seconds of turning the key to the OFF position, insert the unprogrammed key (the new key)
into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key from the OFF position to the ON position (maintain the
key in the ON position for a minimum of 3 seconds and less than 10 seconds).
6. If it is desired to program additional key(s) (only up to 8 keys total can be programmed into the PCM),
repeat Steps 1 - 5 for each additional key that needs to be programmed.
7. Start the vehicle with the new key(s).
ANTI-THEFT SECURITY ACCESS
Special Tools
NOTE: This procedure is not necessary if only the PATS transceiver was replaced.
Replacement of the transceiver does not erase the PATS key codes in the PCM.
Illustration Tool Name Tool Number
Vehicle Communication Module
(VCM) and Integrated Diagnostic
System (IDS) software with
appropriate hardware, or equivalent
scan tool

NOTE: The anti-theft security access procedure is used to obtain passive anti-theft
system (PATS) security access. PATS security access must be granted to erase
ignition key codes, program ignition key codes, enable/disable unlimited key
mode, set unlimited transponder key ID and enable/disable the spare key
programming switch (SPAREKEY PID). The anti-theft security access procedure
invokes a 10-minute time delay prior to granting security access during which
the scan tool must remain connected to the vehicle. Once security access is
granted, a security access command menu is displayed, which offers various
command options.
NOTE: Once security access has been granted, multiple security access commands
should be executed (if necessary) prior to exiting the command menu. This
avoids an additional security access procedure and the associated 10 minute
time delay.

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1. Turn the PATS key from the OFF position to the ON position.
2. From the scan tool, enter TOOLBOX. Select BODY-SECURITY-PATS Functions, and follow the on-
screen instructions to ENTER SECURITY ACCESS. This procedure takes approximately 10 minutes to
carry out, during which time the ignition switch must be in the ON position and the scan tool must be
connected to the vehicle.
3. After the 10-minute security access procedure is completed, click on the tick mark and a new menu is
displayed with command options. Select only those functions required before exiting out of this menu. Do
not select more functions than the procedure calls for. Once exited out of this menu, the security access
procedure must be repeated again to carry out additional commands.
KEY PROGRAMMING SWITCH STATE CONTROL
Special Tools
1. Insert a programmed passive anti-theft system (PATS) key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key
from the OFF position to the ON position.
2. From the scan tool, enter TOOLBOX. Select BODY-SECURITY-PATS Functions and follow the on-
Illustration Tool Name Tool Number
Vehicle Communication Module
(VCM) and Integrated Diagnostic
System (IDS) software with
appropriate hardware, or equivalent
scan tool

NOTE: The spare key programming switch is a programmable switch which provides
the capability to enable/disable the normal customer spare key programming
procedure detailed in the Owner's Literature. It must read ENABLED if more
than 2 keys need to be programmed into the PCM. For additional information,
refer to Key Programming Using Two Programmed Keys. This programmable
switch is provided as a convenience for rental company fleets or other fleet
purchasers who may not want the Spare Key Programming procedure available
to the vehicle driver.
NOTE: The spare key programming switch state can be viewed with the PCM
SPAREKEY PID.
NOTE: If the SPAREKEY PID reads ENABLED, up to 8 keys total can be programmed
into the PCM. For additi onal information, refer to Key Programming Using Two
Programmed Keys. If the SPAREKEY PID reads DISABLED, the Key
Programming Using Two Programmed Keys procedure will not function. This
switch is set to ENABLED when the vehicle is built. This PID does not affect the
Key Programming Using Diagnostic Equipment procedure or the Spare Key
Programming - Unlimited Key Mode procedure or the Spare Key Programming -
Using Diagnostic Equipment procedure.

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screen instructions to ENTER SECURITY ACCESS. For additional information, refer to Anti-Theft
Security Access.
3. From the scan tool menu select: "Customer Spare Key Programming Enable" (or "Customer Spare Key
Programming Disable") and press the tick mark.
"Customer Spare Key Programming Enable" - spare key programming procedure is accessible.
"Customer Spare Key Programming Disable" - spare key programming procedure is not accessible.
SPARE KEY PROGRAMMING - USING DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT
Special Tools
1. Turn the unprogrammed PATS key from the OFF position to the ON position.
2. From the scan tool, enter TOOLBOX. Select BODY-SECURITY-PATS Functions and follow the on-
screen instructions to ENTER SECURITY ACCESS. For additional information, refer to Anti-Theft
Security Access.
NOTE: The default setting on delivery of all new vehicles is ENABLED.
Illustration Tool Name Tool Number
Vehicle Communication Module
(VCM) and Integrated Diagnostic
System (IDS) software with
appropriate hardware, or equivalent
scan tool

NOTE: This procedure is used when a customer needs to have an additional key
programmed into the vehicle without erasing stored key codes, but does not
have 2 programmed keys available. This procedure is also useful when
attempting to determine if an ignition key is defective, as a new key can be
installed without erasing keys or without having 2 programmed keys available.
NOTE: Before programming, the new key must have the correct mechanical cut for the
ignition lock cylinder.
NOTE: If 8 keys are already programmed, this procedure does not allow any more
ignition keys to be programmed. The number of keys that are programmed into
the passive anti-theft system (PATS) can be determined by viewing the PCM
N_KEYCODE PID.
NOTE: Make sure the selection made is " PROGRAM" (Program additional ignition
key). If the " ERASE" (Ignition Key Code Erase) selection is made, all of the
keys will be erased from the system.

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Microsoft
Sunday, November 08, 2009 1:00:46 PM Page 30 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
3. From the scan tool menu select "Program additional ignition key" and press the tick mark.
4. Turn the key to the OFF position and disconnect the scan tool.
5. Start the vehicle with the new PATS key. The vehicle will now start with the new PATS key and also
with the original PATS keys.
SPARE KEY PROGRAMMING - UNLIMITED KEY MODE
Special Tools
Enabling Unlimited Key Mode
1. The customer must choose an 8-digit number (except for 00000000 or 00000001) to be programmed into
all of their vehicles keys (or, to all of the keys they want programmed to one vehicle). All customer
vehicles keys (or all keys for one vehicle) need to use the same number. Valid digits are 0-9 and the
letters A-F.
2. Monitor the PID UNL_KEY_ID and compare its value against the code chosen in Step 1. It should not be
the same key code.
3. From the scan tool, enter TOOLBOX. Select BODY-SECURITY-PATS Functions and follow the on-
screen instructions to ENTER SECURITY ACCESS. For additional information, refer to Anti-Theft
Security Access.
Illustration Tool Name Tool Number
Vehicle Communication Module
(VCM) and Integrated Diagnostic
System (IDS) software with
appropriate hardware, or equivalent
scan tool

NOTE: Unlimited key mode is intended for use by those customers who need more
than 8 keys for their vehicle.
NOTE: Before programming, the new key(s) must have the correct mechanical cut for
the ignition lock cylinder.
NOTE: The unlimited key mode is set up by creating a special, unique unlimited
transponder security key code and programming this key code into all of the
vehicle keys so they contain the same key code.
NOTE: If the PID UNL_KEY_ID is not available, unlimited key mode is turned on,
and must be turned off before viewing the stored code. At this time,
unlimited keys may be programmed to the vehicle. To view/change the
stored code, follow the procedure for disabling the unlimited key mode
below.

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4. Once in security access, select "program unlimited key code" and press the tick mark. Enter the 8-digit
code chosen by the customer in Step 1 of this procedure and press the tick mark.
5. Select "unlimited key mode ON" and press the tick mark.
6. Select "Ignition Key Code Erase" and press the tick mark.
7. Disconnect the scan tool and turn the ignition switch to OFF.
8. Insert the first PATS key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key to the ON position for 3 seconds.
9. Turn the first PATS key to the OFF position and remove the key from the ignition lock cylinder.
10. Insert the next PATS key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key to the ON position for 3 seconds.
11. If it is desired to program an additional key(s), refer to Key Programming Using Two Programmed
Keys for each additional key that needs to be programmed.
Disabling Unlimited Key Mode
1. From the scan tool, enter TOOLBOX. Select BODY-SECURITY-PATS Functions and follow the on-
screen instructions to ENTER SECURITY ACCESS. For additional information, refer to Anti-Theft
Security Access.
2. Select "unlimited key mode OFF" and press the tick mark.
3. Select "Ignition Key Code Erase" and press the tick mark.
4. Disconnect the scan tool and turn the ignition switch to OFF.
5. Insert the first PATS key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key to the ON position for 3 seconds.
6. Turn the first PATS key to the OFF position and remove the key from the ignition lock cylinder.
7. Insert the next PATS key into the ignition lock cylinder and turn the key to the ON position for 3 seconds.
8. If it is desired to program an additional key(s), refer to Key Programming Using Two Programmed
Keys for each additional key that needs to be programmed. The SPAREKEY PID must be enabled.
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
PASSIVE ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM (PATS) TRANSCEIVER
NOTE: By disabling the unlimited key mode, the previous access code no longer
operates the vehicle.
NOTE: With the unlimited key mode turned off, a maximum of 8 keys can be
programmed into the PCM using the Key Programming Using Two
Programmed Keys procedure. The PID SPAREKEY must be enabled.

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2008 ACCESSORIES & BODY, CAB Anti-Theft - Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) - F-150 & Mark LT
Microsoft
Sunday, November 08, 2009 1:00:46 PM Page 32 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
Fig. 16: Exploded View Of Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) Transceiver
Courtesy of FORD MOTOR CO.
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION
Item Part Number Description
1 504041 Steering column shroud bolts (2 required)
2 3K512 Steering column shroud, lower
3 - Ignition lock cylinder cover
4 14401 Passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver electrical connector
(part of 14401)
5 W707658 PATS transceiver screw
6 15607 PATS transceiver

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2008 ACCESSORIES & BODY, CAB Anti-Theft - Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) - F-150 & Mark LT
Microsoft
Sunday, November 08, 2009 1:00:46 PM Page 33 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.
1. Remove the steering wheel. For additional information, refer to STEERING COLUMN article.
2. Remove the 2 bolts and the lower steering column shroud.
3. Remove the ignition lock cylinder cover.
4. Disconnect the passive anti-theft system (PATS) transceiver electrical connector.
5. Remove the screw and the PATS transceiver.
6. To install, reverse the removal procedure.
NOTE: Vehicles with a steering column shift are shown; the floor console shift is
similar.
NOTE: Replacement of the PATS transceiver does not require the PATS keys to
be programmed into the PCM again.

2008 Lincoln Mark LT
2008 ACCESSORIES & BODY, CAB Anti-Theft - Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) - F-150 & Mark LT
Microsoft
Sunday, November 08, 2009 1:00:46 PM Page 34 2005 Mitchell Repair Information Company, LLC.