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MCU-FDT Medical Foundation

Department of Microbiology and Parasitology


College of Medicine
1. Bacteria which require organic form of carbon for growth and requires light for
their source of energy are classified as: ( Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed., p. !"
#. $hotoorganotrophs %. %hemoautotrophs
B. $hotolautotrophs &. %hemolithotrophs
M$' ( ).*
*. &oubling time of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is+ (,ssentials of Medical
Microbiology,
th
ed., !-)"
#. 1 . * hours %. 1) . 1* hours
B. . 1) hours &. 1 . *) hours
M$' ( ).*
-. /he %0M group of bacteria include the following ,1%,$/: (Zinsser
Microbiology, 19
th
ed., p. 21"
#. Mycobacterium %. %lostridium
B. 0ocardia &. %orynebacterium
M$' ( ).
!. /he bioacti3e center of the lipopolysaccharide of gram(negati3e bacteria reside in
this region: (Zinsser Microbiology , 19th ed, p. 2!"
#. 4 %. 444
B. 44 &. 45
M$' ( ).*
. 6erologic specificity of the '$6 reside in this region: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19th
ed, p. 2!
#. 4 %. 444
B. 44 &. 45
M$' ( ).*
7. &e3elopment of spores by Bacillus anthracis occurs during this phase in its
growth cycle:
#. 'ag phase %. 6tationary phase
B. 'og phase &. &ecline phase
M$' ( ).
8. /his is a process of e9change of genetic information wherein a bacterial 3irus
ser3es as a 3ector for gene transmission: : (Zinsser Microbiology, 19th ed p. 1-7"
#. /ransformation %. /ransfection
B. /ransduction &. %on:ugation
M$' ( ).
2. /his process is the ma:or mechanism transfer of drug resistance which can
occur between unrelated genera: (,ssentials of Medical Microbiology,
th
ed.,
*98"
#. /ransformation %. /ransfection
B. /ransduction &. %on:ugation
M$' ( ).
9. /he phosphoribosylribitol phosphate capsule plays the critical role in the
pathogenesis of in3asi3e disease caused by this organism: (Zinsser
Microbiology, 19th ed p. !7"
#. 6treptococcus pneumoniae %. ;lebsiella pneumoniae
B. <aemophilus influen=ae &. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
M$' ( ).--
1). Martin, * years old, was admitted for difficulty of breathing and actib3e measles.
%hest 1(ray re3ealed the presence of pneumonia with pleural effusion.
&iagnostic tap re3ealed purulent material which was cultured in B#$. %olonies
showed >(hemolytic colonies and ?ram staining showed gram(positi3e cocci in
clusters. %atalase test was positi3e. @hat is the most liAely causati3e agentB
(Zinsser Microbioology, 19th ed p. !)* and !1*"
#. 6treptococcus pneumoniae %. <aemophilus influen=ae
B. ;lebsiella pneumoniae &. 6taphylococcus aureus
M$' ( 1.))
11. Cinyin, *! years old, was admitted because of diarrhea after eating oysters. /he
organism isolated is a gram(negati3e bacillus which grew best at p< of 8.7 to 9.).
4t is o9idase positi3e. @hat is the most liAely agentB (Zinsser Microbiology, 19th
ed p.8)"
#. 6higella dysenteriae %. ,scherichia coli
B. 5ibrio parahemolyticus &. 6almonella typhi
M$' ( 1.))
1*. 6ophia, ! years old, consulted because of multiple nodular lesions on her face
earlobes and wrists. 6Ain slit smear of the nodule on the earlobe showed
numerous acid fast bacilli (DDDDD". @hat is the most liAely classification of this
patientB (Zinsser Microbiology, 19th ed p.12"
#. 'epromatous leprosy %. Borderline leprosy
B. 4ndeterminate leprosy &. /uberculoid leprosy
M$' ( 1.))
1-. &iana, * weeAs old, was admitted because of sei=ure. %6E e9amination showed
pleocytosis, increased protein and decreased sugar. /he colonies isolated in
B#$ were >(hemolytic. (Zinsser Microbiology, 19th ed. p !*7 . !*8"
#. 6treptococcus pneumoniae %. 6treptococcus agalactiae
B. 6taphylococcyus aureus &. 6taphylococcus epidermidis
M$' ( ).
1!. Ered, -9 years old, consulted because of chronic cough of one month. 6putum
culture was requested. /he colonies were first obser3ed after two weeAs of
incubation. /he colonies were described as rough, dry and buff colored. @hat is
the most liAely causati3e agentB (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. !99
#. Mycobacterium tuberculosis %. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
B. 6treptococcus pneumoniae &. <aemophilus influen=ae
M$' ( ).
1!. Fodie, 1) years old, was admitted with admitting diagnosis of bacterial
endocarditis. Blood culture in B#$ grew colonies with partial hemolysis. ?ram
staining of the growth re3ealed gram(positi3e cocci. Gptochin and bile solubility
tests were negati3e. @hat is the most liAely causati3e agentB (Fawet= Medical
Microbiology, *-
th
ed, p. *-7"
#. 6taphylococcus aureus %. 5iridans streptococcus
B. 6treptococcus pneumoniae &. 6taphylococcus epidermidis
M$' ( 1.))
1. %harlie, *1(year old male, complaint of dysuria. Hrine culture was done on
Mac%onAey showing colorless colonies. Biochemical test re3ealed ;I# with <*6
on /64, urease and phenylalanine deaminase tests were positi3e. @hat is the
most liAely causati3e agentB (Fawet= Medical Microbiology, *-
th
ed, p. *!9"
#. Cersinia enterocolitica %. ,scherichia coli
B. $seudomoans aeruginosa &. $roteus mirabilis
M$' ( 1.))
17. %holo, *8 years old engineer, was diagnoed with ricAettsial infection. <is serum
sample was for @eil(Eeli9 test which turned out to be positi3e for antibodies to
$roteus G;(19 and G1(*. /he serum sample was also inoculated
intraperitoneally to a male guinea pig producing scrotal swelling. @hat is the
most liAely causati3e agentB (,ssentials of Medical Microbiology,
th
ed., !7-"
#. JicAettsia typhi %. JicAettsia tsutsugamushi
B. JicAettsia prowa=eAi &. JicAettsia ricAetsii
M$' ( ).*
17. /his organism is obligately intracellular, susceptible to sulfonamide and produces
inclusion bodies that contain glycogen in tissue culture: (Fawet= Medical
Microbiology, *-
th
ed, p. -9"
#. %hlamydia trachomatis %. Hreaplasma urealyticum
B. Mycoplasma hominis &. %o9iella burnetti
M$' ( 1.))

18. /his gram(negati3e, non(motile, non(lactose fermenting bacillus produces to9in
which is neuroto9ic, cytoto9ic and enteroto9ic: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p.
8(2"
#. 6almonella typhi %. ,scherichia coli
B. %ampylobacter :enuni &. 6higella dysenteriae
M$' ( ).
12. /he following characteristics differentiate the el tor biotype of 5ibrio cholera from
the classic biotype ,1%,$/: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 78"
#. $ositi3e 5$ test %. #gglutination of chicAen erythrocytes
B. $ositi3e o9idase test &. Jesistance to polymy9in B
M$' ( ).*
19. /his gram(negati3e bacillus grows well in moist en3ironment, produces blue
phena=ine pigment, obtain energy from carbohydrates using the o9idati3e rather
than the fermentati3e pathway: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 88"
#. ;lebsiella pneumoniae %. $seudomonas aeruginosa
B. $roteus 3ulgaris &. ,scherichia coli
M$' ( 1.))
*). /his gram(negati3e, facultati3ely intracellular bacillus is marAed by bipolar
staining and produces 5 and @ antigens which correlate with its ability to
proliferate rapidly and cause o3erwhelming infection: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19th
ed p. 2"
#. Cersinia pestis %. %alymmatobacterium granulomatis
B. Bacillus anthracis &. $asteurella multocida
M$' ( ).*
*1. /he to9in of this gram(positi3e obligate anaerobic organism acts on the
cholinergic ner3e endings to blocA the release of acetylcholine: (Zinsser
Microbiology, 19th ed p. 7)"
#. %lostridium botulinum %. %orynebacterium diphtheriae
B. %lostridium tetani &. Bacillus anthracis
M$' ( ).
**. Jy=a, 7 years old, female, was diagnosed with meningitis. %6E specimen was
cultured in %#$ at (1)K %G*. /he colonies that grew were gram stained which
re3ealed gram(negati3e cocci. @hat is the most liAely causati3e agent of the
meningitisB (Zinsser Microbiology, 19th ed p. !!! and !!8"
#. <aemophilus influen=ae %. 0eisseria meningitidis
B. 6treptococcus pneumoniae &. 6treptococcus agalactiae
M$' ( ).
*-. Fhona, years old, was brought for consultation because of sore throat. $,
showed enlarged, e9udati3e tonsillitis with large palpable, tender, cer3ical lymph
nodes. # smear from the tonsils was gram stained showing gram(positi3e,
clubbed(shaped bacilli which lie parallel or form angles with each other. @hat is
the most liAely causati3e agentB ( Zinsser Microbiology, 19th ed p. !28 and !9*"
#. %lostridium tetani %. %orynebacterium diphtheriae
B. Bacillus anthracis &. %o9iella burnetti
M$' ( 1.))
*!. %athy, *2 years old, consulted because of dysuria. Hrine was cultured on B#$.
/he growth was ?ram stained showing gram(positi3e cocci in clusters. @hat is
the most liAely organismB ( Zinsser Microbiology, 19th ed p. !)1 and !1!"
#. 6taphylococcus saprophyticus %. $roteus mirabilis
B. $seudomonas aeruginosa &. 6treptococcus agalactiae
M$' ( ).
*. Marie, - years old, was admitted with a diagnosis of acute glomerulonephritis.
Je3iew of history re3ealed that she had impetigo on the buttocAs. @hat M(
protein type of 6treptococcus pyogenes is the most liAely causeB (Zinsser
Microbiology, 19th ed p. !*!"
#. M! %. M!9
B. M1* &. M8
M$' ( ).*
*7. /his organism grows in 7.K 0a%l, !)K bile, and can hydroly=e esculin and is
resistant to penicillin: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. !*8(!*2"
#. 6treptococcus bo3is %. ,nterococcus fecalis
B. 6treptococcus pneumoniae &. 6taphylococcus epidermidis
M$' ( ).*
*8. 6putum culture of a patient diagnosed with pneumonia showed partial hemolysis
on B#$. Biochemical tests showed the colonies which are bile(soluble.
6ubculture of growth in disc containing ethylhydro9ycupreine <%l showed
inhibition of growth. @hat is the most liAely causati3e agentB (Fawet= Medical
Microbiology, *-
th
ed, p. *-8".
#. 6treptococcus pneumoniae %. 6treptococcus 3iridans
B. ;lebsiella pneumonaie &. <aemophilus influen=ae
M$' ( ).
-). @hat is the most useful and rapid method for the identification of 6treptococcus
pneumoniaeB (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. !-!"
#. Bacitracin test %. %#M$ test
B. 0eufeld Luellung test &. 5$ test
M$' ( ).
-1. /he capsule contributes to the in3asi3e property of the following organisms
,1%,$/ one: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. !!8, !7!, !9"
#. 0eisseria menigitidis %. <emophilus influen=ae
B. ;lebsiella pneumoniae &. %orynebacterium diphtheriae
M$' ( 1.))
-*. /he presence of this antigen is one of the factors that can e9plain the 3irulence of
,scherichia coli in neonatal disease: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. !"
#. 5i antigen %. G antigen
B. < antigen &. ;1 antigen
M$' ( ).--
--. ,dgar, 9 years old boy, was admitted because of fe3er of days duration with
accompanying headache, abdominal pain, and 3omiting. ,nteric fe3er was
entertained. <ow are you going to confirm the diagnosisB (Zinsser Microbiology,
19
th
ed, p. 7-"
#. Blood culture %. $olymerase chain reaction
B. 6tool culture &. 6erology
M$' ( 1.))
-!. @hat is considered the most sensiti3e method to the diagnosis of whooping
coughB Fawet= Medical Microbiology, *-
th
ed, p. *2-.
#. &irect fluorescent antibody test %. %ulture isolation
B. $olymerase chain reaction &. 6erology
M$' ( ).
-. /he e9oto9in of $seudomonas aeruginosa and %orynebacterium diphtheriae
ha3e the same mechanism of action: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 82"
#. 4nhibition of protein synthesis by blocAing ,E(*
B. #cti3ation of intracellular adenyl cyclase
%. 4nhibition of the release of e9citatory neurotransmitter
&. #cti3ation of e9tracellular guanyl cyclase
M$' ( ).
-7. /his highly specific laboratory test for syphilis is easy to perform, ine9pensi3e and
sensiti3e: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 77!"
#. 4g?(E/#(#B6 %. M<#(/$
B. /$4 &. 5&J'
M$' ( 1.))
-8. %hester, 18 years old, was brought for consultation for producti3e cough of three
weeAs duration. Gn $,, she was afebrile, not in %J distress, with coarse and fine
rales appreciated on both lung fields. /his is most probably caused by this gram(
negati3e, branched, filamentous organism that can induce the de3elopment of
hemagglutinins that will agglutinate human type(G erythrocytes when incubated
at )
o
% to !
o
%, but not at -8
o
%: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 8-"
#. 6treptococcus pneumoniae %. %hlamydia pneumoniae
B. ;lebsiella pneumoniae &. Mycoplasma pneumoniae
M$' ( ).*
-2. 'aryngeal papilloma is commonly associated with this human papilloma3irus
serotypes: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 987"
#. 7 and 11 %. ! and *
B. 17 and 12 &. 7* and 7
M$' ( ).
-9. @hat is the most common cause of rhinitis is all age groupB
#. #deno3irus %. $arainfluen=a 3irus
B. Jhino3irus &. Jespiratory syncytial 3irus
M$' ( 1.))
!). #mong these 3iruses, which one has the following characteristics: ssJ0#,
en3eloped 3irus with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genomeB (Zinsser
Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 871(87*"
#. Jespiratory syncytial 3irus %. %orona3irus
B. Measles 3irus &. 4nfluen=a 3irus
M$' ( ).*
!1. /he human immunodeficiency 3irus is described with the following
characteristics: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 871(87*"
#. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3irus with segmented, positi3e(sense genome
B. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3irus with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
%. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3irus with segmented, negati3e(sense genome
&. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3irus with non(segmented, negati3e(sense genome
M$' ( ).*
!*. /he Jhabdo3iruses are described with the following characteristics: (Zinsser
Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 871(87*"
#. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3irus with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
B. ssJ0#, naAed 3irus with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
%. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3irus with non(segmented, negati3e(sense genome
&. ssJ0#, naAed 3irus with non(segmented, negati3e(sense genome
M$' ( ).*
!-. /he picorna3iruses are described with the following characteristics: Zinsser
Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 871(87*"
#. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
B. ssJ0#, naAed 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
%. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
&. ssJ0#, naAed 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
M$' ( ).*
!!. /he hepatitis % 3irus is described as follows: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p.
871(87* and 1)!)"
#. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
B. ssJ0#, naAed 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
%. ssJ0#, en3eloped 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
&. ssJ0#, naAed 3iruses with non(segmented, positi3e(sense genome
M$' ( ).*
!. @hich of these marAers of hepatitis B infection correlates with the absence of
<Bc#g and &0# polymerase, less infecti3ity and a better prognosis for chronic
hepatitis. (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 1)!-"
#. #nti(<Bc %. #nti(<Be
B. #nti(<Bd &. #nti(<Bs
M$' ( ).--
!7. @hich of these marAers of <45 indicates acti3e 3iral replicationB
#. p*! %. gp!1
B. p &. gp1*)
M$' ( ).
!8. @hich of the following is the only filamentous mammalian 3irusB Zinsser, 19
th
ed,
p. 871(87* and 1)-1
#. ,bola %. Fapanese B encephalitis
B. &engue &. Cellow fe3er
M$' ( ).*
!2. /his 3irus family is described with the following characteristics: double(stranded
nucleic acid, naAed with segmented genome: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p.
871(87*"
#. $icorna3iridae %. %orona3iridae
B. Jeo3iridae &. Jhabdo3iridae
M$' ( 1.))
!9. /his 3irus shows tropism for the B lymphocytes and certain epithelial cells. 4t
produces nonproducti3e infection and transformation of B cells: (,ssentials of
Medical Microbiology by 5olA et al,
th
ed., p. -(! "
#. <uman herpes 1 and * %. <uman herpes 3irus !
B. <uman herpes 3irus - &. <uman herpes 3irus
M$' ( ).*
). /his 3irus undergoes antigenic shift producing ma:or changes in the < and 0
glycoproteins: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 99!"
#. 4nfluen=a # 3irus %. $arainfluen=a 3irus
B. Jespiratory syncytial 3irus &. %alici3irus
M$' ( ).
1. /his fungus occurs as yeast in tissues of infected patients and when cultured at
room temperature occurs as mold form: (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p.1)8*"
#. /richophyton mentagrophytes %. 6porothri9 schencAii
B. %ladosporium wernecAii &. ,pidermophyton floccosum
M$' ( ).
*. MarA, *!(year old male, consulted because of hypopigmented macules on his
chest, upper bacA, shoulders and arms. 6crapings of the lesions were taAen for
microscopic e9amination. 6hort, unbranched hyphae and numerous spherical
cells were seen. @hat is the most liAely causati3e agentB Zinsser Microbiology,
19
th
ed, p. 11-1(11-*
#. $hialophora 3errucosa %. #spergillus fumigatus
B. Malasse=ia furfur &. /richosporon beigellii
M$' ( 1.))
-. Japid presumpti3e test for %andida albicans is+ Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p.
11!*
#. ?rape(liAe clustering of microconidia %. Multiple budding yeast cell
B. ?erm tube production &. 6clerotic bodies
M$' ( 1.))
!. @hat is the most common cause of athleteMs footB (Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed,
p. 11-)"
#. /richophyton mentagrophytes %. Microsporum canis
B. ,pidermophyton floccosum &. Microsporum gypseum
M$' ( .*
. Multiple budding yeast cell is characteristic of this fungus: Zinsser Microbiology,
19
th
ed, p. 11)9"
#. %occidioides immitis %. 6porothri9 schencAii
B. <istoplasma capsulatum &. $aracoccidioides bra=iliensis
M$' ( 1.))
7. %harlie, 8 years old male, was admitted because of meningitis. 4ndia inA
staining of the %6E showed large, encapsulated yeast cells. @hat is the most
liAely causati3e agentB Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th
ed, p. 11!!"
#. %ryptococcus neoformans %. %occidioides immitis
B. %andida albicans &. <istoplasma capsulatum
M$' ( 1.))
8. @hat is the diagnostic feature of chromoblastomycosisB Zinsser Microbiology,
19
th
ed, p. 1112
#. 6pherule %. Multiple buds
B. 6clerotic bodies &. Josetting of microconidia
M$' ( ).
2. @hat is the infectious particle of %occidioides immitisB Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th

ed, p. 1)9*"
#. #rthroconidium %. 6pherule
B. %hlamydospore &. Macroconidia
M$' ( 1.))
8. /he defining feature of this fungal infection is the presence of local swelling and
interconnecting sinuses containing sulfur granules: Fawet= Medical Microbiology,
*-
rd
ed, p. 7--.
#. 'oboMs disease %. &arlingMs disease
B. Mycetoma &. 6porothrichosis
M$' ( ).*
2. Mang /omas, 7 year old gardener, came in with multiple subcutaneous nodules
and abscesses along the lymphatics: Fawet= Medical Microbiology, *-
rd
ed, p.
7-7.
#. 6porothri9 schencAii %. /richophyton tonsurans
B. ,pidermophyton floccosum &. $seudoallescheria boydii
M$' ( 1.))
71. Gne of the following is a type 45 hypersensiti3ity reaction: Zinsser Microbiology,
19
th
ed, p. -*-
#. Bronchial asthma
B. %ontact dermatitis
%. #BG incompatibility
&. $ost(streptococcal glomerulonephritis
M$' ( 1.))
7*. /he following are mediators of non(specific cellular immunity ,1%,$/
#. / and B cells %. Macrophages
B. $olymorphonuclear leuAocytes &. 0; cells
M$' ( ).
7-. 6pecificity of the immunoglobulin molecule is determined by these components:
#. 5ariable and constant regions of the light chains
B. 5ariable regions of both the light and the hea3y chains
%. %onstant regions of both the light and hea3y chains
&. 5ariable and constant regions of the hea3y chains
M$' ( 1.))
7!. /he cellular mediators of immediate response to cytosolic pathogens are the:
#. $M0s %. 0; cells
B. / and B cells &. %J$
M$' ( ).*
7. /he predominant antibody found in breastmilA is the: ( Zinsser Microbiology, 19
th

ed, p. **!"
#. 4g# %. 4g?
B. 4g, &. 4gM
M$' ( 1.))
77. /his antibody molecule has neutrali=ing, opsoni=ing and complement acti3ating
acti3ity:
#. 4g# %. 4g?
B. 4g, &. 4gM
M$' ( ).*
78. /he le3el of this antibody appro9imates that of the adult at birth:
#. 4g# %. 4g?
B. 4g, &. 4gM
M$' ( 1.))
72. /hese cells ha3e dual functions in immunity: antibody secretion and antigen
presentation:
#. B cells %. Macrophages
B. 0; cells &. &endritic cells
M$' ( ).*
79. /his cytoAine secreted by /<1 cells enhances the microbicidal power of the
macophages:
#. /0E(N %. 4'(*
B. 4E0(O &. ?M(%6E
M$' ( ).*
8). /he primary mediators of specific humoral immunity:
#. #ntibodies %. #cute phase proteins
B. #lternate complement &. 'yso=yme
M$' ( 1.))
81. @hat is the only nematode that requires intermediate host to complete its life
cycleB (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., *!7"
#. %apillaria philippinensis %. /richuris trichiura
B. ,nterobius 3ermicualris &. /richinella spiralis
M$' ( ).
8*. /he infecti3e lar3a of this parasite causes erythematous, serpiginous,
intracutaneous tunnels which is accompanied by intense itchiness: (%linical
$arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., *21"
#. #ncylostoma bra=iliense %. /o9ocara canis
B. 6trongyloides stercoralis &. /richuris trichiura
M$' ( ).*
8-. /he adult stage of this parasite is described to ha3e attenuated anterior portion
and a fleshy posterior portion: (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., *!)"
#. #ncylostoma bra=ilinese %. 0ecator americanus
B. 6trongyloides stercoralis &. /richuris trichiura
M$' ( 1.))
8!. #ll these parasites ha3e a lung phase during their de3elopmental cycle ,1%,$/:
(%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., *9, *2-, -1)"
#. #scaris lumbricoides %. 6trongyloides stercoralis
B. ,nterobius 3ermicularis &.. 0ecator americanus
M$' ( 1.))
8. ,mbryonated o3um is the infecti3e stage of this parasite: (%linical $arasitology
by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., -)-"
#. /richinella spiralis %. %apillaria philippinensis
B. ,nterobius 3ermicularis &. 6trongyloides stercoralis
M$' ( ).
87. /his adult nematode is lar3iparous which means it produces lar3a rather than
o3a: (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., *-*"
#. %apillaria philippinensis %. ,nterobius 3ermicualris
B. /richinella spiralis &. /richuris trichiura
M$' ( ).
88. /he most effecti3e pre3enti3e measure against this parasite is thru thorough
free=ing or cooAing of food potentially carrying the parasite: (%linical $arasitology
by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., *!)"
#. /richuris trichiura %. ,nterobius 3ermicularis
B. /richinella spiralis &. 6trongyloides stercoralis
M$' ( 1.))
82. @hen embryonated egg of this parasite is ingested, its second(stage lar3a
encysts in tissues such as the li3er and lungs and cause hypereosinophilia:
(%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., -*7(-*8"
#. @uchereria bancrofti %. /o9ocara canis
B. /richinella spiralis &. /richuris trichiura
M$' ( 1.))
89. # stained peripheral blood film re3ealed the presence of this microfilaria with two
discreet nuclei at the tip of the tail: (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed.,
-7"
#. Brugia malayi %. Gnchocerc 3ol3ulus
B. 'oa loa &. @uchereria bancrofti
M$' ( ).
2). /he o3a of this parasite are 0G/ commonly reco3ered in the stool: (%linical
$arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., -)-"
#. #scaris lumbricoides %. ,nterobius 3ermicularis
B. /richuris trichiura &. <ooAworms
M$' ( 1.))
21. Joutine e9amination of a stool sample was submitted for facalysis. /he result
re3ealed the presence of spherical cyst(liAe material with two nuclei and one
chromatoidal body with rounded ends. @hat is the most probable parasite seenB
(%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., 1)-"
#. Balantidium coli %. ?iardia lamblia
B. ,ntamoeba coli &. ,ntamoeba histolytica
M$' ( ).
2*. /his parasite is transmitted by ingestion of the sporulated oocyst: (Basic
%linical$arasitology by Brown et al, 7
th
ed., p.*"
#. 0aegleria fowleri %. %ryptosporidium par3um
B. /richomonas 3aginalis &. Balantidium coli
M$' ( ).*
2-. $arasites which are rounded anteriorly and pointed posteriorly with a pair of
nuclei containing a central Aaryosome were seen in watery stool of a patient with
se3ere diarrhea. @hat is the most liAely causati3e agentB (%linical $arasitology
by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., !!"
#. /richomonas 3aginalis %. ?iardia lamblia
B. %hilomasti9 mesnilii &. ,ndolima9 nana
M$' ( ).
2!. 0elson, -*(year old engineer. @as admitted because of on and off high grade
fe3er with accompanying chills of two weeAs duration. $eripheral blood smear
showed ring form tropho=oites and crescent(shaped gametocytes. @hat is the
most probable causati3e agentB (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed.,
122"
#. $lasmodium 3i3a9 %. $lasmodium o3ale
B. $lasmodium malariae &. $lasmodium falciparum
M$' ( 1.))
2. /he infecti3e stage of /rypanosoma cru=i is... (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et
al, 9
th
ed., 9)"
#. #mastigote %. ,pimastigote
B. $romastigote &. /rypomastigote
M$' ( ).*
27. ;alaa=ar is caused by this parasite: (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed.,
81"
#. /rypanosoma cru=i %. 'eishmania dono3ani
B. /rypanosoma gambiense &. 'eishmania tropica
M$' ( ).
28. %F, 1 year old male, had dysentery described as bloody and mucoid. @hat are
the most probable causati3e agentsB (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., 11, *17"
#. ,ntamoeba coli and ,ndolima9 nana
B. ,ntamoeba histolytica and Balantidium coli
%. %ryptosporidium par3um and 4sospora belli
&. ?iardia lamblia and /richomonas hominis
M$' ( 1.))
22. /he infecti3e stage of $lasmodium falciparum to the intermediate host is the+
(%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., 187"
#. /ropho=oites %. Mero=oites
B. 6poro=oites &. ?ametocytes
M$' ( ).
29. /his is the only trematode with a non(operculated o3um: (%linical $arasitology by
Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., !12, !*, !9, !7!"
#. 6chistosoma :aponicum %. %lonorchis sinensis
B. Easciola hepatica &. $aragonimus westermani
M$' ( 1.))
9). /he metacercaria is the infecti3e stage of the following parasites ,1%,$/: (%linical
$arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., !17(!18, !2, !8-, !21"
#. Gpistorchis felineus %. 6chistosoma :aponicum
B. Metagonimus yoAogawai &. ,chinostoma ilocanum
M$' ( ).*
91. Mang $andoy, 2 years old male, had a history of four weeAs cough with blood(
tinged e9pectorate. 6putum e9amination was done which re3ealed the presence
of operculated o3a. @hat is the most liAely causati3e agentB (%linical
$arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., !7!"
#. Metagonimus yoAogawai %. $aragonimus westermani
B. %lonorchis sinensis &. ,chinostoma ilocanum,
M$' ( 1.))
9*. /his cestode requires two intermediate hosts for the completion of its
de3elopmental cycle: (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., !97"
#. /aenia saginata %. ,chinococcus granulosus
B. &iphyllobothrium latum &. &ipylidium caninum
M$' ( ).*
9- 6parganum lar3a is the infecti3e stage of this parasite: (%linical $arasitology by
Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., !97"
#. &iphyllobotrium latum %. &ipylidium caninum
B. /aenia solium &. <ymenolepis nana
M$' ( 1.))
9! /hese parasites are transmitted by eating improperly cooAed porA ,1%,$/:
(%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., 178, *!), 19, --"
#. /aenia solium %. /richinella spiralis
B. ,chinococcus granulosus &. /o9oplasma gondii
M$' ( ).
9 /his parasite utili=es the snail as its first and second intermediate hosts to
complete its de3elopmental cycle: (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed.,
!2"
#. Metagonimus yoAogawai %. $aragonimus westermani
B. %lonorchis sinensis &. ,chinostoma ilocanum,
M$' ( ).*
97. /his parasite is described as ribbon(liAe, scole9 with ! cup(liAe sucAers and
rostellum with double row of large and small hooAs: (%linical $arasitology by
Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., 1-"
#. /aenia solium %. <ymenolepis nana
B. /aenia saginata &. <ymenolepis diminuta
M$' ( ).
98. /his parasite is referred to as the dwarf tapeworm: (Basic %linical $arasitology by
Brown, 7
th
ed, p. 191"
#. <ymenolepis nana %. ,chinococcus granulosus
B. <ymenolepid diminuta &. &ipylidium caninum
M$' ( 1.))
92. @hich of the following cestodes does 0G/ require an intermediate host to
complete its life cycleB (Basic %linical $arasitology by Brown, 7
th
ed, p. 19*"
#. <ymenolepis nana %. ,chinococcus granulosus
B. <ymenolepid diminuta &. &ipylidium caninum
M$' ( ).*
99. $roper cooAing of food is the most important pre3enti3e measure against this
condition: (%linical $arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., *!8, *71, !*"
#. 6chistosomiasis %. %apillariasis
B. %ochin china diarrhea &. Malaria
M$' ( ).
1)). Man becomes infected by this parasite by ingestion of cysticercoid lar3a: (%linical
$arasitology by Bea3er et al, 9
th
ed., )2"
#. /aenia solium %. &iphyllobothrium latum
B. &ipylidium caninum &. Metagnonimus yoAogawai
M$' ( ).