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FLOW THROUGH ORIFICE

AIM: - To determine hydraulic co-efficient for a given orifice



INSTRUMENT AND EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED

1. Orifice Apparatus.
2. Orifice Plate.
3. Vernier Calliper.
4. Stop Watch.
5. Scale.

THEORY: - A small hole made inside or bottom of the tank is called orifice.

Department of Mechanical engineering
Subject: Design of heat transfer equipments Date:
Subject code: Time: 1 hour
Semester: IIIrd SEM M.Tech
Note: Answer any one question.
Q1) 6900 lb/hr of 260 API lubricating oil must be cooled from 4500-3500F by 72500 lb/hr of 340 API
midcontinent crude oil. The crude will be heated from 3000-3100 F. A fouling factor of 0.003 should be
provided for each stream and allowable pressure drop on each stream will be 10 psi. A number of 20 ft
hair fins of 3/2 IPS are available how many must be used and how shall they be arranged the viscosities
are 1.4 centipoises at 500 F for lubricating oil 3.08 4000 F and 7.7 at 3000 F. (25 Marks)
OR
Sl.No
AIM: - To determine hydraulic co-efficient for a given orifice

INSTRUMENT AND EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED

1. Orifice Apparatus.
2. Orifice Plate.
3. VernierCalliper.
4. Stop Watch.
5. Scale.

EXPERIMENTS




1. Flow Through orifice
2. Flow over notches
a) Flow Through Rectangular Notch.
b) Flow Through Triangular Notch.
c) Flow Through Trpizoidal Notch.
3. Friction Through Pipe (Minor Losses)
a) For sudden enlargement.
b) For Sudden Contraction.
c) For 900 Bend.
d) For Elbow
4. Friction through pipe (Major losses)
5. Impact of Jet
6. Flow Through venturimeter
7. Flow through orificemeter
8. Single stage Centrifugal Pump
9. Efficiency of the Francis Turbine
10. Air Blower
11. Air Compressor
12. Reciprocating Pump
13. Pelton Wheel Turbine
Q2) 1,75,000lb/hr of distilled water enters an exchanger at 930 F and leaves at 850 F. The heat will be
transferred to 2,80,000 lb/hr of raw water supplied at 750 F and leave the exchanger at 800 F at 10 psi
pressure drop may be expected on both the streams while Rd= 0.0005 for the distilled water and 0.0015
for raw water. When the tube velocity exceeds 6FPS available for this service is a 15.25 ID exchanger
having 160 3.25 OD 18BWG 16 ft long tubes laid out on 15/16 triangular pitch. The bundle is arranged
for 2 passes and baffles are spaced 12 apart will the exchanger be suitable? (25 Marks)