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# Dept. of Electrical &Electronics Eng.

## , LAEC, Bidar Analog Electronics Lab Manual

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EXPERIMENT NO 1:

WIRING OF RC COUPLED SINGLE STAGE AMPLIFIER

AIM:

Design RC Coupled single stage BJT/FET amplifier and determine the gain, Frequency
response,Input and output impedance.

COMPONENTS/ APPARATUS REQUIRED:

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

Fig (a) Circuit diagram for RC coupled amplifier

Dept. of Electrical &Electronics Eng., LAEC, Bidar Analog Electronics Lab Manual

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DESIGN PROCEDURE:

Select transistor BC107b having the following specifications,

Ie=Ic= 2mA; =215; Vce=5v; Vcc=2Vce =>10v

To find Re

Choose Ve =Vcc/10=10/10 =1 v

Ve = Ie*Re =>Re=Ve / Ie

Re = 1 / Ie =1 / 2mA = 0.5K

Select Re = 560

To find Rc

Choose Vce = Vcc / 2 =10/2=5 v

Apply KVL in CE loop:

Vcc- (IcRc) - Vce -
Vre=0 10v-(2mA* Rc)
5v 1v=0 Rc = (10v-
5v-1v) / 2mA

Rc = 2K

Select Rc= 2.2K

To find R1 & R2

Vb = Vbe + Ve => 0.7v + 1v = 1.7v

Vb =(Vcc*R2) / ( R1 + R2 )

1.7v = (10v*R2) / ( R1 + R2 ) => R2/(R1+
R2)=1.7v/10v 10 R2 = 1.7 R1 +1.7 R2

R1= 4.8* R2
Dept. of Electrical &Electronics Eng., LAEC, Bidar Analog Electronics Lab Manual

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Select R2 =4.7K

R1 = 4.8 * 4.7K => R1 = 22.56K

Select R1 = 27K

To find Bypass capacitor Ce:

Let Xce = Re / 10, at f = 100 Hz; 1/(2*f*Ce) = Re / 10

Therefore Ce=10 / (2*100 Hz *560 ) =31.8 micro farad

Choose Ce=50 micro F (electrolytic)

To find Cc1 and CC2:

Assume CC1 & CC2 = 0.47 micro F (ceramic)

To design:

Xcc1 = (Hie||Rb)/10, Xcc1 =1/ (2*f*Cc1), Cc1=?

Xcc2 = (Rc||Rl)/10, Xcc2 =1/ (2*f*Cc2), Cc2=?

PROCEDURE:

1. Connect the circuit as shown above.

2. Feed a sine wave signal of amplitude 20 mV from signal generator.

3. Keep the frequency of the signal generator in mid band range i.e., around 2 KHz. Increase
amplitude of the input signal till the output signal is undistorted.(CRO at output).

4. Measure Vi amplitude =__________V for corresponding maximum undistorted output.

5. Measure Vo amplitude =__________V

6. The ratio of (Vo/Vi) max gives the maximum undistorted gain of the amplifier.

7. Now vary the input sine wave frequency from 10 Hz to 1 MHz in suitable steps. Measure
Dept. of Electrical &Electronics Eng., LAEC, Bidar Analog Electronics Lab Manual

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output voltage amplitude at each step using CRO. (See that amplitude of Vi remains constant

throughout the frequency range. )

8. Tabulate the results in the tabular column shown below.

9. Plot the frequency i.e., frequency versus Gain in dB, determine Bandwidth and
G.B.W product.

TABULAR COLUMN:

Take the readings for 100 Hz to 1Khz in 100Hz steps, 1Khz to 10Khz in 1Kz steps, 10khz to
100khz in 10khz steps, 100khz to 1mHz in 100kHz steps (total 37 readings) Note down Vi (P-
P).

FREQUENCY RESPONSE:

Dept. of Electrical &Electronics Eng., LAEC, Bidar Analog Electronics Lab Manual

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f1 is Lower Cut-Off Frequency.

f2 is Higher Cut-Off Frequency.

Av is the Voltage Gain = 20log10 (Vo/Vi).
Av mid is the Voltage Gain at mid-band.
F2-F1 is the Band width of the amplifier.
3dB = 20log10 (0.707).

TO MEASURE Zin

PROCEDURE TO FIND Zin

1. Connect the circuit as shown in above figure

2. Set the following

DRB to 0

Input sine wave amplitude to say 40 mV

Input sine wave frequencies to any mid frequency say 10 KHz.

3. Measure amplitude of Vop-p. Let Vo=Va say

4. Increase DRB (keeping Vi constant) till Vo=Va/2.The corresponding DRB

Dept. of Electrical &Electronics Eng., LAEC, Bidar Analog Electronics Lab Manual

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gives the input impedance Zin in RC coupled amplifier

TO MEASURE Zo :

PROCEDURE TO FIND Zo

1. Connect the circuit as shown in the above figure

2. Set the following

DRB to its maximum resistance value.

Input sine wave amplitude to about 40 mV
Input sine wave frequency to 10 KHz.

3. Measure Vop-p. Let Vo=Vb
Dept. of Electrical &Electronics Eng., LAEC, Bidar Analog Electronics Lab Manual

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4. Decrease DRB from its maximum value till Vo=Vb/2.The corresponding DRB
gives the output impedance Zo.

RESULT

Thus the RC Coupled Amplifier was designed and studied.

Gain = .

Bandwidth =

Gain-Bandwidth product =

Input Resistance =..

Output Resistance =