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Recommended Practice

Total Cost
Management

Framework:
T&+a# C&*+
Ma%age$e%+ * a
*3*+e$a-c a'')&ach
+& $a%ag%g c&*+
+h)&/gh&/+ +he #fe
c3c#e &f a%3 e%+e)')*e7 ')&g)a$7 fac#+37 ')&!ec+7 ')&d/c+ &) *e)0ce:
AACE;* ag*h' '/b#ca-&%7 +he TCM F)a$e1&)"9 A% I%+eg)a+ed
A'')&ach +& P&),&#&7 P)&g)a$ a%d P)&!ec+ Ma%age$e%+7 * a
*+)/c+/)ed7 a%%&+a+ed ')&ce** $a' +ha+ f&) +he )*+ -$e e2'#a%* each
')ac-ce a)ea &f +he c&*+ e%g%ee)%g e#d % +he c&%+e2+ &f +*
)e#a-&%*h' +& +he &+he) ')ac-ce a)ea* %c#/d%g a##ed ')&fe**&%*:
Visual TCM
Framework:
V*/a# TCM g)a'hca##3
de$&%*+)a+e* +he
%+eg)a-&% &f +he
*+)a+egc a**e+
$a%age$e%+ a%d
')&!ec+ c&%+)&#*
')&ce** $a'* &f +he TCM F)a$e1&)": The V*/a# TCM a''#ca-&% ha*
bee% de*g%ed +& ')&0de a d3%a$c 0e1 &f +he TCM ')&ce**e*7 f)&$
+he &0e)a## *+)a+eg3 ')&ce** $a'* +& +he $d?#e0e# ')&ce**e* a%d
de+a#ed ac-0-e*: The ')&ce**e* a)e h3'e)#%"ed7 g0%g +he /*e) +he
ab#+3 +& $&0e +& a%d f)&$ )e#a+ed ')&ce** $a'* a%d )efe)e%ce
Recommended Practice
Th* Rec&$$e%ded P)ac-ce ARPB * b)&/gh+ +& 3&/ a*
'/b#c *e)0ce b3 AACE I%+e)%a-&%a#7 +he A/+h&)+3 f&)
T&+a# C&*+ Ma%age$e%+:
The AACE I%+e)%a-&%a# Rec&$$e%ded P)ac-ce* a)e
+he $a% +ech%ca# f&/%da-&% &f &/) ed/ca-&%a# a%d
ce)-ca-&% ')&d/c+* a%d *e)0ce*: The RP* a)e a *e)e*
&f d&c/$e%+* +ha+ c&%+a% 0a#/ab#e )efe)e%ce
%f&)$a-&% +ha+ ha* bee% */b!ec+ +& a )g&)&/* )e0e1
')&ce** a%d )ec&$$e%ded f&) /*e b3 +he AACE
I%+e)%a-&%a# Tech%ca# B&a)d:
AACE I%+e)%a-&%a# * a GDEAcBAFB %&%?')&+
')&fe**&%a# a**&ca-&% *e)0%g +he +&+a# c&*+
$a%age$e%+ c&$$/%+3 *%ce EKGH: AACE
I%+e)%a-&%a# ')&0de* +* $e$be)* a%d *+a"eh&#de)*
1+h +he )e*&/)ce* +he3 %eed +& e%ha%ce +he)
'e)f&)$a%ce a%d e%*/)e c&%-%/ed g)&1+h a%d
*/cce**: W+h &0e) J7GDD $e$be)* 1&)#d?1de7 AACE
I%+e)%a-&%a# *e)0e* +&+a# c&*+ $a%age$e%+
')&fe**&%a#* % a 0a)e+3 &f d*c'#%e* a%d ac)&** a##
%d/*+)e*: AACE I%+e)%a-&%a# ha* $e$be)* % JI
c&/%+)e*: If 3&/ *ha)e &/) $**&% +& <e%ab#e
&)ga%4a-&%* a)&/%d +he 1&)#d +& ache0e +he)
%0e*+$e%+ e2'ec+a-&%* b3 $a%ag%g a%d c&%+)&##%g
')&!ec+*7 ')&g)a$*7 a%d '&),&#&* a%d c)ea+e 0a#/e b3
ad0a%c%g +ech%ca# "%&1#edge a%d ')&fe**&%a#
de0e#&'$e%+=7 +he% 1e %0+e 3&/ +& bec&$e &%e &f
&/) $e$be)*:
In additon to this and other Recommended Practces,
here are just a sample of the products and services that
AACE has to oer you:
$a%age$e%+: C&$')ehe%*0e7 1e## &)ga%4ed7 a%d -$e#37 each PPG * a
c&##ec-&% &f *e#ec+ed a)-c#e* c&0e)%g a 'a)-c/#a) +ech%ca# +&'c a)ea
&) %d/*+)3 *eg$e%+: The PPG* ')&0de a% e2ce##e%+ *&/)ce &f )efe)e%ce
$a+e)a# a%d * a 1e#c&$e add-&% +& a%3 )efe)e%ce #b)a)3:
Certification:
S%ce EKIH7 AACE ha*
bee% ce)-f3%g
%d0d/a#* a* Ce)-ed
C&*+ C&%*/#+a%+*
ACCCB>Ce)-ed C&*+
E%g%ee)* ACCEB8
Ce)-ed C&*+
Tech%ca%* ACCTB8
Ce)-ed E*-$a-%g P)&fe**&%a#* ACEPB8 Ce)-ed F&)e%*c C#a$*
C&%*/#+a%+* ACFCCB8 Ea)%ed Va#/e P)&fe**&%a#* AEVPB8 a%d P#a%%%g C
Sched/#%g P)&fe**&%a#* APSPB: I% +he $d*+ &f *+agge)%g b/*%e** a%d
ec&%&$c +/)$&#7 3&/ %eed a## +he +&&#* a+ 3&/) d*'&*a# +& he#' *h&)e
/' 3&/) ca)ee) ')&*'ec+*: AACE ce)-ca-&% ca% he#' 3&/ a%d +he
&)ga%4a-&%* +ha+ )e#3 &% 3&/ f&) he#'5
Online Learning
Center:
The O%#%e Lea)%%g
Ce%+e) fea+/)e*
$&d/#e* ba*ed /'&%
ac+/a# +ech%ca#
')e*e%+a-&%* ca'+/)ed
$a+e)a#: Th* a##&1* f&) +he &'-$a# eec-0e%e** &f /%de)*+a%d%g a%d
/*%g +he ')&ce** a%d */b?')&ce** % +he c&%+e2+ &f a%d )e#a-&%*h' +&
a**&ca+ed */b?')&ce**e* +ha+ *ha)e c&$$&% *+)a+ege* a%d &b!ec-0e*:
V*/a# TCM a##&1* +he /*e) +& 0e1 a%d a''#3 TCM *ec-&%?b3?*ec-&%7
a+ a */b?')&ce** &) f/%c-&%a# #e0e#: V*/a# TCM * a0a#ab#e +& $e$be)*
a+ %& e2+)a fee:
Virtual Library:
Me$be)* )ece0e f)ee
acce** +& +he V)+/a#
Lb)a)37 a% &%#%e
c&##ec-&% &f &0e) GDDD
c&$'#e+e +ech%ca#
a)-c#e* &% 0)+/a##3
e0e)3 a*'ec+ &f c&*+
e%g%ee)%g: Sea)ch
+h* e2+e%*0e da+aba*e a%d $$eda+e#3 )e+)e0e +he be*+ +ech%(/e*
a%d '&+e%-a# *&#/-&%* +& +he ')&b#e$* c&%f)&%-%g 3&/ a%d 3&/)
&)ga%4a-&%:
Professional
Practice Guides
(PPGs):
P)&fe**&%a# P)ac-ce
G/de* c&%+a% +he
$&*+ 1&)+h1h#e
c&%+)b/-&%* +& +he
e#d &f +&+a# c&*+
Recommended Practice Recommended Practice
Discussion
Forums:
The d*c/**&% f&)/$*
e%c&/)age +he
e2cha%ge &f +h&/gh+*
a%d dea*7 +h)&/gh
'&*-%g (/e*-&%* a%d
d*c/**%g +&'c*: The3
')&0de a g)ea+ $ea%* f&) %e+1&)"%g a%d %+e)ac-&% 1+h 3&/) 'ee)*:
Pa)-c'a+e a%3-$e a+ 3&/) c&%0e%e%ce a%d )ece0e a/+&$a-c e?$a#
%&-ca-&%* &% +&'c* +ha+ a)e &f %+e)e*+ +& 3&/: W+h *e0e)a# +h&/*a%d
/*e)*7 f 3&/ ha0e (/e*-&%* &) c&%ce)%* ab&/+ a +ech%ca# */b!ec+7
')&g)a$7 &) ')&!ec+ ? +he f&)/$* a)e a g)ea+ )e*&/)ce f&) 3&/:
Mentoring
Program:
L&&"%g +& ga% $&)e
"%&1#edge f)&$ a%
e2'e)e%ced
')&fe**&%a# &) a%
&''&)+/%+3 +& he#'
a%&+he) ')&fe**&%a#6
I%c#/ded 1+h 3&/) $e$be)*h'7 AACE &e)* a c&$')ehe%*0e
$e%+&)%g ')&g)a$ f&) %d0d/a#* %+e)e*+ed % *ha)%g "%&1#edge 1+h
&+he)* &) ad0a%c%g +he) &1% ca)ee)* +& +he %e2+ #e0e#:
Recommended Practice
a+ &/) A%%/a# Mee-%g*: Each )ec&)ded /%+ %c#/de* a #0e a/d&
)ec&)d%g &f +he *'ea"e) *3%ch)&%4ed +& +he *#de* acc&$'a%3%g +he
')e*e%+a-&%: Each /%+ %c#/de* +he +ech%ca# 'a'e) a**&ca+ed 1+h +he
')e*e%+a-&%7 a%d a d&1%#&adab#e a/d&?&%#3 0e)*&% +ha+ 3&/ $a3 '#a3
&% 3&/) $&b#e de0ce &) P&d: C&$'#e-&% &f each /%+ ea)%* D:E AACE
)ece)-ca-&% c)ed+* A:e: D:E CEU*B: A% e#ec+)&%c ce)-ca+e &f
c&$'#e-&% 1## be a.ached +& 3&/) ')&#e:
Conferences:
AACE I%+e)%a-&%a#;*
A%%/a# Mee-%g b)%g*
+&ge+he) +he %d/*+)3;*
#ead%g c&*+
')&fe**&%a#* % a
f&)/$ f&c/*ed &%
#ea)%%g7 *ha)%g7 a%d
%e+1&)"%g: O0e) EDD
h&/)* &f +ech%ca# ')e*e%+a-&%* a%d a% %d/*+)3 +)ade*h&1 +ha+ 1##
cha##e%ge 3&/ +& be.e) $a%age7 '#a%7 *ched/#e7 a%d $'#e$e%+
+ech%&#&g3 f&) $&)e eec-0e a%d ece%+ b/*%e** ')ac-ce*:
The I%+e)%a-&%a# TCM C&%fe)e%ce * a *$#a) e0e%+ +ha+ * he#d &/+*de
&f N&)+h A$e)ca @ c&$'#e+e 1+h +ech%ca# ')e*e%+a-&%*7 *e$%a)*
a%d e2hb+*:
Recommended Practice
Periodicals
Me$be)* )ece0e a
c&$'#$e%+a)3
*/b*c)'-&% +& +he
C&*+ E%g%ee)%g
!&/)%a#7 AACE;*
b?$&%+h#3
')&fe**&%a##3
'ee)?)e0e1ed '/b#ca-&%: I+ c&%+a%* be*+?%?c#a** +ech%ca# a)-c#e* &%
+&+a# c&*+ $a%age$e%+ )e#a+ed */b!ec+*:
I+ * '/b#*hed a* b&+h a ')%+ 0e)*&% a%d a% &%#%e 0e)*&%:
O/) b?$&%+h#3 dg+a# '/b#ca-&%7 S&/)ce7 f&c/*e* &% AACE ac-0-e*
a%d +e$* &f %+e)e*+ +& +he +&+a# c&*+ $a%age$e%+ c&$$/%+37 1+h
*'eca# fea+/)e* f&) &/) $e$be)*:
Recommended Practice
Career Center:
AACE;* ca)ee) ce%+e)
')&0de* +&&#* a%d
)e*&/)ce* f&) 3&/ +&
')&g)e** +h)&/gh 3&/)
ca)ee):
L&&"%g f&) +he %e2+
)/%g &% +he ca)ee) #adde) &) +& h)e +he +a#e%+ %ece**a)3 +& +a"e 3&/)
)$ +& +he %e2+ #e0e#6 J&b *ee"e)*7 /*e &/) *e)0ce* +& %d 3&/) %e2+
!&b @ '&*+ 3&/) )e*/$e7 ge+ e?$a# %&-ca-&%* &f %e1 !&b?'&*-%g*7
a%d $&)e: E$'#&3e)*7 '&*+ 3&/) c/))e%+ !&b?&'e%%g* a%d *ea)ch &/)
e2+e%*0e )e*/$e da+aba*e +& %d 3&/) %e2+ *+a) e$'#&3ee:
Salary and
Demographic
Survey:
C&%d/c+ed a%%/a##37
*a#a)3 */)0e3 * a g)ea+
)e*&/)ce f&)
e$'#&3e)* +ha+ 1a%+
+& ga% a be.e)
/%de)*+a%d%g &f +he c&$'e--0e $a)"e+'#ace f&) +a#e%+ a%d f&)
e$'#&3ee* %+e)e*+ed % "%&1%g h&1 +he) c&$'e%*a-&% c&$'a)e*
1+h +he) 'ee)* % +he ')&fe**&%:
Recommended Practice





Copyright 2000 AACE, Inc. AACE International Recommended Practices and Standards












AACE International Recommended Practice No. 13S-90

RECOMMENDED METHOD FOR DETERMINING BUILDING
AREA
TCM Framework: 7.3 Cost Estimating and Budgeting



























Prepared by the AACE Institutional/Industrial/Commercial Cost Estimating Subcommittee

This recommended practice was originally proposed in November 1986 as a proposed standard method
for determining area of health care facilities. After publication and receipt of member comments, it was
revised and expanded to cover all types of buildings and was republished for further comment in August
1989. Subsequently received comments were of an editorial nature only and did not substantively alter
the document. The editorial comments were incorporated and the revised document was formally
accepted by the AACE Board of Directors as an AACE standard in June 1990.


Copyright 2003 AACE, Inc. AACE International Recommended Practices
AACE International Recommended Practice No. 13S-90
RECOMMENDED METHOD FOR DETERMINING BUILDING
AREA
TCM Framework: 7.3 Cost Estimating and Budgeting
November, 1990
The building area of a major building structure is the sum of the areas of the several floors of the building,
including basements, mezzanines, intermediate floored tiers, and all penthouses, measured from outside
face to outside face of exterior walls or from the center line of common walls separating buildings. This
criteria can be applied to any building program.


THE RULES OF MEASUREMENT:

1. Definitions

a. No deduction in floor area shall be made for openings such as stairs, elevators, service
shafts, duct shafts, escalators, and other vertical elements.
b. Those areas such as auditoriums, foyers, gymnasiums, and the like extending vertically
through two or more floors shall be included at one level only, the actual floor level.
c. The crawl space and service tunnels having a floor and a clear height of 6 ft (1.83 m) shall be
included at their full building area. Crawl spaces and services having a floor and clear height
of less than 6 ft (1.83 m) shall be included at one-half of their building area.
d. Covered floor areas open to the atmosphere such as covered walkways, open roofed-over
areas that are paved, porches, exterior balconies, canopies, and similar spaces shall be
included at one -half their building area.
e. Slabs, decks, and floors that are not covered by roof or ceiling shall not be included.
f. Interstitial space containing equipment that will otherwise require dedicated floor space,
including appropriate maintenance area, shall be included at its full building area. Interstitial
space containing only structure and service systems shall not be included.
g. Sloping or stepped floors shall be measured flat on a horizontal plane.
h. Building area does not include exterior unroofed terraces, steps, chimneys, roof overhangs,
etc.

2. The Outside Face of Exterior Walls

The outside of the exterior wall is defined as the outside perimeter line of exterior wall facing at
each floor level. No deduction is taken for setbacks at windows, glazing, etc, or increase added for
protruding features such as columns, cornices, or exterior bands.

3. The Building Area

The building area is composed of functional areas. The functional areas are from center line to
center line of the enclosing walls except at exterior walls where such measurement is taken to the
outside face of the exterior wall. Deductions are not taken for columns, partitions, and projects
necessary for the building.

4. The Functional Areas

The functional areas are typically called "the departments" and are divided into:

a. functional areas
b. common public areas
c. mechanical/electrical areas






Copyright 2003 AACE, Inc. AACE International Recommended Practices
2 of 2 Recommended Method for Determining Building Area
November, 1990
d. circulation areas

5. The Functional Areas

The square-foot area of each department will include its specific work area, the circulation within
that department required for its functioning, and the public areas committed to servicing only that
department. Such area includes duct and pipe chases, but does not include mechanical/electrical
areas and space dedicated for the maintenance of that type equipment. These areas are
measured as described in Section 3.

6. The Common Public Areas

The common public areas typically are composed of the following spaces and the circulation area
connecting these spaces:

a. main lobby
b. adjacent lobbies
c. vending areas
d. elevator lobbies and vestibules

These areas are measured as described in Section 3.

7. The Mechanical/Electrical Areas

The mechanical/electrical areas include equipment rooms, switchgear rooms, telephone equipment,
and similar space containing such equipment and/or dedicated to its maintenance. These areas
are to be measured as described in Section 3.

8. Circulation Areas

a. Circulation areas are defined as corridors that serve more than one department, eg, stairs,
elevators, escalators, and similar space that does not exist for the sole benefit of one
department. These areas are to be measured as described in Section 3.
b. Circulation areas can be derived by subtracting the department areas from the total building
area.

9. Area Diagram

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) has established standards for net assignable area of
buildings. For an illustrative diagram, contact AIA, 1735 New York Avenue, NW, Washington DC
20006. Request AIA Document D101, The Architectural Area Volume of Buildings.