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22/04/2014 20:26 Areolar glands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Areolar glands
Montgomery tubercles
Latin glandulae areolares
Areolar glands
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Areolar glands or Glands of Montgomery are sebaceous
glands in the areola surrounding the nipple. The glands
make oily secretions (lipoid fluid) to keep the areola and
the nipple lubricated and protected. Volatile compounds
in these secretions may also serve as an olfactory stimulus
for newborn appetite.
[1]
The portions of the gland on skin's surface are called
"Montgomery tubercles". The round bumps are found in
the areola, and on the nipple itself. They can become
exposed and raised when the nipple is stimulated. The
skin over the surface opening is lubricated and tends to be
smoother than the rest of the areola. The tubercles become
more pronounced during pregnancy.
The number of glands can vary greatly, usually averaging from 4 to 28 per nipple.
[2]
They are named after Dr. William Fetherstone Montgomery (17971859), an Irish obstetrician who first
described them in 1837.
[3][4]
See also
Fissure of the nipple
List of specialized glands within the human integumentary system
References
1. ^ Doucet, Sbastien; Soussignan, Robert; Sagot, Paul; Schaal, Benoist (2009). "The Secretion of Areolar
(Montgomery's) Glands from Lactating Women Elicits Selective, Unconditional Responses in Neonates"
(//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2761488). In Hausberger, Martine. PLoS ONE 4 (10): e7579.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007579 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0007579). PMC 2761488
(//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2761488). PMID 19851461
(//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19851461).
2. ^ Donovan, Debbi (January 1, 2010). "What are Montgomery's tubercles?"
(http://parenting.ivillage.com/pregnancy/pfirsttri/0,,469b,00.html).
3. ^ synd/1513 (http://www.whonamedit.com/synd.cfm/1513.html) at Who Named It?
4. ^ Montgomery, William F. (1837). An exposition of the signs and symptoms of pregnancy, the period of human
gestation, and the signs of delivery (http://archive.org/details/exposgn00mont). London: Sherwood, Gilbert and
Piper. OCLC 738411950 (//www.worldcat.org/oclc/738411950).
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Categories: Breast anatomy Exocrine system Glands Anatomy stubs
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22/04/2014 20:26 Areolar glands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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