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Establishment and improvement for

standard system of liquefied natural


gas industry
Xing Yun
Science and Technical Department, CNOOC Gas & Power Group
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Contents
2
0 Preface
1 Establishment of National and Industrial Standard
System for LNG Profession
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard System
for LNG Industry in CNOOC
3 Collection of LNG Engineering Associated standard
Series
4 Participation of International Standardization WG10
actively
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project
Quality Management
6 Conclusion
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 3
Preface
As Chinas demand for clean energy increasing day by day,
imports of high - quality, clean, efficient and convenient
energy resources - liquid natural gas (LNG) has become a
important way to improve and optimize chinas energy
consumption structure, as well as ensure the energy supply
security and promote the protection of eco-environment.
Since the early 90s, China National Offshore Oil Corporation
(CNOOC) start to think about the inport of LNG strategically.
Preparatory work of project management for this new
industry start later, including the research on international
LNG standards and codes.
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 4
Preface
LNG standard system including six parts: international
standards, state laws and regulations, LNG national standards,
LNG industry standards, enterprise standards and standards
relating to LNG construction.
It plays an important role in building jettys, terminals, storage
tanks, pipelines, utilities, providing contract quality
requirements of natural gas and LNG project management.
In the following, I will introduce the experiences and practices
that the standardization management department of CNOOC
has had in the process of establishing nation/industry/
enterprise standard system of LNG while entering LNG industry.
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Contents
5
0 Preface
1 Establishment of National and Industrial Standard
System for LNG Profession
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard System
for LNG Industry in CNOOC
3 Collection of LNG Engineering Associated standard
series
4 Participation International Standardization WG10
actively
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project
Quality Management
6 Conclusion
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 6
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
1.1 Investigation of foreign LNG Standard System
Since the world's first LNG trade appear in the mid-20th century, the countries
have attached great importance to the development of relevant standards
including LNG production, storage and transportation, trade, measuring and
using, enhancing HSE management, avoiding the risk of HSE and ensuring the
healthy development of the LNG industry.
In Europe, the England, Germany etc, has promulgated standards concerning
the property of LNG product, LNG standards about fire protection, LNG
Materials standards, LNG equipment and facilities standards, measurement
standards and so on.
The U.S. has its own system on LNG standardization construction. U.S.
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), American Petroleum Institute
(API), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) set their own
standards on LNG fire protection safety, LNG production, storage and
transportation, processing, LNG equipment and materials standards
respectively.
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 7
J apan is the largest LNG importer in the world, accounting for
40% of the total import of the world. J apan has accumulated a
large number of LNG operation data. J apan Gas Association
(J GS), J apanese Industrial Standards (J IS), J apan Electric
Association and the J apan High Pressure Gas Safety Institute
contribute to the construction of LNG standardization respectively,
and erect their own series of standards. Some of these standards
has also been applied in South Korea and China Taiwan region.
Standards in these countries, especially the standards of Europe
and the U.S. have been widely used in design, construction and
acceptance of CNOOCs LNG projects. It plays an important role in
the beginning of Chinas LNG industry.
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
According to the condition of established LNG
standards in different countries, the ISO founded a LNG
standardization workgroup (WG10) in November, 2006.
The main work is to draft the standard for LNG facilities
and materials and to coordinate the LNG standards
which are famous and universal used in the world. Its a
very good method to track the international LNG
standards. The three big National petroleum companies
of China all send representatives to attend the WG10
steering committee.
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
The main work of WG10 workgroup is following:
a. To evaluate the need of standard and criterion of LNG in
different countries.
b. To evaluate the applicability of existing international LNG
standards and criterions in LNG industry.
c. To ascertain the cooperation frame of the existing LNG
standards and criterions owners with workgroup.
d. To ascertain the order of standard establishment.
With the organization and coordination of WG10 LNG standard
technical committee, the international LNG standard system will
gradually unify and perfect, which will promote the development
of standardization of Chinese LNG industry. Table 1 was The
gathering standards of WG10 are from CENIBCIMONFPA
ASMEAPIIPCSADINBSJ GAJ ISKHKKLK
and so on.
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Table 1 Internationally available with the LNG industry-related standards
NO. Categories Reference Name
1 Products EN
1160:1996
General characteristics of liquefied natural gas
2
Marine
Transport
IBC Code
International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships
Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk.
3
IGC Code
(IMO)
International Code for the Construction and Equipment of
Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk.
4
GCC
Gas Carrier Code produced first by IMCO and subsequently by
IMO. Contains a chapter 11 called Fire protection and fire
extinction
5 EN
1532:1997
Installation and equipment for liquefied natural gas -Ship to shore
interface
6
Car
Transport
NFPA 52 Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicular Fuel Systems Code
7 NFPA 54 Natural Fuel Gas Code
8 NFPA 57 Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) vehicular Fuel Systems Code
9 NFPA 30 A Motor Fuel Dispensing Facilities and Repair Garages
10
NFPA 37
Installation and Use of stationary Combustion Engines and Gas
Turbines
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Table 1 Internationally available with the LNG industry-related standards
NO. Categories
Standard
Number
Name
11
Production
Storage and
Transporta
-tion
ASME B 31.8 Gas Transmission & Distribution Piping System
12 NFPA 59A Standard for the production, storage, and handling of LNG
13 NFPA
59A:2006
Standard for the production, storage, and handling of LNG
14 CSA
Z276:2001
LNG Production, Storage and handling
15
NFPA 59
Storage and Handling of Liquefied Petroleum gases at Utility Gas Plants
16 JGA Recommended practice for LNG aboveground storage
17
EN14620 Flat-bottomed, vertical cylindrical storage tanks for low temperature service,
18 DIN 4119,
part 1
Above-ground Cylindrical Flat-bottomed Tank Installations of Metallic
Materials
19
API Std. 2000
Venting Atmospheric and Low Pressure Storage Tanks : Non-refrigerated and
Refrigerated
20
CEN TC265
Design and manufacture of site built, vertical, cylindrical, flat bottomed steel
tanks for the storage of refrigerated liquefied gases with operating
temperatures between 5C and 165C
21 API Std. 620 Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-pressure Storage Tanks
22 EN 13645:2001 Design of onshore installations with a storage capacity between 5 t and 200 t
23
JGA Recommended practice for LNG in-ground storage
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Table 1 Internationally available with the LNG industry-related standards
NO.
Categories Standard
Number
Name
24
Facilities
JGA Recommended practice for LNG facilities, April 1986
25 API Std
2510
Design & Construction of LPG installations
26 EN
12308:1998
Suitability testing of gaskets designed for flanged joints used on LNG piping
27 EN
1473:1997
Design of onshore installations
28 EN
1474:1997
Design and testing of loading/unloading arms
29 EN
12838:2000
Suitability testing of LNG sampling systems
30
CEN TC218 Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies
31 EN ISO
4080: 1995
Determination Rubber and plastics hoses and hose assemblies
of permeability
32
CEN TC342
Metal hoses, hose assemblies, bellows and expansion joints
EN ISO 10380:2003
33 EN
12066:1997
Testing of insulating linings for LNG impounding areas
34 EN ISO
10806:2003
pipework fittings of undulatory flexible metal tubing
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Table 1 Internationally available with the LNG industry-related standards
NO.
Categories
Standard
Number
Name
35
Fire safety
control
NFPA 1 Fire Prevention Code
36 NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
37 IP Code Part 15 Area Classification Code for Petroleum Installations
38
API Std 2510A
Fire and protection considerations for the design and operation of liquefied
petroleum gases (LPG) storage facilities
39 NFPA 11 Low-Medium-and High-Expansion Foam
40 NFPA 11C Mobile Foam Apparatus
41 NFPA 13 Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems
42 NFPA 15 Water spray fixed systems
43 NFPA 16 Installation of Deluge Foam - Water Sprinkler and Foam - Water Spray Systems
44 NFPA 17 Dry Chemical Extinguishing Systems
45 NFPA 18 Standard on wetting agents
46
NFPA 307
Standard for the Construction and Fire Protection of Marine Terminals, Piers
and Wharves
47
NFPA 497
Classification of flammable Liquids, Gases or Vapours and of Hazardous
(Classified) Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas
48 NFPA 921 Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations
49 NFPA 1405 Land-Based Fire Fighters Who Respond to Marine Vessel Fires
50
EN 12065:1997
Testing of foam concentrates designed for generation of medium & high
expansion foam and of extinguishing powders used on LNG fire
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
1.2 The necessity of making national standard system OF
LNG
1.2.1 The development of the LNG industry needs standards
The production of the global LNG is expected to increase from 300
million tons in 2010 to 600 million tons in 2020, the related investment
of the construction of new gasification plant and liquefaction plan will
come to 1500 million -2000 million U.S. $ (at current prices), China is to
be the important importing country in respect of LNG.
The standard will be the common language among exporters, importers,
investors, manufacturers, design engineering and users. It is also the
base of minimizing capital investment and ensuring safety.
At the technical level, new equipment ,new technology and new concept
(marine LNGModule design Floating gasification system) appear
continuously, the rational selection and application need the
corresponding standards and specification.
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
1.2.2 The standardization of internal LNG industry must accord
with the international standard.
There is mature technology and perfect standard during the LNG
industry abroad. Its a shortcut to refers to external advanced standard
directly to rapidly develop and boost the level of internal LNG industry.
As the first internal LNG pilot project, extensive research survey for
external LNG standard, correlative jetty, receiving terminals, storage
tanks, pipelines and civilian building standard was actualized during its
preliminary research, design, construction and commissioning. The
LNG standard system table of our country that will become the
instructor of constituting the internal LNG industry standard henceforth
is compiled. During the process, the internal standard is employed if
there is appropriate one. If there is not appropriate standard for LNG at
home, the foreign advanced one will be cited.
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
1.3 Nation and Industry the LNG standard system table
According to the above guiding concept and authorized principle, especially
according to the LNG project practice in Guangdong and Fujian, the work
group has investigated the foreign LNG standard system systematically since
2000. The study consists of three stages. Firstly, we collected and gathered the
foreign standards. Secondly, the core standards are validated and translated.
Whats more, we investigated and compared the standards, and then wrote the
report.
So far, we have workout the third edition < The table of Nation and Industry
LNG Standard System >, as shown in table 2. In the table, the core criterion of
analyzing-measuring and production-storage/transportation are shown. Also,
the products standards and the HSE criterion which were lack in China is paid
attention.
Until today, according to the system table, we have worked out several system
standards of nation and industry: seven volumes promulgated, one copy on
approval, nine reports for approval, one volume in formulation, three volumes
in the prior study, and the others in planning collect.
1 Establishment of National and Industrial
Standard System for LNG Profession
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Table2 The Nation and Industry LNG Standard
System table
NO. Categories Standard Name
Standard Number
should be level
Standard
Criteria
have been
adopted Code
Standard
level
current
state remarks
1
Common
General characteristics of liquefied
natural gas
GB/T 19204-2003 EN 11601997 IDT Release
2010 remake a
plan
2
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids -
Sampling of liquefied natural gas
- Continuous method
GB/T 20603-2006 ISO 8943 IDT Release
3 Terminology of liquefied natural gas SY/T
pre-feasibility
study
2010 plan
4
the guidebook for drawing up
application report of liquefied
natural gas project
SY/T
2009plan
5
Analysis
Measurement
Refrigerated hydrocarbon liquids;
static measurement; calculation
procedure
GB/T ISO 6578 MOD
Release
Candidate
2007plan
6
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids -
Liquefied natural gas - Procedure
for custody transfer on board
ship
GB/T ISO 133981997 MOD
Release
Candidate
2007plan
7
Standard specification for LNG
density calculation models
GB/T21068-2007 ASTM D4784-93 IDT Release
8
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids;
measurement of temperature in
tanks containing liquefied gases;
resistance thermometers and
thermocouples
GB/T ISO 8310 IDT Release
2007plan
9
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids;
calibration of membrane tanks
and indepedent prismatic tanks
in ships; physical measurement
GB/T ISO 8311 IDT Release
2007plan
10
Refrigerated light-hydrocarbon fluids;
calibration of spherical tanks in
ships; part 1: stereo-
photogrammetry
GB/T ISO 9091-1 IDT
Release
Candidate
2007plan
Notes: In the sheet of standard coherence and standard codes adopted IDT-equate standard adopted , MOD- modified standard adopted GB-national
standard SY-industrial standard, others are criterion codes
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Table2 The LNG standard system table of nation
and industry
11
Analysis
Measure-
Ment
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids -- Measurement of
liquid levels in tanks containing liquefied gases --
Electrical capacitance gauges
GB/T ISO 8309 IDT
Be
released
2007 plan
12
Refrigerated light-hydrocarbon fluids -- Measurement of
liquid levels in tanks containing liquefied gases --
Float-type level gauges
GB/T ISO 10574 IDT
Release
Candidate
2007 plan
13
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids; calibration of
spherical tanks in ships; part 2: triangulation
measurement
GB/T ISO 9091-2 IDT
14
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids -- Measurement of
liquid levels in tanks containing liquefied gases --
Microwave-type level gauge
GB/T ISO 13689 2010 plan
15
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids - General
requirements for automatic level gauges - Part 1:
Gauges onboard ships carrying liquefied gases
GB/T ISO 18132-1-2006 IDT 2011 plan
16
Refrigerated light hydrocarbon fluids - General
requirements for automatic level gauges - Part 2:
refrigerated Level gauge for shore-based storage
tank
GB/T ISO 18132-2-2006 IDT 2011 plan
17
Production
Storage
and
Transporta
-tion
Production, storage and handling of Liquefied Natural
Gas (LNG)
GB/T 20368-
2006
NFPA 59A IDT
Release
(Amendment )
18
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Vehicular
Fuel Systems Code
GB/T NFPA 57 IDT
pre-feasibility
study
2009 plan
19
Installation and equipment for liquefied natural gas -
Design of onshore installations
GB/T EN 1473 MOD
examine and
approve
2007 plan
20
Installation and equipment for liquefied natural gas -
Ship to shore interface
GB/T EN 1532 IDT
Release
Candidate
2007 plan
21
Design and manufacture of site built, vertical,
cylindrical, flat-bottomed steel tanks (Part 1~5)
GB/T EN 14620 MOD constituted
2009 plan have
made known
NO
.
Categories
Standard Name
Standard
Number/
should be level
Standard criteria
have been adopted
Code
Standard
level
current
state
remarks
Notes: In the sheet of standard coherence and standard codes adopted IDT-equate standard adopted , MOD- modified standard adopted GB-national
standard SY-industrial standard, others are criterion codes
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
22
Production
Storage
and
Transporta
tion
Design and Construction of Large,
Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks
SY/T0608-
2006
API Std
620:2002
MOD Release
23 Structural use of concrete GB/T BS 8110 IDT
24
FIP 1993 Report of the International
Association of Prestressed Typical
design specification of prestressed
concrete structures
GB/T
CEB-
FIP:1990
IDT
25
Design Specification for Liquefied Natural
Gas Port and Jetty
JTJ 304-
2003
Release
(Amendment )
Industry
Standard
26 Tank containers for liquefied natural gas
JB/T 4780-
2002
Release
Industry
Standard
27
Installation and equipment for liquefied
natural gas - Design and testing of
loading/unloading arms
GB/T
BS EN
1474-1997
IDT 2009 plan
28
Liquefied Natural Gas Underground
Storage Tank
29
safety
Technical safety code for liquefied
natural gas receiving terminal
SY/T 6711-
2008
Release
30
Technical safety code for liquefied
natural gas receiving terminal
SY
pre-feasibility
study
31
Safety operation specification for
liquefied natural gas Port and Jetly
SY
pre-feasibility
study
32
Periodic inspection specification for
terminal of liquefied natural gas
SY
pre-feasibility
study
33
energy-
saving
make use of cold energy SY/T
NO. Categories Standard Name
Standard
Number/
should be
level
Standard
criteria
have been
adopted
Code
Standard
level
current
state
remarks
Notes: In the sheet of standard coherence and standard codes adopted IDT-equate standard adopted , MOD- modified standard adopted GB-
national standard SY-industrial standard, others are criterion codes
Table2 The LNG standard system table of nation
and industry
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Contents
20
0 Preface
1 Establishment of National and Industrial Standard
System for LNG Profession
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard System
for LNG Industry in CNOOC
3 Collection of LNG Engineering Associated standard
series
4 Participation International Standardization WG10
actively
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project
Quality Management
6 Conclusion
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 21
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard
System for LNG Industry in CNOOC
2.1 LNG Enterprise Standard System Compilation
2.1.1 System Compilation
LNG Project management could be categorized into:
Previous Stage which consists of Market Investigation, Pre-feasibility Study,
Feasibility Study and Project Establishment Application,
Middle Stage which consists of FEED, Detailed Design and Construction,
Later stage which consists of Examination and Acceptance and
Commissioning.
Current oversea standard and domestic project associated standard cant
satisfy the requirements of all the phases of LNG project, especially lacks
relevant standards of early stage, middle and later stage of project
management which has Chinese characteristics. CNOOC takes the lead to
invest in construction of the first several LNG projects of China and gained
rich experience, which lays foundation for the compilation of enterprise
standards.
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 22
2.2 CNOOC LNG Enterprise Standard System
2.2.1 LNG Enterprise Standard System Table
With respect to the detailed part of Technology, Management and
Work, especially those relating to quality management program and
detailed technology requirement of LNG project plan, it can only be
accomplished by reinforcing Enterprise Standardization based on
enterprises actual situation.
Target market investigation of LNG project location, project
application report, project management, engineering design, bidding,
project acceptance and post-appraisal etc. all lack national and
industry standard.
Therefore, we compile CNOOCs LNG Enterprise Standard System
(Table 3) in the hope of establishing enterprise standards available
for reference for all parts from project establishment application to its
completion and meet the requirement of industry development.
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard
System for LNG Industry in CNOOC
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 23
Type Standard Name Year of Completion
Foundation
type
1.Standardization Management Promulgated
2.Standard Compilation Implementing Regulations Promulgated
3.LNG Project Management Manual 2009
Project
Prophase
Study
4.LNG Project Opportunity Study Report
Compilation Instructions
planning
5.LNG Project Pre-feasibility Study Report
Compilation Instructions
planning
6.LNG Project Feasibility Study Report
Compilation Instructions
2009
7. LNG Project Establishment Application Report
Compilation Instructions
Promulgated
8. LNG Project Safety Pre-Evaluation Report
Compilation Instructions
Promulgated
Design Phase
9.LNG Receiving Terminal Layout planning
10.LNG Project Engineering Preliminary Design
Documentation Compilation Instructions
planning
Table 3: CNOOC LNG Enterprise Standard System
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard
System for LNG Industry in CNOOC
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 24
Type Standard Name Year of Completion
Acceptance
Phase
11.LNG Project Acceptance Regulations The 1
st
Part
Receiving Terminal Engineering
Promulgated
12. LNG Project Acceptance Regulations The 2
nd
Part
Harbour Engineering (2008)
promulgated
13. LNG Project Acceptance Regulations The 3
nd
Part
Pipeline Engineering
promulgated
14. Evaluation Report Compilation Instructions of LNG
Trunkline Completion and Acceptance
Health,
Safety and
Enviroment
15.LNG Project Safety Technology Regulations Promulgated
16.LNG Project HSE Management Manual
Economic
Evaluation
Type
17.Compilation Instructions of LNG Project Feasibility
Study of Investment Budget
promulgated
18.Compilation Instructions of LNG Project Feasibility
Study of other Investment Budget
promulgated
19.LNG Project Investment Budget Index 2009
20.LNG Project Economic Evaluation Methods and
Parameters
2009
21.LNG Project Engineering Quantity Lists Pricing Model 2009
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard
System for LNG Industry in CNOOC
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Contents
25
0 Preface
1 Establishment of National and Industrial Standard
System for LNG Profession
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard System
for LNG industry in CNOOC
3 Collection of LNG Engineering Associated standard
series
4 Participation International Standardization WG10
actively
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project
Quality Management
6 Conclusion
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 26
3 Collection of LNG Engineering
Associated Standard Series
3.1 LNG Engineering Associated National Legal System Structure
All the LNG Engineering Construction in China region must be carried out under
Chinese relevant laws and regulations framework and enforceable.
Considering the related contents of LNG introduced project. Laws and
regulations at national and municipal level which must be obeyed includes
health, safety, environment, engineering construction quality specifications,
bylaws etc. The frame is as following diagram .
National Laws and Regulations
Health Type Safety Type Environment Protection Type
Engineering Construction
Quality Management
Regulations Type
Engineering Construction
Project Management
Regulations Type
Engineering Construction General
Contracting Management
Regulations Type
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 27
3.2 Standard System Classification
As the regular LNG engineering includes four parts: receiving terminal
(including tank), jetty, pipeline, and utilities, the classification will be carried
out in accordance with function with this as the main line, e.g.
J etty falls into: general chart, shipping, navigation channel, breakwater, jetty
engineering, navigation channel safety;
Receiving terminal falls into: gasification technology, tank, equipment and
installation, materials, manifold, metering;
Pipeline falls into: pipeline engineering, pipeline crossing, pipeline
anticorrosion, electric communication, foundation anti-earthquake, fire
alarm;
Utilities falls into: construction structure, water supply and drainage, heating
and ventilating, building lighting, safety and environment, construction
foundation etc.
The following could be divided into products, design and construction. LNG
professional standards are 21, jetty 22, receiving terminal 661, tank 13,
pipeline 98, HSE 328(see chart 2), altogether 1140.
3 Collation of LNG Engineering
Associated Standard Series
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 28
Standard System Classification
receiving terminal jetty pipeline utilities
3 Collation of LNG Engineering
Associated Standard Series
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Contents
29
0 Preface
1 Establishment of National and Industrial Standard
System for LNG Profession
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard System
for LNG Industry in CNOOC
3 Collection of LNG Engineering Associated standard
series
4 Participation International Standardization WG10
actively
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project
Quality Management
6 Conclusion
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 30
4 Participate International Standardization WG10
actively
Conducting LNG Standard System Study is the necessity in
Chinese LNG production and market, and its needful overseas
and domestic situation development.
The situation requires LNG standard system to get integrated
into international criteria, adjust correspondingly and create
Chinas own LNG standard system, and makes it the
indispensable, internationalized and competitive LNG
standardization guiding documents in overseas and domestic oil
and gas markets. It can be utilized to speed up LNG industry and
standardization process and guide state, industry and enterprise
LNG standards enactment and revision in future.
In 2006, ISO set up LNG working team in T67 technology
commission which is of the same characteristic with our current
LNG sub-technology commission. Therefore, taking part in WG10
actively is very helpful.
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 31
Erect internationalized Chinese LNG Standard System is a systemized project, Standard
Selection must be based on Standard Selection System and try to keep consistent with LNG
standard system with Standard Selection , especially those regional standards selection.
During the standard selection, process, selecting from which country and which series is
always the difficult facing us.
Developed countries have a variety of LNG standards, such as European, American, British,
Norway, French, Japanese, and so on. Also they have ISOENAPIABSDNVIEEE
ASTMASME, etc.
Although they are dealing with the same technical issues, some of these standards are
stricter in some aspects, others are stricter in some other aspects.
How to select to lower engineering costs as well as mitigate risks and confine the risks to
certain level requires a great deal of investigation, there is no exception with the standard
selection of System.
Japanese LNG standards system, whether its advancement, safety or its practicality or
effectiveness, is non-disputable, but it cant be used for it has its own system and not
consistent with ISO and European and American standard system, so we have to abandon it as
the reference standard.
Of course, as previously stated, concrete enterprise should use them as reference when
they are formulating certain individual standards or state and industry standards.
4 Participate International Standardization WG10
actively
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 32
As China is the member country and permanent member of ISO, together
with the fact that China is at preliminary stage of building LNG project based
on ISO and European and American .So we decide to take international
standard and overseas advanced standard like ISO, EN, etc. to erect
Chinas own LNG standard system.
Therefore, participating ISO/T67/WG10 is the main road to get our current
LNG standardization internationalized.
4 Participate International Standardization WG10
actively
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 33
American
standards
European
standards
J apanese
standards
Other
countries
and areas
standards
ISO
standards
4 Participate International Standardization WG10
actively
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Contents
34
0 Preface
1 Establishment of National and Industrial Standard
System for LNG Profession
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard System
for LNG industry in CNOOC
3 Collection of LNG Engineering Associated standard
series
4 Participation International Standardization WG10
actively
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project
Quality Management
6 Conclusion
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 35
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in
Project Quality Management
5.1 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project Quality
Management
5.1.1 The main Contribution of International/National LNG
Professional Standard
a. LNG Resources
LNG Resources are the foundation of project establishment application.
How to secure qualified LNG resources needs to regulate the
specifications by standard. Relying on LNG General Specification by
ISO resolves the issue of Specification and usage safety during
resources selection and provides important reference index for
resources negotiations.
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 36
b. LNG Tank Construction
LNG Tank is the key part of Project. China has never been involved in this
engineering before and lacks such kind of standards. Relying on
Cryogenic Temperature Vertical Flat Bottom Cylinder Type Tank by ISO
EN standard and Design and Construction of Large Sized Welding Low
Temperature Tank by American API standard and LNG Equipment and
Installation by European Union standard provide valuable design,
construction and acceptance regulations for LNG Project key engineering.
c. LNG Measurement
During commissioning process, LNG measurement must be consistent with
international standard. We not only should pay attention to the LNG
volume and weight measurement but also should focus on LNG energy
value measurement, for different LNG composition could influence the
energy value is the main deciding factor of price. Currently, energy
measurement is generally used internationally and we select from
internationally used measurement standard so as to cooperate and
communicate with international counterparts more easily.
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in
Project Quality Management
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 37
5.1.2 The Main Contribution of CNOOC LNG Enterprise Standard
a. LNG Project Prophase Study
As China is different in its national conditions, we dont have any
oversea standards for reference when conducting LNG project
prophase site selection and report to the national competent
departments for approval.
Enterprise standards which are being compiled and developed are:
LNG Project Site Selection Report Compilation Instructions, LNG
Project Pre-feasibility Study Compilation Instructions, LNG Project
Feasibility Study Compilation Instructions and LNG Project
Application Report Compilation Instructions, which regulate the
compilation contents and format of the prophase serial report and
have guiding significance to prophase work.
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in
Project Quality Management
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 38
b. Project Management
LNG project management is a comprehensive management process
relating to project progress, budget, quality and HSE. We cant 100% copy
overseas project management experience and practice, and have to
summarize and improve based on our own project practice so that we can
use it in our future LNG Project.
We are in the process of compiling LNG Project Management Manual based
on Dapeng and Fujian LNG Project practice, which will offer reference for
future LNG project quality management.
c. LNG Project Acceptance
After investigation and project running, we find post evaluation of LNG
project engineering completion and acceptance and LNG trunkline
completion and acceptance also has no international reference. Therefore,
we start to compile enterprise standards like LNG Project Engineering
Completion and Acceptance and LNG Trunkline Completion and
Acceptance based on Dapeng an Fujian LNG project practice, which will
provide method and tools for project later stage quality management .
Currently, the receiving terminal, jetty and pipeline separate index of LNG
Project Engineering Completion and Acceptance has been submitted to
CNOOC headquarter for review and will be released.
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in
Project Quality Management
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 39
In short, International/State/Industry Standard and Enterprise standard
system cover different aspects of LNG project phases.
Currently, the international, state , industry and enterprise standard
system serials with respect to jetty, receiving terminal, pipeline and
utilities basically cover each engineering and each phases of LNG
introduced project quality management .But state standard and
enterprise standard still need to be improved, especially the industry
standard need each enterprises companies who come into the LNG
industry concerted efforts.
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in
Project Quality Management
CNOOC Gas & Power Group
Contents
40
0 Preface
1 Establishment of National and Industrial Standard
System for LNG Profession
2 Establishment of the Enterprise Standard System
for LNG industry in CNOOC
3 Collection of LNG Engineering Associated standard
series
4 Participation International Standardization WG10
actively
5 The Role of LNG Project Standard System in Project
Quality Management
6 Conclusion
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6 Conclusion
During the pioneering period of Chinas LNG industry, selecting foreign
standards and regulations suitable to Chinas national conditions and
establishing state standard system and then directly select standard or modify
selected standard by extensive investigation and comparison of international
industry standards is the shortcut to compile Chinese state standards.
From actual situations of LNG project quality management and based on the
technical and management experience, compiling LNG enterprise standard at
this right time is the proved and effective way to remedy the shortage of state
standards and overcome complex process which is characterized by long
process from project establishment application to approve and release, and
effective way to supplement enterprise standard of LNG project management in
time.
Industry standards is the achievement reached by all the enterprises which has
gained access to LNG industry. Industry standards is the regulation to regulate
industry technology and management behavior, and the inevitable way to
expedite speedy development of Chinas LNG industry.
In a word, the improvement of Chinas LNG industry relies on the establishment
and perfection of state, industry and enterprise LNG standards.
CNOOC Gas & Power Group 42
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YOUR ATTENTION!