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AUTOMATIC GATE CONTROL FOR OPENING AND CLOSING SYSTEM

ABSTRACT:

Aim of this project is to operate and control the unmanned gate in the proper manner in order
to avoid the accidents in the unmanned crossing. The train accidents due to the absence of
human power in the crossing are the major problems faced by the population. In order to
overcome the accidents due to the above problem

The components to be involved in this project are PIC controller, IR transmitter and receiver
and the control circuit for the railway-crossing gate. The IR transmitter and a receiver will be
placed in the certain distance [e.g.10km from the left and right] from the level crossing. In
the absence of the train arrival the data will be getting transmitted from the transmitter to the
receiver at that time the gate will be in the opened condition

During the movement of the train from the left to right through the track the data from the IR
transmitter and the receiver will get stopped at that time the signal will be given to the
controller which controls the gate controlled circuit. As soon as the control circuit receives
the signal it closes the level crossing gate. At the time when the IR receiver placed in the
right side receives the data from the transmitter placed at the same time the signal will be
given to the controller which controls the gate controlled circuit. As soon as the controlled
circuit signals the gate gets opened.


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The same process will be repeated for the train travelling from right to left. The only change
is the gate will open based on the signal from the right side placed transmitter/receiver and
gate will get closed based on the signal from the left side placed transmitter/receiver

WORKING OPERATION:
ADVANTAGES
This system determines the accurate position than the manual method.
This system reduces the manufacturing lead time.
This system eliminates the manual work.
Highly accurate and more efficient.
Compact and quick response.
DISADVANTAGES

Maintenance cost is higher
Electronic system may failure at any time















LINE DIAGRAM OF THE SYSTEM








Gate Gate





0.25 H.P
PUMP
TRAIN
SENSOR-2
TRAIN
SENSOR-1



CONTROLLER
RELAY
DRIVER
& RELAYS

DC MOTOR