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Activity 1: Questions and Problems
1. Derive and write the formuas of the norma sats formed !" the
foowing a#ids and metas \$the vaen#e indi#ated in the
parenthesis%. Give the name of the sats.
a. &uphuri# a#id and Potassium \$1%
2K + H
2
SO
4
K
2
SO
4
+ H
2
K
2
SO
4 ~>
Potassium Sul!ate
!. 'ar!oni# a#id and !arium \$2%
"a + H
2
#O
\$
"a#O
\$
+ H
2
"a#O
\$
~> "arium #arbonate
#. &uphuri# a#id and (ron \$3%
2%e + \$H
2
SO
4
%e
2
&SO
4
'
\$
+ \$H
2

%e
2
&SO
4
'
\$
~> %erric Sul!ate
2. )rite the #hemi#a formuas of the foowing sats
a. *errous and *erri# 'horide
%e#l
2
and %e#l
\$
!. 'uprous and 'upri# 'horide
#u#l and #u#l
2
#. &odium &uphate and Potassium 'ar!onate
(a
2
SO
4
and K
2
#O
\$
3. Determine the vaen#e of the metas in the foowing neutra sats+
a. ,ithium suphate- ,i&./ and &iver nitrate 0g1.3

+2+)*+
,iSO
4
t!e valence o- ,it!ium is 2
+1+.*)
A/(O
\$
t!e valence o- Silver is 1
/
3
+2+)*+
#dSO
4
t!e valence o- #admium is 2
+2+4*+
Pb#O
\$
t!e valence o- ,ead is 2
#. 'hromium suphate- 'r
2
\$&.
/
%
3
and &tanni# #horide &n'
/

3
6
+
+

3
18
+
+
0+\$ 0+) *24
t!e valence o- #!romium is \$
#r
2
&SO
4
'
\$

+4 *4
Sn#l
4
t!e valence o- Stannic is 4
/. 1ame of the foowing sats
a. 1a1.
2
and 1a1.
3
(a(O
2
~> Sodium (itrite
(a(O
\$
~> Sodium (itrate
!. *e&.
/
and *e
2
\$&.
/
%
3
%eSO
4
~> %errous Sul!ate
%e
2
&SO
4
'
\$
~> %erric Sul!ate
#. 'u' and 'u'
2
#u#l ~> #urous #!loride
#u#l
2
~> #uric #!loride
d. 2
2
'.
3
and 2
3
P.
/
K
2
#O
\$
~> Potassium #arbonate
K
\$
PO
4
~> Potassium P!os!ate
5. )rite the stru#tura formuas of the foowing neutra sats+
a. Potassium &uphate
K
2
SO
4
K O O
S
K O O
!. &odium 'ar!onate
(a
2
#O
\$
(a O
# O
(a O
#. 'a#ium &uphate
#aSO
4
O O
#a S
O O
d. 0uminium 1itrate
Al&(O
\$
'
\$

O
O (
O
O
Al O (
O
O
O (
O
e. 'a#ium 1itrate
#a&(O
\$
'
2
O
O (
O
#a
O
O (
O
f. *erri# &uphate
%e
2
&SO
4
'
\$
O O
S
%e O O
O O
S
O O
%e O O
S
O O
3. Give the names and derive stru#tura formuas of the foowing
sats+
a. 1a4&.
/
Sodium acid sul!ate
Sodium !ydro sul!ate
Sodium !ydro/en sul!ate
(a O O
S
H O O
!. 24'.
3
Potassium acid carbonate
Potassium !ydro carbonate
Potassium !ydro/en carbonate
K O
# O
H O
#. 'a\$4'.
3
%
2
#alcium acid carbonate
#alcium !ydro carbonate
#alcium !ydro/en carbonate
H O
# O
O
#a
O
# O
H O
d. 1a4
2
P.
/
Sodium acid !os!ate
Sodium !ydro !os!ate
Sodium !ydro/en !os!ate
(a O
H O P O
H O
e. 0\$.4%'
2
5asi# auminium #horide
O H
Al #l
#l
f. 6g
2
\$.4%
2
'.
3
"asic ma/nesium carbonate
H O
1/
O
# O
O
1/
O H
7. )hat are the formuas of the sats having the foowing names+
a. 5arium suphate
"aSO
4
!. 6agnesium nitrate
1/&(O
\$
'
2
#. Potassium suphide
K
2
S
d. Potassium phosphate
K
\$
PO
4
e. *erri# nitrate
%e&(O
\$
'
\$
f. 'a#ium #ar!onate
#a#O\$
8. )rite the e9uations of severa rea#tions how the foowing
su!stan#es formed+
a. 'a#ium 'horide
#a + 2H#l #a#l
2
+ H
2
!. :in# &uphate
2n + H
2
SO4 2nSO
4
+ H
2
#. &iver 1itrate
A/OH + H(O
\$
A/(O
\$
+ H
2
d. 0uminium &uphate
\$H
2
SO
4
+ 2Al&OH'
\$
Al
2
&SO
4
'
\$
+ )H
2
O
e. 5arium Phosphate
\$"a + 2H
\$
PO
4
"a
\$
&PO
4
'
2
+ \$H
2
f. *erri# 1itrate
\$H(O
\$
+ %e&OH'
\$
%e&(O\$'\$ + \$H2O
;. )rite the e9uations of neutrai<ation rea#tions how the foowing
norma sats are formed+
a. 1a'
(aOH + H#l (a#l + H
2
O
!. 21.
3
KOH + H(O
\$
K(O
\$
+ H
2
O
#. 6g\$1.
3
%
2
1/&OH'
2
+ 2H(O
\$
1/&(O
\$
'
2
+2H
2
O
d. 2
2
'.
3
2KOH + H
2
#O
\$
K
2
#O
\$
+ 2H
2
O
e. 1a
3
P.
/
\$(aOH + H
\$
PO
4
(a
\$
PO
4
+ \$H
2
O
f. 0'
3
Al&OH'
\$
+ \$H#l Al#l
\$
+ \$H
2
O
1=. )rite the e9uations of severa rea#tion of in#ompete
neutrai<ation as a resut of whi#h the foowing a#id and !asi# sats
are formed
a. 1a4&.
/
(aOH + H
2
SO
4
(aHSO
4
+ H
2
3
!. 24'.
3
KOH + H
2
#O
\$
KH#O
\$
+ H
2
O
#. 'a\$4'.
3
%
2
#a&OH'
2
+ 2H
2
#O
\$
#a&H#O
\$
'
2
+ 2H
2
O
d. 24
2
P.
/
H
\$
PO
4
+ KOH KH
2
PO
4
+ H
2
O
e. 'a\$4'.3%2
#a&OH'
2
+ 2H
2
#O
\$
#a&H#O
\$
'
2
+ 2H
2
O
f. 0\$.4%'2
Al&OH'
\$
+ 2H#l Al&OH'#l
2
+ 2H
2
O
11. 'an the foowing rea#tion !e a##ompished in soution >
a. *e&.
/
? 5a'
2
5a&.
/
? *e'
2
4es5 it can6 7!e reaction can be accomlis!ed in solution6
!. 0g' ? 21.
3
0g1.
3
? 2'
(o5 it can8t6 7!e reaction can8t be accomlis!ed in
solution6
12. 'ompete the foowing e9uation and indi#ate whi#h of the
rea#tions represented go pra#ti#a" to #ompetion>
a. 5a'
2
? 1a1.
3

"a#l
2
+ 2(a(O
\$
"a&(O
\$
'
2
+ 2(a#l
!. 2' ? P!\$1.
3
%
2
2K#l + Pb&(O
\$
'
2
2K(O
\$
+ Pb#l
2
#. 0g1.
3
? 'a'
2
2A/(O
\$
+ #a#l
2
2A/#l + #a&(O
\$
'
2
d. 'a'
2
? 1a
2
'.
3
#a#l
2
+ (a
2
#O
\$
#a#O
\$
+ 2(a#l
e. 1a
2
'.
3
? 4'
(a
2
#O
\$
+ 2H#l 2(a#l + H
2
#O
\$
f. 1a' ? 2
2
&.
/
2(a#l + K
2
SO
4
(a
2
SO
4
+ 2K#l
13. 'ompete the e9uation of the rea#tion that o##ur !etween the
foowing su!stan#es+
a. 1a
2
. ? &.
3
(a
2
O + SO
\$
(a
2
SO
4
!. 'a. ? 1
2
.
5
#aO + (
2
O
.
#a&(O
\$
'
2
#. 02.
3
? &.
3
Al
2
SO
\$
+ \$SO
\$
Al
2
&SO
4
'
\$
d. 2.4 ? '.
2
2KOH + #O
2
K
2
#O
\$
+ H
2
O
e. 'a\$.4%
2
? &.
2
#a&OH'
2
+ SO
2
#aSO
\$
+ H
2
O
f. 1a.4 ? 1
2
.
5
2(aOH + (
2
O
.
2(a(O
\$
+ H
2
O
g. 'a\$.4%
2
? &.
3

#a&OH'
2
+ SO
\$
#aSO
4
+ H
2
O
h. 'a\$.4%
2
? 1
2
.
5
#a&OH'
2
+ (
2
O
.
#a&(O
\$
'
2
+ H
2
O
1/. )rite the e9uation of severa rea#tions !" means of whi#h
ea#h of the foowing su!stan#es #an !e o!tained +
a. 'a'.
3
#a&OH'
2
+ H
2
#O
\$
#a#O
\$
+ 2H
2
O
!. 0'
3
Al
2
&#O
\$
'
\$
+ )(a#l 2Al#l
\$
+ \$(a
2
#O
\$
#. 5a&.
/
"a&OH'
2
+ H
2
SO
4
"aSO
4
+ 2H
2
O
d. 6g\$1.
3
%
2
1/SO
4
+ 2H(O
\$
1/&(O
\$
'
2
+ H
2
SO
4
e. 'a\$1.
3
%
2
#a + 2H(O
\$
#a&(O
\$
'
2
+ H
2
f. 0
2
\$&.
/
%
3
Al
2
O
\$
+ \$H
2
SO
4
Al
2
&SO
4
'
\$
+ \$H
2
O
g. *e'.
3
%eSO
4
+ #a#O
\$
%e#O
\$
+ #aSO
4
h. 5a
3
\$P.
/
%
2
2H
\$
PO
4
+ \$"aSO
4
"a
\$
&PO
4
'
2
+ \$H
2
SO
4
i. 0P.
/
2Al + 2n
\$
&PO
4
'
2
2AlPO
4
+ \$2n
15. )hat new sats #an !e o!tained if :n&.
/
and 0g1.
3
are
avaia!e- and aso 1a
3
P.
/
and 5a'
2
> )rite the #orresponding
e9uations and give the names of the sats o!tained@
:n&.
/
? 0g1.
3
2nSO
4
+ 2A/(O
\$
2n&(O
\$
'
2
+ A/
2
SO
4
2inc (itrate + Silver Sul!ate
1a
3
P.
/
? 5a'
2
2(a
\$
PO
4
+ \$"a#l
2
)(a#l + "a
\$
&PO
4
'
2
Sodium #!loride + "arium P!os!ate
13. )rite the e9uations of the intera#tion !etween potassium
h"droAide- 2.4 and suphur dioAide- &.
2
. )hat is the name of
resuting sat> 4ow man" grams of potassium h"droAide are needed
to produ#e 15-8 g of this sat>
2KOH + SO
2
K
2
SO
\$
+ H
2
O
Potassium Sul!ite
9 1.5+ /
mole 0
mm
weight
mole K
2
SO
4
0
g/mole 158
g 8 , 15
0 351 mole
mole KOH 0
1
2
: 351 mole 0 352 mole
;ei/!t 0 mole : mm
; KOH0 352 mole : .) /<mole 0 1152 /ram
17. 4ow man" grams of 5arium 'ar!onate #an !e o!tained !"
passing 11-2 itre of 'ar!on DioAide at &TP through !ar"ta water-
5a\$.4%
2
@
"a&OH'
2
+ #O
2
"a#O
\$
+ H
2
O
1152 litres 9
mole 0
Vm
V

0
/mole 22,4
2 , 11

mole "a#O
\$
0
1
1
: 35. mole 0 35. mole
=ei/!t "a#O
\$
0 mole : mm
0 35. mole : 1>? /<mole
0 >+5. /