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Vmware Interview Questions

1.
Explain about your production environment? How many clusters, ESX,
Data Centers, H/w etc ?
2.How does VMotion works? Whats the port number used for it?
3. Prerequisites for Vmotion
4. How does HA works? Port number? How many host failure allowed
and why?
5. What are active host / primary host in HA? Explain it?
6. Prerequisites for HA ?
7. How do DRS works? Which technology used? What are the priority
counts tomigrate the VMs?
8.How does snap shots works?
9. What are the files will be created while creating a VM and after
powering onthe VM?
10. If the VMDK header file corrupt what will happen? How do you
troubleshoot?
11. Prerequisites VC, Update manager?
12. Have you ever patched the ESX host? What are the steps involved
in that?
13. Have you ever installed an ESX host? What are the pre and post
conversionsteps involved in that? What would be the portions listed?
What would be themax size of it?
14.I turned on Maintenance mode in an ESX host, all the VMs has been
migrated to another host, but only one VM failed to migrate? What are
thepossible reasons?
15. How will you turn start / stop a VM through command prompt?
16.I have upgraded a VM from 4 to 8 GB RAM; its getting failed at 90%
of powering on? How do you troubleshoot?
17. Storage team provided the new LUN ID to you? How will you
configure theLUN in VC? What would be the block size (say for 500 GB
volume size)?
18. I want to add a new VLAN to the production network? What are the
stepsinvolved in that? And how do you enable it?
19. Explain about VCB? What it the minimum priority (*) to consolidate
amachine?20. How VDR works?
21.Whats the difference between Top and ESXTOP command?
22. How will you check the network bandwidth utilization in an ESXS
host throughcommand prompt?
23.How will you generate a report for list of ESX, VMs,RAM and CPU
used inyour Vsphere environment?
24. What the difference between connecting the ESX host through VC
andVsphere? What are the services involved in that? What are the port
numberss used?
25. How does FT works? Prerequisites? Port used?
26. Can I VMotion between 2 different data centers? Why?
27. Can I deploy a VM by template in different data centers ?
28. I want to increase the system partition size (windows 2003 server-
Guest OS)of a VM? How will you do it without any interruption to the end
user?
29. Which port number used while 2 ESX transfer the data in between?
30. Unable to connect to a VC through Vsphere client? What could be
thereason? How do you troubleshoot?
31. Have you ever upgraded the ESX 3.5 to 4.0? How did you do it?
32. What are the Vsphere 4.0, VC 4.0, ESX 4.0, VM 7.0 special
features?
33. What is AAM? Where is it used? How do you start or stop through
commandprompt?
34. Have you ever called VMWare support? Etc
35. Explain about Vsphere Licensing? License server?
36. How will you change the service console IP?
37.Whats the dif ference between ESX and ESXi?
38.Whats the difference between ESX 3.5 and ESX 4.0?







Vmware Interview Questions:-1. Transparent Page Sharing (TPS)When multiple
virtual machines are running, some of them may have identical sets of
memorycontent. This presents opportunities for sharing memory across virtual
machines (as well as sharingwithin a single virtual machine). For example, several
virtual machines may be running the same guestoperating system, have the same
applications, or contain the same user data. With page sharing,the hypervisor can
reclaim the redundant copies and only keep one copy, which is shared by
multiplevirtual machines in the host physical memory. As a result, the total virtual
machine host memoryconsumption is reduced and a higher level of memory
overcommitment is possible.2.BallooningIdeally, a VM from which memory has
been reclaimed should perform as if it had been configured withless memory.
ESX Server uses a
ballooning
technique to achieve such predictable performance bycoaxing the guest OS into
cooperating with it when possible. This process is d1epicted3.Hypervisor
SwappingHypervisor SwappingIn the cases where Ballooning (and TPS)
are not sufficient to reclaim memory, ESX employs HypervisorSwapping
to reclaim memory. At guest startup, the hypervisor creates a separate swap file
for theguest. This file located in the guests home directory has an extension
.vswpDRSbased on pre-defined rulesintelligently allocating
available resources among the virtual machinesOptimize hardware
utilization automaticallyHAVMware HA ensures that sufficient resources are
available in the resource pool at all times to be ableto restart virtual
machines on different physical servers in the event of server failure.
Restart of virtualmachines is made possible by the Virtual Machine File System
(VMFS)VMOTION1. Entire state of a virtual machine is encapsulated by a set of
files stored on shared storage such asFC,SCSI,NFS2. Memory and system
state, Execution State will be transferred/copy the BITMAP to
VMinstantaneously from running ESX to another ESX3. Networks being used by
the virtual machine are also virtualized by the underlying ESX hostVMotion
manages the virtual MAC address as part of the process. Once the destination
machine isactivated, VMotion pings the network router to ensure that it is
aware of the new physical location of the virtual MAC
addressSVMOTIONlive migration of virtual machine disk files within and across
storage arrays with no downtime ordisruption in service. Storage VMotion
relocates virtual machine disk files from one shared storagelocation toanother
shared storage location with zero downtime,Port Groups1.Virtual Machine(Used
for VM network)2.Service Console(Used for Service Console
Communications)3.Vm Kernel(Used for VMotion, iSCSI, NFS
Communications)What are the files that make
VM?File.VMX,.File.NVRAM.,.File.VSWAP,File.vmfx,.File.vmsd,snapshot
database.vmsn,VMBOIS.vmdk,Virtualmachine diskfile.vswp,Vm
snapshot file.vmss,etc.VM High Availability Fault Tolerance