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a
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I will come within an hour
Arsheen, Amreen, Afreen, Nirmal
Q: The one prestigious awards have since come into so, much bad
odour thanks to lobbying and arbitrariness that today the
Padma (an award) recognition has lost some of the lustre that
accompanied in the earlier years of the republic - Please trans-
late into Telugu.
A: .... [the once, (one .. ] .:... . .. ..
.. .. ..: ... ... .... ... .. .
... .. ... ..:. .....: .t .. . .. .
... .: The once = .... prestigious = .:... bad
odour = .. ./ .... (bad odour . .. .. foul
odour . .... lobbying = .... ... .. .. ....
recognition = ... ... .... lustre = shining,
accompanied = .t ...
Q: To some extent - say in Telugu.
A: ... ...
K. Srikrishna Kumar, Bapatla.
Q: When will you eat are you not hungry. .: 10th Class Public
Examinations ... : error ... ... :......
A: .: grammar . .... punctuation . ..:.: .. .
.: ... sentences errors .. . ..
'When will you eat? Are you not hungry?' - .: correct.
Sagar: Does your sister sing? : ..
.....
Peter: Yes, she does, mostly for movies.
....: ... ...
Sagar: What about your cousin? : cousin
....
Peter: She does too, but not for movies. She
does concerts. .. .. ....: .
... .. .. .... ..:
Sagar: Do they act too? . . .
..
Peter: Neither does. They are averse to per-
forming on the stage. ... ... ...
.. .:. .. .... .... . . .
Averse = Unwilling
Sagar: But they have the talent. . ..
.:. ..: ..
Peter: So have you, but you don't act, either
. ..: .:. . . ....
Sagar: But I am doing a job that assures me
security, and a good salary. . ..:
... .:.. .. ... .
Peter: So is my cousin. She has a plum job
too . cousin :.. ... ...
..: ... ..:
Sagar: But your younger sister isn't. Perhaps
she has no interest in film acting. : ..
... .. ..... .. ...
. .. ..

. .. . .../ ... ..
.. .../ ... short responses
(.. ... practice ... .: .. con-
versational ease ..:
Look at the following
exchanges from the
conversation above.
1) Sagar: Does your
sister sing?
Peter: Yes, she does.
2) Sagar: What about
your cousin?
Peter: She does too,
but for concerts.
3) Sagar: Do they act too?
Peter: Neither does.
4) Sagar: They have the talent.
Peter: So have you.
Spoken English ... questions .
... . ... .....
S: Does your sister sing?
P: Yes, she does.
... 'Does your sister sing?' : .t ..
... ... .. ... ... yes,
she sings .... . spoken form yes,
she does .... . question. answer,
'no' .... No, she doesn't/ No, I/ we/ you/
they don't . ..:
a) Prathap: Do you know English?
Surendra: Yes, I do./ No, I don't.
. .. . . Surendra
response. Yes, I do .... .
... ...: .. Yes, I
speak English/ No, I don't speak
English . ..
b) Naresh: Will you see me
tomorrow?
Neeraj: Yes, I will/ No, I won't.
... ... helping verbs (do,
does, did, shall, should, will,
would, can, could, may, might, must, have to,
has to, and had to, need and ought) ....
:.. :. short responses ..:....
1) Are you happy? (Both Yes/ No)
2) Hope you won't do it again
3) Do you like Telugu movies (Yes/ No)
4) Should he come again? (Yes)
5) You like milk, don't you? (Yes/ No)
6) Will you be there tomorrow? (Yes/ No)
7) Were you at the meeting yesterday? (Yes/
No)
8) Need we attend the meeting? (Yes/ No)
9) Do you know the answer? (Yes/ No)
10) Doesn't he help you? (Yes/ No)
A correction: In the functional English part of
lesson No. 732 (28.04.2013), in the first col-
umn, read 'I come from Nellore', instead of, 'I
came from Nellore', both in the conversation
part and explanation part.
I come from Nellore = I am a native of/I
belong to Nellore. .: ..
I came from Nellore = I arrived from Nellore
.. .: ..
Answers
1) Yes, I am/ No, I am not
2) No, I won't
3) Yes, I do/ No, I don't
4) Yes, he should
5) Yes, I do/ No, I don't
6) Yes, I will/ No, I won't
7) Yes, I was/ No, I wasn't
8) Yes, we need to/ No, we needn't
9) Yes, I do/ No I don't
10) Yes, he does/ No, he doesn't
Sana Afreen, Yellandu
Q: Are you going there,
aren't you?/ Aren't you
going there, are you? -
Do these two give the
same meaning?
A: You are going there, aren't you?
(Are you going there, aren't you?
..= The speaker thinks you are
going and wants to be sure of it =
:. ... .. ... :.
... ... ...
. . ........ ..
..
You aren't going there, are you?
(Aren't you going there, are you
.. The speaker thinks you are
not going there, and wants to be
sure of it :. ... . ..
... :. ... .. . :.
... . . ........
.. ..
So, you see they are different.
Q: He is a tall person/ height person-
Which one is correct?
A: He is a tall person - correct
Q: i) The robbery goes wrong on his
turf
ii) The three perpetrators move on an
unexpecting family
iii) He has to get everybody to sur-
vive.
iv) I am getting married after three
months.
... .. :......
A: i) On his turf = .... ..
. ..
The robbery goes wrong on his turf
= :. .... .t ... .
... sentence ... .:
.. .... .... .. .
.. ... ... ..:: ..
ii and iii - sentences .. .. ..
.... ..... .... .t
.... ... .... . .
iv) .. .. ... .. ...
.
Q: The shop is open between four to
seven - say if the above sentence is
correct or not.
A: The shop is open between 4 and 7
- correct.
Q: Under arms and every passing day
- Means what?
A: Difficult to explain the meaning
unless the context is clear ....
.t.... ... ...
Q: I am buying the house after one
month, can this sentence be said to
say future action?
A: It can be
Usha Vasundhara,
Khammam.
Q: He flops at every venture he
starts and is always been chased by
money. Translate into Telugu.
A: The sentence is wrong. It should be,
He flops at .... and is always chased/
has always been chased by money =
... ...:.. .: ....
.:... ... . ...
..... ....: Sentence
there is some mistake. Check it.
Q: Improvise - give the meaning.
A: Improvise = .. .... ..
.. .. . .. ....
.. . .. .... .
../ .. ..: ... ..
... (Make a thing we need
by using whatever we can
find because we do not have
the thing/ material we need)
... ... . ..
spoon . .. . ...
... spoon ..:
.... .. .: impro-
vise.
: ... cricket stumps ..
.. ... .. ..... .:
improvise.
Q: What does it
mean/ What
do they means
- say if the
above two are
correct or not?
A: What does it
mean? = ...
...
...
What do they means? - Wrong
What do they mean? = ... .
.../ ... .../ . ... ...
The two sentences above are correct if
they have question marks at the end.
Q: They did have gone - say if the
above one is correct or not?
A: It is wrong.
Q: "You are a teacher" He/ he said -
please say which one of the above
underlined is suitable.
A: 'You are a teacher,' he said - correct.
Q: Tomorrow I will
come/ I will come
tomorrow - say the
difference.
A: I will come tomorrow
- in English, the time
expression (tomor-
row, next week, later,
etc) should be at the
end of the sentence.
733
M. SURESAN
Varsha, Pooja, Pallavi,
Sattenapalli
Q: But don't catch hold of me -
translate into Telugu.
A: .....
Q: Have you done well - Means
what?
A: When someone has taken an
exam/ competed in a game/
match, we ask them, 'Have
you done well?' = . .
.../ . ... etc.
Q: I will come before one hour -
Is this correct?
A: I will come within an hour -
correct.
I will come before an hour -
wrong.
Q: How I could react at that
point of time to things which
I could never dream of? -
translate into Telugu.
A: . ... (at that point of
time) . .:.. (How
could I react - How I could
react .. .. ..
... :. .. (to
things which I could never
dream of)
Q: He had his sharp knife on -
Say meaning.
A: He carried his sharp knife.
Do you know English?
-e.-- .a . ae.a o.. ..-.. a
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Remember the following contractions.
English ...... not .. ....
Do, does .. helping verbs . ... ...
(contracted form) .... . ...
.: practice . .... .... spoken
English, spoken English ....: ...
bookish .:. English ....: Now
look at the following contractions and prac-
tise them:
1) Do not = Don't 2) Does not = Doesn't
3) Did not = Didn't 4) Cannot = Can't
5) Could not = Couldn't 6) Will not = Won't
7) Shall not = Shan't
8) Would not = Wouldn't
9) Should not = Shouldn't
10) May not = Mayn't
11) Might not = Mightn't
12) Must not = Mustn't
13) Need not = Needn't
14) Have not = Haven't
15) Has not = Hasn't 16) Had not = Hadn't
:. high frequency expressions .:
... ..: Don't, Doesn't, Didn't ..
. Can't . Couldn't, Won't, Wouldn't,
Shouldn't, Haven't, Hasn't, Hadn't.
:.... ... amn't (am not), isn't (is
not), aren't (are not), wasn't (was not), weren't
(were not).
:. ... ....: :. Question
Tags ... ......
:. .... ... short responses ..
.. ..... ....
:. ... .... .... .... spo-
ken English . ... ....:
Look at the following conversation:
Ajay: Have you any novels you can lend me?
I want to read some during this vacation.
..t ... .. .. ..
.. . .......
Sunil: I am sorry. I haven't/ don't have any. In
fact I was about to ask you for some. (Sorry.
... . .. . ...
.
Ajay: We are sailing in the same boat then.
(Do you) know any of our friends who can
help us in the matter? .... .. ..:
.... :.. .. ..
... .... ..
Sunil: There aren't any, I am afraid. ...
. ...:
Ajay: I tried at the library. There had been
some, but they have all been taken away.
There weren't any left. . ..
:.. ... ...: . .. ...
.. .: :.
Sunil: That's bad. Let me see if I can get any
from my cousin. She might have some. .:
... . . cousin ... .....
. .. .. . ....
Ajay: If you get any from her pass them on to
me too. .. . . ..
Look at the following expressions from the
conversation above:
1) Have you/ Do you have any novels? I want
to read some.
2) I don't have any. I was about to ask you for
some.
3) There aren't any.
4) There had been some, but there weren't
any.
Spoken English some, any .... .
. . .. ..: :. .... ..
. ... . .. ..... Spoken
English no .. not any (contracted form
- n't any) form ... . ... .....
a) Suseela: Please give me some more
samosas ...
....
...
Mother: Sorry,
child. There aren't
any left. . .
.. :.
.. ..
There are no
samosas left
.... : ... 'There aren't any more left'
... ...
b) Janaki: Ask Mayuri for some nail polish.
I haven't any more with me. ... .
.. .. .. ....
Sarala: I am sure she will give us some. .
... ....... ...
..: sentences 'no' .. 'not.... any'
.... .... ..... 'No' ..
... .: :. . ..t
Eg: 1) I have no money to lend you . ..
..... .. ... .
Ans: I haven't any money to lend you.
1) The teacher likes no boy to be irregular.
2) She has no more patience with people like
you. (patience = ../ ..
3) There is no money left in his bank account.
4) He brought home no money.
5) I will see no more movies of that actor.
6) There was no more food left.
7) She has no new dress for the function.
8) We have seen no new movies this month.
9) I want no more; thank you.
10) I have no more work to do.
They don't want any more
P. Srinivas, Karimnagar.
Q: What is the difference
between....
1) Bar - Restaurant
2) Legal - Judicial
3) Progress - Development
4) Front - Alliance
5) Famous - Popular
A: 1) Bar: A place for buying and
having alcoholic drinks.
Restaurant: A place where we can
buy and eat food.
2) Legal = Connected with law;
approved by law .....
Judicial = Connected with courts and
judges. Anything legal or illegal is a
judicial matter.
3) Progress = Improvement/ change
for better/ moving forward.
Development = (something/ some-
body) grow or change into something
bigger/ more advanced/ stronger.
There is a lot of progress in the econ-
omy of the country/ The country has
progressed in technology.
He has developed into a great leader
in a short time.
4) Front = a political party/ a military
organization - found mostly in the
name of a single party.
Alliance = A group of two/ more
countries/ political parties/ groups,
working together for achiev-
ing something. .. .. .
. .... .../ ....
.../ ... ..:
5) Famous = Known to many
people across a wide area =
.: ..: ...:.
.t...
Popular = Liked and enjoyed
by a large number of people =
...: .: ... ../
.:.: ..:..
Famous: ...:. .t.... .
...
Popular: ...:. .t. ..
.... . .... ..
A famous leader/ scientist/ actor, etc
A popular actor/ song/ restaurant.
Famous leaders may also be popular
leaders.
Famous = .: ..:
Popular = ..:..
.
: Famous scien-
tist = .: ..: .
.. :.. ..:
.. .... ..
... .... .
.t. . ... ..
actor .... .:.
.. .. ..:
.. .....
Vasundhara Singham, Kiran
Singham, Rajole
Q: "They have done it", he/ He
said - Say the correct one.
A: The reporting person in such
sentences, 'he', here, should
begin with a small letter. But if
it is the name of a person, the
first letter should be a capital
letter.
Q: They held their breath and
cheered in turn - Say the mean-
ing of above underlined in
Telugu.
A: . ....... ... ..
... ... ... ... .
.
Q: Emotion/ Feeling- Say the dif-
ference and instinct/
Instinctively as well.
A: Emotion = ..... Feeling =
...
Instinct = .. .... ..
. ..
Instinctively = .:..... ..
. ... ... .:
When somebody hits you, you
instinctively hit back = .. .
:.t .... :. ...
.... .: ... ..
....
Q: Ever from childhood he had an
instinct for drawing- Say in
Telugu and also say if the
above underlined word is cor-
rectly used.
A: :.. .. .... ...
.. .. .. ....:
Ever from - wrong.
Ever since - correct.
Saroj Singhania, Rajole.
Q: Can't we write/ say his leg is
broken/ My hand/ leg is
numbed?
A: 'His leg is broken' - correct,
but 'He broke his leg' is bet-
ter.
My hand/ leg is numbed - OK
Q: Can't we say or write-
Australia plays the best/ the
best of all other teams?
A: We can say so.
Q: I am not worried/ I am decid-
ed/ I am determined- But it
shouldn't be said/ written I
am understood - Let me
know the words with which
we can use I am + V
3
/ He is/
they are + V
3
.
A: You can write, 'I am under-
stood' with the meaning of
'others understand me'.
We can say, 'I am surprised'; I am
shocked; I am grieved, etc.
Roushini Singhal, Vizag.
Q: They are playing on the/ in the
ground - Say the right one.
A: On the ground.
Q: Mother Theresa came to Calcutta/
The Mother Theresa came to
Calcutta.
- Which is right?
A: Mother Theresa/ The Mother came
to Calcutta.
Q: If a teacher is asked by the stu-
dents to explain the difference
between the words 'Factory' and
'Industry' - How can they explain?
What examples can
they give?
A: Factory = A big
building/ group of
buildings where
goods are produced.
Industry: Production .. . of
goods on a large scale. (Industries
are located in factories).
Q: They have lived here for 10 years /
In the 10 years/ in the past ten
years- Say the correct one.
A: They have lived here for ten years
= They have lived here for ten
years some-
time in the
past.
They have lived here for the past/ the
last ten years/ for ten years now/ for
ten years so far = They started living
here ten years ago and have lived here
till now. 10 . .... .: ...
...
734
M. SURESAN
Answers
1) The teacher doesn't like any boy to be
irregular.
2) She hasn't anymore patience with people
like you.
3) There isn't any more money left in his
bank account.
4) He didn't bring home any money.
5) I won't (will not) see any more movies of
that actor.
6) There wasn't any more food left.
7) She hasn't any new dress for the function.
8) We haven't seen any new movies this
month.
9) I don't want any more; Thank you.
10) I haven't/ don't have any more work to
do.
Exercise
Famous, Popular c. .
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- Padmapuri Veda, Nellore.
Q: K.V.P.R. is subjected to eight
hours long questioning by a CBI
team - Say the meaning of
above underlined word.
A: CBI ... .. KVPR 8 ...
:. :.... .....
(subjected to). ... ..
CBI ... KVPR 8 ...
:.... ...:
Q: Does it apply? / Is it applied? -
Say the correct one.
A: Does it apply? = .: ....
Is it applied? = .: ....
...
Both correct, but note the differ-
ence in meaning.
Q: Applied Sciences - means what?
A: Applied Sciences = Sciences
which have practical uses = .
.:.. ..... ..
Q: Apply the cream sparingly to
your face - Say the meaning of
the above underlined.
A: . cream .. (sparingly)
.... ....
Q: I am saying applies only to you -
Say in Telugu.
A: What I am saying (I am saying
.. applies only to you =
. . : ./ . .. . ...:
Q: I am tired of having to pretend all
the time - Say in Telugu
A: having to pretend = ...t,
....
I am tired of = . : ..:
Q: being/ having been - Say the uses
of the above in past/ present.
A: Being a minister, he can get any
thing = ..: ..... ..
... .. .. .....
Having been a minister for five
years, he earned a lot = ..
..: ...... . ..
..:....
- P. Srinivas, Ammakkapet
Explain the difference
between the following:
Q: Fortune - Luck
A: Fortune =
Getting more than what we
expect = .. ...: .
... ... .....
His fortune got him a bet-
ter job than he had expect-
ed = ... .. . ...
...: .. .. . .
... .:.:
Luck = A good thing that happens to
us without our effort = . ....
... .. .t ..:
He had the luck of finding a job with-
out any effort = . .. ... ...
...t .. . ..:
Q: Farewell party - Valediction function
A: Farewell party = Aparty arranged on
the occasion of a person/
group of persons leaving
their friends/ organisations
to say good bye to them =
.. .../ ..
.:t .... ..../
... :.. .....
... . :..
Valediction/ Valedictory function = A
function arranged to say good bye,
especially in a formal speech, to a
person/ persons leaving = ..../
.. .:t .... ....
:.. .t.... ... . ..
.. .. . :.. ....
Q: Secret - Confidential
A: Secret = Known only to a very few
people and kept hidden from others
= .....:. ... .t .....
.t.... .: .....
They kept their love affair a secret
from their parents = .. .. ..
.t.... .: ... .... (This
is only spoken).
Confidential = Spoken / written in
secret and meant to be kept secret =
.. :.. .. / ..
... ...:
Confidential is usually official. Secret
may be both official and non-official.
- Raadha Mohini Jaiswal, Vijayawada
Q: She asked him to explain Polya - Shouldn't the word 'to' be
there after the above underlined word?
A: Yes. Explain is always followed by 'to'.
Q: Study the answers and recite them to me - . answers
.:: . ...... Is this correct?
A: Right
Q: : .... :.. .. Say in English.
A: You had your mother scolding me, didn't you?/ You made
your mother scold me, didn't you?
Q: If we don't know the pronunciation of an English word, can
we write it in a phonetic manner? Explain.
A: When you don't know the pronunciation of a word, how
can you write it in the phonetic script?
Q: aptitude/ rustle - Explain in Telugu.
A: Aptitude = natural ability/ skill, especially in learning =
.. ..... .... ..../ .... ..
.. ./ ...
rustle = t ::.. .. ..
... .. / ..:.. ..
Q: When 'as well as' is equal to 'and', why can't we say:
Radha as well as her parents are here?
A: That is usage - ... . .. . ....... ..
... .. .. .. . ... . ... English
.. As well as. ... (usage) .:
Q: Explain 'during' and link verb
A: Link verbs - See lesson No. 729
During - See in the same lesson.
Q: "He is here", they said / They said - Say the correct one.
A: See the answer to question No. 1 in lesson 732.
735
M. SURESAN
Sekhar: See if either of these books is yours
.. .... .. ....
Ravikanth: Neither (.... .: ..
Sekhar: It isn't anywhere here. Perhaps it is in
your desk. Check.
.: ..... . .. desk
....
Ravikanth: It isn't there either. I've checked.
.... . ..
Sekhar: Did anyone borrow it from you? Try to
remember. .. .: ... .
. ....
Ravikanth: None, I am sure. ... ..
. ... ..:
Sekhar: Does it bear your name on it?
. :. .... (English ..... .:
. ... . ....
Ravikanth: No, it doesn't. .
Sekhar: Any other marks on the book that can
help you to know it is yours?
.... . ... . ... :. .:
. ......
Ravikanth: None, I'm afraid. Wait. There's an
oil mark on the face of the book. I remem-
ber now.
.. .... ... ... ..:.
... ..: ... ..:
Sekhar: Yes, so do I. I haven't lost a single
book so far, you know?
.. . ..: ...... ..
... .. .... ..
Ravikanth: Neither had I, till I lost the book. I
haven't given up yet. I think I'll find it when I
search for some other thing.
( .... ... .. ...
... .. ..... ... ...
...... .: .....:

.... .. a number of contractions
. ... ... ... .. not ..
n't ..: ... ... contractions, spoken/
Functional English ..: ... ....
... .. .... contractions, is, are,
have, has, had. ..:.:: ..: ..
.. .. . contractions . not .
..: n't ...
1. 's = is/ has - ... .
It's here = It is here.
He's done it = He has done it.
2. 're = are.
We're sure he will be there = We are
sure he will be there.
3. 'll = will.
I'll go tomorrow = I will go tomorrow.
4. 'd = would.
I'd do it if I were you = I would do it if I
were you.
5. 've = have. I've seen it = I have seen it.
contractions . formal written English
..... Spoken English ... English
...... ..
... ... ..
. .... ...
....
N: ... contrac-
tions ... ....
... It's n't (It is not)
..
Look at the following
expressions from the
conversation above:
1) See if either of these
books is yours/ Neither.
2) It isn't there either 3)
None, I am sure
4) Yes, so do I 5) Neither had I.
Study the above. Understand the use of
'either' / Neither / either of / Neither of / any of
/ none of.
expressions. English .... spoken
English . ..... ..:
Either/ either of = One of only two = ....
../ ... ...
(Any / Any of = .... ... / ....
... . ../ .. .. ...
a) Prasen: Which do you want? The one with
the button down collars or the one with full
sleeves? . .... collar .. button
... . ... . full shirt- .... .:
..t
Dilip = Either/ either (of them) is OK for me.
.... .. .
b) Subba Rao: You can keep one of the two
books. Which one do you want? . ...
.. ... . ...... .: ..t
Ramana: Either (of them) is
OK. .... .. .
Either. ... ... .... /
... .: .../ .:
...
a) There are trees on either
side of the road = ...
..... ....
b) Arjun: Which way could
the thief have escaped .
...: .. .....
....
Bharath: Can't say. There is a
door on either side of the
building ... . build-
ing. .... ... ..:
Any = One of more than two = .../ ...
. ... . ../ . ...
a) Charumathi: Did any movie that you saw
last year interest you? . .....:
. . . .: ..:
Saritha: Any of the movie that we saw last
year was OK.
Either/ either of/ any/ any of - :.. sin-
gular ...t verb .. singular.
b) Sravani: Which of these saris (more than
two) do you want? :. ....
... .: ..t .
Vatsala: Any three of them .. . ..
c) Charumathi: These are all the candidates
who have made the grade. Who do you
want among them.
Saritha: Any five of them . . ...
Either/ either of/ any/ any of - :... verb
... singular.
..... either side of the road
- Suraj Singh Chopra, Machilipatnam
Q: He has been here in the past four days - translate into Telugu.
Say the use of 'in the past' as 'for the past' should have been there,
shouldn't it have?
A: He has been here (some time) in the past four days =
.: . .. ... ... .. ...../ ... ...
..... etc).
He has been here for the past four days = . . ... ...
. ... . ... ... .: ...... ... ..
Secret, Confidential c. .
Rakshitha Singhal,
Vijayawada.
Q: Declare/ announce - Say
difference
A: Declare = to make peo-
ple know something in an official
manner = .. :.... .... .t
.....
Announce = ........ .t. :
. .... .. .t.. :.
.t..... (to declare for the first
time something of interest to the peo-
ple.)
Announcing the election results, the
Presiding officer declared the winning
candidate. ... . t.. . t..
. ... .: .. t: .. . . .
. ...
Q: As the children/ children play and
sit under a/ the tree. Hence it
makes/ make the poet thinks/ think
that the tree/ tree love children/
- Say the correct one.
A: As the children play they sit under
the tree. Hence it makes the poet
thinks that the tree loves the chil-
dren - Correct.
Q: .. .. ..
. .. ...
. . . . . .
.. .. .
... How
can these be said?
A: The tree is blos-
soming and is
bearing fruit.
Q: 'Rope in' - Means
what?
A: Rope in = To make somebody join
to help you in doing something =
... . .. . . / : ..
: .. .. .. ... ... . ..
. . . . . ....
He roped in some of his seniors to
demand a pay rise = .. . .. . ...
. .. ... . seniors ..
... ..
Q: Architect based -
Means what?
A: Based on the knowl-
edge of architecture.
Q: When a leave letter
has to be written, is it
needed to write / put
the heading 'Leave
Letter' in the Leave
letter?
A: Nothing wrong in having the head-
ing, 'Leave Letter'.
-e.-- as . ae.a o.. ..-.. a
Spoken English . .e -.- -- .-. www.eenadupratibha.net
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Narayana: Which of the two ... Mallik and
Prasanth .. is here? (.t. .... ... ..
....
Roy: Neither is. ((... . ... .
Narayana: Then when are you going to tell
them of this? Will you meet them or call
them? .... :.. .. ... ...
. . . ... . ..
Roy: Neither. I'll send my brother with the
message. If they respond, it's OK. If they
don't respond it's OK too. . .....
:.. .. .. ... ... .
.: . .:...... .
Narayana: That's being irresponsible. That
they get the message is important. You may
not be in trouble, but I will be. .: ...
.... ..... .. . .. ....
.: . .... . ... ....
.. ..: ..:
Roy: Neither of us will be, don't worry. My
brother will ensure that they get the mes-
sage. (.... ... ..:... ...
... . .... ..... ..... ..
....
Narayana: The trouble with you is, you don't
make things clear. Nor do you act in time.
Why don't you yourself go to them or call
them? Is it that you don't like them? Which
of the two don't you like? .: .
... . :.. . .. .. ..
.. ... .: ... . . ...
.... .. ... .... phone ...
... ... . . . ... ....
..... . . . .
Roy: I like neither of them. In fact none of
our friends like them except you. And nei-
ther do you always. ... . .. ..
. .. ... .... . . . .
.. . ... .. . . ....
Narayana: But I do, of course. You don't
understand people properly, nor do you try
to. .... ... ... . . .
.... . ... ... ..:...
..
Note: Ensure = make sure = ... ..
...
In the last lesson, we've seen the impor-
tance of 'either' which means one of only two.
Now we are going to see how to use 'neither'
which means 'not one of only two'.
.... lesson 'either' ... .
.... ... .. 'either' ... ..../ ..
. .. ... .
. Neither/ Neither of = .... .:
./ ... ... ./ .. . ....
.... English ... Either, Either of,
Neither, Neither of . ... .... .
... ... ... ....: .. ...
.../ ... ... ... ..... 'None'/
'None of' ....
Neither is here = . ... .: ./ . ...
... .
None is here = .. ...... .../ .:
./ . ...... ... ... .
None of the books is interesting = . ..
...... ... .: ..... .
None of our students failed = . :..
...... ... ... ...
1. a) Prasanna: Where do you come from,
Vijayawada or Hyderabad? :: . .
:..../ .....
Rajeswari: From neither. I come from
Nellore. .... .: .. ..
b) Abhijith: Which of your two uncles is an
MP? : ... .... ... MP?)
Venkat: Neither is.
... ... ..
2. a) Prabhakar:
Which one of the
two shirts do you
want?
Sudheer: Neither suits
me, I am afraid. .
... .: . ..
. ...
b) Srikanth: Which team has a better chance
of winning, yours or theirs? . ... t.
..... ... ... :. ..
Chandra: I don't have an idea. .. .t.
..
Srikanth: Nor do I . .t... .
. sentences ... neither (of) .. ....
.: ./ ... ... .
None (of): Not even one of more than two
...... ... ... .:./ ../
...... ... . . ..../
..
a) Sana: Did any policemen come to the
scene of the accident? .:.. .
.... ...
..: .. Any = One of more than two.
Ranganath: None ...... ... ...
..
Compare: a) Neither is here ... ...
./ .... .:.
None is here = ....... ... ../
... ... ... . .:./ ....
None of them = Same as above - ..
...... ... .: . /. ...
... ... ....
a) Either (of) = one of only two
Any (of) = One of more than two.
b) Neither (of) = Not even one of only
two.
None (of) = Not even one of more than two.
Neither of us will be...
Ahalya Vasundhara, Rajole.
Q: Offer/ give, chance / opportunity,
deduce / presume / assume / sup-
pose - Clarify.
A: Offer = Give something to others
without their asking for it.
Give = To hand something to some-
body whether they ask for it or not.
Chance = Opportunity, but chance is
always unexpected .. .....
.. ..... Opportunity is not
always unexpected. (Opportunity
.. .... .: ..: ..
.. .. .t....t
Deduce = draw a conclusion/ form
an opinion about
something = .. :
. ..: .. .:
... ....
Presume = Assume
= to think that some-
thing is true without proof of it ( ..
.. ... .. :.. ..
...
Suppose = Think.
Q: When are the following symbols
used? :, :-, i.e for e.g.
Pollution; / pollution :- Explain
A: 1) : ... before you begin a list.
There are four directions : east,
west,
south and
north.
2) ie = That is;
Making something clearer. The
PM, ie., Mr. Manmohan Singh =
. ....: .. ..
.
eg: (for eg .. = for example = ..
....
736
M. SURESAN
Declare, Announce c. .
P. Srinivas, Karimnagar.
Q: Please explain the following.
1. Basics - Elements
2. Inclusive - Mixing
3. Lay Out - Enclave
4. Arrest - Custody
A: 1) Basics = Elements = The
first and most necessary things
of a subject = .. :..
..:.: ..:....
2. Inclusive = including = .t./
..
The salary he gets is inclusive of
basic pay and allowances = ...
... ... ..... ...
.t. .....
Mixing = Combining - putting
two/ more things together so that
they cannot be separated = .....
Mixing milk with water is com-
mon = ... ..... ..
3. Layout = The arrangement/
plan of the parts of a building / a
group of buildings / a garden /
matter to be printed on a page =
.. . ... .../ . . ..
.../ .... .. ....
.. .. ..... ../
.. .. .... ... ..
.. ... :. ..:.. :..
....
Enclave = Within a large area, a
smaller area where the people of a
particular group live = . ./
..../ ... .. :... ..
.. .. .:/ . :. ..:
... .. .. ... :..
There is a Marwadi enclave in the
north of the city = . . ....
.... ... ... ....
..:
. .... ...
... ... .... . .
../ .. ....../ ..
..: .. ... ...
Standard English ... .
4. Arrest = Take a person to the
police station and keep them
under their control.
Custody = 1) Arrest a person and
keep them in jail till they are taken
to court.
2) The responsibility of keeping a
child, or the records of an
office.
Look at the following sentences from the
conversation above:
1) Neither is.
2) Neither. I'll send my brother with the
message.
3) Neither of us will be.
4) I like neither.
5) Nor do you act in time.
6) And neither do you always.
7) ... nor do you.
Important: 'Neither/ Neither of/ nor' always
takes a singular verb.
a) Neither (of them) is here.
b) Neither (of them) knows the answer.
c) Neither (of them) has been selected.

Minat Terkait