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# Fizik Tingkatan 4

Bab 2
Bank Soalan
Soalan Objektif
1. Antara pasangan berikut, yang manakah adalah betul?
Which of the following pairs is correct?
Kuantiti skalar Kuantiti vektor
Scalar quantity Vector quantity
A Jisim Berat
Mass Weight
B Jarak Laju
Distance Speed
C Sesaran Jarak
Displacement Distance
D Halaju Pecutan
Velocity Acceleration
4. Sebuah bas bergerak
dengan laju 80 kilmeter
per jam! Berapakah
jarak gerakan bas itu
dalam masa " jam "#
minit?
A bus travels at a speed of
80 kilometres per hour.
What is the distance
travelled by the bus in "
hour "# minutes?
A

8
0

k
m

B

\$
%

k
m

C

"
0
0

k
m

D

"
"
#

k
m

5. &ajah berikut
daya yang bertindak ke
atas suatu bngkah!
The following diagram
shows four forces acting on
a block.
2. Suatu kren bergerak ulang alik
merentasi suatu rel yang panjangnya #
m!
A crane moves to and fro along a # m steel
railing.
P Q
5 m
'

(
)
(
Berapakah daya
What is the
resultant
force?
1 0 (
2 " ( ke
kanan * to
the right
3 " ( ke
kir
i *
to
th
e
lef
t
4 "'
(
)

(
%

Apakah halaju purata kren itu
jika kren itu bermula dari
dan bergerak ke ! dan
kemudiannya kembali ke
dalam masa "0 saat?
What is the average velocity of the
crane if it starts from and travels
to ! and back to in "0 seconds?
6. &ajah
beriku
t
njukka
n
suatu
bt
yang
sedan
g
meng
alami
nyahp
ecuta
n
apabil
a
mend
ekati
satu
jeti!
The
following
diagram
shows a
speedboat
decelerati
ng as it is
approachi
ng a "etty.
!
A 0 m s
+"
B 0!# m s
+"
3. &ajah berikut
halaju-masa untuk
gerakan suatu kereta!
The following diagram
shows
a
velocit
y#time
graph
of the
motio
n of a
car.
\$
S
Hub
unga
n

d
aW
h
1
2
3
4
.mentum kereta
The momentum of the
car is constant from
A % ke
% to
B ke !
to !
7. A
n
t
a
r
a
s
e
n
a
r
a
h
of
the
foll
owi
ng
lists
of
phy
sica
l
&ua
n
t
i
t
i
e
s

c
o
n
s
i
s
t
s

o
f
onl
y
vec
tor
s?
1
P ene
r
Fizik Tingkatan 4
1 L
u
a
s
,
i
s
i
p
a
d
u

d
a
n

ji
s
i
m

Area
'
volu
me
and
mas
s
2 L
a
j
u
,
h
a
l
a
j
u

d
a
n

p
e
c
u
t
a
n

Spe
ed'
velo
city
and
acce
lerati
on
3 H
al
aj
u,
pe
cu
ta
n
da
n
da
ya
V
e
l
o
c
it
y
'
a
c
c
e
l
e
r
a
ti
o
n
a
n
d
f
o
r
c
e
4 .
as
a,
jisi
m
da
n
ha
laj
u
T
i
m
e
'
m
a
s
s
a
n
d
v
e
l
o
c
it
y
8. &
aj
a
h
b
er
ik
ut
m
e
n
u
nj
uk
ka
n
se
h
el
ai
ke
rt
as
,
se
bij
i
b
e
b
l
a
b
es
i
d
a
n
sa
tu
kli
p
ke
rt
as
ya
n
g
dil
e
p
as
ka
n
p
a
d
a
m
as
a
ya
n
g
sa
m
a
di
d
al
a
m
su
at
u
sil
in
d
er
/a
ku
m
!
T
h
e

f
o
l
l
o
w
i
n
g

d
i
a
g
r
a
m

s
h
o
w
s

a

p
i
e
c
e

o
f
p
a
p
e
r
'
a
n

ir
o
n
b
al
l
a
n
d
a
p
a
p
er
cli
p
b
ei
n
g
re
le
a
s
e
d
at
th
e
s
a
m
e
ti
m
e
in
a
v
a
c
u
u
m
c
yli
n
d
er
.
0ertas
aper
(ron aper ball clip
1akum
Vacuum
Pe
m
er
ha
tia
n
m
an
ak
ah
ya
ng
be
tul
?
W
hic
h
ob
se
rv
ati
on
is
co
rre
ct?
1 0e
tig
a-
tig
a
b
jek
itu
ak
an
sa
m
pa
i
ke
da
sa
r
pa
da
m
as
a
ya
ng
sa
m
a!
A
ll
t
h
e
t
h
r
e
e
o
b
"
e
c
t
s
w
il
l
r
e
ach
the
base
at
the
sam
e
time.
2 0
e
t
i
g
a
-
t
i
g
a

b
j
e
k

i
t
u

a
k
a
n

b
e
r
a
d
a

p
a
d
a

k
e
d
u
d
u
k
a
n

a
s
a
l
m
a
s
i
n
g
-
m
as
in
g!
A
ll
t
h
e
t
h
r
e
e
o
b
"
e
c
t
s
w
il
l
r
e
m
a
i
n
i
n
t
h
e
ir
r
e
s
p
e
c
ti
v
e
p
o
s
it
i
o
n
s
.
Soala
n
Subje
ktif
3 B
e
b
l
a
b
e
si
a
k
a
n
s
a
m
p
ai
k
e
d
a
s
a
r
d
a
h
ul
u
di
ik
u
ti
d
e
n
g
a
n
kl
ip
k
e
rt
a
s
d
a
n
k
e
m
u
di
a
n
n
y
a
h
el
ai
a
n
k
er
ta
s!
The
iron
ball
will
reach
the
base
first'
follow
ed by
the
paper
clip
and
then
the
piece
of
paper.
4 B
e
b
l
a
b
e
si
d
a
n
kli
p
k
er
ta
s
a
k
a
n
s
a
m
p
ai
k
e
d
a
s
ar
p
a
d
a
m
a
s
a
y
a
n
g
s
a
m
a
t
e
t
a
p
i
h
e
l
a
i
a
n
k
e
rt
a
s
it
u
a
k
a
n
s
a
m
p
a
i
k
e
d
a
s
a
r
a
k
h
ir
s
e
k
a
li!
Th
e
iro
n
ba
ll
an
d
pa
pe
r
cli
p
wil
l
re
ac
h
th
e
ba
se
ar
ou
nd
th
e
sa
m
e
ti
m
e
bu
t
th
e
pi
ec
e
of
pa
pe
r
wil
l
re
ac
h
th
e
ba
se
la
st.
9.Se

r
a
n
g
p
e
s
e
rt
a
l

m
p
a
t
j
a
u
h

m
e
n
d
a
r
a
t

p
a
d
a

t
a
p
a
k

y
a
n
g

d
i
i
s
i

d
e
n
g
a
n

p
a
s
i
r

y
a
n
g

t
i
d
a
k

p
a
d
a
t
!

P
a
s
ir
y
a
n
g
ti
d
a
k
p
a
d
a
t
it
u
a
d
a
l
a
h
u
n
t
u
k
A

l
o
n
g
#
"
u
m
p
e
r

l
a
n
d
s

o
n

a

p
i
t

f
i
l
l
e
d

w
i
t
h

l
o
o
s
e

s
a
n
d
.

T
h
e

l
o
o
s
e

s
a
n
d

i
s

t
o

1 m
e
n
a
m
b
a
h
k
a
n

d
a
y
a

i
m
p
u
l
s
!

i
n
c
r
e
a
s
e

t
h
e
i
m
p
ul
si
v
e
fo
rc
e.
2 m
e
n
a
m
b
a
h
k
a
n
m
a
s
a
b
er
h
e
nt
i
p
e
s
er
ta
it
u!
in
cr
e
a
s
e
th
e
st
o
p
pi
n
g
ti
m
e
of
th
e
lo
n
g#
"u
m
p
er
.
3 m
e
m
b
a
n
t
u

p
e
s
e
r
t
a

i
t
u

u
n
t
u
k

m
e
n
g
i
m
b
a
n
g
i

b
a
d
a
n
n
y
a
!

he
lp
th
e
lo
ng
#
"u
m
pe
r
to
ba
la
nc
e
hi
s
bo
dy
.
10. 0
e
r
j
a

y
a
n
g

d
i
l
a
k
u
k
a
n

u
n
t
u
k

m
e
r
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s
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s
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g
a

)

c
m

p
a
n
j
a
n
g
i
a
l
a
h
8
0
J
!
B
e
r
a
p
a
k
a
h
p
e
m
a
l
a
r
s
p
ri
n
g
it
u
?
T
h
e
w
or
k
d
o
n
e
to
st
re
tc
h
a
s
pr
in
g
to
a
n
e
)t
e
n
s
i
o
n

o
f

)

c
m

i
s

8
0

J
.

W
h
a
t

i
s

t
h
e

s
p
r
i
n
g

c
o
n
s
t
a
n
t

o
f

t
h
e

s
p
r
i
n
g
*

A 800 ( cm
+"
C "%00 ( cm
+"
B "000 ( cm
+"
D "200 ( cm
+"
1. P
a
n
j
a
n
g

s
e
b
u
a
h

k

l
a
m

r
e
n
a
n
g

i
a
l
a
h

#
0

m
!

S
e

r
a
n
g

p
e
r
e
n
a
n
g

b
e
r
e
n
a
n
g

p
e
r
g
i
d
a
n

b
a
l
i
k

s
e
b
a
n
y
a
k

d
u
a

k
a
l
i
y
a
n
g

m
e
r
a
n
g
k
u
m
i
j
u
m
l
a
h

j
a
r
a
k

s
e
j
a
u
h

%
0
0

m
!
J
u
m
l
a
h

m
a
s
a

y
a
n
g

d
i
a
m
b
il

l
e
h

p
e
r
e
n
a
n
g

i
t
u

i
a
l
a
h

"

minit
!
The
lengt
h of
a
swim
ming
pool
is #0
m. A
swim
mer
swim
s to
and
fro
twice
and
cover
s a
total
dista
nce
of
%00
m.
The
total
time
taken
by
the
swim
mer
is "
minut
e.
3a4
Bera
paka
h
mag
nitud
sesa
ran
pere
nang
itu
sele
pas
dia
sele
sai
bere
nang
?
What is the magnitude of his displacement when he completes the swim? 5" markah + " mark6
3b4 3i4 Hitung kelajuan purata perenang itu!
5% markah + % marks6 ,alculate the average speed of the swimmer.
3ii4 Hitung halaju purata perenang itu!
5" markah + " mark6 ,alculate the average velocity of the swimmer.
s / m
35
30
25
20
15
10
5 &ajah "

Penerbitan
Pelangi
Sdn. Bhd.
QB2 2
Fizik Tingkatan 4
(3) &ajah " menunjukkan gra, sesaran-masa perenang itu semasa "0 saat pertama!
Diagram " shows the displacement#time graph of the swimmer during the first "0 seconds.
(1) Berapakah jarak yang direnang leh perenang itu dalam temph masa tersebut?
What is the distance covered by the swimmer during this time? 5" markah + " mark6
3ii4 Apakah halaju purata dalam masa itu?
What is his average velocity during this time? 5% markah + % marks6
2. Serang angkasa7an mempunyai berat 8#0 ( di Bumi di mana pecutan jatuh bebas ialah "0 m s
+%
!
An astronaut weighs 8#0 ( on -arth where the acceleration of free fall is "0 m s
-%
.
3a4 3i4 Berapakah jisim angkasa7an itu?
What is the mass of the astronaut? 5% markah + % marks6
3ii4 Berapakah berat angkasa7an itu di .arikh yang mempunyai pecutan jatuh bebas ) m s
+%
?
.ow much will he weigh on Mars where the acceleration of free fall is ) m s
-%
? 5% markah + % marks6
(2) Serang angkasa7an lain menjalankan suatu eksperimen di permukaan Bulan dengan menjatuhkan sehelai kertas
dan satu batu dari ketinggian yang sama pada masa yang sama seperti ditunjukkan dalam &ajah %! Angkasa7an itu
mendapati baha7a kedua-dua kertas dan batu sampai ke permukaan bulan pada masa yang sama!
Another astronaut carries out an e)periment on the surface of the Moon by dropping a piece of paper and a stone from the same
height at the same time as shown in Diagram %. .e observed that both the paper and the stone reach the ground at the same time.
&ajah % * Diagram /
3i4 9erangkan pemerhatian itu!
5% markah + % marks6 -)plain the observation.
3ii4 9etapi apabila eksperimen yang sama dijalankan di Bumi, batu akan sampai ke permukaan bumi terlebih dahulu!
9erangkan pemerhatian itu!
.owever when the same e)periment is carried out on the -arth' the stone will reach the ground first. -)plain the observation.
5% markah + % marks6
3. Suatu spring dengan panjang asal "0 cm digunakan untuk menggantungkan suatu beban %0 (! Panjang spring selepas itu
menjadi "% cm! Satu eksperimen dijalankan dengan menggantungkan beban-beban yang lain, 0, kepada spring itu dan
pemanjangan, ) diukur! &ajah ' menunjukkan gra, 0#) bagi eksperimen itu!
A spring with an original length of "0 cm is used to hang a load of %0 (. (ts length then becomes "% cm. An e)periment is carried out by
attaching different loads' 0' to the spring and its e)tension' ) is measured. Diagram ' shows the 0#) graph of the e)periment.
0 * (
%#
%0
"#
"0
#
) * cm
&ajah ' + Diagram 1
QB2 3 Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd.
Fizik Tingkatan 4
3a4 Berapakah pemanjangan spring itu apabila beban yang digunakan ialah %0 (?
5" markah + " mark6 What is the e)tension of the spring when the load is %0 (?
(2) 9andakan pada paksi-) gra, itu nilai-nilai : yang sepadan dengan nilai 0 ; # (, "0 (, "# (, %0 ( dan %# (!
Mark the )#a)is of the graph for values of ) corresponding to the values of 0 2 # (' "0 (' "# (' %0 ( and %# (.
5% markah + % marks6
(3) Hubungan antara 0 dan ) bleh di7akili leh persamaan 0 ; k)! <ari nilai k dengan unit yang betul!
The relationship of 0 and ) can be represented by the e&uation 0 2 k). 0ind the value of k with the correct units.
5% markah + % marks6
Amali Bertulis
Serang murid menjalankan suatu eksperimen untuk mencari hubungan antara perubahan daya tarikan, 0 dan sesaran gelang
elastik, )! Susunan radas untuk eksperimen itu ditunjukkan dalam &ajah "!
A student carries out an e)periment to find out the relationship between the change in the pulling force' 0' and the displacement' )' of an elastic
band. The arrangement of the apparatus for the e)periment is shown in Diagram ".
Paku
3ail
=elang elastik
-lastic band
0 (
) cm
(eraca spring
Spring balance
Paku
3ail
&ajah " + Diagram 4
Pada a7al eksperimen, ) ; 0 cm dan 0 ; 0 (!
At the beginning of the e)periment' ) 2 0 cm and 0 2 0 (.
>ksperimen itu diulang dengan menyesarkan gelang getah itu, ), ke %!0 cm, )!0 cm, 2!0 cm , 8!0 cm dan "0!0 cm! Bacaan
neraca spring itu ditunjukkan dalam &ajah %, ', ), # dan 2!
The e)periment is repeated by displacing the elastic band with a displacement' )' e&ual to %!0 cm' )!0 cm' 2!0 cm' 8!0 cm and "0!0 cm. The
readings of the spring balance are shown in Diagrams %' '' )' # and 2.
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
2.0 4.0 cm
cm
&ajah % + Diagram / &ajah ' + Diagram 1
5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
6.0 cm 8.0 cm
&ajah ) + Diagram 5 &ajah # + Diagram 6
Penerbitan Pelangi Sdn. Bhd. QB2 4
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35
Fizik Tingkatan 4
10.0 cm
&ajah 2
(1) Berdasarkan tujuan dan
prsedur eksperimen itu,
nyatakan?
7ased on the aim and
procedure of the
e)periment' state the8
(9) pembleh ubah yang dimanipulasikan
manipulated variable
3ii4 pembleh ubah yang bergerak balas
responding variable
3iii4 pembleh ubah yang dimalarkan
fi)ed variable
3b4 Ambil bacaan
neraca spring itu, 0
tersebut dan
keputusan anda
untuk ) dan 0!
5# marks + # markah
# markah6
5" mark + " markah
8!0 cm!
5% marks + % markah
Penerbitan Pelangi
Sdn. Bhd.
QB2 5
0rom your graph' determine the pulling force re&uired to result in a displacement of 8!0 cm.
lot a graph of 0 against ).
3d4 Berdasarkan gra, anda, nyatakan hubungan antara 0 dan )!
Take the reading of the spring balance' 0' from the diagrams and tabulate your results for ) and 0.
3c4 Pltkan gra, 0 mela7an )!
7ased on your graph' state the relationship between 0 and ).
3e4 @aripada gra, anda, tentukan daya tarikan yang diperlukan untuk menghasilkan sesaran sebanyak