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CLASS I X SS2 SCIENCE-CHEMISTRY

Atoms And Molecules


Q. 1. What is law of conservation of mass ?
Q. 2. 100 g of 10% lead nitrate is mixed with 100 g of 10% sodium chloride solution in a
closed container. 13.66 g of lead chloride is precipitated. The mixture contains 180 g of
water and sodium nitrate. What amount of sodium nitrate is formed ?
Q. 3. State and explain law of constant proportion.
Q. 4. State and explain law of multiple proportions.
Q. 5. State the postulates of Daltons atomic theory of matter.
Q. 6. Explain the law of constant proportion on the basis of Daltons atomic theory.
Q. 7. Water and hydrogen are two compounds of hydrogen and oxygen. Which law of
Dalton is confirmed by this observation ?
Q. 8. Write the drawbacks of Daltons atomic theory of matter.
Q. 9. What is one major drawback of Daltons atomic theory of matter ?
Q. 10. A sample of ammonia contains 28 g nitrogen and 6 g hydrogen. Another sample
contains 15 g hydrogen. Find the amount of nitrogen in the second sample.
Q. 11. In a reaction, 5.3 g of sodium carbonate reacted with 6 g of ethanoic acid. The
products were 2.2 g of carbon dioxide , 0.9 g water and 8.2 g of sodium ethanoate. Show
that these observations are in agreement with the law of conservation of mass.
Q. 12. Hydrogen and oxygen combine in the ratio 1:8 by mass to form water. What mass of
oxygen gas would be required to react completely with 3 g of hydrogen gas ?
Q. 13. Which postulate of Daltons atomic theory is the result of the law of conservation of
mass ?
Q. 14. Which postulate of Daltons atomic theory can explain the law of definite proportions
?
Q. 15. Define atom and give examples of atom.
Q. 16. What is the form of a atom that exists in a solid ?
Q. 17. How the names of elements were derived ?
Q. 18. Write the present accepted system of symbols of elements ?
Q. 19. State the term symbols of elements.
Q. 20. Give the significance of a symbol of an element with example.
Q. 21. What is the significance of Na, the symbol of sodium ?
Q. 22. Write the symbol of any five elements which is taken from their names in English.
Q. 23. Write the symbol of some elements which is taken from their names from a language
other than English.
Q. 24. Write the symbol of following elements : Argon, Arsenic, Barium, Boron, Cesium,
Chromium, Cobalt, Neon, Platinum, Silicon.
Q. 25. What is the contribution of Daltons atomic theory to the mass of atom ? How this
issue were resolved ?
Q. 26. State and explain atomic mass of an element.
Q. 27. Define the atomic mass unit.
Q. 28. How do atoms exists ?
Q.29. Why is it not possible to see an atom with naked eyes ?
Q. 30. What are molecules ? How are atoms arranged in the molecules ?
Q. 31. Differentiate between a molecule and a compound.
Q. 32. A molecule is the smallest particle of a substance (element or compound) having the
properties of the substance and i s stable. Comment.
Structure Of The Atoms
Q. 1. How can you say that matter is electrical in nature ?
Q. 2. Write about a discharge tube.
Q. 3. State the cathode rays. How are they produced ?
Q. 4. Give important properties of cathode rays.
Q. 5. Write the observation made, while conducting a discharge experiments, which
showed that :
(i) Cathode rays travel in straight line.
(ii) Cathode rays are made up of material particles having mass and kinetic energy.
(iii) Cathode rays are negatively charged.
Q. 6. How will you explain the flow of current in a cathode ray experiment, knowing that
gases are bad conductors of electricity ?
Q. 7. Relative atomic mass of an element A is 16.2.There are 2 isotopes with mass no.16 and
18 respectively of the element. Calculate the percentage of these 2 isotopes present in the
element.?
Q. 9. State the properties of X-rays.
Q. 10. Define Isotopes. What are the characteristics of isotopes? Write any 4 uses of Isotope
Q. 11. Explain how X-rays are used to locate craks in fractured bones.
Q. 12. Give one use of X-rays giving the property which makes this use possible.
Q. 13. What is the mass and charge of an electron ?
Q. 14.Draw a diagram to show the presence of charge on cathode rays in the discharge
tube and label it.
Q. 15. Electrons are common constituents of all matter. Comment.
Q. 16. How can you say that cathode rays are negatively charged particles ?
Q. 17. Experimentally show that cathode rays travel in straight line.
Q. 18. What are the limitations of Rutherfords model of the atom?
Q. 19. Describe the different stages observed when a discharge tube is connected to a high
voltage source and the pressure of the air in it is reduced gradually.
Q. 20. What happens when the cathode rays are passed through an electric field between
two parallel plates ? What do you conclude with this experiment ?
Q. 21. State anode or positive rays. How are they produced ?
Q. 22. State the important properties of anode rays.
Q. 23. State the observation that led to the conclusion that the nature of the anode rays
depend upon the gas used in the cathode rays tube.
Q. 24. What can you say about the mass of the particles of anode rays ?
Q. 25. Explain how electricity is conducted through gases at very low pressures.
Q. 26. What is proton ? State its characteristics.
Q. 27. Differentiate between cathode rays and positive rays.
Q. 28. All substances contain protons in addition to electrons. Comment.
Q. 29. State the nature of charge on :
(i) X-rays (ii) Cathode rays (iii) Gamma rays (iv) Anode rays.
Q. 30. State the differences in the discharge tube used to study cathode rays and the
anode rays.
Q. 31. Name the fundamental particles discovered by
(i) Thomson (ii) Goldstein (iii) Chadwick.
Q. 32. The mass and charge on positive rays change with change in nature of the gas in
the discharge tube. Give reason for this.
Q. 33. State the significance of nature of protons found in the different elements.
Q. 34. What are canal rays ?
Q. 35. If an atom contains one electron and one proton, will it carry any charge or not ?
IX CLASS PHYSICS SS2
1) .Why does a buffalo float on the river but not the man?
2) Why does ice float on the water?
3) Why does a ship made up of iron floats but the iron sinks?
4) How do submarines float or sink as desired?
5) Why does a mug full of water appear lighter inside the water?
6) A dead body floats in water with its head immersed in water. Explain.
7) In what direction does the buoyant force on an object, due to liquid act?
8) Why does a block of plastic piece left under water cone to the surface of water?
9) Write the condition under which the body would float on a liquid?
10) The volume of a 500 g sealed packet is 350 cm3. Will the packet float or sink in water if
the density of water is 1cm3? What will be the mass of the water displaced by this
packet
11) The volume of 50 g of a substance is 20 cm3. If the density of water is 1 g cm3, will the
substance float or sink?
12) Why does a block of plastic released under water come up to the surface of water?
13) what direction does the buoyant force on an object immersed in a liquid act?
14) Name the factors the buoyant force does not depend on?
15) What are the factors the buoyant force depends on?
16) A 2000 kg car traveling at 72 kmph ran into a concrete wall and stopped in 0.05 sec.
What impulse did the wall exert on the car? Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work
done n this time ?
17) An unloaded truck weighing 2000 kg has a maximum acceleration of 0.5 m/s
2
. What is
the maximum acceleration when it is carrying a load of 2000 kg its starts from rest & run
for 20 sec ? Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
18) A bullet of mass 15g leaves the barrel of a gun with a velocity of 120m/s.The gun recoils
with a velocity of 1m/s. Find the mass of the gun. Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the
work done n this time ?
19) A force of 3N acts on a mass of 0.5kg at rest for 10s. Find the final velocity and the
momentum of the body after 10s. Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work done n this
time ?
20) A force of 80N acting on a certain mass for 3s gives it a velocity of 6m/s. find the mass
of the body if the body was initially at rest. Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work
done n this time ?
21) A toy of mass 0.1kg acquires a speed of 5 m/s when pushed forward. Ahat is the impulse
given to the toy? Find Kinetic energy of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
22) A projectile weighing 200kg is fired from a gun with a velocity of 500m/s. If the
velocity of recoil of the gun is 12.5m/s calculate the mass of the gun. Find Kinetic enegry
of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
23) A car of mass 2500kg accelerates at the rate of 4m/s2 and then at the rate of 16 m/s2.
Calculate t6he ratio of the forces exerted by the engine in the two cases. Find Kinetic
enegry of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
24) A driver accelerates his car first at the rate of 1.8m/s2 and then at the rate of 1.2m/s2
calculate the ration of the forces exerted by the engines. Find Kinetic enegry of both ?
Find the work done n this time ?
25) A body of mass 5 kg undergoes a change in speed from 30 to 40m/s . calculate its
increase in momentum. Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
26) A body of mass 100g is moving with a velocity of 15m/s Find the momentum associated
with the ball. Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
27) A body of mass 5 kg is moving with a uniform velocity of 10m/s It is acted upon by a
force of 20N What will be its velocity after 1s. Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the
work done n this time ?
28) In order to gain a velocity of 12m/s how long should a force of 30N be exerted on a
body of mass 5kg? Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
29) The velocity of a body of mass 5kg reduces from 10 m/s to 5 m/s. What is the change in
momentum of the body? Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
30) A 5 kg rifle fires a 10g bullet at a velocity of 500m/s find the recoil velocity of the rifle.
Find Kinetic enegry of both ? Find the work done n this time ?
31) A rifle bullet of mass 7 gm leaves the barrel of rifle with a velocity of 300 m/s. If the
rifle recoils with a velocity of 1 m/s, find the mass of the rifle Find Kinetic enegry of both
?