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Manual Valves - Flow Coefficients

Saeid Rahimi
28-Feb-2012
Introduction
Manual valves are used for different purposes like isolation, throttling, control, pressurization, depressurization, venting, draining
and purging, etc. Type of valve is generally selected based on service, size, frequency of operation, required tightness (leakage
rate), and valve pressure drop and cost. Regardless of purpose and type of manual valve, a process engineer may be asked to
carry out following activities which need valve flow coefficient (Cv):
1. Calculating the flow rate that valve can pass. Some examples are:

Calculating the maximum flow through control valve manual bypass where downstream relief valve is going to be sized
for control valve failure + fully open bypass valve.

Calculating the maximum drain flow rate from a depressurized process vessel to closed drain drum, in order to check the
capacity of closed drain drum pump (to prevent closed drain drum overflow).

Calculating the draining time of process vessel to the drain system through drain valve after vessel is completely
depressurized which may be interesting for operator.

2. Selecting the size of valve suitable for a particular application. For example:

Selecting the size of control valve bypass based on control valve Cv. Some guidelines state that control valve bypass size
should be selected so that the valve Cv is higher than control valve Cv and less than double of control valve Cv.

Selecting the size of pressurization or depressurization valve when the required flow rate has been calculated or limited to
a specific value. Selecting the valve of right type and size which ensures flow rate not higher than required flow eliminates
the need for installing a flow limiting element (such as restriction orifice) upstream/downstream of valve.

In this note, I present a comprehensive list of manual valve Cv for different types of valves. Though valve Cv can be different
from manufacturer to manufacturer, but the difference between valve Cv form different manufactures is not generally much
unless it is manufactured for a specific need (as specialty item). Therefore in absence of vendor data, the following data can be
used.

Manual Valve Flow Coefficient


1.

Full Bore Ball Valve

Body Size
(in)
150#
300#
52
52

115
113
1
300
300
1 1/2
520
476
2
1405
1188
3
2627
2276
4
5549
5499
6
10855
11364
8
18043
17483
10
27187
26373
12
33297
31566
14
45210
43072
16
59262
57429
18
76878
73925
20
115062
111193
24
156500
150600
28
187900
181250
30
242000
230500
34
275000
269000
36
All flow coefficients are in gal/minutes.

400#
46
99
265
448
1140
1975
4959
9551
16058
24285
30344
41545
55596
71481
106916
147100
174100
220000
248000

Rating
600#
46
99
265
413
1062
1924
4664
9062
14866
23216
29224
39610
52847
67205
121986
140850
114900
211000
236500

900#
42
91
236
369
1023
1858
4460
8574
14398
21587
27187
37166
-

1500#
42
91
236
369
924
1700
4154
8075
13278
19907
24591
33602
-

2500#
29
53
160
334
835
1527
3645
7270
11690
17819
-

2.

Reduced Bore Ball Valve


Body Size
(in)
1
1 1/2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
16
18
20
20
24
30
36
36

3.

150#
26
46
115
190
567
815
2021
4205
7348
13879
14100
15053
21176
23546
28371
27351
82600
62800
130000

300#
26
46
129
200
548
778
2031
4205
7450
14094
14250
15308
21227
23810
28473
27351
82500
63800
129200

400#
28
45
140
189
543
764
2296
4184
7317
14186
14484
14920
21687
24020
29290
27657
84500
65500
134300

Rating
600#
28
45
140
183
539
760
2276
4368
7664
14396
14530
14829
22656
24150
30514
28473
88800
70100
139800

900#
28
48
142
192
589
774
2118
4705
8103
13070
13120
14662
-

1500#
27
48
142
177
524
742
2312
4664
9420
13564
13320
14464
-

2500#
21
31
105
229
589
806
2368
4700
9328
-

Full Bore 150# Ball Valve at Different Opening Angle


Body
Size (in)
3/4
1
1.5
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

4.

Bore
size (in)
3/4
1
1 1/2
2
3
4
6
8
10
12
12
14
16
16
18
20
28
30
34

15
1.4
2.5
12
30
55
77
107
140
157
256
373

20
0.9
1.3
5
8.8
29
65
113
159
216
282
327
483
703

30
0.8
1.4
3.4
4.9
17
30
84
165
272
383
497
647
786
1060
1650

40
1.8
3.3
8
12
36
64
169
315
513
720
917
1200
1480
1950
2850

Valve Opening Angle


50
60
65
70
3.6
6.1
8.1
11
6.4
11
15
19
16
28
39
54
23
40
58
84
65
106
147
211
115
191
277
403
291
502
728
1060
531
946
1360 1970
861
1560 2230 3240
1210
2220
3230 4680
1530
2850
4110 5940
1990
3750
5430 7850
2480
4610
6760 9820
3090 6110 8790 12600
4700 8880 12770 18300

Globe Valve
Body Size
(in)
1/2

1
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
6

Rating
150#
5
7
12.7
25
45
70
100
185
440

300#
5
7
12.7
25
45
70
100
185
440

600#
5
7
12.7
25
45
70
100
185
440

900#
7.2
17.5
35
60
90
170
400

75
14
25
74
118
294
563
1480
2760
4540
6560
8330
11000
13760
17660
25660

80
21
39
108
183
444
848
2190
4000
6520
9420
11860
15680
19770
24960
36270

85
36
64
166
297
719
1373
3520
6400
10460
15110
19000
25110
31710
39930
58000

90
46
103
250
465
1100
2100
5300
9500
15500
22400
28000
37000
47000
58500
85000

8
10
12
5.

780
1200
1810

710
-

150#
165
310
490
710
1300
3100
5720
8940
13350
16280
21560
28720
35760
52170

Rating
300#
600#
165
310
310
490
490
710
710
1300
1300
3100
3100
5720
5540
8940
8500
13350
12800
16220
15370
21560
20170
27890
26270
34840
32140
51050
46710

900#
270
400
620
1150
2680
4700
7850
11480
13910
18150
23910
29500
-

Knife Gate Valve


Body Size
(in)
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

7.

810
1260
1890

Gate Valve
Body Size
(in)
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

6.

810
1260
1890

Metal
Seat
210
360
560
1200
3500
5700
8600
11700
14700
18000
21600
25400
32800

Soft Seat
627
1380
4000
6510
9300
12400
15600
18900
22500
26000
34000

BiDirection
195
320
500
1100
3200
5400
7900
10700
13800
17000
20000
24000
31000

Rating
300#
100
143
223
435
1041
1911
3194
4428
5705
8243
9712
10658
16205

600#
93
133
28
387
979
1788
2747
3891
4873
6424
-

Butterfly Valve
Body Size
(in)
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24

150#
73
102
146
228
451
1103
2064
3517
4837
6857
9287
11400
14420
22050

34388
47160
64190

30
36
42
8.

150# Butterfly Valve at Different Opening Angle


Valve size
(in)
2
2 1/2
3
4
6
8
10

9.

28245
-

10
0.06
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.8
2
3

20
3
5
8
12
29
45
89

30
7
12
20
22
61
95
188

40
14
24
37
39
133
205
408

Disc Angles
50
25
45
65
70
237
366
727

60
36
64
98
116
392
605
1202

70
51
90
144
183
620
958
1903

80
70
125
204
275
930
1437
2854

90
76
135
220
302
1022
1579
3136

Plug Valve
Valve size
(in)
1
2
2 1/2
3
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
24
30
36

Port Area
(sq in)
0.86
1.6
7.4
7.4
12.7
24.6
42.3
66.8
97.1
119
158
193
240
352
507
732

10
1
5
8
10
18
38
65
103
150
194
250
325
400
570
890
1280

20
2
7
12
16
28
59
102
160
233
300
400
500
620
890
1390
2000

30
3
12
20
26
47
100
170
268
392
510
665
840
1040
1500
2340
3360

40
6
23
37
50
89
187
323
510
740
960
1250
1590
1960
2820
4410
6340

Plug Position
50
9
38
62
83
147
309
534
838
1220
1580
2070
2620
3240
4650
7270
10450

60
13
52
84
112
199
419
723
1130
1660
2150
2810
3565
4400
6320
9900
14200

70
21
85
135
180
322
678
1170
1840
2680
3470
4540
5755
7100
10200
16000
23000

80
32
131
210
280
498
1048
1808
2840
4150
5370
7030
8910
11000
15800
24700
35000

100
37
150
240
320
570
1200
2070
3250
4750
6150
8050
10200
12600
18100
28300
40700

Contact
Please visit www.linkedin.com/groups/Chemwork-3822450 should you have any comment, question or feedback or feel free to
contact S.Rahimi@gmail.com.