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1.

Life span is 120 days / Jangka hayat ialah 120 hari


Biconcave disc shape / Berbentuk dwicekung
Does not have nucleus / Tidak mempunyai nucleus

Which of the following have the above characteristics?
Antara sel berikut, yang manakah mempunyai ciri-ciri di atas?

A. Red blood cell / Sel darah merah C. Platlet / Platlet
B. White blood cell / Sel darah putih D. Lymphocyte / Limfosit

2. Diagram below shows the structure of a cell organelle.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan struktur organel sel.







Which cell does not possess this organelle?
Sel yang mana tidak mempunyai organel ini?

A. Guard cell / Sel Pengawal C. Epidermal cell / sel-sel epidermis
B. Spongy mesophyll cell / sel mesofil
mampung
D. Palisade mesophyll cell / sel-sel mesofil
palisad

3. Diagram shows an organism.
Rajah menunjukkan suatu organisma.






The organism shown above reproduces by
Organisma tersebut membiak melalui proses .
I. Forming spores / menghasilkan spora
II. budding / pertunasan
III. binary fission / belahan dedua
IV. regeneration / penjanaan semula

A. I and II
B. I and III
C. II and IV
D. II, III, and IV
SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN TANJONG BUNGA
PEPERIKSAAN PERTENGAHAN TAHUN 2014
TINGKATAN 4
Kod Kertas : 4551/1 Penyedia : Cik Vithiya Natchana
M/Pelajaran : Biologi Kertas 1 Penyemak : Pn. Banumegallai
Masa : 1jam 15 minit Disahkan : Cik Athiyah bt. Abdul razak
Bil. Calon : 14 orang

4. All living things are made up of basic units called..
Semua benda hidup terdiri daripada unit asas yang dipanggil..
A. Nucleus / Nukleus
B. Cells / Sel
C. Mitochondrion / Mitokondrion
D. Rough endoplasmic reticulum / Jalinan endoplasmic kasar

5. Which of the following organelles is covered with ribosomes on its outer surface?
Organel yang manakah yang diselaputi oleh ribosom?
A. Smooth endoplasmic reticulum / jalinan endoplasmic licin
B. Rough endoplasmic reticulum / jalinan endoplasmic kasar
C. Golgi apparatus / Jasad golgi
D. Mitochondria / mitokondrion

6. 1. What are the main functions of the nervous system?
Apakah fungsi-fungsi utama sistem saraf?

I. detects stimuli
mengenalpasti rangsangan
II. transmit nerve impulses and integrates the activities of other systems
menghantar impuls saraf dan memproses aktiviti-aktiviti system yang lain
III. controls the physiological processors in conjunction with the endocrine system
mengawal proses fisiologi dengan kerjasama system endokrin
IV. regulates the osmotic balance of the blood
mengawal keseimbangan osmotic darah
A. II and I
B. III and II
C. I, II and III
D. I, II, III and IV

7. Defends the body against infection
Melindungi badan dari jangkitan
Returns excess tissue fluid to the blood
Menghantar semula cecair tisu berlebihan ke dalam darah
The above statement refers to the
Pernyataan di atas merujuk kepada
A. endocrine system / system endokrin
B. lymphatic system / system limfa
C. muscular system / system otot
D. excretory system / system perkumuhan

8. What will happen if plants do not have cell walls?
Apakah yang akan berlaku jika tumbuhan tidak mempunyai sel tumbuhan?
A. Unwanted substances would enter the cell. / Bahan yang tidak diperlukan akan memasuki sel.
B. Plant cells would lose their shape and rigidity / Sel tumbuhan akan kehilangan bentuk dan
kesegahan sel.
C. Useful substances would flow out of the cell / Bahan yang diperlukan akan mengalir keluar.
D. Activities of the cell cannot be carried out / Aktiviti sel tidak dapat dijalankan.

9. Which of the following is not a plant organ?
Manakah antara yang berikut bukan merupakan organ tumbuhan?
A. Leaves / daun
B. Stems / batang
C. Xylems / xilem
D. Flowers / bunga

10. Which of the following are the physical factors that affect the internal environment of organism?
Manakah antara faktor fizikal yang berikut mempengaruhi persekitaran dalaman organisma?
I. Temperature / Suhu
II. Blood pressure / Tekanan darah
III. Osmotic pressure / Tekanan osmotik
IV. pH / pH
A. I and II
B. II and IV
C. I, II and III
D. II, III and IV

11. Diagram below shows the structure of a plasma membrane based on the fluid mosaic model.
Rajah dibawah menunjukkan struktur membrane plasma.










What is X and Y?
Apakah X dan Y?



X Y
A. Lipid Protein
B. Protein Lipid
C. Protein Phospholipid
D. Phospholipid Protein

12. Which of the following processes involve diffusion?
Proses manakah melibatkan resapan?
I. The intake of oxygen into the alveolus
Pengambilan oksigen ke dalam alveolus
II. The absorbtion of glucose and amino acids by cells in the villi of the small intestine.
Penyerapan glukos dan asid amino ke dalam villus pada usus kecil
III. The absorbtion og digested food through the villi of the small intestine.
Penyerapan bahan dicerna melalui villus pada usus kecil
IV. The intake of mineral ions by the root hairs of a plant.
Pengambilan ion mineral oleh sel akar pada pokok
A. I and II only
B. I and III only
C. I, III and IV only
D. I, II, III and IV

13. Which of the following processes is involved in the transport of sodium ions against the concentration
gradient?
Manakah antara proses yang berikut yang terlibat dalam pengangkutan ion natrium melawan
kepekatan?
A. Osmosis / Osmosis
B. Active transport / Pengangkutan aktif
C. Simple diffusion / Resapan ringkas
D. Facilitated diffusion / Resapan berbantu

14. Which of the following molecules move across the plasma membrane by simple diffusion?
Molekul manakah yang merentasi membrane plasma melalui resapan ringkas?
I. Water / air
II. Oxygen / oksigen
III. Starch / kanji
IV. Carbon dioxide / karbon dioksida
A. I and II only
B. I, II and IV only
C. II, III and IV only
D. I, II, III and IV

15. An experiment is carried to study the movement of substances across the Visking tubing. The result of
the Benedicts test and the iodine test at the beginning and at the end of the experiment are shown in
table in below.
Eksperimen untuk mengkaji pergerakan bahan melalui tube visking telah dijalankan. Keputusan
daripada ujian benedict dan ujian iodine pada permulaan dan akhir eksperimen dijadualkan di bawah.

Test
Ujian
Colour of the liquid in boiling tube
Warna larutan dalam tabung didih

Beginning of experiment End of experiment
Awal eksperimen Akhir eksperimen
Benedicts test
Ujian Benedict
Blue solution
Larutan biru
Brick red precipitate
Mendakan merah bata
Iodine test
Ujian iodine
Brown solution
Larutan coklat
Brown solution
Larutan coklat

What inference can be made from the experiment?
Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat melalui eksperiment ini?
A. The Visking tubing is permeable to glucose molecules.
Tiub visking adalah telap terhadap molekul glukos
B. The Visking tubing is permeable to starch molecules.
Tiub visking adalah telap terhadap kanji
C. The Visking tubing is permeable to both glucose and starch.
Tiub visking adalah telap terhadap kanji dan glukos
D. The Visking tubing is not permeable to glucose and starch molecules.
Tiub visking adalah tidak telap terhadap glukos dan kanji

16. Which of the following processes involves active transport?
Proses manakah yang melibatkan pengangkutan aktif?
A. Uptake of icons by root hair cells of a plant / Pengambilan ions oleh sel akar pokok
B. Absorption of digested food in the villus / Penyerapan bahan dicerna dalam villus
C. Absorption of water by root hair cells of a plant / Penyerapan air oleh sel akar pokok
D. Gaseous exchange between the alveoli and the blood capillaries. /Pertukaran gas pada alveoli dan
kapilari darah

17. Diagram shows the structure of a plant cell before and after it has been immersed in solution P.
Rajah menunjukan struktur sel pokok sebelum dan selepas ia direndam dalam larutan P.










What are solution P and the process that takes place in the plant cell?
Apakah p dan proses yang mengambil tempat di sel tumbuhan?

Solution P / Larutan P Process / Proses
A. Distilled water / air suling Plasmolysis / plasmolysis
B. Distilled water / air suling Deplasmolysis / deplasmolisis
C. 10% sucrose solution / 10% larutan sukros Plasmolysis / plasmolysis
D. 15% sucrose solution / 15% larutan sukros Haemolysis / haemolisis

18. The diagram shows a strip of a mustard green after it has been immersed in solution Z.
Rajah menunjukkan batang sawi selepas ia direndam dalam larutan Z.










Which of the following is solution Z?
Yang manakah larutan Z?
A. 0.1% salt solution / 0.1% larutan garam
B. distilled water / air suling
C. 1.5% sucrose solution / 1.5% larutan sukros
D. 30% sucrose solution / 30% larutan sukros

19. A piece of an onion epidermis is placed in 30% sucrose solution. Which of the following shows the
shape of the cells after 30 minutes?
Sekeping epidermis bawang telah dimasukkan ke dalam larutan 15% sukros. Yang manakah
menunjukkan bentuk sel selepas 30 minit?
A.





B.





C.





D.






20. Which of the following correctly describes the effects of excessive use of chemical fertilisers?
Yang manakah menunjukkan kesan penggunaan baja kimia yang berlebihan?
I. The soil solution becomes hypertonic
Larutan tanah menjadi hipertonik
II. The roots cells become flaccid
Sel akar menjadi flasid
III. The plasma membrane of the root cells are destroyed
Membrane plasma pada sel akar dimusnahkan
IV. Causes wilting in plant
Menyebabkan kelayuan
A. II and IV only
B. I,II,and IV only
C. II,III,and IV only
D. I,II,III,and IV

21. Which of the following substance acts as a medium for biochemical reactions in a cell?
Yang manakah menjadi medium kepada reaksi bio-kimia dalam sel?
A. Water / air
B. Lipid / lipid
C. Glucose / glukos
D. Amino acid / asid amino

22. Diagram below shows the movement of substances J and K into the cell a cross the plasma membrane.
Rajah dibawah menunjukkan pergerakan bahan J dan K merentasi sel melalui membrane plasma.

Which of the following are substances J and K?
Manakah antara berikut menunkujjan bahan J dan K?
J K
A. Water
Air
Glucose
Glukosa
B. Glucose
Glukosa
Water
Air
C. Water
Air
Potassium ion
Ion kalium
D. Potassium ion
Ion kalium
Amino acid
Asid amino

23. Diagram shows a type of cell.
Rajah menunjukkan sejenis sel.












What is the function of K?
Apakah fungsi K?
A. Carries out photosynthesis
Menjalankan fotosintesis
B. Controls the cells activities
Mengawal aktiviti sel
C. Produces energy
Menghasilkan tenaga
D. Synthesises the protein
Mensintesis protein

24. Diagram shows a type of fresh water unicellular organism.
Rajah menunjukkan sejenis organisma unisel air tawar .

Which of the labeled parts A, B, C or D perform osmoregulation?
Antara bahagian berlabel A, B, C dan D, yang manakah menjalankan pengosmokawalaturan ?

25. Diagram shows three types of muscle tissues found in an animal.
Rajah menunjukkan tiga jenis otot yang terdapat di dalam haiwan.







P Q R

Which organ consists of tissue P, Q and R?
Organ yang manakah antara berikut terdiri dari tisu P, Q dan R?

Tissue P / Tisu P Tissue Q / Tisu Q Tissue R / Tisu R
A. Intestine
Usus kecil
Arms and legs
Tangan dan kaki
Heart
Jantung
B. Arms and legs
Tangan dan kaki
Intestine
Usus kecil
Heart
Jantung
C. Heart
Jantung
Arms and legs
Tangan dan kaki
Intestine
Usus kecil
D. Intestine
Usus kecil
Heart
Jantung
Arms and legs
Tangan dan kaki

26. Diagram shows the movement of substances W, X and Y across the plasma membrane.
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pergerakan bahan W, X dan Y merentasi membran plasma.








What are substances W, X and Y?
Apakah bahan W, X dan Y?

W X Y
A. Glucose
Glukosa
Sodium ions
Ion natrium
Amino acid
Asid amino
B. Glucose
Glukosa
Amino acid
Asid amino
Sodium ions
Ion natrium
C. Oxygen
Oksigen
Sodium ions
Ion natrium
Amino acid
Asid amino
D. Oxygen
Oksigen
Amino acid
Asid amino
Sodium ions
Ion natrium

27. Diagram shows a cell cycle.
Rajah menunjukkan satu kitaran sel.

When does proteins and new organelles are being synthesised?
Bilakah berlakunya sintesis protein dan organel-organel baru?
A. G1 phase / Fasa G1
B. S phase / Fasa S
C. G2 phase / Fasa G2
D. M phase / Fasa M

28. Which of the following statements explain the importance of mitosis to cells?
Yang manakah di antara pernyataan berikut menerangkan kepentingan mitosis kepada sel ?
I. To ensure the chromosomal number is constant in all somatic cells.
Untuk memastikan bilangan kromosom adalah tetap dalam semua sel somatik.
II. To ensure the daughter cells have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell.
Untuk memastikan billangan kromosom adalah sama dengan biangan kromosom sel induk.
III. To ensure that the genetic material in the daughter cells is the same as in the parent cell
Untuk memastikan bahan genetik sel anak dalah sama dengan sel induk.Enzim tidak berubah
pada akhir reaksi.
IV. To contribute to the genetic variation in the daughter cells.
Untuk menyumbangkan kepada variasi genetik dalam sel anak.

A. I and II only
B. II and III only
C. I , II and III only
D. I , III and IV only

29. The diagram shows a stage in a cell division
Rajah menunjukkan proses dalam pembahagian sel

This stage of cell division is
Fasa dalam pembahagian sel yang ditunjukkan ialah
A. metaphase / metafasa
B. anaphase I / anafasa 1
C. anaphase / anafasa
D. metaphase I / metafasa 1

30. Which of the following shows the correct sequence for cell division?
Yang manakah menujukkan susunan yang betul dalam pembahagian sel ?
I. G
2

II. G
1
III. M
IV. S
A. I, II, III IV
B. II, IV, I, III
C. I, II, IV, III
D. II, III, IV, I

31. Arrange the diagrams in the right
sequence for mitosis.
Susun rajah-rajah berikut ke susunan
mitosis yang betul








A. IV, III, I, II
B. I, IV, II, III
C. III, II, I, IV
D. II, I, IV, III

32. Which of the following cells shows the cell at the mitotic metaphase stage?
Sel yang manakah yang menunjukkan sel pada metafasa?

















33. The figure shows the stages of division by mitosis
Rajah menunjukkan pembahagian sel dalam mitosis















Which of the following shows the correct sequence of the events?
Yang manakah menunjukkan susunan betul pembahagian sel ?

A. S, Q, P, R
B. R, Q, P, S
C. Q, P, S, R
D. P, Q, R, S

34. All somatic cells that are diploid originate from the
Kesemua sel somatic (diploid) terhasil daripada
A. gamete/ gamet
B. autosome/ autosom
C. chiasma / kiasma
D. zygote / zigot

35. The diagram shows a phase in nuclear division
Rajah menunjukkan fasa dalam pembahagian nuklear

What is this phase?
Apakah fasa ini ?
A. prophase / profasa
B. anaphase anafasa
C. metaphase / metafasa
D. telophase / telofasa

36. Which of the following statements are true about mitosis?
Pernyataan yang manakah adalah benar tentang mitosis?
I. Produces two daughter cells that are diploid
Menghasilkan 2 anak sel yang diploid
II. Daughter cells are the same genetically as the parent cell
Anak sel yang sama genetiknya seperti sel induk
III. Chromatid pairs separate during the anaphase stage
Kromatid terbahagi dalam anafasa
IV. Homologous chromosomes undergo synapsis during the prophase stage.
Kromosom homolog melalui sinapsis pada profasa
A. I and II only
B. II and IV only
C. I, II and III only
D. II, III and IV only

37. Which of the following substances may bring harm to the process of mitosis and meiosis?
Bahan yang manakah akan membawa kemudaratan kepada proses mitosis dan meiosis?
I. X-ray / X-ray
II. Fungicides / racun kulat
III. Benzene / benzin
IV. Mustard gas / gas mustard
A. I and III only
B. II and IV only
C. I, II and IV only
D. I, II, III and IV

38. The diagram shows an animal cell at one of the stages in meiosis.
Rajah menunjukkan sel haiwan dalam satu fasa mitosis.







Which of the following is the number of chromosomes in the daughter cells after the division?
Yang manakah menunjukkan bilangan kromosom dalam sel anak selepas pembahagian tersebut.

A. n = 2
B. n = 4
C. n = 8
D. n = 16

39. The following statements are about an organelle of a cell.
Pernyataan berikut adalah tentang sel organel






What is the organelle?
Apakah organel tersebut?

A. Vacuole / Vakuol
B. Nucleus / Nukleus
C. Golgi body / Jasad Golgi
D. Ribosome / Ribosom

40. The diagram shows the liquid composition of the human body.
Rajah menunjukkan komposisi cecair dalam badan manusia










Which of the following form the internal environment?
Yang manakah membentuk persekitaran dalaman?

A. P, Q, R
B. Q, R, S
C. P, R, S
D. P, Q, S

Exists freely in the cytoplasm or is attached to the rough
endoplasmic reticulum.
Wujud secara bebas dalam sitoplasma atau melekat pada
jalinan endoplasmic kasar
Site of the protein synthesis
Tempat bagi sintesis protein

41. Which of the following is a connective tissue?
Yang manakah ialah tisu penghubung?

A C





B D






42. What are the processes involved in the movement of water and mineral ions into root hairs?
Apakah proses yang terlibat dalam pergerakan air dan ion mineral pada sel akar ?
Water / Air Mineral ions / Ion mineral
A. Facilitated diffusion / Resapan berbantu Osmosis / Osmosis
B. Active transport / Pengangkutan aktif Osmosis / Osmosis
C. Osmosis / Osmosis Active transport / Pengangkutan aktif
D. Osmosis / Osmosis Facilitated diffusion / Resapan berbantu






43. Which of the following onion cells were immersed in a hypotonic solution?
Sel bawang yang manakah direndam dalam larutan hypotonic?













44. The graph shows the changes in mass of potato strips immersed in different concentrations of sucrose
solution.
Graf berikut menunjukkan perubahan dalam jisim strip kentang yang direndam dalam pelbagai jenis
kepekatan larutan sukrosa.

















Based on the above graph which of the following concentrations of sucrose solution should be used so
that a flaccid potato strip regains its turgidity?
Berdasarkan graf di atas, konsentrasi larutan sukros yang manakah perlu diguna supaya strip kentang
flasid mendapatkan balik kesegahan?
A. 1.5 g per 100 ml
B. 2.5 g per 100 ml
C. 3.5 g per 100 ml
D. 4.5 g per 100 ml

45. A plant cell is immersed in distilled water.
Which of the following is true about the movement of the water molecules in the early stage ?
Sel tumbuhan direndam dalam air suling.
Yang manakah adalah betul tentang pergerakan molekul air pada permulaan ?
A. No water molecules are entering or exiting the cell
Tiada molekul air yang boleh keluar atau masuk dalam sel
B. The rate of water molecules entering and exiting the cell is the same
Kadar masuk dan keluar molekul air adalah sama
C. The rate of water molecules entering the cell is higher than exiting the cell
Kadar masuk molekul air adalh tinggi daripada kadar keluar molekul air
D. The rate of water molecules exiting the cell is higher than entering the cell
Kadar keluar molekul air adalah tinggi berbanding kadar masuk molekul air

46. The diagram shows the molecular structure of three food classes.
Rajah menunjukkan struktur 3 jenis kelas makanan.








Which food classes do X, Y and Z belong to?
X,Y, dan Z tergolong dalam kelas makanan?


X Y Z
A.
Carbohydrate / Karbohidrat Protein / Protin Lipid / Lemak
B.
Protein / Protin Carbohydrate / Karbohidrat Lipid / Lemak
C.
Protein / Protin Lipid / Lemak Carbohydrate / Karbohidrat
D.
Lipid / Lemak Carbohydrate / Karbohidrat Protein / Protin

47. Diagram below shows the rate of enzyme hydrolysis reaction, R and S in the human body.
Rajah menunjukkan kadar hidrolisis enzim R dan S dalam badan manusia










Which of the following is true about enzymes R and S?
Yang manakah betul tentang enzim R dan S?

Enzyme R / Enzim R Enzyme S / Enzim S
A. Secreted in the stomach
Dihasilkan dalam perut
Secreted into the duodenum
Dihasilkan dalam duodenum
B. The active site changes at pH more than 4
Tapak aktif bertukar pada pH melebihi 4
The active site changes at pH more than 7
Tapak aktif bertukar pada pH melebihi 7
C. R is trypsin
R ialah tripsin
S is lipase
S ialah lipase
D. Synthesized in the rough in the endoplasmic
reticulum
Dihasilkan dalam endoplasmic kasar
Synthesized in the smooth endoplasmic
reticulum
Dihasilkan dalam endoplasmic reticulum licin

48. The diagram below shows the breaking down of complex molecules by an enzyme. Which of the
molecules A, B, C and D represents the substrate?
Rajah di bawah menunjukkan pemecahan molekul kompleks oleh enzim. Antara A, B , C, dan D yang
manakah menunjukkan substrat ?




49. Which of the following describe the internal environment of a living organism?
Manakah antara yang berikut memerihalkan keadaan persekitaran dalaman benda hidup?
A. Fluid in a body cell / cecair dalam sel badan
B. Fluid in an organelle / cecair dalam organel

C. Fluid surrounding the body / cecair di sekeliling badan
D. Fluid in the intercellular spaces / cecair dalam ruangan intersel

50.
A.
B.
C.
D.

51.
A.
B.
C.
D.

52.
A.
B.
C.
D.