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Wartsila LNG Summit

18 January 2011

Impact of LNG fuel in Marine Market

Cesar Corcuera
Station Manager
DNV Panama and South Caribbean

AGENDA


Air Emission Regulations

Benefits

LNG fuelled Ferries in operation

LNG Distribution System & local Resources

Other Benefits & Conclusion

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 2

Emission regulations ECA requirements




Sulphur (all ships)


- Today Marpol Annex VI: 4.5% Sulphur
- 2012 (august) : max 1.0% Sulphur fuel
- 2015: max 0.1% Sulphur fuel

NOx (newbuilds)
- Tier II: 2011, 20% NOx reduction
- Tier III: 2016, 80% NOx reduction

Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands


within 20 to 40 Nm from coasts

Ship-owners have three choices




Switch to Low sulphur fuel

Install exhaust gas cleaning system

Switch to LNG

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

These proposals were adopted by


(MEPC) IMO to be ECA by mid
2011.
11 October 2007

Slide 3

LNG Emissions compared to Diesel engines

LNG Engine Exhaust

CO2-20 to 25%
NOX-80 to 90%
SOX-100 %
Diesel Engine Exhaust

PM-100 %

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 4

Economical benefits

Abundance of Gas in US with 100+ years supply

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 5

1st Gas fuelled Ferry, January 2000


Prototype for Short Sea Shipping
 Capacity: 300 pax and 96 cars
Passenger/car ferry GLUTRA

 Builder: Aker Langsten, Norway


 System: Gas / Electric
 Engines: 4 Mitsubishi gas in
separate spaces (lean burn with gas
pre-chambers @ 2 bars & spark
ignited)
 Speed: 12 knots

Growth in Norway since 2000:


21 trading + more on order
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 6

GLUTRA
 Arrgt: Bridge, Pax, Control
Rm opposite side to E/Rs
 Fuel Tanks: 2 x 1000 cu ft.
 Type: SS vacuum insulated.
 Refueling: 6 days
 Bunkering time: 2 hrs
 Trade: 19 hrs, 7 days per wk

Lesser of B/5 or 38 ft.


Lesser of B/15 or 6.6 ft.
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

Min 2.5 ft

Min 2.5 ft
11 October 2007

Slide 7

6 more Ferries ordered from 2007

Plan: 12 Ferries by 2011


 Builder: Aker yards, Romania & Norway
 Capacity: 587 pax / 212 cars
 Speed: 21 knots with 2x16 cyl, 3530kW +
2x12cyl, 2650KW
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 8

3 Tide, Passenger Ferries, 2009

Max Speed: 12 knots


Tank Size: 1000 cu ft
Refueling: 7 days
Refueling time: 1 hour

Yard: Aker Lorient France


Capacity: 600 passengers
LNG Engines: 2 x 6 cylinder, 380KW Mitsubishi
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 9

OSVs with Wartsila DF Engines, 2003




Reduction in NOx emission = 20,000 cars

LADY VIKING

LADY VIKING

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

VIKING ENERGY

VIKING ENERGY

11 October 2007

STRIL PIONEER

STRIL PIONEER

Slide 10

Energy Viking
Engine: Wartsila Dual Fuel
Tank: Stainless Steel vacuum insulated
Refuel: Every 10th day
Volume: 7500 ft3
Pressure: 5 bar
Temp: -162 C

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 11

Norwegian Coast Guard patrol craft, 2008




Builder: Myklebust yard, Norway

3 LNG fuelled Coast Guard vessels contracted

Power Generation: DF (Gas + Diesel)

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 12

Further Developments


Norwegian Research Council (2006 2007) => Funding

Goal: Develop ship concepts for BIG ships using LNG

9 Project Participants:
DNV
Color Line (Cruise ferry owner)
SeaTrans (Cargo vsl owner)
GasNor (LNG plant)

Passenger Ship

Marintek (Maritime Research)


Chart Ferrox (cryogenic tank producer)
Aker Yards (STX)
Rolls Royce
Wartsila

RoRo Ship
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 13

4 RoRo ship on Order, 2008

Yard: Bharati, India


L: 433ft, Dwt: 5600, Type: RoRo/Containers Range: 3500 miles
Main Engine: Bergen 35:40, V12, 5250 KW, 15 knots, 6m draught
4 Rolls Royce design LNG fuelled vessels
Delivery: 2011, Trade: Norway / UK / W.Europe
Capacity: 94 TEU, Fuel Tanks: 15,000 cu ft = 4 TEU
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 14

LNG fuelled HarbourTug

Project development: Crowley, Glosten & Rolls Royce

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 15

Energy efficient design - including LNG fuel




Product carrier (15,000 dwt) with gas fuelled engines

LNG fuel tanks on deck

Fuel capacity: 22 days of operation

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 16

Distribution System in Norway


14,000 tpa

35,000 cu ft
2 Gas + 2 Diesel eng.
Unmanned Terminal

1750 cu ft
14 Trucks

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 17

Local LNG Terminals

UNDER CONSTRUCTION


1. Sabine, TX:

(ExxonMobil - Golden Pass)




2. Elba Island, GA:

(El Paso - Southern LNG Expansion)




3. Pascagoula, MS:

(ElPaso/Crest/Sonangol - Gulf LNG Energy)

Caribbean

Some US Gulf Terminals


converting to Export Terminals
Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Trinidad

Puerto Rico

Mexico (Altamira)

Plans to supply to: Jamaica & Dominican


Republic from US
Slide 18

Other Benefits & Conclusion


Advantages:
 Clean burning engines / less wear
 No fuel heating
 No Separators
CO2-20 to 25%

 Less filtration

NOX-80 to 90%

 Less oil pollution risk

SOX-100 %

With Ultra Low Sulphur Fuel:

PM-100 %

 Higher fuel Cost (> 2x)


 Safety Issues with Flash point
 Loss of Lubricity, more wear
 Fuel injectors pressure loss

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 19

Health and other Benefits

In USA, EPA estimates: Annual benefits in 2020 will include


- Preventing bet 5,500 and 14,000 premature deaths,
- 3,800 emergency room visits
- 4,900,000 cases of acute respiratory symptoms

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 20

How can DNV help?




DNV Rules since 2001 => IMO Interim Guidelines

Knowledge

Experience based on many significant projects

Advisory / FSA / Concept design / Approve / Supervise / Train / Support

Worked closely with Norwegian Maritime Directorate

USCG Washington and DNV in dialogue

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 21

Questions?

LNG Fuel
The Best Green Shipping solution for

www.dnv.com

fixed routes: Ferries, Liners, OSVs,


Crewboats, Tugs, Workboats

Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

11 October 2007

Slide 22