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RULES OF PROCEDURE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CASES

PART I
RULE 1
GENERAL PROVISIONS
Section 1. Title. These Rules shll !e "no#n s $The Rules o% P&oce'u&e %o& En(i&on)entl Cses.$
Section *. Sco+e. These Rules shll ,o(e&n the +&oce'u&e in ci(il- c&i)inl n' s+ecil ci(il ctions !e%o&e
the Re,ionl T&il Cou&ts- Met&o+olitn T&il Cou&ts- Munici+l T&il Cou&ts in Cities- Munici+l T&il Cou&ts
n' Munici+l Ci&cuit T&il Cou&ts in(ol(in, en%o&ce)ent o& (ioltions o% en(i&on)entl n' othe& &elte'
l#s- &ules n' &e,ultions such s !ut not li)ite' to the %ollo#in,.
/0 Act No. 123*- P&ohi!ition A,inst Cuttin, o% Tin'lo- A"li- n' Mol(e T&ees4
/!0 P.D. No. 352- Re(ise' Fo&est&6 Co'e4
/c0 P.D. No. 728- Snittion Co'e4
/'0 P.D. No. 939- M&ine Pollution Dec&ee4
/e0 P.D. No. 1583- :te& Co'e4
/%0 P.D. No. 1121- Phili++ine En(i&on)entl Polic6 o% 19334
/,0 P.D. No. 1;11- Plnt <u&ntine L# o% 19374
/h0 P.D. No. 1278- Est!lishin, n En(i&on)entl I)+ct Stte)ent S6ste) Inclu'in, Othe& En(i&on)entl
Mn,e)ent Relte' Mesu&es n' %o& Othe& Pu&+oses4
/i0 R.A. No. 1231- P&ohi!ition A,inst the Cuttin,- Dest&o6in, o& In=u&in, o% Plnte' o& G&o#in, T&ees-
Flo#e&in, Plnts n' Sh&u!s o& Plnts o% Scenic Vlue lon, Pu!lic Ro's- in Pl>s- P&"s- School P&e)ises
o& in n6 Othe& Pu!lic G&oun'4
/=0 R.A. No. ;725- L,un L"e De(elo+)ent Autho&it6 Act4
/"0 R.A. No. 8989- To?ic Su!stnces n' @>&'ous :ste Act4
/l0 R.A. No. 3538- Peo+leAs S)llBScle Minin, Act4
/)0 R.A. No. 3278- Ntionl Inte,&te' P&otecte' A&es S6ste) Act inclu'in, ll l#s- 'ec&ees- o&'e&s-
+&ocl)tions n' issunces est!lishin, +&otecte' &es4
/n0 R.A. No. 3811- St&te,ic En(i&on)entl Pln %o& Pl#n Act4
/o0 R.A. No. 39;*- Phili++ine Minin, Act4
/+0 R.A. No. 7131- In'i,enous Peo+les Ri,hts Act4
/C0 R.A. No. 7225- Phili++ine Fishe&ies Co'e4
/&0 R.A. No. 73;9- Clen Ai& Act4
/s0 R.A. No. 9551- Ecolo,icl Soli' :ste Mn,e)ent Act4
/t0 R.A. No. 953*- Ntionl C(es n' C(e Resou&ce Mn,e)ent Act4
/u0 R.A. No. 91;3- :il'li%e Conse&(tion n' P&otection Act4
/(0 R.A. No. 9132- Chins# Act4
/#0 R.A. No. 9*32- Clen :te& Act4
/?0 R.A. No. 9;71- Oil S+ill Co)+enstion Act o% *5534 n'
/60 P&o(isions in C.A. No. 1;1- The Pu!lic Ln' Act4 R.A. No. 8823- Co)+&ehensi(e A,&&in Re%o&) L# o%
19774 R.A. No. 3185- Locl Go(e&n)ent Co'e o% 19914 R.A. No. 3181- T? L#s Inco&+o&te' in the Re(ise'
Fo&est&6 Co'e n' Othe& En(i&on)entl L#s /A)en'in, the NIRC04 R.A. No. 3157- See' In'ust&6
De(elo+)ent Act o% 199*4 R.A. No. 3955- @i,hBVlue C&o+s De(elo+)ent
Rules o% P&oce'u&e %o& En(i&on)entl Cses Act4 R.A. No. 75;7- Coconut P&ese&(tion Act4 R.A. No. 7;12-
A,&icultu&e n' Fishe&ies Mo'e&ni>tion Act o% 19934 R.A. No. 92**- The Phili++ine A&chi+el,ic Dselines
L#4 R.A. No. 9291- Rene#!le Ene&,6 Act o% *5574 R.A. No. 9813- Phili++ine Dio%uels Act4 n' othe&
e?istin, l#s tht &elte to the conse&(tion- 'e(elo+)ent- +&ese&(tion- +&otection n' utili>tion o% the
en(i&on)ent n' ntu&l &esou&ces.
Section 1. O!=ecti(es. B The o!=ecti(es o% these Rules &e.
/0 To +&otect n' '(nce the constitutionl &i,ht o% the +eo+le to !lnce' n' helth%ul ecolo,64
/!0 To +&o(i'e si)+li%ie'- s+ee'6 n' ine?+ensi(e +&oce'u&e %o& the en%o&ce)ent o% en(i&on)entl &i,hts n'
'uties &eco,ni>e' un'e& the Constitution- e?istin, l#s- &ules n' &e,ultions- n' inte&ntionl ,&ee)ents4
/c0 To int&o'uce n' 'o+t inno(tions n' !est +&ctices ensu&in, the e%%ecti(e en%o&ce)ent o% &e)e'ies n'
&e'&ess %o& (ioltion o% en(i&on)entl l#s4 n'
/'0 To en!le the cou&ts to )onito& n' e?ct co)+lince #ith o&'e&s n' =u',)ents in en(i&on)entl cses.
Section ;. De%inition o% Te&)s. B
/0 D6B+&o'uct o& 'e&i(ti(es )ens n6 +&t t"en o& su!stnce e?t&cte' %&o) #il'li%e- in &# o& in +&ocesse'
%o&) inclu'in, stu%%e' ni)ls n' he&!&iu) s+eci)ens. 1((+hi1
/!0 Consent 'ec&ee &e%e&s to =u'icill6B++&o(e' settle)ent !et#een conce&ne' +&ties !se' on +u!lic
inte&est n' +u!lic +olic6 to +&otect n' +&ese&(e the en(i&on)ent.
/c0 Continuin, )n')us is #&it issue' !6 cou&t in n en(i&on)entl cse 'i&ectin, n6 ,enc6 o&
inst&u)entlit6 o% the ,o(e&n)ent o& o%%ice& the&eo% to +e&%o&) n ct o& se&ies o% cts 'ec&ee' !6 %inl
=u',)ent #hich shll &e)in e%%ecti(e until =u',)ent is %ull6 stis%ie'.
/'0 En(i&on)entl +&otection o&'e& /EPO0 &e%e&s to n o&'e& issue' !6 the cou&t 'i&ectin, o& en=oinin, n6
+e&son o& ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6 to +e&%o&) o& 'esist %&o) +e&%o&)in, n ct in o&'e& to +&otect- +&ese&(e o&
&eh!ilitte the en(i&on)ent.
/e0 Mine&l &e%e&s to ll ntu&ll6 occu&&in, ino&,nic su!stnce in soli'- ,s- liCui'- o& n6 inte&)e'ite stte
e?clu'in, ene&,6 )te&ils such s col- +et&oleu)- ntu&l ,s- &'iocti(e )te&ils n' ,eothe&)l ene&,6.
/%0 P&ecution&6 +&inci+le sttes tht #hen hu)n cti(ities )6 le' to th&ets o% se&ious n' i&&e(e&si!le
'),e to the en(i&on)ent tht is scienti%icll6 +lusi!le !ut unce&tin- ctions shll !e t"en to (oi' o&
'i)inish tht th&et.
/,0 St&te,ic l#suit ,inst +u!lic +&tici+tion /SLAPP0 &e%e&s to n ction #hethe& ci(il- c&i)inl o&
')inist&ti(e- !&ou,ht ,inst n6 +e&son- institution o& n6 ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6 o& locl ,o(e&n)ent unit o&
its o%%icils n' e)+lo6ees- #ith the intent to h&ss- (e?- e?e&t un'ue +&essu&e o& sti%le n6 le,l &ecou&se tht
such +e&son- institution o& ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6 hs t"en o& )6 t"e in the en%o&ce)ent o% en(i&on)entl l#s-
+&otection o% the en(i&on)ent o& sse&tion o% en(i&on)entl &i,hts.
/h0 :il'li%e )ens #il' %o&)s n' (&ieties o% %lo& n' %un- in ll 'e(elo+)entl st,es inclu'in, those
#hich &e in c+ti(it6 o& &e !ein, !&e' o& +&o+,te'.
PART II
CIVIL PROCEDURE
RULE *
PLEADINGS AND PARTIES
Section 1. Ple'in,s n' )otions llo#e'. The +le'in,s n' )otions tht )6 !e %ile' &e co)+lint-
ns#e& #hich )6 inclu'e co)+ulso&6 counte&cli) n' c&ossBcli)- )otion %o& inte&(ention- )otion %o&
'isco(e&6 n' )otion %o& &econsi'e&tion o% the =u',)ent.
Motion %o& +ost+one)ent- )otion %o& ne# t&il n' +etition %o& &elie% %&o) =u',)ent shll !e llo#e' in hi,hl6
)e&ito&ious cses o& to +&e(ent )ni%est )isc&&i,e o% =ustice.
Section *. P&ohi!ite' +le'in,s o& )otions. The %ollo#in, +le'in,s o& )otions shll not !e llo#e'.
/0 Motion to 'is)iss the co)+lint4
/!0 Motion %o& !ill o% +&ticul&s4
/c0 Motion %o& e?tension o% ti)e to %ile +le'in,s- e?ce+t to %ile ns#e&- the e?tension not to e?cee' %i%teen /120
'6s4
/'0 Motion to 'ecl&e the 'e%en'nt in 'e%ult4
/e0 Re+l6 n' &e=oin'e&4 n'
/%0 Thi&' +&t6 co)+lint.
Section 1. Ve&i%ie' co)+lint. The (e&i%ie' co)+lint shll contin the n)es o% the +&ties- thei& ''&esses-
the cuse o% ction n' the &elie%s +&6e' %o&.
The +linti%% shll ttch to the (e&i%ie' co)+lint ll e(i'ence +&o(in, o& su++o&tin, the cuse o% ction
consistin, o% the %%i'(its o% #itnesses- 'ocu)ent&6 e(i'ence n' i% +ossi!le- o!=ect e(i'ence. The %%i'(its
shll !e in Cuestion n' ns#e& %o&) n' shll co)+l6 #ith the &ules o% ')issi!ilit6 o% e(i'ence.
The co)+lint shll stte tht it is n en(i&on)entl cse n' the l# in(ol(e'. The co)+lint shll lso inclu'e
ce&ti%iction ,inst %o&u) sho++in,. I% the co)+lint is not n en(i&on)entl co)+lint- the +&esi'in, =u',e
shll &e%e& it to the e?ecuti(e =u',e %o& &eB&%%le.
Section ;. :ho )6 %ile. An6 &el +&t6 in inte&est- inclu'in, the ,o(e&n)ent n' =u&i'icl entities
utho&i>e' !6 l#- )6 %ile ci(il ction in(ol(in, the en%o&ce)ent o& (ioltion o% n6 en(i&on)entl l#.
Section 2. Citi>en suit. An6 Fili+ino citi>en in &e+&esenttion o% othe&s- inclu'in, )ino&s o& ,ene&tions 6et
un!o&n- )6 %ile n ction to en%o&ce &i,hts o& o!li,tions un'e& en(i&on)entl l#s. U+on the %ilin, o%
citi>en suit- the cou&t shll issue n o&'e& #hich shll contin !&ie% 'esc&i+tion o% the cuse o% ction n' the
&elie%s +&6e' %o&- &eCui&in, ll inte&este' +&ties to )ni%est thei& inte&est to inte&(ene in the cse #ithin %i%teen
/120 '6s %&o) notice the&eo%. The +linti%% )6 +u!lish the o&'e& once in ne#s++e& o% ,ene&l ci&cultion
in the Phili++ines o& %u&nish ll %%ecte' !&n,6s co+ies o% si' o&'e&.
Citi>en suits %ile' un'e& R.A. No. 73;9 n' R.A. No. 9551 shll !e ,o(e&ne' !6 thei& &es+ecti(e +&o(isions.
Section 8. Se&(ice o% the co)+lint on the ,o(e&n)ent o& its ,encies. B U+on the %ilin, o% the co)+lint- the
+linti%% is &eCui&e' to %u&nish the ,o(e&n)ent o& the ++&o+&ite ,enc6- lthou,h not +&t6- co+6 o% the
co)+lint. P&oo% o% se&(ice u+on the ,o(e&n)ent o& the ++&o+&ite ,enc6 shll !e ttche' to the co)+lint.
Section 3. Assi,n)ent !6 &%%le. B I% the&e is onl6 one /10 'esi,nte' !&nch in )ulti+leBsl cou&t- the
e?ecuti(e =u',e shll i))e'itel6 &e%e& the cse to si' !&nch. I% the&e &e t#o /*0 o& )o&e 'esi,nte'
!&nches- the e?ecuti(e =u',e shll con'uct s+ecil &%%le on the '6 the co)+lint is %ile'.
Section 7. Issunce o% Te)+o&&6 En(i&on)entl P&otection O&'e& /TEPO0. B I% it ++e&s %&o) the (e&i%ie'
co)+lint #ith +&6e& %o& the issunce o% n En(i&on)entl P&otection O&'e& /EPO0 tht the )tte& is o%
e?t&e)e u&,enc6 n' the ++licnt #ill su%%e& ,&(e in=ustice n' i&&e+&!le in=u&6- the e?ecuti(e =u',e o% the
)ulti+leBsl cou&t !e%o&e &%%le o& the +&esi'in, =u',e o% sin,leBsl cou&t s the cse )6 !e- )6 issue e?
+&te TEPO e%%ecti(e %o& onl6 se(ent6Bt#o /3*0 hou&s %&o) 'te o% the &ecei+t o% the TEPO !6 the +&t6 o&
+e&son en=oine'. :ithin si' +e&io'- the cou&t #he&e the cse is ssi,ne'- shll con'uct su))&6 he&in, to
'ete&)ine #hethe& the TEPO )6 !e e?ten'e' until the te&)intion o% the cse.
The cou&t #he&e the cse is ssi,ne'- shll +e&io'icll6 )onito& the e?istence o% cts tht &e the su!=ect )tte&
o% the TEPO e(en i% issue' !6 the e?ecuti(e =u',e- n' )6 li%t the s)e t n6 ti)e s ci&cu)stnces )6
#&&nt.
The ++licnt shll !e e?e)+te' %&o) the +ostin, o% !on' %o& the issunce o% TEPO.
Section 9. Action on )otion %o& 'issolution o% TEPO. B The ,&oun's %o& )otion to 'issol(e TEPO shll !e
su++o&te' !6 %%i'(its o% the +&t6 o& +e&son en=oine' #hich the ++licnt )6 o++ose- lso !6 %%i'(its.
The TEPO )6 !e 'issol(e' i% it ++e&s %te& he&in, tht its issunce o& continunce #oul' cuse i&&e+&!le
'),e to the +&t6 o& +e&son en=oine' #hile the ++licnt )6 !e %ull6 co)+enste' %o& such '),es s he
)6 su%%e& n' su!=ect to the +ostin, o% su%%icient !on' !6 the +&t6 o& +e&son en=oine'.
Section 15. P&ohi!ition ,inst te)+o&&6 &est&inin, o&'e& /TRO0 n' +&eli)in&6 in=unction. B E?ce+t the
Su+&e)e Cou&t- no cou&t cn issue TRO o& #&it o% +&eli)in&6 in=unction ,inst l#%ul ctions o%
,o(e&n)ent ,encies tht en%o&ce en(i&on)entl l#s o& +&e(ent (ioltions the&eo%.
Section 11. Re+o&t on TEPO- EPO- TRO o& +&eli)in&6 in=unction. B The =u',e shll &e+o&t n6 ction t"en on
TEPO- EPO- TRO o& +&eli)in&6 in=unction- inclu'in, its )o'i%iction n' 'issolution- to the Su+&e)e
Cou&t- th&ou,h the O%%ice o% the Cou&t A')inist&to&- #ithin ten /150 '6s %&o) the ction t"en.
Section 1*. P6)ent o% %ilin, n' othe& le,l %ees. B The +6)ent o% %ilin, n' othe& le,l %ees !6 the +linti%%
shll !e 'e%e&&e' until %te& =u',)ent unless the +linti%% is llo#e' to liti,te s n in'i,ent. It shll constitute
%i&st lien on the =u',)ent #&'.
Fo& citi>en suit- the cou&t shll 'e%e& the +6)ent o% %ilin, n' othe& le,l %ees tht shll se&(e s %i&st lien on
the =u',)ent #&'.
Section 11. Se&(ice o% su))ons- o&'e&s n' othe& cou&t +&ocesses. B The su))ons- o&'e&s n' othe& cou&t
+&ocesses )6 !e se&(e' !6 the she&i%%- his 'e+ut6 o& othe& +&o+e& cou&t o%%ice& o& %o& =usti%i!le &esons- !6 the
counsel o& &e+&esentti(e o% the +linti%% o& n6 suit!le +e&son utho&i>e' o& 'e+uti>e' !6 the cou&t issuin, the
su))ons.
An6 +&i(te +e&son #ho is utho&i>e' o& 'e+uti>e' !6 the cou&t to se&(e su))ons- o&'e&s n' othe& cou&t
+&ocesses shll %o& tht +u&+ose !e consi'e&e' n o%%ice& o% the cou&t.
The su))ons shll !e se&(e' on the 'e%en'nt- to,ethe& #ith co+6 o% n o&'e& in%o&)in, ll +&ties tht the6
h(e %i%teen /120 '6s %&o) the %ilin, o% n ns#e&- #ithin #hich to (il o% inte&&o,to&ies to +&ties un'e&
Rule *2 o% the Rules o% Cou&t n' &eCuest %o& ')ission !6 '(e&se +&t6 un'e& Rule *8- o& t thei& 'isc&etion-
)"e use o% 'e+ositions un'e& Rule *1 o& othe& )esu&es un'e& Rules *3 n' *7.
Shoul' +e&sonl n' su!stitute' se&(ice %il- su))ons !6 +u!liction shll !e llo#e'. In the cse o% =u&i'icl
entities- su))ons !6 +u!liction shll !e 'one !6 in'ictin, the n)es o% the o%%ice&s o& thei& 'ul6 utho&i>e'
&e+&esentti(es.
Section 1;. Ve&i%ie' ns#e&. B :ithin %i%teen /120 '6s %&o) &ecei+t o% su))ons- the 'e%en'nt shll %ile
(e&i%ie' ns#e& to the co)+lint n' se&(e co+6 the&eo% on the +linti%%. The 'e%en'nt shll ttch %%i'(its
o% #itnesses- &e+o&ts- stu'ies o% e?+e&ts n' ll e(i'ence in su++o&t o% the 'e%ense.
A%%i&)ti(e n' s+ecil 'e%enses not +le'e' shll !e 'ee)e' #i(e'- e?ce+t lc" o% =u&is'iction.
C&ossBcli)s n' co)+ulso&6 counte&cli)s not sse&te' shll !e consi'e&e' !&&e'. The ns#e& to
counte&cli)s o& c&ossBcli)s shll !e %ile' n' se&(e' #ithin ten /150 '6s %&o) se&(ice o% the ns#e& in
#hich the6 &e +le'e'.
Section 12. E%%ect o% %ilu&e to ns#e&. B Shoul' the 'e%en'nt %il to ns#e& the co)+lint #ithin the +e&io'
+&o(i'e'- the cou&t shll 'ecl&e 'e%en'nt in 'e%ult n' u+on )otion o% the +linti%%- shll &ecei(e e(i'ence e?
+&te n' &en'e& =u',)ent !se' the&eon n' the &elie%s +&6e' %o&.
RULE 1
PREBTRIAL
Section 1. Notice o% +&eBt&il. B :ithin t#o /*0 '6s %&o) the %ilin, o% the ns#e& to the counte&cli) o& c&ossB
cli)- i% n6- the !&nch cle&" o% cou&t shll issue notice o% the +&eBt&il to !e hel' not lte& thn one /10 )onth
%&o) the %ilin, o% the lst +le'in,.
The cou&t shll sche'ule the +&eBt&il n' set s )n6 +&eBt&il con%e&ences s )6 !e necess&6 #ithin +e&io'
o% t#o /*0 )onths counte' %&o) the 'te o% the %i&st +&eBt&il con%e&ence.
Section *. P&eBt&il !&ie%. B At lest th&ee /10 '6s !e%o&e the +&et&il- the +&ties shll su!)it +&eBt&il !&ie%s
continin, the %ollo#in,.
/0 A stte)ent o% thei& #illin,ness to ente& into n )ic!le settle)ent in'ictin, the 'esi&e' te&)s the&eo% o&
to su!)it the cse to n6 o% the lte&nti(e )o'es o% 'is+ute &esolution4
/!0 A su))&6 o% ')itte' %cts n' +&o+ose' sti+ultion o% %cts4
/c0 The le,l n' %ctul issues to !e t&ie' o& &esol(e'. Fo& ech %ctul issue- the +&ties shll stte ll e(i'ence
to su++o&t thei& +ositions the&eon. Fo& ech le,l issue- +&ties shll stte the ++lic!le l# n' =u&is+&u'ence
su++o&tin, thei& &es+ecti(e +ositions the&eon4
/'0 The 'ocu)ents o& e?hi!its to !e +&esente'- inclu'in, 'e+ositions- ns#e&s to inte&&o,to&ies n' ns#e&s to
#&itten &eCuest %o& ')ission !6 '(e&se +&t6- sttin, the +u&+ose the&eo%4
/e0 A )ni%esttion o% thei& h(in, (ile' o% 'isco(e&6 +&oce'u&es o& thei& intention to (il the)sel(es o%
&e%e&&l to co))issione& o& +nel o% e?+e&ts4
/%0 The nu)!e& n' n)es o% the #itnesses n' the su!stnce o% thei& %%i'(its4
/,0 Cl&i%icto&6 Cuestions %&o) the +&ties4 n'
/h0 List o% cses &isin, out o% the s)e %cts +en'in, !e%o&e othe& cou&ts o& ')inist&ti(e ,encies. Filu&e to
co)+l6 #ith the &eCui&e' contents o% +&eBt&il !&ie% )6 !e ,&oun' %o& conte)+t.
Filu&e to %ile the +&eBt&il !&ie% shll h(e the s)e e%%ect s %ilu&e to ++e& t the +&eBt&il.
Section 1. Re%e&&l to )e'ition. B At the st&t o% the +&eBt&il con%e&ence- the cou&t shll inCui&e %&o) the +&ties
i% the6 h(e settle' the 'is+ute4 othe&#ise- the cou&t shll i))e'itel6 &e%e& the +&ties o& thei& counsel- i%
utho&i>e' !6 thei& clients- to the Phili++ine Me'ition Cente& /PMC0 unit %o& +u&+oses o% )e'ition. I% not
(il!le- the cou&t shll &e%e& the cse to the cle&" o% cou&t o& le,l &ese&che& %o& )e'ition.
Me'ition )ust !e con'ucte' #ithin nonBe?ten'i!le +e&io' o% thi&t6 /150 '6s %&o) &ecei+t o% notice o%
&e%e&&l to )e'ition.
The )e'ition &e+o&t )ust !e su!)itte' #ithin ten /150 '6s %&o) the e?+i&tion o% the 15B'6 +e&io'.
Section ;. P&eli)in&6 con%e&ence. B I% )e'ition %ils- the cou&t #ill sche'ule the continunce o% the +&eBt&il.
De%o&e the sche'ule' 'te o% continunce- the cou&t )6 &e%e& the cse to the !&nch cle&" o% cou&t %o&
+&eli)in&6 con%e&ence %o& the %ollo#in, +u&+oses.
/0 To ssist the +&ties in &echin, settle)ent4
/!0 To )&" the 'ocu)ents o& e?hi!its to !e +&esente' !6 the +&ties n' co+ies the&eo% to !e ttche' to the
&eco&'s %te& co)+&ison #ith the o&i,inls4
/c0 To sce&tin %&o) the +&ties the un'is+ute' %cts n' ')issions on the ,enuineness n' 'ue e?ecution o%
the 'ocu)ents )&"e' s e?hi!its4
/'0 To &eCui&e the +&ties to su!)it the 'e+ositions t"en un'e& Rule *1 o% the Rules o% Cou&t- the ns#e&s to
#&itten inte&&o,to&ies un'e& Rule *2- n' the ns#e&s to &eCuest %o& ')issions !6 the '(e&se +&t6 un'e&
Rule *84
/e0 To &eCui&e the +&o'uction o% 'ocu)ents o& thin,s &eCueste' !6 +&t6 un'e& Rule *3 n' the &esults o% the
+h6sicl n' )entl e?)intion o% +e&sons un'e& Rule *74
/%0 To consi'e& such othe& )tte&s s )6 i' in its +&o)+t 'is+osition4
/,0 To &eco&' the +&ocee'in,s in the $Minutes o% P&eli)in&6 Con%e&ence$ to !e si,ne' !6 !oth +&ties o& thei&
counsels4
/h0 To )&" the %%i'(its o% #itnesses #hich shll !e in Cuestion n' ns#e& %o&) n' shll constitute the
'i&ect e?)intion o% the #itnesses4 n'
/i0 To ttch the )inutes to,ethe& #ith the )&"e' e?hi!its !e%o&e the +&eBt&il +&o+e&.
The +&ties o& thei& counsel )ust su!)it to the !&nch cle&" o% cou&t the n)es- ''&esses n' contct nu)!e&s
o% the %%ints.
Du&in, the +&eli)in&6 con%e&ence- the !&nch cle&" o% cou&t shll lso &eCui&e the +&ties to su!)it the
'e+ositions t"en un'e& Rule *1 o% the Rules o% Cou&t- the ns#e&s to #&itten inte&&o,to&ies un'e& Rule *2 n'
the ns#e&s to &eCuest %o& ')issions !6 the '(e&se +&t6 un'e& Rule *8. The !&nch cle&" o% cou&t )6 lso
&eCui&e the +&o'uction o% 'ocu)ents o& thin,s &eCueste' !6 +&t6 un'e& Rule *3 n' the &esults o% the +h6sicl
n' )entl e?)intion o% +e&sons un'e& Rule *7.
Section 2. P&eBt&il con%e&ence4 consent 'ec&ee. B The =u',e shll +ut the +&ties n' thei& counsels un'e& oth-
n' the6 shll &e)in un'e& oth in ll +&eBt&il con%e&ences.
The =u',e shll e?e&t !est e%%o&ts to +e&su'e the +&ties to &&i(e t settle)ent o% the 'is+ute. The =u',e )6
issue consent 'ec&ee ++&o(in, the ,&ee)ent !et#een the +&ties in cco&'nce #ith l#- )o&ls- +u!lic
o&'e& n' +u!lic +olic6 to +&otect the &i,ht o% the +eo+le to !lnce' n' helth%ul ecolo,6.
E(i'ence not +&esente' 'u&in, the +&eBt&il- e?ce+t ne#l6B'isco(e&e' e(i'ence- shll !e 'ee)e' #i(e'.
Section 8. Filu&e to settle. B I% the&e is no %ull settle)ent- the =u',e shll.
/0 A'o+t the )inutes o% the +&eli)in&6 con%e&ence s +&t o% the +&eBt&il +&ocee'in,s n' con%i&) the
)&"in,s o% e?hi!its o& su!stitute' +hotoco+ies n' ')issions on the ,enuineness n' 'ue e?ecution o%
'ocu)ents4
/!0 Dete&)ine i% the&e &e cses &isin, out o% the s)e %cts +en'in, !e%o&e othe& cou&ts n' o&'e& its
consoli'tion i% #&&nte'4
/c0 Dete&)ine i% the +le'in,s &e in o&'e& n' i% not- o&'e& the )en')ents i% necess&64
/'0 Dete&)ine i% inte&locuto&6 issues &e in(ol(e' n' &esol(e the s)e4
/e0 Consi'e& the ''in, o& '&o++in, o% +&ties4
/%0 Sc&utini>e e(e&6 sin,le lle,tion o% the co)+lint- ns#e& n' othe& +le'in,s n' ttch)ents the&eto- n'
the contents o% 'ocu)ents n' ll othe& e(i'ence i'enti%ie' n' +&eB)&"e' 'u&in, +&eBt&il in 'ete&)inin,
%u&the& ')issions4
/,0 O!tin ')issions !se' on the %%i'(its o% #itnesses n' e(i'ence ttche' to the +le'in,s o& su!)itte'
'u&in, +&eBt&il4
/h0 De%ine n' si)+li%6 the %ctul n' le,l issues &isin, %&o) the +le'in,s n' e(i'ence. Uncont&o(e&te'
issues n' %&i(olous cli)s o& 'e%enses shoul' !e eli)inte'4
/i0 Discuss the +&o+&iet6 o% &en'e&in, su))&6 =u',)ent o& =u',)ent !se' on the +le'in,s- e(i'ence n'
')issions )'e 'u&in, +&eBt&il4
/=0 O!se&(e the Most I)+o&tnt :itness Rule in li)itin, the nu)!e& o% #itnesses- 'ete&)inin, the %cts to !e
+&o(e' !6 ech #itness n' %i?in, the ++&o?i)te nu)!e& o% hou&s +e& #itness4
/"0 Encou&,e &e%e&&l o% the cse to t&il !6 co))issione& un'e& Rule 1* o% the Rules o% Cou&t o& to
)e'ito& o& &!it&to& un'e& n6 o% the lte&nti(e )o'es o% 'is+ute &esolution ,o(e&ne' !6 the S+ecil Rules o%
Cou&t on Alte&nti(e Dis+ute Resolution4
/l0 Dete&)ine the necessit6 o% en,,in, the se&(ices o% Culi%ie' e?+e&t s %&ien' o% the cou&t /)icus
cu&ie04 n'
/)0 As" +&ties to ,&ee on the s+eci%ic t&il 'tes %o& continuous t&il- co)+l6 #ith the oneB'6 e?)intion o%
#itness &ule- 'he&e to the cse %lo# ch&t 'ete&)ine' !6 the cou&t #hich shll contin the 'i%%e&ent st,es o%
the +&ocee'in,s u+ to the +&o)ul,tion o% the 'ecision n' use the ti)e %&)e %o& ech st,e in settin, the t&il
'tes.
Section 3. E%%ect o% %ilu&e to ++e& t +&eBt&il. B The cou&t shll not 'is)iss the co)+lint- e?ce+t u+on
&e+ete' n' un=usti%ie' %ilu&e o% the +linti%% to ++e&. The 'is)issl shll !e #ithout +&e=u'ice- n' the cou&t
)6 +&ocee' #ith the counte&cli).
I% the 'e%en'nt %ils to ++e& t the +&eBt&il- the cou&t shll &ecei(e e(i'ence e? +&te.
Section 7. Minutes o% +&eBt&il. B The )inutes o% ech +&eBt&il con%e&ence shll contin )tte&s t"en u+
the&ein- )o&e +&ticul&l6 ')issions o% %cts n' e?hi!its- n' shll !e si,ne' !6 the +&ties n' thei& counsel.
Section 9. P&eBt&il o&'e&. B :ithin ten /150 '6s %te& the te&)intion o% the +&eBt&il- the cou&t shll issue +&eB
t&il o&'e& settin, %o&th the ctions t"en 'u&in, the +&eBt&il con%e&ence- the %cts sti+ulte'- the ')issions
)'e- the e(i'ence )&"e'- the nu)!e& o% #itnesses to !e +&esente' n' the sche'ule o% t&il. Si' o&'e& shll
!in' the +&ties- li)it the t&il to )tte&s not 'is+ose' o% n' cont&ol the cou&se o% ction 'u&in, the t&il.
Section 15. E%%o&ts to settle. B The cou&t shll en'e(o& to )"e the +&ties ,&ee to co)+&o)ise o& settle in
cco&'nce #ith l# t n6 st,e o% the +&ocee'in,s !e%o&e &en'ition o% =u',)ent.
RULE ;
TRIAL
Section 1. Continuous t&il. B The =u',e shll con'uct continuous t&il #hich shll not e?cee' t#o /*0 )onths
%&o) the 'te o% the issunce o% the +&eBt&il o&'e&.
De%o&e the e?+i&tion o% the t#oB)onth +e&io'- the =u',e )6 s" the Su+&e)e Cou&t %o& the e?tension o% the
t&il +e&io' %o& =usti%i!le cuse.
Section *. A%%i'(its in lieu o% 'i&ect e?)intion. B In lieu o% 'i&ect e?)intion- %%i'(its )&"e' 'u&in, the
+&eBt&il shll !e +&esente' s 'i&ect e?)intion o% %%ints su!=ect to c&ossB
e?)intion !6 the '(e&se +&t6.
Section 1. OneB'6 e?)intion o% #itness &ule. B The cou&t shll st&ictl6 'he&e to the &ule tht #itness hs to
!e %ull6 e?)ine' in one /10 '6- su!=ect to the cou&tAs 'isc&etion o% e?ten'in, the e?)intion %o& =usti%i!le
&eson. A%te& the +&esenttion o% the lst #itness- onl6 o&l o%%e& o% e(i'ence shll !e llo#e'- n' the o++osin,
+&t6 shll i))e'itel6 inte&+ose his o!=ections. The =u',e shll %o&th#ith &ule on the o%%e& o% e(i'ence in o+en
cou&t.
Section ;. Su!)ission o% cse %o& 'ecision4 %ilin, o% )e)o&n'. B A%te& the lst +&t6 hs &este' its cse- the
cou&t shll issue n o&'e& su!)ittin, the cse %o& 'ecision.
The cou&t )6 &eCui&e the +&ties to su!)it thei& &es+ecti(e )e)o&n'- i% +ossi!le in elect&onic %o&)- #ithin
nonBe?ten'i!le +e&io' o% thi&t6 /150 '6s %&o) the 'te the cse is su!)itte' %o& 'ecision.
The cou&t shll h(e +e&io' o% si?t6 /850 '6s to 'eci'e the cse %&o) the 'te the cse is su!)itte' %o&
'ecision.
Section 2. Pe&io' to t&6 n' 'eci'e. B The cou&t shll h(e +e&io' o% one /10 6e& %&o) the %ilin, o% the
co)+lint to t&6 n' 'eci'e the cse. De%o&e the e?+i&tion o% the oneB6e& +e&io'- the cou&t )6 +etition the
Su+&e)e Cou&t %o& the e?tension o% the +e&io' %o& =usti%i!le cuse.
The cou&t shll +&io&iti>e the '=u'iction o% en(i&on)entl cses.
RULE 2
EUDGMENT AND EFECUTION
Section 1. Relie%s in citi>en suit. B I% #&&nte'- the cou&t )6 ,&nt to the +linti%% +&o+e& &elie%s #hich shll
inclu'e the +&otection- +&ese&(tion o& &eh!ilittion o% the en(i&on)ent n' the +6)ent o% tto&ne6As %ees-
costs o% suit n' othe& liti,tion e?+enses. It )6 lso &eCui&e the (iolto& to su!)it +&o,&) o% &eh!ilittion
o& &esto&tion o% the en(i&on)ent- the costs o% #hich shll !e !o&ne !6 the (iolto&- o& to cont&i!ute to s+ecil
t&ust %un' %o& tht +u&+ose su!=ect to the cont&ol o% the cou&t.
Section *. Eu',)ent not st6e' !6 ++el. B An6 =u',)ent 'i&ectin, the +e&%o&)nce o% cts %o& the +&otection-
+&ese&(tion o& &eh!ilittion o% the en(i&on)ent shll !e e?ecuto&6 +en'in, ++el unless &est&ine' !6 the
++ellte cou&t.
Section 1. Pe&)nent EPO4 #&it o% continuin, )n')us. B In the =u',)ent- the cou&t )6 con(e&t the TEPO
to +e&)nent EPO o& issue #&it o% continuin, )n')us 'i&ectin, the +e&%o&)nce o% cts #hich shll !e
e%%ecti(e until the =u',)ent is %ull6 stis%ie'.
The cou&t )6- !6 itsel% o& th&ou,h the ++&o+&ite ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6- )onito& the e?ecution o% the =u',)ent
n' &eCui&e the +&t6 conce&ne' to su!)it #&itten &e+o&ts on Cu&te&l6 !sis o& soone& s )6 !e necess&6-
'etilin, the +&o,&ess o% the e?ecution n' stis%ction o% the =u',)ent. The othe& +&t6 )6- t its o+tion-
su!)it its co))ents o& o!se&(tions on the e?ecution o% the =u',)ent.
Section ;. Monito&in, o% co)+lince #ith =u',)ent n' o&'e&s o% the cou&t !6 co))issione&. B The cou&t )6
)otu +&o+&io- o& u+on )otion o% the +&e(ilin, +&t6- o&'e& tht the en%o&ce)ent o% the =u',)ent o& o&'e& !e
&e%e&&e' to co))issione& to !e ++ointe' !6 the cou&t. The co))issione& shll %ile #ith the cou&t #&itten
+&o,&ess &e+o&ts on Cu&te&l6 !sis o& )o&e %&eCuentl6 #hen necess&6.
Section 2. Retu&n o% #&it o% e?ecution. B The +&ocess o% e?ecution shll te&)inte u+on su%%icient sho#in, tht
the 'ecision o& o&'e& hs !een i)+le)ente' to the stis%ction o% the cou&t in cco&'nce #ith Section 1;- Rule
19 o% the Rules o% Cou&t.
RULE 8
STRATEGIC LA:SUIT AGAINST PUDLIC PARTICIPATION
Section 1. St&te,ic l#suit ,inst +u!lic +&tici+tion /SLAPP0. B A le,l ction %ile' to h&ss- (e?- e?e&t
un'ue +&essu&e o& sti%le n6 le,l &ecou&se tht n6 +e&son- institution o& the ,o(e&n)ent hs t"en o& )6 t"e
in the en%o&ce)ent o% en(i&on)entl l#s- +&otection o% the en(i&on)ent o& sse&tion o% en(i&on)entl &i,hts
shll !e t&ete' s SLAPP n' shll !e ,o(e&ne' !6 these Rules.
Section *. SLAPP s 'e%ense4 ho# lle,e'. B In SLAPP %ile' ,inst +e&son in(ol(e' in the en%o&ce)ent
o% en(i&on)entl l#s- +&otection o% the en(i&on)ent- o& sse&tion o% en(i&on)entl &i,hts- the 'e%en'nt )6
%ile n ns#e& inte&+osin, s 'e%ense tht the cse is SLAPP n' shll !e su++o&te' !6 'ocu)ents-
%%i'(its- ++e&s n' othe& e(i'ence4 n'- !6 #6 o% counte&cli)- +&6 %o& '),es- tto&ne6As %ees n' costs
o% suit.
The cou&t shll 'i&ect the +linti%% o& '(e&se +&t6 to %ile n o++osition sho#in, the suit is not SLAPP-
ttchin, e(i'ence in su++o&t the&eo%- #ithin nonBe?ten'i!le +e&io' o% %i(e /20 '6s %&o) &ecei+t o% notice tht
n ns#e& hs !een %ile'.
The 'e%ense o% SLAPP shll !e set %o& he&in, !6 the cou&t %te& issunce o% the o&'e& to %ile n o++osition
#ithin %i%teen /120 '6s %&o) %ilin, o% the co))ent o& the l+se o% the +e&io'.
Section 1. Su))&6 he&in,. B The he&in, on the 'e%ense o% SLAPP shll !e su))&6 in ntu&e. The +&ties
)ust su!)it ll (il!le e(i'ence in su++o&t o% thei& &es+ecti(e +ositions. The +&t6 see"in, the 'is)issl o%
the cse )ust +&o(e !6 su!stntil e(i'ence tht his ct %o& the en%o&ce)ent o% en(i&on)entl l# is
le,iti)te ction %o& the +&otection- +&ese&(tion n' &eh!ilittion o% the en(i&on)ent. The +&t6 %ilin, the
ction ssile' s SLAPP shll +&o(e !6 +&e+on'e&nce o% e(i'ence tht the ction is not SLAPP n' is
(li' cli).
Section ;. Resolution o% the 'e%ense o% SLAPP. B The %%i&)ti(e 'e%ense o% SLAPP shll !e &esol(e' #ithin
thi&t6 /150 '6s %te& the su))&6 he&in,. I% the cou&t 'is)isses the ction- the cou&t )6 #&' '),es-
tto&ne6As %ees n' costs o% suit un'e& counte&cli) i% such hs !een %ile'. The 'is)issl shll !e #ith
+&e=u'ice.
I% the cou&t &e=ects the 'e%ense o% SLAPP- the e(i'ence ''uce' 'u&in, the su))&6 he&in, shll !e t&ete'
s e(i'ence o% the +&ties on the )e&its o% the cse. The ction shll +&ocee' in cco&'nce #ith the Rules o%
Cou&t.
PART III
SPECIAL CIVIL ACTIONS
RULE 3
:RIT OF GALIGASAN
Section 1. Ntu&e o% the #&it. B The #&it is &e)e'6 (il!le to ntu&l o& =u&i'icl +e&son- entit6 utho&i>e'
!6 l#- +eo+leAs o&,ni>tion- nonB,o(e&n)entl o&,ni>tion- o& n6 +u!lic inte&est ,&ou+ cc&e'ite' !6 o&
&e,iste&e' #ith n6 ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6- on !ehl% o% +e&sons #hose constitutionl &i,ht to !lnce' n'
helth%ul ecolo,6 is (iolte'- o& th&etene' #ith (ioltion !6 n unl#%ul ct o& o)ission o% +u!lic o%%icil o&
e)+lo6ee- o& +&i(te in'i(i'ul o& entit6- in(ol(in, en(i&on)entl '),e o% such ),nitu'e s to +&e=u'ice
the li%e- helth o& +&o+e&t6 o% inh!itnts in t#o o& )o&e cities o& +&o(inces.
Section *. Contents o% the +etition. B The (e&i%ie' +etition shll contin the %ollo#in,.
/0 The +e&sonl ci&cu)stnces o% the +etitione&4
/!0 The n)e n' +e&sonl ci&cu)stnces o% the &es+on'ent o& i% the n)e n' +e&sonl ci&cu)stnces &e
un"no#n n' unce&tin- the &es+on'ent )6 !e 'esc&i!e' !6 n ssu)e' ++elltion4
/c0 The en(i&on)entl l#- &ule o& &e,ultion (iolte' o& th&etene' to !e (iolte'- the ct o& o)ission
co)+line' o%- n' the en(i&on)entl '),e o% such ),nitu'e s to +&e=u'ice the li%e- helth o& +&o+e&t6 o%
inh!itnts in t#o o& )o&e cities o& +&o(inces.
/'0 All &ele(nt n' )te&il e(i'ence consistin, o% the %%i'(its o% #itnesses- 'ocu)ent&6 e(i'ence-
scienti%ic o& othe& e?+e&t stu'ies- n' i% +ossi!le- o!=ect e(i'ence4
/e0 The ce&ti%iction o% +etitione& un'e& oth tht. /10 +etitione& hs not co))ence' n6 ction o& %ile' n6
cli) in(ol(in, the s)e issues in n6 cou&t- t&i!unl o& CusiB=u'icil ,enc6- n' no such othe& ction o&
cli) is +en'in, the&ein4 /*0 i% the&e is such othe& +en'in, ction o& cli)- co)+lete stte)ent o% its +&esent
sttus4 /10 i% +etitione& shoul' le&n tht the s)e o& si)il& ction o& cli) hs !een %ile' o& is +en'in,-
+etitione& shll &e+o&t to the cou&t tht %ct #ithin %i(e /20 '6s the&e%&o)4 n'
/%0 The &elie%s +&6e' %o& #hich )6 inclu'e +&6e& %o& the issunce o% TEPO.
Section 1. :he&e to %ile. B The +etition shll !e %ile' #ith the Su+&e)e Cou&t o& #ith n6 o% the sttions o% the
Cou&t o% A++els.
Section ;. No 'oc"et %ees. B The +etitione& shll !e e?e)+t %&o) the +6)ent o% 'oc"et
%ees.
Section 2. Issunce o% the #&it. B :ithin th&ee /10 '6s %&o) the 'te o% %ilin, o% the +etition- i% the +etition is
su%%icient in %o&) n' su!stnce- the cou&t shll ,i(e n o&'e&. /0 issuin, the #&it4 n' /!0 &eCui&in, the
&es+on'ent to %ile (e&i%ie' &etu&n s +&o(i'e' in Section 7 o% this Rule. The cle&" o% cou&t shll %o&th#ith issue
the #&it un'e& the sel o% the cou&t inclu'in, the issunce o% cese n' 'esist o&'e& n' othe& te)+o&&6 &elie%s
e%%ecti(e until %u&the& o&'e&.
Section 8. @o# the #&it is se&(e'. B The #&it shll !e se&(e' u+on the &es+on'ent !6 cou&t o%%ice& o& n6
+e&son 'e+uti>e' !6 the cou&t- #ho shll &etin co+6 on #hich to )"e &etu&n o% se&(ice. In cse the #&it
cnnot !e se&(e' +e&sonll6- the &ule on su!stitute' se&(ice shll ++l6.
Section 3. Penlt6 %o& &e%usin, to issue o& se&(e the #&it. B A cle&" o% cou&t #ho un'ul6 'el6s o& &e%uses to
issue the #&it %te& its llo#nce o& cou&t o%%ice& o& 'e+uti>e' +e&son #ho un'ul6 'el6s o& &e%uses to se&(e
the s)e shll !e +unishe' !6 the cou&t %o& conte)+t #ithout +&e=u'ice to othe& ci(il- c&i)inl o& ')inist&ti(e
ctions.
Section 7. Retu&n o% &es+on'ent4 contents. B :ithin nonBe?ten'i!le +e&io' o% ten /150 '6s %te& se&(ice o% the
#&it- the &es+on'ent shll %ile (e&i%ie' &etu&n #hich shll contin ll 'e%enses to sho# tht &es+on'ent 'i' not
(iolte o& th&eten to (iolte- o& llo# the (ioltion o% n6 en(i&on)entl l#- &ule o& &e,ultion o& co))it n6
ct &esultin, to en(i&on)entl '),e o% such ),nitu'e s to +&e=u'ice the li%e- helth o& +&o+e&t6 o%
inh!itnts in t#o o& )o&e cities o& +&o(inces.
All 'e%enses not &ise' in the &etu&n shll !e 'ee)e' #i(e'.
The &etu&n shll inclu'e %%i'(its o% #itnesses- 'ocu)ent&6 e(i'ence- scienti%ic o& othe& e?+e&t stu'ies- n' i%
+ossi!le- o!=ect e(i'ence- in su++o&t o% the 'e%ense o% the &es+on'ent.
A ,ene&l 'enil o% lle,tions in the +etition shll !e consi'e&e' s n ')ission the&eo%.
Section 9. P&ohi!ite' +le'in,s n' )otions. B The %ollo#in, +le'in,s n' )otions &e +&ohi!ite'.
/0 Motion to 'is)iss4
/!0 Motion %o& e?tension o% ti)e to %ile &etu&n4
/c0 Motion %o& +ost+one)ent4
/'0 Motion %o& !ill o% +&ticul&s4
/e0 Counte&cli) o& c&ossBcli)4
/%0 Thi&'B+&t6 co)+lint4
/,0 Re+l64 n'
/h0 Motion to 'ecl&e &es+on'ent in 'e%ult.
Section 15. E%%ect o% %ilu&e to %ile &etu&n. B In cse the &es+on'ent %ils to %ile &etu&n- the cou&t shll +&ocee'
to he& the +etition e? +&te.
Section 11. @e&in,. B U+on &ecei+t o% the &etu&n o% the &es+on'ent- the cou&t )6 cll +&eli)in&6 con%e&ence
to si)+li%6 the issues- 'ete&)ine the +ossi!ilit6 o% o!tinin, sti+ultions o& ')issions %&o) the +&ties- n' set
the +etition %o& he&in,.
The he&in, inclu'in, the +&eli)in&6 con%e&ence shll not e?ten' !e6on' si?t6 /850 '6s n' shll !e ,i(en the
s)e +&io&it6 s +etitions %o& the #&its o% h!es co&+us- )+&o n' h!es 't.
Section 1*. Disco(e&6 Mesu&es. B A +&t6 )6 %ile (e&i%ie' )otion %o& the %ollo#in, &elie%s.
/0 Ocul& Ins+ection4 o&'e& The )otion )ust sho# tht n ocul& ins+ection o&'e& is necess&6 to est!lish
the ),nitu'e o% the (ioltion o& the th&et s to +&e=u'ice the li%e- helth o& +&o+e&t6 o% inh!itnts in t#o o&
)o&e cities o& +&o(inces. It shll stte in 'etil the +lce o& +lces to !e ins+ecte'. It shll !e su++o&te' !6
%%i'(its o% #itnesses h(in, +e&sonl "no#le',e o% the (ioltion o& th&etene' (ioltion o% en(i&on)entl
l#.
A%te& he&in,- the cou&t )6 o&'e& n6 +e&son in +ossession o& cont&ol o% 'esi,nte' ln' o& othe& +&o+e&t6 to
+e&)it ent&6 %o& the +u&+ose o% ins+ectin, o&
+hoto,&+hin, the +&o+e&t6 o& n6 &ele(nt o!=ect o& o+e&tion the&eon.
The o&'e& shll s+eci%6 the +e&son o& +e&sons utho&i>e' to )"e the ins+ection n' the 'te- ti)e- +lce n'
)nne& o% )"in, the ins+ection n' )6 +&esc&i!e othe& con'itions to +&otect the constitutionl &i,hts o% ll
+&ties.
/!0 P&o'uction o& ins+ection o% 'ocu)ents o& thin,s4 o&'e& H The )otion )ust sho# tht +&o'uction o&'e& is
necess&6 to est!lish the ),nitu'e o% the (ioltion o& the th&et s to +&e=u'ice the li%e- helth o& +&o+e&t6 o%
inh!itnts in t#o o& )o&e cities o& +&o(inces.
A%te& he&in,- the cou&t )6 o&'e& n6 +e&son in +ossession- custo'6 o& cont&ol o% n6 'esi,nte' 'ocu)ents-
++e&s- !oo"s- ccounts- lette&s- +hoto,&+hs- o!=ects o& tn,i!le thin,s- o& o!=ects in 'i,iti>e' o& elect&onic
%o&)- #hich constitute o& contin e(i'ence &ele(nt to the +etition o& the &etu&n- to +&o'uce n' +e&)it thei&
ins+ection- co+6in, o& +hoto,&+hin, !6 o& on !ehl% o% the )o(nt.
The +&o'uction o&'e& shll s+eci%6 the +e&son o& +e&sons utho&i>e' to )"e the +&o'uction n' the 'te- ti)e-
+lce n' )nne& o% )"in, the ins+ection o& +&o'uction n' )6 +&esc&i!e othe& con'itions to +&otect the
constitutionl &i,hts o% ll +&ties.
Section 11. Conte)+t. B The cou&t )6 %te& he&in, +unish the &es+on'ent #ho &e%uses o& un'ul6 'el6s the
%ilin, o% &etu&n- o& #ho )"es %lse &etu&n- o& n6 +e&son #ho 'iso!e6s o& &esists l#%ul +&ocess o& o&'e&
o% the cou&t %o& in'i&ect conte)+t un'e& Rule 31 o% the Rules o% Cou&t.
Section 1;. Su!)ission o% cse %o& 'ecision4 %ilin, o% )e)o&n'. B A%te& he&in,- the cou&t shll issue n o&'e&
su!)ittin, the cse %o& 'ecision. The cou&t )6 &eCui&e the %ilin, o% )e)o&n' n' i% +ossi!le- in its
elect&onic %o&)- #ithin nonBe?ten'i!le +e&io' o% thi&t6 /150 '6s %&o) the 'te the +etition is su!)itte' %o&
'ecision.
Section 12. Eu',)ent. B :ithin si?t6 /850 '6s %&o) the ti)e the +etition is su!)itte' %o& 'ecision- the cou&t
shll &en'e& =u',)ent ,&ntin, o& 'en6in, the +&i(ile,e o% the #&it o% "li"sn.
The &elie%s tht )6 !e ,&nte' un'e& the #&it &e the %ollo#in,.
/0 Di&ectin, &es+on'ent to +e&)nentl6 cese n' 'esist %&o) co))ittin, cts o& ne,lectin, the +e&%o&)nce
o% 'ut6 in (ioltion o% en(i&on)entl l#s &esultin, in en(i&on)entl 'est&uction o& '),e4
/!0 Di&ectin, the &es+on'ent +u!lic o%%icil- ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6- +&i(te +e&son o& entit6 to +&otect- +&ese&(e-
&eh!ilitte o& &esto&e the en(i&on)ent4
/c0 Di&ectin, the &es+on'ent +u!lic o%%icil- ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6- +&i(te +e&son o& entit6 to )onito& st&ict
co)+lince #ith the 'ecision n' o&'e&s o% the cou&t4
/'0 Di&ectin, the &es+on'ent +u!lic o%%icil- ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6- o& +&i(te +e&son o& entit6 to )"e +e&io'ic
&e+o&ts on the e?ecution o% the %inl =u',)ent4 n'
/e0 Such othe& &elie%s #hich &elte to the &i,ht o% the +eo+le to !lnce' n' helth%ul ecolo,6 o& to the
+&otection- +&ese&(tion- &eh!ilittion o& &esto&tion o% the
en(i&on)ent- e?ce+t the #&' o% '),es to in'i(i'ul +etitione&s.
Section 18. A++el. B :ithin %i%teen /120 '6s %&o) the 'te o% notice o% the '(e&se =u',)ent o& 'enil o%
)otion %o& &econsi'e&tion- n6 +&t6 )6 ++el to the Su+&e)e Cou&t un'e& Rule ;2 o% the Rules o% Cou&t.
The ++el )6 &ise Cuestions o% %ct.
Section 13. Institution o% se+&te ctions. B The %ilin, o% +etition %o& the issunce o% the #&it o% "li"sn
shll not +&eclu'e the %ilin, o% se+&te ci(il- c&i)inl o& ')inist&ti(e ctions.
RULE 7
:RIT OF CONTINUING MANDAMUS
Section 1. Petition %o& continuin, )n')us. B :hen n6 ,enc6 o& inst&u)entlit6 o% the ,o(e&n)ent o&
o%%ice& the&eo% unl#%ull6 ne,lects the +e&%o&)nce o% n ct #hich the l# s+eci%icll6 en=oins s 'ut6
&esultin, %&o) n o%%ice- t&ust o& sttion in connection #ith the en%o&ce)ent o& (ioltion o% n en(i&on)entl
l# &ule o& &e,ultion o& &i,ht the&ein- o& unl#%ull6 e?clu'es nothe& %&o) the use o& en=o6)ent o% such &i,ht
n' the&e is no othe& +lin- s+ee'6 n' 'eCute &e)e'6 in the o&'in&6 cou&se o% l#- the +e&son ,,&ie(e'
the&e!6 )6 %ile (e&i%ie' +etition in the +&o+e& cou&t- lle,in, the %cts #ith ce&tint6- ttchin, the&eto
su++o&tin, e(i'ence- s+eci%6in, tht the +etition conce&ns n en(i&on)entl l#- &ule o& &e,ultion- n' +&6in,
tht =u',)ent !e &en'e&e' co))n'in, the &es+on'ent to 'o n ct o& se&ies o% cts until the =u',)ent is %ull6
stis%ie'- n' to +6 '),es sustine' !6 the +etitione& !6 &eson o% the )licious ne,lect to +e&%o&) the
'uties o% the &es+on'ent- un'e& the l#- &ules o& &e,ultions. The +etition shll lso contin s#o&n ce&ti%iction
o% nonB%o&u) sho++in,.
Section *. :he&e to %ile the +etition. B The +etition shll !e %ile' #ith the Re,ionl T&il Cou&t e?e&cisin,
=u&is'iction o(e& the te&&ito&6 #he&e the ction!le ne,lect o& o)ission occu&&e' o& #ith the Cou&t o% A++els o&
the Su+&e)e Cou&t.
Section 1. No 'oc"et %ees. B The +etitione& shll !e e?e)+t %&o) the +6)ent o% 'oc"et %ees.
Section ;. O&'e& to co))ent. B I% the +etition is su%%icient in %o&) n' su!stnce- the cou&t shll issue the #&it
n' &eCui&e the &es+on'ent to co))ent on the +etition #ithin ten /150 '6s %&o) &ecei+t o% co+6 the&eo%. Such
o&'e& shll !e se&(e' on the &es+on'ents in such )nne& s the cou&t )6 'i&ect- to,ethe& #ith co+6 o% the
+etition n' n6 nne?es the&eto.
Section 2. E?+e'itin, +&ocee'in,s4 TEPO. B The cou&t in #hich the +etition is %ile' )6 issue such o&'e&s to
e?+e'ite the +&ocee'in,s- n' it )6 lso ,&nt TEPO %o& the +&ese&(tion o% the &i,hts o% the +&ties +en'in,
such +&ocee'in,s.
Section 8. P&ocee'in,s %te& co))ent is %ile'. B A%te& the co))ent is %ile' o& the ti)e %o& the %ilin, the&eo% hs
e?+i&e'- the cou&t )6 he& the cse #hich shll !e su))&6 in ntu&e o& &eCui&e the +&ties to su!)it
)e)o&n'. The +etition shll !e &esol(e' #ithout 'el6 #ithin si?t6 /850 '6s %&o) the 'te o% the su!)ission
o% the +etition %o& &esolution.
Section 3. Eu',)ent. B I% #&&nte'- the cou&t shll ,&nt the +&i(ile,e o% the #&it o% continuin, )n')us
&eCui&in, &es+on'ent to +e&%o&) n ct o& se&ies o% cts until the =u',)ent is %ull6 stis%ie' n' to ,&nt such
othe& &elie%s s )6 !e #&&nte' &esultin, %&o) the #&on,%ul o& ille,l cts o% the &es+on'ent. The cou&t shll
&eCui&e the &es+on'ent to su!)it +e&io'ic &e+o&ts 'etilin, the +&o,&ess n' e?ecution o% the =u',)ent- n' the
cou&t )6- !6 itsel% o& th&ou,h co))issione& o& the ++&o+&ite ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6- e(lute n' )onito&
co)+lince. The +etitione& )6 su!)it its co))ents o& o!se&(tions on the e?ecution o% the =u',)ent.
Section 7. Retu&n o% the #&it. B The +e&io'ic &e+o&ts su!)itte' !6 the &es+on'ent 'etilin, co)+lince #ith the
=u',)ent shll !e contine' in +&til &etu&ns o% the #&it.
U+on %ull stis%ction o% the =u',)ent- %inl &etu&n o% the #&it shll !e )'e to the cou&t !6 the &es+on'ent. I%
the cou&t %in's tht the =u',)ent hs !een %ull6 i)+le)ente'- the stis%ction o% =u',)ent shll !e ente&e' in
the cou&t 'oc"et.
PART IV
CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
RULE 9
PROSECUTION OF OFFENSES
Section 1. :ho )6 %ile. B An6 o%%en'e' +&t6- +ece o%%ice& o& n6 +u!lic o%%ice& ch&,e' #ith the en%o&ce)ent
o% n en(i&on)entl l# )6 %ile co)+lint !e%o&e the +&o+e& o%%ice& in cco&'nce #ith the Rules o% Cou&t.
Section *. Filin, o% the in%o&)tion. B An in%o&)tion- ch&,in, +e&son #ith (ioltion o% n en(i&on)entl
l# n' su!sc&i!e' !6 the +&osecuto&- shll !e %ile' #ith the cou&t.
Section 1. S+ecil +&osecuto&. B In c&i)inl cses- #he&e the&e is no +&i(te o%%en'e' +&t6- counsel #hose
se&(ices &e o%%e&e' !6 n6 +e&son o& o&,ni>tion )6 !e llo#e' !6 the cou&t s s+ecil +&osecuto&- #ith the
consent o% n' su!=ect to the cont&ol n' su+e&(ision o% the +u!lic +&osecuto&.
RULE 15
PROSECUTION OF CIVIL ACTIONS
Section 1. Institution o% c&i)inl n' ci(il ctions. B :hen c&i)inl ction is institute'- the ci(il ction %o& the
&eco(e&6 o% ci(il li!ilit6 &isin, %&o) the o%%ense ch&,e'- shll !e 'ee)e' institute' #ith the c&i)inl ction
unless the co)+linnt #i(es the ci(il ction- &ese&(es the &i,ht to institute it se+&tel6 o& institutes the ci(il
ction +&io& to the c&i)inl ction.
Unless the ci(il ction hs !een institute' +&io& to the c&i)inl ction- the &ese&(tion o% the &i,ht to institute
se+&tel6 the ci(il ction shll !e )'e 'u&in, &&i,n)ent.
In cse ci(il li!ilit6 is i)+ose' o& '),es &e #&'e'- the %ilin, n' othe& le,l %ees shll !e i)+ose' on
si' #&' in cco&'nce #ith Rule 1;1 o% the Rules o% Cou&t- n' the %ees shll constitute %i&st lien on the
=u',)ent #&'. The '),es #&'e' in cses #he&e the&e is no +&i(te o%%en'e' +&t6- less the %ilin, %ees-
shll cc&ue to the %un's o% the ,enc6 ch&,e' #ith the i)+le)enttion o% the en(i&on)entl l# (iolte'. The
#&' shll !e use' %o& the &esto&tion n' &eh!ilittion o% the en(i&on)ent '(e&sel6 %%ecte'.
RULE 11
ARREST
Section 1. A&&est #ithout #&&nt4 #hen l#%ul. B A +ece o%%ice& o& n in'i(i'ul 'e+uti>e' !6 the +&o+e&
,o(e&n)ent ,enc6 )6- #ithout #&&nt- &&est +e&son.
/0 :hen- in his +&esence- the +e&son to !e &&este' hs co))itte'- is ctull6 co))ittin, o& is tte)+tin, to
co))it n o%%ense4 o&
/!0 :hen n o%%ense hs =ust !een co))itte'- n' he hs +&o!!le cuse to !elie(e !se' on +e&sonl
"no#le',e o% %cts o& ci&cu)stnces tht the +e&son to !e &&este' hs co))itte' it. In'i(i'uls 'e+uti>e' !6
the +&o+e& ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6 #ho &e en%o&cin, en(i&on)entl l#s shll en=o6 the +&esu)+tion o% &e,ul&it6
un'e& Section 1/)0- Rule 111 o% the Rules o% Cou&t #hen e%%ectin, &&ests %o& (ioltions o% en(i&on)entl l#s.
Section *. :&&nt o% &&est. B All #&&nts o% &&est issue' !6 the cou&t shll !e cco)+nie' !6 ce&ti%ie' t&ue
co+6 o% the in%o&)tion %ile' #ith the issuin, cou&t.
RULE 1*
CUSTODI AND DISPOSITION OF SEIJED ITEMS- E<UIPMENT-
PARAP@ERNALIA- CONVEIANCES AND INSTRUMENTS
Section 1. Custo'6 n' 'is+osition o% sei>e' ite)s. B The custo'6 n' 'is+osition o% sei>e' ite)s shll !e in
cco&'nce #ith the ++lic!le l#s o& &ules +&o)ul,te' !6 the conce&ne' ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6.
Section *. P&oce'u&e. B In the !sence o% ++lic!le l#s o& &ules +&o)ul,te' !6 the conce&ne' ,o(e&n)ent
,enc6- the %ollo#in, +&oce'u&e shll !e o!se&(e'.
/0 The ++&ehen'in, o%%ice& h(in, initil custo'6 n' cont&ol o% the sei>e' ite)s- eCui+)ent- +&+he&nli-
con(e6nces n' inst&u)ents shll +h6sicll6 in(ento&6 n' #hene(e& +&ctic!le- +hoto,&+h the s)e in the
+&esence o% the +e&son %&o) #ho) such ite)s #e&e sei>e'.
/!0 The&e%te&- the ++&ehen'in, o%%ice& shll su!)it to the issuin, cou&t the &etu&n o% the se&ch #&&nt #ithin
%i(e /20 '6s %&o) 'te o% sei>u&e o& in cse o% #&&ntless &&est- su!)it #ithin %i(e /20 '6s %&o) 'te o%
sei>u&e- the in(ento&6 &e+o&t- co)+lince &e+o&t- +hoto,&+hs- &e+&esentti(e s)+les n' othe& +e&tinent
'ocu)ents to the +u!lic +&osecuto& %o& ++&o+&ite ction.
/c0 U+on )otion !6 n6 inte&este' +&t6- the cou&t )6 'i&ect the uction sle o% sei>e' ite)s- eCui+)ent-
+&+he&nli- tools o& inst&u)ents o% the c&i)e. The cou&t shll- %te& he&in,- %i? the )ini)u) !i' +&ice !se'
on the &eco))en'tion o% the conce&ne' ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6. The she&i%% shll con'uct the uction.
/'0 The uction sle shll !e #ith notice to the ccuse'- the +e&son %&o) #ho) the ite)s #e&e sei>e'- o& the
o#ne& the&eo% n' the conce&ne' ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6.
/e0 The notice o% uction shll !e +oste' in th&ee cons+icuous +lces in the cit6 o& )unici+lit6 #he&e the ite)s-
eCui+)ent- +&+he&nli- tools o& inst&u)ents o% the c&i)e #e&e sei>e'.
/%0 The +&ocee's shll !e hel' in t&ust n' 'e+osite' #ith the ,o(e&n)ent 'e+osito&6 !n" %o& 'is+osition
cco&'in, to the =u',)ent.
RULE 11
PROVISIONAL REMEDIES
Section 1. Attch)ent in en(i&on)entl cses. B The +&o(isionl &e)e'6 o% ttch)ent un'e& Rule 1*3 o% the
Rules o% Cou&t )6 !e (ile' o% in en(i&on)entl cses.
Section *. En(i&on)entl P&otection O&'e& /EPO04 Te)+o&&6 En(i&on)entl P&otection O&'e& /TEPO0 in
c&i)inl cses. B The +&oce'u&e %o& n' issunce o% EPO n' TEPO shll !e ,o(e&ne' !6 Rule * o% these Rules.
RULE 1;
DAIL
Section 1. Dil- #he&e %ile'. B Dil in the )ount %i?e' )6 !e %ile' #ith the cou&t #he&e the cse is +en'in,- o&
in the !sence o& un(il!ilit6 o% the =u',e the&eo%- #ith n6 &e,ionl t&il =u',e- )et&o+olitn t&il =u',e-
)unici+l t&il =u',e o& )unici+l ci&cuit t&il =u',e in the +&o(ince- cit6 o& )unici+lit6. I% the ccuse' is
&&este' in +&o(ince- cit6 o& )unici+lit6 othe& thn #he&e the cse is +en'in,- !il )6 lso !e %ile' #ith n6
Re,ionl T&il Cou&t o% si' +lce- o& i% no =u',e the&eo% is (il!le- #ith n6 )et&o+olitn t&il =u',e-
)unici+l t&il =u',e o& )unici+l ci&cuit t&il =u',e the&ein. I% the cou&t ,&nts !il- the cou&t )6 issue hol'B
'e+&tu&e o&'e& in ++&o+&ite cses.
Section *. Duties o% the cou&t. B De%o&e ,&ntin, the ++liction %o& !il- the =u',e )ust &e' the in%o&)tion in
ln,u,e "no#n to n' un'e&stoo' !6 the ccuse' n' &eCui&e the ccuse' to si,n #&itten un'e&t"in,- s
%ollo#s.
/0 To ++e& !e%o&e the cou&t tht issue' the #&&nt o% &&est %o& &&i,n)ent +u&+oses on the 'te sche'ule'-
n' i% the ccuse' %ils to ++e& #ithout =usti%iction on the 'te o% &&i,n)ent- ccuse' #i(es the &e'in, o%
the in%o&)tion n' utho&i>es the cou&t to ente& +le o% not ,uilt6 on !ehl% o% the ccuse' n' to set the cse
%o& t&il4
/!0 To ++e& #hene(e& &eCui&e' !6 the cou&t #he&e the cse is +en'in,4 n'
/c0 To #i(e the &i,ht o% the ccuse' to !e +&esent t the t&il- n' u+on %ilu&e o% the ccuse' to ++e& #ithout
=usti%iction n' 'es+ite 'ue notice- the t&il )6 +&ocee' in !senti.
RULE 12
ARRAIGNMENT AND PLEA
Section 1. A&&i,n)ent. B The cou&t shll set the &&i,n)ent o% the ccuse' #ithin %i%teen /120 '6s %&o) the
ti)e it cCui&es =u&is'iction o(e& the ccuse'- #ith notice to the +u!lic +&osecuto& n' o%%en'e' +&t6 o&
conce&ne' ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6 tht it #ill ente&tin +leB!&,inin, on the 'te o% the &&i,n)ent.
Section *. PleB!&,inin,. B On the sche'ule' 'te o% &&i,n)ent- the cou&t shll consi'e& +leB!&,inin,
&&n,e)ents. :he&e the +&osecution n' o%%en'e' +&t6 o& conce&ne' ,o(e&n)ent ,enc6 ,&ee to the +le
o%%e&e' !6 the ccuse'- the cou&t shll.
/0 Issue n o&'e& #hich contins the +leB!&,inin, &&i(e' t4
/!0 P&ocee' to &ecei(e e(i'ence on the ci(il s+ect o% the cse- i% n64 n'
/c0 Ren'e& n' +&o)ul,te =u',)ent o% con(iction- inclu'in, the ci(il li!ilit6 %o& '),es.
RULE 18
PREBTRIAL
Section 1. Settin, o% +&eBt&il con%e&ence. B A%te& the &&i,n)ent- the cou&t shll set the +&eBt&il con%e&ence
#ithin thi&t6 /150 '6s. It )6 &e%e& the cse to the !&nch cle&" o% cou&t- i% #&&nte'- %o& +&eli)in&6
con%e&ence to !e set t lest th&ee /10 '6s +&io& to the +&eBt&il.
Section *. P&eli)in&6 con%e&ence. B The +&eli)in&6 con%e&ence shll !e %o& the %ollo#in, +u&+oses.
/0 To ssist the +&ties in &echin, settle)ent o% the ci(il s+ect o% the cse4
/!0 To )&" the 'ocu)ents to !e +&esente' s e?hi!its4
/c0 To ttch co+ies the&eo% to the &eco&'s %te& co)+&ison #ith the o&i,inls4
/'0 To sce&tin %&o) the +&ties the un'is+ute' %cts n' ')issions on the ,enuineness n' 'ue e?ecution o%
'ocu)ents )&"e' s e?hi!its4
/e0 To consi'e& such othe& )tte&s s )6 i' in the +&o)+t 'is+osition o% the cse4
/%0 To &eco&' the +&ocee'in,s 'u&in, the +&eli)in&6 con%e&ence in the Minutes o% P&eli)in&6 Con%e&ence to !e
si,ne' !6 the +&ties n' counsel4
/,0 To )&" the %%i'(its o% #itnesses #hich shll !e in Cuestion n' ns#e& %o&) n' shll constitute the
'i&ect e?)intion o% the #itnesses4 n'
/h0 To ttch the Minutes n' )&"e' e?hi!its to the cse &eco&' !e%o&e the +&eBt&il +&o+e&. The +&ties o& thei&
counsel )ust su!)it to the !&nch cle&" o% cou&t the n)es- ''&esses n' contct nu)!e&s o% the %%ints.
Section 1. P&eBt&il 'ut6 o% the =u',e. B Du&in, the +&eBt&il- the cou&t shll.
/0 Plce the +&ties n' thei& counsels un'e& oth4
/!0 A'o+t the )inutes o% the +&eli)in&6 con%e&ence s +&t o% the +&eBt&il +&ocee'in,s- con%i&) )&"in,s o%
e?hi!its o& su!stitute' +hotoco+ies n' ')issions on the ,enuineness n' 'ue e?ecution o% 'ocu)ents- n' list
o!=ect n' testi)onil e(i'ence4
/c0 Sc&utini>e the in%o&)tion n' the stte)ents in the %%i'(its n' othe& 'ocu)ents #hich %o&) +&t o% the
&eco&' o% the +&eli)in&6 in(esti,tion to,ethe& #ith othe& 'ocu)ents i'enti%ie' n' )&"e' s e?hi!its to
'ete&)ine %u&the& ')issions o% %cts s to.
i. The cou&tAs te&&ito&il =u&is'iction &elti(e to the o%%ense/s0 ch&,e'4
ii. <uli%iction o% e?+e&t #itnesses4 n'
iii. A)ount o% '),es4
/'0 De%ine %ctul n' le,l issues4
/e0 As" +&ties to ,&ee on the s+eci%ic t&il 'tes n' 'he&e to the %lo# ch&t 'ete&)ine' !6 the cou&t #hich
shll contin the ti)e %&)es %o& the 'i%%e&ent st,es o% the +&ocee'in, u+ to +&o)ul,tion o% 'ecision4
/%0 ReCui&e the +&ties to su!)it to the !&nch cle&" o% cou&t the n)es- ''&esses n' contct nu)!e&s o%
#itnesses tht nee' to !e su))one' !6 su!+oen4 n'
/,0 Consi'e& )o'i%iction o% o&'e& o% t&il i% the ccuse' ')its the ch&,e !ut inte&+oses l#%ul 'e%ense.
Section ;. Mnne& o% Cuestionin,. B All Cuestions o& stte)ents )ust !e 'i&ecte' to the cou&t.
Section 2. A,&ee)ents o& ')issions. B All ,&ee)ents o& ')issions )'e o& ente&e' 'u&in, the +&eBt&il
con%e&ence shll !e &e'uce' in #&itin, n' si,ne' !6 the ccuse' n' counsel4 othe&#ise- the6 cnnot !e use'
,inst the ccuse'. The ,&ee)ents co(e&in, the )tte&s &e%e&&e' to in Section 1- Rule 117 o% the Rules o%
Cou&t shll !e ++&o(e' !6 the cou&t.
Section 8. Reco&' o% +&ocee'in,s. B All +&ocee'in,s 'u&in, the +&eBt&il shll !e &eco&'e'- the t&nsc&i+ts
+&e+&e' n' the )inutes si,ne' !6 the +&ties o& thei& counsels.
Section 3. P&eBt&il o&'e&. B The cou&t shll issue +&eBt&il o&'e& #ithin ten /150 '6s %te& the te&)intion o%
the +&eBt&il- settin, %o&th the ctions t"en 'u&in, the +&eBt&il con%e&ence- the %cts sti+ulte'- the ')issions
)'e- e(i'ence )&"e'- the nu)!e& o% #itnesses to !e +&esente' n' the sche'ule o% t&il. The o&'e& shll !in'
the +&ties n' cont&ol the cou&se o% ction 'u&in, the t&il.
RULE 13
TRIAL
Section 1. Continuous t&il. B The cou&t shll en'e(o& to con'uct continuous t&il #hich shll not e?cee' th&ee
/10 )onths %&o) the 'te o% the issunce o% the +&eBt&il o&'e&.
Section *. A%%i'(it in lieu o% 'i&ect e?)intion. B A%%i'(it in lieu o% 'i&ect e?)intion shll !e use'- su!=ect
to c&ossBe?)intion n' the &i,ht to o!=ect to in')issi!le +o&tions o% the %%i'(it.
Section 1. Su!)ission o% )e)o&n'. B The cou&t )6 &eCui&e the +&ties to su!)it thei& &es+ecti(e )e)o&n'
n' i% +ossi!le- in elect&onic %o&)- #ithin nonBe?ten'i!le +e&io' o% thi&t6 /150 '6s %&o) the 'te the cse is
su!)itte' %o& 'ecision.
:ith o& #ithout n6 )e)o&n' %ile'- the cou&t shll h(e +e&io' o% si?t6 /850 '6s to 'eci'e the cse
counte' %&o) the lst '6 o% the 15B'6 +e&io' to %ile the )e)o&n'.
Section ;. Dis+osition +e&io'. B The cou&t shll 'is+ose the cse #ithin +e&io' o% ten /150 )onths %&o) the
'te o% &&i,n)ent.
Section 2. P&o !ono l#6e&s. B I% the ccuse' cnnot %%o&' the se&(ices o% counsel o& the&e is no (il!le
+u!lic tto&ne6- the cou&t shll &eCui&e the Inte,&te' D& o% the Phili++ines to +&o(i'e +&o !ono l#6e&s %o& the
ccuse'.
RULE 17
SUDSIDIARI LIADILITI
Section 1. Su!si'i&6 li!ilit6. B In cse o% con(iction o% the ccuse' n' su!si'i&6 li!ilit6 is llo#e' !6 l#-
the cou&t )6- !6 )otion o% the +e&son entitle' to &eco(e& un'e& =u',)ent- en%o&ce such su!si'i&6 li!ilit6
,inst +e&son o& co&+o&tion su!si'i&6 li!le un'e& A&ticle 15* n' A&ticle 151 o% the Re(ise' Penl Co'e.
RULE 19
STRATEGIC LA:SUIT AGAINST PUDLIC PARTICIPATION IN CRIMINAL CASES
Section 1. Motion to 'is)iss. B U+on the %ilin, o% n in%o&)tion in cou&t n' !e%o&e &&i,n)ent- the ccuse'
)6 %ile )otion to 'is)iss on the ,&oun' tht the c&i)inl ction is SLAPP.
Section *. Su))&6 he&in,. B The he&in, on the 'e%ense o% SLAPP shll !e su))&6 in ntu&e. The +&ties
)ust su!)it ll the (il!le e(i'ence in su++o&t o% thei& &es+ecti(e +ositions. The +&t6 see"in, the 'is)issl
o% the cse )ust +&o(e !6 su!stntil e(i'ence tht his cts %o& the en%o&ce)ent o% en(i&on)entl l# is
le,iti)te ction %o& the +&otection- +&ese&(tion n' &eh!ilittion o% the en(i&on)ent. The +&t6 %ilin, the
ction ssile' s SLAPP shll +&o(e !6 +&e+on'e&nce o% e(i'ence tht the ction is not SLAPP.
Section 1. Resolution. B The cou&t shll ,&nt the )otion i% the ccuse' est!lishes in the su))&6 he&in, tht
the c&i)inl cse hs !een %ile' #ith intent to h&ss- (e?- e?e&t un'ue +&essu&e o& sti%le n6 le,l &ecou&se tht
n6 +e&son- institution o& the ,o(e&n)ent hs t"en o& )6 t"e in the en%o&ce)ent o% en(i&on)entl l#s-
+&otection o% the en(i&on)ent o& sse&tion o% en(i&on)entl &i,hts.
I% the cou&t 'enies the )otion- the cou&t shll i))e'itel6 +&ocee' #ith the &&i,n)ent o% the ccuse'.
PART V
EVIDENCE
RULE *5
PRECAUTIONARI PRINCIPLE
Section 1. A++lic!ilit6. B :hen the&e is lc" o% %ull scienti%ic ce&tint6 in est!lishin, cusl lin" !et#een
hu)n cti(it6 n' en(i&on)entl e%%ect- the cou&t shll ++l6 the +&ecution&6 +&inci+le in &esol(in, the cse
!e%o&e it.
The constitutionl &i,ht o% the +eo+le to !lnce' n' helth%ul ecolo,6 shll !e ,i(en the !ene%it o% the
'ou!t.
Section *. Stn'&'s %o& ++liction. B In ++l6in, the +&ecution&6 +&inci+le- the %ollo#in, %cto&s- )on,
othe&s- )6 !e consi'e&e'. /10 th&ets to hu)n li%e o& helth4 /*0 ineCuit6 to +&esent o& %utu&e ,ene&tions4 o&
/10 +&e=u'ice to the en(i&on)ent #ithout le,l consi'e&tion o% the en(i&on)entl &i,hts o% those %%ecte'.
RULE *1
DOCUMENTARI EVIDENCE
Section 1. Photo,&+hic- (i'eo n' si)il& e(i'ence. B Photo,&+hs- (i'eos n' si)il& e(i'ence o% e(ents- cts-
t&nsctions o% #il'li%e- #il'li%e !6B+&o'ucts o& 'e&i(ti(es- %o&est +&o'ucts o& )ine&l &esou&ces su!=ect o%
cse shll !e ')issi!le #hen uthenticte' !6 the +e&son #ho too" the s)e- !6 so)e othe& +e&son +&esent
#hen si' e(i'ence #s t"en- o& !6 n6 othe& +e&son co)+etent to testi%6 on the ccu&c6 the&eo%.
Section *. Ent&ies in o%%icil &eco&'s. B Ent&ies in o%%icil &eco&'s )'e in the +e&%o&)nce o% his 'ut6 !6
+u!lic o%%ice& o% the Phili++ines- o& !6 +e&son in +e&%o&)nce o% 'ut6 s+ecill6 en=oine' !6 l#- &e +&i)
%cie e(i'ence o% the %cts the&ein stte'.
RULE **
FINAL PROVISIONS
Section 1. E%%ecti(it6. B These Rules shll t"e e%%ect #ithin %i%teen /120 '6s %ollo#in, +u!liction once in
ne#s++e& o% ,ene&l ci&cultion.
Section *. A++liction o% the Rules o% Cou&t. B The Rules o% Cou&t shll ++l6 in su++leto&6 )nne&- e?ce+t s
othe&#ise +&o(i'e' he&ein.