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Identifying the Syntax of

the Greek Participle


Daniel J. Pfeifer
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes No
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Attributive Substantival
Periphrastic
Construction
Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
Yes No Yes No
Yes No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Is the
participle in adj
position with a
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes No
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Attributive Substantival
Periphrastic
Construction
Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Yes No Yes No
Yes No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Attributive
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
Is the
participle in adj
position with a
noun?
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Attributive
Yes
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Attributive
Translation
Examples: (note relative time)
. . .
The man who is speaking to the crowd is . . .
. . .
The man who spoke to the crowd is . . .
. . .
The man who was speaking to the crowd was . . .
. . .
The man who had spoken to the crowd was . . .
Adjectival Position
Adj-1: Art-Adj-N
Adj-2: Art-N-Art-Adj
Adj-3: N-Art-Adj (This
is common with ptcps)


Is the
participle in adj
position with a
noun?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes No
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Attributive Substantival
Periphrastic
Construction
Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Yes No Yes No
Yes No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Substantival
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
Is the
participle in adj
position with a
noun?
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Substantival
No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Substantival
Translation
Examples: (note relative time)
. . .
The one who is speaking to the crowd is . . .
. . .
The man who spoke to the crowd is . . .
. . .
The one who was speaking to the crowd was . . .
. . .
The one who had spoken to the crowd was . . .
Is the
participle in adj
position with a
noun?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes No
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Attributive Substantival
Periphrastic
Construction
Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Yes No Yes No
Yes No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
Is the
participle in adj
position with a
noun?
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
No
Genitive
Absolute
Yes
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Translation
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Examples:
. . . (Mark 14:43)
And immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas came.
. . .
And immediately, after he spoke, Judas came.
. . .
And when he had spoken, Judas came.
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes No
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Attributive Substantival
Periphrastic
Construction
Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Yes No Yes No
Yes No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Does the
participle agree
with a noun?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Periphrastic
Construction
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
No
Periphrastic
Construction
No
Yes
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Periphrastic
Construction
Translation
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
periphrastic tense construction
Present present of + present participle
Imperfect imperfect of + present participle
Future future of + present participle
Perfect present of + perfect participle
Pluperfect imperfect of + perfect participle
Future Perfect future of + perfect participle
Examples:
. . . you are speaking
. . . you were speaking
. . . you will be speaking
. . . you have been speaking
. . . you had been speaking
. . . you will have been speaking
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
Yes No
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Attributive Substantival
Periphrastic
Construction
Adverbial
Genitive
Absolute
Yes No Yes No
Yes No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Does the
participle agree
with a noun?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Adverbial
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?
Identify the
participle
Parse the
participle
No
Adverbial
No
No
Does the
participle have
an article?
Attributive Substantival
Genitive
Absolute
Periphrastic
Construction Adverbial
Adverbial
Translation
Inspect the nouns
near the participle
Inspect the verbs
near the participle
main verb present participle aorist participle
Future "While" + future continuous
will be eating
"After" + present
eating
Present "While" + present continuous
is eating
"After" + simple past
eating
Imperfect "While" + past continuous
was eating
"After" + past perfect
had eaten
Aorist "While" + past continuous
was eating
"After" + past perfect
had eaten
Perfect "While" + perfect continuous
have been eating
"After" + past perfect
had eaten
Examples:
.
He goes while he is praying.
.
He went while he was praying.
.
He goes after he prayed.
.
He went after he prayed.
Is the participle
genitive, working
with a genitive
noun?
Is the participle
working with
indicative form of
?