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CMG Business CMG Business


Intellectual Property Software Development
Reservoir Simulation
4D visualization
Consulting, Support, Training, R&D
CMG Business CMG Business
30%
Conventional
Oil
30%
Oilsands and
Bitumen
25%
Extraheavy
Oil
15%
Heavy Oil
70% of the worlds oil
reserves are
unconventional
sources
This is CMGs
SPECIALTY
Total World Oil Reserves
(% of total reserves)
Our Specialization Our Specialization
Thermal Processes Thermal Processes
Combustion (THAI)
Cyclic steam
injection
SAGD
Electrical Heating
VAPEX
Thermal
Continuous steam injection
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Known for our superior Physics Known for our superior Physics
Leader in the EOR advanced simulation processes market (+95%)
Our Specialization Our Specialization
Chemical Processes Chemical Processes
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Foam
Injection
Low salinity
water injection
ASP
Gel injection
CO2 injection
with Asphaltene
Precipitation & Plugging
Known for our superior Physics Known for our superior Physics
Leader in the EOR advanced simulation processes market (+95%)
Our Specialization Our Specialization
Enhanced Recovery in
Unconventional Reservoirs
Enhanced Recovery in
Unconventional Reservoirs
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CO
2
CBM / ECBM
Shale
Gas/Oil
Tight Gas
Microseismic
Data Imported
to simulator
VAPEX
Known for our superior Physics Known for our superior Physics
Leader in the EOR advanced simulation processes market (+95%)
IMEX Black Oil simulator
GEM EOS compositional and
geomechanical simulator
STARS K-value compositional, thermal,
chemical and geomechanical
simulator
Reservoir Simulators
Phase Behavior
WINPROP
Pre / Post Processors
BUILDER
RESULTS 3D
RESULTS GRAPH
RESULTS REPORT
Project Manager
Model Conversion
ECL 100 IMPORT ASSISTANT
CMG Software CMG Software
LAUNCHER
History Match, Optimization,
Sensitivity & Uncertainty assesment
CMOST
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Known for our superior Physics Known for our superior Physics
Leader in the EOR advanced simulation processes market (+95%)
Some of the physical phenomena we can model Some of the physical phenomena we can model
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Used to model changes in phase viscosity
when a key component is added (e.g. polymer)
Used to model non-Newtonian behavior of
injected fluids
shear thinning
shear thickening
combined model
tabular input model
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Some of the physical phenomena we can model Some of the physical phenomena we can model
Some of the physical phenomena we can model Some of the physical phenomena we can model
Compaction/Rebound
Subsidence
Dilation /Recompaction
Elastic/Plastic Deformation
2D and 3D geomechanical formulation
Stress effects on Porosity & Permeability
Geomechanics in Naturally Fractures models
Geomechanical grid independent of flow grid
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Some of the physical phenomena we can model Some of the physical phenomena we can model
Gels
Foam
Microbes
Foamy Oil
In Situ Combustion
High temperature oxidation
Low temperature oxidation
Fine Migration
In situ upgrading
Wax and asphaltene precipitation
STARS allows modelling of first
order, rate-dependent reaction
kinetics for recovery processes that
involve reactions between
components in fluids (i.e. reservoir
and injected) and in the formation
(i.e. clays and other minerals).
Reaction rates can depend on tem
perature, component concentration,
permeability and velocity.
Examples include insitu-combustion,
cEOR, in-situ foam generation,
degradation & regeneration,
emulsions, solids, etc.
Asphaltenes precipitation
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Some of the physical phenomena we can model Some of the physical phenomena we can model
Krg = 0.01
Krg = 1.00
X
Gas
Total = X
w
en fase gaseosa + X
Soln-Gas
en fase gaseosa
Used to represent Wettability and
Residual Oil Saturation variation with
phase composition
Interpolation can be a function of
component concentration, capillary
number and/or interfacial tension.
pH changes
Miscible fluids
Flux velocities ()
Composition changes
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Some of the physical phenomena we can model Some of the physical phenomena we can model
Ty = 100 F
T = 617 F
Ty = 100 F
T = 617 F
Swirr
T
> Swirr
Ty
Sorw
T
< Sorw
Ty
Krwiro
T
> Krwiro
Ty
Sorg
T
< Sorg
Ty
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Some of the physical phenomena we can model Some of the physical phenomena we can model
Steam circulation (i.e. SAGD)
Selective dual injection
Hot diluent injection
Tubing Anular
Z
Y
A fully coupled mechanistic model that
calculates the transient segregated flow of
multi-phase fluids and heat within the wellbore
and between the wellbore and the reservoir.
Transient flow calculations
Heat loss to formation
Fluid segregation calculations
Friction pressure losses
Multiple flow regimes
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Advanced Well Modelling Features Advanced Well Modelling Features
Extends Discretized Well model features to
wells with up to 3 concentric tubing strings
inside the wellbore plus allows for undulating
wells that connect with more than one reservoir
layer.
Transient flow calculations
Heat loss to formation
Fluid segregation calculations
Friction pressure losses
Multiple flow regimes
also models Flow Control Devices
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Tubing 1
Tubing 2
Annular
WHOC 2009-308
Advanced Well Modelling Features Advanced Well Modelling Features
Used to specify actions that will be
implemented when a condition is achieved
during the simulation forecast period.
Can be applied to:
wells, groups, layers, sectors, field, etc.
Conditions [ > or < ]
Rate, pressure, concentration, saturation, etc.
Actions
shut-in, voidage replacement, drilling/workovers, etc.
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Advanced Well Modelling Features Advanced Well Modelling Features
The objective is to reduce the simulation
run time significantly without reducing the
calculation accuracy
Shared Memory
Any model can be parallelized regardless the
grid complexity and well configuration or
location
Multimillion cell models
Excellent Speedups
Efficient domain manipulation
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Advanced Simulator Performance Features Advanced Simulator Performance Features
Steam Flood
SAGD
Simulator changes the block size automatically
based on rate of change of key parameters as
specified by simulation engineer.
Processes where small cells are required
Use small cells where needed and big cells elsewhere
Dynamic change based on:
Temperature, Saturation
Global Mole Fraction
Phase Mole Fraction (o, g, w)
Fluid Enthalpy
Pressure
Effective when an interface is present
Combustion: speed up 5-7
SAGD: speed up 2-5
VAPEX: speed up 2-4
Water Flood: speed up 2-4
ASP
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Advanced Simulator Peformance Features Advanced Simulator Peformance Features
4.52
2.22
1.27
0.61
4.32
2.16
2.12
1.04
3.29
1.62
2.33
1.17
3.90
1.95
0.64
0.35
Serial Dynagrid Parallel Paradyn
Hardware and DynamicGridding
4 CPU1.65GHz POWE5 !"# 4 CPU2.4 GH$ O%&er'n (in)*
2 CPU3.6 GHz #e'n+E,64-. Win/64 16 CPU1.9GHz POWE5 !"#
SAGD: 3.6 Increase with Parallel
x 3.6 Increase with Dynagrid
12.9 Increase with Paradyne
Powerful combination of parallel
processing and Dynagrid features that
multiplies the simulation time speedup
effect!
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Advanced Simulator Peformance Features Advanced Simulator Peformance Features
CMG is the leading company offering reservoir simulation technology
for enhanced recovery and unconventional reservoir markets
CMG technology combines all the critical EOR physics with robust
numerical performace, and as a result has been selected as the
simulator of choice for more than 95% for projects of this kind.
CMG is the market leader in providing technologies that help the
reservoir engineer with his/her EOR or Unconventional Reservoir
Simulation projects, including Parallel Processing, Dynamic gridding,
Coupled Geomechanics and Robust History-matcing and Optimzation.
CMG technology can model highly complexity reservoirs and EOR
processes that require more capabilities than available in much simpler
black oil or compositional simulators.
Conclusions Conclusions
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