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Centre Number

Student Number
SCEGGS Darlinghurst
2004
Higher School Certificate
Trial Examination
Biology
This is a TRIAL PAPER only and does not necessarily reflect the content or
format of the Higher School Certificate Examination for this su!ect"
General Instructions
Reading time 5 minutes
Working time 3 hours
Write using black or blue pen
Draw diagrams using pencil
Board-approed calculators ma! be
used
Write !our Centre Number and
Student number at the top o" the
pages indicated
Total marks 100
#ages $ - %&
72 marks
'his section has two parts( #art ) and #art B
#art ) %5 marks
)ttempt *uestions % %5
)llow about 3+ minutes "or this section
#art B 5, marks
)ttempt *uestions %& $,
)llow about % hour and -+ minutes "or this part
#ages %. - %/
28 marks
)ttempt *uestions $.
0igher School Certi"icate 'rial 12amination $++3
-
Biolog!
Section I
Section II
)llow about 5+ minutes "or this
section
0igher School Certi"icate 'rial 12amination $++3
-
Biolog!
BLANK PAGE
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '
(iology
Section I
Total marks 72
Part A
1 marks
Attem!t "uestions 1#1
Allo$ a%out &0 minutes 'or t(is !art
3se the 4ultiple Choice )nswer Sheet proided
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1* ) student in a science laborator! bubbles carbon dio2ide into a beaker containing water5
Which o" the "ollowing describes how this would a""ect p06
7)8 'here would be no a""ect on p05
7B8 9t would cause the p0 to reach :ero5
7C8 9t would raise p05
7D8 9t would lower p05
2* 4ammals e2crete mainl! urea while insects and birds e2crete mainl! uric acid5
What adantage do birds and insects gain b! e2creting uric acid6
7)8 ;ess energ! is lost producing uric acid5
7B8 ;ess water is lost e2creting uric acid5
7C8 3ric acid is more soluble in water5
7D8 3ric acid also rids the bod! o" salts5
&* Which o" the "ollowing e2amples describe a correct "eedback process in an endotherm6
7)8 9ncrease temperature thermoreceptor h!pothalamus asodilation heat loss
7B8 Decrease o" temperature h!pothalamusasodilationheat gainthermoreceptor
7C8 9ncrease temperature h!pothalamusthermoreceptor asodilation
h!pothalamus heat loss
7D8 9ncrease temperature thermoreceptor asodilation h!pothalamus heat loss
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age #
(iology
+* What determines i" an allele is dominant or recessie6
7)8 0ow common it is in a population5
7B8 Which chromosome it is carried on5
7C8 Whether it is inherited "rom the mother or "ather
7D8 Whether it determines the phenot!pe( when both alleles are present5
* <orensic science can be used these da!s to identi"! suspects using the uni=ue genetic code
held in their DN)5 Which o" the "ollowing suspects would be the one wanted b! police i" the
onl! eidence the! had was the "ollowing strand o" mRN)6
GGAA,--,A-
7)8 Suspect % > DN) strand - CC''?))?')
7B8 Suspect $ > DN) strand - ??))C33C)3
7C8 Suspect 3 > DN) strand - ''))?''?)'
7D8 Suspect - > DN) strand - ??))C''C)'
.* 'he diagram below shows the "orelimbs o" seeral di""erent ertebrates5
9denti"! the "orm o" eidence "or eolution shown in the aboe diagram5
7)8 1idence "rom palaeontolog!5
7B8 1idence "rom transitional "orms in limbs o" ertebrates5
7C8 1idence "rom comparatie embr!olog!5
7D8 1idence "rom homologous structures5
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age )
(iology
7* Which o" the "ollowing statements most accuratel! describes Beadle and 'atum@s Aone
gene one en:!meB h!pothesis5
7)8 'here is onl! one t!pe o" gene in cells that codes "or en:!mes5
7B8 'here e2ists a one-to-one relationship between gene and the en:!me produced b! that
gene5
7C8 1n:!mes onl! act when stimulated b! their corresponding gene5
7D8 9" a gene is changed b! radiation( the en:!me produced b! that gene can still be produced5
85 9n the process below( what t!pe o" cell is ?6
7)8 ?amete
7B8 C!gote
7C8 Diploid
7D8 0omologous
/* ) researcher inestigating ear length in natie animals used the "ollowing s!mbols>
E represents the allele "or dominant short earD e represents the allele "or recessie long ear5
Which o" the "ollowing represent animals with di""erent genot!pes but the same phenot!pe6
7)8 11 and ee
7B8 11 and 1e
7C8 1e and ee
7D8 1e and 1e
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age %
(iology
10* 'he graph shows changes in the incidence o" deaths "rom lung cancer and changes in
cigarette sales5
Which is the best conclusion to draw "rom this graph6
7)8 #eople with lung cancer are more likel! to smoke5
7B8 Cigarette smoking causes lung cancer5
7C8 'here is a relationship between cigarette smoking and lung cancer5
7D8 ;ung cancer deaths did not start until %/3+( so there is no connection between smoking
and lung cancer5
11* )n in"ectie agent known as a prion can cause brain disease( including spongi"orm
encephalopath! in humans5 Which o" the "ollowing is true o" prions6
7)8 'he! are "ound in all cells in the bod!5
7B8 'he! are destro!ed b! some procedures that destro! proteins5
7C8 'he! are a group o" iruses5
7D8 'he! cause disease er! =uickl!5
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age *
(iology
12* 'he diagram shows a culture o" Escherichia coli isolated "rom water in a creek5 E. coli is a
bacterium commonl! "ound in the human gut5
What is the best wa! to ensure that the water in the creek remains clean enough to drink6
7)8 <ilter the water through sand to remoe pathogens5
7B8 Remoe the source o" sewage pollution5
7C8 Rapidl! heat the water to ,5C and cool it =uickl!5
7D8 )llow the water to stand and add "luoride5
1&* 9denti"! ;ouis #asteur@s main contribution to our understanding o" disease5
7)8 'he discoer! that micro-organisms are able to generate spontaneousl!5
7B8 'he discoer! o" antibiotics to control bacterial growth5
7C8 'he deelopment o" accinations "or man! diseases5
7D8 'he realisation that microbes were responsible "or in"ectious disease5
1+5 9denti"! the best description "or a pathogen "rom the statements gien below5
7)8 'he isible e""ects o" a disease5
7B8 'he means b! which a disease is contracted5
7C8 'he area o" the bod! that is most a""ected b! disease5
7D8 )n organism capable o" causing disease5
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age +
(iology
1* What is the di""erence between a ariable and a control in a Biolog! e2periment6
7)8 ) ariable can change in an e2periment and a control is used to ensure that it doesn@t
change too much5
7B8 ) ariable is a "actor that could change the results o" an inestigation whereas a control is
a standard against which e2perimental results can be compared5
7C8 ) ariable is alwa!s changing whereas a control alwa!s sta!s the same5
7D8 ) ariable must alwa!s be kept constant whereas a control will change depending on the
e2periment5
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age ,
(iology
200+ T0IAL 1IG1E0 S,122L ,E0TI3I,ATE E4A5INATI2N
Biology
Centre Number
Section I 6continue78
Part B 7 marks Student Number
Attem!t "uestion 1.27
Allo$ a%out 1 (our an7 + minutes 'or t(is !art
)nswer the =uestions in the spaces proided5
5arks
"uestion 1. 7, marks8
7a8 Compare the structure o" arteries( eins and capillaries in relation to their "unction.
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7b8 Describe a technolog! that could be used to measure o2!gen saturation FR carbon
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2
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age -
(iology
5arks
"uestion 17 7- marks8
Describe how !ou carried out an e2periment to test the e""ect o" temperature on the actiit! +
o" a N)41D en:!me5
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"uestion 18 7$ marks8
Describe an e2ample that demonstrates the e""ect o" enironment on phenot!pe 2
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age .
(iology
5arks
"uestion 1/ 73 marks8
12plain how radiation ma! lead to the creation o" new alleles5
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"uestion 20 7, marks8
7a8 Futline the processes used to produce a N)41D transgenic species5
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '$
(iology
5arks
*uestion $+ 7continued8
7b8 )ssume !ou hae been asked to participate in a debate on the ethical issues arising +
"rom the deelopment and use o" transgenic species5
Futline 'WF arguments that !ou would e2pect to be raised b! 1)C0 side in this debate5
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age ''
(iology
"uestion 21 7& marks8 5arks
Sutton( Boeri and 4organ inestigated the roles o" chromosome structure in inheritance5 .
B! re"erring to the research carried out b! each o" the aboe scientists( Gusti"! their
importance in proiding eidence o" the role o" chromosomes in inheritance5
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '#
(iology
"uestion 22 75 marks8 5arks
'he diagram below is a pedigree "or albinism in humans5 )lbinism can be an! one o" a number o"
genetic conditions that cause lack o" pigment in the e!es( skin and hair o" su""erers5
1 2
I
15 2 & + . 7 8 / 10 11
II

III 1 2 & + . 7 8 / 10 11 12
7a8 9s the allele responsible "or albinism dominant or recessie6 Husti"! !our answer 2
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age ')
(iology
"uestion 2& 73 marks8 5arks
Futline how the "ailure o" genes to "unction correctl! ma! result in disease5 &
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"uestion 2+ 75 marks8
Discuss the role o" =uarantine in )ustralia5 9nclude releant e2amples in !our answer5
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '%
(iology
"uestion 2 73 marks8 5arks
<or a named non-in"ectious disease( identi"! its cause( s!mptoms and treatmentImanagement5 &
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"uestion 2. 7- marks8
Discuss the relationship between our understanding o" the cause o" malaria and +
its preention5
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '*
(iology
"uestion 27 7. marks8 5arks
4edical doctors need to be kept up to date with current knowledge and understanding 8
about in"ectious diseases5 Jnowledge has enabled doctors to deal with disease using
di""erent methods5
3sing in"ormation that !ou hae gathered( processed and anal!sed( present a detailed
description o" FN1 named in"ectious disease including how methods o" dealing with
this disease ma! hae changed5
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '+
(iology
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Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age ',
(iology
BLANK PAGE
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '-
(iology
200+ T0IAL 1IG1E0 S,122L ,E0TI3I,ATE E4A5INATI2N
Biology
Centre Number
Section II
28 marks Student Number
Attem!t "uestion 28 ,ommunication
Allo$ a%out 0 minutes 'or t(is section
)nswer the =uestion on the pad paper proided5
3se the graph paper proided separatel! to answer *uestion 7"8 7i8 in this option5
"uestion 28 ,ommunication 7$. marks8
5arks
7a8 7i8 Name 'WF parts o" the e!e and brie"l! describe the "unction o" each part !ou name5 2
7ii8 9denti"! the conditions under which re"raction o" light occurs5 2
7iii8 9denti"! the re"ractie media in the e!e5 2
7b8 'he table below shows di""erent waelengths o" the electromagnetic spectrum and their
respectie colour that can be identi"ied b! the human e!e5
,2L2-0 :A;ELENGT1 6nm8
Kiolet -$+
Blue -,+
?reen 53+
Lellow 5.+
Frange &$+
Red ,++
Compare the colour ision o" a named insect with that o" a human5 &
7c8 12plain how depth perception can be achieed5 2
7d8 7i8 Compare the nature and "unctioning o" photoreceptor cells in mammals and insects5 +
7ii8 Futline the role o" rhodopsin in rod cells5 2
7e8 'he <red 0ollows <oundation works with blindness preention agencies in more than $/
countries to establish the mechanisms to treat and preent aoidable blindness5
Describe a technolog! that could be used to preent blindness resulting "rom cataracts 7
and discuss the implication o" this technolog! "or societ!5 Compare this technolog! to
technologies that would be used to correct m!opia and h!peropia5
5arks
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age '.
(iology
7"8 'he data in the table gies the relatie amount o" light absorbed b! an indiidual
human cone at di""erent waelengths o" light5
:a<elen9t( o' li9(t 6nm8 A%sor%ance o' li9(t
6ar%itrar= units8
-&+ $+
-.+ 5+
5++ /+
5$+ %++
5-+ /5
5&+ 55
&++ %+
7i8 ?raph the data on the graph paper proided5 &
7ii8 What waelength o" light is this cone most sensitie to6 1
En7 o' !a!er
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age #$
(iology
Centre Number Student Number
BI2L2G> 5-LTIPLE ,12I,E ANS:E0 S1EET
Select the alternatie )( B( C or D that best answers the =uestion5 <ill in the response oal completel!5
Sam!le? $ M - N 7)8 $ 7B8 & 7C8 . 7D8 /
) B C D
9" !ou think !ou hae made a mistake( put a cross through the incorrect answer and "ill in the new answer5
) B C D
9" !ou change !our mind and hae crossed out what !ou consider to be the correct answer( then indicate the
correct answer b! writing the word correct and drawing an arrow as "ollows5
correct
) B C D
1* ) B C D
2* ) B C D
&* ) B C D
+* ) B C D
* ) B C D
.* ) B C D
7* ) B C D
8* ) B C D
/* ) B C D
10* ) B C D
11* ) B C D
12* ) B C D
1&* ) B C D
1+* ) B C D
1* ) B C D
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age #'
(iology
BLANK PAGE
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age ##
(iology
Centre Number Student Number
Biolo9= Section II
'his sheet o" 5mm graph paper is re=uired "or students to answer =uestion 7d8 7i8 in each Fption5
0)ND 3# W9'0 LF3R )NSW1R BFFJ;1' <FR LF3R F#'9FN5
Higher School Certificate Trial Examination #$$% &age #)
(iology