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CongresoInternacional

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InternationalCongress
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUTIONS,RELATIONS,
NETWORKS.PastandfutureoftheSociologyofLaw
Updatedactualizado28/04/2014
ListofAbstracts
(alphabeticallyordered)
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IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
E-Mail: malen@iisj.es
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-1-
AdrianaRomeroBeltrnadrianita@hotmail.com
La facultad investigadora de la Comisin Nacional de los Derechos Humanos en Mxico: Caso
Ayotzinapa
En Mxico en 2011 los derechos humanos se elevaron a rango constitucional; el establecimiento del
principio pro persona obliga a las instituciones pblicas a realizar un anlisis de las normas que ms
favorezcan a los individuos y acceder eficazmente a rganos jurisdiccionales observando lo dispuesto
en el ordenamiento interno y tratados internacionales. La reforma constitucional atiende a la
globalizacindelosderechoshumanosentendidoscomoinherentesalapersonahumana,nielEstado
niningngruposociallospuedearrebatar.NocomoconcesionesdelEstado,conpertenenciaatodos
msalldelanacionalidad,lareligin,lacultura,laclase,elestatussocial,larazaolacondicinsexual.
La facultad investigadora de violaciones graves de derechos humanos se considera como un
instrumento de control constitucional; sin embargo, del resultado de la investigacin slo resulta una
opininautorizadasinvinculacinpenalparalasautoridadesqueresultenresponsablesdeviolaciones
graves.

AlbertoFebbrajoalberto.febbrajo@unimc.it
TowardsaReflexiveLegalCulture
Consideringitscrucialrole,theconceptoflegalcultureisfoundtobethepointtowhichallthemore
significant methodological and theoretical proposals launched by sociology of law refer, directly or
indirectly, as their benchmark. In the course of the discipline's history, attempts have been made to
identifywhatimagesoflawlegalculturessucceedinelaboratingindifferentsocialframeworksandto
neutralise any deformations of law that a circulation of images of such a kind may contribute to
disseminating. To avoid running the risk of oversimplification, it seems to be advisable to further
articulate the frequent distinction between internal and external legal culture, and to take separately
intoconsiderationthesocialrolesthatareconsideredasbearersoflegalculture,theobjectthatthey
selectandthecriteriaofinterpretationusedinindividualconcretecases.Thesethreevariableswillbe
studied,soastoestablishaschematicoutlineofdifferentwaysofunderstandingtheconceptoflegal
culture that are not necessarily alternatives but tend to complement one another. For this purpose,
attention will be focused on the decisive contribution that Max Weber succeeded in making to this
concept'suseinthefieldofsociolegalstudies.

AlbertoFebbrajoalberto.febbrajo@unimc.it
Constitutivefunctionsofconstitutions
Ifweleavethepyramidperspectiveandtackletheissueoftheconstitutioninawaythatisnotcentred
onthestate,butpluralist,thentheconstitutioncanbeconstruedasthemostabstractsystemthatina
modernsocietyconstitutesandregulatessocialgames.Inthiscontext,itfulfilsthetasksof:a)defining
the limits to be complied with in order to avoid abandoning the game of law; b) establishing the
variousactorplayersinordertobringthemintothegameoflaw;c)clarifyingthemarginsofvariability
permittedinthegameoflaw.
These three tasks are three moments in the constitutions relationship with the different cultures
presentinsociety,arelationshipthatisonethattends,insystemicterms,towardscoevolution.Thelaw
that emerges from this framework is based on the intersection between various communication
channelsthat are reciprocally compatible at the intersystemic level and are construed as instruments
ofstructuralcouplingthatlinkpolitics,law,andeconomics.

AlbertoFebbrajoalberto.febbrajo@unimc.it
PANELMirrorsandNorms.TowardsaReflexiveApproachtoLegalCultures
Theconceptoflegalculturecannolongerberestrictedtonationalorsystemicboundariesbutappears
more and more the result of the intersection of different cultural sources with intersystemic and /or
transnationalscope.Thereforelegalculturesarereflectingnowadaysacombinationofreligiousvalues,
economicinterests,politicalidealsconnectedbyglobalizedcommunicativechannels.Theabsenceofa
generalizedhierarchyoftheseculturalsourcesisreplacedbytheircircularreflexivitywhichrequiresa
newapproachtoasociolegalanalysisoflegalcultures.

CongresoInternacional
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUCIONES,RELACIONESY
REDES.ElpasadoyelfuturodelaSociologaJurdica

InternationalCongress
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUTIONS,RELATIONS,
NETWORKS.PastandfutureoftheSociologyofLaw
Updatedactualizado28/04/2014
ListofAbstracts
(alphabeticallyordered)
ListadodeAbstracts
(ordenadoalfabticamente)

IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
E-Mail: malen@iisj.es
http://www.iisj.es
http://www.facebook.com/IISJ Onati
Twitter #IISJ Workshops #Workshop @MalenIISJ #IISJ Onati25anniversary
-2-
AlejandraricaMontaajoserica@cpenet.com.ar
La prctica de Ligadura Tubaria como Anticoncepcin definitiva: tensiones en el acceso a los
DerechosSexualesyReproductivos
Con este trabajo nos interesa reflejar los nudos de tensin que viven las mujeres de sectores
empobrecidos en el ejercicio de sus derechos sexuales y reproductivos; al momento de solicitar la
ligaduratubariacomomediodeanticoncepcindefinitivita.
LaProvinciadeLaPampa,cuentadesdeelao2004conlegislacinpropia(Ley2079)sobrepracticarla
ligadura tubaria en los hospitales pblicos; mientras que en la Argentina la ley Nacional 26130 se
sancionaenelao2006.
La lucha del movimiento feminista local, realiz durante varios aos un fuerte trabajo poltico de
incidencia,paravisibilizarlademandaqueplanteabanlasmujeresparaaccederalaligadura.Desdela
sancin de ley provincial, su aplicacin transit por diferentes estadios, sin embargo en los ltimos
aos, se estn presentados dificultades en su implementacin que se comportan como obstculos,
reflejandoladesigualdadqueelEstadoestllevandoadelanteenlaaplicacindeunapolticapblica,
porloquelaaccesibilidadalaprcticanoestentrelasprioridadesdelsistemadesalud.Lasmujeres
vivendiferentessituacionespersonales,familiares,sociales,asistencialesporlasquebuscanaccedera
laanticoncepcindefinitivaynosonescuchadas.Atravsdesusrelatosconoceremossusexperiencias
frenteaunarealidaddeinequidaddegnero.
Seutilizarunametodologacualitativaconentrevistasamujeresdediferentesedades.Estetrabajose
enmarca en el proyecto de investigacin: Relaciones de gnero, polticas pblicas y trabajo en La
Pampacontempornea.Impactosenlaidentidadciudadana.

AlejandraGermnDoldnmagerman@ubu.es
IgualdadyFeminismo:suinterpretacinalaluzdelajurisprudenciadelTribunalConstitucional
DesdequeseconsagraraelderechoalaigualdadenlaConstitucinespaolade1978(art.14),varias
han sido las normas que desarrollan esa igualdad formal con el objetivo de que sea real y efectiva;
especialmentedesdeelao2004enqueseapruebalaleycontralaviolenciadegnero,tresaosms
tarde la ley de igualdad efectiva entre mujeres y hombres y la ley sobre interrupcin voluntaria del
embarazo en el ao 2010. El reconocimiento y desarrollo legal de estos derechos han sido
sistemticamente impugnados por el principal partido de la oposicin ante el principal tribunal de
justiciaespaol,paralocualelTribunalConstitucionalhainterpretadodiferentesconceptosreferidosa
la igualdad entre mujeres y hombres, entre ellos los trminos de feminismo y machismo. La presente
comunicacintienecomoobjetivoanalizarsielcontenidoquedichotribunalhadadoaestostrminos,
coinciden con la construccin terica que nos ensean las investigaciones consolidadas relativas a
sociologadelgnero,oporelcontrarioreproducenideasyconceptospropiosdelasociedadpatriarcal
enlacualseasientan.

AlejandraGonzlezHernndezale.temis@gmail.com
LaEficaciaSimblicaeInstrumentaldelosDerechosHumanosenMxico
El10dejuniodelao2011sereformaelartculoprimerodelaConstitucinMexicanaqueimplica,en
teora,unaseriedeefectosenmateriadederechoshumanos,entreellosseincorporeneltextouna
serie de disposiciones que implican la obligacin del Estado de observar y aplicar las normas de
derechos humanos internacionalmente reconocidos, bajo los principios pro persona e interpretacin
conforme,lo queda una mayorproteccindelosderechoshumanos.Estareformasurge enunclima
deinseguridad,violencia,arbitrariedadyviolacionesalosderechoshumanos,situacinquecontinuay
aumenta despus de la reforma, esta situacin permite confrontar un contexto jurdico y uno social
conelobjetivodeidentificarlostiposdeeficacia. Enlaponenciaquepropongoexpondrlasituacin
vividaenMxicoenlosmomentosenlaqueapareceestareformay,desdeunenfoquedelaSociologa
jurdica, rescatar los aspectos que indican que la produccin legislativa busca no slo la eficacia
instrumental,sinoquelosesfuerzosvandirigidosalogrartambinunaeficaciasimblica.Esteanlisis
permitedimensionarlaimportanciaoelpesodelaeficaciasimblicaenelcontextodeldiscursorecin
inauguradodelosderechoshumanos.

AlejandraSusanaSierraLpezssierra_lopez@hotmail.com
CongresoInternacional
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUCIONES,RELACIONESY
REDES.ElpasadoyelfuturodelaSociologaJurdica

InternationalCongress
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUTIONS,RELATIONS,
NETWORKS.PastandfutureoftheSociologyofLaw
Updatedactualizado28/04/2014
ListofAbstracts
(alphabeticallyordered)
ListadodeAbstracts
(ordenadoalfabticamente)

IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
E-Mail: malen@iisj.es
http://www.iisj.es
http://www.facebook.com/IISJ Onati
Twitter #IISJ Workshops #Workshop @MalenIISJ #IISJ Onati25anniversary
-3-
AccesoalaJusticia,unpuntodevistadelsurgimientodelaautodefensaenMichoacn
Michoacn se encuentra sumido en una ola de violencia sinigual, los homicidios, secuestros,
extorsiones, robo con violencia y delitos de alto impacto social se encuentran a la orden del da. El
gobierno federal usando la poltica de laisserfaire dej crecer el problema con delincuentes que
pasaron del narcotrfico a los delitos de sangre. La autoridad local es incapaz de salvaguardad la
seguridad.Elcrimenorganizadosehalegitimadoporsufuncinsocial,comoloexplicaDiegoGambeta.
Las polticas pblicas deben cambiar en aras de recuperar la confianza en las instituciones, que se
fomente la cohesin y la participacin social en los temas pblicos. Al da de hoy, las autoridades
federales han nombrado un "Comisionado de Seguridad" fuera de la estructura del gobierno. Habr
que seguir de cerca el desempeo de estos y la respuesta de la sociedad y los grupos delincuenciales
organizadosparapoderemitirunjuiciopositivoonegativoalactuardelgobiernofederal.Elentramado
socialsehaidodesgastando,loquecaracterizahoylavidacotidianadelEstado,esnecesarioquesea
un caso de estudio para no permitir que la historia se repita en otros lugares afectando a la sociedad
desdesusentraas.

AleksandraGliszczynskaGrabias/UladzislauBelavusaua.gliszczynska@poczta.onet.pl
ShapingHistoricalMemorywithGenocideDenialLaws
History, memory and national identity are phenomena which are not easily captured by the language
oflaw.Nevertheless,manystateshaveestablishedlawswhichaimatshapingthehistoricalmemoryof
their societies through penalization of genocide denial or penalization of defining particular historical
crimes as genocide. Genocide denial laws can also be motivated politically serve to build unity and
shared identity of the nation. At the same time, in a broader context, laws concerning genocide
committed by former or present generations of a given society should be considered as a proof that
thissocietyisnotreadytofaceitsoftentraumaticpast.Thusitisworthtoanalysetheminthecontext
oftransitionaljusticeprocesses.Themainargumentofourpaperwillbetoshowhowtheuseoflegal
means in case of genocide denial laws can be considered both harmful and necessary. We wish to
discusscaseswhenstatesadoptlegalregulationsthatsanction'reversedmemory'weclaimthatsuch
memory laws should be opposed vehemently. However, should someone advance historically
motivatedhatespeechagainstsocialgroupsbeyondpureinterpretationoffacts,astatemustdispose
anappropriatemarginforlegalintervention.

AlexanderKondakovkondakov@cisr.ru
SexualCitizenshipintheSovietandPostSovietRussia
According to classical (Lenin) and recent (Galkina) theoretical assumptions, the law in a socialist state
must perform a particular function: it changes social norms to ensure transition to communism. This
logicentailedcraftingoflawsthatwouldproducetwotypesofsubjects:theexcludedone(condemned
and criminalized), and the included (regulated in Foucault's terms). However, the life of these laws is
generallyignored:itisassumedthattheyworkinthewaytheyaredesignedto.Inmypaper,Ilookat
theSovietlawsonhomosexualitythroughthesocialtheoryofcitizenshipinordertotakeintoaccount
acomplexandvividrelationsbetweenthelawandothersocialinstitutions(statebureaucracy,public
sphere,resistance).ThisapproachhelpstoreconstructconfigurationsofsexualcitizenshipintheUSSR
duringits70yearshistory.Theanalysisisbasedonsecondarysourcesandexperience,reportedinthe
interviews with Russian homosexuals (collected in 20112013). The outcomes of this analysis are
extrapolated to the current situation with sexual citizenship in Russia, which is claimed to be
characterized by authoritative trends and Soviet legacy. I want to show 'how much Soviet left' in the
Russianstateinstitutionalpracticesaboutregulatinghomosexualitytoday.

AlexandreFleckSoaresBrandobrandao.br@gmail.com /GermanoAndrDoederleinSchwartz
germano.schwartz@globo.com/RenataAlmeidadaCosta
renata.costa@me.com/renatacosta@tj.rs.gov.br
The Political and Law response to Brazil's June Days: An Analysis of the Judicialization and
CriminalizationProcessintheCityofPortoAlegre
The Protests that started in the city of Porto Alegre in 2013 against the raise in the prices of public
transportation spread out all over Brazil. Not only were they massive in participation, but also in the
CongresoInternacional
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUCIONES,RELACIONESY
REDES.ElpasadoyelfuturodelaSociologaJurdica

InternationalCongress
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUTIONS,RELATIONS,
NETWORKS.PastandfutureoftheSociologyofLaw
Updatedactualizado28/04/2014
ListofAbstracts
(alphabeticallyordered)
ListadodeAbstracts
(ordenadoalfabticamente)

IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
E-Mail: malen@iisj.es
http://www.iisj.es
http://www.facebook.com/IISJ Onati
Twitter #IISJ Workshops #Workshop @MalenIISJ #IISJ Onati25anniversary
-4-
amount of state and private violence, especially in Porto Alegre where protesters occupied City
Council.Thisarticleseekstoidentifyhowthepoliticalandlawsystemdealtwiththissocialmovement
byanalyzing theprocessesofprimaryandsecondarycriminalizationinthe cityofPortoAlegreduring
June and the months that followed it. As such, It analyzes new protest regulations as well as the
officialpolicereportregardingtheProtestsintheperspectiveofCriticalCriminology.

AliciaHernndezdeGantealiciahdegante@gmail.com
LosnuevosactoressocialescontestatariosalSistemaJurdicoMexicano
LascondicionesglobaleseconmicasejercenpresinsobrelosEstados,particularmente,paraaqullos
que estn vinculados a los tratados de libre comercio. Mxico, con el riesgo de quedar al margen de
estosprocesos,harealizadounaimportanteseriedereformasensulegislacinparaatraercapitalesy
asegurar mano de obra barata. El sistema jurdico, ha sido particularmente reformado, no solo para
garantizar la seguridad e imparticin de justicia, protegiendo los derechos humanos en su esencia
constitucional,tambinparagenerarexpectativasdeseguridadparalainversindecapitales.stas,y
otras reformas, as como sus nuevas instituciones han estado muy lejos de solucionar parte de los
graves problemas nacionales, como el empobrecimiento social, la delincuencia organizada y la
inseguridad ciudadana. Al amparo de la ley del ms fuerte, los movimientos sociales se criminalizan y
los nuevos actores organizados en policas c omunitarias y en grupos de autodefensa ponen en
entredicho el monopolio del uso de la violencia de Estado disputndose el control de espacios
territoriales desbordados de violencia. Planteado el problema, el objetivo que se persigue en un
anlisiscuidadoso,esdemostrarquesonmovimientosderesistenciaaladominacinantelaevidente
crisiseinoperanciadelsistemajurdicomexicano.

AlineViottoGomesalineviotto86@gmail.com
Legallinksoffinancialandrealestatemarkets:theroleofthestateintheassimilationof"Mortgage
BackedSecurities"inBrazil
Therelationshipbetweenfinancialandrealestatemarkets,ontheforefrontofacademicandpolitical
discussions in the last years, is to a great extent structured by legal instruments. The model forged in
the U.S. in the 1930s, and intensely developed since the 1980s trough mechanisms such as the
Mortgage Backed Securities (MBS), was exported to several countries in the context of neoliberal
reforms.Theassimilationofnewlegaltechnologiesemergedasasolutiontothestate'sinefficiencyto
fund the real estate market. In this paper, I discuss how the structuring and implementation of this
legalmodeltakesplaceinapoliticallyandeconomicallydiversesetting.Iconductedanempiricalcase
studyofthecreationandpracticeofahomologueoftheMBSinBrazil.Thepaper'shypothesisisthat
insteadofsubstitutingwhatneoliberaldiscoursesmaintaintobeaninefficientstate,theBraziliancase
evidencesthatstatecapitalhasacrucialroleinfundingrealestatethroughfinance.Thestudyisbased
on the reconstruction of the regulatory system established in the 1990s, its comparison to the U.S.
model, and on the analysis of who are the investors, and what kinds of real estate investments they
fund.

AlvaroAtilioBonillaConchabonillac.alvaro@gmail.com
DesigualdadSocialyEstadodeDerecho(SocialInequalityandtheRuleofLaw)
DESIGUALDAD SOCIAL Y ESTADO DE DERECHO Alvaro Bonilla Concha M.A. of Sociology of Law Oati
InternationalInstitutefortheSociologyofLawPhdCandidateInternationalPhDProgrammeinLawand
Society "Renato Treves" Univerit degli Studi di Milano En la ponencia se desarrollar una
aproximacin crtica a la nocin polticojurdica de "Estado de Derecho" y como esta cumple un rol
legitimizadorydejustificacindelasdesigualdadessociales,enparticularenelcasodelPer.Laidea
de Estado de Derecho es presentada per se como buena, neutral y necesaria a efectos de alcanzar
desarrollo econmico, por lo cual es asociada con reglas econmicas de libre mercado, tales como la
celebracin de tratados de proteccin de inversiones extranjeras y la apertura del mercado peruano.
Sinembargo,lospromocionadoslogroseconmicosenelPer,luegode20aosnohanalcanzadoala
granpoblacin,mostrndosenicamenteendeterminadosypequeossectoressociales,manteniendo
eincrementandoelestadodedesigualdadsocialyeconmica.Deigualmanera,elEstadodeDerecho
se presenta como el mayor obstculo a efectos de cambiar la situacin de desigualdad social y
CongresoInternacional
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUCIONES,RELACIONESY
REDES.ElpasadoyelfuturodelaSociologaJurdica

InternationalCongress
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUTIONS,RELATIONS,
NETWORKS.PastandfutureoftheSociologyofLaw
Updatedactualizado28/04/2014
ListofAbstracts
(alphabeticallyordered)
ListadodeAbstracts
(ordenadoalfabticamente)

IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
E-Mail: malen@iisj.es
http://www.iisj.es
http://www.facebook.com/IISJ Onati
Twitter #IISJ Workshops #Workshop @MalenIISJ #IISJ Onati25anniversary
-5-
econmica.Finalmente,sepresentaralAnlisisEconmicodelDerechocomounateorajurdicaque
brindasoportealEstadodeDerecho.

AnaLuciaPastoreSchritzmeyeralps@usp.br
TribunalesdejuradosenBrasilyFrancia:unestudiocomparativodeantropologadelderecho
Uno de los aspectos ms contrastantes entre los tribunales de jurados en Brasil y en Francia es el
imperiodelaincomunicacinentrejuradosenBrasil:unaveziniciadalasesindeljuicio,losjuradosse
quedan en rgimen de incomunicacin en la corte, incluso entre ellos. En ningn momento pueden
hablardel caso,tomandosusdecisionesdeformaindividualy en secreto. En Francia,alosjuradosse
les permite abandonar el foro, durante los descansos y despus del final de cada jornada de trabajo,
ocasiones en que pueden charlar libremente sobre el caso. Adems, antes de la sentencia, ellos
pueden discutir sus opiniones en lo referente a la culpa y con respecto a la posible sancin a aplicar.
Otro aspecto comparativo y contrastante es la composicin de la corte que, en Brasil, tiene siete
juradoslaicos,mientrasqueenFranciasetratadeuntribunal mixto,compuestoporseislaicosytres
magistrados,losnueveconderechoavozyvotodurantelasdiscusionesdeliberativas.Comojuecesy
profesionales del derecho en Brasil y en Francia, perciben estas situaciones? Estas son algunas de las
preguntasquetengolaintencindeponerendiscusin.

AnaPaulaMottaCostaanapaulamottacosta@gmail.com
Loslmitesparaelreconocimientodelosadolescentesysuscontextosculturalesyjurdicos
Reconocerelsujetoinsucontextoesdarlavisibilidadasupersonalidadymanifestacindeidentidad.
Se materializa tras la indiferencia a las diferencias sociales que impiden la igualdad de condiciones de
identificacin.Laluchaporlajusticiayelreconocimientonoesunproblemaindividual,escolectivoy
de la sociedad. En el caso de los adolescentes, los lmites de reconocimiento se pueden observar en
diferentes dimensiones. Sobresale: la etapa de la vida con sus propias caractersticas socioculturales,
las difciles condiciones econmicas, la perspectiva legal y cultural, as como los lmites del Estado, en
ausenciadelaefectividaddederechos.Larealidadserevelaenlascifrasdemortalidaddestapoblacin
en los ltimos aos en Brasil. Los jvenes de los 15 asta los 19 aos son las principales vctimas de
homicidiosenelpas:87,6%deloscasos(datosNEVUSP). Estaclasedemuertesseproducensobre
todo cuando hay una superposicin de las necesidades y violacin de derechos. La violencia es un
proceso complejo, pero es imprescindible empezar el dilogo y el respeto a la diferencia, que debe
estarcomointermediaenrelacinaelrespetoalosiguales,indiferentesalasideaspreconcebidas.

Ana Paula Motta Costa anapaulamottacosta@gmail.com / Gabriela Fischer Arman


gabrielafarmani@gmail.com/LuizaCabistaniluizacabistani@gmail.com
PANEL: Adolescentes y sus contextos culturales y jurdicos. Ejes temticos: Jovenes, violencia,
estado,contextojuridicoculturales
Loslmitesparaelreconocimientodelosadolescentesysuscontextosculturalesyjurdicos.Reconocer
el sujeto in su contexto es dar la visibilidad a su personalidad y manifestacin de identidad. Se
materializa tras la indiferencia a las diferencias sociales que impiden la igualdad de condiciones de
identificacin.Laluchaporlajusticiayelreconocimientonoesunproblemaindividual,escolectivoy
de la sociedad. En el caso de los adolescentes, los lmites de reconocimiento se pueden observar en
diferentes dimensiones. Sobresale: la etapa de la vida con sus propias caractersticas socioculturales,
las difciles condiciones econmicas, la perspectiva legal y cultural, as como los lmites del Estado, en
ausencia de la efectividad de derechos. La realidad se revela en las cifras de mortalidad de sta
poblacin en los ltimos aos en Brasil. Los jvenes de los 15 hasta los 19 aos son las principales
vctimas de homicidios en el pas: 87,6 % de los casos (datos NEV USP). Esta clase de muertes se
producen sobre todo cuando hay una superposicin de las necesidades y violacin de derechos. La
violencia es un proceso complejo, pero es imprescindible empezar el dilogo y el respeto a la
diferencia, que debe estar como intermedia en relacin a el respeto a los iguales, indiferentes a las
ideaspreconcebidas.

Ana Paula Motta Costa anapaulamottacosta@gmail.com, Gabriela Fischer Armani


gabrielafarmani@gmail.comandLuizaGriesangCabistaniluizacabistani@gmail.com
CongresoInternacional
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUCIONES,RELACIONESY
REDES.ElpasadoyelfuturodelaSociologaJurdica

InternationalCongress
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUTIONS,RELATIONS,
NETWORKS.PastandfutureoftheSociologyofLaw
Updatedactualizado28/04/2014
ListofAbstracts
(alphabeticallyordered)
ListadodeAbstracts
(ordenadoalfabticamente)

IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
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The changes arising from the process of globalization and its effects on the prospect of violence
promoted by the state: an overview of the children and adolescents' situation in the outskirts of
Braziliancities.
This paper discusses the changes arising from the process of globalization and its effects on the
prospect of violence, especially the one produced by state mechanisms. The state promotes violence
through two main perspectives: when overusing, and therefore illegitimatelly using, its forces of
repression such as police violence , and when it fails to guarantee fundamental rights. This paper
focuses on the violent state actions facing the children and adolescents' situation in the outskirts of
Braziliancities.Theintersectionbetweenstateviolenceandyouthismultifaceted.Althoughthereare
significantadvancesregardingthelegalprovisionsreferringtotheproblem,theempiricalrealityturns
outdifferentfromthesphereofformalrights.Whencontextualizingandanalyzingtheroleofthestate
inrelationtochildrenandadolescentsinvolvedinviolentscenariosinBrazil,severalinconsistenciesof
differentordersarefound:once,theteenagerismadeinvisibleandmarginalizedfromthesocialorder,
then,heis'visible'andblamedforthestructuralandinherentviolencefromthecomplexglobalization
process experienced. In this manner, symbolic violence occurs through social stereotypical
representations, in which the youth of Brazil's peripheral city areas is standardized and has its
development process ignored. It is observed that the performance of the Brazilian state apparatus
reflects the inadequacy of public policies directed to this end and an increase of the means of state
repression,translatedintosymbolicandinstitutionalviolence.

AndraAbrahoCosta/AnaCarolinaElainedosSantosanacarolinasantos@gmail.com
AccesoalajusticiaenBrasil:losdesafosactualesdelamediacinenlasesferascvelycriminal
La temtica del acceso a la justicia gan relieve, se puede afirmar, com el clebre estdio de Mauro
Capelleti,denominadodeProyectoFlorena.EnBrasil,aqulestdiotuvogranrepercusin,seaenlos
estdiosociolgicosdelosaos80y90quedirigielprocesodelosderechosbsicosdelossectores
subalternos de la sociedad y tambin la prpia orden jurdica y su papel en la sociedad democrtica,
seanenlapropiadogmtica,tantoenelprocesocivil,conlasreformashaberparahacermsclereel
trmiteprocesal,cuantoeneldelprocesopenal,conlainstituicindelosjuizadosespeciales,creados
en 1999, p ara juzgar crmenes de pequeo dao, regidos por los princpios de la oralidad y
informalidad.Losltimosaos,delmismoaccesoalajusticia,seencuentraenvogaenBrasileldesafo
de "regreso" de la salida de la judicatura. Acaba de ser aprobado un nuevo cdigo de proceso civil
brasileo, y an tramita el proyecto de la ley para la edicin de un nuevo cdigo de proceso penal,
ambos con la preocupacin vuelta para la celeridad y efectividad procesales. En ese contexto, El
presente artculo tiene por objetivo abordar el actual desarrollo de las polticas pblicas vueltas al
sistema multiportas de solucin de conflictos as como sus desafios, buscando al final analizar las
possibilidadesconcretasderesolucindeaquellosentrelasreascvelycriminalenelquerespectaa
lamediacin,sealprprocesaloprocesalpropiamentedicha.

AndreiaSantosandreiasant1@hotmail.com
Laborlawasideology:theexampleoftheausterityparadigminPortugal
The regulation of legal and labor market highlights the importance of labor law while structuring a
sociopoliticalcontextprovingthecloserelationshipbetweenlawandsociety.Thispaperthusaimsthat
labor law being the result of the correlation of economic, political and social forces, becomes a key
instrumentthatmarksapoliticalideologyandeffectivelyputsitintopractice.Thegoalofthispaperis
toidentify,analyzeandevaluatetheproductionoflaborlawinPortugal,underliningthelinksbetween
theeconomicandpoliticaldecisionsandtheresultinglabormarketreforms(postApril25thof1974),
beingthecasestudythecurrentparadigmofausterityandtheproductionoftherespectivelaborlaw
ineffectsincetheMemorandumofUnderstanding(2011).Itisintendedtoanalyzetheprocessesand
thepoliticalandeconomicdynamicsandhowtheytransformthesocialandlaborsphereandalsothe
properidentityoflaborlaw.

AngelaMelvilleAngela.melville@flinders.edu.au
"Itistheworsetimeinlivinghistorytobealawgraduate":butnotifyouarewhite,middleclassand
male
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In 2012, the IISL hosted a workshop that examined the argument that there are 'too many lawyers.'
ThisclaimismaderegularlyintheAustralianmedia,andthereappearstobeapopularbeliefthatlaw
schools are producing more law graduates than there are positions in the legal profession. Empirical
evidence,however,suggeststhatAustraliadoesnotinfactfaceaglutoflawgraduates,andthispaper
arguesthatlookingonlyattheoverallnumericalmakeupoftheprofessionhidesotherproblems.This
paperexaminesthedemographicstructureoftheAustralianlegalprofessionintermsofgender,socio
economicstatusandIndigenousstatus.Itisarguedthatratherthantherebeingtoomanylawyersper
se,thattherearetoomanylawyersfromparticularsocialcategories.Thelegalprofessionstillappears
tobethedomainofthewhitemiddleclass.Inaddition,whilewomenalmosthavenumericalequality
within the profession, the 'glass ceiling' is yet to be broken and the opportunities for female lawyers
arestilllimited.

AngelaMelvilleAngela.melville@flinders.edu.au/SusanaArrese(susana@iisj.es)
"Senseofcommunity":analysisofprofessorsperceptionsofteachingsociologyoflaw
One of the main activities of the International Institute of the Sociology of Law is its International
Masters programme in Sociology of Law. This programme is highly innovative, in that rather than
having any inhouse teachers, the teaching programme is delivered by leading international sociology
oflawscholarsfromaroundtheworld.ThispaperpresentsanalysisoftheperceptionsofIISLteachers
whohavebeeninvolvedintheprogrammesinceitsinception25yearsago.Manyoftheseteachersare
sociolegal scholars located in law schools, and our analysis suggests that teaching at the IISL offers
thesescholarsasenseofcommunitywhichtheyfeelisoftenotherwiselacking.TheIISLwasdescribed
as providing a sense of respite, refuge and even peace. The programme was also perceived to be
"different", suggesting that many sociolegal scholars conceptualise their teaching, and possibly their
research and themselves, as being marginalised. This analysis provides an insight into the position of
sociolegalscholarswithinthe broader academicfield,andquestionswhether sociolegalscholarshave
made real inroads into the 'centre' of the legal scholarship or whether we are still working 'on the
margins'.

AngeloSalentoangelo.salento@unisalento.it
Thelegalfoundationsoffinancializationofcompanies
This paper presents an empirical and theoretical analysis of the financialization of companies and the
diffusionofshareholdervaluemaximizationinItaly,showingthatthisreformingprogramhasbeenthe
result of a struggle between different sectors of Italian financial and industrial elite, which have
profoundly influenced the legislative process. Although the ideology of financial modernization and
democratization,largelyendorsedintheEuropeanUnion,haseventuallyprevailed,farfromlosingits
privileges, the Italian traditional industrial elite has been able to interpret the new course as an
opportunitytoaccessthetransnationalcapitalistclass,adoptingshareholdervaluemaximizationasthe
maindrivingprincipletowardsfinancialaccumulation.

AnnaGuthlebenannaguthleben@gmail.com
LawReformandLegalPluralisminthePacificanupdate:HowtheLawReformCommissionofSamoa
incorporatescustom,customarylawandhumanrightsintoitswork
This paper analyses the work of the Law Reform Commission (LRC) of Samoa and how it incorporates
introducedlaw,customarylawandhumanrightsthroughitsprocessesandtheworkthatitproduces.
LRCsareindependentinstitutionsthatundertakelawreformprojectsrequiringextensiveconsultation
from the community; and from experts and specialists in the particular field under review. The first
waveofLRCsoriginallywereestablishedinthe1960storeviewandmodernizethelaw;withthemodel
exported from the United Kingdom to many common law countries. Few if any of these LRCs were
given statutory authority to deal with customary law or integrate legal pluralism, even if they were
establishedincountrieswithahighdegreeoflegalpluralism.ThispaperexploreshowtheSamoaLRC
presentsadifferentmodeltothe"traditional"LRCbybridgingthedividebetweencustomarylawand
humanrights.InparticularitexamineshowtheconsultationprocessoftheSamoanLRCbringscustom
andcustomarylawintoCabinetdiscussionandultimatelyparliamentarylegislation;andhowthework
of the LRC brings human rights concepts into discussion with the chiefs, the 'keepers' of customary
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rules.

AnneJolivetannejolivet@hotmail.com
Civic Participation in the Role of Judging in France and Italy: A Socioanthropological Study of lay
participationintheCriminalCourt
Bystudyingandputtingtheinternationalcomparisonoftheinstitutionofthepopularjurytothetest,
weareseekingtounderstandthewaytwoculturesandtwodifferentjudicialsystemsdefinethesame
judicial institution. The goal of our research is to put in perspective the position of a jurisdictional
institutionwithinthejudicialinstitutionandtostudytheinternallogicofitsfunctioning,withregardto
theFrenchandItalian nationalcontexts.However,thestudyofrelationsthat weareproposingisnot
limitedtothepopularjuryalone.Indeed,itisnecessarytoincludeinitsconsiderationthejurisdiction
thatgovernsit,whichinourcaseisthecriminalcourt.Ourintuitionisthatthepopularjurycan"speak
volumestous"aboutthemechanismsbywhichtheCriminalcourtandthejudicialinstitutionfunction,
aswellasabouttheconditionsofsocialtiesandofdemocracy,whichareattheheartofthisstudy.

AnnetteOlesenaol@sam.sdu.dk
DebtasanIndirectCriminalRiskFactor
Studiesofcriminalriskfactorsillustratethattheexprisoners,whosuccessfullystayemployedorbegin
aneducation,arelesslikelytofindtheirwaybackonacriminalpath.
However, the aforementioned preventive factors of criminal relapse become less effective due to the
exprisoners debt. According to the Danish Administration of Justice Act, the state hasa right of
recourse against criminal offenders to recover legal costs (expenses to defense lawyers, DNAtests,
technical and accounting investigations etc.). Denmark is the only Scandinavian country, and the only
country in the European Union, who does not take the income level of the convicted into
consideration, when calculating the legal costs. Nor do they have a common practice of remitting
convictedsconsiderablelegalcosts.
Thus, we must regard most exprisoners in Denmark as highly indebted to the state. The exprisoners
debt is generally understood as causing financial problems, but legal regulation, as an unintended
consequence of the indebtedness, is still poorly explored. My research is based on interviews and
followupinterviews with 41 exprisoners. The interviews and followupinterviews have been carried
out in Denmark during a 2.5 year period. Indepth insights into the exprisoners indebtedness and
livingconditionsconfirmthatexprisonersshareapassiveattitudetowardsthelabourmarketandthe
educationsystem.Thepayprofitofhavingajob,comparedtoreceivinggovernmenttransferincome,
doesnothaveany(present)effecttothedebtladenexprisonersfinancialflexibilityoreverydaylifein
general. So, the financial boundary between the welfare poor exprisoners and the workfare poor ex
prisonersisunclear.
Legal regulation based on indebtedness will serve as an argument, to consider debt as an indirect
criminal risk factor, which makes the preventive factors less effective, and drives the indebted ex
prisonersfartherfromthelegitimatedsocioeconomicadvantagedaffiliationsbecauseoftheirdebtto
thestate.

AntnioCasimiroFerreiraacasimiroferreira@gmail.com
Labourhumanrights:theportuguesecaseandtheILO
Thetransnationaldimensionoflabourdisputespartakeanincreasinglycomplementaryrolewithinand
beyond the national systems, especially in the current context of labour relations' globalisation in
which the States face growing challenges. According to the perspective of the sociology of law, this
paper develops a theoretical and analytical analysis on the tension between the paradigms of labour
human rights and labour governance. The relevance of the International Labour Office (ILO) as an
international forum for the promotion and protection of labour rights including procedures for
complaints, framed in the traditional legal system in which the ILO has its grounds in its function of
monitor before the effectiveness of international labour standards. The paper thus aims to analyse
exogenous influences on Portuguese labour relations, taking as main indicators the role of the ILO's
specialcontrolsysteminthefieldofinternationallabourhumanrights'adjudication.Theeffectiveness
of national standards is studied by using the ILO system of complaints as an indicator of ineffective
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-9-
labourhumanrightsinPortugal.Theinternationaladjudicationisalsofacedasasolutiontoaccessto
labour justice, which the control system is perceived as a transnational remedy to labour disputes
withinthenationalspace.

AntnioCasimiroFerreiraacasimiroferreira@gmail.com
Thepoliticsofausterityaspoliticsoflaw
Inthispapermyaimistoreflectonthedebatesandexperiencesincountriesthatnowadaysliveunder
austerity. The argument presented is that austerity is not a global phenomenon, although it has
become a buzzword, and it seems that challenges the agenda for the political sociology of law.
Austerity,despiteemergingasaneconomicmodelforcombatingthecrisis,isorchestratingaprofound
legislative reform involving different areas of law associated with the functioning of the economy, in
particularsocialandlabourrights.However,in the"babbleofpublic debate" andthe narrativebased
on the inevitability of the neoliberal model, the law is presumed to be politically and sociologically
neutralandanydiscussionofitsprinciplesandbasisareavoided.Thusausterityemergesasthesource
ofanewpositivismandlegalformalisms.

AntoniosPlatsasA.Platsas@derby.ac.uk
Forging an Alliance of Subjects: Comparative Law and Legal Sociology as Advocates of Law and
Economics
The insular approach which law has traditionally taken as a subject seems to be on the retreat. For
instance, comparative law has been particularly instrumental in the promotion of the subject of law
andeconomics,otherwiseaforeignandrathernovelbodyofinformationintherealmoflaw.Sotoo
onerealisesthatlawandeconomicscreatesnowadaysanewsociolegaldiscourse,adiscoursewhich
creates a novus ordo seclorum in the realm of law. As such, the idea that comparative law is an
advocateofthesubjectoflawandeconomicsisoneofthecentralideaswhichthispaperputsforward.
Comparative law and economics as an innovative scholarly paradigm has been previously promoted
and defended by Mattei. This paper critically supports such a paradigm by emphasising the powerful
multidisciplinary approach which the subject of comparative law brings in the discipline of law.
Equally, the emergence of a new sociolegal understanding of law foresees the alliance of legal
sociology with the law and economics paradigm. This will be the papers second central idea.
Correspondingly,thepaperbyreinforcingpreviousfindingsinthefieldsofcomparativelawandlegal
sociology puts forward as its thesis an alliance of subjects, namely an alliance between comparative
law,legalsociologyandlawandeconomics,forsuchanallianceseemstobenowinthemaking.

ArantzaCamposRubioarantza.campos@ehu.es/AsunVenturaFranchventura@uji.es
PANEL:Participacinyrepresentacinpolticadelasmujeres
1.ElmovimientoFeministaylatomadedecisionesdelasmujeres:Entrelaparticipacinyla
representacin.
2.Democraciaparitaria.Medidasparalapresenciaequilibradaenlosdistintosmbitosde
participacinpolticaeinstitucionaleuropeos.

ArstidesObandoCabezasaristides.o@gmail.com
CiudadanayNacionalidad:UnVnculoporsuperarenlaGlobalizacin?
Este trabajo tiene como propsito analizar la necesidad de superar el vnculo nacionalidad
ciudadana, como respuesta a las demandas de la globalizacin. Cul es el criterio ms idnea para
concebir la ciudadana en un mundo globalizado? A partir de los Derechos Humanos es posible
concebir la ciudadana como un mnimo universal acorde a la globalizacin? Una redefinicin de la
ciudadana a partir de los Derechos Humanos, constituira un avance significativo en el ejercicio del
derecho a tener derechos (como define la ciudadana Adela Cortina) en la globalizacin, porque
permitira superar los lmites del Estado nacin, constituyndose en un lenguaje comn en la
comunidad poltica internacional. En este escenario es preciso analizar las repercusiones de la
globalizacinenelmbitojurdicoyelmodocomoreconfiguralacomunidadpolticaysusactores,yla
emergenciadeunaideaderaznpblicainternacionalancladaenlosDerechosHumanos.
PALABRASCLAVES
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Ciudadana.Nacionalidad.Globalizacin.Comunidadpoltica.DerechosHumanos

AttilaNagya.nagy@ibcmitrovica.eu
Whatlawspeoplewantandwhatlawstheycangetindisputedareas
Somesolutionsimplementedbylawswereforcedonpeopleanditisnotclearwhoseinteresttheyare
representingandprotecting.Certainlypeoplewouldnotshapethelawinsuchaway.TheInternational
communitymadeaConstitutionfortheruinedcountryofBosniaandHerzegovinawhichbroughttoan
end a long social conflict. By this given solution the conflict has ended, but in a similar case where
much different social groups confronted each other on the territory of Kosovo a similar decision has
been made by the EU in Brussels. This agreement has a similar background and is protected by the
authorityofabroadInternationalCommunity,butunfortunatelyitdidnotbringtheconflicttoanend.
Theresistanceisbigbothlegallyandsociallyandevenbyhavingadeiuresolutionadefactosituation
showsusthatthesocialgroupsjustgotmorefarfromeachotherandalegalvacuumhasbeencreated.
The importance of this issue is even bigger since we know that societies and people influence each
other,theylearnfromeachotherandapplysimilarsolutionstosomecommonproblems.

BernardHubeaubernard.hubeau@uantwerpen.be/NicoMoonsnico.moons@uantwerpen.be
TheRighttoHousingasanObligationofResult;OntheEffectivenessofFundamentalRights
Anno 2014, it is rather an exception than a rule for a state not to have a set of fundamental social
rights incorporated into its constitution. Unfortunately however, this does not mean that social rights
have consistently been given the same kind of treatment as other constitutional rights. A large
discrepancybetweenthe widerecognitionoftheserightsintheoryontheonehandanditsinfluence
in practice is still very noticeable. The apparent failure to adequately implement fundamental social
rights and their limited practical impact raise questions regarding their effectiveness. Evidently, the
sameapplieswithspecificregardtotherighttohousing.Here,thequestion hasbeenraisedwhether
the right to housing ought to be approached as a so called obligation of result. To what extent might
such a modification enhance the practical significance of such a right? How can fundamental social
rightsbegiventhecapacitytomakea differencein thelivesof thosewhoaremostseverelyaffected
bytheinadequacyofthecurrentconceptualisationoftheserights?Thesequestionsarecurrentlyfocal
pointsinthesociologyoflaw,andoncemoreaccentuatethetensionbetween"lawinthebooks"and
"lawinaction".

BlancaLisGutirrezSamanezlysblanca@hotmail.com
Globalizacin, identidad indgena y resistencia. La movilizacin por "el otro derecho" al patrimonio
histricoenlaciudaddelQoscoPer
Enlaactualidadconelcrecimientovorazdelastransnacionaleshotelerasdebidoalboondelturismo,
elpatrimoniohistricoperuanoengeneralyelcusqueoenparticularseencuentraengraveriesgode
ser destruido irreversiblemente. El desconocimiento del gran valor identitario que tiene la herencia
ancestraldelpuebloindgenaolascreacionesposteriorescontenidasenelacervoculturalmestizo,ha
hechoquelosbienesculturalesseconviertanensimplesmercancasqueproducenpingesganancias
en el mundo del turismo, de ah que se habla de no daar el turismo, pero nada se di ce de la
destruccin del patrimonio. Estos ltimos aos han sido, an ms peligrosos para el Patrimonio
Cultural Histrico debido a la globalizacin y la privatizacin de la cultura; desde el propio Estado a
travs de sus representantes se ha pretendido afirmar que el Patrimonio Cultural Identitario de la
Nacin"constituyeunperjuicioparalosinversionistas,yporlotantounatrabaparaeldesarrolloenla
globalizacin,"ideasvertidasenelProyectodeLeyNro.3464/2009,yarchivadograciasalaluchadela
sociedad civil a nivel nacional. Dentro del marco descrito, se presenta esta ponencia cuyo ttulo es:
Globalizacin, identidad indgena y resistencia. La movilizacin por "otro derecho" al patrimonio
histrico en la ciudad del CuscoPer; con el objetivo de analizar a la organizacin civil por un lado
comounespaciodeidentidadyporotrocomounaprcticaciudadanadelargatradicinycontinuidad
deluchadelpueblocusqueoporsuidentidad,yporotraparte,tieneelobjetivodedevelartambin,
lapolticaantipatrimonialdentrodelmarcodescrito.

CamiloUmaacamiloeduh@hotmail.com/AlvaroPiresAlvaro.Pires@uottawa.ca
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HumanRightstowardsRadicalPunishment:CriticismorJustification?TheReceptionofInternational
LawintheColombianCriminalCode
Is it possible to construct a nonparadoxical relationship between human rights and the way how we
perceivethescaleofpenaltiesandthelimitstopunishment?Accordingtohistoricalevidence,criminal
law in western societies has valued and justified the severity of punishment developing, updating or
toleratingvariousformsofradicalpunishmentsuch asthedeath penalty (eitherwithinflictedpainor
'humanized'),lifesentencesandextremelylongprisonsentences.Afterelaboratingaconceptofradical
punishment, this article will focus on presenting certain paradoxes that human rights might face
towards these penalties. Thenceforth we will consider nonparadoxical relationships between human
rightsandcriminallaw.Isitpossibletoconstructanonparadoxicalrelationshipbetweenhumanrights
and the way how we perceive the scale of penalties and the limits to punishment? According to
historical evidence, criminal law in western societies has valued and justified the severity of
punishment developing, updatingortoleratingvariousformsofradicalpunishmentsuchasthe death
penalty(eitherwithinflictedpainor'humanized'),lifesentencesandextremelylongprisonsentences.
After elaborating a concept of radical punishment, this article will focus on presenting certain
paradoxes that human rights might face towards these penalties. Thenceforth we will consider non
paradoxicalrelationshipsbetweenhumanrightsandcriminallaw.

CarladaSilveiraRamoscarla_ramos@live.com.pt
Lawsystem,networksandspacemutualinfluencesandtheirimpactonLisbon'selderly
In a research context for a PhD thesis we are studying the elderly living at Benfica (Lisbon periphery
with middle classes population) and at So Jos (the environment of Avenida da Liberdade, at Lisbon
centre, with lower classes population) and we intend better understand the mutual influences of law
system(Weber,1992),socialnetworks(Bourdieu,1980,1994)andurbanspace(Costa,2000).Weare
following a qualitative methodology composed by participant observation (since December 2011), in
thesociabilitiesoftheseindividualsattwosocialcentreslocalizedintheareasstudiedandoutsidethe
centres. Furthermore, we made (16) life stories explained and developed through semidirective
interviews. The presentation I am proposing to the Conference discusses the principal conclusions
achievedinthesespecificstimeandplaces(Friedman,1986).Evenmoreincrisisconjuncture,wemay
saythatlawsystemisasocial[andurbanspace]inequalitiesechoatSoJosanditallowsmaintaining
thestatusquo(GarcaVillegas,2006).AtBenfica,however,individualsarenotextremelydamagedby
this reciprocity (Swedberg, 2003) because of (some) social (and urban space) homogeneity. Urban
spaceinequalitiesmakealsoproblematicsocialnetworksformationanddevelopment.

CarlosJosPerettecarlosperette@hotmail.com
Democraciasenemergencias.Globalizacinyneoliberalismo
ThecurrentglobalcrisisofdemocraticlegitimacyinwesterndemocraciesiswhichIwilltrytoanalyze
in this paper from a Latin American stand point and outlook. The failure of the democratic neoliberal
designinLatinAmericainthenineties,theabsenceofbasicsocialconsensus,thecrisisofgovernance
thatoccurredinthelastdecadesoftheXXcenturyinLatinAmerica,havedemonstratedthenegative
impact of neoliberal recommendations on Latin American democratic governance, impoverishing the
possibilities of state public policy regulation and popular participation and causing populist reactions.
This phenomenon in these moments acquires global reach . The crisis of legitimacy of representative
democracy is much deeper on a global scale. The emergence and strengthening of antihegemonic
social movements and the failure of neoliberalism in countries such as Argentina in 2001, it has
facilitated the emergence of alternative outlooks to monetarist hegemonies and market supremacy
pushing to reintroduce the state as a key player in the regulatory area and distributive policies
following the recommendations of some doctrine, emerging alternative narratives and the deepening
importance of participatory civil society. Social movements have played a key role (Scholte, 2002) in
these outputs, and strong pressures against the neoliberal matrix (Santos, 2005) have proliferated. In
this presentation I intend to link the crisis of democratic legitimacy with globalization as well as with
newmodesofglobalgovernancefromacounterhegemonicperspectivetendingtomitigatethegreat
shortcomingsofneoliberalglobalizationandgovernance.

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CarlosJosPerettecarlosperette@hotmail.com
La constitucin multicultural, el Estado de derecho y la flexibilizacin de las formas jurdicas. Breve
reseadelajusticiaindgenadelpueblochibuleoenEcuador
In this presentation I articulate some considerations about the Multicultural Constitution in Latin
America as it way recently enacted in some Andean countries like Bolivia and Ecuador. The
Multicultural Constitution, as a process of emancipation of indigenous peoples in Latin America has
provoked not only substantial changes in the traditional legal architecture of Latin American
constitutionalism but also permitted the use of the Constitution as a counterhegemonic and
decolonizing instrument.. The constitutional recognition of indigenous justice and its own distinct
forms of legal production, has challenged the traditional concept of formal law. Paradoxically, the re
emergenceofindigenouslawandjusticewasachievedthroughtheuseofformalandlegalinstruments
which historically had been used to strengthen colonial dominance over indigenous peoples. I will
analyze very briefly the case of the indigenous people of Chibuleo and their own system of justice
stressing the emancipatory and social cohesion effects which have resulted from the implementation
of the autonomous indigenous judicial system. This analysis is based on some theoretical tools
providedbyglobalizationstudiesandglobalgovernancescholarshipandfocusedonthetransformative
rolethatglobalcounterhegemonicsocialmovementshaveplayedinthedeconstructionoftraditional
stateinacontextofeconomicglobalizationinsomecountriesofLatinAmerica.

CarolinaAlvesVestenacarolvestena@gmail.com
ThesocialreformsinBrazil:acriticismoftheinstitutionalizationoflawinperipheralcapitalism
Reformativeactionsprimarilyrepresenttheinstitutionalmanagingmodelincapitalism,andifobserved
fromthepointofviewofthissocialformation,they mean,therefore,arepertoireofcommonaction.
The discussions on reform were born from social struggles. Nevertheless, the reforms were linked to
the possibilities of transformation within the capitalist system itself. The term "reform" lay within a
critical theory that set the idea of reform to against that of radical social transformation. With the
world changes introduced in the postwar period, the reform/revolution dichotomy gave way to the
issue of the gears of the state and democracy. The different approaches to this subject include the
debateaboutthe"crisisoftheState".Thisapproachwasimportanttodiscusstheroleofideologyand
law in capitalism, showing how these assume a unifying meaning of an intrinsic order of the social
body,whichnolongerhadatranscendentauthorityoverallsubjects.Hence,theformsofStateaction
dependoncontrolmechanismsofhegemony,whichsupportthemaintenanceofpoliticalauthorityand
its legitimacy. Although the reform action is aimed at transforming some aspect of social reality, its
interventionlimitsdonotexceedthepossibilitiesofpoliticalemancipationoftheprojectofmodernity
linked to capitalism. This paper intends to establish a dialogue between postcolonial studies and the
critical theory of law. The critical theory of law draws on the Marxist tradition to address the
constituents of legal form, highlighting its ambivalence. The postcolonial theory reports the pow er
relations at different political levels. Considering both theories this study aim of creating an
explanatorymodeloflegalformintheperipheryinordertounderstandtheroleoftheStatereforms
withinperipheralcapitalism.

CristinaIsabelElizaldeQuirozmaladi_cris@hotmail.com
DerechosHumanosconPerspectivadeGneroHaciadndesedestinan?Haciaunasubordinacin
delEstadoohaciaunMediodeResistenciaSocial?
Los derechos humanos, han cobrado una atrayente mirada en diversos mbitos, lo anterior en gran
medida por los nuevos movimientos sociales y han causado inquietud en el derecho del Estado; las
interrogantes que ahora tiene ms inters son en qu medida los derechos humanos garantizan
potestad al Estado? O contrario a ello qu tan emancipatorios son respecto al ser humano?
Abordando una perspectiva de gnero, se aspira en la presente ponencia, realizar una reflexin del
beneficio o perjuicio de la introduccin del lenguaje de los derechos humanos, con el propsito de
llegar a un desenlace y concretar una idea particular. Siguiendo el orden de ideas, se pretende un
anlisis respecto a la trascendencia que implican los nuevos movimientos sociales para obtener
garantas en cuestin de gnero; la comunidad de mujeres, se ha ido conformando por dinmicas de
resistencia, pretendiendo abolir el orden patriarcal, a travs de un actuar social que ha estado
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enfocado a una decadencia del orden ya mencionado. Con ello pretendo incitar una contemplacin
propiaencadaindividuoacercadelacuestinexpuesta.

CrizianyMachadoFelixcriziany@ces.uc.pt
RestorativeJusticeandYouthCourtsinBrazil:"JusticeforXXICentury"casestudy
This paper analyses the adoption of restorative justice procedures in Brazilian Youth Courts, with the
purpose of verifying the extent to which such modality is seen as contributing to promote a new
paradigm of justice. The work is divided in two parts. In the first one, it describes the ways in which
theBrazilian juvenile (penal)system hasbeenreformedoverthelastyears,andhowthosereforms
allows to incorporate some of the principles of restorative justice. In the second part, it discusses the
perceptionsthatdifferentprofessionalsinvolvedinrestorativejustice(judges,prosecutors,facilitators
andcourtworkers)intheJusticeforXXICenturyProgramhaveofthisnewparadigminresponding
to juvenile delinquency. The issue was approached through semistructured interviews and
documental analyses. The papers main conclusion is that there are different perspectives of
restorative justice practices in the programme analised and, as a consequence, there are different
representationsofdistinctlevelsofchangesinthetraditionalparadigm."

ChristianeBesnierchristiane.besnier@wanadoo.fr
Eljuradopopularenlosjuiciospenales:investigadorcolateraldelaverdad
LainvestigacinetnogrficadelostribunalesdejuradosenFrancia,realizadaapartirdelaobservacin
delasaudienciasyentrevistasaprofesionales,demuestraquelabsquedadelaverdadsedesarrollaa
la semejanza de una experiencia cientfica. El presidente, al igual que un investigador de laboratorio,
instruyeloshechossirvindosedeunmtodoexperimental:ahondaenlosindicios,cruzalasfuentes,
superpone las versiones y verifica las hiptesis para conseguir eliminar cualquier mnima duda. La
bsqueda de la verdad es una obra colectiva desarrollada conjuntamente por el presidente, los
magistrados, los abogados y los jurados. Junt o con los jueces profesionales, el jurado popular es uno
de los actores del proceso. Observa los resultados, formula sus propias hiptesis e interpreta las
pruebasquefundamentansuconviccin.Paraconocermejorlafuncinsingulardeesteactoratpico,
describimossuparticipacinentresmomentosdelproceso:laobservacindetodoactoprocesaloral,
laformulacindehiptesissometidasadebatecontradictorioylainterpretacindelosresultadosque
produceeljuicio.

ChristinaHofsethchristina.hofseth@politiet.no/MarianneSaetresofiamas1@hotmail.com
DiscursivepolicingTheanalyst'sdilemmasinproductionandnegotiationsofcrimeimages
In the global architecture of control the police analyst plays a crucial role in constructing images of
socialthreats.Consideredobjectiveand"factfinding"theanalysisgetalegitimatingfunctionincrime
policy,butareontheotherhandcriticizedforproducingsentimentsoffearandculturalconditionsof
moral panic in the neoliberal state. As producers, administrators and intermediaries of the police
knowledge on crime in a postmodern culture, the analyst play in a filed occupied by a collage of
coexisting images, with plural interpretive communities, and multiple set of interests. In the
intersectional culture with indeterminate number of language games, the significance and use of the
knowledge changes. This papers discussion is founded on a reflexive understanding of dilemmas the
policeanalystexperienceasparticipatorinthediscourseprocesses.Wepresenttheresultsofastudy
ofcorrelationsbetweenpopularmediadramatizationofraperiskinthecityandnumberofreportson
rapes to Oslo police department throughout 2011.The study shows the complexity of interests and
language games that are involved in the discursive processes of producing a culture of fear, and the
analystsdilemmas.Theanalystsnegotiateinconflictsbothwithinthepoliceorganization,betweenthe
police, media, advocacy groups, academic fields and policy makers, and more directly with the
populationsheserves.

DaceSulmanedace.sulmane@gmail.com
RelieffromCommunismin25steps.LatvianWay
The article Relief from Communism in 25 steps. Latvian Way . illustrates the challenges and
difficulties most post Soviet countries have faced since the 90ies in legal, insitutional, economic and
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political spheres. Author especially focuses on the problems of legal transformation in Latvia from
sociological aspect. The article tries to explore and explain the unique process of re establishing a
democraticunderstandingofsuchtermsasruleoflaw,civilsocietyetc.Authoralsoquestionsif
it is still relevant to identify such countries, as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, as postcommunist
countries. Has self identification of society definately tran sformed during 25 years in these
countries?Isthereconsensusaboutdefinitepartingfromcommunistsovietlegalconsciousnessin
2014?

DanielaMaraJosZaikoskiBiscaydanizetabe@hotmail.com//danizetabe@gmail.com
Derechos y Violencia Contra la Mujer. Avances en la Jurisprudencia Reciente y Desafos hacia el
Futuro(LaPampaArgentina)
Con este trabajo nos interesa reflejar los nudos de tensin que viven las mujeres de sectores
empobrecidos en el ejercicio de sus derechos sexuales y reproductivos; al momento de solicitar la
ligaduratubariacomomediodeanticoncepcindefinitivita.
LaProvinciadeLaPampa,cuentadesdeelao2004conlegislacinpropia(Ley2079)sobrepracticarla
ligadura tubaria en los hospitales pblicos; mientras que en la Argentina la ley Nacional 26130 se
sancionaenelao2006.
La lucha del movimiento feminista local, realiz durante varios aos un fuerte trabajo poltico de
incidencia,paravisibilizarlademandaqueplanteabanlasmujeresparaaccederalaligadura.Desdela
sancin de ley provincial, su aplicacin transit por diferentes estadios, sin embargo en los ltimos
aos, se estn presentados dificultades en su implementacin que se comportan como obstculos,
reflejandoladesigualdadqueelEstadoestllevandoadelanteenlaaplicacindeunapolticapblica,
porloquelaaccesibilidadalaprcticanoestentrelasprioridadesdelsistemadesalud.Lasmujeres
vivendiferentessituacionespersonales,familiares,sociales,asistencialesporlasquebuscanaccedera
laanticoncepcindefinitivaynosonescuchadas.Atravsdesusrelatosconoceremossusexperiencias
frenteaunarealidaddeinequidaddegnero.
Seutilizarunametodologacualitativaconentrevistasamujeresdediferentesedades.Estetrabajose
enmarca en el proyecto de investigacin: Relaciones de gnero, polticas pblicas y trabajo en La
Pampacontempornea.Impactosenlaidentidadciudadana.

DavidMonciardinimncdvd@unife.it
WhatCounts?LawandAccountancyconflictingclaimsinthedefinitionofvalueandvalues
Thepaperanalysesandjuxtaposestwoconvergingtrendsinthedefinitionofinternationalaccounting
rules. On the one hand, while conventional accounting standards tend to focus on materiality, this
approach has become increasingly elusive and problematic. Managerial studies show that intangible
assets(e.g.knowhow,reputation,humancapital,intellectualcapital)currentlycountsforover80%of
thevalueoflargelistedcompanies(itwas20%inthe1980s).Therefore,particularlyaftertheonsetof
the global financial crisis, standardsetters and lawmakers are called to include intangibles in
business reporting. On the other hand, we are witnessing the emergence of a second trend in
accounting regulation. Companies are increasingly demanded to disclose information concerning not
only their financial but also their nonfinancial performance. The latter typically include disclosure of
human rights, employees, environmental and corruption matters. The paper attempts to link the two
regulatory trends, claiming that we are facing a conflict between competing professional claims,
comingfrom lawandaccountancy. Underpinnedby differentrationalities,theyarecompetingforthe
definition of what counts and what has value, generating an intriguing debate about the boundaries
between business and society and the role of the law. The paper concludes that, considering the
central role of large corporations in our societies, it is urgent to problemitize and reradicalize our
takenforgrated,materialisticandundersocializeddefinitionofeconomicvalue.

DavidWexlerdavidbwexler@yahoo.com
An international and interdisciplinary project to ''mainstream'' therapeutic jurisprudence(TJ) in the
criminalcourts
Therapeuticjurisprudence(TJ)thestudyofthelawasatherapeuticagentismostcloselyassociated
withspecial''problemsolving''courts,suchasdrugtreatmentcourts.Suchcourtsaredesignedtoinvite
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TJ judicial practices, such as active listening, empathy, and active client participation. Many wish to
extend this approach more broadly, but economic considerations make a robust expansion unlikely.
The current project thus seeks to examine how TJ practices might be applied in ''ordinary'' courts. To
achievethis,criminalcodesmustbeexaminedstagebystagetoseeifthestagesatissuewouldinvite
or disallow these TJ practices. The legal provisos can be seen as the governing structure or ''bottles''
andtheTjpracticescanbeseenasliquidor''wine.''.Theendeavoristoseeifthewinecanbepoured
intotheexistingbottlesorwhetherthebottlesneedtobechanged(ie,lawreform).Thispresentation
will canvass the area and will explore efforts to date and steps for the future in making the criminal
justicesystemmoretherapeuticfordefendantsandvictims.

DeeSmythedee.smythe@uct.ac.za
ThegovernanceofcrimeandviolenceinSouthAfrica'sformerhomelandsareturntoindirectrule
Significantprocessesofchangeandadaptationarecurrentlyunderwayinrelationtomarriageandthe
land rights of single women living in communal areas in South Africa. Scholars describe declining
marriage rates, particularly among poor African women and argue that this downward trend has
acceleratedinthepostapartheidperiod.Atthelocallevelthereisrhetoricofmoraldecay,occasioned
by newly acquired human rights, and a hankering to return to custom and tradition as a way to
stabilizeourfrayingsocialfabric.Africanwomenarethemainrecipientsofgovernmentsocialsecurity
grants and are also those directly affected by the 1998 Recognition of Customary Marriages Act
(RCMA),alongwithbureaucraticadministrativeprocessesputinplacetoregistercustomarymarriages
and litigation over its meaning and content. Alongside changes in marriage patterns we see single
womenincreasinglyclaiming,andbeingallocated,residentialsitesforthemselvesandtheirchildrenin
communal areas. On the face of it, this practice appears to confound the customary law premise of
landrightsvestingexclusivelyinmen.Inthispaper,AninkaClaassensandIaskhowthesignificantand
far reaching processes of change that are underway relate to one another, to legal practice and the
dominantjuralviewofmarriage,andtobroadereconomicandpoliticaldevelopmentsinSouthAfrican
society.

DurgambiniA.Pateldurgambini@gmail.com/PaulMusilamishtiq@rediffmail.com
LawandSocietyatCrossroads!DilemmasinaDigitalizedGlobalEconomy
The contemporary legal world order dominated by transnational trade and digital revolution has
playedanunequivocalroleinpromotingglobaltradethroughecontractsandecommerce.However,
the technology has some inherent drawbacks which work as bane rather than boon. Due to the high
probability of it being misused it becomes an invented tool for committing commercial borderless
crimes which necessitate a relook of criminal jurisprudence (mens rea, actus rea, jurisdiction,
applicable law, preparation of crime, attempt, commission of crime etc) in determining the extent of
criminal liability. These issues seem more serious because of transnational na ture of internet based
cyber crimes i.e. decentralised, ubiquitous and transcend jurisdictions readily and rapidly. With
proliferation of digital globalized economy with it come commercial borderless crimes leading to
interstatedisputeresolution.ThepaperwilladdresstheimpactICThasinfacilitatingandentrenching
globalization of legal systems in a globalized digital economic world and the issues that arise in
rethinking and remoulding the jurisprudential aspects of traditional physical criminal law. The paper
willemphasizeupontheinterfaceoflawinmouldingacceptablesocialbehaviourincyberspacei.e.the
compatibility of cyber laws to social needs and ethos. Keywords: globalization, digitalization,
cyberspaceandJustice

EkaterinaVasiljevavasilevaen@yandex.ru/EvgenyVasilevvasileves@gmail.com
SubjectsinstitutionalizationcivilactivityofyouthinpostSovietRussian
StudyofthefactorsdeterminingthecivilactivityofyouthinpostSovietRussian,socializationofyoung
people is an important social problem. Social and political situation, traditional form of management
defined social and cultural attitudes, factors of civil activity. Higher education institutions and state
there are subjects that define the civil and informationcommunicative spaces of modern society. In
this article researched the process of institutionalization activity youth, studied political and
nonpoliticalcausesoftheseprocesses.
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ElidadeOliveiraLaurisdosSantoselidalauris@gmail.com
Top down or bottom up. What role to transnational institutes and development microinitiatives in
democraticlegalreform?
This paper intends to shed light on the tension between transnational imposition and local
development initiatives. Considering both the globalization of law impositions and internal social
aspirations,thepathoflegalreformsshouldqueryingnotonly theroleof transnationalorganisations
butalsothealternativesbasedonmicropoliticinitiativesandlegalempowerment.Inordertodiscuss
the construction of democratizing legal reforms, this paper questions global references regarding the
implementation of rights such as the paradigm of the European Social Model and the International
Labour Organisarion labour paradigm. Despite the convergence established between the ILO and the
EU, based on the principles of social protection and labour markets, the performance of these two
institutions are confronted regarding their different potential as emancipatory models and levels of
effectiveness. In the specific case of the ILO, while recognising the symbolic efficacy of dynamic legal
work projected on broad concepts such as social dialogue, we question the (in)effectiveness of its
normativeprinciplesbasedonthesoftlawmechanisms.Thecurrentcommoditizationprocessofrights
andvaluescallstoarecontratualizationofeconomicesocialrights,makingurgenttoanalisehowthe
normativity of transnational order and local development inititatives, given the universalization of
humanrightsandlegalempowermentappeal,couldcontributetoademocraticreformoflaw.

EmmaPatrignaniemma.patrignani@ulapland.fi
LEGALPLURALISMvariationsontheepistemologicalstatusofaconcept
My paper, which I understand as fitting in the theme "changing nature of sociolegal knowledge",
focusesonthetheoreticaltrajectoryoflegalpluralism.Thetermhasfirstbeenusedasdescriptivelabel
referring to a situation observed in the world, and in this sense it is the manifestation of a twofold
change in the research on normative phenomena: not only it enlarges the field of interest of legal
scholars beyond stately enacted law, but also it entails a shift towards an empirical legal scholarship.
The paper explores the consequences of this second cognitive operation the shift in nature from a
nomologicodeductive legal doctrine to a socialscientific anthropology of law. A reflection on the
epistemologyofsocialsciencescanhelpusmakesenseofthemultifariousliteratureonlegalpluralism,
and of the different conceptions of the term that have been proposed. More specifically, legal
pluralism is devised as a theoretical program and its influence on the production of socialscientific
knowledge is analysed. The investigation concentrates on the role of the concept in the selection of
relevantdataandontheintelligibilitystructureimposedonthem.

ricaMontaayDanielaZaikoski
PANEL: Polticas y derechos en relacin a las sexualidades y los gneros en Argentina y
Latinoamrica
Apocomsde30aosdelarecuperacinyejerciciodelademocraciaenlaArgentinayenlaregin,se
hacenecesarioeimprescindiblecontarconunrecorridoenlasconquistasdederechosinclusivos,que
den cuenta de los procesos sociales, polticos, econmicos y legales transitados. Estos procesos
posibilitanlageneracinprogresivadeuncuerponormativodeinclusinsocialquereflejelosavances
enelsurgimientodepolticaspblicasenelmismosentido.
LaArgentinahasidopioneraenLatinoamricaenretomarlaluchaporlareivindicacindelosderechos
humanos vulnerados en la ltima dictadura cvicomilitar, como tambin se preocupa por visibilizar y
poner en debate las demandas de diferentes colectivos, [entre ellos las mal denominadas minoras
sexuales] reconociendo y legislando al respecto. En este contexto nos encontramos en presencia de
ciudadanosciudadanas que traducen sus demandas en nuevas exigencias sociales que toman sus
derechosylosimponencomounnuevoparadigmasocialdondesedestaquelaculturaylacalidadde
vida, donde el ejercicio y reconocimiento pleno de la sexualidad sin violencia ni restricciones no se
limitealplanopolticoyeconmicosinoqueseaextensivoaplanospersonales,socialesyculturales.
En el contexto de la pluralidad jurdica (y judicial), y en una sociedad considerada como insegura o
deriesgoexistengruposymovimientosquecomenzaronadefenderactivamentelaaceptacinsocial
ylalegitimacinlegaldesusluchasyque,porloexpuesto,llevanaproblematizarlasparticularidades
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delSistemaJurdicoysurolenunasociedadinclusiva.
Enestesentido,elcamposociojurdicosetransformaenunespaciodesurgimientodeunimportante
nmero de normas y polticas pblicas que van permitiendo desde el aporte de diversos marcos
conceptuales, incluidos en la Sociologa Jurdica instalar las distintas formas de expresin de la
diversidad en el mundo de las relaciones sociales tanto como poner en tensin y confrontar las
inequidades de clase. Se trata de regulaciones en favor de detener la Violencia de Genero, de
identificarlosDerechosSexualesyReproductivosenclavedeDDHH,elacrecentamientodederechosa
travs de las innovadoras leyes de Matrimonio Igualitario e Identidad de Gnero, entre las ms
importantes; las que requieren tanto de reconocimiento como de polticos redistributivas para su
efectivavigencia.
Actualmente, nos encontramos ante un escenario en donde las polticas pblicas, las estrategias de
desarrolloyelcampodelaproteccininternacionaldelosderechoshumanosconfluyenenreconocer
una agenda considerada prioritaria vinculada a los problemas derivados de la exclusin social, y por
endepromuevendistintosescenarios,sociales,culturales,peroporsobretodojurdicosendireccina
garantizarlainclusinycohesinsocialqueavaleypotencielaigualdadenladiversidad.
Esta convocatoria invita a grupos de trabajo, de investigacin, equipos de ctedras ya sea de
Latinoamrica o de otros pases que no formen parte de la regin a participar con su aporte y que
tenganentresusobjetivoslatemticaaqupresentada.
Enestepanelserecibirn,entonces,trabajoscuyaproduccinprovengadeinvestigacionesoavances
delasmismas,aportestericosy/oexperienciasdecampoquesevinculenalostemaspropuestos.

ErikaBrcenaArvalorochelle1818@hotmail.com
La internacionalizacin de los derechos humanos y su incorporacin en Mxico desde la Suprema
CortedeJusticiadelaNacin
El proceso de internacionalizacin de los derechos humanos finalmente alcanz a Mxico en el 2011
cuando la Constitucin Federal fue reformada para incluirlos y reconocerlos formalmente. A partir de
dichareformanoslosereconocenlosderechoshumanosdetodapersonacontempladostantoenla
Constitucin como en los tratados internacionales, sino que adems se adopta, particularmente, el
principiopropersona,loqueparecemarcaruncambiodeparadigmaen elsistemajurdicomexicano
(formalmente proclamado por el discurso oficial de la Corte) en el que primaba el principio de
supremacaconstitucional;noobstante,laSupremaCortedeJusticiadelaNacinhaemitidocriterios
jurisprudencialesquedealgunaformamantienenesteltimoprincipio.Apartirdelanlisisdealgunas
sesiones del pleno de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nacin (sesiones donde participan los 11
ministrosqueintegrandichorganojurisdiccional),dondelasdiscusioneshanllevadoaemitircriterios
importantesenmateriadederechoshumanos,particularmenteloconcernientealoscontenidosenlos
tratadosinternacionales,estaponenciapretendereflexionarsobreelprocesodeincorporacindelos
derechos humanos tomando en consideracin que las formas tradicionales de concebir al derecho
prevalecenanycuandooficialmenteseproclameunaprofundatransformacin.

EugeneMcNameee.mcnamee@ulster.ac.uk
Treatmentsoftheroleoflawin''dealingwith''situationsofmassharm
,Treatmentsoftheroleoflawin''dealingwith''situationsofmassharmreadilyfocusonthedecision
making power of law in its operation as criminal law, or in the numerous nonlegal or quasi legal
innovations that seek to mitigate the potential social disruption of findings of mass guilt through
criminal law. Law, in a transitional justice optic, is shaken from the idea that it can effectively close
downmeaning(asincriminallaw)andbecomesobviouslyimplicatedinprocessesofmeaningcreation.
The loop of cultural meaning creation back into (this more broadly defined) legal field of meaning
becomescentraltotransitionaljusticeconcerns.Thispaperdevelopsanargumentthatculturalactivity
in the Northern Irish context was, in the generation of ideas about nonterritorial constitutionality,
central to the conditions of possibility of the eventual political settlement. The wider argument
generatedisthatissuesofcultureandofliteraturemustbecentraltotransitionaljusticeconcerns,and
that transitional justice must develop an awareness of not alone political and legal but also affective
dimensionsofjustice.In thistaskthesuggestionis thatliterature(inparticularofthearts) providesa
model of practice in its comfort with notions of multiple meanings held in productive irresolution
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towardstheendofengagementthatisatonceintellectualandaffective.

EvaBremseva.brems@ugent.be
IntegratingProceduralJusticeInHumanRightsLawAndPractice
In my earlier work I have argued that several strong reasons militate in favour of incorporating a
procedural justice approach in human rights adjudication. These are related to procedural justice's
provenimpactonlegitimacy,compliance,andfeelingsofselfworth.Inaddition,itmaybearguedthat
proceduraljusticecriteriaaretheproceduralmirrorofthesubstantiveworkofhumanrightsreasoning.
Hence, procedural justice should matter in human rights law because it is part of the same value
system,i.e.asystemgearedtowardfindingsolutionsthatarejustandfair.Thispaperwillexplorethe
concretemodalitiesoftheintegrationofproceduraljusticeinhumanrightslaw,andsetoutaresearch
agendainthisfield.Thiswillinclude1)thecurrentandpotentialintegrationofproceduraljusticeinthe
procedures of human rights monitoring bodies; 2) the actual and potential role of human rights
monitoringbodiesaswatchdogsofproceduralfairness;3)themeritsandprospectsofentrenchingkey
proceduraljusticecriteriainthenormativeframeworkofhumanrights

EvaBremseva.brems@ugent.be
PANELProceduralJusticefromLocaltoGlobal:Quantitative,Qualitative,Normative
Thepanelwillpresentrecentresearchinthefieldofproceduraljustice.Paperswillfocusonprocedural
justice at the local level in police contacts, in courts, and outofcourt restorative justice as well as at
thegloballevelofinternationalhumanrightsadjudication.Thepanelwillmoreoverdiscussthemerits
ofdifferentmethodologiesinthefieldofproceduraljustice:quantitative,qualitativeandnormative.

EvaSchmereva.schomer@soclaw.lu.se
Swedenasocietyofcovertracism
SwedenisfrequentlydescribedbothasoneofthemostadvancedWesterncountrieswhenitcomesto
socialandeconomicequality,andasoneofthemostsegregatedwithrespecttogenderandethnicity.
Through an intersectional analysis of cases from the Swedish labour court I will illustrate how power,
oppression and discrimination are intimately involved in each other. I would argue that the tools of
intersectionality in the legal debate gives subordinated groups (primary woman) possibilities to
empowerment and liberation, while it's important to see peoples, as they are "complex individuals"
with multiple identities and not as the law suggest as single separated categories. While Swede n
(likewisealloftheotherNordiccountries)hasseparatedequalityandgenderequalityfromeachother,
the law has both created ideal types of woman, men, and foreigners, disabled and spread as a
smokescreenoverdifferencesbetweenthem.Iwouldarguethatthisconsciouschoicewhenitcomes
tonotseeing"theothers":akindofcovertracism,whichflourishesbecausenobodymakesaneffortto
rejectit.

FannyEkaterinaMontesGuzmanekamon88@yahoo.com.br
TheRiver,theArchetypeofForgetting.ArtGenderMemory
The following is a chapter of my Anthropology thesis. The research was done in a little town in
Colombiaweretheviolencehashadastrongpresenceinthelastsixtyyears.Itwasbasedonindepth
interviews to 20women and 20 men, focused on how they remember the period of La Violencia (the
violence,19481958)fivedecadesago,seekingiftherewasanygenderdifferenceinthewaythepast
was remembered. After two years of research, with Carl Jungs conception of archetypes, three
elementswerefoundinthedifferentnarrativesofthepopulationunderresearch:thebirds,themount
and the river. The distinctiveness resides on how and in what degree these images were presence in
thereminiscenceoftheviolentpastbywomenandmen.MenmademoreemphasisontheBirds(a
euphemistic designation used by the population to identify the paramilitary groups throughout the
recent Colombian history). However, women put more emphasis in the river (were the perpetrators
threw human bodies) and in the mountain (the place where the population hides from the
perpetrators). Each archetype was saturated with a variety of cultural information, and for this
occasionIwillpresentthedevelopmentofoneofthearchetypesworkedthroughouttheresearch:the
river.
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The disappearance of human bodies in rivers perpetrated by the different armed groups in Colombia
hasbeenapersistentelementinnearlyseventyyearsofwar(19482013).Theimageofabodyfloating
inariverhasbecomeaconstantinthedailynarrativesofviolencealloverColombiascountryside.This
image is not only persistent in the narratives of the memories from people who lived in the violent
period,butitispartoftheculture:books,movies,mythsandart.
This article, considering the river as an archetype, has the purpose of establishing a connection
betweentherootsofColombiansocietyahybridbetweenWesterncultureanddifferentindigenous
culturesandthenarrativeofviolence.Theexperienceofthepopulationwiththeriverisambivalent.
Whileontheonehandtheriversareanimportantfactorintheeconomyofthedifferentcommunities
(forfoodandasasourceofincome),ontheotherhandtheyhavebeenusedbytheperpetratorsasa
means of impunity. The disappearance of human bodies in rivers not only destroys the evidence, but
alsoleavesbehindaforebodingtotherestofthepopulationintheformofstolenmourning,fearand
silence.
Sometimes the aim of social science is to put in words something that is evident, to deconstruct and
denaturalize cultural elements. Two artistic expositions have worked with the image of the river as a
way of breaking the silence that massacres have imposed to the population: Magdalenas en el Cauca
and Rio Abajo. These two experiences highlight the relationship between women and oral memory,
representedinvisualart.

FatimaKastnerfatimabkastner@yahoo.de
The Justice Matrix: On the Worldwide Proliferation of Norms, Standards and Institutions of
TransitionalJustice
Since the mid1980s states that had been confronted with a bloody past have attempted to come to
terms with their history through transitional justice instruments such as ad hoc, special or hybrid
international criminal tribunals and truth and reconciliation commissions. Over a period of only thirty
years, more than fifty instances, mostly associated with periods of radical political change following
past oppressive rule, have occurred in countries of Latin America, Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern
Europe, and currently in an ArabIslamic state, like Morocco, too. Based on a conception of world
society theory the paper identifies international and translocal agents who contribute to this global
diffusion process of norms, standards and institutions of transitional justice and illustrates domestic
sociolegalimplicationsthroughananalysisofthecurrentprocessofdealingwiththelegacyofthepast
intheKingdomofMorocco.

FedeleCuculofedele_cuculo@iol.it
JuridicalCulturesandValueSystems:RemarksontheUncertaintyoftheLaw
Thepaperaimstodevelopareflectiononthepossiblewaysinwhichthejuridicalculturesarerelated
tothevaluesystemsoftheparticularcommunitiesandtheextensioninwhichthesereflexiverelations
arereflectedinthelevelsofuncertaintyoftheregulatoryframeworks.Inthisperspective,weaimsto
understand: whether the processuality is yet confirmed as authentic hallmark of the juridical; the
extenttowhichtheorganizationalcontextsofsomeinstitutionalstructurescanbringaboutanincrease
inthelevelsofineffectivenessofthelaw(forexample,thedecisionmakingstickinessoftheEuropean
Commission and the reinforcement of the lobbying phenomena; the possible contiguity between
lobbying and corruption; the articulated sensitivity, conveyed by the different utilitarianisms and
rationalities and developed in the contexts of the different value systems); the extent to which the
new globalized arrangements of the economic value production, inspired by renewed variants of the
ideaofeconomicrationality,areinfluencingtheeffectivenessofprotectionofthelabourrights.Inthis
background, appears the issues of the recovery for the law of its original functions in terms of
security regulator and the question around the practical and theoretical ways in which such purposes
canbeeffectivelypursued.

FerdinandoSpinaferdinando.spina@unisalento.it
PracticesofSelfRepresentationsandStrategiesofLegitimationoftheItalianJudges
The general expansion of the judicial power that most democratic regimes have experienced in the
pastfewdecadeshasoverlappedwithacrisisofsociallegitimationofthejudiciary,asaconsequence
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ofthenewbutproblematicalroleofjudgesandthecorrespondingideologicalconflict.Evenwithinthe
judicial bodies, these transformations have produced several tensions and dilemmas. Such uncertain
situation can be more easily observed in the Italian case, where the question of the judicial power
markedtherecentpublicdebatewithouttogetanadequateanswerneitherfrompoliticalpartiesnor
from legal scholars. By considering the aforementioned debate, what were the stances of the Italian
judges?Howdidtheyperceiveandrepresenttheirroleandfunctioninsociety?ByassumingItalyasa
relevantcasestudy,thispaperaimsatatwofoldtask:ontheonehand,toreviewthetheoreticaland
methodological issues raised by the studies on the selfrepresentations of the judiciary; on the other,
to examine texts and documents produced by Italian judges in the last decade in order to sketch out
thepracticesofrepresentationsandthestrategiesoflegitimationrelatedtothejudiciary.

FernandoLosadaFragafernando.losada@helsinki.fi
Arewecreditors,debtorsorboth?ImplicationsoftheinstitutionalizationofdebtrelationsintheEU
Europeisbuiltondebtrelations.However,beforethecrisisEUMemberStatesonlyplayedtheroleof
debtors when issuing national public debt and the role of creditors when engaging with developing
countries in the context of aid programs. After the crisis this scenario has changed. In addition to the
abovementioned roles, new debt relations have been established which affect EU Member States.
Nowadays they can for the first time be creditors and debtors of the same relationship, as in the
bailout programs. Moreover, they might even issue common European public debt, as will de facto
happeniftheECBactsaslenderoflastresort,ordejureifsomesortofEurobondsarefinallyadopted.
Giventhestructuraldifferencesbetweenthelegalrolesofcreditoranddebtor,newdivisionsbetween
EU Member States may arise resulting from the bailout programs, whereas some sort of solidarity is
required when issuing common bonds. The aim of this paper is to explore to what extent differences
between EU Member States have been institutionalized and to assess if they can jeopardize the
modicumofsolidarityrequiredtofurtherintegration.

FiammettaBonfiglifiammettabonfigli@msn.com/fiammetta.bonfigli@unim.it
Theapprovalofthe"AnteproyectodeLeyOrgnicadeproteccindelaseguridadciudana":acritical
analysisoncriminalizationofpoliticaldissentinSpain
In November 2013 has been approved a project for a new law about public security in Spain. This
project has been criticized by the Council of Europe as its accordance with democratic principles is
debatable, specifically regarding freedom of expression and freedom of demonstration. Drawing on
bothaFoucauldianand"CriticalDiscourseAnalysis"approachtodiscourseanalysis,thispaperaimsto
analysethewayinwhich,threeyearsafterthe15Mphenomenon,theattackonsocialmovementsis
brought by the Spanish Governement by introducing significative innovations on the previous Law on
PublicSecurityof1992.

FlviaCarletflaviacarlet27@gmail.com
Lasluchasquilombolasylademocratizacindelpoderjudicialbrasileo
ElpoderjudicialadquiriimportanciaenBrasilespecialmenteconlaConstitucinFederalde1988,que
propici una mayor utilizacin de la va judicial y la apertura para una actuacin ms democrtica de
lasinstituciones.Entrelosprincipalesavancesconstitucionalesestnelreconocimientodelderechoal
territorio de las comunidades quilombolas (descendientes de antiguos esclavos) y la garanta de
proteccin a su identidad y memoria. Despus de 25 aos de esta Constitucin, el Estado no ha
cumplido con los derechos constitucionalmente garantizados, contribuyendo al aumento de la
vulnerabilidaddeestascomunidadesylaintensificacindelosconflictosterritoriales.Porotrolado,los
grupos quilombolas han llevado sus reclamos a la arena jurdica, desafiando al poder judicial a
democratizarse y desempear un papel ms activo en favor de los derechos de ciudadana y la
superacin de las injusticias sociales. Este trabajo busca reflexionar sobre la democratizacin de la
justiciaenelcontextodelajudicializacindelosconflictosquilombolas.Secentraenelanlisisdeuna
reciente y emblemtica decisin a favor de la "Comunidad Invernada Paiol de Telha", con el fin de
comprender los sentidos emancipadores de esta decisin y su conexin con la profundizacin
democrticadelajusticia.

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FrancescaScamardellafrancesca.scamardella@gmail.com
Governanceintimeofglobalization:thekaleidoscopeofthelegalsystems
In the last decades the West has been deeply transformed by globalization: global markets have
replaced national economy and States are losing their legislative and executive powers. Global
economyisimposingitsownstandards,suchasthesocalledBrazilianizationoftheWest,consistingin
labour changes, inspired by Brazilian typical features (low wages, flexibility, insecurity, etc.). In a such
context a question arises: how the legal system is changing? Sociology of law has indicated legal
transformations in terms of soft law, such as lex mercatoria, codes of conduct, etc. This informal
systemseemstoconstitutealegalkaleidoscopewhereglobalandlocalactorsareinvolvedratherthan
aneffectivelegalsystem.Fromthisperspective,globalizationcanalsobeconsideredthelegalpremise
ofgovernance,asociolegalnarrationofcontemporaryWesternsocietiesbasedontheparticipationof
social parties to policy and lawmaking processes. The aim of this article is to focus on legal
transformationsintimesofglobalization,stressingrelationshipsbetweenglobalizationandgovernance
attitudesinencouragingthesocialactors'inclusiveparticipationtothelawpolicymakingprocesses.If
weconsidertheseinstrumentsasaformofgovernance,howwillitchangelegalperspective?Whatare
theconsequencestohumanrights?

Francesco Mazzeo Rinaldi fmazzeo@unict.it / Carlo Pennisi cpennisi@unict.it / Teresa Consoli


consoliteresa@gmail.com
Glocalwelfare:regulationandfamilyservicesinItaly
Notwithstandingtheeconomiccrisis,thespreadingofpublicspendingcutsmodelsandtheincreasing
of EU modes of governance of social services, there still persist strong national government structure
and decision systems as started in the '80s. In Italy, the endowment of social services still strongly
reflects a high regional variability and an "individualized" codification of needs. This is also due to a
nationallawonsocialservices(L.328/2000)that,atthebeginningoftheyear2000,overlappedwitha
constitutional federal reform (L.3/2001) leaving both reorganisations halfway. In this context some
areas of social policy, as the family and infancy area, can offer an interesting point of view on Italian
proceduresandgovernancemodes. Onthisarea,thelaw285(approvedbeforethenationallaw328)
hasenhancedplanningofsocialservicestominorsandtheirfamiliessincetheendofthe90sand,only
in some parts of the country, improved service provision, which were nationally compared and
assessed. In this paper we describe an experimental service provision, within the 285 law, which fully
reflectsorganizationalchangestowardsregionalandEuropean schemes. Thus,theimplementationof
avoucherbasedsystemdevisedatalargemunicipalityinsouthernItalywillbepresented.

FranciscoJavierDezdeUlzurrundesarrollo@berriztu.com
MediacinPenal
El proyecto de mediacin penal es una nueva alternativa interaccional creada por la Asociacin
Educativa Berriztu, dentro del marco de la justicia restaurativa, que trata de articular una respuesta
psicosocioeducativadeayudatantoalapersonainfractoracomoalapersonavctima.Laparticipacin
esvoluntaria,siendolaspersonaspenadaspropuestasdesdeelcentropenitenciario.Seestablecendos
procesosdetrabajoparalelos,cadaunoconpersonasmediadorasdiferentes,encaminadosaafrontar
la situacin vivida con el delito desde el punto de las relaciones humanas, afrontndolo desde sus
propiasvivencias.Laspersonasmediadorasutilizanlaentrevistapersonalcomorecursoprincipalpara
trabajar los contenidos con ambas personas. Segn los avances de cada persona y la superacin o no
delasfasesdelproceso,sepuedellegaraafrontareldelitodediversasmaneras.Lasposibilidadesde
mecanismos de conciliacin y/o reparacin del dao causado se establecen de forma individualizada
en las interacciones sobre las que trabajamos atendiendo a las personas que intervienen. En casos
donde no se puede contar con la participacin de la persona vctima, se utilizan otra serie de
estrategias con la persona penada que persiguen de manera similar el avance en el proceso de
reparacindeldaocausado.

GabrielEidelweinSilveiradr_silveira@yahoo.com
Judicialstandtaking:judicialbehaviorvssocialaction,atheoreticalcontroversy
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IcomparetheapproachesofjudicialbehaviorinAmericanpoliticalsciencesandsocialactiontheories
in European sociology. The attitudinal model holds that Court''s outcomes are based on ideological
attitudesandpoliticalpreferencesofthejudges,whichisclosetotheWeberian"rationalsocialaction
regarding to values" and, deeply speaking, to "socialization" theories. The new institutionalism brings
the judicial decision to its institutional context, concerning the frame of the institutional settings, the
judicial norms, etc., but it ignores the structuration of the legal field by a hierarchy of "capitals". The
rational choice theory affirms that judges base their decisions on strategic calculations, which are
seasoned by legal factors and institutional constraints. The strategic approach is truly close to the
Weberianconceptof"rationalsocialactionregardinggoals".Iendmystatementbymakingabalance
of gains and losses of the use each theoretical model to empirical research and essaying possible
"synthetic"solutions.

GabrielaFarinhagabasx@gmail.com
NewIdentitiesandsocialchange:SocialInteractionsbetweennunsandsexworkers
In 2012, integrated in the Lisbon's Public Budget, the Catholic order of the nuns Oblates of the Most
Holy Redeemer have elaborated, subscribed and presented a project for the creation of a "Safe
House":ahousetoberunbyacooperativeofsexworkers,wherewomencouldcontinuetheirsexual
activity but in a safe, protected and clean environment. The ongoing interactions between nuns and
sex workers might have led to the former's public project, which seems to represent a change in the
nun's usual approach to sex work and sex workers but also to the Portuguese dominant legal
abolitionist perspective, regarding the recognition and claim of "sex workers" legal rights. Does the
elaboration and presentation of the project "Safe House" entail the reproduction of the institutional
normativities of religion and law or a digression from them? Does it mean that somehow, from the
ongoinginteractionofthesetwogroupsofdistinctwomen,acollaborativeactionforsocialchangehas
occurred, pushing for the transformation of religious, legal and gender cultural and social structures?
The paper aims to present the first empirical and sociological theoretical findings of an ongoing
research project in which the controversy between duality/dualism of social structure and agency are
analyzedaswellasthemechanismsofsocialchangeandsocialreproduction.FollowingArcher'srealist
ontologyasametatheoryfortheanalysesoftheempiricalfield,themainconcernoftheprojectis,in
itsfirstphasetounderstand,howtheemergentproperties(constrainsandenablementsforcausesof
action) of the social structure (distribution of material resources; opportunities; capital modes of
production; work relations, organizations and institutions) and the cultural system (prepositions,
theories or doctrines) conditions the realization of nun's and the sex worker's vested interests. The
second moment of the analyses is focused on how, through the social and sociocultural interaction
between nuns and the sex workers, changes might have occurred in the way these women interact
with the social structure and cultural system's enablements and constraints. At this point the focus is
on the concept of social reflexivity, by critically reviewing Giddens's, Bourdieu's and Archer's theories
of the structure and agency divide. Did the ongoing interactions between nuns and sex workers,
influencedtheintrareflexivityofnunsandsexworkersabouttheirinnerselfandtheirownconditions?
If yes, what are the relations and mechanism between intra and interaction and reflexivity? Which
factors might allow the agent to be more or less reflexive about the social structures and cultural
constrainsandinwhichtermsreflexivity,andwhichkindofreflexivity,isafactorinvolvedintheinter
and interaction between the nuns and the sex workers? The third and last moment of the analyses
focus on the safe house project framed as a possible collective action of these women for claiming
legal and social rights. In summary, the paper will examine the connections between structural
causation and subject's causation, between intra and interaction and the mechanisms and social
practices of change of the religious, legal and gender structures, in order to understand how actors,
immersed in social and gender structures (as internalized normativities, interactional patterns or
normativeroles),mighthaveengagedinpracticesofsocialchangeandwhichfactorsandmechanisms
haveledtoit.

GermanoAndrDoederleinSchwartzgermano.schwartz@globo.com
TheMasterinLawandSocietyofUnilasalle
Brazilhadorganizeditspostgraduatededucationfollowingtheconceptofareas.CAPESistheBrazilian
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National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
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-23-
government section responsible to organize, to authorize and to evaluate postgraduate courses such
asMastersandDoctorateswhileINEPisitssimilarwhenwethinkaboutundergraduatecourseswhere
the teaching of Sociology of Law is mandatory since 1994. The gap is that until 2013 the Law area in
CAPEShadnoasingleMasterorDoctorateamongitsmorethan100coursesdevotedonlytosociology
of Law. The consequence is that the Sociology of Law course in undergraduate courses in Brazil was
usuallythaughtbynonspecialists,mostofthemcomingfromthefieldofPhilosophyofLaw.Theonly
course who was dedicated to Society and Law is allocated in the multidisciplinary area (Universidade
FederalFluminense).In2013,however,CAPEShasapprovedthefirstMasterinLawandSocietyofthe
Lawarea.ThepanelwilldemonstratetherecenthistoryoftheUnilasalleMasterinLawandSociety,its
mission,itsresearchlineanditsprojects.Itwillalsoopenadiscussionaboutpossibleagreementswith
otherspostgraduatescoursesaroundtheworldanditsroleinthedevelopmentofsociologyoflawin
Brazil.

GuillermoAndrsDuqueSilvaguillermo.duque@ucc.edu.co
Msalldelanudavida:ElsacrificiocomonuevopactosocialenlosEstadosContemporneos
En un dilogo permanente entre la filosofa y la sociologa jurdica, la ponencia presenta una serie de
argumentosquesostienenlaideadequeelsacrificiopuedeentendersehoycomoelprincipalvnculo
entreelciudadanoyelsoberano,comounrelevodelaclsicanocindelpactosocial.Partiendodela
evidenciasociolgicaqueimposibilitareducirlosconflictospolticosasimplespuntosdeinflexinque
los Estados necesitan para reorganizar su aparato jurdico y as poder 'resolver racionalmente', por
ejemplo, el problema del terrorismo y la amenaza nuclear, se plantea siguiendo al constitucionalista
norteamericano Paul Ka hn que el Estado liberal hoy es consciente de su propia finitud y devela el
rostro del soberano que decide a travs de l, en la exigencia de sacrificio. No se habla aqu de una
lite secreta que orienta 'mafiosamente' las acciones de los hombres, sino que del halo sagrado que
recubre los textos constitucionales, ilumina las mentes de los magistrados o simplemente dirige el
dedoordenadordellderpopulista.Sinimportarquetandemocrticoseaelrgimen,todosapelanala
soberanapopularparaexigiralciudadanosusacrificioenprocuradelasalvaguardiadelEstado.

HkanHydnhakan.hyden@soclaw.lu.se
TowardsaTheoryofLawandSocietalDevelopment
Whenwelookatdifferentsocietysystemsthroughahistoricalangle,wecanseethatthesocietal
developmentappearstobecyclical.Thesocietaldevelopmentcaninametaphoricalsenseberegarded
aswavesbreakingforth.Thetimeofdramaticchangewhichwearepresentlyexperiencingbetweenan
oldandoverlymatureindustrialsocietyandthecurrentinformationsociety,canforthesakeof
simplicity,bedescribedasasocietyintransition.Inthis,contradictionsappearbetweentheoldand
thenew.Tensionsarisebetweenpeoplewholivewithdifferentconceptionsoftheworlddependingon
wheretheyhavementallylocalizedthemselves.
The logic behind legal development tends to differ from societal development. The development of
normative and legal history is distinguished by its movements within the frame for bipolar opposing
pairs. I therefore call this for the locomotive of legal change. It combines two separate and
incompatible expressions. The metaphor of locomotive reflects this conflict between static and
dynamics,between positionandmovement.Thelocomotiveunitesthesynchronicandthediachronic
perspective. Whilst the locomotive moves forward, carriages are attached as the society undergoes
various developments. The direction of movement is the same in the entire industrialized world. The
differencesinspeedanddevelopmentdependson,amongstotherthings,therelationshipbetweenthe
differentbipolarnormativepositionsthatdecideoverthenormativefundamentalpattern.Thisisthen
related to a number of circumstances, from societal economic development level, institutional
traditionstotechnologicalconditions.

HannaDebskahannadebska86@gmail.com/TomaszWarczok
TheDualNatureofConstitutionalTribunalStatements
TheConstitutionalTribunal,muchlikeanyotherinstitutionofpower,featuresstrongpoliticalties.Itis
particularly well visible in the content of statements issued by the Tribunal. These statements, in a
fashion often unbeknown to the members of the public, carry ideas, vision, and perspectives
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influencing the totality of social and political perception. However, formallegal and hermeneutic
analysis of these statements are insufficient for uncovering the political level of the Tribunal's
discourse.Thereisaneedforabroaderanalysisofthesocialconditionsofdiscourseproductionmore
specifically,ananalysisofsocialfields,which,accordingtoPierreBourdieu,constituteakeycontextfor
creation of any meaning. Situated in the legal field, yet remaining within the scope of political
influence, the CT 'euphemises' the political discourse by hiding political contents behind the formal
legaldiscourse.Thisispossibledueto'censorship'ofanycommunicationwithinthelegalfield,asany
communicationinsaidfieldmayonlybeissuedusingformallegallanguage(itissimilarforphilosophy,
art,etc.).Consequently,'euphemisation'and,effectively,thehidingofpoliticalcontentsdonothaveto
involve bad faith on the part of the Tribunal (is not necessarily a result of, for example, cynical
manipulation). More importantly, the 'neutralisation via law' of the political discourse makes it
particularly effective. Such devoid of political stigma discourse (not openly expressing ideas or
opinions) is regarded as a fully rational and neutral description of reality. The elements which are
political in nature are transformed into basic, naturalised, and accepted as obvious dichotomous
classifications(legal/illegal,high/low,male/female,exclusive/public)categorieswhichdetermineand
inanimperceptiblewayimposeacertainwayofperceivingreality.Theabovedelineatedissuewillbe
illustrated by an analysis of notions like femininity and maternity constructed symbolically in
statementsmadebytheConstitutionalTribunal.

IagZendronMiolaiagezm@gmail.com
The monopoly of competition: lawyers, economists and the triumph of neoliberalism in antitrust
policyreforminBrazil
Theworldwidespreadofregulatoryagenciesandantitrustauthoritiesbetweenthe1980sand1990sis
oftenexplainedbylegalandeconomic scholarships,aswellassocioscientific studiesonthediffusion
of regulatory capitalism as the adoption by governments of modern technologies to avoid
undesirableoutcomesofafreemarket.Regulatoryreformsarepresentedascounterevidencetothe
existence of neoliberalism as a political and economic phenomenon, and to its utility as an analytical
concept. Based on a case study of antitrust policy reform in Brazil, it seems that rather than the
product of a necessary legal evolution, these regulatory instruments were actively disputed to be
functional to the structuring and legitimation of neoliberal tenets of economic concentration,
liberalization, and privatization. The paper reconstructs the politics of regulation that took place
aroundinitiativestoinstallamoderncompetitionagencyinBrazil,andtodetermineitsenforcement
parameters. A small group of corporate lawyers and mainstream economists managed to monopolize
theshapingofreform,resistingforcesthatcouldjeopardizetheconstitutionofamodernregulatory
system, and establishing the boundaries for decisionmaking. The strategies adopted by those agents
involved a strong professional control over appointments to regulatory positions, and the
internationalizationandeconomicizationofantitrustpolicy.

IagZendronMiola iagezm@gmail.com /EvorahCardoso/FabolaFanti


TheNameofthe(Legal)Rose:DiscussingTypologiesofLegalMobilizationinBrazil
Law and society scholarship has historically detected different forms of legal mobilization by social
movements, NGOs, legal clinics, among others. To each experience correspond particular theoretical
influences, political conceptions, forms of organization and practice. A myriad of concepts has been
deployed to characterize these experiences: public interest lawyering, cause lawyering, strategic
litigation, etc. How useful are these typologies in conceptualizing such variety, especially in contexts
otherthanthatfromwheretheyemerged?Whatdothesevariousformsoflegalmobilizationhavein
common, and in what do they differ? We attempt to answer these questions through an empirical
study of legal mobilization in Brazil, based on interviews with 103 organizations nationwide. An
enormous variety of organizational dynamics and perceptions about the kind of lawyering they
perform was found: from highly professionalized and internationalized human rights organizations, to
grassroots lawyering experiences connected to social movements. Based on this profile of legal
mobilization in Brazil, we discuss the available typologies and their shortcomings in conceptualizing
thesephenomena.Wesuggestthatthedifferentexperiencescorrespondto"zonesofinfluence"which
congregate specific forms of practice. While some of these "zones" are imported, such as strategic
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IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
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litigation,othersare"native",suchas"advocaciapopular".

IdaNafstadida.nafstad@soclaw.lu.se
ConceptionsofviolenceintheWestBank
Recently returned from a three months fieldtrip to the West Bank, I would like to present some new
empirical findings and preliminary analysis from my post doc research project. The objective of the
researchprojectistoexamineconceptionsofandresponsestoviolenceina(post)colonialsocietywith
legal pluralism, where the formal criminal justice system is weak. The fieldwork was carried out as
ethnographic studies of a variety of court cases formal, customary, military and interviews with
divers actors in the security and human rights sector operating in the West Bank in Palestine. The
analysis is drawn on perspectives from postcolonial theory, critical criminology and soc iology of law.
My hope is to demonstrate how this study can bring new knowledge about: Conceptions of violence,
andvariouswaysofresponding toit; therelationshipbetween conceptions ofviolence,socialcontrol
and power structures organizing societies; social control in the West Bank under occupation; and the
relationshipbetweenwesternideasofjusticeandsocialcontrolintheglobalsouth.

IgnacioAymerichOjeaojeda@uji.es
Sociological prerequisites of human rights effectiveness. Some reflections on the methodology of
humanrightsindicators
In the design of methodologies for assessing the effectiveness of human rights, the ongoing debate
among social and legal scientists is reaching some consensus in regard to statistical indicators. Taking
as starting point the international human rights standards, indicators should evaluate three basic
dimensions:commitment,effortsandresults(HumanRightsIndicators:AGuidetoMeasurementand
Implementation Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rightsp 33). What lies outside of such a
methodologyarethesociologicalprerequisitesfortheeffectivenessofhumanrights.Itwouldn'tmake
sense, for instance, to try to assess human rights in failed states like Somalia, where no such
prerequisitesaremet.Itisnecessarytohavearuleoflaw,withthefeaturesthatyouwouldexpectto
institutions like this : the monopoly of legitimate violence , a minimum of legal certainty, a basic tax
systemwhichensurestate''sstability,etc.Thepurposeofthispaperistopresentabasicmodelingof
thepreconditionsofthecommitmentofstatestointernationalhumanrightsstandards,inopendialog
withsomecontributionsofsociologicaltheory:Durkheim,Weber,EliasorLuhmann.

IkerBarberoiker.barbero@ehu.es
Scapegoatcitizensintimesofausterity:ImpactofthecrisisonthemigrantpopulationinSpain
Leaningon EnginIsinscriticalperspectiveofthecitizenshipregime,thisarticlearguesthatunderthe
circunstances of crisis and austerity that harry Europe, the "migrant" is constructed as a disposable
category, not only to balance the labor market and welfare state, but also to reinforce the notion of
thenationalcitizenasasujectofrights.Apparentlytheeconomiccrisishasnotyetproducedalarming
cases of racism and social conflict in Spain. However, as we shall analyse, there are some facts that
indicate that from the institutional politics "migrants" are considered one of the first populations to
disposeofintimesofcrisis.Preferenceofnationalsamongtraditionalpartiesandtheriseofpolitical
parties with antiimmigrant agendas are increasing. Unemployment rates among the foreign born
populationaredisproportionatecomparedwiththoseofthenativepopulation.Migrationpoliciesthat
linkresidencepermittothepossessionofanemploymentcontracthaveresultedindisturbingratesof
irregularity. Health regulations are amended to prevent irregular migrants from accessing universal
health care. Police raids occur in public places to detain and expel undocumented immigrants, and
"hospitality" towardsirregularmigrantsisconsideredacriminal offensebyanewreforminthePenal
Code.Asaparaleltrendthatisrepeatedinothereuropeancountries,intimesofausterity,alienating
technologiessuchasdeplectionofuniversalrights.

IkerBarberoiker.barbero@ehu.es /CristinaBlanco cristina.blanco@ehu.es


LegalStrategiesinTransnationalSocialSpaces.ThecaseofAndeanmigrantsintheBasqueCountry
Transnationalism, understood as the creation of links and social networks that migrants maintain
throughtheboundariesoftwoormoreStates,isanareachallengingsociolegalresearchsinceitraises
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a number of questions such as: How do those transnational links affect legal, political and social
institutions of both the origin and receiving countries? How these States respond to these
transnational practices? This paper tries to advance some of the answers, as far as possible, to these
questions.Theoverallobjectivesofthisresearcharetoestimatetheimpactofpublicpoliciesandlegal
statusontransnationalpracticesaswellastoanalyzethelegalstrategiesthatmigrantsfromthesome
Andean countries (Colombia, Peru and Ecuador) develop in the transnational space. All this according
to the data obtained through a sourvey conducted in 2013 to more than six hundred Andean people
livingintheBasqueCountry.

IngkeGoeckenjaningke.goeckenjan@uos.de
NewPunitivenessinJuvenileCriminalLawCurrentDevelopmentsinGermany
Germany looks back on a long time tradition of a specific juvenile justice system. It is aligned to the
conceptsofspecialpreventionandeducation.Butrecentlyitseemsthatthislegalpolicyischanging.In
March 2013 new regulations concerning juvenile criminal sanctions have entered into force. They
increase the maximum penalty for the 18 to 20yearolds and, more importantly, allow the
combinationofashorttermdetention(Jugendarrest)withasuspendedprisonsentenceameasure
thathadpreviouslybeenrejectedbyresearchersandpractitionersalmostunanimously.Thepaperwill
present the legislative modifications and will critically discuss the underlying changes in legal policy.
Furthermore it will be asked how the legal amendments are put into practise by the German juvenile
criminalcourts.Therecentdevelopmentswillbeinterpretedusingtheconceptofpunitiveness.The
paper is therefore deeply linked to the findings I have gained as a visiting scholar at the Oati
InternationalInstitutefortheSociologyofLawinMarch2013workingontheconceptofpunitiveness.

IigoBullaininigo.bullain@ehu.es
TheMediterraneanareainglobaleconomyandpolitics
Both shores, north and south, of the mediterranean have lived apart for very long. Shortly after the
Roman Impire disolved, both christianism and islam, framed a limus that lasted for centuries.
Afterwardsimperialismanddemocracy,submissionandteocracydividedusacrossculturallines.Today
division persits. But the ongoing trend towards globalisation may promote a common reference for
both sides and bring more and more common references. The framework that the global process
procures could be a new frame to approach people from both shores. It maybe not and endogenous
butanexternalforce,thatwichcouldbringuscloser.TheworldisonanewshapingwhereEurope,the
Atlantic and the Mediterranean will be outskirted. In my opinion, that approaching risk could be a
commongroundforrethinkingourpositionsandacommonfloorfordiscussion.

IrynaChatsverykovachetverykova@gmail.com
GenderandSentencinginRussianCriminalCourts
Using data on 1.5 million defendants prosecuted in the Russian criminal courts in 2009 1st half of
2010, I examine how sex, marital status, the presence of dependent children affect the sentencing
decision. The findings indicate that women face lower odds of incarceration than men. Being married
decreases odds of incarceration independently from defendant's sex. Some factors have opposite
effects when "in/out" and lengthofsentence decisions are considered. For example, women with
dependents have lesser odds of incarceration, but face longer sentences than woman without
dependents.Aswellasfamilyrelatedfactors,someoftheotherlegalandextralegalfactorsdonotwei
gh equally for male and female defendants. Committing crimes under the influence of alcohol
decreasestheoddsofincarcerationformen,whilebeingundertheinfluenceofdrugsincreasesthem.
For women, however, these factors were not significant. The results of this research suggest that
judges' treatment of male and female defendants rests not only on blameworthiness and practical
constraints of court functioning, but also on the idea of community protection. The findings support
the "focal concern" model of legal decisionmaking (Steffensmeier, Ulmer, Kramer, 1998) and show
howdatafromRussiancourtsystemcorrespondstoit.

IsuskoVivasZiarrustaIsusko.vivas@ehu.es
Civitates (Orbis) Oceanicum: itsas ondoko hiriespazioak Euskal Herrian. Izaera estetikodun mugalde
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sinbolikoakBaionaetaBilboartean
Civitates (Orbis) Oceanicum: los espacios urbanos del Pas Vasco en el borde litoral. Fronteras
simblicasdeidentidadestticaentreBayonayBilbao
Civitates (Orbis) Oceanicum: des espaces urbains du Pays Basque au bord de la mer. Frontires
symboliquesdidentitesthtiqueentreBayonneetBilbao
Antropologiaren ikuspegitik, urertzen okupazioa gertakizun historiko eta kultural garrantzizkoa izan
da, komunitate humanoak ezartzen ziren tokietan, inguruneak baliabide naturalak ustiatzea posible
egiten zuenean. Abiapuntu honek litoraleko izaera esanguratsua markatu du, zenbaitetan kostako
paisaiarenegituraketanatzemangarriaizandena,hainzuzen.Esandakoakgureganainohelduzaizkigun
ingurumari antropikoen irudia zeharo mugatu eta baldintzatu du, maiz kultura bizi eta aldakorraren
baitansumatudezakegunez.
Aipaturiko baieztapenek, barneegiturazko euskarriei buruz galdetuz laburbildu ditzakegun hipotesi
sorta planteatzera garamatzate; egun eta sarri askotan berrasmatua izaten ari den errealitate
bihurturiko imaginarioa sostengatzen duten oinarriak, alegia. Delako aferak kosta parteko hiri
espazioetan aurkitzen ditugun elementu estetiko eta artistikoen balioak euskarritzen dituzten hartu
eman soziokulturalak deskubritzera eta ikertzera bultzatzen gaitu: batik bat monumentua, eskultura
publikoa, hirialtzari estetiko bilakatuak eta ondare materialaren testigantza ematen diguten
objektuak; aspaldi funtzio erabilgarriak betetzen zituztenak baina gaur egun aldiz, beraien
testuingurutikat,osagarrieszenografikogisaapaingarritasunerakosoilikerabiliakdirenak.
Ikuspuntu biek, aipatu elementuen alderdi sentikorrak eta euren existentziaren oinarri estrukturalak
arakatzea,identifikatzeaetaikertzeaexijitzendigute.Ikerketarenesparruak,beraz,Bilbo,Donostiaeta
Baiona hiriburuak barnebiltzen ditu; urertzetan aurkitu dezakegun itsas kulturaren agerpen
sinbolikorakoplazaeskenatokiapartak.

Giltzahitzak: hiria, muga, urertza, identitatea, memoria, estetika, sinboloa, irudizkoa (imaginarioa),
itsaskultura,kostaldekoEuskalHerria.

____________________________________________________________________________

Desdeelpuntodevistaantropolgico,hasidounhechohistricoyculturalrelevantelaocupacinde
losbordesfluvialesconelasentamientodecomunidadeshumanas,alldondeelmediolopermitayse
dispona de recursos naturales para su explotacin. Este origen ha marcado una fuerte personalidad
caractersticadellitoral,quehareverberadoenmltiplesmanifestacionesconfigurandoelpaisajedela
costa.Locualcondicionalaimagendelosentornosantropizadosquenoshasidolegada,circunstancia
quecontemplamosenelsenodeunaculturavivaycambiante.
Estas afirmaciones nos conducen a plantear una serie de hiptesis que podemos resumir
preguntndonossobrelasbasesestructurales,detipocultural,socialehistricoenlasquesesustenta
larecreacindeunimaginarioreinventadoyhechorealidadenlaactualidad.Dichacuestinnosincita
adescubriryanalizarlasinteraccionesdendolesocioculturalenlasqueseasientalapuestaenvalor
de los elementos estticos y artsticos que encontramos en los espacios urbanos costeros:
monumento, escultura pblica, mobiliario estetizado y objetos testimoniales de patrimonio material
conunaclarafuncindeusoenelpasado,peroquehansidodescontextualizadosyreconvertidosen
complementosescenogrficosornamentales.
Ambas perspectivas exigen descifrar, localizar y estudiar tanto la parte tangible de los elementos
citadoscomolasbasesestructuralesdesuexistencia.Elcampodeestudioconciernealasciudadesde
Bilbao,DonostiaSanSebastinyBaiona;escenariosdeplasmacinsimblicadelaculturalmartimaen
losfrentesdeagua.

Palabras clave: ciudad, frontera, frente de agua, identidad, memoria, esttica, smbolo, imaginario,
culturamartima,PasVascolitoral.

____________________________________________________________________________

Dupointdevueanthropologique,loccupationdesbordsfluviauxpardescommunautshumainesaeu
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une relevance historique trs importante. Il a t ncessaire laccs et lexistence des ressources
naturellespourlexploitationdumilieu.Cepointdedpartamarquunefortepersonnalitdulittoral,
ce qui a fleur dans multiples manifestations en configurant le paysage de la cte. Cela conditionne
limage des environnements anthropiques hrits, circonstance qui est prsente dans le sein dune
culturevivanteetchangeante.
Ces affirmations nous conduisent poser une srie dhypothses qui peuvent se rsumer autour des
relations produites et mises en pied avec le but de mettre en oeuvre la rcration dun imaginaire
rinvent dans lactualit. Cette question nous incite dcouvrir et analyser les interactions
socioculturellessurlesquellessebaselamiseenvaleurdeslmentsesthtiquesetartistiquesquon
trouve dans les espaces urbains ctiers: des monuments, des sculptures publiques, du mobilier
esthtiqueetdesobjetstestimoniaux:unpatrimoinematrielavecuneclairefonctionetutilitdans
le pass. Aujourdhui on constate une mise hors du contexte et une nouvelle fonction comme
complmentsscnographiquesornementaux.
Les deux perspectives antrieures nous amnent dchiffrer, localiser et analyser le ct le plus
tangibledeslmentstrouvs,aveclebutdclaircirlesbasesstructurellesdeleurexistence.Lechamp
dtude concerne les villes de Bilbao, DonostiaSaint Sbastien et Baiona; scnarios de concrtisation
symboliquedelaculturemaritimesurlesfrontsdeau.

Mots clef: ville, frontire, front deau, identit, mmoire, esthtique, symbole, imaginaire, culture
maritime,PaysBasquelittoral

ItziarMujikaitzi.m.85@gmail.com/itziar.mujika@ehu.es
Prosecucin de la Violencia Sexual contra las Mujeres en mbitos de conflicto armado. De lo
InternacionalaloLocal.ElCasodeKosovo
Mientraslaviolenciasexualcontralasmujeresenmbitosdeconflictoarmadoesunodelosmayores
obstculos a los que se enfrenta en la actualidad la sociedad internacional (de la mano del Tribunal
Internacional de Justicia como de diversos instrumentos a nivel regional, estatal y local) tanto su
prosecucin como su enjuiciamiento siguen siendo una ardua tarea en todos los niveles. El caso de
Kosovo supone un claro ejemplo de ello. Mientras la violencia sexual contra las mujeres fue utilizada
como arma de guerra de forma sistemtica y en muchos casos tambin de forma organizada, su
prosecucinyenjuiciamientosehaconvertidoenunprocesollenodeobstculos:desdeelestigmaala
falta de voluntad social y poltica, as como las dificultades de las vctimas para acceder a los rganos
legalesyjudiciales,enlaactualidadnosetieneunnmerorealdelacantidaddevctimasdeviolencia
sexual contra las mujeres durante el conflicto (aunque ste vare entre 10.000 y 20.000). Es ms: a
catorceaosvistadelfindelconflictoarmadonadiehasidoprocesadoporestoscrmenes.Estetrabajo
pretende analizar, desde una perspectiva feminista, la prosecucin de la violencia sexual contra las
mujeres en mbitos de conflicto armado a travs del anlisis del caso kosovar. El anlisis se realizar
partiendo de una lgica deductiva, uniendo as realidades tanto internacionales como locales con el
objetivo de buscar conexiones y/o desconexiones, con el objetivo de poder analizar, as, diversas
realidades,dificultadesy/ooportunidadesproducidasporestosprocesos.

IvanAugustoBaraldiivanbaraldi@gmail.com
MobilizationsaboutsexualandreproductivehealthandrightsandlegalizationofabortioninBrazil
Inthelastdecades,humanrightsvalues,languageandnormshavegainedprominenceinlaw,politics
andsocialactivisminBrazilandLatinAmerica.Thelegalmobilizationofhumanrightsinvolvesseveral
typesandlevelsofrelationshipsanddiscursivepractices,includingsexualandreproductivehealthand
rights (SRHR), that are human rights in accordance to the International Conference on Population
Development (ICPD, 1994). However, abortion is considered a crime in Brazil and at most Latin
American countries, where it can be realized just in few situations, and where many women die
becauseofunsafeprocedures.Thus,thispaperseekstodiscusstheworkofBraziliannongovernmental
organizations (NGOs) that have criticized the problems about the criminalization of abortion in the
country. ThisisapartofaPhDresearchthatis concernedwith articulatingthediscussionofabortion
with the mobilization of these Brazilian NGOs on the issue and realizing how this mobilization is
articulated.TheaimistoanalyzewhatarethestrategiesusedbytheseorganizationstodiscussSRHR
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and the consequences resulting from the criminalization of abortion in three different Brazilian cities:
Braslia(Midwestregion),SoPaulo(Southeastregion)andRecife(Northeastregion).

JackMeakinjack.meakin@live.co.uk
Reasoning in Practice: The Judge as Individual Actor and the Artificiality of Legal
SymbolismandAutonomy
Legaltheoristscreateartificialarenasorusecertaintoolsandconceptstoproblematiseandthen
analyse.Whilejudicialsymbolsrangingfromlanguagetowigsdisguisepersonalagency,enhancethe
legitimacyofadjudication,anddeceivescholars
1
.Thispaperwillconsiderconceptualisationsof
adjudicationinordertosituatethelegalfieldfirmlywithinthesocialworld.Bourdieudescribeslegal
symbolismasinstrumentsofdomination,
2
opposedtoknowledgealone,andarewhatMarxdefined
asideologies.Bourdieuregardsthesesymbolsaspromotersofneutrality,togivedecisionmakersthe
authoritytodefinesocialrelationsandcategoriesasopposedtomerelyreflectthem.
3
Fromthiswe
mayidentifyanassumptionthatsuchsymbolsarenegativeorpromotehomogeneity,Idonotintend
toanalysethepolemicoflawslegitimacyandthenecessityofsymbolism.However,througha
recognitionoflawsheterogeneity,itwillbearguedthatsymbolsactnotforadefinable,autonomous
ideologybuttocoverthepoliticaldecisionsoftheindividual.Thisviewslaw,notasapredominant
ideology,butsubjecttocompetingpoliticalclaims.

Thiswillrequireaninitialreappraisaloflawasasocialproduct.Toaconsiderationofthemultiple
considerationsofjudgesthroughanexplicationofDworkinsmythicalcharacter,Hercules.The
recognitionthatindividualconceptionsofnormativetermsincludingjusticeandfairnessinfluence
judicialdictumbeginstobreakdowntheviewthatlawisautonomousfromthesocialworld.Finally,
claimsthataformofautonomyexistsduetothesocialisationofjudicialactors,leadingtothecreation
ofaspecificformofdomination/ideology.Willberebuffedthroughanillustrationofthejudicial
habitusandfieldnotashomogenousbutsubjecttocompetingsocietalclaims,aswellasdiverse
individualconceptionsofjustice.Thelattersupportedwherelegalprecedentisnotlinearbutsubject
todebateanddiversions.Lawsautonomymerelyservestolegitimatejudicialaction,meaningthe
practicalrealityofdeliberationcannotnotbereducedtoacademicallyconvenientvariables.

JairoVladimirLlanoFrancojairoderecho1@hotmail.com
HacialapropuestadelEstadocosmopolitaypluralistaenAmricaLatina
El artculo expondr como la promulgacin de constituciones en las ltimas dcadas del siglo XX y la
primera del siglo XXI por parte de los Estados de Amrica Latina permitieron la configuracin de
distintomodelosdeEstadoquefueronimplementadosconciertasatisfaccinenelNorteglobalcomo
el Estado legislativo, social, neoliberal y constitucional de derecho, pero que su trasplante para el
contextolatinoamericanollevaquefuncionaranamediasenunoscasosyfracasaranenotrosdebido
a la compleja realidad de la regin; recientemente los Estados latinoamericanos han venido
implementando un modelo ms acorde a su realidad sin desconocer los aportes de estos distintos
modelos de Estado que estn plasmados en sus constituciones, es as como surge la propuesta del
Estado cosmopolita y pluralista que pretende configurar una Amrica Latina con transformaciones
internas que minimicen la desigualdad, los conflictos sociales y promuevan la integracin regional sin
desco nocer las diferencias culturales y en lo externo adquieran protagonismo convirtindose en
referenteparainnovarenlasrelacionesglobalesyelproyectodehumanidad.

JanetMcknightjrm40@kent.ac.uk
POSTERTHEMES:Globalisation,PostConflictSocieties,TransitionalJustice
ImagesofTransition:SeeingPostConflictJusticeasaSocialPhenomenon
This poster will illustrate the relationship between international law, social theory, and postconflict

1
Latour, B, The Making of Law: An Ethnography of the Conseil DEtat, Polity Press, 2010
2
P, Bourdieu, L, Wacquant, An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology, The University of Chicago
Press, Chicago 1992 p.13
3
ibid. p.14
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societies transitioning from war to peace and from instability to stability. Working from these key
themes of my doctoral research, my visual will explain how different aspects of postconflict
transition can be seen as social (rather than purely legal) phenomena. I will use a range of images,
graphics, and text to show how these social phenomena occur at the local level, but are ultimately
affected and shaped by the existence of other social phenomena, primarily globalisation and global
legalpluralism.Thekeyaimistopresentaclearpictureofhowpostconflictlegalprocesses,suchas
international criminal prosecutions and local tribal councils, can be understood in terms of various
actors involved in creating and experiencing a justice process within society. My poster will highlight
severalcasestudiesofpostconflicttransitionsinAfricancontextstodemonstratehowsociologically
informedapproachesarevitalforanalysingpostconflictlawanddevelopment.
ThisposterisanextensionofmyarticleentitledTheTheatreofLaw:UnderstandingHowLawActsas
aSocialPhenomenon,forthcomingintheQualitativeSociologyReview.

JenniferBalintjbalint@unimelb.edu.au
Lawasasiteofjusticeforcolonialharms
This paper examines the dynamic of law as a site of justice and injustice in relation to colonial harm,
how law is both turned and returned to in addressing these forms of harm. It considers when legal
findingsresonateandcanbeheard,andthelimitationsofstatelawinsteeringasocietywherecolonial
structures remain unchanged. Despite the use of law as a key tool in the subjugation of peoples,
particularly in colonialism, law continues to be turned to as a site of justice. The paper examines two
Australiancasestudiesoftheuseoflawinaddressingcolonialharms:the1881CoranderrkInquiry,and
the1998SupremeCourtcasebroughtbytheAboriginalTentEmbassy.Itshowshowlawwassoughtas
adominantsiteofjustice,andthatbothcaseshadimportantfindings,butthatthesefindingshadlittle
politicalorsocialtraction.Itconsiderswhenlawsucceedsandwhenitfailsataddressingsuchharms.
Whatisinterestingisthattherecordoflawremains.

JiPibpriban@cf.ac.uk
Polity as Constitutional Law's Community: On the Expressive Function and Symbolism of National
andTransnationalConstitutions
Using Cotterrell's concept of law's community, the author argue that constitutional polity is internally
constructedbyconstitutionallawasitsspecificcommunity.Theconceptofpolityasthecommunityof
thesovereignpeopleiscommonlyassociatedwithmodernnationsandthenationstate.However,itis
not the ultimate foundation of law and politics and the guardian of its values and legitimacy. The
semantics of constitutional polity is not limited by the nation state and national imagination and
equallycanleadtotheconstitutionofspecificpolitiesofsupranationalandtransnationallaw.

Joo Pedroso jpedroso@ces.uc.pt / Paula Casaleiro pcasaleiro@ces.uc.pt / Patrcia Branco


patriciab@ces.uc.pt
FemaleJuvenileDelinquency:selectionandtrajectorieswithinthePortuguesejudicialsystem
Studieshaveshownthereisadoublebiasinthejuvenilejusticesystem,althoughthereisnoconsensus
whether girls are treated in a more severe or benevolent manner than boys. Given an increase in the
numberofyouths,bothfemaleandmale,selectedforinterventionbythejudicialsystem,althoughin
differentproportions,andthatjuveniledeviantbehaviors,particularlyfromgirls,areasocialproblem
with increasing visibility, especially in urban spaces, it is necessary to characterize who signals the
deviant behavior, who is selected by the police and judiciary and by which behaviors , and the
responses of Juvenile Jus tice considering gender and alleged conduct . The aim of this paper, an
outputoftheresearchproject"FemaleJuvenileDevianceandCrime"(CES,Coimbra),istodevelopan
assessment of the practical application of Lei Tutelar Educativa (Educational Guardianship Law ) in
Portugal , making both the sociodemographic and economic characterization of selected female
youthsandattributedbehaviors,andmechanismsofselection,performanceandmeasuresappliedby
thejudicialsystem,comparingtoboys,byanalyzingasampleofproceedingsfromFamilyandJuvenile
CourtsinthemetropolitanareaofLisbon,decidedin2012.

JohannaSchnhferlwjas@leeds.ac.uk
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DeterminantsofVictimCenteredApproachestoHumanTrafficking.ACrossNationalComparison
The United Nations Supplementary Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Human
Beings, Especially Women and Children to the Convention Against Transnational And Organized Crime
adopted in 2000 is the most important regime to combat human trafficking. It imposes a
comprehensive set of measures to prevent the occurrence of trafficking, to prosecute and punish
traffickers,andtoprotectvictimsoftraffickinguponratifyingstates.
Comparative research on compliance to the Trafficking Protocol is largely based on international
relation theories. The idea that policy output might also be the result of the interplay of forces of
different internal political actors and circumstances within a state has thereby been neglected. My
paper tries to contribute to this gap by looking at the influence of the ratio of female members of
parliament, the parliaments average position towards disadvantaged populations, and political
constraintsforstatecompliancetovictimprotectionasproposedintheTraffickingProtocol.Iwillrun
timeseriescrosssectionanalysiswithasampleof35EUandOECDcountriesduring20002010.

JohnBrighamjohn.brigham@gmail.com
TheConstitutionoftheImageandtheImageoftheConstitution
An international perspective on constitutions is challenging. By their nature constitutions depend on
localknowledgeandinstitutions.Butsomecharacteristicscanbecomparedacrossboundaries.Oneis
the extent to which constitutional systems rely on images. The realm where images are instructive
includescourts,judges,proceedingsanddecisions.Sociologyofconstitutionsandconstitutionalism.In
the United States the proceeding of the Supreme Court are not televised. In Australia the entire High
Courtlookslikeatelevisionset.Thispaperwillengageaninternationalinquiryintotheroleofimages
inconstitutionallaw.

JosAntonioAcevedoacevedojoseantonio@yahoo.com.ar
Micromachismos,elvalordelaidentidad.
Es propsito del presente trabajo formular un recorrido por las variables que se perciben, en un
conjuntodeideas,queconfluyenparadarvaloreidentidadalasprcticasmicromachistas.
Preocupaalaspersonas,desgarraalasfamilias,ocupaalasfuerzasdeseguridad,esmateriadeanlisis
delosprofesionales,convocaaespecialistas,estpresenteenlacomunicacindenuestrassociedades,
se refleja en los medios de comunicacin; el machismo mata y tiene un valor, los micromachismos se
insertanenlapropiaidentidaddesusactores.Hemosdeprocurarunrecorridoporlosespaciosdonde
semanifiesta,alreconocerloeinterpretarsusvariables,conoceremoslalegitimidaddesusprcticas.
El ejercicio democrtico conlleva la complejidad que no esclarece en sus relaciones la presencia de
normalismos, en la esencia de las leyes, que el sistema propicia. El ejercicio de derechos, plantea la
resolucindeasimetrasenlasrelaciones,elpoderparaderrotaraquin?,enqu?;essolounare
peresentacindelosdesequilibriosennuestrassociedadesquepostulanlainclusinsocial.
Sidejamoscaernuestramiradasobrelaidentidadmasculina,el"yosoy",enunaculturapatriarcalque
transita el valor de la dignidad, el aspecto deshabitado de la otredad machista, los sistemas de
creenciasysutransmisin;hemosdevisibilizaryvivirlatensindelvalordeloencubierto.
Ingresaremosaldebateconceptualdeunaportetericoparaenfrentarunprocesodecambioycrisis,
en el cual la presencia de las minoras, su dominacin, el interjuego de obediencias; alcanza a
identificar la calidad de vida, esclarecer el significado de vivir en riesgo y transitar un plano de la
existencia,elvalordelasubjetividad;paraponerencuestinelvalorqueotorgamosalapropiedaden
unsistemaquesehadadoenllamarcapitalismo,queinterpelalasopciones,loslmitesintrnsecosyla
capacidadderespuestaparalaaccin,elejerciciodelpensamientoysusefectosenlatransformacin.

JosuXabierLarrinagaArzajosuxabier.larrinaga@ehu.es
PopMusikaetaMemoriaSozioPolitikoa:BideErtzeanenKasua
Popmusikakislatuetaperformatuedoaurreikusiegitenditugizarteareneboluzioarenhainbatgertaera
eta prozesu, hala nola ikus daiteke euskal pop musikaren ibilbide historikoa aztertuz. XX mendeko
EuskalHerrikohistoriagatazkatsuanaskotarikoakizandiragertaerabortitzaketagauregungaihonek
badu protagonismo berezia ezbai publikoan, esparru politikoan, mediatikoan eta baita akademikoan
ere. Pop musikaren esparruan ere eduki du isla debate honek, Bide Ertzean taldearen diskoek eta
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zuzenekoemanaldiekerakustendutenbezala.

JoxerramonBengoetxeajoxerramon.bengoetxea@ehu.es
TheSpanishforeclosurecrisis:interlockinglegalordersandfields
Overindebtednessisarelativeconcept.Itconveysabundleoflegal,economicandsocialsituationsand
calls for solutions from all these domains and spheres. One of the legal techniques to address this
problem is by means of consumer protection, which brings with it a European dimension. The paper
will analyze the situation of overindebtedness in relation to mortgages and foreclosures in Spain, and
willincorporateexperiencesfromotherEuropeancountries.Legaltransplantshavebeensuggestedas
possible solutions. The Nordic experience is especially relevant. Also, social mobilization and protests
have called for a special voice for citizens in the legislative process. However, different interests and
stakeholders pull in different directions when it comes to finding adequate solutions. Sometimes
national legal and procedural obstacles get in the way of equity and fairness in addressing the
problems and social and personal consequences of overindebtedness. However Europ ean Union law
affords some way of relief, and the imaginative use of law by the legal actors can provide interesting
insightsontheinterlockinglegalfieldsandsystems.

JulianaNeuenschwanderMagalhesjneuewander@yahoo.com.br
TheInfluenceofNiklasLuhmanninBrazilianSociologyofLaw
ThepresentpanelwilltrytodemonstratehowtheworkofNiklasLuhmannwasusedbyBraziliansocio
legal scholars and also how they have taken the social system theory as an important theme of
sociology of Law in Brazil. In this sense, will discuss its influence and its enemies in order to
establishhowthissupertheoryhasbeencreatedenormousimpactinLawinBrazil.

KarlDahlstrandKarl.dahlstrand@soclaw.lu.se
Theleakinglaw
The paper takes its starting point in the question of how damages for violation through crime is
determined by the law. Damages for violation is a type of nonpecuniary damage and the non
pecuniarydamagestocrimevictimsisthedominatingtypeofthesedamagesinSwedishtortlaw.Yet
there is a fundamental uncertainty about the computation of damages and what is really meant by
"violation"inthemeaningofthelaw.Thegeneralopinionwithinthelegalprofessionisthatthereisa
lack of norms to compute the damages when it comes to compensation for violation, as the
incommensurabilitybetweentheviolationandthefinancialcompensation.Theanalysisandtheresults
frommyempiricalstudyshowseveralcentraldichotomiesasbetweenformalandinformalnormsand
betweentheinternalandexternalviewuponlaw.Butthisisnotsimplymeantasacritique,toshowa
"gap problem" or between "law in books"/"law in action", but rather to illustrate that what can be
describedasleakinglawisacentraldimensionofanormativesystemthatdealswithvalues,languages
and the application of general rules through interpretation in a certain context. Accordingly, the
questionisratherhowitleaksinsteadofif,moreover;accordingtothelegislator,theestimationofthe
compensationshallleak.

KyleJ.D.Mulrooneykm441@kent.ac.uk
Governing Through Crime and "Interpreting" Our Way Out: Political Culture and Constitutional
StructureinCanadianPenalPolicyTheme:Sociologyofconstitutionsandconstitutionalism
The Sociology of punishment, and comparative criminal justice in particular, has revealed a variety of
nationalfeatureswhicharesuggestedtoeitherplacecountriesatagreater"risk"orto"protect"them
from austere penal policies and subsequently high prison populations. Building on this literature, this
paperwillfocusontwooftheserisk/protectivefactorsandtheirpenologicalrelevanceintheCanadian
context; namely political cultures and constitutional structures. Such research is timely as in recent
yearstheCanadianpenallandscapehasbeendrasticallyalteredbythemajoritarianConservativeParty
(2005present) which has sought to govern through crime (Simon, 2003). However, as I write, several
of these austere policies have been struck down by provincial courts and are in the midst of being
interpretedwithintheconstitutionallysupremacyofCanadianlawintheSuperiorcourtofCanada.To
examinetheinteractionbetweenthesetwofactors,IwillfirstoutlinethefeaturesofCanadianpolitical
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culture which make Canada susceptible to the politicization of criminal justice policy and the
characteristics of Canada's constitutional structure which discourage such politicization. Second,
adopting a longitudinal case study and comparative approach, I will explore the changing nature of
Canadian political culture and the role of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982) in
resistingthisshift.Isuggestthatajurisdiction'spoliticalcultureandtheconstitutionalstructureswhich
sustain it can act as either a brake on or an accelerator of crisisinvoking penalpopulist tendencies
(Tonry, 2009). Importantly, by highlighting these dimensions of the Canadian penal state I will
empirically outline their role as either buffer, modifier or even amplifiers of the penal turn (Garland,
2013). Finally, I will conclude by consi dering the friction between the populist tendencies of
democratically elected politicians (parliamentary supremacy) who seek to govern through crime and
the"democracygap"leftbymeritocraticallyelectedjudges(constitutionalsupremacy)indetermining
acountriespenologicalterrain.

LashaBregvadzelasha.bregvadze@tsu.ge
SociologyofTransnationalLaw:ObservingLegalOrdersofWorldSociety
The mainstream law and society movement has long been concerned with the social grounds and
reality of the national and subnational legal orders. Both theoretical and empirical works have been
mostlydedicatedtothestudyanddescriptionofcertainmunicipalorlocallegalorders,infrastructural
legalnetworks.Howeverincreasingprocessesofglobalizationanddenationalizationprovokethethick
description,renewedconceptualizationandelaborationofnewempiricalandtheoreticalperspectives
for observing the law of the world society. The empirical fact of the coexistence of transnational
normative orders alongside with local, national, internation al and supranational legal rationalities
deservesevenmoreattentionbothfromempiricalandtheoreticalcampsofthemovement.Thepaper
willstartwiththedescriptiveanalysisofthegenealogyoftransnationallaw,beginningfromtheKant''s
idea of Weltbuergerrecht (law of the world citizenship), following the advancement of the idea by
Jessup (transnational law) and Berman (world law), indicating the deficiencies of the mentioned
perspectivesandfinallyfocusontheobservationsfromtheperspectiveofsystemstheory,initiatedby
Luhmann and still being under the further elaboration. Paradoxically, the global law of the world
society, represented as the unity of fragmented transnational orders, takes its validity and legitimacy
frombelow,fromthesocietaldynamics,thustranscendingthecontrolmechanismsofthenationstates
andinternationalpolitics.Emergingresearchperspective,observingtheoperationofthetransnational
legalregimesbasedonsocietaldynamics,mightleadtotheintensificationofgloballegalstudiesunder
theinterdisciplinaryperspectiveandresultintothechallengingdiscoursegloballawandsociety.

LauraFannyAvilalaurafanny.avila@gmail.com
AccesoalaJusticiayViolenciadeGneroenlaProvinciadeSanJuanArgentina
El estudio aborda a vctimas mujeres de diferentes sectores sociales que pretenden acceder a los
recursos materiales y simblicos que posee el Estado, a travs de las polticas o las no polticas, re
victimizando y obstaculizando la accesibilidad a la justicia, partiendo de la doctrina de la Seguridad
HumanaylaTeoradeGnero.
Partimos de la doctrina de la Seguridad Humana que prioriza la seguridad de las personas para
concretar derechos y acceder a la justicia sobre todo en los sectores vulnerables de mujeres de
diferentes clases sociales, edades, religiones y etnias. Esta doctrina rescata la centralidad de las
mujerescomosujetasdederechossuperandolaperspectivadelmujerescomoobjetasdetutelay
obligaaproveerrecursosjudicialessencillos,idneoseimparcialesdemaneranodiscriminatoria,para
sancionaryrepararestosactos,yprevenirdeestamaneralaimpunidad.
El sistema simblico cultural patriarcal del orden una armadura estructural que se cristaliza en
nuestra cultura, asignando roles y funciones a travs de la socializacin a fin de que cada miembro
pueda definirse en relacin a un ideal propuesto, legitima el orden patriarcal e instituye el significado
dequesviolenciayqunoloesycundoesaviolenciaaccedealajusticiaycundopasainadvertida
porsermujer.EstesistemaenlaprovinciadeSanJuanadoptalaleydeviolenciafamiliarqueprefiere
hacermsvisiblelaviolenciacontraelnio,elancianoycualquierotroadulto,quelaviolenciacontra
la mujer. La hegemona de este paradigma patriarcal del orden, produce un agotamiento de las
capacidades institucionales para afrontar la realidad, vulnerando la eficacia simblica de acceso a la
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International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
E-Mail: malen@iisj.es
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justicia, reproduciendo nuevas maneras de discriminacin, de tortura y de malos tratos que las
institucionesenmascaranmediantesusdispositivosyprcticas.

LeandroFedericoGonzlezGmezlefgonzalez@yahoo.com.ar
La relevancia de las ideas provenientes de las ciencias sociales en la construccin de las distintas
dogmticasjurdicapenales
Dentrodelosmltiplesaportesquelasociologajurdicabrindalestudio,creacinyaplicacindelos
sistemas jurdicos, consider que existe una dimensin que todava no ha sido suficientemente
explorada.Elreaqueestimoquemerecelaatencindentrodenuestradisciplinaeslapresenciade
ideas y nociones provenientes de las ciencias sociales que, de forma consciente o inconsciente, se
encuentranenelinteriordelasdistintasteorasdeldelitoelaboradasporlosjuristaspenales.Amodo
de ejemplo se puede afirmar que ciertos aportes de Durkheim la cuestin del orden, la anomia, el
respeto por los roles asignados socialmente y la funcin que le atribuyen al derecho penal y ms
precisamentealapenaseencuentranpresentesdeunauotraformaenlaselaboracionestericasde
juristas como Roxin o Jakobs. El propsito de mi presentacin es individualizar aquellas ideas que de
formaexplicitaoimplcitasehanfiltradoenlaproduccinjurdica,afindeabordarsociolgicamente
el estudio del derecho penal pero desde las propias categoras jurdicas que conforman y estructuran
las distintas teoras del delito. Adems, este tipo de abordaje me parece que evidencia el carcter
cambiantedelconocimientosociojurdico.

LeifPetterOlaussenl.p.olaussen@jus.uio.no
CommonMoralBeliefsexplainAgreementonPunishmentsbetweenCitizensandCourtJudges
In a recent study Norwegian citizens and court judges was asked to indicate their preferred
punishmentforsixdifferentspecifiedseriouscrimes.Thestudyshowsthatcitizensdisagreeverymuch
in their suggested punishments. In spite of this, however, there is a very good fit between median
punishmentssuggestedbycitizensandtheprofessionaljudges'suggestedpunishments.Thefitcannot
beexplainedbycitizens'knowledgeofactuallevelofpunishmentbecausethesamestudydocuments
that citizens'' knowledge of actual level of punishment is not very good. They underestimate the
severityofcourtsanctions.Onepossibleexplanationforthementionedfitisthatpenallawandcourt
practice and citizens share moral intuitions of central importance for punishments for serious crimes.
Two relatively simple moral intuitions of vital importance for penal law the principle of
proportionality,andthebeliefthatitisjusttopunishpremeditatedcrimesmoreseverelythancrimes
causedbyemotionalarousalalsoseemtobeappliedbycitizens.Individualdifferencesintendencyto
suggest hard/lenient punishments among citizens are to a large degree explained by individual
differences in concern for the perpetrators future life when considering choice of punishment. Key
words:proportionalityprinciple,moralintuitions,andpunishment

LetiziaManciniletizia.mancini@unimi.it /ValeriaVerdolini valeria.verdolini@unimi.it


PANEL:RethinkingMediterraneanSea:Protectingbordersormakingspaceforrights?
In the last few decades Mediterranean Sea has meant, in common opinion and political practices, a
border, an invisible line which ideally divides Europe from the "global south". Migrations, above all,
have represented the main theme to conceptualize the maritime space as a space of conflicts and
separation. Recently, the southern border has changed completely its political profile: former
governmentshavebeenoverthrownbyrevolts,civilwarsandrevolutionsinEgypt,Tunisia,Libya,and
politicalchangeshavehappenedinMorocco(newconstitution)andSyria(civilwarstillongoing).Atthe
same time, economic crisis has connected the northern border (from Portugal to Greece, passing
through Spain, Italy) and offered a common ground for a "Mediterranean" demand of social justice,
declineddifferentlyineachcontest.Austerity,indeed,haschangedthenationalapproachestomigrant
workersandthenewpoliticsofinclusion.TherecentEuropeanStates'enforcedpoliticsofcontrolhave
redefinedtheMediterraneanSeamoreasabattlefield,thanasaspaceofrights.Thisassessmenthas
beenconfirmedbytheeventsoccurredinGreece(Evrosriver),Spain(CeutaandGibraltar),Italy(Sicily
andLampedusa)andMalta.Forthesereasonsitisnecessarytoreexamineanddebatetheconceptsof
movement, migration, and asylum. Religion, movements of people and goods, pluralist states,
globalization ask us to reframe the Mediterranean Sea not only as a space but more as a concept, a
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theoretical tool to rebuilt a common identity, or, at least, a common idea of justice and collectable
rights. The panel will be a moment of discussion and debate to purpose a change of interpretative
paradigm, and to rethink the Mediterranean Sea as a possible field to build up new rights and
practices.IsitpossibletorethinktheMediterraneanSeaasacommonspaceforneedsandrights?Isit
possible to reframe migrations as a possibility of freedom of movement and not only in a repressive
theoretical framework? Which are the common points between the two banks of the sea? These are
thequestionthatwewanttodebateinthispanel.

LindaHallerl.haller@unimelb.edu.au
AbolitionofadvocaatesimmunityintheUKin2000andeffectsonlegalpractice
In2000theEnglishHouseofLordsabolishedadvocates'immunity.ThismeansEnglishlawyerscannow
besuedbyclientsandothersfornegligentconductofcasesincourt.Othercountries,suchasAustralia,
have decided to retain the immunity, considering it essential to instill respect for the courts, lawyers
and the administration of justice. This paper will report on what impact, if any, the abolition of
advocates'immunityinEnglandhashadonlegalpracticeandtheadministrationofjustice.

LivnUsallnMndezlivan.usallan@mail.udp.cl
Viejasynuevasminoras.Desarrollosrecientesdelmarcojurdiconormativorelativoalagestinde
ladiversidadculturalenChile
El objetivo de la ponencia es presentar los desarrollos jurdicos normativos recientes relativos a la
gestin democrtica de la diversidad cultural en el contexto chileno. En tal sentido se realizar un
anlisis del proceso de adaptacin institucional desarrollado por el gobierno de Chile a partir de la
ratificacin y entrada en vigor (2009) del Convenio169 de la OIT y el consecuente reconocimiento de
los pueblos indgenas. Por otra parte, se analizar el alcance del Proyecto de Ley de Migracin y
Extranjera (2013) en tanto respuesta jurdicopoltica a la situacin actual de Chile como so ciedad
receptorademigracinextranjera.

LorenaOssioBustillosossio@mpisoc.mpg.de
Access to Justice: Indigenous people in Latin America and the right to nonrenewable natural
resources
AccesstoJustice:IndigenouspeopleinLatinAmericaandtherighttononrenewablenaturalresources
IfwetakeintoaccountthemajorityofLatinAmericancountries,wecanseethatinregardtotheissue
of nonrenewable natural resources their respective national legislation, public administration and
policies tend to deny or ignore the existence or importance of customary normative frameworks
regarding indigenous community rights, practices and management of non renewable natural
resources. Even in those cases in which the regulations of local indigenouspeasant communities are
takenintoaccount,likeforexamplethenewConstitutionsofEcuadorandBolivia.Inthespecificcase
of the right to nonrenewable natural resources consultation is required; for all the other cases they
enjoy the right to be consulted by means of appropriate procedures, particularly through their
institutions,eachtimelegislativeoradministrativemeasureswhichcanaffectthemareenvisaged.This
paperaimstoaddresstheresearchquestions:Whatistherelationshipbetweencustomaryrightsover
naturalresourcesandnationaltenurelegislationovernaturalresources?Whatshouldbethecontents
ofthislegalpluralismthatshouldestablishtheprinciplesandarrangementsforthemanagementover
naturalresourcesconsideringthetensionbetweendifferentlegalregimes?

LornaMcGregorlmcgreg@essex.ac.uk
Procedural Justice As A Legitimising Seal On International Human Rights Law's Assessment Of
NationalRemedies
Theinfluenceofproceduraljusticetheoryincritiquesofmodelsofdisputeresolutionincludingcourts
but also other forms of dispute resolution such as agreementbased processes (e.g. mediation) and
adjudicativebased processes (e.g. arbitration) is evident throughout sociolegal and feminist
literatures.Surprisinglythen,thetheoryisnotablyabsentfrominternationalhumanrightslawandits
constructionofwhetherremediesatthenationallevelareadequateandeffective.Inaneraofareturn
to the principle of subsidiarity and the primacy of national jurisdictions, this paper submits that
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internationalhumanrightslawneedstofullyintegrateproceduraljusticeasagoverningprincipleboth
as a safeguard to individuals, particularly parties in a position of vulnerability as well as a legitimising
sealonnationalremedies.

LuceAlessandraBonzanoluce.bonzano@gmail.com
ThereceptionnetworkforasylumseekersandrefugeesintheApuliaRegion
During 2013 the Law Department of the University of Bari "Aldo Moro", has developed a research
laboratorycalledObservatoryontheadministrativedetentionofirregularmigrantsandthereception
ofasylumseekersinApuliaRegion.ApuliaRegionisaparticularlyinterestingcasestudyforwhatmay
concern the issue of migrants detention and asylum seekers reception. Until 2001, Apulia was the
Italian region most affected by boatpeople arrivals and, therefore, the laboratory of reception and
border control practices that in the following years would have been employed by the Ministry of
Interior in other southern Italian region (mainly Sicily and Calabria). The main goal of this paper is to
present the results of research held by the Observatory regarding the Protection System for Asylum
SeekersandRefugeesinApuliaregion(hereinafterSPRAR),thatisanetworkofreceptionprojectsfor
applicants and holders of international protection. The SPRAR network was established under art. 32
LawNo.189/2002andunderProtocolofUnderstandingsignedin2001bytheMinistryoftheInterior,
ANCI and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. In the course of this research were collected
numerous quantitative and qualitative data relating to the management of the facilities and to the
sociodemographic particularities of the guests, were conducted over 22 field visits and interviews
carried out with managers and guests of the different structures. This paper intends to present the
results of over a year of monitoring, field research and documentation centers for migrants in Puglia,
makinganinitialassessmentofcriticalpracticesandstrategiesofreceptionofasylumseekerstakenin
Apulia.

LuceroIbarraRojasluceroibarrarojas@gmail.com
Regulating the commodification of culture: intellectual property and cultural policy in Mxico's
economicagenda
Intellectualproperty,aseveryotheraspectofeconomicregulation,isahegemonicconstructionanda
powerbattlefield,wheretheinterestsofseveralagentsinterplaynationallyandinternationallywithin
thecontextofglobalization,thepoliticsofdevelopmentandtheconcernsoftherightstoculture.This
paperaimstotheunderstandingofthedifferentinfluencesthataremediatedbylawwhenintellectual
property is used by public cultural policy. By looking closely to the development of collective
trademarks as a cultural policy in the state of Michoacn, Mxico, the paper maintains that two
economic/cultural agendas can be identified: on the one hand, there is the local government
expectationswhicharestronglyrelatedwiththepluralistdiscoursethatseesindigenousproductionas
an added market value; and on the other hand, there is the national and internation projection of a
Mexicanproductionwhichfocusesonthesuccessfullyindustrializednationalproductions,thosewhich
will make sense for the exportations market. Between the two, the nations cultural agenda gets
shaped by economic concerns which are, in turn, defined by the worldviews of agents belonging to
differentstateinstitutions.

LuciaCorsolucia.corso@unikore.it
Whatdifferencedoesajurymakeforlegaltheory
Theliteratureonjurytrialshasmainlyfocusedontheimpactthatjurieshaveonthelegalsystemand
onpoliticsingeneral,whilelessattentionhasbeendevotedtotheeffectsonlegaltheoryproducedby
the active involvement of laymen in the creation of law. The paper aims at covering this gap by
attemptingtoassessarelationshipbetweentheroleofjuriesandatheoryoflaw.Moreinparticular,it
willbearguedthatthejurymaychallengesomecommonassumptionsoflegaltheoristsconcerningthe
concept of rule of law and put into discussion the widely held opinion that legalism and
professionalismaretwofacesofthesamecoin. Moreover,itwillbeadvancedthe claimthatbecause
jurytrialsarebasedonagenerictrustinthecognitiveaswellasmoralcompetenceofordinarypeople
they may unmask and, as a consequence, shake the opposite assumptions upon which most of legal
theoriesrest,i.e.thatcommonpeopleandcommonsensearenotreliable.Intheend,abriefreference
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toconstitutionaltheorywillbemade.

LucaPayeroLpezlucpayero@gmail.com
Elesencialismoconstitucional:laConstitucinespaolaalserviciodelaunidadnacional
Una constitucin es algo ms que la norma suprema de un Estado: adems de regular el sistema de
fuentes, la organizacin bsica del Estado y establecer el catlogo de derechos fundamentales, la
constitucin presenta un componente emocional que trasciende la mera legalidad formal. El
funcionamiento real de una constitucin se entiende mejor acudiendo a los conceptos de creencia
(OrtegayGasset),hechosocial(Durkheim)yhechoinstitucional(Searle),quesernanalizadoseneste
artculo y aplicados a la realidad constitucional. Para ilustrar esta posicin, tomar como referente la
Constitucinespaolade1978.LaconstitucinenEspaasevieneutilizandocomounarmaquebusca
defenderunadeterminadaorientacinpolticaconmayorsolvencia.Afuerzadeotrosargumentosde
mayor peso, se apela a la sagrada constitucin: as, lo calificado como inconstitucional se convierte,
desde ese momento, en algo digno del ms absoluto y rotundo rechazo, incluso moral. Ello resulta
especialmente notable en el tema de la articulacin territorial del Estado. Este artculo examinar la
forma en que en Espaa se instrumentaliza la Constitucin de 1978 con el fin de defender una
particular concepcin nacional frente a y tambin contra otras. El resultado es un autntico
esencialismoofundamentalismoconstitucional.

LucaRomaniSanchoromani@dpu.uji.es
LarepresentacinpolticaylaLeyOrgnicadeIgualdad:suimpactoenlasEleccionesGenerales
Analizar el principio de presencia equilibrada aprobado en la LeyOrgnica de Igualdad, verificando su
impactoenlasEleccionesGeneralesdel2008y2011,ycomparandolosresultadosconlaselecciones
anterioresalaaprobacindelaLOI(2004).

LuisDavidNioSegurald_ns@hotmail.com
LaresistenciaindgenadelospueblosYaquienSonoraMxico
LaresistenciaindgenaenMxicotieneunahistoriademsde500aos.Actualmenteelproblemade
las comunidades indgenas Yaqui en Sonora Mxico consiste en la construccin de una presa de
nombre el Novillo que lesiona su patrimonio histrico, cultural, econmico, social y ecolgico. La
resistenciaqueejercenlosYaquishacombatidolaarbitrariedadelEstadoalnodejarqueseconstruya
lapresa.

MacQuetzinMurillnDuartemacklanjr@hotmail.com
Laengaosasupremacorte.Unestudiosobreelpapeldelacortemexicanacomosistemadecontrol
ysupresindemovimientossocialesalserviciodelaclasegobernante
Las cortes constitucionales actualmente tienen la pretensin de fungir como protectoras de las
violaciones que realizan tanto rganos pblicos como privados a los derechos de las personas. Para
cumplirconestafuncin,lostribunalessupremosdebencontarconindependenciahaciacualquierotra
esfera de poder. En el caso mexicano este requisito no se cumple, pues la Suprema Corte est
sometida a otros rganos de gobierno como consecuencia del sistema conforme al cual eligen a sus
integrantes,loquesetraduceensentenciasqueprotegenindefectiblementealospoderesEjecutivoy
Legislativo. El propsito de ste trabajo es argumentar cmo la corte mexicana ms que un ente
protector de las clases oprimidas, es un medio de control al servicio de los otros poderes del Estado.
Para demostrarlo, argumentar que la Suprema Corte con el reconocimiento de derechos en casos
paradigmticos,enloscualesslointeresesparticularesseencuentranenjuego,crealaexpectativade
queotrosmovimientossocialesobtendrnresolucionessatisfactoriasantesusreclamos.Noobstante,
enestoscasosnosucedelomismo,puesenellosseencuentraninteresespolticosendisputaqueno
puedenserconcedidosporelEstado.

MaciejPichlakmpichlak@prawo.uni.wroc.pl
Globalizationwithafaceofreflexivity:Nationalandtransnationalprogrammesoflegislatingpolicy
The paper analyses current programmes of regulatory and legislating policy which are implemented
under theaegisofEuropeanCommissionandOECDintheirmemberstates(Better Regulation/Smart
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Regulation). A special concern is devoted to Polish efforts to implement these directives (Program
LepszeRegulacje2015),howeversimilarpracticesaretobefoundalsoinotherEuropeancountries.
Thescrutinizedpoliciesaretestedagainsttheirunderlyingpresumptions;particularlyIaskhowdothey
perceive a role and character of legal institutions in contemporary society. For that sake, the current
programmesareconfrontedwithtraditionalmodelsofrationallawmaking,whichwerediscussedin
PolishlegalscienceinthesecondhalfoftheXXcentury.
Such a comparison allows for clarifying main hallmarks of policies at hand: their disembedding
character, which isolates regulatory processes from local contexts of national legal order and legal
tradition; evaluation and categorization of legal regulation first and foremost in economical criteria; a
quasiscientificlanguageoflegislation(seenotionsofimpactanalysisandevidencebasedregulation);
a circular shape of lawmaking processes which have to be constantly ready and open for potential
change; finally an ambivalent nature of relations between regulatory institutions and addressees of
suchregulations(individualsocialagents).
Inordertoplausiblydescribeandinterpretalltheabovequalitiesofanalysedprogrammes,atheoryof
reflexivityofsocialinstitutions(initsversionofferedbyAnthony Giddens)isemployed.Inthelightof
Giddensesproposals,onemayparticularlyclearlyobserve,howthescrutinizedprocessesandpolicies
challengeatraditionalinstitutionalorderofmodernlaw.

MaraJessClassenTobarmjtobarc@gmail.com
Unaluzentrelasmurallasdeladesigualdaddegnero.Violenciacontralasmujeresylasleyes
Esta comunicacin se propone como objetivo presentar las tensiones y desafos, desde una ptica
multidisciplinaria,elanlisisylosalcancesparaelDesarrolloHumanoSustentable,delarelacinentre
las Leyes y la Violencia contra las mujeres. Al respecto, la pregunta radica en las dos figuras que
interpelan una mejor vida para las mujeres bajo el paradigma de los Derechos Humanos y los
compromisos de los Gobiernos, y la realidad insufrible de los femicidios y la ineficacia de las leyes.
Especficamente, en el caso de Chile y como espejo de lo mundial. Al respecto, se analizara la
naturalezadelespritudelaLey,desdelaconstruccinpatriarcalhistricay,almismotiempo,lavozde
lasmujeres,queesinvisibleysordaalasociedad,aunquelosesfuerzosdelasociedadcivilapelanala
denuncia y a la accion. Desde lo traumtico del ser etiquetada en el sistema pblico como "victima",
hasta el progreso del ser Ciudadanasobreviviente, es que esta comunicacin, se instala como
escenario legtimo, pblico y, acadmico, para construir nuevas redes significantes polticas y
reparadorasparalasociedadensuconjuntoylaprofundizacindenuestrasDemocracias.

MaraJosBernuzBeneitezmbernuz@unizar.es
Lalegitimidaddelajusticiademenoresmediantelajusticiaprocedimental
La justicia procedimental plantea, de forma muy sinttica, que no slo importan los derechos sino la
forma de realizarlos. Desde esa perspectiva puede resultar interesante realizar una aproximacin
terica a las posibilidades que ofrece la justicia procedimental en el mbito de la justicia de menores
analizandotrescuestionesquemeparecendemayorintersporsumslargatradicinenladiscusin
doctrinal. En primer lugar, abordar el inters que tiene la realizacin efectiva de los principios de la
justiciarestaurativaenellogrodeunodelosindicadoresdejusticiaprocedimentalqueeslanecesidad
y el sentimiento de ser escuchado tanto p or quien delinque, como por la vctima del acto delictivo.
Adems,esprecisodiscutirlacuestindelanecesidaddeunaformacinespecializadaenelmbitode
la justicia de menores que diferencie y mejore el trato con respeto y dignidad de los menores.
Finalmente, el trato equitativo es considerado por los menores como un indicativo de justicia
procedimentalytendremosqueverhastaqupuntounajusticiaquesedefineporlaindividualizacin
desusintervencionespuederealizaresapretensindeequidadaojosdelosmenores.

MaraNievesSaldaamanieves@uhu.es
Configuracin e implementacin de la participacin equilibrada de gnero en la toma de decisiones
polticaypblicaenelConsejodeEuropa
Resumen: Los principales rganos del Consejo de Europa, especialmente el Comit de Ministros y la
Asamblea Parlamentaria, han fomentado a travs de diversos instrumentos jurdicos y estrategias la
adopcinde numerosasmedidas,incluidasmedidas deaccin positivacomolascuotas,paraalcanzar
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laparticipacinequilibradademujeresyhombresenlosrganoseinstitucionespolticasypblicasde
los Estados miembros, promovindose, asimismo, aunque con limitado alcance, en el seno de los
propiosrganosdelConsejodeEuropa.

MarianaTrottamariana@marianacriola.org.br
Los grandes eventos deportivos, el estado y las protestas sociales en la ciudad de Ro de Janeiro
(Brasil)en2013
La ciudad de Ro de Janeiro, la segunda mitad de 2013 se caracteriz por la realizacin de varias
protestas sociales. A veces, estos eventos fueron tratados con gran represin estatal. Las
manifestaciones comenzaron en contra de los aumentos en las tarifas de autobuses de la ciudad. Sin
embargo las manifestaciones incorporando paulatinamente diferentes agendas, especialmente en
relacin con los problemas en el acceso al derecho a la ciudad . Estos problemas se vieron agravados
porelaumentodelcostodevidaenlametrpoli,profundizadaporlaspolticaspblicasparapreparar
la ciudad para los mega eventos deportivos internacionales (Copa del Mundo Mundial y Juegos
Olmpicos). El artculo analiza el impacto de las polticas pblicas, obras de infraestructura y los
cambioslegislativosrealizadosporelgobiernodeBrasilenlaciudaddeRodeJaneiroalarealizacin
degrandeseventosdeportivosinternacionales.Eltrabajotambinanalizalaluzdelasteorassobrelos
movimientos sociales contemporneos, la obra significado y las caractersticas de la protesta social ,
entre junio y diciembre de 2013, en la ciudad de Ro de Janeiro. La potencia tambin aborda el papel
de la justicia en este proceso, centrndose en el papel de los diferentes actores sociales del campo
legal,comomagistrados,jueces,abogadosypolicas.

MarianneSaetresofiamas1@hotmail.com
Wanderinglocalsignificanceof"organicedcrime"inconstructionofglobal policing.An openended
etnographicstudy
The neoliberal world structure has transformed governance to a transnational and polycentric
morphology (Bowling and Sheptycki 2012). New regional and global police institutions, as well as
informal cooperations genereate extensive transnational exchange of knowledge, method skills,
technologicalcapacitiesetc,betweenlocallysituatedofficials.Thetimespacecompressionandglobal
interconnectedness produced by the 1970'ies liberalization of investment and capital flows, marked
deregulations, softening of trade barriers, and revolution in information/communication technology
has hollowed out national state powers. The transnational governance of neoliberal world order is
practiced through what has become a global architecture of policing. Reference to transnational,
organized crime has become a common currency in the transnational police vocabulary. Through an
ethnographic study that is open to timespace changes in cultural significance, I follow the changing
meaning,contentandpolicepracticeconnectedtotheterm"organizedcrime"asitwandersfromone
type of local challenge to another. Different processes from below and above seems to have had an
impact on the way to frame local risk situations in accordance with the global risk perception. The
frameisadopted,negotiatedandappliedtolocalsituations,redefiningandconstructingthemtoglocal
narratives of organized crime. The study sheds light to hierarchical ordering of sites in the global
policingarchitecturethroughthedifferentlocalnarratives.

MarinaHenriquesmarinahenriques@gmail.com
LabourhumanrightsinPortugal:challengestoits(in)effectiveness
This paper discusses the dynamics of the relationship between Portugal and the International Labour
Organisation (ILO)since1974,examiningtheextenttowhichits normativityisfeltatnationallevelin
thesettingoflabourlawandindustrialrelations,andforeseetheILOsspecialprocedures(complaints)
as an instance of transnational action in the field of international labour human rights. Regarding the
promotion of national standards effectiveness by the ILO, this paper analyses the effects of
mobilization of the special control mechanisms over the state, law and labour relations system, since
theuseoftheILOscomplaintssystemseemstoexpresstheineffectivenessoflabourhumanrightsin
Portugal,consistingthemobilizationoftheinternationaladjudicationinalegalappealtotheaccessof
labour justice. As the inflence of the ILO in Portugal occurred primarily according to the model based
ontheprinciplesoftripartism,socialdialogueandlabourdemocracy,wefocusonasetoffundamental
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theoretical and conceptual elements for this reflection, following a contextualized orientation of the
patternsofrelationshipbetweenPortugalandtheILOafter1974andgivinganalyticalautonomytothe
regular and special control systems of that organization, viewing them in their relation with the
national system through the use of an integrated sociological analysis of labour relations and labour
normativity.

MarisaNataliaFassimarisa.fassi@unimi.it
BuildingGrassrootsLegislationofSexWorkersandCardboardPickers
This paper presents the experience of building grassroots legislation for sex workers and cardboard
pickers in Crdoba, Argentina. It describes the process of creating a draft law that grasps the
knowledge, experiences and claims of people who perform the activity that will be regulated. Law is
produces following formal institutional arrangements, such as parliamentary debate or executive
decrees. However, an informal law making takes place prior or alongside formal institutional
arrangements. Research studies have shown that agents who have power (social, economic, cultural
capitals) have ways to influence and produce norms that regulate situations of their interest. Social
inequalities can become major barriers affecting the participation in informal law making; as a result,
disadvantaged social groups knowledge, claims and experiences tend to remain excluded from this
process. The experiences of building grassroots legislation draw upon Paulo Freire's notions of
collectivebuildingofknowledgeemphasizingtheimportanceofdialogueandexchange.Followingthis
author'spedagogy,comparativelawwasusedasareflexivestartingpointtofacilitatetheconstruction
ofcontextualnorms.Infoucauldianterms,theseexperiencesofgrassrootslegislationtrytograspthe
subversivediscoursesproducedbyindividualsubject'ssubjugatedknowledge.

MartinRamstedtramstedt@eth.mpg.de
Entangled Normativities: Legal Anthropology's Contribution to a Better Understanding of Law in a
GlobalizedWorld
Accelerating economic globalization, increased migration and travel, enhanced crosscultural
communicationduetoaneveradvancinginformationtechnology,aswellastheirothersthevarious
politically, culturally and / or religiously informed antiglobalization movements in our world today
have spurred not only what Habermas called the progressive colonization of our lifeworlds through
law.Augmentedjuridificationhasbeenparallledbyagrowingentanglementofpluralnormativitiesto
theeffectthatboththenatureoflawandthepropertiesofjusticeareindireneedtobedivinedanew.
The Law & Anthropology Department at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle
(Saale), Germany, approaches the increasing crosscultural circulation and exchange of legal, cultural
andreligiousnormsandvaluesasproblemsofculturaltranslationbetweendifferentnormativeorders
atvariouslevelsofdecisionmaking.
AttheDepartment,smallscaleempiricalstudiesofsuchprocessesofculturaltranslation,attestingto
the culturally embedded nature of any normative ordering, are combined with a comparative
perspective in order to come to empirically informed analyses of sociolegal processes that help shed
lightonthenatureoflawandjusticeinourworldtoday.Theseanalysesfurthermoreprovidethebasis
forintenseexchangewithlegalpractitionersinvitedtotheDepartmentinordertocommonlyidentify
thecriteriaforanappliedlegalanthropologythattakesresponsibilityfortheimpactandtheeffectsthe
culturaltranslationofnormsandvaluesmayhaveinpractice.

MateuszPekalapekalamateusz@gmail.com
AxiologicalDimensionofLegislativeDecisionMakingProcessandNeutralizationofValuesinLaw
One of the most important assumption of the general idea of neutralization of axiology in law is that
every legal decision has its own axiological context, which includes the acting subjects' scales of
preferences, and the actors' scales of preferences. Values take part in legislative decision making
process,inapplicationoflegalrules,andinrulefollowing.Whenlegislativedecisionmakingprocessis
considered, the main questions are: What social valuesgoals are to be achieved? How legislator's
values (preferences) are formulated and revealed? The close relationship between the axiological
domain and the substance of a formally binding normative act does not necessarily mean that each
stage of the decision making process is open to the public and can be easily scrutinised. The
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reconstruction of the axiological basis of a given legal act is fundamental for further analysis of the
neutralization phenomenon. Then, the relation between legislative decision and next decisions in the
chain(i.e.applicationoflaw,observanceofthelaw)maybeconsidered.

MateuszPekalapekalamateusz@gmail.com
Generalstructureoflegislativedecisionproblempreliminaryremarks
Ishallfirstbrieflyrefertoadvantagesofinterdisciplinaryapproachinlawmakingtheory.Inparticular,
integration with organization theory may show some old dilemmas in a new perspective. Next, I will
presenttheoreticalframeworkfordescriptionthegeneralstructreoflegislativedecisionproblem.This
may be elaborated as follows: 1. Instrumental dimension: What knowledge should be taken over
consideration?Which meansmaybepotentiallyused?2.Axiologicaldimension:Whatgoalsaretobe
achieved?Howtofindsocialvalueswhichshouldbetakenoverconsideration?3.Politicaldimension:
Howtoconvincepoliticalpartners(opposition)tobestsolution?Issolvingdecisionproblemprofitable
for decident? 4. Social conflict dimension: What is the characterics of social conflict linked to certain
lawmakingprocess?Howtomanagethisconflict?5.Discursivedimension:Howtosetrangeofsocial
participation in certain case? What social actors should be involved in decisionmaking process? 6.
Enonomical dimension: How to measure social costs of considered alternatives? 7. Temporal
dimension: How long may decision process last? What is the best moment to make and implement
solution? An analysis of these subjects is the basis for metadecision making in order to 'manage' the
contextoflegislativeprocess.

MateuszStepienmateusz.stepien@uj.edu.pl
Thelegalplaceboeffect
Legal placebo is a situation in which, legislator (who de facto holds political power) issues normative
acts which, to the best of their knowledge, do not have real effects, such as the protection or
multiplication of values that underlie them. The legislator intentionally deceives the society by
introducinglegalactswhich,astheyarefullyaware,willnotsolvethe"diagnosed"problem.Aimofthe
presentation is to enumerate reasons why legal placebo effect has been occurred often. The legal
placebo effect occurs when legal placebo produces results which are the same or very similar to the
onesdeclared,forinstanceitsintroductionactuallycontributestoprotectionormultiplicationofvalue
swhichunderlielegalaction.

MateuszStepienmateusz.stepien@uj.edu.pl
ConfucianConstitutionalismProjectaCamouflageoranInnovation?
ThepaperpresentssocalledConfucianConstitutionalismProject,whichhasbeendevelopinginseveral
EastAsiancountries.EveninPeoplesRepublicofChinaonemightnoticeaemerginganewConfucian
paradigm in constitutional debate. Especially, the Jiang Qing's ideas has gained a huge attention. This
tendency is interesting itself, because of the generally negative attitude toward law expressed by
Confucian Masters since Confucius. In the next section, some sociological hypothesis concerning why
hasConfucianConstitutionalismProjectemergedwillbepresentedandcommented.

MatthiasBaiermatthias.baier@soclaw.lu.se
Law,socialnormsandmoralityinSweden
ThepurposeofthepaperistopresentfindingsfromasurveyonCitizenshipCultureconductedamong
a representative sample of Swedish citizens. The purpose of the survey was to understand how law,
social norms and morality make up a Citizenship Culture. The survey focuses on three aspects of
CitizenshipCulture:(i)citizens'mutualregulation,(ii)harmonybetweenlegal,moral,andsocialnorms,
and (iii) participation agreements, trust and tolerance. Citizenship Culture relates to sociolegal
researchonpublicopinionandlegalconsciousnessbuthasitsfocusonnormsandactionsratherthan
opinions. Another difference is the focus on the relations between the three different regulatory
systems law, social norms and morality. Besides presenting general conclusions from the survey, a
furtheranalysisisdonewithrespecttogender,ageandresidence(ruralorurban).

MichaelDudekmichal.dudek@uj.edu.pl
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LawinNonPlaces
Even though in contemporary scientific reflection on law, a significant attention is given to spatial
aspects of legal phenomena, the legal dimension of nonplaces a well known concept elaborated by
MarcAugstillseemstobeoverlookedbysociolegalscholarsandlegalgeographers.Theaimofthe
paper is to try to fulfill this noticeable gap. In the paper, there are addressed various questions
concerning the intersection of law and nonplaces and places, i.a.: how does the law in nonplaces
differ from law in places (anthropological places)?; does law contribute to characteristic features of
nonplaces,and,ifso,inwhichextent?;or,isthelaw(legalnormativity)thesameinalldistinguishable
nonplaces or is it different in particular kinds of nonplaces? The analysis of these and other issues,
allows to formulate few specific theses, i.a., that, taking into account legal dimension of nonplaces,
Aug's concept proves to be very wide and internally diverse, but, by using the same legal criterion,
onecanformulateawholetypologyofvariouskindsofnonplaces,basedonthefeaturesoflawwhich
isfunctioninginthem.

MichaelDudekmichal.dudek@uj.edu.pl
LegalGoodsinPolishPenalLawLegislativeDiscourse(20072011)
Thechaptertitlesinthespecialpartofthepenalcodesveryoftendirectlyrefertoparticulargood,or
several goods legally protected by the establishment of appropriate restrictions regulated in given
chapter (e.g., the formula of chapter titles "Crimes against..." together with the name of agiven legal
good,likelifeandhealth).Itseemsthatnotonlyaregulationofacertainissueforthefirsttimeshould
be preceded by the consideration and explanation of the legal good which needs to be protected by
means of newly introduced norms, but also every modification of the existing norms should be
accompanied by the deliberation on their axiological foundations. One can in fact begin to wonder
whatbecameofthegivenlegalgooditself,ifcompletelynewnormsarecreated,supposedlyinorder
toserveitsprotection,oriftheexistingnormsundergominorormajorchanges.Incaseofthespecial
partofpenallawamendmentproposals,thequestionrises.Dotheauthorsofdraftamendmentsrefer
directlytotheseconcepts(legalgoodsmentionedinchaptertitlesofthespecialpartofpenalcode)in
thejustificationswhichtheyprepare,anddotheyattempttodevelopthemfurtherinconsiderationof
theproposedchanges,or dotheyperhapsnotdeliberateonthe axiologicalfoundationsof thenorms
whichtheyintroduceormodify?Theaimofthepaperistopresentanddiscussanoticeablenegligence
oftheissueoflegalgoodsincontemporaryPolishpenallawlegislativediscourse.

MichaelStambulskimistaam@gmail.com
Legaldiscourseandtheproblemofideology
Announced by Francis Fukuyama in the 90'' the "end of history" simultaneous meant the end of
philosophy,andthustheendofideology.Todaywecantellthatthisnoticeandthejoythatfollowedit
was untimely and was itself just rather a part of the neoliberal ideology, used to transform east
europeancountries.Atthesametimeitwasatimeofincreasingexpectationsoflegaldiscourse(which
also played a significant role in the eastern transformation). Thereby increasing the power of this
discourse. The aim of this paper is to show the connection between legal discourse and ideology by
using Jaques Lacan/ Slavoj Zizek concept of four discourse (Master, Univeristy, Hysteric, Analyst). In
order to do so we have to answer how law works on the Imaginary, Symbolic and Real levels of
language. We also need to outline the difference between the modern and postmodern functions of
law.

MichalKrotoszynski m.krotoszynski@wp.pl
Thetransitionaljusticemodelsandthejustificationsofmeansofdealingwiththepast
After an authoritarian regime falls, a newly established democracy has to face multiple dilemmas
connectedwithitssociety'stroublesomepast.Lookingfromarealistperspective,diverseinstruments
employed in this process can be seen as a mere outcome of different political, economic and logistic
constraints. Yet, the development of transitional justice measures can be fully understood only when
one takes into account the values, rationales and justifications that lie in the roots of various ways of
dealingwiththepast.Seeingtransitionaljusticeasanontologicallycomplexstructure,thepresentation
aimstorelatethelegalinstrumentsthatconcentrateonpastabuserstotheaxiologicallayerofdealing
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withthepast.Inordertodoso,threebasicmodelsoftransitionaljusticeretributionmodel,historical
clarification model and thick line model all based on the measures implemented during democratic
change,arepresented.Then,thevaluesandjustificationsconnectedwiththeinstrumentsemblematic
for each of the models are identified. Finally, the presentation, with the use of a classic division
between consequential and deontological argumentation, offers a typology of transitional justice
justifications.

MichalUrbanurban.michal@centrum.cz
Lookingbackinangerorwithsweetnostalgia?Czechstwentyfiveyearsaftertheirlastbighistorical
event
Czechsafter1989haveoftenbeenseenbymanyasasuccess.Theirnonviolentwayofshakingoffthe
burdenofcommunism,exemplaryeconomictransformation,peacefulseparationwithSlovaksand,on
thetopofthat,aformerdissidentandworldknownplaywrightandthinkerVaclavHavelintheirlead.
Even nowadays, the Czech Republic is considered a leading country of its region in terms of theirs
successful political, economic as well as social transformation, as e.g. the Bertelsmann Stiftung's
Transformation Index (BTI) measuring the quality of democracy, market economy and political
managementin129developingandtransitioncountriesreveals.Butisthispictureappropriate?What
Czechs truly think about their current state of affairs? Do they have confidence in their democratic
regimeordotheyratherfacefrustrationandlooknostalgicallybacktocommunisttimes?Whatarethe
biggest tensions running through the Czech society? Based on the publicly available sociological data,
we will search for answers on these questions and provide the audience with a view of an insider
equipped with statistics. Due to many similarities and parallels with development in other countries,
we believe that Czech perspective, even though regional, will be inspiring for participants from other
countries,too.

MikaelLundholmmikael.lundholm@soclaw.lu.se
Understanding Institutional Documents as Text: Critical Perspectives on Content Analysis and
DiscourseAnalysisinQualitativeSocioLegalResearch
The analysis of text is central in sociolegal research. Content analysis and discourse analysis are two
differentapproachestoqualitativetextanalysis.Thispaperaimstointroduceandcomparethesetwo
differentapproachesandtodiscusstheimplicationsofapplyingthedifferentformsofanalysisontext
in the form of institutional documents. Special focus is put on inherent and implicit aspects of
philosophy of science. The intended textual data is framed within the mortgage foreclosure process
with focus on how the Swedish Enforcement Authority (swe. Kronofogden) communicates with
different stakeholders through impersonal standard official letters and public official information on
theinternet.Thediscussionconcludesthatdiscourseanalysisisbettersuitedtothetextanalysisofthis
textualdataduetoreasonsofphilosophicalcoherenceandthespecialcharacterofthetext.Thispaper
ispartofaPhDprojectinsociologyoflawatLundUniversity.Itisaworkinprogress,whicheventually
intendstoresultinapublicationoftheempiricalresultsofthetextanalysis.

MirenUrquijoArreguimiren.urquijo@ehu.es
TerritorioRuralVasco,GneroyEquidad.UnCaso
Elobjetivodemiponenciaesanalizardesdeunaperspectivadegnerolatransformacinseguidaenla
cultura econmica del espacio rural vasco. Parto de la hiptesis de que tras la apariencia de logro
asignado a las mujeres rurales (que ensalza su conquista de titularidad, autonoma, reconocimiento,
etc.)permaneceveladaunareproduccindeposicionesdesigualesenelsistemadegnero.
El anlisis se localiza en la comarca de Tolosaldea (Gipuzkoa) y ms especficamente en sus
agroturismos,consideradoscomouncasoparadigmticodeesatransformacin.
Expondr los resultados de la investigacin en tres escenificaciones. La primera escenificacin
expondr las transformaciones en la ordenacin territorial del Pas Vasco y su efecto sobre el
sostenimientodelasdesigualdadesdegnero.
Enlasegundaescenificacinsealareldeclivedelaculturaeconmicaagrariaysutransformacinen
una economa rural con un mercado laboral de composicin similar al urbano; este ser el marco
interpretativo para explicar el aumento en el porcentaje de mujeres titulares en las explotaciones de
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agriculturafamiliaryagroturismos.
Enlatercerayltimaescenificacinespecificarlastransformacionesenelestatutoprofesionaldelas
mujeresagricultoras,cuandolaexplotacinagrariapasadeseruncaseroaserunagroturismo.
Concluir ratificando que si bien se observan avances en la equidad de gnero, las desigualdades an
existentes muestran una reproduccin de las previas posiciones estructurales del gnero masculino y
delfemeninoyportanto,nosincitanacontinuartrabajandoporellogrodelaequidad.

NancyElisabetPerialesppedrazaeli@hotmail.com
Panel:Elsocilogojurdicoysuincumbencia.Ejercicioprofesionalyfuturo.
Quin y cmo llega al estudio de la sociologa jurdica. Obtencin del diploma. Bsqueda de empleo.
Plan proyecto al futuro. Una forma de ver ele ejercicio de la profesin y la vida. La sociologa jurdica
comodisciplinaauxiliaryeninteraccinconotrasdisciplinas.Recomendaciones.

Plandetrabajoenuntaller:
1Presentacinyrecuentodelosparticipantes;
2Armamosnuestroportfoliodesdeelprimerdaqueprogramamosestudiarsociologajurdica.
aQuhicimos,cmoycundo;
3Definimosnuestrasdestrezasycamposdondehemostrabajado.
4IntercambiamosnuestraexperienciacmonosresultpasarporOateygraduarnos.
5Relatamosanuestroscompaeroscmohemospodidoaplicar,utilizarlosconocimientosy/o
destrezasadquiridos(lugar,campodeactividad,"inventarioactualizado"...,autoreporte,recuentode
resultados.)
6Definimosnuestrasprximasmetas.
7Preguntafinal:hacefaltaasociarnosparadefendermejornuestrasincumbenciasprofesionalesa
nivelnacional,regionaleinternacional?

NatachaGualanatachaguala@ces.uc.pt
Encarcelamiento de mujeres: de un anlisis de gnero a un enfoque interseccional. Una primera
aproximacin
Apartirdelosaos'70lacriminologafeministasitualencarcelamientofemeninoenelmarcodeun
conjunto de relaciones de poder, incluyendo al sistema de atribucin de roles de gnero. Al hacerlo,
iluminlastensionesycontradiccionesdelossistemasdecontrolsocial,explicandolasdiferenciasen
los modos de regulacin a los que son sujetos hombres y mujeres a partir de la relacin de
subordinacin de lo femenino que supone el patriarcado. En las ltimas dcadas se avanz en el
desarrollodeestudiosdesdeunenfoqueinterseccional,enelquelavariabledegneroesanalizadaen
suoperacin inescindiblejuntoafactorescomolaraza,laclasesocialolasituacintnicomigratoria
de las mujeres detenidas. Aqu el encarcelamiento es ubicado en el contexto social ms amplio, con
nfasisenlainfluenciadelprocesodeglobalizacinculturalyeconmicasobrelapolticapenal,como
se observa particularmente en la persecucin de delitos vinculados al trfico de drogas. Ambos
abordajes constituyen las posiciones analticas ms relevantes sobre la temtica que nos ocupa. En
estetrabajonosproponemosavanzarenlasistematizacindesusprincipalesaportes,conelobjetivo
deprofundizarnuestracomprensinsobreelencarcelamientofemeninocontemporneo.

NesamMcMillannesamcm@unimelb.edu.au
ImaginingtheInternational:Crime,LawandJusticeontheGlobalStage
Recent decades have witnessed the internationalisation of crime, criminal law and criminal justice.
There are now international crimes and international courts and a common conception that certain
events of harm and suffering are of global concern. Certain offences are conceptualised as crimes
against humanity as a whole and international criminal tribunals have been established to dispense
justice on behalf of, and in the name of, a global community. The internationalisation of crime and
justiceisthusbothapracticalandadiscursiveproject,involvingthedevelopmentofinternationallaws
and courts, but also the imagination of distinctly international forms of crime and harm that offend
againstandimplicateaninternationalisedconstituency.Inthiscontext,thispapercriticallyreflectson
the internationalisation of crime, criminal law and criminal justice, teasing out the nature and
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significanceofthissociolegaltrend.Itwillchartandanalysetheemergenceofdistinctlyinternational
forms of crime, law and justice and examine how these concepts have been understood and put into
practice, as well as demonstrating how the internationalisation of crime and criminal justice is a
dynamic sociolegal process that entails various intersecting shifts in subjectivity, geography and, in
turn,signification.

NicoleVelascoCanonicolcilla13@hotmail.com
LasdecisionesjudicialesurgentesylagarantadederechosenelEstadoConstitucional
En el estado Constitucional el Juez es una figura representativa para la garanta de derechos
fundamentales por eso es importante que en sus facultades pueda ejercer una amplia proteccin
teniendo la posibilidad de impartir justicia en casos de urgencia, es decir cuando un derecho
fundamental este en inminente peligro y no pueda ser garantizado agotando la formalidad jurdica
establecida,debedeexistirunagarantajurisdiccional(Ferrajoli)queleotorgueelderechoalJuezpara
tomar una decisin omitiendo el formalismo establecido teniendo como presupuesto la Constitucin,
losprecedentesjudicialesylostratadosinternacionalesparaelfundamentodesufallo,protegiendola
legislacin nacional y los tratados internacionales; desde esta perspectiva el Juez estara jugando con
elementos significativos para la proteccin de derechos cuyo fin sera una igualdad material, por lo
tanto aunque le corresponde al poder legislativo hacer leyes que den una garanta material a estos
derechos, la proteccin de derechos fundamentales es una responsabilidad de cada una de las
entidades de la estructura estatal por ende debido a las mltiples fallas que ha tenido el legislador al
momento de proteger derechos sin medir su garanta material es obligacin del juez suplir la falla y
velarporsugarantamaterial.

NinaPersakNina.Persak@ugent.be
ProceduralJusticeElementsOfJudicialLegitimacy
Low trust in courts has been recorded in many EU countries. This phenomenon has negative
repercussions for judicial legitimacy, as according to the procedural justice paradigm (Tyler and
colleagues)whenpeopledistrustanauthority,theyalsotendnottoperceiveitaslegitimate(which,
in turn, has consequences for their compliance and cooperation with this authority and its decisions).
Legitimacy of judiciary, objectively conceived, has several elements, some of which are connected to
proceduraljusticeconcerns.Itisthelatterthatthispapershallexamineinmoredetail,concludingwith
wider sociolegal observations regarding legal institutions in a late modern world, where efficiency
oriented goals mix with justice and other public goodoriented ones, often creating internal conflicts
thatimpactonthelegitimacyoftheinstitutioninquestion.

NuriaCanoSunNuria.canos@gmail.com
Transitamosporpaisajescuandovamosacomprarelpan?
Buenapartedelavivencia,lossentimientosylamemoriahaciaelpaisajecotidianonosehaceexplcita
como tal por constituir una experiencia encarnada y fenomenolgica ms relacionada con un estar
corpreo diario que con la expresin abierta de la importancia de las emociones e identidades que
genera.Estonoquieredecirquenohayamencionesexplcitasalpaisaje,perosqueeneldaadayen
lacotidianidadeldisfrutedelpaisajeesmsimplcito,y,portanto,lasreferenciasaltambin.
Siemprehedefendidoqueestafaltadereferenciasnoimplicabaqueelpaisajenoeraimportantesino
que, bien al contrario, la memoria del paisaje era ms implcita que explcita, lo que le dotaba de
riquezaycomplejidad.Peroenestaocasindefenderquees necesarioreconocerquenosiempreel
concepto de paisaje est presente en nuestra vida cotidiana pues el paisaje es un hecho cultural
siempreentensinentrelolejanoylocercano,entrelohabitadoyloobservado.Y,endichatensin,
haytantasocasionesenlosqueelpaisajeparecedesaparecer

Orlando Aragn Andrade orlandoarande@yahoo.com.mx / Lucero Ibarra Rojas


luceroibarrarojas@gmail.com
La Universidad como terreno de batalla: creando espacios para la crtica y la democratizacin de la
formacinjurdica
Las facultades de derecho se han caracterizado por el paradigma formalista/positivista que deja poco
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espacioparalacrtica,perotambinparalasprcticasdemocrticas.Dadoquelosestudiantessuelen
ser meros receptores de las prcticas de poder ejercidas por las autoridades universitarias y los
profesores,laconsolidacindeespaciosdondeseaposibleelpensamientocrticoydondesedesarrolle
el conocimiento a partir de prcticas democrticas, es una misin que enfrenta una gran cantidad de
obstculos. A partir de la experiencia del Colectivo Emancipaciones en la Universidad Michoacana de
San Nicols de Hidalgo, este trabajo aborda las estrategias que se pueden implementar en el plano
acadmico y social para la defensa de espacios crticos que propongan un reto a la educacin
formalista/positivistadelabogado.Particularmente,exploralasposibilidadesdecomunicacinsociala
travs del activismo poltico y la participacin en medios electrnicos. Ambas actividade s se vuelven
tantomedios,comofinesensmismas,quedanunsentidoalcompromisopolticoysocialqueinspira
lateoracrticadelderecho,yquelograncomunicarauniversidadeslocalesconlaspreocupacionesde
lacomunidadacadmicaanivelinternacional.

Orlando Aragn Andrade orlandoarande@yahoo.com.mx / Lucero Ibarra Rojas


luceroibarrarojaa@gmail.com
PANEL:EstrategiasderesistenciaenMxico:mediandoentrelolegalyloilegal
Este panel explora los temas de: resistencia, movimientos sociales, sindicatos, educacin jurdica,
gnero,economassolidarias.

PatrciaBrancopatriciab@ces.uc.pt
Courthousesasspacesofrecognition,functionalityandaccesstolawandjustice
One of the most overlooked topics at the level of reflection regarding law and the legal system has
been the architecture of the spaces of justice. Architecture organizes and structures space making it
intelligible, understandable, and capable of being interpreted as possible, being that the exterior and
interior,aswellasmaterialsandobjectspresentthereincanfacilitateorinhibitouractivitiesthrough
how they mean and represent certain messages. Hence it becomes necessary to make an analysis of
thespacesofjusticeandhereIhaveinmindtheCourtasaprivilegedpublicspaceofjusticetaking
intoconsiderationthecircumstancesoftime, place ofjurisdiction,the historical,political, regulatory,
and sociocultural contexts, as well as legal tradition. Thus, and by analyzing the trends (international
and national) of development of its construction and / or adaptation (types of buildings and their
internal organization, focusing on different infrastructures and accessibilities) and respective use,
including,here,therepresentationsandspatialpracticesoftherealactors(professionalsandusers),I
proposetoconsidertheimportanceofregardingcourthouses,asspacesofjustice,throughthelenses
givenbythefunctionsofrecognition,functionalityandaccesstolawandjustice.

PaulBlokkerpaulus.blokker@unitn.it
TheGlobalLegalCultureofNewConstitutionalismandContendingVocabularies
A distinctive transnational legal culture of new constitutionalism has emerged in the postSecond
World War era. It is based on a set of interpretations and a vocabulary that resounds in a distinctive
constitutionaldesign.Thisgloballydominantsetofideastakesdifferentformsinspecificcontexts,and
is contested in a variety of ways. The paper will explore how contesting constitutional vocabularies
interact and emerge beyond strictly national constitutional contexts. Critical vocabularies can be
related to distinct transnational constitutional regimes that constitute the transnational space,
includingeconomic,legal,anddemocraticconstitutionalism.Vocabulariescanbefurtherdifferentiated
regarding their degree of openness to various constitutional environments and to multiple levels of
governance.Thepaperwillexploresomeexamplesofbottomupvocabulariesthatseektochangethe
Europeantransnationalmakeup.

PaulBlokkerpaulus.blokker@unitn.it
Constitutionalsociology,politics,andjustification
A constitutional sociology is crucial for the exploration and study of the meaning and practice of
constitutionalism in postWestphalian times. The insights are not merely empirical in that a
constitutional sociology helps to conceptually clarify how constitutional arrangements are irreducible
tostateordersandmanifestthemselvesinvariousfunctionalcontexts.Thereishowevertheriskthat
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anemphasisonfunctionalityandarrangementsgroundedincontextascendinglegalrightsdownplays
the role of agency, conflict, and power differentials (politics) as well as the pluralistically normative
dimension of constitutions. The chapter will suggest one way of correcting such a bias by relating
constitutional sociology to political sociology and by endorsing the analysis of the role of various
relevantactors(ofapolitical,legal,economicandsocialnature)inprocessesofconstitutionalization.A
political sociology may help to analyse the emergence of constitutions as dynamic and conflictive
interactionbyvariousactors.Itfurthermayhelptoexplorethenormativedimensionofconstitutions,
not in the sense of a universalist, substantive template of constitutionalism as some constitutional
theoristshold,butratherasrelatedtocontextualjustificatorystrugglesbyconstitutional''subjects''.In
so far as constitutions are arrangements that provide for the foundations of social orders, the
circumscription of politics, and the expression of selfgovernment, they are subject to the need for
justificationthroughconstitutionallyjustificatorynarratives.

Pedro Heitor Barros Geraldo pedrogeraldo@id.uff.br / Ana Paula de Oliveira Sciammarella


anapaula.dh@gmail.com
Judiginggender:AnanalysisofjudicialadministrationofgenderconflictsinRiodeJaneiro
This paper seeks to comprehend how judges administrate gender conflicts in Rio de Janeiro. In 2007,
CourtsofdomesticviolenceswerecreatedinBrazilwhereonlywomenarevictims.Thesecourtshavea
protective meaning. Feminist studies pointed to the necessity of specific gender courts in orther to
increasegenderequality.Besidesthesestudiesshownhowlawhasbeenenforcedinthosecourtsina
criticalpointofview.Thesestudiesstatingthedificultiesandresistencesofpractionersinenforcingthe
law. Through ethnographic descriptions, we provide accounts of strategies and techniques used by
judgestoadjudicatecases.Weobserveddiferentwaystojudgeamongcourts.Theprotectivemeaning
of law is interpreted in different ways among courts. There are cases in which affection is the core of
conflict.Thosecasesareveryhardtobeseizedbyjudgeswhofeelobligedtosentenceagainstthelaw.
There cases in which the conflict is already over and the victim ask to quit the procedure. And also,
therearecasesthatarejudgeingroup,thatis,manyvistimsarequestionedtoquittheprocedure.In
conclusion,wesuggestthatlawenforcementdependsontheengagementofjudgeswiththegoalsof
thesecourts,butalsoonthesensibilityofjudgestoidentifythecoreofconflicts.

PeterBergwallpeter.bergwall@soclaw.lu.se
OnlinePrivacyandSwedishHealthCareRegisters
The Public Health Agency in Sweden (Folkhlsomyndigheten) is responsible for a national vaccination
register as well as an electronic reporting system for the most serious communicable diseases
(SmiNet). It is not possible for Swedish citizens to decline participation in these registers. As a
consequence, both registers are surrounded by a considerable amount of restrictions to protect the
privacy of the participants. But in terms of personal privacy, the registering of recommended
vaccinations differs from the reporting of, for instance, a case of HIV. The meaning of "privacy" is
however not established in Swedish law. Thus, arbitrary legal interpretations might result in un
necessarily harsh restrictions of the Swedish health care's access to essential information or,
conversely, in unjustified infringements of the personal privacy of people. Furthermore, the rapid
evolution in information technology has changed the premises for collecting, storing and analyzing
health care information.It has also changed the way we look at privacy issues related to the internet
(onlineprivacy)aswellaswhatweexpecttoreceivefrompublicauthoritiesinreturnforgivingthem
access to our information. In this PhD project I aim to define the concept of privacy in health care
registerssocially,legallyandonline.

PierreGuibentifpierre.guibentif@iscte.pt
Studying the Emergence of the right to privacy. A suggestion for the future agenda of sociology of
law
Ournotionofprivacyis,tosomeextentatleast,shapedbythelegalmechanismsprotectingtheprivate
sphere, which developed over the two last centuries. The analysis of this development suggests the
followinginterpretation.Insocietieswhichdynamicsissupposedtobetheresultofcreativeindividual
initiatives,therehastobeasocialspacewheretheproductionofsociallyefficientindividualenergies
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imagination meetsfavourable conditions.This meansfavourableconditions formakingthoughtand
imagination a topic of communication. This is exactly what our modern notion of private sphere
performs. A sphere where we know that each one of us may withdraw from actual discussion,
forming new experiences and thinking them over, before joining again public debates and social
activities. This interpretation is defended on the basis of an analysis of the emergence of the right to
privacy in French and Portuguese constitutions, and of the reception of the notion of privacy in
PortugueseXIXCenturyliterature.Theaimofthisresearchexerciseistofeedabroaderreflectionon
politicsincomplexsocieties,areflectioninwhichtoparticipateshouldbeoneofthemajorconcernsof
sociologyoflawinthenextfuture.

PriyaAlvarezpapriya@gmail.com
Complexityofinteractionandtranslationinglobalinstitutionalfeminism
Gender equality and feminism are global enterprises informed and shaped by the interaction
betweeninternational law and local contexts. Equality concepts, goals and paths are negotiated and
contested in the translation from the global into the local. Two major conceptualframeworks are
examined,theUNrightsapproachandtheEuropeanUnioneconomicframingtowardsgenderequality
to highlight disjunctions and convergences at national level. Moreover, the paper discussesissues of
marketabilityofgenderequalitywhenitispresentedintermsofbroaderbenefitsforthesocietyasa
whole, including men, as opposed toas a women's only benefit. The tension between conflicting and
competing theories of change is illustrated through the analysis of current debates on demographic
challengesandageingsocieties.

RafaelAlczarRuizalcazar_raf@gva.es
CustodiacompartidaversusCustodiaMonoparental.Estrategiaparalavalidacindeuninstrumento
parasuevaluacinenelcontextojudicial
El da 5 de junio de 2011 fue publicada la ley 5/2011 de 1 de abril de la Generalitat Valenciana, de
relaciones familiares de los hijos e hijas cuyos progenitores no conviven, ms conocida como "ley de
custodiacompartida".Estaleyesreflejodeunprofundocambiosocialqueafectaalavidaeconmica,
social laboral y cultural de los individuos y tiene tambin importantes repercusiones econmicas y
afectivasparalasfamiliasquesedivorcian.Lainvestigacinquesepresentamuestraelresultadodeun
anlisis multivariable realizado en el contexto del Juzgado de Familia, donde los tcnicos examinan a
las familias con la finalidad de asesorar al tribunal sobre la procedencia de un modelo de custodia
compartidaonica.Lamuestrafueconformadapordoscientascuarentaysietefamiliasyserealizun
anlisisderegresinlogsticaconelfindeconocerlasvariablesquemayorvalorpredictivotienenenla
evaluacin de la custodia compartida. El resultado muestra que el hecho de tener un plan de
parentalidad viable; disponer de tiempo para la atencin de los hijos; el deseo de los menores y la
comunicacin entre los progenitores, son las variables con mayor valor predictivo. Dicho anlisis
tambin permite estimar la probabilidad de una familia de asumir o no un modelo de custodia
compartidaenfuncindesucomportamientoenlasvariablespredictoras.Estainformacinresultatil
paralostcnicosquetrabajanenelcontextodeevaluacinforense,quienesprecisandeinstrumentos
deevaluacinobjetivos.

RafaelBezerradeSouzarafaelbezerras@gmail.com //CarlosBolonha
ThepracticalblindspotinthedebateonlitigationofsocioeconomicrightsinBrazil:ananalytical
approachontheimpactsofRaposaSerradoSolCasebeyondtheCourtroom
This paper aims to analyze the impact of judicial activism of the Brazilian Supreme Court (Supremo
Tribunal Federal STF) on socioeconomic rights (SERs) from a sociological approach of the effects of
CsarRodrguezGaravito''sjudicialdecisionstypology.Overthepasttwodecadesthealmostexclusive
emphasis on adjucation and traditional methodological framework for analyzing the effects of the
recent wave of SERs litigation offered by constitutional theory have created a blind spot the lack of
analytical studies over judicial decisions effectiv eness. This paper considers the STF decision on
indigenous issues in Brazil, (case no. PET 33888/RR), which challenged the administrative boundering
of Indian Territory Raposa Serra do Sol, in the state of Roraima. This paper argues that although this
theory develops litigation over SERs before national and international courts, it is strictly theoretical,
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andneglectsresearchontheimpactsofdecisionsbeyondcourts.Asaresultitispointedoutthatthe
Supreme Court is not able to implement a relevant social change and ensure the protection of social
rights.

RafaelGuedesdeCastroguedes@agcadvogados.com.br
CriminalCompliance:selfregulationanditsimpactintheBrazilianlaw
TheaimofthisarticleistheanalysisofCriminalComplianceanditsimpactintheBrazilianlawcodeas
a consequence of the establishment of normative functions of selfregulation, prevention and risk
management. It was created in the United States, the first country which adopted the fight against
internationalcorruptionthroughainstitutecalledForeingCorruptPractiveAct(FCPA),andhavebeen
greatlyexpandedafter thefinancial crisisof2008withthepublicationofthe DoddFrank WallStreet
Reform and Consumer Protection Act, in 2010. Meanwhile, in Brazil these reflections are already
presented in the new "Capital Whitening Act", registered under the number 12.683/2012, and by the
recentlaw12.846/2013,alsocalled"AnticorruptionLaw",whichregulatestheadministrativeandcivil
liability of legal entities for the practice of actions against the public administration. The shift of
paradigms has been the result of the international agreement accepted by Brazil in the fight against
corruption, for instance ( i ) The United Nations Convention Against Corruption ; ( ii ) the Inter
AmericanConventionAgainstCorruption;and(iii)theConventionaboutthefightagainstcorruption
offoreignpublicofficialsininternationalbusinesstransactions,calledOECDconvention.Therefore,the
adoption of a new managerial proposal in preventing crimes of a variety of types, such as whitening
and corruption, which comes from the force of international treaties and conventions that binds
signatorycountries,havebeenentailingsignificantimpactsintheeconomicactivityanddemand,asin
thecaseofBrazil,someadaptationtotheexposedguidelines.

RezaBanakarreza.banakar@soclaw.ac.uk
SociologyofLaw:FromIndustrialtoDigitalSociety
This paperexplores the development of the sociology of law against the backdrop of social, technical
andlegalchangesfollowingthemovefromearlyindustrialisationtoglobalisation.Manyoftheoriginal
sociologicalpremises,conceptsandideasregardingsocialaction,legalchangeandsocialreformwere
initially formulated by studying conditions specific to Western industrial societies. The sociocultural
consequences of globalisation over the last three decades have, however, affected the relationship
between state, law and society, blurred sharply drawn distinctions between the West and the rest of
theworldandtransformedthesocioculturalsettingwithinwhichlegalregulationisdevisedandsocial
reform planned. This paper asks to what extent sociolegal research has reconsidered its theoretical
premises regarding the relationship between law, state and society, in order to grasp the new social
and cultural forms of organisation specific to the twenty first century global societies. The paper
concludes by arguing that the sociocultural consequences of globalisation erode the traditional
boundaries of law and legal systems, hybridise legal cultures and create new conditions for legal
regulation.

RobertoFragalefragale@alternex.com.br /RafaelaSelemMoreira rafaselem@ig.com.br


When Brazilian Legal Education Goes Big: Changes and Perspectives for the Future (If there is still
one)
Brazilian law students account for more than a 700,000 people who are responsible for circa 10% of
the country's entire undergraduate population. These alumni are spread out over more than a
thousandlawschools,mostofthemstigmatizedas diplomafactories.Notsurprisingly,approvalrates
attheBarExamareverylowandtalksaboutaneverendingcrisisseemtoprevailinthedebateover
legal education. Accordingly, such debate has become extremely prescriptive, dominated by
corporations especially the Bar and incapable to relate legal education to the legal professions'
changes. Everything goes on as if these two worlds legal education and legal professions would
neverinterfereononeanother.Yet,theunderstandingofthesechangesanditsimpactonlawschools
curricula and practices is extremely important in order to think legal education contents and
methodology. The paper examines when Brazilian legal education goes big and what are the changes
introduced by such an offer expansion and the perspectives available for the future (if there is still
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one).

RomainJustonRomainromainjuston@gmail.com
IsForensicsa(legal)Profession?AcomparisonbetweentwoForensicInstitutes
InFrance,judicialexpertiseismostlyasecondaryactivityforaprofessional(architect,psychologists).
However forensic medicine seems to resist to this judicial definition for two reasons. First, forensic
pathologistsworkinorganizationdedicatedtojudicialmissions.Therefore,forensicsisacollectiveand
daily activity. Secondly, forensics is divided in several specialties. The ethnography of two French
Forensics Institutes shows a lot of differences between the ones who work with dead bodies and the
oneswhoworkwithlivingbody.
Thecommunicationwillpresentatwofoldcharacterizationofforensicsasalegalprofession.
First, Ill present a bottom up approach relying on daily observation in the two different laboratories.
One may conclude that the two types of medical examiners have different status, careers and
expertise.Moreover,theyareorientedbycompetinglegalconsciousnesses.
Secondly, Ill present a topdown approach, namely the study of the records of these Forensics
Institutes and of a recent reform of Forensics in France. This perspective gives information about the
wayinstitutionsredefinejurisdictionsofForensics.
The aim of this paper and of my Ph.D. is to present an original point of view on the encounter of
scienceandlawespeciallythankstoprofessionlegalstudies.

SabineFrerichssabine.frerichs@helsinki.fi
Unpackingthemoneycommodity:FrominternationalgoldstandardtoEuropeanMonetaryUnion
Toarriveatabetterunderstandingofthesociologicalandsociolegalconditionsoftheglobalfinancial
crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis, this paper draws on Polanyi's notion of 'fictitious
commodities', which includes land, labour and money. Polanyi focused on the rise and fall of the
market economy in the 'long' nineteenth century. Alongside the economic doctrine of selfregulating
markets, "belief in the gold standard was the faith of the age". While the international gold standard
helped to control exchange rates and balance international accounts, it also diminished the political
steeringfunctionofnationalcentralbanks.Theinternationalgoldstandard,whichendedwiththeFirst
World War, was replaced, after the Second World War, by the 'goldexchange standard' of Bretton
Woods. When this monetary regime collapsed in the year 1971, financialized capitalism began to
thrive,yieldingnewformsof'global' money,such asfinancial derivatives,butalsothe euro,whichis
'embedded' in a monetarist regulatory culture with 'independent' central banking. The developments
of the last century of monetary history, which culminated in the 'twin crisis' of global financialization
andEuropeanmonetaryintegration,raisenewquestionsastothecharacterofmoneyasaregulatory
artefactandlegalfiction.

SakariHnninensakari.hanninen@helsinki.fi
Onthepopulistmoraleconomyofthedebt
AcrucialpoliticaleffectoftheEuropeanfinancialcrisiscanbeclaimedtobetheriseofpopulism,which
has taken the EU, and especially the EMU, as the particular target of its critique. Upfront European
populist leaders, such as Timo Soini, have characterized the EMU monetary arrangements in terms of
the Ponzi scheme (pyramid swindle), which entails serious moral hazards. This is especially evident in
the manner in which the debt relations have been organized to benefit the most potent cross border
banking and financial institutions. In this paper I want to make intelligible how and why the debt
relation and the money question pose primordial and perennial questions for sovereignty (just as
GeorgesDumzilalreadymadeclearinhisMitraVaruna).Byanalyzingtherelationbetween'debt'and
'sovereignty' I want to expose that populism as a political phenomenon is not just an apoplectic and
rashreflexofthemultitudebutalsoexemplifiesaperceptiveintuitionorevenanastuteinsightabout
the cardinal significance of the money question and debt relation to sovereign rule and democratic
politics. Before diagnosing the political effects of the European (sovereign: public) debt crisis and
analyzing how the money question has been translated into political maxims and judgments on
agenda, the democratic populist mass movement of the late 19th century Agrarian Revolt in America
willbevisitedinordertogetaclearpicturehowthemoneydebtquestioncanfunctionastheprincipal
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-51-
driving force behind populist mobilization, organizing and activity. The experiences of these populist
greenbackers offer and outstanding historical recollection which can be used to open up the political
spaceofpopulistcontestationfacingtheEuropeanfinancialcrisis.

SalomnAugustoSnchezSandovalaugustosanchezs@yahoo.com.mx
LasEpistemologasenlaConstruccindelosHechosJurdicosydelDerechoAplicable
La verdad jurdica es una construccin de lo que recordamos, recreando el pasado con nuestra
experiencia de vida anterior, en una secuencia lineal de causaefecto y no como una superposicin
cuntica de posibilidades paradjicas y contradictorias. Por lo tanto, las decisiones sobre el mundo
concreto (hecho ocurrido) o sobre el mundo biolgico individual (la culpabilidad), a partir del mundo
dellenguaje(lasnormas),esunsinsentidoquedebedesenmascararse.
Palabrasclave:Epistemologa,verdadjurdica,fsicacuntica

SamuliHurrisamuli.hurri@helsinki.fi
CirculationanddebtinAntonioSerra'sBreveTrattato
IamgoingtoprovideareadingofAntonioSerra'sShortTreatiseontheWealthandPovertyofNations
together with Giovanni Botero's The Causes of the Magnificence and Greatness ofCities. Both belong
to the Italian tradition of Renaissance political realism initiated by Machiavelli, although especially
BoteroproclaimshimselfasanopponentofMachiavelli.Startingfromtheobservationthatsomecities
areabundantof'goldandsilver'despitetheyhavenomines,Serra'sbookpresentsthefirstattemptat
inquiringintothemechanismsofcommercialsociety.Principalamongthesemechanismsiscirculation,
the idea that wealth may be produced by putting things in movement. Circulation requires that
betweenproductionandconsumptionisinsertedanentireworldofmerchantsandmoneylenders,the
socialbondofwhichisconstitutedbyanetworkofdebtrelations.Thisnewdebtbondofcommercial
societystretchesfromEurope'scrucialtradingcenterstoitsfarawayhinterlands.

SaraMoreirasaramoreira@isbb.pt
TheimportanceofevidenceincriminalcasesA(semi)GlobalizedPerspective
On a daily basis we are faced with news that mention the fact that crime rates are rising in certain
countries, as opposed to others. Therefore we question legal systems, namely the criminal law
scenario. Are legal systems warranting the accused with too many rights, when compared to duties?
Thatisaquestionthatstillremainsunansweredinacertainsense;becausewecannotforgetthatthey
are supposedly innocent until proven otherwise. The criminal procedure in Portugal has to abide by
certain principles, which lead to a due process, namely when it comes to the right of the indicted to
remainsilentandnotpresentselfincriminatingevidence.Therulesthatmakeourcriminalprocedurea
true defender of the rights of the accused (once suspect) are not necessarily the same that are set in
thevariousexistinglegalsystems,questioningtheability toprosecutetransnationalcriminality.What
we propose with this research, part of our phd project, is to try to conclude if the standardization of
rules of evidence in criminal procedure would make it easier to fight certain types of criminality,
namely cybercrime, money laundering, pedophilia (among others), regardless of the already existing
judiciarycooperationvessels.

SaraMoreirasaramoreira@isbb.pt /SniaPreto soniapreto@fbb.pt


DomesticViolence:Destructive(I)mobility?
ThePortugueselaborlegislatorhasstated,since2009,thepossibilitytotransferthedomesticviolence
victim from his/her workplace, as a result of specific criminal framing of "domestic violence", and
approval of the victims' protective measures, promoting an extension of that protection, through
criminaland/orcivilliabilityoftheaggressor,aswellastheemployer''sliabilitywhoislegallyboundto
transfer her/him from the workplace, therefore keeping the victim away from the usual epicenter of
aggressioninthistypeofcrime:thevictim'sresidence.Despitethislegislativetrendbeingconsidereda
worker''sright,thelegislatorhasdemandedtheverificationofdirectandindirectrequirements.Asfar
as the direct requirements are concerned, the victim must complain to the authorities and abandon
the family home when the transfer takes place. Indirectly, the employer must have another
establishmenttowherehecan,witheffectiveness,transferthe employee.Withoutrefrainingfromthe
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discussion about the merits of this legislative choice, will the goal intended by the legislator have the
impact (general and specific deterrence) and the results foreseen? That is the question that we
challenge ourselves to answer with this research, confronting, in terms of comparative law, the
PortuguesecasewithotherEuropeanexperiences,aswellasotherpossiblemultidisciplinarysolutions

SaskiaHufnagels.m.hufnagel@qmul.ac.uk
TransnationalRegulationofPolicing:PatternsofNormGenerationinTimesofGlobalisation
The regulation of police cooperation across national and jurisdictional boundaries differs significantly
around the world. This paper addresses three distinctly different systems. First, it assesses the
interactionbetweentheNordiccountries,asaregionwithalongcrossborderlawenforcementhistory
within Europe. Second, it addresses Greater China, which is composed of Hong Kong, Taiwan, Macao
andMainlandChina.Thefourstates,whilenotbeingsovereignnationstates,havedistinctlydifferent
histories, legal systems and police organisations, which presents challenges for crossborder law
enforcement. Lastly, the European Union (EU) is assessed as a region that has formed its own human
rights framework, as well as treaties and agreements regulating police and justice cooperation. To
highlight the different levels of normative evolution of police cooperation strategies in these three
systems, a federal system, Australia, and the international system of police cooperation will be
juxtaposed. While it could be assumed that the highest level of formalisation can be found at the
internationallevel,thecomparativesociolegalstudythisresearchisbasedonfoundthehighestlevel
of formalisation in all systems addressed in the EU. The paper aims at explaining this development
throughhistorical,political,culturalandlegalinfluencesinthesystemsaddressed.

SaskiaHufnagels.m.hufnagel@qmul.ac.uk/SusanneKarstedts.karstedt@leeds.ac.uk
PANEL:GlobalisingLaw:Communication,CooperationandCompliance
Intimesofincreasingglobalisationpeople,technologiesandsystemsneedtoacquireahigherlevelof
flexibilityasnewproblemsemergeonthelocalnationalaswellasonthegloballevel.Ateachofthese
levels, law can adapt to changing circumstances at different speeds in different systems. A civil law
system,forexample,takesmuchlongerthanacommonlawsystemtoaccommodatelocalandglobal
changes. In whichwaysarenational,supranationalandinternationalnormsgenerated,implemented
andputintopractice?Communication,cooperationandcompliancearedecisivemechanismsinthese
processes.Thepapersinthispanelwilladdresstheseprocessesandmechanismswithafocusondiffer
ent problems e.g. police cooperation, money laundering regimes, human trafficking and
discrimination,andindifferentfields,e.g.criminaljustice.

ScottVeitchveitch@hku.hk
RevisitingtheCommonGood
Doesitmakeanysensetotalkaboutacommongoodinmodernlargescalecapitalistsocieties?Onthe
other hand, does it make any sense not to talk about a common good in such societies? This is our
dichotomy. The idea that law is an instrument and expression of the common good is an ancient and
influential one in the western legal tradition. Yet it seems to have become jaded, if not suspect. This
presentation draws on aspects of sociolegal theory to analyse different meanings of the common
good,itslegalconnotations,andthecompetingreasonsforitsvalorizationordecline.

SolPicciottos.picciotto@lancs.ac.uk
PANELSociologyandPoliticsofEconomicRegulation
The Panel begins from a concern for the importance of combining structure and agency, and hence
combining sociological methodology to study the actors with political and economic analysis of the
contextinwhichconflictsoccurandstrategiesareplayedout.Thisisespeciallyimportantinevaluating
the recent period dominated by neoliberal ideologies, which have seen what some would consider a
paradoxicalincreaseintheroleoflawandlawyersinregulationofeconomicactivity.

Stephan Parmentier stephan.parmentier@law.kuleuven.be / Danique Gudders


danique.gudders@law.kuleuven.be
TransitioningLegalProfessions:aprofileofFlemishlawyers
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Empirical research about the legal profession in Belgium has been quite scarce until recent years. In
2007,withfundsfromtheFlemishBarAssociation,theuniversitiesofGhentandLeuvenconductedthe
firstrepresentativesurvey,aswellasafollowupsurveyin2013.Bothwaveswereintendedtomapthe
sociological,geographical,economicandfinancialprofileoftheFlemishlegal professionindetail,and
contained modules on the institutionalization of the legal profession, its attitude to legal assistance,
the remuneration of legal services, and future expectations. The two surveys allow for the
identification of several trends, i.a. the feminization of th e Flemish legal profession, the increased
cooperation among lawyers, and the increased specialization of lawyers. In this paper, we report on
the major findings of the two surveys, and situate them within the general context of the legal
professioninEuropeintransition.

Stephan Parmentier stephan.parmentier@law.kuleuven.be / Tzeni Varfi


Tzeni.Varfi@law.kuleuven.be
Casualbutsmart:newclothesoftheJudiciaryintheareaofrestorativejustice(RJ)
Restorative justice proponents aim to fully integrate this concept in the judicial legal systems of
European countries. The current legal models demonstrate that the relationship between RJ related
practices and principles of the criminal justice are not always convergent. Therefore, this paper
addressedfirstlythequestionofapossiblyRJsystemintegratedincriminallawofEUMemberStates.
Often those two systems run in parallel without meeting the same philosophical and methodological
principles. In order to accommodate the RJ in a more general legal perspective, a comparative
overview of five European countries will be introduced: Spain, The Netherlands, Poland, Northern
IrelandandTurkey.ThepaperwillthenrecalibratestheprincipleofsuitablecriminalcasestoRJina
European context by critically evaluate the different interpretations and theoretical propositions. This
review suggests that there are important and serious questions about whether a case should be
referredtorestorativejusticeprocessesandremovedfromthenormalpathwayofcasesdealtbythe
court.Indefenseofthisapproachacloserlookwillbebroughttojudicialtrainingcoursesthatjudges
andpublicprosecutorsreceiveinthefieldofRJ.Thelongstandingdebateiscenteredmainlyonafew
key elements: whether the RJ related practices should be mandatory included in the training
programmes for the judiciary or considered as an alternative choice, whether the participation to
judicial training in RJ should be counted as professional development, and whether judicial training
attendance should be leaved in the discretion of stakeholders or defined by competent authorities.
Last,butbynomeanstheleast,aconclusionreflectingthediscussionwillbedrawn.
Keywords:criminallaw,restorativejustice,judicialtraining

SueMiceticwmiceti@asu.edu
EngagingLocalResourcestoPreventGlobalSexTraffickingAmongMinors
Runaway and homeless youth are a high risk population for sexual exploitation through human
trafficking.Manywhoknowthatthisproblemexistsinternationallyarenotawareofitslocalpresence
incitieslargeandsmall,suchasandoftenincludingtheirown.Whileattackingthisproblemonaglobal
scaleappearsoverwhelmingandcomplicated,resourcesexistonlocallevelswhicharereadilyavailable
and could be used to help prevent this sexual abuse of minors. Reducing the risk of minorsbecoming
sextrafficvictimswillprovetobelessexpensivethanrehabilitationafterthefact,bothfinanciallyand
emotionallyforrunawayandhomelessyouth,localpopulations,andtheglobalcommunity.Mypaper
focusesonnationalandstatelegislationsintheUnitedStatesandinparticularPhoenix,Arizona,butI
expand my findings for implementation on an international scale. In this paper, I examine current
juvenile justice legislation and care programs for needed changes and improvements. I suggest
revisions and modifications which if implemented and fully funded could lower the risks of sex
traffickingamongrunawayandhomelessyouth.

SusanneKarstedts.karstedt@leeds.ac.uk
Difference,divergenceandunity:Europeanpenalpolicies
Since the end of World War II, European values have been decisive in defining human rights and
justice, and shaping normative arguments on which penal policies are based. As Europeans position
themselvesasnormativepowerglobally,andshapecriminaljusticetheyareseenandseethemselves
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as cultural peers. However, penal policies, imprisonment and prison conditions simultaneously
convergeanddivergewithinEurope,anditspenallandscapeismarkedbydeepdivides.Whichvalues
and cultural patterns are seminal in creating Europeans as cultural peers in penal policies? In which
waysarethesevaluesoperativeinthepenalinstitutionsofclustersofculturalpeerswithinEurope?Do
they create a European way of justice and establish Europe as a normative power? These questions
will be explored in a crosscultural analysis for the cultural space and the spatial context of nearness
anddistanceinEurope.

SusanneKarstedts.karstedt@leeds.ac.uk
TrustinTransition:Confidenceinpoliceandjusticeintransitionalsocieties.
During the past decades in what has been termed a third wave of democratization numerous
countries embarked on a transition towards democracy, including postconflict societies. Thorough
changes within the police and criminal justice system have been deemed as cornerstones of such
transitions, and (renewed) confidence in and legitimacy of these institutions is seen as symbolizing
successful transitions towards a more democratic police and the rule of law in criminal justice. This
paper explores the development of confidence in the police and justice system for a globalsample of
transitional societies that embarked on the road to democracy during the past decades, and those
processesthatfacilitateorimpedethedevelopmentofconfidenceandlegitimacyamongcitizens.

TakayukiIisaibanhou@gmail.com
AccesstoJusticeintheAftermathoftheEastJapanGreatEarthquakeandTsunami
Japan has gradually promoted access to justice. Amidst the reforms, the East Japan Great Earthquake
and Tsunami (EJGET) occurred in March 11 of 2011. Pacific coastal areas of Tohoku, among others,
Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures, which are known to be in short of legal services, suffered
greatdamages.Fukushimaprefecture wasalsoseverelyinvolvedin thenuclearpowerplantaccident.
The legal treatment of the EJGET, which attacked attorney scarce areas, seems to be a touchstone to
measure the state of access to justice in Japan. Therefore, this paper considers whether the
assumption that "there is a lack of access to justice in Japan" persists or not after the EJGET. At the
outset, reforms to access to justice in Japan are traced (Part I) and a legal treatment to the EJGET is
overviewed (Part II). Then, a shortage of legal service and its background are also inquired in disaster
responses by lawyers and other legal experts (Part III). Finally, the access to justice in Japan and an
idealstateofregionaljusticeresponsivetodisastersareconsidered(PartIV).

TamaraLuisinaMascareoVarastamaraluisina@gmail.com
Clnicasjurdicas:alternativaposibleparaunaeducacindeaccesoalajusticia
La enseanza del derecho no se agota en un plan de estudios en una facultad, sino que debe crearse
tambin una conciencia jurdica y social que implica entre otras cosas la concientizacin del derecho.
Aprender y estudiar el derecho como un instrumento social y capaz de equilibrar las desigualdades
naturales en una sociedad plural. En este trabajo pretendo desarrollar la importancia que implica la
insercindelasclnicasjurdicasenlasfacultadesdederechotantoparapermitiralosestudiantesun
conocimiento ms acabado y perfecto de lo que es el ejercicio de la abogaca; como tambin la
significancia que esta herramienta tiene para la sociedad, permitiendo una mayor efectividad y
aplicabilidad del derecho de acceso a la justicia, especficamente con relacin a aquellos grupos que
porsuscondicioneseconmicas,socialesoculturalesseencuentranimposibilitadosdeparticiparenel
proceso judicial. As como tambin analizar los desafos y alternativas de este mtodo clnico en la
actualidad. Palabras clave: enseanza jurdica, clnicas jurdicas, acceso a la justicia, prctica jurdica,
concienciajurdica.

TerenceHallidayhalliday@abfn.org
TheRecursivityofInternationalFinancialSurveillance:TheIMFandFinancialActionTaskForceinthe
GlobalizationofRegimesforAntiMoneyLaunderingandCombatingtheFinancingofTerrorism
A campaign of global governance and regulation has been institutionalized under the guise of a fight
against moneylaundering and terrorist financing. Between 2003 and 2013, a Third Round of country
assessments was undertaken by a network of multilateral task forces, groups of nations and the IMF
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andWorldBank,toevaluatewhethercountriesadheredtoglobalstandardssetbytheFATF.Inthelast
several years the standards and methodology of the Third Round have been revised and published as
the2012Standardsand2013Methodologytoguidecountryassessmentsofcompliancefrom2012to
2020. This paper reports on the first independent study of assessments, undertaken with the
cooperationoftheIMF.ItcomparesandcontraststherealityoftheThirdRoundwiththeprospectsof
the Fourth Round. It shows how global governance reflects many of the pathologies familiar to
sociolegal scholars in domestic politics, including huge gaps between formal programs and their
intended outcomes. The paper underlines yet again the limits of globalization where international
standardsmeettherealitiesofnationalandlocalimplementation.

TineDestroopertinedestrooper@gmail.com
ItshardtoexplainLocalizinghumanrightsinaGuatemalanwomensorganization
Thispaperexploreswhetherthelocalizationofhumanrightscanbeseenasameansfornarrowingthe
gap between the local and the transnational level in a nonhierarchical manner. The idea of localizing
human rights emphasizes that, in order to render human rights more relevant for right holders, both
bottomup and topdown efforts are needed. On the one hand, local actors need to translate
transnational concepts to their local reality in order to make these notions culturally relevant. On the
otherhand,transnationalactorsshouldconsiderwhetherandhowtheycanlearnfromtheexperience
oflocalactors.
Thepaperteststheempiricalrelevanceofthelocalizationperspectiveonthebasisofacasestudy.By
building on insights and methods from legal anthropology, the paper analyses the work of Kaqla, a
Guatemalanwomensorganizationwhichseekstoraiseindigenouswomensawarenessoftheirhuman
rights.
Through an indepth empirical analysis of the organizations efforts to bridge the divide between the
global and the local in practice, the paper considers the relevance of both the topdown and the
bottomup elements of the localization perspective. More specifically, the paper explores how Kaqla
appropriatesuniversalnotionsofwomenshumanrightsbycomplementingthemwithelementsofthe
indigenous Mayan cosmovision. Additionally, the paper describes how the organization aims to talk
back to the international regime through its annual reports to donors, in which activists stress the
need for a locally relevant approach and for a more nuanced conceptualization of human right
indicators.
The paper concludes that the experience from these actors supports the theory of human rights
localization.
KEY WORDS: localizing human rights, legal anthropology, womens human rights, indigenous women,
humanrightsnetworks

TinnekeVanCampt.vancamp@sheffield.ac.uk
Understanding Appreciation Of Restorative Justice Among Victims Of Interpersonal Crime: Meeting
Victims'SelfRelevantAndProsocialInterests
Restorative justice outperforms criminal justice proceedings in meeting victim needs. As an outof
court intervention, restorative practices are found to be satisfactory for victimparticipants, including
victims of violence. In this paper, I look at fairness perceptions of victims of interpersonal crime
followingtheirparticipationinrestorativejustice.Moreparticularly,Iexplorefactorsthatcontributeto
victim satisfaction with restorative justice and their association with procedural fairness and pay
specificattentiontojusticemotivesunderlyingvictimparticipationinrestorativepractices.Thispaper
drawsonfindingsfromaqualitativestudyregardingexperiencesofvictimsofinterpersonalcrimewho
engaged in victimoffender mediation, before or after penal adjudication, in Belgium and the UK. I
argue that perceived procedural fairness in restorative justice matters because of selfrelevant justice
motives (i.e. relational concerns and uncertainty management) as well as prosocial motives. Victims
appreciate the opportunity for voice and fair treatment in restorative justice because it enhances
chances for justice for themselves as well as for others and allows helping the offender and
contributingtoasafersociety.

UlrikeA.C.Mllerulrike.mueller@fuberlin.de
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Adding Theory to Empirical Research on Law and Social Movements: Courts as a Site for the
EstablishmentofaMovement
The paper identifies challenges in current research and makes suggestions, using empirical data from
German social law. Research on law and social movements is often based on the concept of cause
lawyeringandstrategiclitigation.Itislimitedbyalackoftheoreticalreflection,includingthelackofa
definitionandabiastowardcommonlawstatesandmajorityvotingsystems.Atheoreticalframecan
use the concept of "political lawyering" connecting lawyering to civil rights , and the perspective of
opportunity structures. The latter approach can explain German social law cases: When in 2005
unemployment benefits were reduced, protests took place outside parliament, without support from
established collective actors. They are followed by a constant huge number of court cases. Strong
structuresofselfhelpcounsellingweredeveloped,bringingtogetherclaimants.Thus,anadvantageof
lawinadiversifiedsocietyoccurs:Lawisopentoindividualswithneitheraccestocollectiveactorsnor
economicandculturalcapital.Insocietieswithmultiplelinesofconflicts,itconstitutesanopportunity
structure for the development of new movements. Conference topics: Legal Systems and New Social
Movements; Social Inequalities and Legal Institutions Further key words: Cause Lawyering, Welfare
State,LawyeringforthePoor.

UlrikeSchultzUlrike.Schultz@FernuniHagen.de
PedigreesandPower,professorsofpubliclawinGermany
Academics in Germany have traditionally had a position of high social prestige, the more so in the
classicalsubjectsandparticularlyinlaw.Thequalificationprocedureislongandtedious.Afterthe78,
in former times 10 years of legal qualification to become a fullyfledged jurist, on an average another
10 years of academic qualification with dissertation and habilitation follow with a close masterpupil
relationshiptoan"honoredacademicteacher"andclosebondstoacademic"milkbrothersorsisters".
Thus academic families are created. 15 years ago a professor of public law has brought together all
publiclawprofessorsinGermanyinpedigreesgoingbacktothe18thcentury,meanwhileaprofessor
of criminal law has drafted the bonds and connections between the currently teaching criminal law
professors. These are elements of the conservative professional culture with strongholds in the
associations for academics in the three fields of law: civil law, criminal law and public law. The paper
will give more details of prevailing cultural elements and will ask what their importance is for legal
educationandthelegalcultureinGermany.

ValeriaVerdolinivaleria.verdolini@gmail.com
TheoreticalandempiricalchallengesoftheArabSpring:Tunisiantransitionaftertherevolution
The aim of this paper is to underline the main themes that cross the transition in Tunisia after the
revolutionin2011.Whichweretheaimsofthesquare?What''schangedinthese3years?Whichrole
is covered by the process of writing the new constitution? Which needs have been translated into
norms? What means democracy after two years? Can we compare the subaltern emancipation's
fightingstootherexperiencesofliberation(suchasSouthAmerica,ExSovietRepublic,India).Usingthe
Bourdieusian idea of field, this paper is going to describe the power relations in this country after 3
years, based on field research (ethn ography, privileged witnesses interviews), with the intent of
underline not only the empowerment of the population, but also the levels of violence (symbolic,
political, but also systemic one) present in this context, that is, at the same time, the most northern
countryofAfrica,butalsothesouthernandexcludedsideoftheMediterraneansea.

VickyDeMesmaeckervicky.demesmaecker@law.kuleuven.be
Improving Understanding Of The Lay Meaning Of Procedural Fairness: Reflections On How
QualitativeApproachesCanReinvigorateTheFieldOfProceduralJustice
While researchers have conclusively demonstrated the importance of procedural fairness to
perceptionsofthelegitimacyoflegalauthoritiesandpeople'swillingnesstoobeythoseauthorities,the
concept of procedural justice has remained quite abstract. Justice researchers have identified a
number of key antecedents of perceptions of procedural fairness, yet due to the predominant use of
quantitative research methodologies in the field of procedural justice, these have remained rather
abstract. The study that is presented used a qualitative methodology to examine victims' and
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-57-
offenders' perceptions of the procedural fairness of the police and the courts, allowing to make the
core procedural justice concepts more tangible and as such demonstrating how the use of qualitative
methodscanimproveourunderstandingofthekeyconceptsofproceduraljustice.

VidarHalvorsenvidar.halvorsen@jus.uio.no
NilsChristies"ConflictsasProperty":AModernClassicRevisited
"Conflicts as Property' (1977) is a foundational document for the restorative justice and 'community
empowerment' movements, both as a normative critique of expert power and as a sketch of
alternatives to traditional criminal justice practices. The article is a programmatic articulation of ideas
which has been pursued by Christie in subsequent works, most importantly in three books that in
severalrespectsconstituteanimpressivetrilogy:LimitstoPain(1981),CrimeControlasIndustry(1993)
andASuitableAmountofCrime(2004).Thepaperdiscussestheideasandargumentsinthearticlein
lightoftheirfurtherreformulationsandrefinementsinthoselaterworks.

VittorioOlgiativittorio.olgiati@unimc.it
TheRightToJudgeAsASignalOfDemocraticRepresentativenessAndJurisdictionalServiceToday:
ReflectionsOnLayJurysSystemsAndPerformancesInHigherCriminalCourts
Withincontemporarysocietiesaclearanddistinctdefinitionofbothformandsubstanceofsociolegal
legitimation of the Justices system as an independent State agency visvis the political assessment
andnormativeenforcementofabasicprinciplesuchasthatofpopularsovereigntyisaquitedifficult
issueatpresent.
Theproblemdoesnotstemsomuchbythestrictrelationshipthatalwayshasbeenclaimed,andstillis
established, between Law and/as Justice, and vice versa , but by the substantial changes that
altogetherpoliticalregimes,judicialpowers,anddemocraticcontrolsendured,promotedandpursued
sincethetheoryandpracticeofcurrentconstitutionalorderhasbeenestablished.
As a matter of fact , even at a superficial insight it is apparent that particularly in the course of last
decades a number of significant revisionist strategies have been enforced either formally or
informally,: strategies that can now be defined as a veritable disorganic displacementand
overlappingofallbasicpoliticalinstititutionalpillarsonceenvisagedasproperchecksandbalances
atsocial,politicalandconstitutionallevel.
As far as the Judiciary system is concerned, an amount of literature is now available on disquieting
political and constitutional trends such as the rise of different models of juristocracy, alternative
(and/orsuppletive)lawmaking,judicialactivism,selfsubversivejustice,andsoon.
Given the above, it seems that time has come to rethink the statusrole of the Judiciary system in
contemporarysociety,focusingnotonlyonthestateoftheartofjurisdictionalstructures,butalso
and above all on the Judiciary and Court systems as sociolegal environments in which the re
assesmentandreconstructionofmoresociallyplausibleandlegallyadequateformsoflegalitycould
be achieved by promoting new studies and researches on the link between the logic legal truth, the
technicalitiesofdecisionmakingandthegeneralvisionsofwhatismeantwiththewordJustice.
For the purpose a focus on the assessment of the right to punish as a veritable democratic
principleofficiallyascribedbycontemporaryconstitutionalsystemstoordinarypepoleselectedtoact
inHighCourtsasLayJuryMemberswillbesuggestedhereasaenlighteningstartingpoint.

VittorioOlgiativittorio.olgiati@unimc.it
Thetransformationofepistemicconditionsofthe"StatusActivaeCivitatis"ofItaliancivillawyersin
XXCentury
Accordingto acenturies oldtradition,qualifiedlawyersinItalypracticed,andstillarepracticinglaw
undertheshelterofanofficialpowertoactbeforeStateCourtsandwithinsociety:apowerusually
qualified,inlatinlegalterms,asStatusActivaeCivitatis.
SincetheriseofItalyasaunitaryStatetheformallegalascriptionofsuchaStatushasbeen,andstillis,
legally grounded on the institutional recognition of the social value of their legal knowledge and on
their specific professional performance as veritable boundary agents and gatekeepers between
States power and Societys dynamic in the view of a fair administration of Justice and a peaceful
togetherness at societal level. So much it is so that lawyers direct involvement in the political
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functioningofsocietyatlargehasbeenalwaysbeenconsideredabasicpreconditionoftheirauthority
to speak, of their particular abit orhabitus, and of their specific socio technical missions as (i)
promoters and builders of given social values and interests; (b) defensors and trustees of sociolegal
orderandsecurity;and(c)mediatorsandinterpretersofgeneralsocialtrends.Besides,ithasbeenfor
thesesamereasonsthatlawyershavebeenprovidedwithaparticularselfregulatorysystemofficially
recognizedbytheState.
Yet,ifonecompares,hereandnow,theabovenormativeframeworkaccordingtocurrentempirically
testableevidences,itisapparentthatthewholedomainofepistemicconditionsandcharactersofthe
Status Activae Civitatis of Italian Lawyers has de facto radically changed in the course of the XX
Centuryandthat,atpresent,oneoftheirmajorissuesistherisingdifficultytoredefineitaccording
to new operational and conceptual parameters concerning core patterns of their professional
identity,credentials,fieldworksandorganization.
ToaccountforsuchageneralepistemicprofessionalturnintheXXCentury,thepaperwilldealwith:
(I)thedeclassedpositionoflawyerswithinthebroaderprofessionalsystems;(II)thedeconstructionof
theirunityandidentityasnationalmodel;(III)theerosionoftheintegrityoftheirworkareas;(IV)the
challenges to their own expertise; (V) the revision/reconversion of their sociotechnical
performances;(VI)theimpactofEUpolicy,directivesandconstitutionalasset.

VittorioOlgiatiVittorio.olgiati@unimc.it/AnneJolivetannejolivet@hotmail.com
PANEL:CriminallawandtheAdministrationofJusticethroughtheexperienceofLayJuries
As Lay Jury participation in Court has met renewed enthusiasm in Asia (Japan and Korea), the aim of
the Session is to offer an uptodate general overview of current situation and promote sociolegal
reflectionsonthebehaviorandthedecisionmakingprocessofordinarypeopleindifferentcountries.
TorenewthequestionsoflayjudgesinCourttoday,weneedtoapproachissuessuchasthedynamics
of lay jury selection, the links between lay peoples cognitive attitudes and the judging act, the lay
peoplesstandingasregardscriminallawandthejudiciaryinstitution.Inotherwords,itisaquestionof
developinganewreflectiononcurrentlegalcontexts,oncontemporaryformsofthecriminaltrial,on
the legal actors roleplays and their perception of lay participation as well as implications throughout
thedecisionmakingprocess.
Thematic issues as examples: Social composition of the criminal jury; Cognitive attitude toward trials
performances ; The construction of legal truth and the understanding of criminal proceedings;
Interactive relations with judges and other actors; Jury members roleplays as regards Court decision
making;TheattendanceofLayJuryintermofcitizenship

VladimirVitovskyvladimirvitovsky@ig.com.br
New networks on democratic access to justice: the experience of brazilian Federal Court as a
communityjusticeinslamsofRiodeJaneiro
The aim of this communication is to discuss how could courts act in marginal urban communities to
promote democratic access to justice in civil disputes. The field of research is the implementation of
programsandprojectsofthefederaljusticeinunderservedcommunities,implementedbythefederal
courtofRiodeJaneiro.Theseprogramsbeganin2010andlastuntil2013.Theimplementationofsuch
policies was extremely heterogeneous and plural. Initiative began with a realization of hearings,
productionofexpertevidenceandofferingagreementsbythesocialsecurityinstituteapprovedatthe
sametimebytheFederalJudges(judgment),andthenbecameitineranteventstoprovidelegaladvice
and assistance, and legal education for citizenship, without rendering jurisdiction in strict sense.
Presented through the analysis of Boaventura de Sousa Santos on the relationship between law and
communityandthetensionbetweenregulationandemancipation,IreporttheexperienceinCidadede
Deus, Rio de Janeiro. I conclude that pedagogical access to justice, which means, legal education for
citizenship can offer a third way to rethink the relation between courts and communities for dispute
resolutionincivilconflicts,andhowtorethinkthedemocraticaccesstojusticeinitsnetworks.

XeniaChiaramonte xenia.chiaramonte@gmail.com
GoverningsocialconflictstheItalianNoTavMovement
Theaimofmycurrentresearchistheidentificationofthoserationalitiesthroughwhichsocialconflicts
CongresoInternacional
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUCIONES,RELACIONESY
REDES.ElpasadoyelfuturodelaSociologaJurdica

InternationalCongress
GLOBALREGIONALLOCAL,INSTITUTIONS,RELATIONS,
NETWORKS.PastandfutureoftheSociologyofLaw
Updatedactualizado28/04/2014
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(alphabeticallyordered)
ListadodeAbstracts
(ordenadoalfabticamente)

IISL (Meetings), Apdo. 28 - 20560 OATI, Gipuzkoa - SPAIN
International Tel.. +34 943 71 88 89 - Inter. Fax: +34 943 78 31 47
National Tel.: +943 71 88 89 - Nat. Fax: +943 71 88 89
E-Mail: malen@iisj.es
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aregovernedinItaly.Throughthreeanalyticalframeworks(governmentalitystudies,criminology,
socialmovementsstudies)IwilllookatthecaseoftheNoTavmovement,astruggleagainstthe
TurinLyonhighspeedrailwayprojectthatisanappropriateviewpointduetoitslength(20years)and
politicalrole.
Myargumentisthataformofcriminalizationexistsandtounderstanditweshouldavoidtheclassical
argumentoftherepression(state)andtheoppression(mass).Onthecontrary,theissueshouldbe
analyzedfromawholerangeoftechnologiesthatformasetofrationalities.
First,governingistostructurethepossiblefieldofactionofothers(Foucault1982:790)andemploy
tacticsratherthanlawsorlawsthemselvesastactics(Foucault1991:95).Inparticular,itwillbe
employedtheapproachdevelopedbygovernmentalitystudies,whosecoreisfocusingon
intersectionsbetweenlegalandextralegalmechanismsoftreatingagivenpopulation(protestors):
programmes,discourses,practices,subjectificationsorspatializations(Rose&Valverde1996).
Second,fromacriminologicalperspective,socialcontrolshouldbedescribedasanissueof
constructingasharedmentalityandacommonlanguageratherthanmanipulatinglawsandweapons
(Melossi2002:241).
Third,ifweconsidersocialmovementsstudies,wemayseethatphenomenaofsocialstrugglesare
bettercomprehendedifseenintheirdynamics,ratherthanexplainedasoutcomesofsome
preconditions(Beissinger2002).
Aworkinghypothesisisthatissuesofpoliticaldissentaretreatedasproblemsofpublicorder.In
particular,mechanismsofdistinctionseparation(BlackBlockandnonviolentprotestors)and,
therefore,governabilityseemstobeemployedboththroughacertainuseofthelanguageandthrough
trialsusedasmeanstodisaggregatethemovement.

YenniferAragnMoralesyenniferam03@hotmail.com
ControldeconvencionalidadenColombia:Nuevoretoparaeljuezconstitucionallocal
El control de convencionalidad en Colombia plantea innovadores desafos al ordenamiento jurdico
interno, ya que el juez constitucional tendra que interpretar no solamente la Constitucin y los
precedentes constitucionales, sino tambin los derechos que se encuentran plasmados en los pactos,
convenios, convenciones y documentos jurdicos internacionales, que para el caso colombiano el
documentojurdicointernacionalqueseconviertedeobligatoriareferenciaporsuimpactoregionales
laConvencinAmericanadeDerechosHumanosconlapretensindetutelarlosderechoshumanosa
los ciudadanos colombianos; por lo cual los jueces locale s asisten ampliar su conocimiento o saber
jurdicoenelderechoInternacionaldelosderechoshumanos,ampliandolaproteccindelindividuoen
los Estadosnacin contemporneos. El control de convencionalidad para el caso colombiano en un
primer momento fue referenciado por la Corte Constitucional que paulatinamente fue realizando
decisionesdondelaConvencinAmericanadeDerechosHumanosdeterminoestasjurisprudencias,en
unsegundomomentolosjuecesconstitucionaleslocalesenalgunoscasosespordicoslahanutilizado,
precisamenteporsudesconocimientodelderechointernacional,estasituacinllevaaqueseampliel
saberjurdicoenestamateria.