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Modern Architecture & Structures

By
Prof.M.S.Mathews
Department of Civil Engineering.
TALL BUILDINGS
Burj Al Arab, Dubai
Turning Torso, Sweden
Marina Bay Sands, Singapore
Burj Khalifa, Dubai
SHELLS
Sydney Opera House, Sydney
Nordpark Railway station, Austria
Los Manantiales Restaurant ,Mexico
OLD TO NEW
Da Vinci Bridge, Norway
FUTURISTIC ARCHITECTURE
The Guggenheim Bilbao Museum, Spain
SEED Cathedral, Shanghai
KINETIC ARCHITECTURE
Milwaukee Art Museum- The Quadracci Pavilion, U.S.A
Organization of the Talk
TALL BUILDINGS
Burj Al Arab Hotel, Dubai
Design concept-
Burj Al Arab is a luxury hotel located in Dubai, United Arab
Emirates.
Burj Al Arab was designed by architect Tom Wright of WS
Atkins PLC.
It was built to resemble the sail of a dhow, a type of Arabian
vessel.
Burj Al Arab stands on an artificial island 280 m (920 ft) from
the beach and is connected to the mainland by a private
curving bridge.
To secure a foundation, the builders drove 230 forty-meter
(130 ft) long concrete piles into the sand.
The hotel also features a cantilevered- restaurant and a
helipad.
A view of the lobby
A view of the restaurant and the helipad
Turning torso, Sweden
The design concept-
The vision of HSB Turning Torso is
based on a sculpture called
Twisting Torso.
The sculpture is a white marble
piece based on the form of a
twisting human being, created by
Santiago Calatrava.
Construction started in the
summer of 2001.
The design concept-
The building is constructed in nine segments of
five-story pentagons that twist as it rises; the
topmost segment is twisted ninety degrees
clockwise with respect to the ground floor.
Each floor consists of an irregular pentagonal
shape rotating around the vertical core, which is
supported by an exterior steel framework.
Illustration of the general structure of the Turning
Torso.
(1) shows a typical floor plan, where the grey
circle denotes the core and blue shapes denote
the steel framework.
(2) shows the way the nine segments fit around
the core, and
(3) is a diametric projection of the tower..
Marina Bay Sands, Hotel and Casino- Singapore
Features:
Marina Bay Sands is an integrated resort fronting Marina Bay in Singapore
The resort is designed by Moshe Safdie, who says it was initially inspired by card decks.
Marina Bay Sands hotel comprises of three 55 storey towers.
The three towers is connected with a one hectare roof sky park offering 360-degree views of
Singapores skyline and featuring beautifully sculptured gardens, restaurants and a swimming pool.
Infinity pool on the sky park
The Casino
Features:
In addition to the casino, other key
components of the plan are three hotel towers
with 2,500 rooms and suites, a 200,000-
square-foot Art Science Museum , a
convention centre capable of accommodating
up to 45,000 people and a shopping mall.
The Sky Park is home to the world's longest
elevated swimming pool.
Retail Mall
Marina Bay- Arts and Science Museum:
The design for the arts and science museum
was derived from the Lotus flower.
The structure is supported by steel colums,
and when viewed from far it gives an illusion
as though the building is floating on the sea.
Marina Bay- Louis Vuitton Store-
The store is made to float on the sea next the
tower and it is accessible by a bridge.
It also features a viewing deck around the
store.
Floating Louis Vuitton store on the sea
Arts and Science Museum conceptual sketch
A view of the Arts and Science Museum
c
Burj Khalifa- Dubai
Architecture and design concepts:
The tower is designed by Skidmore, Owings and
Merrill.
The design architect Adrian Smith has said the
triple-lobed footprint of the building was inspired by
the flower Hymenocallis.
The design not only reduces wind forces on the
building, but also allows each tenant to have an
incredible view of the surroundings.
The end product is a visually stunning building
towering over the Dubai skyline.
At over 828 metres (2,716.5 feet) and more
than 160 stories, Burj Khalifa holds the record
for the Tallest building in the world
SHELLS
Sydney Opera House, Sydney
Design concept-
The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney, New South Wales,
Australia.
It was conceived and largely built by Danish architect Jorn Utzon, opening in 1973
Inspiration for the structure came from seeing the naval charts over Sydney, on which were shown
the sandstone heads at the entrance to Sydney Harbour. These heads slope upwards to the Gap,
where they drop abruptly to the sea.
A concept sketch by Utzon
Design concept-
Initially, no definite geometry for the shells had
been established, but, as work progressed, the shells
were developed according to a spherical geometry
and suddenly had a common denominator, the
same spherical surface to deal with, with a similar
curvature throughout.
A wooden sculpture showing how the shells were shaped
Nordpark railway station, Innsbruck, Austria
Design concept-
Built in 2007 by Zaha Hadid and architects.
Shell & Shadow: a unique architectural
language of fluidity wad adapted in this design of
Innsbrucks northern chain of mountains
The design team studied natural phenomena
such as glacial moraines and ice movements to
develop a fluid language of natural ice formations,
like a frozen stream on the mountainside.
These lightweight, organic roof structures
floating on top of concrete plinths provide the
global benchmark for the use of double-curvature
glass in construction.
An exterior view of the station
An interior view of the station Computer generated model of the station
Los Manantiales Restaurant ,Xochimilco, Mexico
Design concept-
The restaurant was designed by architect Felix
Candela in 1958
The form of the shell was a play of the hypar
with free curved edges, that is, the edges of the
shell are parabolic and free of any edge stiffeners
that would conceal the thinness of the shell.
At the supports, Candela anchored the V-beams
into inverted umbrella footings, which cup the
earth to prevent the shell from sinking into the
soft Mexican soil.
To resist lateral thrusts, he linked adjacent
footings with steel tie-bars, thus allowing the
umbrella footings to carry only vertical loads.
An interior view of the restaurant
An schematic model of the structure
An elevation drawn by the architect during the
concept stage
OLD TO NEW
Da Vinci bridge, Norway
Design concept and th structure-
Leonardo Da Vinci first sketched the bridge in
1502 for a Sultan , one of many proposed designs
for a new bridge.
About 500 years later, the Norwegian artist
Vebjorn Sand saw a sketch and decided to make
the sketches into an live structure in Aas,
Norway.
Architect Tarja Koskinen helped adapt Da
Vinci's original design. She believes the original
bridge would have needed to be broader but
would have worked just as well.
The new bridge has been built from wood and
spans 100 metres. The material used majorly was
Glulam.
FUTURISTIC ARCHITECTURE
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain
The structure and design concept-
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum of modern and contemporary art, designed by
Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry and located in Bilbao, Spain.
The curves on the exterior of the building were intended to appear random; the architect said that
"the randomness of the curves are designed to catch the light".
A concept sketch by Gehry
The structure-
The Guggenheim Museum was completed in 1997 to
critical and popular praise.
The museum is clad in glass, titanium, and
limestone
The museum is seamlessly integrated into the urban
context, unfolding its interconnecting shapes of stone,
glass and titanium along the Nervin River in the old
industrial heart of the city; while modest from street
level, it is most impressive when viewed from the
river.
An interior view of the Museum.
U.K Pavilion- SEED Cathedral, Shanghai
Features and design concept-
The UK pavilion at Expo 2010, colloquially
known as the Seed Cathedral, was a sculpture
structure designed by designer Thomas
Heatherwick.
It referenced the race to save seeds from round
the world in banks, and housed 60,000 plant
seeds at the end of acrylic rods, held in place by
geometrically-cut holes with the rods inserted
therein.
At night, light sources inside each rod allow the
whole structure to glow. As the wind moves past,
the building and its optic "hairs" gently move to
create a dynamic effect.
Day time Interior view
Night Interior view
KINETIC ARCHITECTURE
Milwaukee Art Museum- The Quadracci Pavilion, U.S.A
Design concept-
The Quadracci Pavilion of the art gallery was
designed by the renowned Spanish architect -
Santiago Calatrava
Calatravas idea was to design a glowing lantern
on the downtown lakefront, radiating
light in all directions.
He chose to execute this concept through a
pavilion featuring a vast, glass-enclosed reception
hall with a transparent, boat-like prow of unique
design, facing the lake and a huge, wing-like
sunscreen .
Conceptual Sketches by Calatrava
Watercolor painting during concept stage by
Calatrava
A model showing the movements of the wings
An Interior View of the structure.
Features-
The wings/fins open and close at the same time
every day.
The building is designed such a way that it uses
natural light all during day time.
A View of the structure from the sea.
How the structure works-
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGQJPkQL0f
U&feature=related
Thank You