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[NB: The following outline will help in taking a reader through the slides which were used in a Powerpoint Presentation for the talk. All the slides are attached to this outline.]

LUMEN GENTIUM: AFFIRMING THE TRADITION AND CREATING THE SPACE FOR POSSIBLE FUTURES

INTRODUCTION “…we could be generations trying to live out fully all the implications of that document[Cardinal John Dearden, 1979]

PART ONE: BACKGROUND TO THE COUNCIL DISCUSSIONS ON THE CHURCH

  • A. CounterReformation, Apologetic, NeoScholastic Ecclesiology

    • 1. “perfect and unequal (hierarchical) society”

    • 2. “teaching Church” and “listening Church”

    • 3. nonCatholic Christians: categories of “schismatics” and “heretics”

  • B. Incomplete Nature of Vatican I

  • C. Catholic Action and Lay Involvement in the Church’s Apostolate

  • D. Pius XII

    • 1. Encyclicals on the Church, on the study of Scripture, on liturgy, and on current

  • theological trends

    • 2. Dogma on the Assumption

    • E. Pope John XXIII’s Ecumenical Openness

    • F. The Months Leading up to Session One of the Council

    PART TWO: FROM PREPARATORY SCHEMA DE ECCLESIA TO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN GENTIUM

    • A. The questions and concerns which shape the document

      • 1. Nature and completeness of the visible Catholic Church

      • 2. Relationship between hierarchy and laity

      • 3. The call to holiness

      • 4. Ecumenism and the relationship of nonCatholic Christians to the Catholic Church

    5.

    Relationship of Bishops to Pope

    • 6. Mary and the Church

    • B. The Preparatory Schema of 1962

    • C. The 1963 Text and Its Changes

    • D. The Final Text of Lumen Gentium

      • 1. Placing chapter on People of God before chapter on the Hierarchical Structure

      • 2. Dividing Call to Holiness into two chapters but with chapter on Religious Life after the Universal Call to Holiness

      • 3. Adding chapter on Eschatological Nature of the Church

      • 4. Including chapter on Mary

      • 5. The Explanatory Notes inserted at the end

    PART THREE: A MORE DETAILED REVIEW OF CHAPTERS ONE THROUGH FIVE OF THE FINAL TEXT OF LUMEN GENTIUM

    Chapter One: The Mystery of the Church

    • 1. Use of Scriptural and sacramental language for core description of the Church (Title; #1, cf. #48; #6)

    • 2. Rooted in the Trinitarian life of God (#24)

    • 3. Church as greater than the visible Church membership

      • a. Church “from Abel” (#2)

      • b. Language of incorporation, allowing for various types of connection rather than “membership” in/out (#8, cf. #13#15)

      • c. True Church “subsists in” Catholic Church (#8)

  • 4. At the same time holy and in need of purification (#8; cf. #15)

  • Chapter Two: The People of God

    • 1. Placement of the Chapter

    • 2. Threefold “office” of Christ underlines the commonality of all in the Church

      • a. Sharing in the one priesthood of Jesus Christ (#10, but difference “in essence”)

      • b. Sharing in the prophetic ministry of Christ (#12, “sensus fidei”)

      • c. Sharing in the kingly ministry of Christ (#13, charisms for the building up of Church”, cf. #4, #30)

  • 3. Pilgrim People ( #14, cf. #7 and especially all of Chapter VII)

  • 4.

    Mission to bring gospel to all (#17 but cf. #16 on universal saving will of God)

    Chapter Three: On the Hierarchical Structure of the Church; In Particular the Episcopate

    • 1. Office of bishop as divinely instituted (#1820)

      • a. Ordained to fullness of sacrament of Orders (#21, #23)

      • b. Vicars of Christ not simply vicars of the Pope (#2327)

      • c. The universal Church is present in the local Church (#26)

  • 2. Collegial nature of episcopacy and relation to primacy of Pope (#2223)

    • a. Sharing in the charism of infallibility (#25)

    • b. “Religious submission of mind and will” (#25)

    • c. Nota praevia explicativa (Appendix)

  • Chapter Four: The Laity

    • 1. The importance of but difficulty in articulating a ‘theology of laity’ (described negatively as ‘not ordained or religious’, #31)

    • 2. The positive reality of the laity (share in 3fold office, #3336)

      • a. in the world (#36)

      • b. within the Church (relationship to pastors, freedom and responsibility to speak up, #37)

    Chapter Five: The Universal Call to Holiness in the Church

    • 1. Some insights from chapter 2 on People of God (cf. #11, domestic Church) and chapter 4 on Laity (cf. #34 on what Eucharist entails)

    • 2. Universal call to holiness (Title, #39, #40, #41) and so all can find it in their life

      • a. Holiness as grace of God, sharing in God’s life and glory, oriented to charity (#39, #42), found in one’s regular daily state of life (#41), without excluding special calls to holiness (#42)

      • b. variety of ways, not just language of two ways (evangelical counsels/ commandments) (#4041)

  • 3. Abiding importance of evangelical way of life for all in the Church (#39, #42, cf. chapter 6 on Religious Life)

  • PART FOUR: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF LUMEN GENTIUM: AFFIRMING THE TRADITION AND OPENING SPACE FOR POSSIBLE FUTURES

    A. Opening space for the kingdom of God: Embrace the journey—possibility for hope

    1.

    The language of unity of visibly structured and Mystical Body, analogous to a prolongation of the Incarnation, the holiness of the Church

    • 2. Yet the mystery and sacramental nature of the Church, a pilgrim Church, in need of purification and reform, eschatological nature of the Church

    • B. Opening space for the fundamental importance of baptismal identity: Honor your

    baptismal identity—possibility for ongoing conversion

    • 1. Hierarchical structure as divinely instituted and constant inserts to highlight that reality, submission of mind and will to authoritative teaching

    • 2. Yet People of God, universal call to holiness common priesthood of all believers the use of concept of “office” rather than only “power”, all sharing in the threefold office of Christ , obligation of laity to share their wisdom for good of Church

    • C. Opening space for a model ecclesiology of communion: Intentionally practice that

    type of communion—possibility for full participation

    • 1. The continual insertions on the primacy and freedom of the pope, the nota praevia explicativa

    • 2. Yet Collegiality of bishops as apostolic successors and vicars of Christ, their universal responsibility and authority, local and particular churches, sharing in the infallibility of the whole Church,

    • D. Opening space for a fully catholic Church: Cherish fellow travelers along the

    way—possibility for solidarity

    • 1. The Church as a visibly structured Church united with the pope, necessity of that Church for salvation, the responsibility of all in that Church to bring the full understanding of the gospel to all in the world

    • 2. Yet a Church “from Abel”, language of incorporation and not simply membership, God’s saving grace offered to all even those not in the visible Church, saving grace at work within other than Catholic ecclesial realities, Church of Jesus Christ ‘subsists in’ the Catholic Church

    CONCLUSION “We are prophets of a future not our own” [Cardinal John Dearden, 1979]

    [NB: Attached at the end of this document is the full text of the homily from 1979, highlighting where portions were taken to transform it into a prayer that should be called the Dearden Prayer or Dearden-Untener Prayer (since Ken Untener, later bishop of Saginaw was responsible for doing this), but often is mistakenly called the Romero Prayer, after the martyred archbishop of San Salvador, a remarkable Christian leader but who had nothing to do with this prayer.]

    LUMEN GENTIUM TRADITION AND TRADITION AND FOR POSSIBLE FUTURES FOR POSSIBLE FUTURES CREATING THE SPACE CREATING
    LUMEN GENTIUM
    TRADITION AND
    TRADITION AND
    FOR POSSIBLE FUTURES
    FOR POSSIBLE FUTURES
    CREATING THE SPACE
    CREATING THE SPACE
    FFIRMING THE
    AAFFIRMING
    GENTIUM::
    LUMEN
    THE
    “My feeling is that we could be INTRODUCTION
    “My feeling is that we could be
    INTRODUCTION
    “My feeling is that we could be INTRODUCTION generations try in g to live out full

    generations trying to live out fully all the implications of that document [Lumen gentium]. I said right after the Council, when some people were opting for more advanced formulations, that we should wait till we had exhausted all the implications of the document that we had. It is far richer than we will be able to grasp.”

    “My feeling is that we could be INTRODUCTION generations try in g to live out full

    --Cardinal John Dearden, May 1979

    1) Develop the context within which the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church emerged 2) P rov
    1) Develop the context within which the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church emerged 2) P rov

    1) Develop the context within which the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church emerged

    2) Provide a deeper appreciation for the final text by looking at the evolution of the conciliar text on the church

    3) Explore a bit more deeply the chapters of Lumen Gentium, especially the first five of the eight

    4) How theological language of LG, if we allow it, can keep space open to be more fully Church now and the future.

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND PART ONE:
    PART ONE: BACKGROUND
    PART ONE:
    DISCUSSIONS
    DISCUSSIONS

    MMore

    ore gl

    gloobbaall iinntterpre

    BACKGROUND TOTO THE COUNCIL

    THE COUNCIL

    THE CHURCH

    DISCUSSIONS ONON THE CHURCH

    erprettaati tions ons ooff VVaati tican can IIII

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND PART ONE: DISCUSSIONS MM ore ore gl gl oobbaall iinntt erpre BACKGROUND TOTO

    1) Rahner: initial constitutive experience of Church as significant as the shift from Palestinian, Aramaic, Jewish-Christian Church to a Hellenistic, Greco-Roman, Gentile Church

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND PART ONE: DISCUSSIONS MM ore ore gl gl oobbaall iinntt erpre BACKGROUND TOTO

    2) Pope John Paul II: proleptic experience of and preparation for the flowering of the Church in the 3 rd millennium

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND PART ONE:
    PART ONE: BACKGROUND
    PART ONE:
    DISCUSSIONS
    DISCUSSIONS

    BACKGROUND TOTO THE COUNCIL

    THE COUNCIL

    THE CHURCH

    DISCUSSIONS ONON THE CHURCH

    A. Counter-

    A.

    Counter-Reformation,

    Reformation, Apologetic,

    Apologetic, Neo-

    Neo-

    Scholastic Ecclesiology

    Scholastic Ecclesiology

    –– ““pperfect

    erfect and uneqqual

    and une

    ual ((hierarchical

    hierarchical)) societ

    societyy

    “ In the first place, then, the faithful should be sh own h ow g rea
    “ In the first place, then, the faithful should be sh own h ow g rea

    In the first place, then, the faithful should be shown how great is the dignity and excellence of this Sacrament considered in its highest

    degree, the priesthood. Bishops and priests being, as they are, God’s interpreters and ambassadors, empowered in His name to teach mankind the divine law and the rule of conduct, and holding, as they do His place on earth, it is evident that no nobler function than theirs can be imagined. Justly, therefore, are they called not only Angels, but even gods, because of the fact that they exercise in our midst the power and prerogatives of the immortal God.

    --Catechism of the Council of Trent

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND DISCUSSIONS PART ONE:
    PART ONE: BACKGROUND
    DISCUSSIONS
    PART ONE:
    PART ONE: BACKGROUND DISCUSSIONS PART ONE:

    BACKGROUND TOTO THE COUNCIL

    THE COUNCIL

    THE CHURCH

    DISCUSSIONS ONON THE CHURCH

    A. Counter-

    A.

    Counter-Reformation,

    Reformation, Apologetic,

    Apologetic, Neo-

    Neo-

    Scholastic Ecclesiology

    Scholastic Ecclesiology

    –– ““pperfect

    erfect and uneqqual

    and une

    ual ((hierarchical

    hierarchical)) societ

    societyy

    –– Eccclesia

    Eccclesia docens

    docens (teaching)/Ecclesia

    (teaching)/Ecclesia discens

    discens

    ((listenin

    listening)

    g)

    ––

    non--Catholic

    non

    Catholic Christians:

    Christians: categories

    categories of

    of

    “schismatics

    schismatics”” and

    and “heretics”

    “heretics”

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND PART ONE:
    PART ONE: BACKGROUND
    PART ONE:
    B. B. Incomplete Nature of Vatican II Incomplete Nature of Vatican DISCUSSIONS
    B.
    B.
    Incomplete Nature of Vatican II
    Incomplete Nature of Vatican
    DISCUSSIONS

    BACKGROUND TOTO THE COUNCIL

    THE COUNCIL

    THE CHURCH

    DISCUSSIONS ONON THE CHURCH

    ----Constitution

    Constitution onon Faith

    Faith ((Dei

    Dei Filius

    Filius))

    ----Constitution

    Constitution onon Papal

    Papal Primacy

    Primacy and

    and Infallibility

    Infallibility ((Pastor

    Pastor

    Aeternus))

    Aeternus

    C.

    C.

    Catholic Action and Lay Apostolate

    Catholic Action and Lay Apostolate

    D.

    D.

    Pius XII

    Pius XII

    ----Encyclical

    Encyclical onon the

    the Church

    Church ((Mystici

    Mystici Corporis,

    Corporis,1943),

    1943), onon the

    the

    ssttuuddyy ooff SScr

    criipptture

    ure ((Di

    Divviinnoo Affl

    Afflanantete SSppiirrituitu,, 1943)

    1943),, onon ththee

    Dei,, 1947), and onon some new insights

    some new insights inin

    liturgy ((Mediator

    Humani Generi

    Generiss,, 1950

    Mediator Dei

    gy ((Humani

    1947), and

    theology

    liturgy

    theolo

    1950))

    ----Dogma

    Dogma onon the

    the Assumption(

    Assumption(Munificentissimus

    Munificentissimus Deus,

    Deus, 1950)

    1950)

    Vision for PART ONE: for the Pope E. E. John XXIII’s PART ONE: BACKGROUND DISCUSSIONS XXIII’s
    Vision for
    PART ONE:
    for the
    Pope
    E. E.
    John XXIII’s
    PART ONE: BACKGROUND
    DISCUSSIONS
    XXIII’s Vision
    Pope John
    Vision for PART ONE: for the Pope E. E. John XXIII’s PART ONE: BACKGROUND DISCUSSIONS XXIII’s

    BACKGROUND TOTO THE COUNCIL

    THE COUNCIL

    THE CHURCH

    DISCUSSIONS ONON THE CHURCH

    the Council

    Council

    ----”s”sppiritual

    iritual ggood

    ood and

    and jjooyy”” of Church

    of Church

    ----”aggiornamento”

    ”aggiornamento”

    ----Ecumenical

    Ecumenical outreach

    outreach

     From the announcement of aa Council

    From the announcement of

    Council onon

     Establishment of the Secretariat for

    Establishment of the Secretariat for

    Christian Unity

    Christian Unity

     Invitation

    Invitation toto Christian Leaders toto attend

    Christian Leaders

    attend

    and observe

    and observe

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND PART ONE:
    PART ONE: BACKGROUND
    PART ONE:
    DISCUSSIONS
    DISCUSSIONS

    FF..

    MMononththss LLeaeadi

    ding

    ng UUpp ttoo Fi

    Firsrstt SSess

    essiionon

    BACKGROUND TOTO THE COUNCIL

    THE COUNCIL

    THE CHURCH

    DISCUSSIONS ONON THE CHURCH

    –– Ottaviani and the Holy Office

    Ottaviani and the Holy Office

    –– Most

    Most bishops

    bishops

    Suenens

    Suenens and

    and core

    core group

    group of

    of

    European bishops

    European bishops

    PART ONE: BACKGROUND PART ONE: DISCUSSIONS FF .. MM onon thth ss LL eaea di di
    DE GENTIUM GENTIUM PART TWO: DE ECCLESIA FINAL DOCUMENT
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    FROM PREPARATORY SCHEMA

    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    the Document

    the Document

    1. 1.

    Nature and completeness of the visible

    Nature and completeness of the visible

    Church?

    Church?

    

    

    

    How complete/finished isis the visible Catholic

    How complete/finished

    the visible Catholic

    Church?

    Church?

    IsIs there room for change and renewal?

    there room for change and renewal?

    Perhaps even Reform?

    Perhaps even Reform?

    DE AA.. QQuestions GENTIUM GENTIUM FINAL DOCUMENT DE ECCLESIA PART TWO:
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    FROM PREPARATORY SCHEMA

    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    uestions and Concerns Which Will Sha

    and Concerns Which Will Shappee

    the Document

    the Document

    1. 1.

    Nature and completeness of the visible

    Nature and completeness of the visible

    Church?

    Church?

     How unite the holiness of the Church,

    How unite the holiness of the Church, aa mark of

    mark of

    the Church, with the sinfulness of its members

    the Church, with the sinfulness of its members

    anandd may

    maybbee ooff ititss iins

    nstit

    tituuti tiona

    onall ssttruc

    ructtures

    ures aatt

     How close isis this visible Church

    this visible Church toto the reality

    God intended

    intended for

    the reality

    How close

    kinggdom?

    times?

    times?

    for his

    his kin

    dom?

    God

     What

    What isis the relationship of the visible Church

    the relationship of the visible Church

    and its members toto the invisible,, mystical Body

    and its members

    the invisible

    mystical Body

    of Christ?

    of Christ?

    GENTIUM DE GENTIUM PART TWO: DE ECCLESIA FINAL DOCUMENT
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    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    the Document

    the Document

    2. 2.

    Relationship between hierarchy and laity?

    Relationship between hierarchy and laity?

     Does hierarchy essentially define the starting point

    Does hierarchy essentially define the starting point

    of Jesus

    urch?

    er ffor

    Jesus

    Churc

     Isn’t

    that of

    markker

    tityy mar

    one priesthood—

    only one

    or ththee Ch

    ey ididenentit

    there only

    Isn’t there

    anandd bbecome

    ecome ththee kkey

    priesthood—that

    h?

    Chrriisst?t?

    Ch

     Do only the ordained have

    Do only the ordained have share

    share inin the ruling,

    the ruling,

    teachingg and sanctifyyiningg mission of Jesus?

    teachin

    and sanctif

    mission of Jesus?

    DE PART TWO: DE ECCLESIA FINAL DOCUMENT
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    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    the Document

    the Document

    2. 2.

    Relationship between hierarchy and

    Relationship between hierarchy and

    laity?

    laity?

     ifif not what isis the difference between ordained

    not what

    the difference between ordained

    and those not ordained?

    and those not ordained?

     IsIs there essentially aa “teaching Church”

    there essentially

    “teaching Church”

    (hierarchy) and aa “listening Church” (laity)?

    (hierarchy) and

    “listening Church” (laity)?

    DE GENTIUM GENTIUM PART TWO: DE ECCLESIA FINAL DOCUMENT
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    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    the Document

    the Document

    2. 2.

    Relationship between hierarchy and

    Relationship between hierarchy and

    laity?

    laity?

     IsIs the Church best imaged as the people of

    the Church best imaged as the people of

    God? the body of Christ? other images?

    God? the body of Christ? other images?

     What

    What isis the

    the relationship

    relationship between

    between charisms

    charisms and

    and

    offices inin the Church?

    offices

    the Church?

    DE GENTIUM GENTIUM PART TWO: DE ECCLESIA FINAL DOCUMENT
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    AA.. Quest Conncecernrnss Whi Questiioonnss aanndd Co
    AA..
    Quest
    Conncecernrnss Whi
    Questiioonnss aanndd Co

    Whicchh Will

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    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    Will SShhape

    ape

    the Document

    the Document

    3. 3.

    The Call toto Holiness?

    The Call

    Holiness?

     Does holiness primarily consist of renouncing the

    Does holiness primarily consist of renouncing the

    world inin some sense and livingg lives of chastit

    world

    some sense and livin

    lives of chastityy,,

    poverty, and obedience?

    poverty, and obedience?

     Are monks and religious better exemplars of

    Are monks and religious better exemplars of

    hhooliliness

    ness usua

    usuallllyy ththaatt llay

    ay men

    men anandd women

    women??

     Can marriage and the family be as full aa call

    Can marriage and the family be as full

    call toto

    holiness as consecrated religious life?

    holiness as consecrated religious life?

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    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    Shape the Document

    Shape the Document

    33..

    The Call toto Holiness?

    The Call

    Holiness?

     Can marriaggee and familyy be understood as

    Can marria

    and famil

    be understood as aa

    type of Church inin miniature?

    type of Church

    miniature?

     Does the theological understanding of

    Does the theological understanding of ““vocation

    vocation””

    apply toto all or isis itit primarily reserved for those

    apply

    all or

    primarily reserved for those

    called toto ordained and consecrated religious life?

    called

    ordained and consecrated religious life?

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    Questions and Concerns Which Will Shape

    the Document

    the Document

    4. 4.

    Relationship of Non--Catholic

    Relationship of Non

    Catholic Christians

    Christians

    toto the Catholic Church?

    the Catholic Church?

     What

    What isis the relationship of those who are

    the relationship of those who are

    baptized non-

    baptized

    non-Catholics

    Catholics toto the

    the one

    one visible

    visible Church

    Church

    of Jesus Christ?

    of Jesus Christ?

     Do categories such as schismatics and heretics

    Do categories such as schismatics and heretics

    best capture that relationship for ecclesial

    best capture that relationship for ecclesial

    communities that have stood the test of time?

    communities that have stood the test of time?

     Can one call such ecclesial communities

    Can one call such ecclesial communities

    “Church” inin any real sense?

    “Church”

    any real sense?

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    uestions and Concerns Which Will

    and Concerns Which Will

    Shape the Document

    Shape the Document

    44..

    RReellaati tions onshi hipp ooff NNonon--CCaaththoolilicc

    Christians toto the Catholic Church?

    Christians

    the Catholic Church?

     Does God’s saving grace work

    Does God’s saving grace work inin and through

    and through

    the visible structures of such Churches/ecclesial

    the visible structures of such Churches/ecclesial

    communiti ities

    commun

    es or

    or ononllyy iinn iinndi divvididua

    uallss wwithi

    ithinn ththemem??

     Does ecumenism mean

    Does ecumenism mean aa “return

    “return toto the Mother

    the Mother

    Church (Rome) or isis the

    Church (Rome) or

    the SSppirit

    irit sha

    shappiningg anan

    ecumenism different from that?

    ecumenism different from that?

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    DE ECCLESIA
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    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    5. 5.

    Relationship of Bishops toto Pope?

    Relationship of Bishops

    Pope?

     IsIs the primacy of the Pope exercised collegially

    the primacy of the Pope exercised collegially

    with all the bishops or alone by the Pope?

    with all the bishops or alone by the Pope?

     Are bishops more aptly seen as vicars of the

    Are bishops more aptly seen as vicars of the

    Poppee or vicars of Christ?

    Po

    or vicars of Christ?

     Directly given apostolic authority by Christ or

    Directly given apostolic authority by Christ or

    onlyy via

    onl

    via aa canonical mission from the bisho

    canonical mission from the bishopp of

    of

    Rome?

    Rome?

    GENTIUM A. A. DE GENTIUM PART TWO: DE ECCLESIA FINAL DOCUMENT
    GENTIUM
    A. A.
    DE
    GENTIUM
    PART TWO:
    DE ECCLESIA
    FINAL DOCUMENT
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    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    5. 5.

    Relationship of Bishops toto Pope?

    Relationship of Bishops

    Pope?

     Are bishops responsible for the universal welfare

    Are bishops responsible for the universal welfare

    ooff tthhee CChhurc

    urchh or

    or ononllyy tthheir

    eir lloca

    ocall ddiocese?

    iocese?

     Do bishops inin collegial relationship have the

    Do bishops

    collegial relationship have the

    aabilit

    bilityy ttoo exerc

    exerciisese ththee same

    same ttype

    ype ooff iinnffaallibilit

    llibilityy as

    as

    the Pope alone?

    the Pope alone?

     Does talking about collegiality of all bishops take

    Does talking about collegiality of all bishops take

    away from papal primacy?

    away from papal primacy?

    A. A. DE GENTIUM GENTIUM FINAL DOCUMENT PART TWO: DE ECCLESIA
    A. A.
    DE
    GENTIUM
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    FINAL DOCUMENT
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    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    6. 6.

    Mary and the Church?

    Mary and the Church?

     IsIs Mary’s reality soso unique that she

    Mary’s reality

    unique that she isis inin some

    some

    way toto bbee treate

    way

    treatedd apart

    apart ffrom

    rom tthhee CChhurc

    urchh??

     Or

    Or isis she also aa disciple as well as mother of

    she also

    disciple as well as mother of

    Chrriisst?t?

    Ch

     ““Mediatrix

    Mediatrix of

    of all

    all graces”

    graces” and

    and ifif soso what

    what would

    would

    that mean?

    that

    mean?

    DE A. A. GENTIUM GENTIUM PART TWO: FINAL DOCUMENT DE ECCLESIA
    DE
    A. A.
    GENTIUM
    GENTIUM
    PART TWO:
    FINAL DOCUMENT
    DE ECCLESIA
    DE A. A. GENTIUM GENTIUM PART TWO: FINAL DOCUMENT DE ECCLESIA Shape the Document Shape the

    Shape the Document

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    ECCLESIA TOTO FINAL DOCUMENT LUMEN

    LUMEN

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    Questions and Concerns Which Will

    6. 6.

    Mary and the Church?

    Mary and the Church?

     Can she be called “Mother of the Church” and

    Can she be called “Mother of the Church” and ifif

    soso wwhhat

    at wou

    wouldld tthhat

    at mean?

    mean?

     How do we treat of Mary inin aa way that doesn’t

    How do

    we treat of Mary

    way that doesn’t

    unundderm

    ermiine

    ne ecumen

    ecumeniicacall rerellaati tions

    onshi hips ps bbuutt

    recognizes the rich Tradition present inin Catholic

    recognizes the rich Tradition present

    Catholic

    ffaaith?

    ith?

    Militant 1964) Church Militant and its Necessity for Salvation Chapter 2: The Members of the Church
    Militant
    1964)
    Church
    Militant and its Necessity for Salvation
    Chapter 2: The Members of the Church
    Chapter 1: The Nature of the Church
    First Draft (Dec. 1-7, 1962)
    isco Cha ate as the Hi ter 3: The E hest
    isco
    Cha
    ate as the Hi
    ter 3: The E
    hest

    p

    p

    p

    g

    Grade of the Sacrament of Holy

    Orders; the Priesthood

    Chapter 4: Residential Bishops

    Chapter 5: The States for Acquiring

    Final Document (November 21,

    Chapter 1: The Mystery of the

    Chapter 2: The People of God

    Chapter 3: On the Hierarchical

    Structure of the Church and

    in Particular the Episcopate

    Chapter 4: The Laity

    Evangelical Perfection

    Chapter 6: The Laity

    Chapter 7: The Magisterium

    Chapter 8: Authority and Obedience in

    the Church

    Chapter 5: The Universal Call to

    Holiness in the Church

    Chapter 6: Religious

    Chapter 9: The Relationship between

    Ch

    r

    u c

    h

    a

    nd St

    t

    a e a

    nd R

    e

    li

    Tolerance

    i

    g ous

    Chapter 10: The Church and its Duty to

    Proclaim the Gospel to All Nations of

    the World

    Chapter 11: Ecumenism

    Appendix: The Virgin Mary

    Chapter 7: The Eschatological

    Nature of the Pilgrim Church

    and Its Union with the

    Church in Heaven

    Chapter 8: The Blessed Virgin

    Mary, Mother of God in the

    Mystery of Christ and His

    Church

    the Church . , 31 – Oct 1963) Church 1964 ) Second Draft (Sept. 30 Chapter
    the Church
    .
    ,
    31
    – Oct
    1963)
    Church
    1964 )
    Second Draft (Sept. 30
    Chapter 1: The Mystery of
    the Church . , 31 – Oct 1963) Church 1964 ) Second Draft (Sept. 30 Chapter

    Final Document (November 21,

    Chapter 1: The Mystery of the

    Chapter 2: The People of God

    Chapter 2: Hierarchical

    Constitution of the

    Church and the

    Episcopate in General

    Chapter 3: On the Hierarchical

    Structure of the Church and in

    Particular the Episcopate

    Chapter 4: The Laity

    Chapter 3: The People of

    God and Laity in

    Particular

    Chapter 4: Call to Holiness

    in the Church

    Chapter 5: The Universal Call to

    Holiness in the Church

    Chapter 6: Religious

    Chapter 7: The Eschatological

    Nature of the Pilgrim Church and

    Its Union with the Church in

    Heaven

    Chapter 8: The Blessed Virgin Mary,

    Mother of God in the Mystery of

    Christ and His Church

    the Church . , 31 – Oct 1963) Church 1964 ) Second Draft (Sept. 30 Chapter
    the Church
    .
    ,
    31
    – Oct
    1963)
    Church
    1964 )
    Second Draft (Sept. 30
    Chapter 1: The Mystery of
    the Church . , 31 – Oct 1963) Church 1964 ) Second Draft (Sept. 30 Chapter

    Final Document (November 21,

    Chapter 1: The Mystery of the

    Chapter 2: The People of God

    Chapter 2: Hierarchical

    Constitution of the

    Church and the

    Episcopate in General

    Chapter 3: On the Hierarchical

    Structure of the Church and in

    Particular the Episcopate

    Chapter 4: The Laity

    Chapter 3: The People of

    God and Laity in

    Particular

    Chapter 4: Call to Holiness

    in the Church

    Chapter 5: The Universal Call to

    Holiness in the Church

    Chapter 6: Religious

    Chapter 7: The Eschatological

    Nature of the Pilgrim Church and

    Its Union with the Church in

    Heaven

    Chapter 8: The Blessed Virgin Mary,

    Mother of God in the Mystery of

    Christ and His Church

    DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH CHURCH LLumen genti tiumum cum cum ss
    DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE CHURCH CHURCH LLumen genti tiumum cum cum ss

    DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE

    DOGMATIC CONSTITUTION ON THE

    CHURCH

    CHURCH

    LLumen

    genti tiumum cum

    cum ssitit Ch

    Chrriissttus

    umen gen

    us……

    all men, every this Spirit eagerly desires, by proclaiming the Gospel toto Spirit eagerly desires, by
    all men,
    every
    this
    Spirit eagerly desires, by proclaiming the Gospel toto
    Spirit eagerly desires, by proclaiming the Gospel
    creature, toto bring
    the light
    bring the
    light of
    Sacred SSyynod
    ether inin the Holyy
    this isis so,
    athered totoggether
    nod ggathered
    so,
    men,
    1:
    every creature,
    this Sacred
    of Christ
    Christ toto all
    CCHRIST
    Because this
    THE LLIGHT
    the Hol
    Because
    HRIST ISIS THE
    OF NATIONS
    NATIONS..
    IGHT OF
    AARTICLE
    RTICLE1:

    aa liligghhtt bbrriigghhttllyy vviissibl

    iblee onon tthhee countenance

    countenance ooff tthhee

    Church. SSINCE

    Church.

    INCE THE

    THE CCHURCH

    HURCH ISIS ININ CCHRIST

    HRIST LIKE

    LIKE AA

    SACRAMENT OR AS AA SIGN AND INSTRUMENT BOTH OF

    SACRAMENT OR AS

    SIGN AND INSTRUMENT BOTH OF

    AA VERY

    VERY CLOSELY

    CLOSELY KNIT

    KNIT UNION

    UNION WITH

    WITH GGOD

    OD AND

    AND OF

    OF THE

    THE

    UNITY OF

    UNITY

    OF THE

    THE WHOLE

    WHOLE HUMAN

    HUMAN

    RACE,, itit desires now toto

    RACE

    desires now

    unfold more fully toto the faithful of the Church and

    unfold more fully

    the faithful of the Church and

    toto the whole world its own inner nature and

    the whole world its own inner nature and

    universal mission.

    universal mission.

    RTICLE 48: AARTICLE 48:
    RTICLE 48:
    AARTICLE
    48:
    RTICLE 48: AARTICLE 48: Christ, having been lifted upup from the earth has Christ, having been

    Christ, having been lifted upup from the earth has

    Christ, having been lifted

    from the earth has

    drawn all

    His

    THE

    sent

    Him

    drawn

    He sent

    His life-

    through

    dead He

    Him has

    the dead

    from the

    upon His

    ESTABLISHED HHISIS BBODY

    life-giving

    Spirit upon

    ODY WHICH

    Rising from

    and through

    His disciples

    giving Spirit

    disciples and

    WHICH ISIS THE

    all toto Himself.

    Himself. Rising

    has ESTABLISHED

    CCHURCH

    HURCH AS

    AS THE

    THE UNIVERSAL

    UNIVERSAL SACRAMENT

    SACRAMENT OF

    OF

    SALVATION

    SALV

    ATION..

    6: The Church isis aa SHEEPFOLD whose one and SHEEPFOLD whose one and AARTICLE RTICLE 6:
    6:
    The Church isis aa SHEEPFOLD whose one and
    SHEEPFOLD whose
    one and
    AARTICLE
    RTICLE 6:
    The Church
    6: The Church isis aa SHEEPFOLD whose one and SHEEPFOLD whose one and AARTICLE RTICLE 6:

    indispensable door

    indispensable

    door isis Christ.

    Christ. It

    It isis aa FLOCK of which

    FLOCK of

    which

    God Himself

    God

    Himself foretold

    foretold He

    He would

    would be

    be the

    the shepherd ...

    shepherd ...

    Thee Ch

    Th

    Churc

    urchh iiss AA PIECE

    PIECE OF

    OF LAND

    LAND TOTO BEBE

    CULTIVATED

    CULTIV

    ATED,, the

    the tillage of God.(30) On that land the

    tillage of God.(30) On that land the

    ANCIENT OLIVE TREE

    ANCIENT OLIVE

    TREE ggrows

    rows whose holyy roots were

    whose hol

    roots were

    the Prophets…

    the

    Prophets… CHOICE

    CHOICE VINEYARD

    VINEYARD…… BUILDING

    BUILDING OF

    OF

    FAMILY,, HOUSEHOLD

    HOUSEHOLD OF

    EMPLE……HOLY

    HOLY TTEMPLE

    OD……FAMILY

    OD……HOUSE

    HOLY CITY

    OD……HOLY

    CITY,, NEW

    HOUSE OF

    OF GGOD

    GGOD

    GGOD

    NEW

    OF

    JERUSALEM……BRIDE

    JERUSALEM

    BRIDE……OUR

    OUR MOTHER

    MOTHER

    creatteedd ththee wwhhoollee wor HHISIS The worldld.. OF HHISIS PLAN OF AArrti ticcllee 33:: FREE AND
    creatteedd ththee wwhhoollee wor
    HHISIS
    The
    worldld..
    OF HHISIS
    PLAN OF
    AArrti ticcllee 33::
    FREE AND
    Article 2:
    Article 2:
    AND HIDDEN
    HIDDEN PLAN
    The ETERNAL
    OWN WISDOM AND
    GOODNESS,, crea
    MEN TOTO AA PARTICIPATION
    ETERNAL FFATHER
    ATHER,, BYBY AA FREE
    OWN WISDOM AND GOODNESS
    LIFE
    LIFE..
    PLAN
    DIVINE
    OF THE
    PLAN WAS
    RAISE MEN
    THE DIVINE
    WAS TOTO RAISE
    PARTICIPATION OF

    esti tine nedd us

    It

    TTHE

    Him

    or iinn

    cchhose

    ose us

    It was

    was inin

    preddes

    things.

    HE SSON

    sons, ffor

    all things.

    Him, before the foundation of the world, that the Father

    us anandd pre

    CAME,, SENT

    establish all

    THE FFATHER

    SENT BYBY THE

    us ttoo bbecome

    ON,, THEREFORE

    THEREFORE,, CAME

    ecome aaddopoptteedd sons,

    Him itit pleased the Father

    pleased the Father toto rere--establish

    Him, before the foundation of the world, that the Father

    AArrti ticcllee 44::

    WWHEN HEN THE THE WORK WORK WHICH WHICH THE THE FFATHER ATHER GA GAVE VE THE THE SSON ON TOTO DODO

    ON THE

    WOULD HA

    VE ACCESS

    THE HHOLY

    ON EARTH

    THUS,, ALL

    PIRIT WAS

    AND THUS

    WAS SENT

    ALL THOSE

    MIGHT

    THOSE

    HAVE

    SENT

    WHO

    ONE

    ON

    ON

    SANCTIFY THE

    THE DADAYY OOFF PPENTECOST

    ACCOMPLISHED,, THE

    WAS ACCOMPLISHED

    ENTECOST ININ ORDE

    THROUGH CCHRIST

    ACCESS THROUGH

    BELIEVE WOULD

    THAT HHEE MIGHT

    CONTINUALLY SANCTIFY

    CONTINUALLY

    WHO BELIEVE

    THE CCHURCH

    HRIST ININ ONE

    ORDERR THAT

    HURCH,, AND

    EARTH WAS

    OLY SSPIRIT

    SSPIRIT PIRIT TOTO THE THE FFATHE ATHERR

    Article 2: Article 2: At the end of time itit will gloriously achieve At the end
    Article 2: Article 2:
    Article 2:
    Article 2:

    At the end of time itit will gloriously achieve

    At the end of time

    will gloriously achieve

    completion, when, AS

    completion, when,

    AS ISIS READ

    READ ININ THE

    THE FFATHERS

    ATHERS,, ALL

    ALL

    AND ""FROM

    THE JUST,, FROM

    THE JUST

    FROM AADAM

    DAM AND

    FROM AABEL

    BEL,, THE JUST

    THE JUST

    ONE,, TOTO THE

    ONE

    THE LAST

    LAST OF

    OF THE

    THE ELECT

    ELECT,"," WILL

    WILL BEBE

    GATHERED TOGETHER WITH THE FFATHER

    GATHERED TOGETHER WITH THE

    ATHER ININ THE

    THE

    UNIVERSAL CCHURCH

    UNIVERSAL

    HURCH..

    AArrti ticcllee 88::
    AArrti ticcllee 88::
    AArrti ticcllee 88::

    TTHIS HIS CCHURCH HURCH CONSTITUTED CONSTITUTED AND AND ORGANIZED ORGANIZED ININ THE THE

    WORLD AS

    WORLD

    AS AA SOCIETY

    SOCIETY,, SUBSISTS

    SUBSISTS ININ THE

    THE CCATHOLIC

    ATHOLIC

    CCHURCH HURCH,, which

    which isis governed by the successor of Peter

    governed by the successor of Peter

    and by

    and

    by the

    the Bishops

    Bishops inin communion

    communion with

    with him,

    him,

    ALTHOUGH MANY

    ALTHOUGH

    MANY ELEMENTS

    ELEMENTS OF

    OF SANCTIFICATION

    SANCTIFICATION AND

    AND

    OF TRUTH ARE FOUND OUTSIDE OF ITS VISIBLE

    OF TRUTH ARE FOUND OUTSIDE OF ITS VISIBLE

    STRUCTURE..

    STRUCTURE

    These elements, as gifts belonging toto the

    These

    elements, as gifts belonging

    the

    Church of Christ,, are forces impelling toward

    Church of Christ

    are forces impelling toward

    catholic unity ..

    catholic unity

    Article 13: Article 13: All men are called
    Article 13:
    Article 13:
    All men are called
    Article 13: Article 13: All men are called

    All men are called toto be part of this catholic unity of

    be part of this catholic unity of

    the people of God which inin promoting universal

    the people of God which

    promoting universal

    peace presages it.

    peace presages

    it. AANDND THERE

    THERE BELONG

    BELONG TOTO OR

    OR ARE

    ARE

    RELATED TOTO ITIT ININ VVARIOUS

    RELATED

    ARIOUS WAYS

    WAYS,, THE

    THE CCATHOLIC

    ATHOLIC

    FAITHFUL,, AL

    FAITHFUL

    ALLL WHO

    WHO BELIEVE

    BELIEVE ININ CHRIST

    CHRIST,, AND

    AND

    INDEED THE WHOLE OF MANKIND, FOR ALL

    INDEED THE WHOLE OF MANKIND, FOR ALL

    MEN ARE CALLED BYBY THE GRACE OF GOD

    MEN ARE CALLED

    THE GRACE OF GOD

    TOTO SALV

    SALVATION.

    ATION.

    They They are are FULLY INCORPORATED inin the Church who… Church who… FULLY INCORPORATED Article 14:
    They
    They are
    are FULLY INCORPORATED inin the
    Church who…
    Church who…
    FULLY INCORPORATED
    Article 14:
    Article 14:
    They They are are FULLY INCORPORATED inin the Church who… Church who… FULLY INCORPORATED Article 14:

    the society of the

    society of the

    Article15:

    Article15:

    TTHE

    HE CCHURCH

    HURCH RECOGNIZES

    RECOGNIZES THAT

    THAT ININ MANY

    MANY WAYS

    WAYS SHE

    SHE

    ISIS LINKED

    LINKED WITH

    WITH THOSE

    THOSE WHO

    WHO,, BEING

    BEING BAPTIZED

    BAPTIZED,, are

    are

    honored with the name of Christian, though they do

    honored with the name of Christian, though they do

    not profess the faith inin its entirety or do not preserve

    not profess the faith

    its entirety or do not preserve

    unity of

    unity

    of communion

    communion with

    with the

    the successor

    successor of

    of Peter…

    Peter…

    Likewise we can say

    Likewise we can

    say THAT

    THAT ININ SOME

    SOME REAL

    REAL WAY

    WAY THEY

    THEY

    ARE JOINED

    ARE

    JOINED WITH

    WITH US

    US ININ THE

    THE HHOLY

    OLY SSPIRIT

    PIRIT

    nothing Article 8: Article 8: sin, but but came While Christ of sin, came toto expiate
    nothing
    Article 8:
    Article 8:
    sin, but
    but came
    While Christ
    of sin,
    came toto expiate
    While Christ,, holy
    expiate only
    nothing of
    only the
    nothing Article 8: Article 8: sin, but but came While Christ of sin, came toto expiate

    peoplle,

    peop

    e, THE

    THE CCHURCH

    HURCH,, EMBRACING

    holy,, innocent and undefiled knew

    innocent and undefiled knew

    the sins

    sins of

    of the

    the

    EMBRACING ININ ITS BOSOM

    ITS BOSOM

    SINNERS,, ATAT THE

    SINNERS

    THE SAME

    SAME TIME

    TIME HOLY

    HOLY AND

    AND ALWAYS

    ALWAYS IN