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Yihao Tian

田毅浩
Twelve pairs of Cranial Nerves

Ⅰ Olfactory. N
Ⅱ Optic. N
Ⅲ Oculomotor. N
Ⅳ Trochlear. N
Ⅴ Trigeminal. N
Ⅵ Abducent. N
Ⅶ Facial. N
Ⅷ Vestibulocochlear. N
Ⅸ Glossopharyngeal. N
Ⅹ Vagus.N
Ⅺ Accessory. N
Ⅻ Hypoglossal. N
Fiber components

Sensory N :Ⅰ 、Ⅱ 、Ⅷ

Motor N :Ⅲ 、Ⅳ、Ⅵ、Ⅺ、Ⅻ

Mixed N :Ⅴ 、Ⅶ、Ⅸ、Ⅹ
Fiber Components

1 . General somatic afferent fibers

2 . Special somatic afferent fibers

3 . General visceral afferent fibers

4 . Special visceral afferent fibers

5 . General somatic efferent fibers

6 . General visceral efferent fibers

7 . Special visceral efferent fibers


Cribriform foramina

Optic canal Sup.orbital fissure


Foramen rotundum

Foramen ovale

Int.acoustic meatus
Hypoglossal canal
Jugular foramen
Orign and Passage of the Cranial Nerve
Name and Order Fiber Portion connecting with brain Passage of the skull
ⅠOlfactory. N sensory Olfactory bulb Cribriform foramina
Ⅱ Optic. N sensory Diencephalon Optic canal
Ⅲ Oculomotor. N motor Cerebral peduncle Sup.orbital fissure
ⅣTrochlear. N motor Superior medullary velum Sup.orbital fissure
ⅤTrigeminal. N mix Pons Sup.orbital fissure
Foramen rotundum
Foramen ovale
ⅥAbducent. N motor bulbopontine sulcus Sup.orbital fissure
ⅦFacial. N mix bulbopontine sulcus Facial canal
ⅧVestibulocochlear. N sensory bulbopontine sulcus Int.acoustic meatus
ⅨGlossopharyngeal. N mix upper part of the sulcus behind the olive Jugular foramen
ⅩVagus. N mix middle part of the sulcus behind the olive Jugular foramen
ⅪAccessory. N motor lower part of the sulcus behind the olive Jugular foramen
ⅫHypoglossal. N motor Anterolateral sulcus of medulla oblongata Hypoglossal canal
I Olfactory nerve
Special visceral afferent fibers

Central processes of
olfactory cells

Cribriform foramina

Olfactory bulb
II
Optic nerve
Special somatic afferent fibers

Ganglionic cells

Optic disc

Sclera

Orbital cavity

Optical canal

Optic chiasma

Optic tract

Lateral geniculate body of

diencephalon
Ganglionic cells

Bipolar cells

Cons and Rods


Ciliary muscle

Sphincter pupillae

III Oculomotor nerve Levator palpebrae superioris

General somatic efferent fibers Superior rectus

Inferior rectus

Medial rectus

Inferior obliquus
General somatic efferent fibers
Superior obliquus
IV Trochlear nerve

General somatic efferent fibers


Lateral rectus
VI abducent nerve
Accessory oculomotor nucleus

Oculomotor nucleus
Oculomotor. N Trochlear nucleus
Abducent nucleus
Trochlear. N

Levator palpebrae superioris

Superior rectus Abducent. N


Superior orbital fissure
Superior obliquus

Lateral rectus

Inferior rectus
Ciliary ganglion

Medial rectus

Inferior obliquus
Sphincter pupillae
Ciliary muscle
General somatic efferent fibers

Oculomotor nucleus

Oculomotor nerve

Interpeduncular fossa

Lateral wall of the cavernous sinus

Superior orbital fissue

Superior branche Inferior branche

Inferior rectus Medial rectus Inferior obliquus


Superior rectus Levator palpebrae superioris
IV Trochlear VI Abducent
nerve nerve
Trochlear nucleus Abducent nucleus

Superior medullary velum Medial part of the bulbopontine sulcus

Cavernous sinus

Superior orbital fissure

Superior obliquus Lateral rectus


V Trigeminal
nerve
Mixed nerve
Motor nucleus
Superior orbital fissure
General
Maxillary.N
Pontine nucleus
somatic
Spinal nucleus
Foramen rotundum afferent
Ophthalmic.N fibers

Frontal.N

Lacrimal.N Trigeminal ganglion


Nasociliary.N
Mandibular.N
Infraorbital.N Foramen ovale

Superior alveolar.N
Zygomatic.N

Pterygopalatine.N
Buccal.N

Auriculotemporal.N
Masticatory.M, et al
Lingual.N
Chorda tympani
Inferior alveolar.N
Maxillary
nerve
( 一 ) Ophthalmic
nerve
Trigeminal ganglion

Cavernous sinus

Superior orbital fissure

Frontal nerve Nasociliary nerve Lacrimal nerve

Supratrochlear nerve Supraorbital nerve Nasal back, nasal cavity Lacrimal gland

Ethmoidal and sphenoidal sinuses,lacrimal sac Upper eyelid


Medial angle of eye Forehead,upper eyelid

Eyelid , cornea, iris, ciliare Lateral angle of eye


Back of nose
( 二 ) maxillary
nerve
Trigeminal ganglion

Cavernous sinus

Foramen rotundum

Pterygopalatine fossa

Inferior orbital fissure

Infraorbital. N Superior alveolar. N Zygomatic. N Pterygopalatine. N

Anterior,middle,posterior branches Inferior orbital fissure Pterygpoalatine ganglion


Inferior orbital groove, canal,foramen

Lateral wall of orbit


Lower eyelid Maxillary sinus
Nasal cavity

Ala of nose Upper teeth and gum Zygomatic and temple


Palatine, palatine tonsil

Upper lip
( 三 ) mandibular
nerve
Trigeminal ganglion

Foramen ovale

Deepness of lateral pterygoid

Anterior trunk Posterior trunk

Lingual. N Inferior alveolar. N Auriculotemporal. N


Buccal. N Masticatory. N

Masseter,temporalis,
Mucous membrane of the floor ofLower teeth and gum
Auricle and temporal region
pterygoid mouth and the anterior two-thirds
Skin and mucous of cheek Lower lip
of the tongue Parotid gland
mylohyoid
Name and Order Fiber component Origen Terminate Distribution

Olfactory bulb Mucous membrane of


I Olfactory.N Special somatic afferent fibers Olfactory cells
nasal cavity

Lateral geniculate Retina


II Optic.N Special somatic afferent fibers Ganglionic cells
body of

diencephalon
Levator palpebrae superioris
General somatic efferent fibers Oculomotor
III Oculomotor.N Superior rectus
Inferior rectus
nucleus
Medial rectus
Inferior obliquus

Accessory Sphincter pupillae


General visceral efferent fibers
oculomotor Ciliary muscle

Trochlear
nucleus
IV Trochlear.N General somatic efferent fibers Superior obliquus
nucleus
Pontine nucleus Skin of the face
V Trigeminal.N General somatic afferent fibers
Mucous membranes of eye, tongue, oral and
Spinal nucleus
nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses

Special visceral afferent fibers Motor nucleus Masticatory.M et al


Teeth,eyeball,lacrimal gland and meninges

General somatic efferent fibers Abducent Lateral rectus


VI Abducent.N
nucleus