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3-10 I E S LIGHTING HANDBOOK

Excitation purity: the ratio of the distance from the white point to the
point representing the sample to the distance along the same straight line
from the white point to the spectrum locus or the purple boundary, both
distances being measured on the I.C.I, chromaticity diagram.
Chromaticity: the characteristics of light specified by dominant wave-
length and purity. (Complementary wavelength and purity for purples.)
Chromaticity diagram: a diagram on which chromaticities are represented
by points independent of the choice of a standard quality white. See
Fig. 4-6, page 4-12.
Spectrum locus: the locus of points representing the colors of the visible
spectrum in a chromaticity diagram.
Purple boundary: the straight line drawn between the ends of the spec-
trum locus.
Blackbody locus: the locus of chromaticities of blackbodies having various
temperatures.
Locus
of
whites: points in a region of a chromaticity diagram representing
qualities that may be considered white under circumstances of common
occurrence.
Three-color mixture: a mixture of suitable amounts of light of three
suitably selected chromaticities with which a color may usually be matched.
Color-mixture data: the amounts of the primaries required to establish
a match.
Transformation
of
color-mixture data: computations of color-mixture data
for one set of primaries having data for another set.
Luminosity coefficients: constants the sum of whose multiples by the
three-color mixture data for any color give the brightness* of the color.
Trichromatic coefficient: the ratio of any one of the color-mixture data
for a sample to the sum of the three-color mixture data, x
=
v v

A
-f-
i
-j-
Z
Trichromatic co-ordinates: any pair of the trichromatic coefficients used
as co-ordinates of a point in a plane representing the chromaticity of a
sample (x,
y).
I.C.I, standard illuminants
for
colorimetry: the three illuminants adopted
by the I.C.I, for use in colorimetry are designated A, B, and C. Selected
ordinates for Illuminants A, B, and C are given in Table A-13, page A-28.
Indirect colorimetry: color-mixture data for any sample computed from
the data for the spectrum and the spectral distribution of the sample.
Selected ordinate method
of
colorimetric calculation: a method of avoiding
the numerous multiplications of indirect colorimetry by summing the
spectral distribution data for specially selected, nonuniformly spaced
wavelengths. See pages 4-16 and A-24.
6. Ultraviolet Radiation Terms
erythemal flux : radiant flux evaluated according to its capacity to pro-
duce erythema (temporary reddening) of the untanned human skin.
*
Candancy and luminance have been proposed as being more appropriate terms.