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SUMMARY
EVALUASI JARINGAN PENUKAR PANAS PADA TRAIN PREHEATER UNIT
CDU KILANG MINYAK BUMI
EVALUATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER NETWORK CDU UNIT TRAIN PREHEATER PETROLEUM REFINERY
Created by ABIPRAJA, GALIH
Subject
: Panas Bumi
Subject Alt
: Heat exchangers
Keyword :
: heat exchanger network; methods of pinch; the trade off; optimization
Description :
Dalam Industri, sistem proses produksi perlu dilakukan efisiensi energi untuk memperoleh keuntungan. Untuk
meningkatkan efisiensi energi, sistem retrofit jaringan penukar panas (HEN) dari aliran-aliran proses dapat berpengaruh
besar terhadap nilai ekonomis suatu proyek secara menyeluruh. Sehingga penyelesaian persoalan perancangan dengan
integrasi panas menjadi kebutuhan penting.
Pada Studi ini, pendekatan Pinch dengan existing structure digunakan untuk mencari struktur jaringan alat penukar
panas yang optimal dengan menetapkan ∆Tmin sebagai langkah awal, untuk mendapatkan Maximum Heat
Recovery-MER, luas area minimum dan jumlah penukar panas minimum. . Existing structure yang digunakan sebagai
base case pada penelitian ini adalah unit CDU Kilang Minyak Bumi. Pembangunan struktur yang sesuai dengan metode
pinch menerapkan dua kriteria kemungkinan. Setelah itu didapatkan struktur jaringan penukar panas dengan kebutuhan
utilitas minimum.
Dari hasil evaluasi, didapatkan bahwa suhu minimum yang optimum adalah existing (∆Tmin 14oC) dengan
menggunakan metode pinch. Semakin besar ∆Tmin akan menghasilkan jumlah HE dan luas area perpindahan
panas yang semakin besar. Pada ∆Tmin 30oC menghasilkan total annual cost yang paling besar
($1.310.133.604/th) diantara kelima ∆Tmin (5oC, 10oC, 14oC, 20oC, 30oC) yang diteliti.
Description Alt:
In industry, production process system needs to be done to gain energy efficiency. To improve energy efficiency, Heat
exchanger network retrofit systems (HEN) from process streams can greatly affect the economic value of a
comprehensive project. So that the completion of design problems with heat integration becomes an important
requirement.
In this study, the approach with the existing structure Pinch used to search for heat exchanger network structure is
optimized by setting ΔTmin as a first step, to obtain the Maximum Heat Recovery-MER, the minimum area and
minimum number of heat exchangers. Existing structure used as a base case in this study is the Petroleum Refinery CDU
unit. Construction of the structure in accordance with the method of applying two criteria pinch possibilities. After that,
the results of heat exchanger network structure with minimum utility requirement.
From the evaluation, it was found that the optimum minimum temperature is the existing (ΔTmin 14oC) using the
pinch method. The greater the number of HE ΔTmin will produce and the area greater heat transfer. At 30oC
ΔTmin total annual cost to produce the largest ($ 1.310.133.604/th) among the five ΔTmin (5oC, 10oC,
14oC, 20oC, 30oC) is being investigated.
Contributor
: Prof.Ir.Renanto Handogo, M.S, Ph.D
Date Create
: 29/07/2010
Type
: Text
Page 1
Format
: pdf.
Language
: Indonesian
Identifier
: ITS-Undergraduate-3100010040495
Collection
: 3100010040495
Call Number
: RSK 621.402 5 Abi e
Source
: Undegraduate Thesis, Chemical Engineering, RSK 621.402 5 Abi e, 2010
COverage
: ITS Community
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: Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained
from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form
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