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Smith HISTORY 1301 FALL 2011

Nhan Tri Du Vo
Class !30"#00
2# No$%m&%r' 2011
(li)ht Assi)nm%nt
FOR LECTURE 3:
1. What were the 5 slave societies in World istor!"
#ccordin$ to %r. &li$ht' slave societ! (eans an! societ! where slave la)or is
de*ined )! slaver!. There are 5 slave societies in World istor!: #ncient +reece
and Ro(e ,&li$ht-' &ra.il )! the ei$hteenth and nineteenth cent/r! ,&li$ht-'
the whole o* Cari))ean and the #(erican 0o/th ,&li$ht-' slave societies in
East #*rica' slave societies in the vast #ra) world ,&li$ht-.
1. What does 2r. &li$ht ar$/e are tr/e slave societies"
0lave societies is a 3lace where slaver! a**ected ever!thin$ a)o/t societ!
,&li$ht-' a 3lace which have these characteristic: hi$hl! 3ro*ita)le in their
3ri(es ,&li$ht-' tended to hinder technolo$ical innovation in those societies
,&li$ht-' tended to have a hi$h slave4to4*ree ratio o* 3o3/lation ,&li$ht- or a
3o3/lation o* slaves *ro( one45/arter to one4hal*' and so(eti(es (ore' o* the
total 3o3/lation ,&li$ht-' slaves were )oth a 3olitical and a $reat econo(ic
instit/tion that de*ined wa!s o* li*e ,&li$ht-.
3. ow does he (a6e the case that the #(erican 0o/th is a tr/e slave societ! li6e
the others he disc/sses.
#ccordin$ to the lect/re' one o* the reasons that the #(erican 0o/th co/ld
)eco(e s/ch a 3ro*ita)le slave societ! is )eca/se one o* the /ni5/e *eat/res o*
7orth #(erican slaver!' U.0. slaver!' is or was' the onl! slave 3o3/lation in the
entire 7ew World ,&li$ht-. 8t9s the onl! slave societ! in the 7ew World where
the slaves nat/rall! re3rod/ced the(selves ,&li$ht-. #(erican 0o/th slave
societ! is also a 3lace where whites and )lac6s $rew /3' were sociali.ed )!'
(arried' reared children' wor6ed' invested in' and conceived o* the idea o*
3ro3ert!' and honed their (ost )asic ha)its and val/es /nder the in*l/ence o* a
s!ste( that said it was :/st to own 3eo3le as 3ro3ert! ,&li$ht-.
;. &rie*l! disc/ss &li$ht9s 3ers3ective on the internal slave trade.
%r. &li$ht )elieves that do(estic slave trade )eca(e (ore )r/tal and $rew
stron$er in #nte)ell/( <eriod. =R>o/$hl! two4thirds o* those two (illion slaves
(oved *ro( the Eastern sea)oard or the U33er 0o/th to #la)a(a' Lo/isiana'
%ississi33i' Te?as' #r6ansas' et cetera. #)o/t two4thirds o* those went )! o/tri$ht
sale' )! *inancial s3ec/lation' in now a $rowin$ h/$e #(erican )/siness o* the
do(estic slave trade. &! the 1@3As' 1@;As' there were over 1AA (en in
Charleston' 0o/th Carolina alone' (a6in$ their livin$s */ll4ti(e as slave traders.
Their ads were in the news3a3ers ever! da!. %an! o* the( owned their own
sho3s and their own B in e**ect B :ails where the! ho/sed 3eo3le. Other cities
)eca(e (a:or 3orts or 3laces o* de3ortation' *or the do(estic slave trade
,&li$ht-. 0lave children' )etween 1@1A and 1@CA' livin$ in the U33er 0o/th or
the Eastern 0ea)oard' the! had a33ro?i(atel! a thirt! 3ercent chance o* )ein$
sold o/tri$ht awa! *ro( their 3arents )e*ore the! were ten ,&li$ht-. #ds in
news3a3ers' li6e this one in Charleston' wo/ld read' D7e$roes wanted. 8 a(
3a!in$ the hi$hest cash 3rices *or !o/n$ and li6el! 7e$roes' those havin$ $ood
*ront teeth and )ein$ otherwise so/nd.D 8tEs all a)o/t (ar6et *orces and the health
and the condition o* !o/r 3rod/ct ,&li$ht-.
5. &rie*l! disc/ss the <ro40laver! ar$/(ents: a- )i)lical )- historical c- econo(ic d-
c!nical e- /to3ian
a- &i)lical ar$/(ents: #l(ost all 3ro4slaver! writers di3 into the Old Testa(ent
to show how slaver! is an ancient and venera)le instit/tion. Ever! civili.ation
has had it. #ll those )i)lical societies had it ,&li$ht-. The! also di3 into 7ew
Testa(ent D90laves' )e honora)le' )e d/ti*/l9 B )e o)edient is /s/all! the
word in the Fin$ Ga(es B H0laves' )e o)edient to !o/r (asters9
,&li$ht-.0laver! is all over the &i)le' in one wa! or another. The &i)le' o*
co/rse' can )reathe anti4slaver! into a sit/ation and it can )reathe 3ro4slaver!
into a sit/ation ,&li$ht-.
)- istorical ar$/(ents: 0laver! (a! have its )ad as3ects )/t it has )een the
en$ine o* $ood' it has )een the en$ine o* e(3ires' the en$ine o* wealth' the
en$ine o* $reatness ,&li$ht-. <ro4slaver! ideolo$! is also 3art o* B at the
sa(e ti(e itEs resistant to B the $reatest 3rod/ct ar$/a)l! o* the
Enli$hten(ent' and that is the idea o* nat/ral ri$hts. 7ow 3ro4slaver! writers
convert it and the!Ell sa! the real r/le o* the world is not nat/ral e5/alit!' )/t it
is nat/ral ine5/alit!. /(ans are not all )orn the sa(e' with the sa(e
ca3acities' a)ilities. ,&li$ht-.
c- Econo(ic ar$/(ents: On the other hand' so(e wo/ld $et $/ilt!I One o* the
(ost *a(o/s and one o* the (ost 3roli*ic was a (an na(ed Charles Colcott
Gones who owned a h/$e rice and 3artl! cotton 3lantation s!ste( in low4
co/ntr! +eor$ia' :/st so/th o* 0avannah ,&li$ht-. e )eca(e a classic
e?a(3le o* the $/ilt! 3ro4slaver! slaveholder. e doesnEt 6now how to *ree
the(. e doesnEt 6now how to $o to e(anci3ation. 8nstead he develo3s a
hi$hl! intricate theor! o* how heEs $oin$ to /se slaver! to save )lac6 3eo3le.
eEs $oin$ to a(eliorate their conditions' heEs $oin$ to (a6e their slaver! on
his 3lantations so e**ective' so $ood' s/ch an even :o!o/s *or( o* la)or' that
he will )e doin$ +odEs wor6 )! i(3rovin$ slaver! ,&li$ht-. There*ore' there
are 3lent! o* 3ro4slaver! writers who also' to so(e e?tent' whether o/t o* $/ilt
or o/t o* awareness' saw slaver! as wron$' )/t the! saw it as a 3ro)le( (ore
*or white 3eo3le than *or )lac6 3eo3le. Their concern was not the conditions
o* )lac6s )/t what slaver! did to whites' and /s/all! the! ended /3 in the
sa(e sit/ation as Colcott Gones. ,&li$ht-.
d- C!nical ar$/(ents: Ga(es enr! a((ond' a 0o/th Carolina 3lanter who
had 3lent! o* (i?ed4race children. e was in so(e wa!s the e3ito(e o* the
6ind o* c!nical 3ro4slaver!. 8n the end o* the da!' he wasnEt )othered )!
(oralit!. is ar$/(ent *or slaver! was that /lti(atel! it was a(oralI9The
onl! 3ro)le( with slaver! in #(erica'9 said Ga(es enr! a((ond' His that
too da(n (an! northerners didnEt /nderstand it is the wa! o* the world as it is'
and the! o/$ht to sto3 tal6in$ a)o/t the world as it o/$ht to )e9,&li$ht-.
&esides' the (ost 3ro(inent 3ro4slaver! writer to (a6e the racial caseB and
the( all did B )/t 3ro)a)l! the (ost 3ro(inent was +eor$e Fit.h/$h
,&li$ht-. e said his *a(o/s line: %en are not )orn entitled to e5/al ri$hts. 8t
wo/ld )e *ar nearer the tr/th to sa! that so(e are )orn with saddles on their
)ac6s and others )ooted and s3/rred to ride the(D,&li$ht-.
e- Uto3ian ar$/(ents: # writer in %ississi33i na(ed enr! /$hes develo3ed
a theor! o* what he called warranteeis(. e said slaves were not slaves the!
were warranties. What he (eant was the! were the char$es 3/t in the world
*or slaveholders to care *or' and i* 3ossi)le' even to 3rotect and 3er*ect. e
wanted a stron$ central $overn(ent to re$/late ever!thin$. e wanted h/$e
ta?ation. e wanted to )/ild instit/tions that wo/ld )e /sed *or the sole
3/r3ose o* 3er*ectin$ the slave into the 3er*ect wor6er. 8n /$hesEs vision and
/$hesEs worldview slaver! was not onl! a 3ositive $ood B it was the
3ossi)ilit! o* (an *indin$ a 3er*ected societ!' with the 3er*ect landowners
*/l*illin$ their o)li$ations' s/33orted )! a $overn(ent that ta?ed the hell o/t
o* the( to do it' and 3er*ect wor6ers' wo/ld (a6e the 0o/th into the
a$ric/lt/ral /to3ian civili.ation o* histor! ,&li$ht-.
*or+s Cit%,
2avid W. &li$ht' The Civil War and Reconstr/ction Era' 1@;541@JJ ,Kale Universit!:
O3en Kale Co/rses-' htt3:LLo!c.!ale.ed/ ,#ccessed #3ril 1A' 1AAM-. License:
O3en Kale Co/rses Ter(s o* Use.