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ADAMS Project Proposal

Indrasis Chakraborty
Student ID: 87441135
1 Detailed Proposal
Solid sticks are primarily made of solid lubricant in a thermosetting polymer matrix. This
solid lm transfers to the wheel ange of the vehicle, and eventually the polymer evaporates
due to high temperature at rail/wheel interface, results in a thin dry solid lubricant lm
which provides low coecient of friction ( 0.1). Then this lm also transfers to the side
of the rail and nally to other railway wheels. So clearly this method of lubrication serves
well for the rail/wheel interfaces throughout the railway system.
Figure 1: Simplied model of wheel bracket assembly
Finally better understanding of friction induced self-excited vibrations such as chatter
and squeal in solid stick systems is very important for designing this aforementioned solid
lubrication system. And a multi-body dynamics model of the system in ADAMS will help
better visualising of the eect of dierent design parameters involved.
1.1 Methodology
Models of solid stick friction modier system in ADAMS will have to incorporate essential
design parameters. These will include, geometry and material properties of applicator-
bracket-stick assembly, angle of applicator, train speed, insert, and constant force tape
spring providing the preload to the stick, and contact at the stick-wheel interface (Fig-
ure ??). Idealized lumped parameter models is analysed in ADMAS to gain insights into
the inuence of dierent components. Lumped parameter models consider the interlocking
sticks and applicator-bracket (Figure ??) as rigid objects and the exibility arises from the
constant force tape spring providing the preload and the instability arises from the inter-
action of the sticks with the wheel ange contact. Frictional contact models (Coulomb,
Stribeck) need to include in ADAMS for adding velocity dependence and temperature
dependence of friction coecient along with variable normal load due to vibration.
1.2 Modelling Steps
Import parasolid models of the applicator along with the solid stick in ADAMS.
SOLIDWORKS is used for replicating models from available LB Fosters applicator
and stick design.
Constant force spring which pushed the stick forward is modelled in ADAMS, based
on the experimental force deection curve of the spring (existing LB Fosters spring
is used for experimentation).
Rigid rotating disc is modelled in ADAMS, which crudely replicates rotating train
Friction contact between the stick and wheel is used in ADAMS for studying stability
of the stick assembly.
Based on sample data from LB Foster, stick wear rate is considered. Stick mass is
taken as a time varying parameter while modelling.