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PI PE

Abrasion
Resistance Test
Flowtite

Pipe
Report Number
T-97-113-B
Date
15.07.97
Author(s)
Vidar Heggemoen
Hogni Jonsson
An abrasion resistance test
program, using the Darmstadt
rocker test procedure, has been
performed on DN600, PN10,
SN5000 Flowtite


GRP pipes.
The average abrasion loss was
found to be 0.34mm at 100,000
cycles.
Introduction
The test method is based on the
guidelines given in DIN19565.
A semicircular channel pipe,
1000mm long, is closed by end
plates and filled with a sand/gravel/
water mixture. The channel pipe is
tilted alternately in the longitudinal
direction through 22.5 to
produce the abrasive action by the
movement of the test material (see
Figure 1).
The test material is 7,100g
natural unbroken round-grained
quartz gravel with the
characteristics and sieving curve
as shown in Figure 2. The gravel
was obtained from the same
source as that used at the
University of Darmstadt for similar
tests.
The depth of abrasion is
measured at least at 20 points
along the pipe invert over a length
of 700mm, omitting 150mm at
each end of the channel.
The measurements are taken with a
dial gauge with 0.01mm scale
intervals. Measurements are done
after 50,000, 100,000, 150,000 and
200,000 cycles. The mean value
measured after 100,000 cycles is
used as the result
of the abrasion test.
Test Samples
The test pipes were: DN600, PN10,
SN5000 produced at AMITECH in
Camarles, Spain. Pipe numbers
were 97/452-T and 97/565-T. Pipe
dimensions were as follows:
Pipe No. ID(mm)
Thickness(mm)
97/452-T 598.0 9.3
97/565-T 597.4 9.4
The information provided herein is based on controlled laboratory experiments using test
methods believed to be accurate. However, Amiantit Technology makes no warranty that
the results provided herein are representative of actual conditions. Each user should inde -
pendently evaluate the data provided and make his own decision as to whether the data is
reliable and representative for his service conditions.
Test Report
Figure 1
Test apparatus for abrasion resistance test
Figure 2
Test material characteristics
1000
45
Cover Plate
End Plate
382mm
20 15 10 5 0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
100
90
80
Grain Size (mm)
Requirements:
Mp = d50 = 6mm
d80 = 8.4mm
d20 = 4.2mm
U = d80/d20 = 2
Where:
Mp is the mean particle
size in mm
U is the degree of uniformity
d80/d50/d20
is the particle size, in mm,
not exceeded by 80 or 50
or 20% by mass of the
material. Measured values.
D
i
s
t
r
i
b
u
t
i
o
n

%
Test Procedure
A one-meter length of each of the
test pipes was cut into two test
pieces (channels), both of which
were tested.
To get the correct particle size
distribution the sand/gravel
mixture was compounded from
seven different sieved fractions of
proper gravel and sand.
Each test piece was measured
along its bottom line at 21 points,
omitting 150mm at each end of the
channel; this gives measurements
for every 35mm in the 700mm
mid-section.
The measurements were done
with
a specially designed measuring
device equipped with a 0.001mm
scaled digital dial indicator in a
temperature controlled
environment. The accuracy of the
measuring device is estimated
to be 0.007mm.
The 1,000mm-long pipe channels were installed in the test apparatus.
The ends were sealed off by plates with rubber surface (see Figure 1),
and then filled to appropriate level with test material and water. A cover
plate was installed for keeping the
test material inside the channel.
After every 50,000 cycles the samples were cleaned, dried, temper-
ature conditioned and measured. The test pieces were then reinstalled
and the next increment of abrasion conducted.
Results
Table 1 below shows the measured
values for all the measuring intervals
on both samples.
Table 1
Measured abrasion after 50-, 100-, 150- and 200,000 cycles
Pipe No. 97/452-T
No. of Abrasion Abrasion Average
cycles in mm in mm Abrasion
Sample 1 Sample 2 in mm
150,000 0.163 0.178 0.171
100,000 0.299 0.313 0.306
150,000 0.347 0.437 0.392
200,000 0.412 0.548 0.480
Pipe No. 97/565-T
50,000 0.275 0.234 0.255
100,000 0.394 0.325 0.360
150,000 0.505 0.517 0.511
200,000 0.635 0.573 0.604
Conclusion
The average abrasion loss of
Flowtite pipe tested according to
the Darmstadt rocker method is
0.34mm at 100,000 cycles.
Flowtite Technology AS
P.O. Box 2059
3202 Sandefjord
Norway
Tel.: + 47 971 003 00
Fax: + 47 334 626 17
info@amiantit.com
www.flowtite.com
www.amiantit.com