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Title:

Blood Cord Bank: An introduction to cord blood stem cells


Word Count:
566
Summary:
There are news reports about the positive impact that research on cord blood ste
m cells is having on the possible cure for numerous life threatening diseases. B
ut with so many varying reports about it or even factions it is impossible to ke
ep track of all its useful facts. Stem cells show a great level of plasticity wh
ich means they can generate and regenerate into many different types of cells an
d even organs within in our body. Stem cells could be used to cure virtually any
illness.
Keywords:
blood cord banking, cord blood, blood cord, umbilical cord banking, umbilical co
rd bank, cord blood stem cell, cord blood donation, cord blood registry
Article Body:
Finding a source of primitive stem cells.
There are news reports about the positive impact that research on cord blood ste
m cells is having on the possible cure for numerous life threatening diseases. B
ut with so many varying reports about it or even factions it is impossible to ke
ep track of all its useful facts. Stem cells show a great level of plasticity wh
ich means they can generate and regenerate into many different types of cells an
d even organs within in our body. Potentially, if they can be removed from the d
onor and transfused into the patient then in the future, stem cells could be use
d to cure virtually any illness.
Stem cells are more frequently found in babies or even in embryos although it ha
s been discovered that adult stem cells do exist. To date these have mostly been
found in the brain but are dispersed freely amongst millions of other cells mak
ing the extraction incredibly difficult.
Cord blood stem cells, on the other hand, are very easy to remove. Because the p
rocess is completed after the child has been born and the umbilical cord cut and
clamped there is no effect whatsoever on the baby, the parent or the birth itse
lf.
How stem cells become T cells.
T cells are the cells that are responsible for fighting infection in children an
d are created when stem cells pass through the thymus gland. If the patient does
not have an adequate number of effective stem cells in their blood then they wi
ll not be able to create the T cells. And subsequently they are much more likely
to suffer serious infections. This, in turn, means that cord blood stem cells c
an be used to recreate T cells as well as other vital cells within the body of y
our child. The stem cells will then create an army of T cells to fight off infec
tion and leave the body to function in a normal manner. As with a blood transfus
ion it is imperative to the operation's success that the stem cells transfused a
re of the same type as the patient's own blood. Using cord blood stem cells belo
nging to the patient themselves all but guarantees that this will be the case.
Stem cell testing.
The umbilical cord stem cell matrix is called Wharton's jelly and is rich in pri
mitive stem cells. These cells are one that has yet to progress, transform or pr
oduce other cells. Primitive stem cells are the most effective type of stem cell
s that can be used in a transfusion on any patient.
Typically a lot of testing has been done on animals to prove the viability of us
ing stem cells taken from cord blood of newborn babies and amongst the most prom
inent of these tests, according to the online journal "stem cells", have been te
sts carried out on pigs. In a human blood cord, similar to a pig umbilical cord
, two arteries & vein are found and tests have shown positive results concerned
with the storage and potency of the blood. The journal "stem cells" contains a l
ot of data relating to stem cells and articles on various related topics.
At present leukemia and anemia are the two most common diseases treated with ste
m cell transfusions although since stem cell research has grown in volume and re
sults diseases such as Parkinson's, Multiple Sclerosis and many different forms
of cancer are also showing positive results.