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SUMMARY
ANALISA KESTABILAN LERENG AKIBAT VARIASI TINGGI MUKA AIR
TANAH (LOKASI DESA KEMUNING, JEMBER, JAWA TIMUR)
SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS BY WATER SURFACE LEVEL VARIATIONS (AT KEMUNING VILLAGE,
JEMBER, EAST JAVA)
Created by NURHUDA, ANDIKA ZAIN
Subject
: Stabilitas Lereng
Subject Alt
: Soil stabilization
Keyword :
: Proses pembasahan; Kadar air; Derajat kejenuhan; Tegangan air pori negatif tanah; Kohesi; Sudut
geser dalam; GEO-SLOPE; Stabilitas lereng
Description :
Masalah stabilitas lereng mendapat perhatian meningkat akhir-akhir ini. Curah hujan yang tinggi merupakan penyebab
terjadinya kelongsoran di beberapa Negara seperti Indonesia. Keruntuhan yang terjadi pada lereng alam dan lereng
buatan biasanya disebabkan oleh air hujan selama musim hujan. Mekanisme keruntuhan lereng diawali dengan
terjadinya peningkatan derajat kejenuhan atau kadar air tanah, akibatnya tegangan air pori negatif tanah menjadi turun,
sehingga tegangan efektif tanah akan berkurang. Hal ini menyebabkan kuat geser tanah berkurang hingga kondisi
keseimbangan lereng tidak dapat lagi dipertahankan. Selama ini pengaruh derajat kejenuhan yang berhubungan dengan
tegangan air pori negatif dan kuat geser tanah kurang diperhatikan dalam analisa stabilitas. Namun, untuk menganalisa
permasalahan lereng yang lebih baik, sebaliknya menggunakan atau menerapkan prinsip mekanika tanah tak jenuh.
Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh proses pembasahan terhadap parameter kuat geser.
Terutama, pengaruh perbedaan derajat kejenuhan dan kadar air terhadap kohesi (c ) dan sudut geser dalam (φ )
pada tanah lanau berpasir daerah lereng desa kemuning, Jember-Jawa Timur yang mempunyai kadar air initial rata-rata
52,92 % dan derajat kejenuhan rata-rata 80,61 %. Proses pembasahan dilakukan dengan menambahkan kadar air benda
uji dari kondisi inisial sampai kondisi jenuh. Untuk mengukur tegangan air pori negatif, digunakan kertas filter
Waltman. Untuk menentukan parameter kuat geser, dilakukan percobaan geser langsung. Hasil percobaan menunjukan
bahwa, proses pembasahan mempengaruhi perubahan volume, tegangan air pori nagatif dan parameter kuat geser.
Proses pembasahan mengakibatkan meningkatnya kadar air dan derajat kejenuhan dan menurunkan tegangan air pori
negatif dan parameter kuat geser tanah. Mekanisme keruntuhan lereng menunjukan bahwa peningkatan derajat
kejenuhan menyebabkan penurunan tegangan air pori negatif tanah, sehingga tegangan efektif dan parameter kuat geser
menjadi turun sampai pada suatu titik dimana terjadi keruntuhan. Untuk mengetahui keruntuhan ini, maka dibuat
simulasi pembasahan pada lereng. Stabilitas lereng dihitung dengan bantuan program GEO-SLOPE dengan kemiringan
sudut 300,450,600,900 dan variasi muka air tanah yang berbeda-beda tiap kedalaman. Hasil analisa perhitungan
menunjukan bahwa derajat kejenuhan dan sudut kemiringan lereng mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap
stabilitas lereng.
Description Alt:
Slope stability problems are receiving increasing attention in recent years. Rainfall seems to be the most common cause
of landslides in many countries such as Indonesia. Failures in both natural and cut slopes are usually brought about by
rainfall during the monsoon season. The mechanism of slope failure is that the increase of the degree of saturation or
water content that causes a reduction of matric suction in the unsaturated soil zone, resulting in a decrease of effective
stress. This in turn reduced the shear strength to a point where equilibrium can no longer sustained in a slope. In the past,
the effects of the degree of saturation that implies to be difference of soil suction associated to the shear strength of soil
were less explicitly considered in the conventional stability analysis. Therefore, to better analysis this type of slope
stability problem the principle of unsaturated soil mechanics should be applied. The objective of this present research is
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to investigate the influence of the wetting process to the shear strength parameter. In particular, emphasis is placed on
the effect of different degree of saturation or water content to the cohesion ( c ) and internal friction angle (φ ) of
undisturbed silty sand soil from arjasa village in the East Java having average initial water content of 52,92% and
average degree of saturation of 80,61%. During the wetting process the soil specimens were gradually wetted from the
initial condition up to their saturation state. Waltman filter paper was used measure the soil suction. Direct shear test was
used to measure the soil strength. The experiment shows that the wetting process affect volume change, soil suction and
shear strength parameters. The wetting process resulted on the increase of water content and degree of saturation and on
the decrease of the soil suction and the shear strength parameters. The mechanism of slope failure is defined that the
increase of the degree of saturation that causes a reduction of matric in the unsaturated soil zone, resulting in a degrease
of effective stress and the shear strength to a point where equilibrium can no longer sustained in the slope. To develop a
better understanding of these failures, a parametric study was performed. Models of slope stability using GEO-SLOPE
program with slope angles 300,450,600,900 and different water surface. The result from the parametric study showed
that the degree of saturation together with the slope angle appeared to have the most significant effect on the stability of
the slope.
Contributor
: Dr. Ir. Ria Asih Aryani Soemitro, M.Eng
Date Create
: 01/01/2010
Type
: Text
Format
: pdf
Language
: Indonesian
Identifier
: ITS-Undergraduate-3100010038923
Collection
: 3100010038923
Call Number
: RSS 624.151 363 Nur a
Source
: Undergraduate Thesis, Civil Engineering, RSS 624.151 363 Nur a, 2010
COverage
: ITS Community
Right
: Copyright @2010 by ITS Library. This publication is protected by copyright and per obtained
from the ITS Library prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a re transmission in any form
or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, reco For information regarding
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Thank You,


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Supervisor
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