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Simple Present

Formula Sentence
+ } S + V1 + O/C + } Sisca Reads book everyday
- } S + Do/does + not + V1 + O/C - } Sisca does not Read book everyday
? } Do/does + S + V1 + O/C ? } does Sisca Read book everyday
I, We, You, They = do I, we, you, they = take
He, She, It = Does he, she, it = takes

Present Continuous Tense
Formula Sentence
+ } S + Be + V1 + ing +O/C + } They are playing badminton now
(+) He is playing badminton now
- } S + Be + not + V1 + ing + O/C } They are not playing badminton now
(-) He isnt playing badminton now.
? } Be + S + V1 + ing + O/C ? } Are they playing badminton now ?
(?) Is he playing badminton now.
They, we, you = are
He, She, It = Is
I = am

Present Perfect Tense
Formula Sentence
+ } S +auxiliary verb+main verb +O/C (+) you have eaten mine.
- } S +auxiliary verb+not+main verb + O/C (-) she has not been to
Rome.
(?) : Have/has + S + V have you finished?
I, we, you, they = have taken
H He, she it = has taken

Present Continuous Tense
Formula Sentence
(+) : S + have/has + been + Ving (+) She has been going to Malang since
evening.
(-) : S + have/has + not + been + Ving (-) She hasnt been going to Malang since
evening.
(?) : Have/has + S + been + Ving (?) Has she been going to Malang ?


Simple Past Tense
Formula Sentence
+} S+Be+Was/Were+O/C +} We were at school yesterday
-} S+Be+Was/Were+not+O/C -} We were not at school yesterday
?} Was/Were+ S+O/C ?} Were we at school yesterday ?
I, He, She, It = Was
They, we, you = were

Past Continuous Tense
Formula Sentence
(+) : S + was/were + Ving +O/C (+) They were talking about sport
when I met him.
(-) : S + was/were + NOT + Ving +O/C (-) They werent talking about sport
when I met him.
(?) : Was/Were + S + Ving +O/C (?) Were they talking about sport
when I met him.

Past Perfect Tense
Formula Sentence
(+) : S + had + V +O/C

(+) When my brother arrived , I had
painted my motor cycle
(-) : S + had + not + V +O/C (-) When my brother arrived , I hadnt
painted my motor cycle
(?) : Had + S + V +O/C

(?) Had I painted my motorcycle , when
my brother arrived ?

Past Continuous Tense
Formula Sentence
S + had + been + Ving (+) When they washed my drees , your
father had been playing badminton.
(-) : S + had + not + been + Ving (-) When they washed my dress , your
father hadnt been playing badminton.
(?) : Had + S + been + Ving (?) When they washed my dress , had your
father been playing badminton ?


Simple Future Tense
Formula Sentence
+} subject+ WILL+ verb +O/C (+)He will go to school.
-} subject+ WILL+not + verb
+O/C
(-)He will not go to school
?} Will+ S+V+O/C ? (?)Will he go to school?

Future Continuous Tense
Formula Sentence
(+) : S + will+ BE + Ving +O/C (+) I will be writing a comic.

(-) : S + will + NOT + Ving +O/C (-) I will not writing a comic.

(?) : Will + S + BE + Ving +O/C (?) Will I be writing a comic ?


Future Perfect Tense
Formula Sentence
(+) : S + Will + Has/Have + V +O/C (+)You will have taken the book.

(-) : S + Will + not + has/have + V +O/C (-)You will not have taken the book.

(?) : Will + S + V +O/C (?) Will you have taken the book?

Future Continuous Tense
Formula Sentence
(+) : S + WILL + Has/Have + been + Ving + O/C

(+) I will have been reading
a news paper.
(-) : S + WILL + Has/Have + not + been + Ving + O/C (-) I will havent been
reading a news paper.
(?) : Will + S + Has/Have + been + Ving + O/C (?) Will I have been riding a
news paper ?