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Compilation of ECE Mnemonics

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a compilation of mnemonics for
Electronics Engineering (ECE)





by
JeMery Gentiles

Compilation of ECE Mnemonics

ii For comments, suggestions and to those who want to apply on ECE/ IT-related jobs, please contact Jem at 09052786212.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I. Mathematics.1

Constant.....1
Conversion....3
Arithmetic5
Algebra..8
Trigonometry..13
Geometry17
Calculus...17
Differential Equation.18
Probability and Statistics.18

Chapter II. Electronics...........19

Electricity and Magnetism.19
DC/AC Circuits...20
Energy Conversion..22
Semiconductor Theory...23
Electronic Devices Fundamentals...23
Computer Principles....26

Chapter III. General Engineering & Applied Sciences....29

General and Inorganic Chemistry...29
Organic Chemistry.39
Physics...42
Thermodynamics42
Strength of Materials..42
Engineering Economy.44
Engineering Management..44
ECE Laws....45
Contracts and Obligation...46
General Knowledge...46

Chapter IV. Electronic Systems & Technologies....60

Principles of Communication..60
Modulation..61
Radio Receiver and Noise..61
RF Spectrum with Radio Propagation..62

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Microwave Communication..63
Telephony..64
Fiber optics65
Data Communication.66
Broadcast and Acoustic...70
Transmission Lines..71
Wave Propagation and Antenna...71
Navigational Aids and Radar....72
Satellite Communication..80










Compilation of ECE Mnemonics

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MATH

Constant

Mnemonic device
May I have a large container of coffee?
Explanation
Counting the letters of each word gives you the value of pi to 7 places.

Mnemonic device
How i need a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy chapters involving geodesy
Explanation
The lengths of the words constitute the number of pi; 3,14...
Mnemonic device
Sir, I know a rhyme excelling in mystic force and magic spelling. Celestial spirits elucidate, all
my own striving can't relate
Explanation
The lengths of the words constitute the number of pi; 3,14...

Mnemonic device
How I want a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics!
Explanation
The lengths of the words constitute the number of pi; 3,14...
Mnemonic device
"May I have a large container of coffee? Thank you!"
Explanation
The polite version of the pi (3.141592654...) mnemonic, giving two extra digits. Number of letters in each
ord is the corresponding digit in pi.

Sentences to remember Pi
3.1415926535897932384626433832795028841971693993751058209749445923078164062862089986
280348253421170679...

Count the characters in the words:

How I want a drink, alcoholic of course, after the heavy lectures involving quantum mechanics. All
of thy geometry, HerrPlanck, is fairly hard...:
3.14159265358979323846264...

More examples:
1. I took a quick glimpsing at bright stars far north. (3.)1415926535
2. I made a glass alligator...(3.)14159
3. "Can I have a Pepsi? Carbonate it please. Right now!" 3.141592653 by Jake
4. Now I took a drink carefully as Shelly sings. 3.14159265
5. Tom, I need a drink. Powerades do things. Tomas -- you fetch Powerade.3.14159265358
6. And I love a giant continent on waters large and great. Computer Megastore Quality
Hamburger Set is now everyday sold inside my hotrod. 3.1415926535897932384626
7. I hope I dance beautiful in eleven years for mommy. (3.)1415926535
8. I love a seven backboned TV. Shrews which ate seven gorillas fabricate
dresses.(3.)1415926535897
9. I want a mouse notifying me eleven times for three weekends. (3.)14159265358
10. For a time I stood screaming at George while Ann cried. 3.1415926535
11. I want a pizza, yesterday we wanted pizza, Yes-- pizza! (3.)1415926535
12. Yes, I like a flute. Classical is lovely music. The music revolves immensely through
knowledge. 3.14159265358979
13. I ride a horse.Saturdays at eleven. Every day light. (3.)1415926535

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14. Can I tell a story regarding my family lives and views? 3.1415926535
15. And I Love a Pizza. Yesterday my sister drank,ate 3.141592653
16. I can't.I hadn't memorized pi digits since the work's terribly difficult.(3.)141592653589

Mnemonic device
We require a mnemonic to remember e whenever we scribble math To express e, remember to
memorize a sentence to simplify this
Explanation
The lengths of the words constitute the number 2.7182818284 e (the base for natural logarithms)
Constant e = 2.718281828459045

United States President Andrew Jackson served 2 terms in office. He was the 7th president and
was elected in1828.
Split up E by groups. 2.7 is easy to remember. Then, 1828 twice. Finally, a 45-90-45 triangle.
Thus e is 2.7 1828 1828 45-90-45
e = 2.7182818284: Count the characters in the words:
To express e, remember to memorize a sentence to simplify this
or
We require a mnemonic to remember e whenever we scribble math
What is the Speed of Light?

The sentence

We guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonic .

represents the speed of light in meters per second through the number of letters in each word:
299792458 m/s
Conversion

Mnemonic device
To convert from a Larger metric unit to a Smaller metric unit, think of alphabetical order. You
would move from the letter L to the right to get to the letter S.You would move to the left from the
S in "smaller" to get to the letter L in "larger."
Explanation

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To convert from a LARGER to a SMALLER metric unit - move the decimal to the Right as many places as
indicated by the # of zeros in the ten's power.To convert from a SMALLER to a LARGER metric unit -
move the decimal to the Left as many places as indicated by the # of zeros in the ten's power.

Mnemonic device
King Hector Died Mysteriously Drink Chocolate Milk.
Explanation
Metric system... first letter in each words matches the metric system Greatest to least. ex. Kilo, Hecto,
Deka, Meter, Dec, CM, MM

Mnemonic device
Kids Hate Doing Math During Cloudy Mondays Km Hm Dam M Dm Cm Mm
Explanation
Kilometer Hectometer Dekameter Meter Decimeter Centimeter Millimeter also helps when converting
(ex.meters to millimetres) just count how many spaces from meters to millimeters to find out where to
place decimal.

Mnemonic device
Good Models know how Dunkin donuts can make U not petit
Explanation
giga, mega, kilo, hecto, deca, deci, centi, milli, micro (symbol looks like a U), nano, pico

Mnemonic device
King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk.
Explanation
This mnemonic device will help with the metric system prefixes. Kilo, Hecto, Deka,whole, deci, Centi, Milli

Mnemonic device
King Henry died bloated drinking chocolate milk.
Explanation
These stand for the Metric prefixes and base unit. Kilo, Hecto, Deca, base, Deci, Centi, Milli
Mnemonic device
King Henry Danced Merrily Down Center Main Meeting Nice People
Explanation
The Metric Prefixes:Kilo, Hecto, Deca, METER, Deci, Centi, Milli, Micro, Nano, Pico
Mnemonic device
Kangaroos Hop Down Mountians Drinking Chocolate Milk
Explanation
Kilo-Hecto-Deka-(M-L-G)-Deci-Centi_Milli

Mnemonic device
Kings hate dragons because dragons can't make money.
Explanation
Metric system prefixes (kilo, hecto, deca, base, deci, centi, milli, micro)
Mnemonic device
Kittens Hate Dogs But Do Chase Mice
Explanation
Kilo- Hecto- Deca-Base(meter)-Deci- Centi- Milli

Mnemonic device
Great mighty king henry died by drinking chunky milk
Explanation
Giga, mega, kilo, hecto, deka, BASE, deci, centi, milli,

Mnemonic device
Kill Him Dead Or Don't Call Me
Explanation

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Kilo
Hecto
Deco
(Meters, Liters, OR Grams)
Deci
Centi
Mili

This allows for all metric measurements, not just meters.

Metric System
King Henry Drinks Much Dark Chocolate Milk
The order of prefixes in the metric system, for every power of ten from 3 to -3,
is Kilometre, Hectometre,Decametre, Metre, Decimetre, Centimetre, Millimetre:
King Hector's Daffy Mother Drinks Chocolate Milk
King Henry's Daughter Makes Delicious Chocolate Muffins
King Henry Died Monday Drinking Chocolate Milk
King Henry Died! Mother Didn't Care Much
King Hector Dector Makes Delicious Chocolate Milk
Kangaroos Hop Down Mountains During Cold Months
Kings Have Diamonds. Most Diamonds Cost Money.
King Henry Died Monday During Christmas Mass.
This variant is for the prefixes Kilo-, Hecto-, Deca-, then the Base unit (such as metre, gram, litre), then
the prefixesDeci-, Centi-, Milli-:
Kings Have Diamonds But Diamonds Cost Money
The prefixes for powers of ten from 18 to -18 using increments of 3 are Exa- (18), Peta- (15), Tera-
(12), Giga- (9), Mega- (6), Kilo- (3), unit (0), Milli- (-3), Micro- (-6), Nano- (-9), Pico- (-12), Femto- (-
15), Atto- (-18):
Exacting Petals, Terribly Gigantic Megaphones Killed
1 Million Microscopic Nasturtiums Picked Freshly by Attorneys.
A subset of the prefixes is Tera- (12), Giga- (9), Mega- (6), Micro- (-6), Nano- (-9), Pico- (-12), Femto- (-
15),Atto- (-18):
The Gooey Monster May Not Pick Five Apples.
Arithmetic

MDAS - My Dear Aunt Sally

Mnemonic device
Please Exuse My Dear Aunt Sally
Explanation
Order Of Operations- parentheses,exponents,multiplication,
divison, addition ans subtraction

Mnemonic device
Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally For Little Rock
Explanation
Used to remember the order of arithmetic operations (Parentheses, Exponent, Multiply, Divide, Add,
Subtract, From, Left, to Right)

Mnemonic device
People everywhere must devour additional seafood.
Explanation
Order of operations
Parentheses, exponents. multiplication, division, addition, subtraction


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Order of Calculations in Math
For remembering the order of calculations in math:
Put Every Man Down And Shout
Also:
Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally
Please Execute My Dog And Soon
The order: Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division, Addition, Subtraction.

Mnemonic device
Kentucky
Chicken
Fried
Explanation
Used to remember division of fractions rule:
Kentucky: "K"eep the first fraction
Chicken: "C"hange the division to multiplication
Fried: "F"lip the second fraction

Dividing Fractions
Kentucky Chicken Fried
Notice the name is switched a little from that most famous fast-food chicken joint from blue grass
country. Use "Kentucky Chicken Fried" to remember KCF.
-- Keep (the first fraction)
-- Change (the sign from divide to multiply)
-- Flip (the last fraction)

Mnemonic device
I ate and ate until I was sick on the floor. 8 x 8 = 64.
Explanation
multiplication mnem.
Mnemonic device
8 times 8 fell on the floor, pick it up and its 64
Explanation
its an easy way to remember 8 x 8.

Mnemonic device
Six and Eight went out to skate, when they came back they were fourty-eight.
Explanation
A mnemonic to remember what 6x8 is

Mnemonic device
To multiply by 9, hold hands palm down in front of you, and fold down the finger (counting from
the left pinky to the right pinky) of the number multiplied by 9. The fingers to the left of the folded
down one will give you the number of tens. The fingers to the right of the folded down one will
give you the number of ones.
Explanation
Multiplication of 9 x any number from one to 10)

Mnemonic device
The Rule of Nines - Multiplication
Explanation
Between one times and 9 times nine, the numbers in the result always add up to nine ! 9 1+8 2+7 3+6,
etc.

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The Rule of Nines - Multiplication







Between one times and
9 times nine, the
numbers in the result always add up to nine ! 9
1+8 2+7
3+6
etc.

Mnemonic device
Does McDonald's Sell CheeseBurgers and Shakes? (DMSCBS)
Explanation
Order of the algorithm of a long division problem. DMSCBS stands for Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Check
that the divisor is larger than your remainder, Bring down the next number, and Start all over again.


Mnemonic device
No Dirty Dogs! Numerator Divided (by) Denominator
Explanation
To read or convert fractions rememberNumerator Divided (by) Denominator.3/53 divided by 5 = 0.6 Hint:
the decimal six tenths is equivalent to three fifths.

Students tend to divide the LARGER # by the SMALLER number and commonly miss these types of
items. Also, I teach my students to automatically "annex 0's by writing the "understood decimal, placing it
on the quotient bar directly above, and then annexing at least two zeros.

Mnemonic device
Everybody's Daddy, Mother, Sister, Brother, Reunion, Celebration
Explanation
Estimate, Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down, Redo (all steps), Check (by multiplying the quotient -
plus any remanider times the divisor.) Students use compatable numbers to estimate the quotient. Then -
follow each step to complete the division. ALWAYS check by multiplication to find the dividend. Note: If it
is a decimal number that repeats - it will never be the exact dividend but will round to the exact
dividend.Brenda Woods shared this one & my stuedents added the ist & last words.

Mnemonic device
Dull Monkeys Swim Backwards
or
Does Mcdonalds Sell Burgers
Explanation
divide, multiply, subtract and bring down

Mnemonic device
"Mr. Mean"
draw a face
+ +
C
- supposed to be division symbol

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Explanation
Mr. Mean never smiles and makes you work
start with the eyes-add #'s
nose-count #'s
mouth-divide by that number

The steps for long division
Dracula Must Suck Blood
1) The steps for long division are Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down:
Dad Mom Sister Brother
Dead Monkies Smell Bad

2) Everybody's Daddy, Mother, Sister, Brother, Reunion, Celebration
for:
Estimate, Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Bring Down, Redo (all steps), Check (by multiplying the
quotient - plus any remanider times the divisor.)

3) Does McDonald's Sell CheeseBurgers and Shakes?

Order of the algorithm of a long division problem:
Divide, Multiply, Subtract, Check that the divisor is larger than your remainder, Bring down the
next number, andStart all over again.
Mnemonic device
BODMAS
Explanation
stands for Bracket Of Division Multiplication, Addition and Substraction..

Mnemonic device
BIDMAS
Explanation
Brackets, Indices, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction

Mnemonic device
Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally!
Explanation
PEMDAS,the order of operations.
Parenthesis
Exponents
Multplication or Division [which ever is first from left to right]
Addition or Subtraction [which ever is first from left to right]

Sentence to remember Roman Numerals

The ascending order of Roman numerals: LCDM:
Lucky Cows Drink Milk
Lucy Can't Drink Milk

The Roman numerals in order for I, V, X (1, 5, 10)
I Vant XRays

The Roman numerals in order for I V X L C D M (1 5 10 50 100 500 1000)
I Value Xylophones Like Cows Dig Milk

A Poem to remember all the Roman numerals:
M's "mille" (or 1000 said)

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D's half (500 - quickly read!)
C's just a 100 (century!)
and L is half again - 50!
So all that's left is X and V
(or 10 and 5) - and I - easy!



Algebra

On another mathematical subject, some uses EIEIO as a
mnemonic for extracting roots and when the absolute value symbols are
required in the answer Even Index, Even In yielding Odd (exponents).

Many people remember the Order of Operation in Maths with the word Brackets Of (fractions: 1/2 of 2)
Division Multiplication Addition Subtraction (BODMAS or BOMDAS)

Order of Operations
PEMDAS- Parenthesis, Exponents, Multiplication & Division, Addition & Subtraction can be remembered
by the phrase: "Please excuse my dear Aunt Sally."


For those wishing to remember which is the domain and which the range:

^ y
|
|-----\___
| _ \__|~@@@@@@@
| |_| \ ~~@@@@@@
|____ / ~~@@@@@@@
|____| /
|-----/
|
+-------------------> x

Mnemonic device
DRY MIXRemember variables and how to graph.
Explanation
DRY- dependent or responding variables are graphed on the Y-axis.Note: The letter "Y" reaches up
vertically and the letter "X" goes across itself.MIX -independent or manipulated variables are graphed on
the X-axis. (I don't know who came up with this one.)


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How to multiply two binomials together?

BINOMIAL MULTIPLICATION
If you had to multiply two binomials together such as (a+b) and (c+d), how would you keep track of the
resulting products to make sure that you have multiplied everything and not left anything out.
Think of FOIL

First, Outer, Inner, Last

(a+b)*(c+d) = ac(first) + ad(outer) + bc(inner) +bd(last)
Factoring a Trinomial with a Lead Coefficient

The "3R" Method:
1. "R"emove the lead coefficient, but don't throw it away. Multiply the constant with the lead
coefficent.
2. Factor the remaining trinomial
3. 3. "R"eplace the lead coefficent you removed. Put it in front of both x's.
4. 4. "R"educe! Reduce the numbers in each set of parenthesis, as you would a fraction, to lowest
terms.
5. 5. Optional - use the FOIL method to check and see that I am right.
*note: if the three numbers in the trinomial have a common factor it must be factored out in the beginning
for the "3R" method to work.

Mnemonic device
The alligators always want to eat the most they can. (They always eat the bigger number.)
EX: 1 < 2
Explanation
Helps with greater then and less then.

Mnemonic device
Pinch goes to the smaller number
Explanation
3 < 4, 4 > 3 (Pinch the 3)

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Mnemonic device
Negative B, negative B, plus or minus the square root, plus or minus the square root, of B
squared minus 4 A C, B squared minus 4 A C, all over 2 A, all over 2 A.
Explanation
This is sung to the tune of Frare Jacques. It is the quadratic formula

Mnemonic device
< is an arrow point shooting LEFT (LESS THAN)> Is an alligator's mouth opening to the larger
food (GREATER THAN).
Explanation
-9<2 Negative nine is less than (or to the left on the number line of) two. 75%> 1/2 Seventy-five percent is
greater then (50%) 1/2.

Solving absolute value inequalities
When solving absolute value inequalities: if the absolute value is greater than a number you must use the
conjunction OR, when the absolute value is less than a number you must use the conjunction AND.
To remember this just remember two words "GOR"-"LAND," which translate
into "G(greater)OR" and"L(less than)AND". When I introduce this topic I tell students that we are about
to enter "GOR-LAND." (no political implications intended)

Mnemonic device
NO GAINS ON SACRIFICE
Explanation
NO GAINS ON SACRIFICE Is a Mnemonic to remember a Formula for Gain Ratio and Sacrifice
RatioGain Ratio = New Ratio - Old RatioSacrifice Ratio = Old Ratio - New RatioThis Slogan or Proverb is
applicable for all Parents who sacrifice for their Children without expecting any Gains for their sacrifices.

This Formula is usefull in application of Profit Sharing Ratio in case of a partnership firm.In case a new
partner is admitted into the Business then the old profit sharing is no longer valid and a new profit sharing
ratio is required. Besides Bringing capital into the business the new partner is also supposed to bring
some additional funds as gift for the old partners. This gift is called as Goodwill. So when the New Partner
brings Goodwill Amount into the business this amount is supposed to be distributed to the old partners in
Sacrifice Ratio.The Formula for Sacrifice Ratio BeingOld Ratio - New Ratio Similarly when any partners
retires from Partnership Firm the Outgoing partner is supposed to get his share in the Goodwill of the
partnership firm. In this case the Remaining partner [those who continue to be in Business and do not
retire] are supposed to Contribute for Goodwill for the retiring partner. This Contribution is in Gain Ratio
whihc is calculated as followsNew Ratio - Old Ratio

Several Mnemonics for Equation Solving

Greg Smith: I use many SMATHism 's in class.

Here are several:

In equation solving, I emphasize that we always do "things" in pairs to maintain equality in mathematices.
In equation solving, I emphasize that we need only perform one opposite to "get rid of" something
.
For equation solving when we want to undo something, we use B. S. well actually double B. S. to
determine where to perform the operation the Back Side of Both Sides of the equation, or the Bottom
Side of Both Sides of the equation.

When you substitute, always substitute as a quantity.

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The verb always becomes the equal sign in equations.

Formulas:

A=(pi)r^2 Apple pies r square

A=(pi)r*r Apple pies r round

C = (pi)d Cherry pie delight

I = p r t I "am" p-r-t pronounced I am pretty
rt = d rt are d pronounced retard

The three s's of equation solving: Substitute, simplify, solve

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Trigonometry

Mnemonic device
Some Old Hags Can't Always Hide Their Old Age
Explanation
Trigonometry:
Sine = opposite /Hypotenuse
Cosine = Adjacent/Hypotenuse
Tangent = Opposite / Adjacent

Mnemonic device
"TSC! TSC!" said the math teacher.
"It's Over All Our Heads, AssHole," said the miscreant in the back.
Explanation
TSC is Tangent, Sine, Cosine.

Over: Opposite
All: Adjacent
Our: Opposite
Heads: Hypotenuse
Ass: Adjacent
Hole: Hypotenuse

It's not brilliant. I came up with it when I was about fifteen. But it worked.

Mnemonic device
Some People Have Curly Black Hair Thickly Plasterd Back
Explanation
To remember trigonometric functions by first letters.
sine = perpendicular / hypotenuse.
cosine = base / hypotenuse
tan = perpendicular / base

Mnemonic device
Some People Have Curly Black Hair Turning Purple Blue
Explanation
In Trignometry,
Sine=Perpendicular/ Hypotinuous,
Cosine= Base/ Hypotinuous,
Tan=Perpendicular/Base

"SOHCAHTOA":

SOH: sine x = opposite side / hypotenuse
CAH: cosine x = adjancent side / hypotenuse
TOA: tangent x = opposite side / adjacent side

Mnemonic device
SOH-CAH-TOA
Explanation
Pronounced "soak a toe-uh"SOH ... Sine = Opposite leg divided by the Hypotenuse CAH ... Cosine =
Adjacent leg divided by the Hypotenuse TOA ... Tangent = Opposite leg divided by the Adjacent leg

Many secondary school students remember the basic trigonometric functions with the phrase SOH-CAH-
TOA (pronounced "soak a toe-uh").
SOH ... Sine = Opposite leg divided by the Hypotenuse

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CAH ... Cosine = Adjacent leg divided by the Hypotenuse
TOA ... Tangent = Opposite leg divided by the Adjacent leg
The sine, cosine, and tangent ratios in a right triangle can be remembered by representing them as
strings of letters, as in SOH-CAH-TOA:
Sine = Opposite Hypotenuse
Cosine = Adjacent Hypotenuse
Tangent = Opposite Adjacent
Also used is its reverse, OHSAHCOAT (pronounced oh-sah-coat). It is interpreted as OHS-AHC-OAT, as
shown below.
Opposite Hypotenuse = Sine
Adjacent Hypotenuse = Cosine
Opposite Adjacent = Tangent
One way to remember the letters is to sound them out phonetically (i.e. "SOHCAHTOA").
[12]
Another
method is to expand the letters into a phrase, such as
"Some Old Horses Chew Apples Happily Throughout Old Age"
Or, as popularized at Cincinnati's St. Xavier High School, they use the simple phrase Sally Can
Tell : Oscar Has A Hard On Always. (It's been theorized that mnemonic devices that reference strong
emotions, such as sexual feelings, imprint a stronger memory. However "Hat On" works equally well, but
seems to be less memorable.)
Oscar Had A Heap Of Apples also works if you can remember the sine, cosine, tangent order.
"One Hopes, And Hopes, On America" was widely taught to British schoolchildren during World
War II (the sine-cosine-tangent order was presumed). Not only was it a good mnemonic, it also served to
reassure the children that Great Britain was not doomed to Nazi annihilation.
You can also remember the basic trigonometric functions with the phrase "Some Old Hippie,
Caught Another Old hippie, Tripping On Acid"

For remembering the sign of trig functions in the quadrants:

All Suckers Take Calculus: in quadrants one through four

S | A
---|---
T | C


(This MUST be viewed in a non-proportional font):
-----------------
| |
| SIN-----COS |
| \ / |
| \ / |
| \ / |
| TAN--1--COT |
| | / \ | |
| | / \ | |
| |/ \| |
| SEC CSC |
| |

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-----------------

(SIN TAN SEC on left, CO-functions on right, 1 in the middle)

Using this chart (I just look at it in my head) you can remember the following things:

Across the 1:
1/SIN=CSC or 1/CSC=SIN
1/TAN=COT or 1/COT=TAN
1/SEC=COS or 1/COS=SEC

Down any triangle:
SIN^2+COS^2=1
TAN^2+1 =SEC^2
1+COT^2=CSC^2

Up any triangle:
SEC^2-1 =TAN^2 or 1+TAN^2=SEC^2
CSC^2-1 =COT^2 or CSC^2-COT^2=1
1-SIN^2=COS^2 or 1-COS^2=SIN^2

A function and its two nearest CLOCKWISE or COUNTERCLOCKWISE neighbors around any edge of
the square:
(listed starting at tan going clockwise)
TAN=SIN/COS
SIN=COS/COT
COS=COT/CSC
CSC=SEC/TAN
SEC=TAN/SIN
(listed starting at tan going counter-clockwise)
TAN=SEC/CSC
SEC=CSC/COT
CSC=COT/COS
COS=SIN/TAN
SIN=TAN/SEC

A function and its two neighbors around any edge of the square:
(listed starting at tan going clockwise)
TAN=SIN*SEC
SIN=COS*TAN
COS=COT*SIN
CSC=COT*SEC
SEC=TAN*CSC
Mnemonic device
CAST going clockwise starting from bottom right quadrant of graph axes. Always measure from
the x axis to the angle line.
Explanation
C is the area where the angle is postive for Cosine.
A is the area where the angle is postive for all trigonometric functions.
S is the area where the angle is positive for Sine.
T is the area where the angle is positive for Tangent.

Mnemonic device
All Saints Take Cocaine
Explanation

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Trigonometric relation to remember All are positive in first quadrant, Sine is positive in second, Tangent is
positive in third and Cosine is positive in fourth

Sine? Cosine? Tangent?

1) An easy way to remember these relationships for trig functions and the right triangle. Just write down
this mnemonic:
SOH - CAH - TOA
It is pronounced "so - ka - toe - ah".

The SOH stands for "Sine of an angle is Opposite over Hypotenuse."
The CAH stands for "Cosine of an angle is Adjacent over Hypotenuse."
The TOA stands for "Tangent of an angle is Opposite over Adjacent."

Thanks Bob H.
2) Opposite /(over) Adjacent = Tan
Opposite /(over) Hypotenuse = Sine
Adjacent /(over) Hypotenuse = Cosine

To remember this just learn the following phrase:
One Ancient Teacher
Of History Swore
At His Class


Geometry

POLAR COORDINATES! WAYAYAY SIN!

Mnemonic device
All Students Take Calculus
Explanation
In quadrant I All trigonometric functions are positive; in quadrant II only Sine is; in quadrant III only
Tangent is; and in quadrant IV only Cosine is.

Mnemonic device
Add Suka To Coffee
Explanation
In quadrant I All trigonometric functions are positive; in quadrant II only Sine is; in quadrant III only
Tangent is; and in quadrant IV only Cosine is.


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Mnemonic device
Ang Sarap Talaga ng Cobra
Explanation
In quadrant I All trigonometric functions are positive; in quadrant II only Sine is; in quadrant III only
Tangent is; and in quadrant IV only Cosine is.

Mnemonic device
pe"rim"e t er
Explanation
The t looks like a plus sign; therefore you add the rim (sides)

Mnemonic device
2(Little Willy)+ 2(Lost His)+ 2(White Hat)
Explanation
surface area of a rectangle:
2LW+2LH+2WH

Mnemonic device
pahinge ng email add para ma e=a/d = c/a sa facebook
Explanation
eccentricity

Calculus
For remembering the order of taking the derivative of a quotient in calculus, the phrase "ho-di-hi,
hi-di-ho, ho-ho" can be useful, where ho means the bottom, hi means the top, and di means the
derivative. So,


Another phrase that one may use is: "Bottom d Top, Top d bottom", where "d" stands for derivative
(note that this mnemonic does not include the crucial dividing by the bottom squared). Another phrase
memorable for sounding like a square dance is "low d high less high d low, draw the line and square
below."


Differential Calculus

Santa Claus mnemonic
Quotient rule for derivatives ala Cab Calloway: Hodehi minus hideho over hoho.

Is dc negative?
Means Integrate Sine / Differentiate cos gives negative

Differential Equation

Mnemonic device
Yes p dx equals sques p dx dx
Y times e raised to the integral of pdx equals integral of q times e raise to intgral of pdx dx
Explanation
Solution of Linear Differential Equation


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Probability and Statistics

Mnemonic device
Mean, M-E-A-N,Add the numbers, then,Count the numbers and divide,Mean, M-E-A-N.
Explanation
Helps students remember the steps to find the mean.To remember how to find the mean, or average of a
group of numbers, sing this song to the tune of "Row, Row, Row Your Boat".

Mnemonic device
MEAN means the Average.MODE is the Most frequent.MEDIAN is the middle in a numerically
ordered set of data.Range is all #'s that are located on the number line between the highest &
lowest data.
Explanation
Mean - Add all data & use this sum as your dividend when you divide by the total number of data in the
set.Mode- There is NO MODE UNLESS one and only one number appears more than any other number
in the data set!Median - There will be two ordinal numbers in the middle of an even set of data. Find the
mean / average. This quotient may be a decimal number but there can be ONLY ONE MEDIAN
NUMBER!Range - Simply subtract the lowest data # from the highest data #. Note: You usually do not
include the extremes unless you are asked to give the range of prices. Ex. Dresses are - $48, $50. $77.
$98. In this case, the range of prices is from $48.00 to $98.00 and does include the two extremes.
Remembering the methods of finding averages
Four methods of finding averages
Mode - is the number (or numbers) that appears most frequently in a set.
Median - is the number exactly in the middle when a set of numbers is listed in order.
Mean - is the sum of a set of numbers, divided by the number of numbers in the set.
Range - is the difference between the highest and lowest numbers in a set.

Here is the way to remember these four methods of finding averages

Medium-Range Mean Model

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ELECTRONICS

DISCO - in Dc analysis, Inductor Short, Capacitor Open

Electricity & Magnetism

Maxwell Relations

A mnemonic used by physics students to remember the Maxwell relations in thermodynamics is
"Good Physicists Have Studied Under Very Fine Teachers",
which helps them remember the order of the variables in the square, in clockwise direction.
Another mnemonic used here is
"Valid Facts and Theoretical Understanding Generate Solutions to Hard Problems",
which gives the letter in the normal left to right writing direction.

Mnemonic device
Jejemon for Ferromagnetic and Jejebuster for Ferrimagnetic
Explanation
Ferromagnetism (all domains align in parallel) and Ferrimagnetism (some domain are anti-parallel)
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Voltage is to Electric Field, Current is to Magnetic Field


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DC/AC Circuits

Ohm's Law



Virgins Are Rare
for: volts = amps x resistance



E = Volts
I = Current (Amperes)
R = Resistance

I = E/R or Current = Voltage / Resistance
E = I*R or Voltage = Current * Resistance
R = V/E or Resistance = Voltage / Current

The Indian sees the Eagle Over the River

_________E__________

_____I_________R____

Sort of an Ohm's Law Mnemonic



Voltage Formula?



Voltage = Current x Resistance
VladImiR Putin (V = IR)
Voodoo Doll = Curse
x Revenge



ICE - ELI :) Inductor Current Lags
Voltage, Capacitor Current Leads
Voltage


ELI the ICE man


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E ( L ) I
Voltage leads Current in an Inductor

I ( C ) E
Current Leads Voltage in a Capacitor


For current and voltage phase relation in capacitors and inductors


CIVIL

C I V I L Capacitor Current Voltage Current Inductor

in a capacitor, current lead voltage voltage leads current in an inductor

Current Leads or Lags Voltage in Reactive Circuits


Whether current leads voltage or lags it in reactive circuits.
In inductive ('L') circuits, voltage ('E') leads current ('I'), hence 'E L I'.
In capacitive ('C') circuits, it's the other way, so 'I C E'.

ELI the ICE man

Mnemonic device
Twinkle Twinkle Little Star Power equals I squared R
Explanation
Power in watts = V * V * I(or in SI P=U*I)



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Energy Conversion
Energy Transferred
Energy Transferred = Potential Difference x Charge
E.T's Phone Calls
Left and Right Hand Rules

Flemming's Left and Right Hand Rules:
To remember which rule to apply for finding the relationship between motion and magnetic field

Generightor : ie use Flemming's Right hand rule for Generators; and Left hand for motors

Losses in a Transformer




Assuming a standard iron or ferrite (ie not air) cored
Transformer:

Hysteresis Eddy Magnetic ElectricalCopper : HEMEC

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Semiconductor Theory

Parts of an Atom
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons

PEN

BIG PAA
Boron, Indium, Gallium (all three are trivalent)
Phosphorus, Antimony, Arsenic (pentavalents)

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Impurities:
BIG PAA
Trivalent:
B-oron
I-ndium
G-allium
(BIG is associated with number 3)
P-hosporous
A-rsenic
A-ntimony
(P sa umpisa ng PAA is Penta)


Electronic Devices Fundamentals

Resistor color code:

Bad Boys Rape Only Young Girls But Violeta Gives Willingly Grob Said Nothing
Black Boys Rape Our Young Girls But Virgins Give Willingly.Get Some Now!
Black Boys Raped Our Young Girl But Violeta Gave Willingly, Grabe Siya Noh?!
Bad boys run our young girls behind victory garden walls
Big boys race our young girls but Violet generally wins.
Big brown rabbits often yield great big vocal groans when gingerly slapped
The phrase "Bad Boys Rape Our Young Girls But Violet Gives Willingly" but is used to remember
the electronic color codes of resistors, capacitors and other electronic components. A milder version is
"Bright Boys Rave Over Young Girls But Veto Getting Wed."
"Black Bastard Raped Our Young Girl, Bloody Virginity Gone West"
For EIA electronic color code: Bad beer rots our young guts but vodka goes well get some now
Bad boys run our young girls behind victory garden walls.
Bad boys rape our young girls but Violet gives willingly.
Big boys race our young girls but Violet generally wins.
Big brown rabbits often yield great big vocal groans when gingerly slapped
Bak BRO, Yeah Greasy Blubber's Very Grabable, Why?
B.B. ROY of Great Britan has Very Good Wife
Bye Bye Rosie Off You Go Birmingham Via Great Western
Bye Bye Rosie Off You Go Bristol Via Great Western

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Bye Bye Rosie Off You Go do Become a Very Good Wife
Bill Brown Realized Only Yesterday Good Boys Value Good Work

Order of Colors of Resistors
Electronic resistors have colored bands on them to denote their level of resistance. Each color represents
a number from 0 to 9. In the order of the mnemonic:

Bad Boys Ruin Our Young Girls, But Violet Goes Willingly
Bad Black - 0

Girls Green - 5
Boys Brown - 1

But Blue - 6
Ruin Red - 2

Violet Violet - 7
Our Orange - 3

Goes Grey - 8
Young Yellow - 4

Willingly White - 9






Better Be Right Or Your Great Big Venture Goes West
Bad Boys Rape Our Young Girls, But Violet Goes Willingly
Bad Boys Rape Our Young Girls Behind Victory Garden Walls
Bad Beer Rots Our Young Guts, But Vodka Goes Well.
Bad Boys Rough Our Young Girls, But Violet Goes Willingly


Mnemonic device
Better Be Right Or Your Great Big Venture Goes West
Explanation
Ohms value of the color bands of resistors (dark first, light last) Color first&second bands third band Black
0 .0 Brown 1 0 Red 2 00 Orange 3
000 Yellow 4 0,000 Green 5 00,000 Blue 6
000,000 Violet 7 0,000,000 Grey 8 00,000,000 White 9
000,000,000
Mnemonic device
Bad Boys Rape Our Young Girls But Violet Gives Willingly
Explanation
To remember the resistor color code (Rarely used now that the world has gone surface mount)
Mnemonic device
Bad Boys Rape Our Young Girls But Violet Gives Willingly.
Explanation
For color bands on transisiters. Black, Brown, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Violet Gold, White

Mnemonic device
Bad Booze Rots Our Young Guts, But Vodka Goes Well
Explanation
Resistor color band digit order: Black [0], Brown [1], Red [2], Orange [3], Yellow [4], Green [5], Blue [6],
Violet [7], Gray [8], and White[9].

Mnemonic device
Better Be Ready Or Your Great Big Venture Goes West.
Explanation

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It is the resistor color code:Black, Brown, Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Violet, Gray, White.
Numerically 0-9 to get the value of a resistor via the color coded bands.(From an old Boy Scout book on
Electricity or Electronics)

Also note that red through violet are the colors of the rainbow (in order) although the ROY G. BIV
mnemonic for rainbow colors includes indigo between blue and violet.

Capacitor
Mnemonic device
yung AC makakadaan sa capacitor kasi umiilag..kaya high pass..

Transistors

Pee iN the Pot (PNP)
For transistors: to remember which one has the arrow pointing
toward the intersection of the connections.

Transistor: ( use with electronic standard symbol)

PNP - Pasok Na Pasok
NPN - NaPalabas Na
NaPasok Na
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics PNP - Pasok Na Pasok, NPN - Na
Pasok Na (so lalabas na sya), reminder lang :)


Transistor configuration:
ACE, BCB, GEB
ACE => Alpha = iC/iE
BCB => Beta = iC/iB
GEB => Gamma = iE/iB

FIFO - First In First Out
LILO - Last In Last Out

Computer Principles
Mnemonics in computer science tend to be less pervasive as most abbreviations are brief. Some terms
still warrant a mnemonic such as People Can't Memorize Computer Industry Acronyms (PCMCIA)
PCMCIA:President Clinton Makes Cornbread In Arkansas


Through the 1990s, whenever I heard about ISDN, I always thought "It Still Does Nothing."

It's because the standard documents for ISDN came out around 10 years before you could actually buy
any product. When Broadband ISDN came out (B-ISDN) there was around 3 years between
standard and product, and we knew that as "But It Still Does Nothing".

For the order of declarations in Pascal:
Let's Cook Textured Vegetable Protein
For: Labels, Constants, Types, Variables, Procedures

Mnemonic device
How To Make Love
Explanation

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A mnemonic for the correct spelling of the word 'HTML' (hyper text markup language) To remember the
spelling of html, instead of hmlt or hltm.

Mnemonic device
People Cannot Memorize Computer Industry Acronyms
Explanation
The PCMCIA is an acronym for Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (also has
been known as Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture (IBM)). Typically they are
referred to as PC Cards for simplicity.

PC Cards
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association:

People Cannot Memorize Computer Industry Acronyms
People Cannot Make Clear, Intuitive Acronyms
Personal Computer Manufacturers Can't Invent Acronyms

The PCMCIA also has been known as Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture
(IBM). Typically they are referred to as PC Cards for simplicity.
Mnemonic device
LoVe HAte (LVHA)
Explanation
In CSS the correct sequence to declare pseudo-selectors of anchors:

Link, Visited, Hover, Active

Cascading Style Sheets

When designing a page using CSS, the order used to design links is:
Link, Visited, Hover, Active:

LoVe HAte
Top, Right, Bottom, Left:

TRBL (TRouBLe)
Tommy Ran By Lucy

("LoVe HAte" indicates the correct order to specify the link state pseudo-classes in Cascading Style
Sheets. "TRBL" indicates the correct order to set margins or padding.)


Mnemonic device
Every Rabbit Associates Kindly With Gophers
Explanation
6 Step Process for drawing an ER schema.
Identify: Entities, Relationships, Attributes, Key constraints, Weak entities, Generalizations

Mnemonic device
He Plays Ball
Explanation
Turning off a computer
Hold Power Button

Mnemonic device
Raising Elephants Is So Utterly Boring
Explanation

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In Linux, pressing Ctrl+Alt+SysRq (Print Screen, on modern keyboards), releasing SysRq, and, still
holding Alt, pressing R E I S U B in that order (with a slight pause between each) will reboot even the
most stubbornly frozen system.

This works because R E I S U B are the magic SysRq keys that correspond to: resetting the keyboard
state, sending SIGTERM to all processes, sending SIGKILL to all running processes, synchronizing all
filesystems, unmounting all filesystems, and rebooting.

Networknames translation to IP-adresses

Cute White Babes Loves Hairy Dogs


The order for translating networknames to IP-adresses:
Cache
WINS
Broadcast
LMhosts
Hosts
DNS
Important Keystroke Sequence in Linux

Raising Skinny Elephants Is Utterly Boring

"Raising Skinny Elephants Is Utterly Boring" is a mnemonic device for remembering a particularly
important keystroke sequence in Linux. In the event of a total system freeze up, this is the failsafe way to
safely reboot a near-frozen computer.

Usage
The first two key sequences to deal with a frozen machine are:
Alt + Ctrl + to enter a command prompt. Normally the function keys F1 to F6 can be used.
Control-Alt-Delete. This performs a regular shutdown, if possible, which allows running services to shut
down normally.
Using 'RSEIUB' follows these two steps as a last resort. The squence is performed as follows: While
holding Alt and SysRq, press they keys R, S, E, I, U, and then B, in sequence, leaving some time
between keystrokes.

Meaning
R places the keyboard in raw mode

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S synchronizes the disk
E terminates all processes
I kills all processes
U remounts all filesystems read-only
B reboots the machine
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics RS NAND undefined states-LOW LOW-(think of maLANDi)

RS NOR undefined states-HIGH HIGH-(think of HORny)








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GEAS


Chemistry
Sentences to remember the elements
Periodic Table
Group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Period

1 H

He
2 Li Be

B C N O F Ne
3 Na Mg

Al Si P S Cl Ar
4 K Ca Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
5 Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd In Sn Sb Te I Xe
6 Cs Ba * Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn
7 Fr Ra ** Rf Ha Sg Ns Hs Mt Uun Uuu

/

Lanthanides

* La Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Actinides

** Ac Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr
bron: Carcamels Homepage

Mnemonics:
1) First eighteen elements in the periodic table:
Here He Lies Beneath Bed Clothes, Nothing On, Feeling Nervous. Naughty Margaret Always Sighs,
"Please Stop Clowning Around."

(H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar.)
2) First twenty elements in the periodic table:
Hi Hello Little Beryll Brown Cracking Nuts On Friday . Nellie's Naughty Magpie Always Sings Pop
Songs Clearly After Killing Cathy

(H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca.)


Periodic Table














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Memorize these phrases to learn the first eighteen elements when you are done, make up your own
phrases for some of the others.
Happy Henry Likes Beer But Could Not Obtain Food
Happy Henry Likes Beer But Could Not Obtain Four Nuts
That gives us the first 10: Hydrogen, Helium, Lithium, Beryllium, Boron, Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen,
Fluorine, Neon.
Naughty Magpies Always Sing Perfect Songs Clawing Ants
That gives us the next 8: Sodium (NA), Magnesium, Aluminum, Silicon, Phosphorous, Sulfur, Chlorine,
Argon

group 1: HaLiNa Kayo Cesar at Ruby sa France! (H,Li,K,Cs,Rb,Fr)
group 2: Be, MgCano ka Sr. BaRat?
group 14: Cool Si General Sn. Pablo
group 16: O! Sarap ng Senegang Tenapay at Poto
grouop 18: HeNela ni Arlene ang Krayola ni Xena at Rona


Periodic Table

Hydrogen He
Lies Beneath Bright Coloured Nights Of Flame Neon
Natures Magicians All Sing Psalms So Clearly Argon
King Califf Scatters Titles Vainly Crowning Men Fee Coh & Ni CuZn Gar & Gee As Seven Brothers Krypton

Note CuZn is pronounced Cousin, Ni is pronounced Knee.

First row transition elements:

Some Tasty Virgins Can Make Fairly Calm Nice Chemists Zealous!
Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn

Scandinavian television corrupts many french coalmen's nieces and cousins
Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn

Scottish Vicars Make Fur Coats and Knickers
Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn

Stop the very crazy man from coming near cute zoos
Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn

and

Your zoo needs men to rule rhinos, panthers, and cheetahs
Yt Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd


SCrub TIl Very CRean... MaNy FEmales COntain NIce CUrvy ZoNes

And going downward (VIII B), NIce PaDded ParTs,
and the money (I B) Copper, silver and gold that you have to pay.
and after all that, (II B) If you're a Cad, you're lucky if the date ends
with a Hug
The Group VIII inert gases (helium, neon, argon, xenon and radon) may be recalled by the
sentence "Heaven Never Arsked Kriegspiel's eXtra Rent"

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Ito yung groupings ng elements (you need to know their
general properties):

Alkali Metal
Alkaline Earth
Basic Metal
Halogen
Noble Gas
Non-Metal
Rare Earth
Semi-Metal
Transition Metal


Mnemonic device
How He Lies Because Boys Can Not Open Flowers
Explanation
First nine elements in the Periodic Table

Mnemonic device
Harry He Likes Beer But CanNot Obtain Food
Explanation
To remember the first few elements of the Periodic Table.
Mnemonic device
Here Lies Benjamin Bold; Cry Not Old Friend; Needlessly Nature Magnifies All Simple People
Sometimes, Clots and Kings.
Explanation
To remember the first few elements of the Periodic Table.
Mnemonic device
Hi Hello Little Beryll Brown Cracking Nuts On Friday. Nellie's Naughty Magpie Always Sings Pop
Songs Clearly After Killing Cathy
Explanation
Periodic Table - Atomic Weight 1st Twenty ElementsHydrogen 1, Helium 2, Lithium 3, Beryllium 4, Boron
5, Carbon 6, Nitrogen 7, Oxygen 8, Flourine 9, Neon 10, Sodium 11, Magnesium 12, Aluminium 13,
Silicon 14, Phosphorous 15, Sulphur 16, Chlorine 17, Argon 18, Potasium 19, Calcium 20

Mnemonic device
The Periodic Table (contributors include Bob Gayhart and Dean Campbell) Group 1A (H Li Na K
Rb Cs Fr): -Highly Nasty Kids Rub Cats Fur -Hans liebt Natuerliche Kaese reibt (ueber)
(c)zentralsued Frankreich. (!) Group 2A (Be Mg Ca Sr Ba Ra): -Bearded Muggers Came Straight
Back Rapidly. -Beer Mugs Can Serve Bar Rats. Group 3 (B Al Ga In Tl): -Big Al Garner's In Trouble.
-Big All Gave in Tulsa. -Big Al Gave Incomplete Totals. -Big Al Gave Innocent Toys. -Bob Allen
Gave Indians Tennis Lessons. -Bears Always Give Indians Trouble. Group 4A (C Si Ge Sn Pb): -
Can Silly Germans Snatch Lead? -Conniving Sisters Get Snotty Playboys. -Can Si Get Snuckered
at the Pub? Group 5 (N P As Sb Bi): -New Popes Assign Subordinate Bishops. -Never Put Arsenic
in Silver Bullet Beer. Group 6A (O S Se Te Po): -Oil is slicker with STP. -Old Soldiers Seem Terribly
Polluted. -Oversized Sailors Sell and Tell about Polo cologne. -Oh, she sells the poles. Group 7A
(F Cl Br I At): -Frank Cleverly Brought Indian Attire. -Fairy Clowns Broil Innocent Ants. -Fat Clyde
Bribed Innocent Arthur. -"Floor Cleaner Broken?" I asked. Group 8A (He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn): -He
Never Arrived; Karen eXited with Ron. -He needs our crazy Xerox repairman. First Row Transition
Metals (Sc Ti V Cr Mn Fe Co Ni Cu Zn): -St. Vincent Cried "Mommy!" Feeling Cold Next to Cold
Zombies. -Scott Tips Very Counterfeit Money, Feels Cold Near Cubic Zircons. -Scary Tiny Vicious
Creatures Mean Females Come Nightly to Club Z. -Scotty Vickerman Fee cony cousin. -Scott

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tickled Vanna's cranium, manager Fred could not cut in. Second Row Transition Metals (Y Zr Nb
Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd Ag Cd): -Yes sir, Nob. Most technicians rub Rod's pale silver Cadillac. Third Row
Transition Metals (La Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg): -Larry's half taken, Wendy reached out her plate
audibly, Helga. Lanthanides (Ce Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu): -Caesar
Procrastinated at the Nile, Permitting So Many Europeans (who were) Getting Turbid (and) Dying
(of) Home Urges (erges?) To Yell "Lutetium!". -Cecil proudly named Pam, Sam, (and) Eugene.
Good Tobin dyes hosiery early tomorrow yellow-blue. Actinides (Th Pa U Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es
Fm Md No Lr): -Three planets: Uranus, Neptune, (and) Pluto. Amy cured Berkeley, California.
Einstein (and) Fermi made noble laws.
Explanation
I think no explanation is needed to use that mnemonic.Its simple but effective
Mnemonic device
Please Stop Calling My African Zebra In Latin Class.
Explanation
Used to remember the reactivity series.
Pottasium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminium, Zinc, Iron, Lithium, CARBON.
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Grp 6 of Periodic Table:
Our Solid Sex Temporary Position- Oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium, polonium
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Group 7 of Period Table Mnemonic:
Friend, Cool ang Braso, Itlog, at Atay (Flourine Chlorine Bromine Iodine Astatine)
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Halogens:
For Clear and Bright Is Attractive (Fluorine, Chlorine, Bromine, Iodine, Astatine)..

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics ERRATUM:

Group 3 (pababa):
Baby AlaGa ni Inday at THALIA (Boron, Aluminim, Gallium, Indium, Thallium)


Compilation of ECE Mnemonics

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ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Periodic Table:

Group 1 (pababa):
HaLiNa Kayo Rubi at Cesar sa France (Hydrogen, Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium,
Francium)

Group 2 (pababa):
Be, MgCano kay Sr. BaRat? (Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, Barium, Radium)

Group 3 (pababa):
Baby AlaGa ni Inday at Tita (Boron, Aluminim, Gallium, Indium, Titanium)

Group 4 (pababa):
Cool Si General Sn. Pablo (Carbon, Silicon, Germanium, Tin, Lead)

Group 5 (pababa):
Nay, Parang ASwang ANg Bisita (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Arsenic, Antimony, Bismuth)

Group 6 (pababa):
O! Sarap ng SEnegang, TEnola at POto. (Oxygen, Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, Polonium)

Group 8 (pababa):
Henela ni Arlene ang Krayola ni Xena at Rona (Helium, Argon, Krypton, Xenon, Radon)

Electron Shells

To remember SPDF

Some
People
Don't
F***

"sticky paint dries fast"
For the energy levels of electrons.

I have a relatively good one (albeit fairly useless) for remembering the order that the nuclear
shells get filled up as you add more nucleons to the nucleus:

spuds if pug dish of pig

If you write it down and then cross out all of the vowels except for the final 'i' you get

spdsfpgdshfpig

and since you are worying about nuclear levels, you already know the spectroscopic notation:
spdfghi s=0, p=1, ... so if you start numbering above these letters how many times the letter has occured,
you get the principal quantum number, and angular momentum of the energy states in the order that they
are filled:

11121212312312 spdsfpgdshfpig


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(Remember that in nuclear shells the angular momentum can be greater than
the principal quantum number...)

spectrographic notation:

Sober Physicists Don't Find Giraffes Hiding In Kitchens.

Mnemonic device
Sober Physicists Don't Find Giraffes Hiding In Kitchens
Explanation
The order of atomic orbitals (s,p,d,f,g,h,i,k). After K, they're alphabetical.
Electronic Configuration
Si Sally Pumasok Sa Pinto Si Daddy Pumasok Sa Dilim Paano Si Franky Daddy Paano Si Franky Daddy
Franky Daddy Franky (Each letter corresponds to the shape fill it in with the principal quantum number
start numbering S with 1, P with 2, D with 3, and F with 4)

"si sarah pumunta sa party. si daddy pumunta sa disco. pano si daddy?":

1s 2s 2p 3s 3p 4s 3d 4p 5s 4d 5p 6s 5d

Mnemonic device
si sammy pumasok sa pinto. si daddy pumasok sa door. paano si fred daddy? paano si fred
daddy? paano fred daddy?
Explanation
1s 2s 2p 3s 3p 4s 3d 4p 5s 4d 5p 6s 5f 5d 6p 7s 6f 6d 7p 7f 7d
Simplified metal electronegativities:

Kill (K)
Nasty (Na)
Cats (Ca)
Mangle (Mg)
All (Al)
Zebras (Zn)
Feed (Fe)
Snarling (Sn)
Plump (Pb)
Hyenas (H)
Curse (Cu)
Hogs (Hg)
Again (Ag)
Audibly (Au)
Please (Pt)

or

Pretty (potassium)
Sally (sodium)
Could (calcium)
Marry (magnesium)
A (Aluminium)
Zulu (Zinc)
In (Iron)
Lovely (lead)
Honalulu (hydrogen-reference)
Causing (copper)

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Strange (silver)
Gazes (gold)

or

Pop (Potassium)
Stars (Sodium)
Can (Calcium)
Make (Magnesium)
All (Aluminium)
Zombies (Zinc)
In (Iron)
Town (Tin)
Lose (Lead)
His (Hydrogen)
Cool (Copper)

Then we remembered our favourite food addictive for the last 3 metals. (MSG)
M (Mercury)
S (Silver)
G (Gold)


Electrochemical/-lytical cells:

Two animals -- AN OX and a RED CAT (anode -> oxidation, cathode ->
reduction)

RC cOlA (short for Royal Crown Cola):

Reduction occurs at the Cathode,
Oxidation occurs at the Annode

In a cation, the electron has gone on va-cation.

Chemistry students use the phrase "LEO says GER" to keep the two halves of a redox process
straight, since the Loss of Electrons is Oxidation while the Gain of Electrons is Reduction. Another
version is the word "OIL-RIG", meaning Oxidation Is Loss, Reduction Is Gain (of electrons).

ORE is easier - oxidation is removal of electrons

Mnemonic device
LEO GER
Explanation
Chemistry students use the phrase "LEO says GER" to keep the two halves of a redox process straight,
since the Loss of Electrons is Oxidation while the Gain of Electrons is Reduction.

Mnemonic device
OIL RIG
Explanation
O-xidation I-s L-oss (of electrons); R-eduction I-s G-ain (of electrons)
Mnemonic device
LOAN
BRA
Explanation

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Left side Anode Negative ions attract this is used in electrodes

Blue litmus to Red litmus Acid

Mnemonic device
LOAN
Explanation
Left side Oxidation Anode attracts Negative ions

Mnemonic device
OIL RIG
Explanation
Oxidation Is Loss Reduction Is Gain

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics OILRIG : Oxidation is Loss, Reduction is Gain of Electrons

Periodic Table
Downward Rightward
Size Inc Dec
...Metallicity Inc Dec
Electron Affinity Dec Inc
Electronegativity Dec Inc
Ionization Energy Dec Inc

Cations and Anions
Cations are pawsitive.

Cations are positive, while anions are negative:
The letter t in cation looks like a positive plus sign +: ca+ion
Cations are pawsitive.
An ANION is A Negative ION

Dicarboxilic Acids (electrodes)

REDuction at CAThode: RED CAT

Oxidation and reduction in the electrodes of an electrochemical cell:
Oxidation takes place at the anode (both start with vowels), reduction takes place at the cathode
(both start with consonants).
REDuction at CAThode: RED CAT
ANode for OXidation: AN OX


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Oxidation and Reduction (electrons)

Acronyms for oxidation and reduction:
Oxidation Is Losing Electrons, Reduction Is Gaining Electrons: OIL RIG
Electron Loss Means Oxidation: ELMO
Losing Electrons Oxidation, Gaining Electrons Reduction: LEO the lion. GER! or LEO says GER

* Sa chem, sa redox:

"GEROA LEORA":

gain of electron reduction oxidizing agent, loss of electron oxidation reducingagent

Ideal Gas Law

Q: Why do gas molecules like to look into your window at night? A:
Because they're PVnRT'ed. (pronounce: pivnerted)

OK, I'm ducking the tomatoes. :) :)

Pregnant Virgins Never Reveal the Truth

Gas law: Pure Virgins have Nice Round Tits -- PV = nRT
The universal gas constant "PV/T" was remembered in the 1960's by saying "Pee" "Vee" over the
"Telephone". Pee Vee was a television character in the 1960s that was always talking on the telephone.
Reactivity series
Poisonous Snakes Can Make All Cats Zippy In The Lost House Capturing Special G Ps
Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Magnesium, Aluminium, Carbon, Zinc, Iron, Tin, Lead, Hydrogen, Copper,
Silver, Gold, Platinum. Or maybe this is too long winded. Alternatively, Lithium and Mercury may also be
included: Peter's Simple Little Cousin Met
a Crazy Zulu In The LonelyHut Carrying Money: Silver, Gold, Platinum.

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The three elements that when combined with Hydrogen form Hyrdrogen Bonds, can be
memorized by the following saying: "Hydrogens just want to have FON (Flourine, Oxygen, and Nitrogen)"
This saying is loosely based off the song "Girls Just Want to Have Fun" by Cyndi Lauper.
Diatomic elements can be memorized by using the phrase "Count HOFBrINCl" and also by the
phrase "Have No Fear Of Ice Cold Beer"(Hydrogen, Oxygen, Flourine, Bromine, Iodine, Nitrogen, and
Chlorine).

Mnemonic device
BrINClHOF (pronounced brinklehoff)
Explanation
The diatomic molecules: Bromine, Nitrogen, Chlorine, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Fluorine.

Diatomic Molecules

The elements Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Fluorine, Oxygen, Iodine, Chlorine, and Bromine are always found as
diatomic molecules:
HNFOIClBr
HONClFIBr (say HONKLE-fibber)
BrINClHOF (say Brinckle-hoff)
Have No Fear Of Ice Cold Beer
Never Have Fear Of Ice Cold Beer
I Have No Bright Or Clever Friends
ClIF H Bron
HOFBrINCl Twins (twins because they exist in pairs)
There are seven such elements. The first one is the first element Hydrogen; the rest form a 7 on
the periodic table: N, O, F across, then going down Cl, Br, I.


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Mnemonic device
kuh nuh cah mug al | zun feh sun pub | coo ag ooo plat
Explanation
Reactivity series.
K Na Ca Mg Al | Zn Fe Sn Pb | Cu Ag Au Pt

Organic Chemistry
"My Enormous Penguin Bounces Pretty High" to remember the series of alkanes : Methane,
Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane, Hexane

Mnemonic device
Memorize eternal propositions, but pension hectic happy occult nonsensical declarations
Explanation
The underlined characters help you to memorize the first ten alkanes: methane, ethane, propane, butane,
pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane, decane
Mnemonic device
Must Every PRefect Be PErfect
Explanation
Used to remember the first five alkanes.Methane, Ethane, PRopane, Butane, PEntane

Mnemonic device
Maggie Enjoys Pacifiers & Bottles
Explanation
Use Maggie from the Simpsons to remeber the first 4 alkanes/enes/ynes: Methane, Ethane, Propane,
Butane

Mnemonic device
Oh My Such Good Apple Pie
Explanation
The first letters of "Oh My Such Good Apple Pie" correspond to those of the straight-chain dicarboxylic
acids of carbon numbers two through seven; i.e., oxalic, malonic, succinic, glutaric, adipic, and picric
acids

Dicarboxilic Acids
The sequence of dicarboxilic acids is Oxalic, Malonic, Succinic, Glutaric, Adipic, Pimelic:
Oh My Stars, Green Apples
Oh My, Such Good Apple Pie


Mnemonic device
Monarch Edward Prefers Birthday Parties His Highness Offers No Drinks
Explanation
Meth, Eth, Prop, But, Pent, Hex, Hept, Oct, Non, Dec

Mnemonic device
Do like an otter, add acid to water.
Explanation
The order to combine acid and water.

Mnemonic device
Acid to Water; All is Well.Water to Acid; What an Accident!
Explanation
Use these two mnemonics to help remember that it is OK to add acid to water, but you may get an
explosion from the excess heat created by reversing the order of mixing the two.

Mnemonic device

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Do what you Oughter, add acid to water!
Explanation
A reminder to only acid acid to water, and not water to acid.

Mnemonic device
Tall Gene calls Florence at our quarters to correct dumbness.
Explanation
Mohs scale of hardness: Talc gypsum calcite fluorite apatite orthoclase quartz topaz corundum diamond

Elements necessary for agriculture
The elements necessary for agriculture are:
carbon, hydrogen, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, copper, molybdenum, chlorine, boron

C(see) Hopkins CaFe, Mighty-good Man, Cu(see your) Money, hope they are Closed or out of Business.

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics The Dennis Covert (memorial) Hydrocarbon Mnemonic:
"Mother Eats Phone Books, Pink Hats, Suffers Oxygen Nitrogen Discomfort"

Methane, Ethane, Propane, Butane, Pentane, Hexane, Septane, Octane,
Nonane, Decane.


I loved the mneumonic my senior chem class came up with a few years ago for the first six alkanes:

Monica excites President Bill, poor Hilary.

Unfortunately it's not as topical now.

Sheelagh Halstead

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics In order to remember the substitution order on a benzene ring, just have a
ROMP:

R = position of primary substuent #1
O = Ortho = position #2
M = Meta = position #3
P = Para = position #4

Thus, Orthophenylphenol = 2-phenylphenol, and p-Bromobenzaldehyde =
4-bromobenzaldehyde

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics The amino acids:

Hydrophilic Neutral: Girls Are Very Loving If Men Can Prepare Perfect Tea
(Glycine, Alanine, Valine, Leucine, Isoleucine, Methionine, Cysteine,
Proline, Phenylalanine, Tryptophan)

Positive: Alexander Graham Spoke Through (the) Telephone (Asparagine,
Glutamine, Serine, Threonine, Tyrosine)

Neutral: Laurel And Hardy (Lysine, Arginine, Histidine)

Negative: Aspartate and Glutamate (all that's left. . . )


ECE Reviewee Mnemonics This one covers the Grignard alcohol formation reactions. I got it from one

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of my Organic Chemistry profs, who claims to have found it in a drawer at
Rutgers University around 1976. He attributes it to F. Westheimer of
Harvard University.

(sung to the tune of "America The Beautiful")

Oh Grignard, the Beautiful

The carbonyl is polarized, The carbon end is plus. A nucleophile will thus
attack The carbon nucleus. A Grignard yields an alcohol, Of types there
are but three; It makes a bond to correspond From C to shining C.

A Secondary's synthesis Requires an aldehyde. For Tertiary, a carbanion
And ketone may collide. When Grignards meet H2CO The product's Primary.
They stick like glue to CO2 Join C to lonely C.

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics For remembering the saturated dicarboxylic acids up to 10 carbons:
Oh My, Such Good Apple Pie, Sweet As Sugar
For: Oxalic, Malonic, Succinic, Glutaric, Adepic, Pimelic, Subaric,
Azelaic, Sebacic

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Gibbs Energy:
Giving Homework Tonight Sucks (G = H - TS)
Physics
What does MKASK stand for?
May King Alfred Send Knights (mnemonic for Mass, Kilowatt-hour, Ampere, Seconds and Kilogram;
physics SI units)

force/mass = Acceleration
Father over Mother equals Anak (F/m=a)

converging and di-vergin.. makita mo pa lang alam mo na.. hahaaa! :)

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Simple Harmonic Motion formulae:

f = (1/2pi) sqrt (g / L) for simple pendulum (dalawang pie, get Low!)
f = (1/2pi) sqrt (g / H) for conical pendulum (dalawang pie, get High!)
f = (1/2pi) sqrt (k / m) for springs with weights attached, (Ka Ma (may springs))
f = (1/2pi) sqrt (a / x) for SHM. (fax!)

Thermodynamics

"Pag may CaViT GiPiT":

-(Charle's Law: Volume-Temp and Gay-Lussac's Law: Pressure-Temp)

Relationship between absolute and kinematic viscosity

Q: What's new (nu)?
A: mu / rho

Q: What's new (nu)?
A: c / lambda


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The equation for specific heat:
q= CATMan
q = c_v * T * m

Maxwell relations

"Good Physicists Have Studied Under Very Fine Teachers", which helps remember the order of the
variables in the square, in clockwise direction. Another mnemonic used here is "Valid Facts and
Theoretical Understanding Generate Solutions to Hard Problems", which gives the letter in the normal left
to right writing direction.


Strength of Materials

Hardness
The relative hardness of minerals is determined according to Mohs Scale, named after the German
mineralogist,Friedrich Mohs, who devised it in 1812. In the original Mohs Scale, ten minerals were
arranged in order of increasing hardness and were assigned the numbers one to ten. These ten minerals
are shown in the first column of the table below:
Mohs Substance Mohs Number Common Substance Simple Classification
Talc 1
SOFT Gypsum 2
2.5 Fingernail
Calcite 3
MEDIUM
Fluorite 4 'Copper' coin
1

Apatite 5
5.5 Knife blade or glass
Orthoclase (feldspar) 6
HARD
6.5 Steel file
Quartz 7
Topaz 8
Corundum (emery) 9
Diamond 10

A substance with a higher Mohs number is capable of scratching a substance with a lower number.
The order of these minerals can be remembered using the
mnemonic: The Girls Can Flirt And Other Queer ThingsCan Do .

Mnemonic device
The Greedy Child Found All Our Feathery Quills To Copy Documents
Explanation
Mnemonic device for Mohs Hardness Scale. Talc, Gypsum, Calcite, Flourite, Apatite, Orthoclese
Fledspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum, and Diamond.

Mnemonic device
Tommy
Gave
Caroline
Four
Apples

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On
Fine
Quick
Tummy
Clutching
Dishes
Explanation
Mnemonic device for Mohs Hardness Scale. Talc, Gypsum, Calcite, Flourite, Apatite, Orthoclese
Fledspar, Quartz, Topaz, Corundum, and Diamond.

Maximum Shearing Stress
Mnemonic
1sang 6sing Taga-Divisoria, PI naDapa 4 times dahil walang dalang d d
Explanation
Circular ring/Hollow shaft Formula:
16TD/pi(D^4 - d^4)
Spring Deformation
Mnemonic
64 Prisoners niRape ng 3 nurse

Engineering Economy

A mnemonic for remembering the number of days in the months of the year, practically a cultural
universal in the United States, is "Thirty days hath September/April, June and November." (Although this
is only part of a longer rhyme, this is the only part that most people remember, so they commonly
complete it with words similar to "... except February, which has twenty-eight, or twenty-nine in a leap
year." The full mnemonic is "Thirty days hath September/April, June and November/All the rest have
thirty-one/except February alone/which has eight and a score/until leap year gives it one day more.")
Another mnemonic for the days of the months is not a rhyme or a jingle, but a gestalt. Whereas
the traditional mnemonic simply associates the name of the month with the number of days, this one
emphasizes the sequence. The 31 and less-than-31-day months would be easy to remember if they
simply alternated, but the pattern of month lengths is not that simple. They alternate until the fourth 31-
day month, July, which is immediately followed by another 31-day month. Since the human hand has four
fingers, one can, given an appropriate mind-set, perceive this pattern in a view of the knuckles of two
fists, held together. The raised knuckles can be seen as the 31-day months, the dips between them as
the 30-day-months-and-February, and the gap between the hands ignored. (Thus: left-hand-pinky-
knuckle = January, dip = February, left-hand-ring-knuckle = March, dip = April, and so on to left-hand-
index-knuckle = July; then continue with right-hand-index-knuckle = August, dip = September, etc).










Mnemonic device
Tell your boss to fly a kite, when the labour market is tight
Explanation
A "tight labour market" means there are many jobs available
Mnemonic device
Did Fred make purple pecan pie Saturday.
Explanation

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This represents the 7 functions of marketing. Distribution - Finance - Marketing Information - Product -
Price - Place - Selling. A student came up with this my first year to teach and I have used it ever since.

Engineering Management

Mnemonic device
Susie Gathered French Pies At Dinner
Explanation
State the problem
Gather Info
Form Hypothosis
Perform an Experiment
Analyze Data
Draw conclusion

Mnemonic device
People really hate eating donuts and cold cider.
Explanation
These stand for the seven steps in the scientific method. Problem, Research, Hypothese,
Experiment/data, Analyze, Conclusion, Communicate
Mnemonic device
on hanonica mice pop open round candies
Explanation
this stands for my version of the seven steps of the scientific process objective, hypothisis, materials,
procedere, observation, results, and conclusion
Be Smart!?
SMART is a mnemonic used in project management at the project objective setting stage. It is a way of
evaluating if the objectives that are being set are appropriate for the individual project.
A SMART objective is one that is:
Specific ( the goal and methods are clearly defined)
Measurable ( the objectives are measured numerically)
Achievable ( humanly possible, and the project has all the required resources)
Relevant ( avoid the temptation of defining a goal just because it fits nicely to the previous three criteria)
Time framed (set deadlines)

There is no clear consensus about precisely what the 5 keywords mean, or even what they are.
Sometimes Realistic or Result or Results-Oriented or Resourced (Favell, 2004) is seen in place of
Relevant, or Appropriate or Action in seen in place of Achievable.

The SMART criteria are guidelines suggesting that milestones should be:
Specific
Measurable
Assignable
Realistic
Time framed

ECE Laws

Executive Order
EO 59 Telecommunication
EO 109 Local exchange
EO 196 Philippine Satellite
EO 205 CATV Operation
EO 255 OPM
EO 266 Cpe

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EO 436 Policy for CATV
EO 467 International Satellite
EO 468 E-commerce
EO 469 NITC
EO 546 NTC

Read from bottom to top : NeNE, IPaCO C PiLaTo

Contracts & Obligations
Modes of Extinguishing Obligations:

PA-LO-RE-ME-CON-NO

1. PAyment
2. LOss
3. REmission
4. MErger
5. COndonation
6. NOvation

General Knowledge

The Order of the Planets














Here is a mnemonic to remember the order of the planets starting from closest to the sun to furthest.
Pluto is included.
My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas
Giving us: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (my favorite).

Getting used to eight planets:
Mnemonics
Very
Earthly
Maybe
Just
Stupid
Unto
Nullity,
Perhaps (or Perhaps Not)
My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nothing
Man very easily makes jugs serve useful needs.
My valentine ejaculated, "Man, just show up naked(, please)!
Mother Visits Every Monday and Just Stays Until Noon, Period."

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"My Very Easy Memory Jingle Seems Useful Naming Planets"
"Mary's Violet Eyes Made John Stay Up Nights Proposing"
"My Very Eager Mother Just Sewed Us New Pyjamas"
"Most Valuable Earth Must Jump Straight Up North Pole"
"My Very Educated Mother Just Showed Us Nine Planets"
"My Very Easy Method Just Speeds Up Naming Planets"
"My Very, Eccentric Mother Just Showed Us Nine Planets"
"Many Vile Earthlings Munch Jam Sandwiches Under Newspaper Piles"
"My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas"
"My Very Easy Method Just Sums Up Naming Planets"
"Mom Visits Every Monday, Just Stays Until Noon, Period"
"My Very Early Marriage Just Suited Uncle Ned Perfectly"
Men Very Early Made Jars Stand Upright Nicely, Period.
My Very Erotic Mate Joyfully Satisfies Unusual Needs Passionately.
My Very Empty Mouth Just Swallowed Up Ninety Peanuts.
My Very Enigmatic Mother Just Sat Upon Nigel's Plate.
Mary's Violet Eyes Makes John Sit Up Nights Pondering.
My Very Eager Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas.
Many Very Early Men Ate Juicy Steaks Using No Plates
Two-in-one mnemonic:
Mad Visionaries Earn Marvelously Juicy Spoonfuls (of) Unappetizing Nausea
The last digit in the number of letters in each word gives another mnemonic (ignore the "of").

Mnemonic device
My Very Easy Method: Just Set Up Nine Planets.
Explanation
The first letter of each word gives you the first letter of the planets, in order: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.

Mnemonic device
Many vicious eating monsters just scoffed up nice pigs.
Explanation
The first letter of each word gives you the first letter of the planets, in order: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.

Mnemonic device
Many Very Eager Men Jumped Straight Up Near Pluto
Explanation
The first letter of each word gives you the first letter of the planets, in order: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.

Mnemonic device
my very easy method just simplifies us naming planets
Explanation
first letters are the same as the first letters of each of the planets in order working out from the sun
Mnemonic device
Mother Very Thoughtfully Made a Jelly Sandwich Under No Protest
Explanation
Mother = MercuryVery = VenusThoughtfully = Terra (earth)Made = MarsA = Asteroid BeltJelly =
JupiterSandwich = SaturnUnder = UranusNo = NeptuneProtest = PlutoThis mnemonic has the advantage
of placing the asteroid belt in its proper place.
Mnemonic device
My Very Elderly Mother Just Sat on Uncle Neds Parrot
Explanation
First letter of each word is the first letter of each planet in order

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Mnemonic device
Mom Visits Every Monday, Just Stays Until Noon, Period
Explanation
Mom = Mercury Visits = Vensu Every = Earth Monday = Mars Just = Jupiter Stays = Saturn Until =
Uranus Noon = Neptune Period = Pluto

Mnemonic device
My very Educated mother just showed us nine planets.
Explanation
First letter of each word is for a planet & this gives the order in which they are from the Sun.

Mnemonic device
My Very Energetic Mother Just Served Us Nine Pickles
Explanation
M- MercuryV- VenusE- EarthM- MarsJ- JupiterS- SaturnU- UranusN- NeptuneP- Pluto

Mnemonic device
Most Volcanoes Errupt Mullberry Jam Sandwhiches Under Normal Pressures
Explanation
The Nine Planets

Mnemonic device
My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nectarines
Explanation
This is my new version of the planet list, because Pluto is no longer considered a planet so I changed the
original to this for my students.

Mnemonic device
Mercury Viewed Earth's Many Aspects Joyfully Sitting Under Neptune
Explanation
Remember the names of the planets (and asteroid belt) from Mercury outwards

Mnemonic device
Most Volcanoes Errupt Mullberry Jam Sandwiches Under Neptune
Explanation
I was the guy who wrote the other one about the Mullbery Jam Sanwhiches, this is the updated Verson
w/o Pluto :(

Mnemonic device
My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos
Explanation
The order of the planets from the sunMercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

Mnemonic device
Mary's Violet Eyes Make Johnny Stand Up Now Period.
Explanation
The order of the planets from the sun Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune,
Pluto.

Mnemonic device
Mary's Violet Eyes Make Johnny Stand Up Now Period.
Explanation
The order of the planets from the sun Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune,
Pluto.

Mnemonic device
My Very Easy Method: Just SUN

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Explanation
Order of the planets;
Mercury, venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn (Pluto's not a planet any more)

Mnemonic device
My Very Easy Method Just Speeds Up Naming Planets
Explanation
An easy way of remembering the planets, they have changed, but it's easy for an exam. Look:

My - Mercury
Very - Venus
Easy - Earth
Method - Mars
Just - Jupiter
Speeds - Saturn
Up - Uranus
Naming - Neptune
Planets - Pluto

Just look at it once and you'll remember for life

Mnemonic device
Some Mothers Vanish Through Making a believable Jester, so uniforms' names pride.
Explanation
S: Sun
M: Mercury
V: Venus
T: Terra (Earth)
M: Mars
A: Asteroid
B: Belt
J: Jupiter
S: Saturn
U: Uranus
N: Neptune
P: Pluto

Mnemonic device
So My Very Easy Method And Break:
Just SUN Period
Explanation
S= sun
m= mercury
v= venus
e= earth
m= mars
a= asteroid
b= belt
j= jupiter
s= saturn
u= uranus
n= neptune
p= pluto

Mnemonic device
Men Very Easily Make A Jug Serve Useful Needs.
Explanation

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Denotes the order of the planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, (Asteroids), Jupiter,
Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

Mnemonic device
My Very Easy Mother Just Sat on Uncle Ned!
Explanation
Updated, having lost the parrot... (Pluto)

Mnemonic device
My Very Easy Method, Just Say You Know Planets
Explanation
The order of the planets
My= MercurY
V = Venus
E = Earth
J = Jupiter
S = Saturn
U = Uranus (You sounds like "U")
N = Neptune (Know has an "N" sound)
P = Pluto

Mnemonic device
Many Very Evil Men Just Shot Up Princeton, Nebraska.
Explanation
The first letter of each word gives you the first letter of the planets, in order: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.

Mnemonic device
My Very Easy Method: Just Sleep Until Noon.
Explanation
The first letter of each word gives you the first letter of the planets, in order: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune.

Mnemonic device
My very ecstatic monkey just scampered under Nellie's purse.
Explanation
The first letter of each word gives you the first letter of the planets, in order: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.

Mnemonic device
my very eccentric mailman just showed up naked.
Explanation
The first letter of each word gives you the first letter of the planets, in order: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.

Mnemonic device
My Very Easy Method Just Set Up Nothing
Explanation
These are the acronyms of the planets from the nearest to the sun to the farthest.
MVEMJSUP

Mnemonic device
Many Violent Evil Maniacs Join Swiftly Under Nationalism.
Explanation
The eight planets of the solar system.

Mnemonic device

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This is an acrostic for memorising the planets and the dwarf planets:
Murky conVention's Efforts Mar *Series;
Jury Set yoUr Next *Planet *Chart *Abridged.
Explanation
Explanation borrowed from http://www.nakedscience.com/articles/single%20digit%20acrostics.htm

Taking the first prominent letter of each word of that sentence:

M=Mercury [Murky], V=Venus [conVention], E=Earth [Efforts], M=Mars, 'Series' sounds like Ceres;
J=Jupiter, S=Saturn, U=Uranus, N=Neptune, P=Pluto, Ch=Charon, Ab sounds like UB... [an astronomical
prefix for the next big body in space]

[I used an asterisk in places to emphasise the dwarf planets' words.]

In 2006, a committee of astronomers elected that Pluto should not be classified as a planet. They
considered how there are dwarf planets such as dwarf planet UB313 also known as Eris; and Pluto has
certain similarities with that 'dwarf planet' classification rather than 'planet' classification. My acrostic
sentence tries to mention the context of how the list of planets became what it currently is.

Sentences to Remember the Order of the Planets

Here we have an easy way to remember the order of the planets from the sun out. The only thing to
remember here is that every 248 years, Neptune becomes the furthest planet for 20 years


Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto


Men Very Easily Make Jugs Serve Useful Nocturnal Purposes
My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas
My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas Made With Grapes!(This list also
included "Milky Way Galaxy")

Mother Very Earnestly Made Jam Sandwiches Using No Peanuts Mayonaise or Glue
My Very Easy Method-Just Set Up Nine Planets
Mary's Violet Eyes Make John Stay Up Nights Praying

Mary's Violet Eyes Make John Stay Up Nights, Period.
My Very Energetic Mother Just Sat Upon (the) North Pole
My Very Elegant Mother Just Sat Upon Nine Porcupines


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My Very Educated Mother Must Sent Us Nine Pickles.
My Very Educated Mother Must Served Us Nine Peas.
My Very Excellent Memory Must Served Up Nine Planets.

My Very Efficient Mother Just Served Us Pistachio Nuts

The last one is useful for the times when Pluto is actually closer than Neptune.


Thursday, August 24, 2006:
Leading astronomers declared that Pluto is no longer a planet under historic new
guidelines that downsize the solar system from nine planets to eight.
Instead, Pluto will be reclassified in a new category of "dwarf planets".

My Very Excellent Mother Just Sent Us Noodles
Milli Vanilli 'Entertainment' Makes Joe Satriani Upchuck Noisily
Most Vampires Enjoy Moo Juice Sucking, Unlike Nosferatu

Molestation Vote Expected Michael Jackson Shuts Up Neverland
Muddy Vixens Entertain Men Jiggling Singles Under Noses
Militant Vietnamese's Excellent Mary Jane Soothes United Nations

More Viewers Expect Malfunction Janet Says, Uh... No
Maxed-out Visa Explained Mexican Jailbait Stripper Uncovered Nethers

Starting from the other end:
Nosy Uncle Sam Just Might Eavesdrop Voice Mails
Nonstop Unfettered Sausage Jerking Might Eradicate Vision, Man!
Newman Unhands Seinfeld's Junior Mints Elaine Voraciously Munches

Naughty Uncensored Sex Jokes Make Embarassed Virgins Mad
NattyLight Usually Satisfies Jesus Moses Expects Vodka Martinis
Nubile Uninhibited Swedes Jumpstart My Engines Very Much

News: Uptight Star Jones Messily Eats Van Morrison!
Never Underestimate Strip Joint's Most Entertaining Virtue: Mammaries
Mnemonic device
Mang Victor Espinosa Mag Jogging Sa Umaga Nang Pumayat
Explanation
Mang - Mercury
Victor - Venus
Espinosa - Earth
Mag - Mars
Jogging - Jupiter
Sa - Saturn
Umaga - Uranus
Nang - Neptune
Pumayat - Pluto


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In Have Spacesuit Will Travel, Robert A. Heinlein includes 'prices' which represent the mean AU
(Astronomical Unit - mean distance of the Earth from the Sun = 93 million miles = 149 million km) of all
the planets from the sun:
MERCURY $0.39
VENUS $0.72
TERRA $1.00
MARS $1.50
ASTEROIDS (assorted prices, unimportant)
JUPITER $5.20
SATURN $9.50
URANUS $19.00
NEPTUNE $30.00
PLUTO $39.50
Oh Be A Fine Girl / Guy, Kiss Me: the main sequence (O B A F G K M).


Planets in Size Order.

It used to be: MEn PLan MAny VENUS Jumps for MErcury, PLuto, MArs, VEnus (and also
Venus, Earth, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn) & JUpiter. Both the first two letters of each word are used and
the word Venus stands for itself, follows the convention of first two letters and represents 4 other planets
as well.

Now it should be:

PLanners MEasure MAy's VENUS JUmp.




Sentences to Remember the Size of the Planets


Equatorial



Mean

Escape Rotation Incl. Visual
Diam. (km) Oblateness Mass Density Gravity (km/s) Period (days) (deg.) Albedo
Sun

1,392,000

0

332,946 .0

1.41

27 .9

617 .5

25 - 35 *

Jupiter

142,800

1/15

317 .833

1.33

2 .54

59 .6

0 .4101 **

3 .1

0.52
Saturn

120,000

1/9

95 .159

0.70

1 .08

35 .6

0 .4440

26 .7

0.47
Uranus

51,200

1/45

14 .500

1.30

0 .91

21 .3

0 .718

97 .9

0.51
Neptune

48,600

1/40

17 .204

1.76

1 .19

23 .8

0 .768

29 .6

0.41
Earth

12,756

1/298

1

5.52

1

11 .2

0 .9973

23 .4

0.37
Venus

12,104

0

0 .815005

5.24

0 .91

10 .4

243 .017

177 .3

0.65
Mars

6,787

1/193

0 .107447

3.94

0 .38

5 .0

1 .0260

25 .2

0.15
Mercury

4,878

0

0 .055274

5.43

0 .38

4 .3

58 .646

0 .0

0.11
Pluto

2,300

?

0 .0026

1.1?

0 .05

1 .2?

6 .3867

94 .

0.5?

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Largest to smallest:
Jason Sat Under Ninety Eight Vicious Monster Munching Penguins

Smallest to largest:
Pete's Mother made Val's Elephant Nestle Under Sam's Jumper.
Pluto Must Meet Venus Every Night Until Saturn Jumps.
Plump Mrs. Martian Voted Every Ninth Unicorn Should Jump.
Pop Music Makes Vikings Even Naughtier Until Saxons Jiggle.

Gallilean moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto

I eat green catapillers:.
I Easily Get Confused...
I Easily Get Colder

Mnemonic device
I eat grandma's cookies
Explanation
Four largest moons of Jupiter in order by their distance from Jupiter; Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.

Moons of Jupiter
Amalthea, Io, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto.

An Icecube Ever Grows Colder

A composite of the Galilean moons of Jupiter.
Left to right Amalthea (small, irregular moon for comparison),
Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. (C.Hamilton from NASA
spacecraft images)
Moons of Neptune

Naiad, Thalassa, Despina , Galatea, Larissa , Proteus,
Triton, Nereid.

Neptune's Tiny Dancing Girls Look Pretty To-Night





The 9 Principal Moons of Saturn

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Saturn has a large number of moons (35 of which have names). If you wish to remember the 9 principle
moons, remember your last doctors visit:
Met Dr Thip
The letters stand for: Mimas, Enceladus, Tethys, Dione, Rhea, Titan, Hyperion, Iapetus, Phoebe

My Enormous Telescope Did Resolve The Hyades Immediately.
For:
Mimas
Enceladus
Tethys
Dione
Rhea
Titan
Hyperion
Iapetus

"Must Evade Tasco's Dirty Refractors - They Have Imperfections."
Mnemonic exercises teach dumb rules to help idiots!

My Easiest Time Dating Regarded The Heavenly Irene...
Mercury Very Early Made A Jump Sideways UnderNeath Pluto
Men Very Easily Make Jugs Serve Useful Nocturnal Purposes


Neptune's moons: Naiad, Thalassa, Despina , Galatea, Larissa , Proteus, Triton, Nereid.

"Neptune's tiny dancing girls look pretty to-night"


Earths Moon Shape

"DOC" represents phases of the Moon by shape: "D" is the waxing moon; "O" the full moon; and "C" the
waning moon. In the Southern hemisphere, this is reversed, and the mnemonic is "COD". A French
mnemonic is that the waxing moon at its first "premier" quarter phase looks like a 'p', and the waning
moon at its last "dernier" quarter looks like a 'd'. In German, the Moon is compared to a handwritten small
letter a for "Abnehmen" (waning) and a z for "Zunehmen" (waxing). One more (Northern hemisphere)
mnemonic, which works for most Romance languages, says that the Moon is a liar: it spells "C", as in
crescere (Italian for "to grow") when it wanes, and "D" as in decrescere ("decrease") when it waxes.

Mnemonic device

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Captain Aquarro picks artillery targets, General Canfield leads village liberation, Scotty said.
Explanation
It the constellations of the Zodiac, with the one first that includes January 1st. so you can figure out which
month is under which sign. Not first several letters of each word help avoid any ambiguities. It's "robust".

Mnemonic device
DOC Moon == the "Man in the Moon"
Explanation
Shape of phases of the Moon correspond to shape of the letters in "DOC".
new moon (nothing), then 1st quarter is curved on right (like "D"), then full ("O") then 3rd quarter curved
on left ("C") then new (nothing).
Lather, rinse, repeat.

Mnemonic device
Dra Sid An Syn (i.e. a person's name Drasid Ansyn)
Explanation
The period of time of the moon revolving around the earth in increasing order.
Draconitic (27.2 days)
Sidereal (27.3 days)
Anomolistic (27.5 days)
Synodic (29.5 days)
Waxing or Waning Moon?

The mnemonic "DOC" represents:
"D" is the waxing Moon; "O" the full moon; and "C" the waning moon.

Mnemonic device
Oh, be a Fine Girl/guy/gentleman, Kiss Me.
Explanation
Spectral classes in order of decreasing stellar surface temperature O-B-A-F-G-K-M (our Sun is class G2)

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Stellar Classification

Stellar classification uses a peculiar group of letters, easily remembered using the phrase,
"Oh Be A Fine Girl, Kiss Me Right Now Sweetie."

Stars are classified as O, B, A, F, G, K, M, and sometimes R, N, S, C, L and T depending on their size
and composition. The classifications R, N, S and C are given to stars with high carbon content and L and
T are given to stars that are so small they do not generate enough heat to begin nuclear fusion. These
"unusual" classifications are usually not included in mnemonics.
Also:

Oh Be A Fine Girl, Kiss Me Right Now Sweetie.
Oh Be A Fine Girl, Kiss Me Right Now! *SLAP*
Only Beer And Fine Grass Keep My Rattled Nerves Sane
Our Brother, A Footsoldier, Got Killed Monday
Oh Big And Ferocious Gorilla, Kill My Roommate Now.
Overseas broadcast: a flash! Godzilla kills Mothra!
Only Bored Astronomers Find Gratification Knowing Mnemonics
Only Boys Advocating Feminism Get Kissed Meaningfully
Only Big Astronomy Federal Grants Keep Money. Research Needs Support!
Out Back A Friend Grows Killer Marijuana
Oiled Breasts Are For Giving Kinky Massages
Obviously Bill Always Felt Good Kissing Monica Lewinsky Tenderly
Oh Boy An F-Grade Kills Me
Oven Baked Ants Fried Gently Keep Moist
Mary Killed God For Atrocious Body Odor

The constellations of the zodiac:

A Tense Gray Cat Lay Very Low Sneaking Slowly Contemplating A Pounce
r a e a e i i c a a q i
i u m n o r b o g p u s
e r i c g r r i r a c
s u n e o a p t i r e
s i r i t c i s
o a o u
r r s
i n
u
s

As The Great Cook Likes Very Little Salt, She Compensates Adding Pepper. -Signs of the
Zodiac.

H.A. Rey's mnemonic for the zodiac, in his book The Stars: ram bull twins crab liverish, scaley
scorpions are good waterfish.

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ram - aries
bull - taurus
twins - gemini
crab - cancer
li - leo
verish - virgo
scaley - libra (scales of justice)
scorpions - scorpius
are - sagitarrius (archer)
good - capricornus (goat)
water - aquarius
fish - pisces

This has a different starting place, and uses two or more initial
letters--except for taurus, which is easy to remember by "terrible":

AQUAmarine PIeces ARe Terrible GEMs, CAN LEO VIsit the LIBRAry and SCOpe-out the
SAGan CAPtions?

Anyone who wants to insert Ophiuchus can SCOpe-Out the sagan captions.

This is the list order of the 12 constellation of the northern hemishpere, beginning with Capricorn
which "crosses" January 1st, and is the first Constellation in the Winter quater.

'CAPtaiN AQUAR PICkS ARtillery TARgets, GENeral CANfield LEads VIllaGe
LIBeRAtion,' SCOtty SAId."

Capricorn Aquarius Pisces Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo Libra
Scorpio Saggitarius

Stars

Here are some mnemonics to aid you in memorizing the stellar classification system for stars, OBAFGKM
which lists stars from hottest (most blue) to coolest (most red). The most famous mnemonic for this is due
to astronomer Henry Norris Russell, it goes

Oh Be A Fine Girl (Guy), Kiss Me

Here are some modern variations which you might find more memorable:
(the first is from our Arny textbook)
Only Brilliant, Artistic Females Generate Killer Mnemonics
Only Boys Accepting Feminism Get Kissed Meaningfully
Oedipus, Basically a Friendly Guy, Knew Mother
Obese But Alluring Fertility Goddess, Kiss Me
Our Best Answer For Government, Karl Marx
One Boy And Fifty Girls Kissed Madly
As for the planets, just pick one. Don't try to learn more than one.

Update: Astronomers have recently added two new letters to the stellar classification system, L and T.
Mostly these letters cover brown dwarf "stars" although part of the L classification also includes some
very low mass red dwarf stars. A couple suggestions I've received for the new OBAFGKMLT mnemonic
are:
Oh Be A Fine Girl, Kiss My Lips Tenderly*
Oh Be A Fine Girl, Kiss Me Like This

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The Brightest Stars in the Sky











The brightest stars in the sky (excluding the Sun) can be remembered with this simple mnemonic:
Sir Can Rig A VCR, Pa!
The stand for: Sirius in Canis Major, Canopus in Carina, Rigil Kent in Centaurus, Acrturus in Bootes,
Vega in Lyra, Capella in Auriga, Rigel in Orion, Procyon in Canic Minor, Achernar in Eridanus



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ESAT

Principles of Communication
Wavelenght of Light?

Difficulties to remember that visible light shows a shorter wavelenght than infrared light and a longer one
than ultraviolet?
The "solution" is quite simple, because it is in "ultra violet" according to ultraviolet/visible/infrared!


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Modulation

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics AM/FM

inventor ng AM
-AUBREY MILES..as in REGINALD AUBREY "MILES" FESSENDEN

inventor ng FM
-baliktarin lang ang letters AM- Major Armstrong

or..

F=A
A=F

ang reference ung inventor sa kaliwang equation at sa kanan ung naimbeto or vice versa..
Fessenden = AM
Armstrong = FM

or vice versa..


Radio Receiver & Noise

Mnemonic device
"ARMIDALA"
Explanation
Superheterodyne Receiver:
Antenna
Rf amp
Mixer
I.F. amp

Demodulator
Amp
L.O.
AGC

PN = kTB
Pinakataba...

C = Blog2(1+s/n), cholesterol = Baboy na Litson






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RF Spectrum Mnemonic with Radio Propagation





























The letters with the green highlights are the 1st letters of the different ITU RF designations. (Ref: Page
17, Tomasi). In order for easy recalling of the different bands simply use this mnemonic : Every Very
Very Loving Mom Has Very Ugly Son Except I.
* Please take note that Voice Comes First before VLF*

Now In order for you to know the frequency just remember this Mnemonic: VHS at 3:30, kasi Ma Galing.
*Take note that the V in there stands fot Very Low Frequency, the kasi Ma Galing corresponds to the
frequency in kilohertz,megahertz and gigahertz respectively. The 3:30 signifies the frequency range for
these three.

Moving on, We will proceed to Wave Propagation Topic and its relationship with the spectrum. In order for
you to easily recall what wave describes what, simply familiarize yourself with the illustration and the
apply this Mnemonic: My Kilikili Has D Most Decent C Mill.

And then as a final note: Just Remember SKY is High Frequeny, Frequencies below Sky are Ground
and above the Sky is Space.
The EM Spectrum: Cary Grant eXpects Unanimous Votes In Movie Reviews Tonight Cosmic
Gamma X-rays Ultraviolet Visible Infrared Microwave Radio Television

The ordering of frequency bands of the radio frequency spectrum are remembered by
"Veronica Loves Manipulating Her Vagina Until She Explodes"
representing VLF, LF, MF, HF, VHF, UHF, SHF, and EHF.

Mnemonic device
Raging martians invaded Roy G. Biv using x-ray guns.
Explanation

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The device used for remembering the waves from longest to shortest. Radio, microwave, infrared, visible,
ultraviolet, x-ray, gamma ray.

Mnemonic device
"Ray Michaels Irritated Roy G. Biv Using Extreme Games"
Explanation
Common members of the electromagnetic spectrum (light), from lowest to highest in energy: radio waves,
microwaves, infrared, visible light (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet), ultraviolet, X-rays, and
gamma rays.
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Visible light wavelength in nanometer
Using ur phone keypad

PRO -- 770 red
MAC-- 622 orange
KYS--- 597 yellow
KRS--- 577 green
IWA--- 492 blue
ILL ---- 455 indigo
EX0---- 390 violet

Microwave Communication

eto para ma memorize mo ang Ku at Ka band
Ku---Unse 11 GHz yung Ka--katorse 14 GHz

"King Xerces Can Seduce Lovely Princesses" aids in remembering the microwave frequency
bands, in order of increasing wavelength.

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Lage Sa CroXing KUmuKuha ng KAkantuting Vatang Wild
L: 1-2
S: 2-4
C: 4-8
X: 9-12
Ku: 12-18
K: 18-27
Ka: 27-45
V: 45-70
W: 70-100

The Speed of Light

Remember this phrase and when you want to know the speed of light, count the letters in each word of
the sentence.

We guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonic

299,792,458 m/sec

"My ingenious astronomy student remembers an easy light mnemonic"

(number of characters of a word = digit)

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Telephony

And lastly, I've had to learn the U.S. Telephone companies' supposed standard for multiple-pair telephone
cables - up to twenty-five pairs in one cable. It's based on a '5 and 5' scheme; 5 base colors, 5 trace
colors, designating the 'Tip' and 'Ring' of each pair; First the Base color is used as the wire insulation, with
all the trace or stripe colors in their sequence, then the next base color is used, and the traces are
repeated. I'll try to do this;

"We Rape Beautiful Young Virgins, But Only Girls Beyond Sixteen"

This transposes to "White Red Black Yellow Violet" and "Blue Orange Green Brown Slate"

In a multipair cable, the first wire in the first pair is White, Blue tracer (called WH/BL) then the second wire
is Blue with White tracer (BL/WH). Next pair is White/Orange and Orange/White, next is White/Green and
Green/White, next White/Brown and Brown/White, and finally White/Slate and Slate/White. This takes
care of 5 pairs; the next 5 are Red with tracers Blue thru Slate, then 5 pairs of Black with tracers Blue thru
Slate. Pair 24 would thus end up as Violet/Brown//Brown/Violet, and pair 25 would be
Violet/Slate//Slate/Violet.

Mnemonic device
ReSePi - TAE
Explanation
Telephone Hierarchy:
Regional
Sectional
Primary
Tandem
End Office :)

Telecommunications
The 25-pair color code used for telephone wiring can be memorized using the following mnemonics:
Ring colors: Bell Operators Give Better Service
Tip colors: Why Run Backwards? You'll Vomit

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Baby Orang-otan Grow Brown Since Wild Red Bear Yelled Violently
Restless Again & again
Fiber Optics Colors
1. Blue
2. Orange
3. Green
4. Brown
5. Slate
6. White
7. Red
8. Black
9. Yellow
10. Violet/Purple
11. Rose
12. Aqua


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Multi-Fiber Cable Color Code
Position Jacket color
1 Blue
2 Orange
3 Green
4 Brown
5 Slate
6 White
7 Red
8 Black
9 Yellow
10 Violet
11 Rose
12 Aqua
13 Blue with black tracer
14 Orange with black tracer
15 Green with black tracer
16 Brown with black tracer
17 Slate with black tracer
18 White with black tracer
19 Red with black tracer
20 Black with yellow tracer
21 Yellow with black tracer
22 Violet with black tracer
23 Rose with black tracer
24 Aqua with black tracer

MNEMONIC: Blue Owes Great Britain Several White Rabbits Because Yellow Violated RA9292.

Notes:

1.The Mnemonic only describes the 1st 12 colors. Cables 13-24 have the same color sequence except
for Cable 20 which is Black with Yellow Tracer.

2.All have black tracers except Cable 20(duh!).
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Multi-Fibre Cable Color Coding Scheme

from 1-12:
"Blue Owes GREat BRitain Several White Rabbits Because Yellow Violated R.A.9292"
(Blue Orange GREen BRown Slate White Red Black Yellow Violet Rose Aqua)
...
from 13-24:

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uulit lang ung taas pero laging may BLACK TRACER (for example, ung #22 is VIOLET WITH BLACK
TRACER) :D

Data Commumication

Order of Layer's on the OSI Data

Pa Dapa Na Tinira Si Pricilla Almeda
Pa Dapa Na Tinira Si Pamela Anderson
Please Do Not Take Susan's Pan Away
Physical Data-Link Network Transport Session Presentation Application
Phil's Date Now Thinks She Prefers Apples
Please Do Not Take Sales Person Advice
Please Do Not Touch Sally's Panties Again
(This can get a little confuseing if you say "Don't" instead of "Do Not")

Because the layers are numbered from the bottom-up, many mnemonics have been developed in both
directions, from the top-down and from the bottom-up.
Please Do Not Throw Sausage Pizza Away starts at layer 1 (the bottom),
as does Programmers Like Networks That Seldom Postpone Anything.

And for those who can't remember to say Do Not instead of Don't, we can go the other direction
(Application, Presentation, Session, Transport, Network, Data-Link, Physical)
All People Seems To Need Data Processing

Mnemonic device
Please Do Not Throw Sausage Pizza Away
Explanation
Physical Layer, Data Link Layer, Network Layer, Transport Layer, Session Layer, Presentation Layer,
Application Layer
Mnemonic device
Please Do Not Tell Sales People Anything
Explanation
Physical Layer, Data Link Layer, Network Layer, Transport Layer, Session Layer, Presentation Layer,
Application Layer
Mnemonic device
Please do not touch Steve's pet alligator
Explanation
Physical, datalink, network, transport , session, presentation, application
Mnemonic device
At
Present,
Some
Teachers
Need
Dr
Phil
Explanation
The OSI Model:

Application
Presentation
Session
Transport
Network

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Data Link
Physical

Mnemonic device
Apple Touching Inter Nodes.
Explanation
Layer 4 -Application Layer 3 -Transport Layer 2 -Internet Layer 1 -Network Access

TCP/IP Layers For Networking.

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Seven OSI Layer
Ava - APPLICATION
Pauline - PRESENTATION
Sa - SESSION
Tabi - TRASNPORT
Ni - NETWORK
Daniel - DATALINK
Pecaa PHYSICAL

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics TCP/IP Protocol
(read from bottom to top)
Tapos - TRASNPORT
Nag-aral - NETWORK
Di - DATALINK
Pag PHYSICAL

Sentences to remember the OSI-layers
A mnemonic for remembering the OSI model layers:


or OSI from bottom up:
People Do Need To See Pamela Anderson
Met dank aan Wouter Sonneveld
or:
Please Do Not Tell Sales People Anything
Please Do Not Trough Sausage Pizza Away
Met dank aan An Coremans

Please Do Not Touch Steve's Pet Alligator

All Application
People Presentation
Seem Session
To Transport
Need Network
Data DataLink
Processing Physical

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IEEE 802 LAN Standard Numbers

802.3 - 3thernet
802.5 - 5oken Ring
802.11 - 11ireless LAN
Mnemonic device
HaLE To WiWi BroMM WRAN!
Explanation
802.1 - Higher LAN Layers
.2 - Logical Link Layer
.3 - Ethernet / CSMA / CD
.5 - Token Ring
.11 - Wi Fi
.15 - Wireless Personal Area Network
.16 - Broadband Wireless
.20 - Mobile Broadband Wireless
.21 - Media Independent Hand-off
.22 - Wireless Regional Area Network

ECE Reviewee Mnemonics IEEE 802.11 is WiFi kasi dalawang '1', dalawang 'i' :)

Mnemonic device
ICASEI Bata
Explanation
I-SO
C-CITT
A-NSI
S-CC
E-IA
I-EEE

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802 SERIES

802.1 Higher Layer LAN Controls/ Arcnet Ang AYALA
802.2 Logical Link Control LIKOD
802.3 Ethernet / CSMA/CD Ng SM
802.4 Token Bus Sumakay ako ng BUS
802.5 Token Ring Nahold-up aking RING
802.6 Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) Dumating si superMAN
802.7 Broadband Technical Advisory/ Na pinoy big BRO
Broadband LAN (Coax)
802.8 Fiber Optic Technical Advisory/ FO Tag Na Filipino
802.9 Integrated Service LAN/ INdian
Integrated Data & Voice Network
802.10 Interoperable LAN Security SECURE na kami
802.11 Wireless LAN WaLA Ng
802.11 Wi Fi
802.11b - WLAN
802.12 Demand Priority DEMonyo
802.13 Not Used Na nagnanakaw

802.14 Cable Modems Ng KABLE

802.15 Wireless PAN At PANty
802.15.1- Bluetooth
802.16 Wireless Broadband Access Walang MANners!!!
(Wi-Max)/ Wi-MAN
802.16.e- Broadband Wireless Access
802.17 Resilient Packet Ring Dinukot sa PoCKET
802.18 Radio Regulatory Tag Ang RADIO
802.19 Coexisting Tag KO
802.20 Mobile Broadband Wireless Access BWIsit
802.21 Media Independent Hand-off Na KAMAY
802.22 Wireless Regional Area Network (WRAN) TUMATAKBO


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Broadcasting and Acoustic
Rainbow Color:

The name Roy G. Biv helps us to remember the order of the colors in the spectrum. In England "Richard
Of York Gave Battle In Vain" is popular (Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet). In an alternate
version, "Battle" is replaced with "Birth". It is interesting to note that many modern scientists no longer
consider Indigo to be a part of the rainbow.

the colours of the rainbow -

Virgin In Bed Gives You Orgasmic Release

For : violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange, red.

Virgin In Bed: Get Your Organ Ready!

Rip Off Your Goolies Before I Vomit

Asimov essay: Read Out Your Good Book In Verse

He also said that since Violet was just a fancy-schmancy word for purple, more populistic minded
people could also

Read Out Your Good Book In Prose

Mnemonic device
ROY G. BIV Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain Reports Of Young Girls Banging Inside Vatican
Explanation
Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet : the colors of the rainbow, in order.

Mnemonic device
Richard Of York Got Buggered In Venice
Explanation
Colors in order. Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet.

Mnemonic device
Roy G. Biv
Explanation
Color spectrum - Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet
Television colour bars

Television colour bars in order of brightness:
White, Yellow, Cyan, Green, Magenta, Red, Blue, Black

When You Catch German Measles Remain Between Blankets

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ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Philo Farnsworth - Father of Television
Edwin Armstrong - Father of FM (not Neil Armstrong ok?)

Mnemonic device
Crazy Cats will drive through fences
Explanation
laser printing process.
cleaning, conditioning, writing, developement, transfering, fusing.

Transmission Lines

Standing Wave Ratio
Mnemonic
4 swear.. 1 + swr swear.. P I
Formula
4SWR/(1+SWR)^2 * Pi

Wave Propagation & Antenna
The Earths Atmospheres

Here is a phrase to help you remember the order of the earths atmospheres:
The Strong Mans Triceps Explode
This stands for: Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere.

Mnemonic device
The Straight Man's Testicles Exploded
Explanation
Thermosphere Stratospher Mesosphere Troposphere Exosphere(layers of the atmosphere from earth's
surface outward)

Mnemonic device
The Stupid Monkeys Tattled on Elephants
Explanation
Layers of the earth's atmosphere--Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere

Mnemonic device
Tonight Snakes Make Tea
Explanation

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The levels of the atmosphere:T - TroposphereS - StratosphereM- MesosphereT- Thermosphere

Navigational Aids & RADAR

To aid my recollecting the direction of increasing position angle (it is measured from North,
sweeps through the East cardinal point, then South, then West), I always recite the following:

Never eat Shredded Wheat.

(And, no, this is not a personal vendetta against the Nabisco Company.)


To convert between Grid north and magnetic north on a map, use: East is least, West is best.

If the magnetic variation is, say, 3 degrees west, add 3 onto the grid bearing to obtain a magnetic
bearing. And vice versa.


Can Dead Men Vote Twice

Compass (reading)
Deviation (ship's magnetic field error)
Magnetic
Variation (earth's error)
True (course)

Mnemonic device
PORT is a red wine and red is the left side of politics. Red Left Port. Theres always some red
port (wine) left.
Explanation
To remember the names of a ship's side and the light colour of each side
Mnemonic device
East is Least, West is Best
Explanation
Sunrise and set
Mnemonic device
Never Eat Slimy Worms
Explanation
All compass directions of the wind; north east south west

Mnemonic device
naughty elephants spray water
Explanation
North East South West
Mnemonic device
never eat shreaded weat
Explanation
compass points going clock-wise

very clever and easy

Directions of the Compass

Never Eat Shredded Wheat
Never Eat Slimy Worms
Never Eat Soggy Waffles

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Never Eat Sour Watermelon

N
W E
S


Mnemonic device
Red on right, returning
Explanation
Red on right, returning, except in U.S. coastal waters which are the exact opposite. ie, when returning to
port, the red buoys should be on the right side (starboard) of the boat, unless in U.S. coastal waters when
they should be on the left. Gotta watch those international boarders, or you could run aground. The united
states uses a bouy system the opposite of the rest of the world. Maybe they hope the enemies don't know
and will run aground.

Mnemonic device
PORT has four letters
Explanation
just like LEFT. The left side of the ship is PORT
Mnemonic device
The "E" in west rhymes with the "E" in left.
Explanation
If north is known west is always to the left

Mnemonic device
Nautical: Can dead men vote twice at elections; or, True virgins make dull companions, add
whiskey
Explanation
To correct a magnetic compass to true or a true compass to magnetic

Mnemonic device
NEVER EAT SLIMY WORMS
Explanation
north, south, east, west
Mnemonic device
Never Eat Shredded Wheat
or
Never Ever Smoke Weed
Explanation
The order of the cardinal directions

Conversion of magnetic to true heading
Can Dead Men Vote Twice (At Elections)?
for: Compass + Deviation = Magnetic + Variation = True (Add for East corrections):

Timid Virgins Make Dull Company (After Weddings)
for: True + Variation = Magnetic + Deviation = Compass (Add for West corrections):

Emergency Communication
Emergency Communication
Contents of an emergency transmission: PAT HAS ATNIE :
1. Mayday mayday mayday or pan-pan pan-pan pan-pan
2. Callsign of aircraft
3. Position And Time
4. Heading And Air Speed
5. Altitude

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6. Type of Aircraft
7. Nature of Emergency
8. Intentions of Captain
9. Endurance Remaining


Alternatively MIPDANIO

Mayday
Identification
Position
Distress (eg. Fire, Collision etc)
Assitance Required
No. of people onboard
Information (eg. abandoning to liferaft)
Over



Transportation
Marine
The phrase "there's always some red port (wine) left" is used to remember the basics in
seafaring.
Aviation
pre-landing: GUMPS - Gas, Undercarriage, Mixture, Propeller, Speed.
pre-final: MARTHA - Missed (procedure), Altitude (limit), Radios (set), Time (limit), Heading
(final), Airspeed (descent)
pre-high-altitude - FLOWER - Flow (enabled), Lights (test), Oxygen (charged), Water
(humidity), Electricity (on), Radio (check)
pre-flight-paperwork - ARROW - Airworthiness (certificate), Registration, Required
(charts), Operating (checklists), Weight and balance
night collision avoidance: Red, Right, Returning - Red nav light on Right implies target is
Returning (closing)
radio loss Instrument course - CDEF - as Cleared, else Direct to last fix, else as directed
to Expect, else as flight plan Filed
spin recovery - POKER - Power (off), Opposite (full rudder), Klean (flaps, ...), Elevator (briskly
forward), Recover (from dive)
Airplane Airworthy?
What evidence can you provide that the airplane that we're about to fly is airworthy?

Answer: "Tape-Arow"

Transponder inspection (every 24 months) - Annual inspection - Pitot static check (every 24 months) -
ELT check (yearly)

Airworthiness inspection - Registration - Operating limitations - Weight & balance

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Indicated Airspeed to True Airspeed
ICE-T
Indicated Airspeed - what you see from the pitot tube, air-pressure reading

Calibrated Airspeed - airspeed after accounting for mechanial and position errors (attitude) of the aircraft

Equivalent Airspeed - airspeed after compensating for compression effects (usually need at speeds
above 200 MPH)

True Airspeed - airspeed after accounting for tempature and amospheric pressure changes
Basic instruments and equipment VFR flight
What basic instruments and equipment must be on any airplane for VFR flight?

Answer: "Goose-a-Cat"

Gas gauge - Oil pressure - Oil temperature - Seatbelts - Airspeed indicator - Compass - Altimeter
Tachometer
Checklist for Takeoffs


Controls
Instruments
Gas
Altitude indicator
Radio
Instruments for IFR flight?

What instruments are required for IFR flight?

Answer: "Hac-a-Rat"

Heading indicator - Adjustable altimeter - Clock - Attitude indicator - Radios - Alternator/generator - Turn

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coordinator

Potential Evacuation of a Commercial Flight

To help the crew members recall what to say to the captain

TEST

Type of emergency (equipment malfunction, fire, terrorism)
Evacuation (yes or no)
Signal to be given by the captain (oral, alarm, lights)
Time (number of minutes till evacuation)
Pre-landing Checks
In UK aviation, BUMPH is a mnemonic for the pre-landing checks carried out by pilots of light aircraft
when approaching an airport with intention to land.

BUMPH is an acronym for
Brakes - unlocked so that wheels are free to rotate on touchdown
Undercarriage - down and locked (or welded in the case of fixed-gear aircraft)
Mixture - set full rich (or as appropriate to temperature and altitude)
Propellor - set full fine pitch (when a variable pitch propellor is fitted)
Hatches (and Harnesses) - secured.

The Four C's for Emergencies in Flight




Here are some handy mnemonics that pilot use to help verify the
completion of certain tasks. Of course, conscientious checklist
usage should be primary, but these can also help.



Confess the
predicament to a
ground radio station.
Communicatie with
the ground radio link.
Climb in altitude, if
possible, for better
radar and direction
finding.
Comply with the
advice and
instructions received.

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CIGAR Runup/Ground Check
C controls check
I instruments set
G gas (proper tank, pump on, etc)
A attitude (flaps, trim, etc.)
R runup

LCA Before Takeoff
LIGHTS strobes, navs, landing
CAMERA transponder (so ATC can "see" you)
ACTION
any other actions to be performed like boost
pump on, control checks, flaps and trim set,
etc.

BLITTS Line-Up Check
B boost pump on
L lights as required
I instruments set
T transponder on
T takeoff time noted
S seat, belts, doors secured

FLARE Enroute
F flaps set (if extended during takeoff)
L lights as required
A auxiliary fuel pump off (if on for departure)
R radar transponder on
E engine (lean mixture when at altitude)

GUMPS Before Landing
G gas (proper tank, pump on or off, etc.)
U undercarriage
M mixture set
P prop set and/or primer in/locked
S switches (lights, pitot heat, etc.)
Note: add C in front of GUMPS for carb heat (becomes
"Charlie GUMPS")


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MPG Before Landing
M mixture set
P prop set
G three green (gear down)

CCCC Go Around
C cram it (full throttle)
C clean it (flaps up)
C cool it (cowl flaps)
C call it (make radio call)
Note: if your aircraft has carb heat rather than cowl
flaps, use that for "cool it."

FACTS After Landing
F flaps up
A auxiliary fuel pump off
C cowl flaps
T transponder standby
S switches (pitot heat, lights, etc.)

FLARE After Landing
F flaps up
L lights as required
A auxiliary fuel pump off
R radar transponder standby
E check for ELT activation

MIDGET After Landing
M master off
I ignition off
D doors/windows locked
G gust lock installed
E ELT off
T tiedown plane




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TTTTTT (IFR) Crossing a Fix / Approach
T turn to proper headnig
T time hold or approach
T twist OBS knob to inbound course
T throttle adjustments, as required
T
talk - procedure turn inbound, entering the
hold, etc.

WIRETAP (IFR) Nearing Destination
W Weather (AWOS, ATIS, ASOS, etc.)
I instruments set
R radios tuned
E elevation (check final approach fix altitude)
T talk to ATC
A
altitudes for decision height or minimum
descent altitude
P procedure for missed approach

APTATEN (IFR) I tems in Sequence
A aircraft identification
P position (name of fix)
T time crossing fix
A altitude
T type of flight plan
E ETA at next reporting point
N name of next reporting point

HAMSACC (IFR) Required Reported Items
H holding (time and altitude)
A altitude changes
M missed approach
S safety of flight (if anything affects it)
A airspeed changes (of 5% or 10kts)
C communication or navigation capability loss
C climb rate (when unable to maintain 500fpm)



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Satellites
ECE Reviewee Mnemonics Satellites
Moon - Mr.
Sputnik 1- Sex
Explorer - Expert
Spore - Scores
Echo - Every
Carrier - Chatmate
Telstar 1 - Tuesday
Telstar 2 - Thursday
Syncom - Saturday
Intelsat - In the
Early Bird Evening











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NOTE: This compilation is not intended as a substitute for the review and refresher. The reader should
regularly attend his/her class on its review center relating to any ECE board exam topics and particularly
with respect to any comprehensive collection of techniques. They may also buy review books from
different review centers to aid their review needs.
Such allusive and colloquial green mnemonics here are not intended to be witty or extravagant, but
intended to assist readers memory as one of the study techniques for remembering anything more
easily.
Nevertheless, this is also a compilation that was searched and shared by different people and
organizations. A huge thanks to them.
Good luck to all reviewees and enthusiast.
To God be the glory!