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Paper: Science X Summative Assessment Term I Sample Paper - 4

Total marks of the paper: 90


Total time of the paper: 3.5 hrs
General Instructions:
1. The question paper comprises of two sections, A and B you are to attempt both the sections.
2. A questions are compusory.
3. There is no o!era choice. "owe!er, interna choice has been pro!ided in a the three questions of fi!e mar#s cate$ory. %ny one option in
such question is to be attempted.
&. A questions to section A and a questions of section B are to be attempted separatey.
5. 'uestion numbers 1 to 3 in section A are mar# questions. These are to be answered in one word or one sentence.
(. 'uestion numbers & to ) are two mar#s questions, to be answered in about 30 words.
). 'uestion number * to 19 is three mar# questions, to be answered in about 50 words.
*. 'uestion number 20 to 2& are fi!e mar# questions, to be answered in about )0 words.
9. 'uestion numbers 25 to &2 in section B are mutipe choice questions based on practica s#is. +ach question is a one mar# question. ,ou
are choosin$ one most appropriate response out of the four pro!ided to you.
10. An addition 15 minutes time has been aotted to read this question paper ony.
Questions:
1]
Name one Metal and one Non-Metal which exists in liquid state at room
temperature?
-.ar#s/10
]
How is brain protected from shocks and injuries?
-.ar#s/10
!]
Name the instrument used for measuring:
(i !otential difference (ii "urrent
-.ar#s/10
4]
#efine double displacement reaction with the help of an example$
-.ar#s/20
"]
H"l and HN%& show acidic characters in aqueous solution while alcohol and glucose
solutions do not$ 'i(e reasons$
-.ar#s/20
#]
)hat happens to glucose that enters the nephron along with the filtrate?
-.ar#s/20
$]
How man* electrons will flow through a wire when the charge of +" flows for ,
sec? -lso find the current$
-.ar#s/20
%]
- wire is cut into three equal parts and then connected in parallel with the same
source$ How will its: (a .esistance (b resisti(it* gets affected?
(c How would the total current and the current through the parts change?
-.ar#s/30
&]
How does the strength of the Magnetic field at the centre of a circular coil of a wire
depend on
(a .adius of the coil (b number of turns of wire in the coil?
(c #raw the magnetic lines of force in case of a circular coil of a wire$
-.ar#s/30
1']
How are water and minerals absorbed b* the plant?
-.ar#s/30
11]
)hat are the disad(antages of using fossil fuels? 'i(e two instances where solar
cells are exclusi(el* used as source of energ*$
-.ar#s/30
1]
(a )ith the help of a suitable example/ explain %xidation and .eduction in terms
of gain or loss of ox*gen$
(b 0dentif* the substances that are oxidised and the substances that are reduced
in the following reaction:
+Na(s 1 %,(g ,Na,%(s
-.ar#s/30
1!]
(a )hat are ionic compounds? 0onic compounds conduct electricit* onl* in molten
state not in solid state$ )h*?
(b$ )h* do ionic compounds ha(e high melting points?
-.ar#s/30
14]
)hat are exothermic and endothermic reaction$ 2xplain with the help of one
example each$
-.ar#s/30
1"]
3he pH of the mouth of a person is lower than 4$4$ )hat changes will occur in his
mouth? How these changes can be controlled? )rite an* two measures$
-.ar#s/30
1#]
Mention an* three important functions of fore brain$
-.ar#s/30
1$]
'i(e the e(ents that occur during photos*nthesis$
-.ar#s/30
1%]
Name the hormones secreted b* 3h*roid/ !ancreas and -drenal glands$ )rite a
function of each hormone
-.ar#s/30
1&]
3endril encircles or coils around the object in contact with it$ 2laborate$
-.ar#s/30
']
- sanitar* worker uses a white chemical ha(ing strong smell of chlorine gas to
disinfect the water tank$
(a 0dentif* the chemical compound$
(b )rite the chemical formula$
(c )rite chemical equation for preparing it$
(d )rite its an* two uses$
%.
(a )rite an equation to show the reaction between !laster of !aris and water$
(b Name the substance which on treatment with chlorine *ields bleaching powder$
(c Name the sodium compound which is used for softening hard water$
(d )hat will happen if a solution of sodium h*drocarbonate is heated? 'i(e the
equation of the reaction in(ol(ed$
-.ar#s/50
1]
#efine corrosion$ Name a metal which corrodes and one metal which does not$
)rite an* three methods of pre(ention of corrosion$
-.ar#s/50
%.
)rite balanced chemical equation for the reactions taking place when
(i 5inc carbonate is calcinated$
(ii 5inc sulphide is roasted$
(iii 5inc oxide is reduced to 5inc$
(i( "innabar is heated in the air$
(( Magnese dioxide is heated with -luminium !owder$
]
#raw a neat diagram of .espirator* 6*stem in Humans and label the following:
(i 3rachea (ii 7ronchi (iii 8ungs (i( 8ar*nx
)here does exchange of gases take place?
%.
#raw neat diagram of digesti(e s*stem$ 8abel its all parts$ How the main
components of the food digested in the small intestine? 2xplain$
-.ar#s/50
!]
(a #raw a schematic diagram of the common domestic circuit$
(b )rite difference between o(erloading and short circuiting$
%.
-nswer the following questions:
(i )hat is the direction of magnetic field lines outside a bar-magnet?
(ii )hat is 60 unit of magnetic field?
(iii )hat does crowding of magnetic field lines indicate?
(i( )hat is the frequenc* of -$"$ in 0ndia?
(( Name two organs in human bod* where magnetic field is quite significant$
-.ar#s/50
4]
(i-n electric heater connected to a ,,9: lines has two resistance coil of ,, %hms
each$ "alculate the current if these coils are used
(a 6eparatel* (b 0n series (c 0n !arallel
(ii )rite two ad(antages and two limitations of using 6olar "ooker$
-.ar#s/50
%.
)hat happens to the deflection of the compass needle at a point near current
carr*ing straight conductor
(a 0f the current is increased$
(b 0f the direction of current in the conductor is changed$
(c 0f compass is mo(ed awa* from the conductor$
(d #raw the diagram showing the magnetic field lines around the straight current
carr*ing wire$
"]
;our students (a/ (b/ (c and (d measured the pH (alues of water/ lemon juice
and sodium bicarbonate solution$ )hat is the correct decreasing order of pH
(alues?
-.ar#s/10
A. water < lemon juice < sodium
bicarbonate
B. lemon juice < water < sodium
bicarbonate
1.
water < sodium bicarbonate <
lemon juice
2. sodium bicarbonate < water <
lemon juice
#]
- drop of solution =>= is placed on a strip of pH paper$ - deep red colour in
produced$ 3he solution =>= is:
-.ar#s/10
A.
Na%H
B.
)ater
1.
Na,"%&
2.
H"l
$]
5inc granules were added to ?inc sulphate/ copper sulphate/ aluminium sulphate
and iron sulphate solutions as shown below$ @ou would obser(e the deposition of
metal on ?inc in beakers:
-.ar#s/10
A.
0 and 000
B.
0 and 00
1.
00 and 0:
2.
00 and 0:
%]
;our students performed the reactions of a dil H*drochloric acid and a solution of
sodium h*droxide with ?inc metal and solid sodium carbonate separatel*$ 3he*
reported the possible reaction b* (A and no reaction b* (>$ 0n which of the
following sets all obser(ations are correct?
-.ar#s/10
A.
6et H"l15n H"l1Na,"%& Na%H15n Na%H1Na,"%&
(a A A A A
B.
6et H"l15n H"l1Na,"%& Na%H15n Na%H1Na,"%&
(b x x A A
1.
6et H"l15n H"l1Na,"%& Na%H15n Na%H1Na,"%&
(c A A > x
2.
6et H"l15n H"l1Na,"%& Na%H15n Na%H1Na,"%&
(d A A A >
&]
%n adding a few drops of uni(ersal indicator to three colourless solutions taken
separatel* in three test tubes labeled !/ B/ . respecti(el* the colours de(eloped in
the solutions are marked in the following figures:
)hat is the correct decreasing order of pH$ :alues of the solutions$
-.ar#s/10
A.
! < B < .
B.
B < ! < .
1.
. < B < !
2.
. < ! < B
!']
;e,%& 1 ,-l -l,%& 1 ,;e
3he abo(e reaction is an example of a
-.ar#s/10
A.
"ombination reaction
B.
#ouble displacement
1.
#ecomposition reaction
2.
#isplacement reaction
!1]
3o determine the equi(alent resistance of three resistors/ when connected in a
parallel arrangement/ ;our students connected the resistors as follows$
3he correct set up is that of student$
-.ar#s/10
A.
-
B.
"
1.
#
2.
7
!]
- student has to connect + cells of C$4: each/ to form a batter* of (oltage D:
3he correct wa* of connecting these cells is shown in figure$
-.ar#s/10
A.
7
B.
"
1.
#
2.
-
!!]
3he correct set up for stud*ing the dependence of the current on the potential
difference across a resistor is:
-.ar#s/10
A.
-
B.
7
1.
#
2.
"
!4]
;our resistors are connected in !arallel$ 2ach has a resistance , $ 3he effecti(e
resistance is:
-.ar#s/10
A.
E
B.
+
1.
9$,4
2.
9$4
!"]
3he following circuit diagram shows the experimental set up for the stud* of
dependence of current on potential difference$ )hich two circuit components are
connected in series$
-.ar#s/10
A.
7atter* and (oltmeter
B.
-mmeter and (oltmeter
1.
.esistor and (oltmeter
2.
-mmeter and rheostat
!#]
"alculate the 2qui(alent .esistance from the following combination of resistors$
-.ar#s/10
A.
,
B.
&
1.
C$4
2.
C
!$]
0n an experiment on photos*nthesis we co(er a portion of leaf =-=/ of a de-starched
potted plant with a red coloured strip/ a portion of another leaf 7 with black and a
portion of leaf " with a green strip and then keep the plant in sunlight so that
photos*nthesis ma* place$
-fter four hours on performing starch test the result showed no starch formation in
the
-.ar#s/10
A.
"o(ered portion of leaf -
B.
"o(ered portion of leaf 7
1.
"o(ered portion of leaf "
2.
"o(ered portion of an* of the abo(e
!%]
"o(erslip is put on the slide (er* gentl* to a(oid:
-.ar#s/10
A.
"rushing of the material
B.
%o?ing of gl*cerine
1.
None of these
2.
2ntr* of air bubbles
!&]
3he figure that correctl* depicts the remo(al of chloroph*ll is:
-.ar#s/10
A.
0
B.
00
1.
000
2.
0:
4']
8ea(es are destarched b* keeping the plant in:
-.ar#s/10
A.
#ark room for & hours
B.
8ight for 9& hours
1.
8ight for 9& da*s
2.
#ark room for 9& da*s
41]
0n the following sketch of the stomatal apparatus/ the parts 0/ 00/ 000 and 0: were
labeled differentl* b* four students$
3he correct labeling out of the following is:
-.ar#s/10
A. 0 guard cell 00 stoma 000 starch
granule 0: nucleus
B. 0 guard cell 00 starch 000 nucleus 0:
stoma
1.
0 c*toplasm 00 chloroplast 000 stoma
0: nucleus
2. 0 c*toplasm 00 nucleus 000 stoma 0:
chloroplast
4]
-fter performing the experiment to show that germinating seeds gi(e out carbon
dioxide during respiration/ students drew the following diagrams
3he correct labeled diagram is
-.ar#s/10
A.
-
B.
7
1.
"
2.
#
Paper: Science X Summative Assessment Term I Sample Paper - 4
Total marks of the paper: 90
Total time of the paper: 3.5 hrs
General Instructions:
1. The question paper comprises of two sections, A and B you are to attempt both the sections.
2. A questions are compusory.
3. There is no o!era choice. "owe!er, interna choice has been pro!ided in a the three questions of fi!e mar#s cate$ory. %ny one option in
such question is to be attempted.
&. A questions to section A and a questions of section B are to be attempted separatey.
5. 'uestion numbers 1 to 3 in section A are mar# questions. These are to be answered in one word or one sentence.
(. 'uestion numbers & to ) are two mar#s questions, to be answered in about 30 words.
). 'uestion number * to 19 is three mar# questions, to be answered in about 50 words.
*. 'uestion number 20 to 2& are fi!e mar# questions, to be answered in about )0 words.
9. 'uestion numbers 25 to &2 in section B are mutipe choice questions based on practica s#is. +ach question is a one mar# question. ,ou
are choosin$ one most appropriate response out of the four pro!ided to you.
10. An addition 15 minutes time has been aotted to read this question paper ony.
Solutions:
1]
Metal: Mercur*: Non metal: 7romine
]
3he brain box called cranium protects the brain and has shock absorbing fluid in it which
pre(ents it from shock and injuries$
!]
(i :olmeter (ii -mmeter
4]
0t is a reaction in which there is an exchange of ions between the reactants
Na,6%+(aq 1 7a"l,(aq ? 7a6%+(s 1,Na"l(aq or an* other
"]
H"l and HN%& produce H
1
ions in aqueous solution$ Hence/ the* show acidic character$
-lcohol and 'lucose do not produce H
1
ions in aqueous solution/ hence/ the* do not show
acidic characters$
#]
'lucose that enters the nephron along with the filtrate after passing through the
glomerulus/ passes from the tubule of nephron where it is selecti(el* reabsorbed and
sent back to blood$
$]

%]
(a
8et .esistance of a wire F .
)hen cut into & equal parts
.esistance of each part F
)hen connected in !arallel/ net resistance .p:
(b .esisti(it* will remain same$(c "urrent through each part will be triple the
pre(ious and total current in the circuit will be G times$
&]
(a 6trength of magnetic field (7 is in(ersel* proportional to radius of the coil (r
(b #irectl* proportional to the Number of turns in the coil (N
( c 3he magnetic field lines will be like:
1']
-t the roots/ cells in contact with the soil acti(el* take up ions$ 0t creates a difference in
the concentration of these ions between roots of soil$ 3o eliminate this difference/ water
mo(es in to the roots from the soil$ 3hus water of minerals are absorbed b* the plants$
11]
(i 7uring of coal or !etroleum !roducts lead to air pollution
(ii 3he oxides of "/ N and 6 are released on buring fossil fuels as acidic oxides it
leads to acidic rain and affect water soil$
(iii "%,/ a green house gas causes global warming (or an* other rele(ant point
i$ 6ource of electricit* in artificial satellites ii$ Hsed as source of electricit* in radio and
wireless transmissions/ at 3: rela* stations/ traffic lights and research centers$
1]
(a %xidation: gain of ox*gen b* a substance
or an* other example
.eduction: loss ox*gen b* a substance or an*
example
(b 6odium (Na is oxidised to sodium oxide as it gains ox*gen and ox*gen gets reduced$
1!]
(a 3he compounds formed b* transfer of electrons from metal to non metal are called
ionic compounds
0n ionic compounds/ there are strong electrostatic forces of attraction between the
oppositel* charged ions$ #ue to this/ mo(ement of ions is not possible due to their rigid
structure$
0n molten state/ the electrostatic forces of attraction between the oppositi(el* charged
ions are o(ercome due to heat$
(b 0onic compounds ha(e strong electrostatic forces of attraction between the ions$
3herefore/ it requires a lot of energ* to o(ercome these forces$ 3hat is wh* ionic
compounds ha(e high melting points$
14]
2xothermic: .eactions in which heat is released$
2ndothermic: .eactions in which heat is absorbed$
or an* other
1"]
)hen the pH of mouth of a person is lower than 4$4 tooth deca* starts
3ooth enamel made up of calcium phosphate is corroded$
Measures:
(i "lean the mouth after eating food
(ii Hse of toothpaste (generall* basic in nature
1#]
3he functions of fore brain are:
(i 0t has sensor* area where information is recei(ed from sense organs$
(ii 0t has motor area where impulses are sent to muscles or effector organs$
(iii 0t has centres for (isual reception/ touch/ smell/ temperature and muscular acti(ities$
1$]
3he following e(ents occur during photos*nthesis:
(i -bsorption of light energ* b* chloroph*ll$
(ii "on(ersion of light energ* to chemical energ* and splitting of water molecules into
h*drogen and ox*gen$
(iii .eduction of carbon dioxide to carboh*drates$
1%]
'land Harmone ;unction
3h*roid 3h*roxin .egulates fat protein and carboh*drate
metabolisms
!ancrease 0nsulin .egular blood sugar le(el
-drenal gland -drenaline !repage the bod* to face the emergenc*
situation and blood pressure
1&]
-uxin diffuses to the other part which is awa* from the support$ !art of the tendril in
contact from the support does not grow rapidl*
!art of the tendril awa* from the support grow rapidl* and cause the tendril to grow
around a support$
']
(a 7leaching !owder
(b "a%"l,
(c
(d 7leaching powder is used:
(i as an oxidising agent in man* chemical industriesI and
(ii for disinfecting drinking water to make it free of germs$
%.
(a 3he chemical equation for the reaction of !laster of !aris and water can be
represented as:
(b "alcium h*droxide J"a(%H,K/ on treatment with chlorine/ *ields bleaching
powder$
(c )ashing soda (Na,"%&$C9 H,% is used for softening hard water$
(d )hen a solution of sodium h*drogencarbonate is heated/ sodium carbonate and water
are formed with the e(olution of carbon dioxide gas$
1]
"orrosion: !rocess of slowl* eating up of metals due to action of atmospheric gases
Metal does not corrode ? 'old
)hich corrode ? 0ron or an* other
!re(ention:
(i 7* painting
(ii 7* greasing or oiling
(iii 'al(ini?ation
(i( 3in platingL "hromium plating etc$ (an* three
%.
(i
(ii JCK
(iii
(i(
((
]
(b 2xchange of gases take place in the al(eoli
%.
(a
0t recei(e secretion from li(er and pancreas in the form of juice and tr*psin
3r*sin digest proteins$
8ipase digest fats
7ile juice makes basic medium and emulsifies fats
0ntestinal Muice con(erts proteins to amino acids "arboh*drates to glucose and fats to
fatt* acids and gl*cerol$
!]
(b
(i %(er loading is caused when too man* short circuit appliances are connected to a
singl socket
(ii )hen li(e wire and neutral wire come into direct contact
%.
(i North !ole to 6outh !ole
(ii 3esla
(iii 6trong magnetic field
(i( 49 H?
(( Heart and brain
4]
(i 6eparatel*: "urrent
(ii 6eries .F.C1.,F++
(iii 0n !arallel

-d(antages of solar cooker:(an* two JCL,x+F,K
(C ;ree of cost
(, #oes not cause an* pollution
(& Nutriti(e (alue of food is retained
#isad(antages:
(i "an not used in night
(ii "an not be used in cloud* da*
(iii #irection of sunlight is need and to be adjusted frequentl* or an* other
%.
(a #eflection increases
(b #irection of deflection changes
(c #eflection decreases$ JCK
(d
8ooking at a crossection l*ing in the plane of the paper$
-t a distance d from the wire/ the magnetic field direction is as
shown and the magnitude is constant for all points shown$
"]
sodium bicarbonate < water < lemon juice
#]
H"l
$]
00 and 0:
%]
6et H"l15n H"l1Na,"%& Na%H15n Na%H1Na,"%&
(d ? ? ? >
&]
. < ! < B
!']
#isplacement reaction
!1]
7
!]
-
!!]
!4]
9$4
!"]
-mmeter and rheostat
!#]
C
!$]
"o(ered portion of an* of the abo(e
!%]
2ntr* of air bubbles
!&]
4']
#ark room for 9& da*s
41]
0 c*toplasm 00 nucleus 000 stoma 0: chloroplast
4]