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1. Importance/significance of Capernaum.

Choose to preach in a house and not the synagogue. Probably Peters house. Friendly visit. The roof opening is sure to take place
Faith of the four and the patient
They reached out to Jesus. Sometimes, Jesus reached the needy.

What Jesus saw? Man with palsy/bier/carriers/broken roof/FAITH?
housing pattern
Who requested for healing? NONE
WHY Jesus said that his sins were forgiven? Did they or he ask?
Jesus addressed Son. Is Jesus in place of Father?
Fatherly compassion, mercy. Zaccheus was called the son of Abraham. Sinners accepted to be children of God and will be
heirs. DIVINE PREDESTINATION
When soul is healed/cleansed, is physical healing difficult?
He breathed and man became a living soul. He shaped the human body, he can heal.
Who are the scribes??? Town-writers, (sitting) reasoning=deliberation;reflection
(in their own hearts and not an open discussion or deliberation) Same background, same thoughts and same nature and
outlook, reasoning, views and understanding.
Revelations: 2:23 He reins and searches the Hearts.
Which is difficult? Healing or forgiving (scribes and pharasees do not forgive trespasses. But Jesus forgives SINS.) forgiving
needs authority (give references..)
ISA: 38:27;43:25
The miracle is for two groups: Scribes to know the power of Jesus on body and soul
Other group is people caused to praise Him. A witness to the disciples. A blessing to the house. Let our houses be open to the
witness of God. He promise the healing power and holy spirit.

SIN: disobedience to the Lord, the nature and principles of natural justice, principles of nature LAW.
The result is definitely a problem. Cause and the Effect.
MERCY: in healing and forgiving. PARDONING hits at the root of the sin.

Sin is disease of the soul; healing is possible only with forgiveness. By Word, worlds were created. By
word, sins are forgiven. This the word of God and not man. Word is enough to heal sick.
FORGIVENESS: only to utter authoritatively. The Spiritual activity cannot be seen
Breathed into nostrils: cannot be seen
Shaped man: physically evident. So forgiveness is only to be announced, the effect is to be seen only at
the time Judgement and in heaven. Differentialte between body and soul.
The man might be under pressure of his know trespass or sin as he was facing Jesus, hence forgiveness
IMPORTANCE OF CAPERNAUM:

Matt. 9:1 Getting into a boat, Jesus crossed over the sea and came to His own city.
Mat 4:13 And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which
is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:
Mat 4:14 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet,
saying,
Mat 4:15 The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of
the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles;
Mat 4:16 The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them
which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up. Mat 4:17
From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the
kingdom of heaven is at hand. (ISA. 9:1.2)


Act 8:22 Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps
the thought of thine heart may be forgiven thee . (to Simon sorcerer)

Jesus commended the Centurions faith.

From the court to the roof the ascent is by flights of stairs, either in the covered walk or gallery or in the
porch. The roof is nearly flat. It is made of earth; or, in houses of the rich, is a firmly; constructed
flooring, made of coals, chalk, gypsum, and ashes, made hard by repeated blows. On those roofs
spears of grass. wheat, or barley sometimes spring up; but these are soon withered by the sun,
Psalm 129:6-8. The roof is a favourite place for walking, for repose in the cool of the day, for
conversation, and for devotion. See the notes at Matthew 6:6. On such a roof Rahab concealed the
spies Joshua 2:6, Samuel talked with Saul 1 Samuel 9:25, David walked at eventide 2 Samuel 11:2),
and Peter went up to pray Acts 10:9. This roof was surrounded with a "balustrade," or railing,
breast-high, on the sides; but where a house was contiguous to another, and of the same height, the
railing was lower, so as to walk from one roof to another. In cities where the houses were
constructed in this manner, it was possible to walk through a considerable part of the city on the
roofs. A breastwork or railing was of course built in the same manner around the "open space" in
the center, to prevent persons from falling into the court below. This railing, or breastwork, is what
Luke Luk 5:19 says they let him down through. They removed it, probably, so that the couch could
be conveniently let down with cords; and, standing on the roof "over" the Saviour, they let the man
down directly before him. The perseverance they had manifested was the evidence of their faith or
confidence in his power to heal the sick man

And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be
forgiven him: but unto him that blasphemeth against the Holy Ghost
it shall not be forgiven. Luke 12:10
I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.
Revelation 2:9
Mar_3:28 Verily I say unto you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons of
men, and blasphemies wherewith soever they shall blaspheme

10 But that ye may know that the Son of man [Daniel's name for the Messiah-- Daniel 7:10-13
] hath authority on earth to forgive sins [The words "on earth" are taken by some to indicate
the then existing contrast between Christ's present humiliation or ministry on earth, and his
future glorification or enthronement in heaven; in which case mean that Jesus could grant now
that which some might think could only be exercised hereafter. Others take them to mean the
same as if Jesus had said, "You think that forgiveness can only be granted by the Father in
heaven, but it can also be granted by the Son upon earth. That which you have heretofore sought
from the Father you may now seek from me." The latter is probably the correct view. As to the
test of power or authority, the miracle of Jesus was very convincing; for in the popular opinion
sin was a cause of which disease was the effect. We are told, on the authority of later rabbis, that
it was a maxim among the Jews that no diseased person could be healed till his sins were blotted
out. We also recognize a correlation between sins and diseases, which the Saviour's use of this
miracle justifies. A mere miracle, such as swallowing fire or causing iron to float, would not
prove his ability to forgive sins. The proof consisted in the relation which disease bears to sin,
and the consequent relation which healing bears to forgiveness. The connection between disease
and sin is a real and necessary one. The Jews were right in seeing this connection, but they erred
in thinking that they were warranted in personally criminating every one whom they found
afflicted, and in judging that the weight of the affliction indicated the quantity of the sin. The
Book of Job should have corrected this error. Such unrighteous judgments are condemned by
Christ ( John 9:3 ; Luke 13:2-5 ). Paralysis is, however, to-day looked upon as ordinarily the
punishment of some personal sin, usually that of intemperance or sensuality],
a
(then saith he to the sick of the palsy), {
c
(he said unto him that was palsied),} I say unto
thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, {
b
bed,}
c
and go up unto thy house. [What command
could be more pleasant than that which bade this sick man go home forgiven and healed?]
25 And immediately he rose up {
a
arose,}
c
before them,
b
and straightway took up the
bed,
c
that whereon he lay ["A sweet saying! The bed had borne the man; now the man bore the
bed"--Bengel],
b
and went forth before them all
c
glorifying God.
b
insomuch that they were
all amazed,
8 But when the multitudes saw it, they were afraid,

c
26 And amazement took hold on all, and they glorified God [The "all" of this passage
hardly includes the scribes and Pharisees, or, if it does, their admiration of Jesus was but a
momentary enthusiasm, which quickly passed away];
a
who had given such authority unto
men. [Some take the word "men" as the plural of category, and apply it to Christ. Others think
that they regarded Jesus as a mere man among other men, and that they therefore looked upon his
power as a gift given to men generally, and not as something peculiar to himself. If this latter
view is correct, it is likely that they took the words "Son of man" as referring to men generally,
and not as a reference to the Messiah, such as Jesus meant it to be.]
b
saying, We never saw it
on this fashion,
c
and they were filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to-day.
[Literally, seen paradoxes: things contrary to common thought and ordinary experience. They
had seen a threefold miracle: sins forgiven, thoughts read and palsy healed.]

Mt:9:4: And Jesus knowing their thoughts said, Wherefore think ye evil in your hearts?

Mt:15:8: This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with
their lips; but their heart is far from me.

Lk:16:15: And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but
God knoweth your hearts: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination
in the sight of God.

Lk:24:38: And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in
your hearts?

Ps:94:11: The LORD knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.