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Term End Examination - November 2012


Course : EEE533 - Advanced Radiation Systems

Slot: A1+TA1
Class NBR :

3592
Time : Three Hours

Max.Marks:100
General Instruction:
1. Assume suitable value for any missing data
2. Refer the table
Answer ALL the Questions

1. a) In free space a wave propagating radially away from the antenna at the origin has
sin
R
I
H
s
s
=

a , where the driving current phasor


j
s
e I I
0
= . Determine the
i. Power radiated
ii. Beam width
iii. Pattern solid angle
iv. Directivity
v. Power radiated through beam width
[15]
b) Sketch the current distribution along each arm of the dipole whose total length is
5/8 and 3/2.
[5]
2. a) Design a E plane horn such that the maximum phase difference between the two
points at the aperture, one at the center and the other at the edge is 120. Assuming
the maximum length along its wall from the aperture to the apex is
E
= 10 find,
i. the maximum total flare angle of the horn
ii. the largest dimension of horn at the aperture
iii. directivity of horn
iv. Gain of horn when the reflection coefficient within the waveguide feeding the
horn is 0.2. Assume only mismatch losses. The waveguide feeding the horn has
dimensions of 0.5 and 0.25.
[20]
OR

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2. b) A rectangular aperture of dimension a and b is mounted on an infinite ground plane.
The far field radiated by the aperture in the E plane is expressed as

\
|
=

sin
2
sin
2
sin
2
0
kb
kb
r
e jabkE
E
jkr

Determine
i. the first null beamwidth
ii. Half power beamwidth
iii. Directivity
iv. Side lobe level
v. Compute the FNBW, HPBW and directivity if the rectangular aperture with
a=3 and b=2 is mounted on an infinite ground plane.
[20]
3. a) A 10-meter diameter paraboloidal reflector is used as a TV satellite antenna. The
focus-to-diameter ratio of the reflector is 0.536 and the pattern of the feed in the

forward region can be approximated by cos
2
(

). Over the area of the reflector the


incident power density
from the satellite can be approximated by a uniform plane
wave with a power density of 10W/m
2
at a center frequency of 9 GHz.
i. Assuming no losses of any kind and aperture efficiency of 71%, what is the
maximum power that can be delivered to a TV receiver connected to the
reflector through a lossless transmission line?
ii. Determine the position of focal point with reference to the reflector and the
angular aperture.
[6]
b) State Babinets principle. Determine the impedance of dipole and its complementary
structure.
[4]
4. A rectangular microstrip antenna with length L=5 cm and width W=3 cm is
fabricated on a substrate with
r
=2.5 and thickness h=7.94 cm. The patch is
operated in TM
10
mode.
i. Calculate and compare the resonance frequencies with open end effect and
without open end effect.


[20]

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ii. If the patch is fed at the radiating edge, what is the input impedance at resonance
frequency?
iii. If the patch is fed at one of the non radiating edges select the location that will
yield an input impedance of 50.
5. Design a linear array of isotropic elements placed along the z axis such that the nulls
of the array factor occur at =0,60,90,120,180. Assume that the elements are
spaced a distance d=/2 apart and that =0.
a) Sketch and label the visible region on the unit circle.
b) Find the required number of elements.
c) Determine their excitation coefficients.
d) Determine the length of the array.
[15]
6. Sketch at least five types of antenna which you see in your community, surrounding,
mobile etc., Explain the type of antenna, its operating frequency, how it is used and
performance parameter values.
[15]