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FIBER NETWORK MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

Miracle Grand, Bangkok


G. N. Prakash
SSS-APAC
JUNE 2014
2 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved.
Table of Contents
1 Why fiber monitoring
2 Monitoring Scenario
3 Fiber Guardian + FTI
How it works
Scalable solution
4 FG to NQMSfiber.
5 Node iOLM PON/FTTx testing
Centralized Testing with Demarcation Filters
Principles and benefits
6 Benefits
7 Q& A session
3 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Top issues for fiber network
Infrastructure Development
Rodents
Nature
Large Trucks ( aerial cable!!)
Vandalism
Govt Policies
Competitors ??
..
4 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Benefits of Fiber Monitoring
Complete your FO network management puzzle !
Service-level
management
Network
physical
inventory
Fault,
workforce,
ticket
management
Remote testing
Lit fiber surveillance
Test after repair
Cable Q. trending
Your entire network depends on
the fiber:
What is your fiber status
today?
Can you rely on your fiber in
the future?
5 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Benefits of Fiber Monitoring
Drivers for remote and centralized OTDR testing
Leverage
your OSS
tools
Demark
Optically
(SLAs)
Leverage 3
rd
party
investments
(OSS, NMS)
Access to
historical
data Predict
rather than
react
*MTTU = Mean Time To Understand
*TTU= Time to Understand
Reduce
MTTU
Skip
TTU
delays
SLA
Management
6 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved.
Monitoring Scenarios
7 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Monitoring Scenarios
Both Active (In-Service) and Passive (Dark) Fibre Monitoring
All testing will be in a round robin sequence
Priority can be given to specific ports if required
1650nm/1625nm or CWDM testing now supported
8 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved.
FiberGuardian
9 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Guardian
Software
OTDR analysis
Trace Compare
WEB server
RTU controller
Alerting system
T
c
p
-
i
p
WEB
Browser
GUI
T
c
p
-
i
p
STMP
HTML
-XML-
Short
HTTP
FG-720
User Access
Email
Alerting
SMS server
Notif.
Agent
SOAP
-XML
T
c
p
-
i
p
G
S
M
/
G
P
R
S
Short-
Messaging
Alerting / TOD
S
N
M
P
SNMP
Alerting
S
N
M
P
-
T
O
D
SNMP
Traps
(v2c, v3)
WEB services
Proprietary or
third-party
systems
SMTP
(XML)
SOAP
XML
T
c
p
-
i
p
Integration
10 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Guardian
How does it work?
OTDR Connector
Connector
Fusion splice
Fiber Test Insight
(Fault-on-map application)
Geographic
position
End of link
Connector
11 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Guardian
How does it work?
OTDR Connector Fusion splice

Power (dB)
Distance (km)
Slope shows fiber attenuation
Loss
Reflection
OTDR Trace
OTDR
information
End of link
Connector
Connector
12 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Email and
mobile access
Notification
Agent
Fiber Guardian
How does it work?
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
SNMP trap
Break
SMS and
Advanced Email
TCP/IP
13 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Email and
mobile access
Notification
Agent
Fiber Guardian
SMS
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
SNMP trap
TCP/IP
Break
SMS and
Advanced Email
14 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Email and
mobile access
Notification
Agent
Fiber Guardian
SMS
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
SNMP trap
TCP/IP
Break
SMS and
Advanced Email
15 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Guardian
SMS
Fault type, Optical
Distance and
route name
Initial SMS
Field technicians can
run on-demand tests to
verify fault status
And get fault
confirmation
Skip this port to repair
the monitored route
16 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Email and
mobile access
Notification
Agent
Fiber Guardian
SMS
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
SNMP trap
TCP/IP
Break
SMS and
Advanced Email
17 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Email and
mobile access
Notification
Agent
Fiber Guardian
Email and Mobile Access
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
SNMP trap
TCP/IP
Break
SMS and
Advanced Email
18 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Email and
mobile access
Notification
Agent
Fiber Guardian
Email and Mobile Access
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
SNMP trap
TCP/IP
Break
SMS and
Advanced Email
19 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Guardian
Email
This email is sent
automatically
It contains:
- Optical route
- Fault position
- RTU Name
- Etc
20 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Test Insight
Active Monitoring view
Access to FTI through a
web interface
Select the RTU
by double-
clicking on the
map
This view allows you to
see all RTUs status on
the map
21 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Test Insight
Zoom in the RTU
Every route
may have same
or different
color
Now, you are
able to see all
the monitored
routes for that
RTU
22 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Test Insight
Port selection
Select the port
The selected
route will be
highlighted
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Fiber Test Insight
Alert menu
Scroll down to
see the Alert
Menu
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Fiber Test Insight
Mapping the current fault
Click on Map
button
This marker
shows where
the fault is
You can see
the optical
distance
25 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Test Insight
Alert menu and History windows
Right click to
get Reverse
Geocode
The address
will appear
where the fault
is!
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Fiber Test Insight
Opening RTU web page
Open the RTU
Web Page
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Fiber Guardian
Opening RTU web page
Enter the
username and
password
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Fiber Guardian
Current faults
Open the
OTDR trace
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Fiber Guardian
Current faults
Display current,
reference, min, max
and average traces
30 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Email and
mobile access
Notification
Agent
Fiber Guardian
Email and Mobile Access
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
SNMP trap
TCP/IP
Break
SMS and
Advanced Email
31 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Fiber Guardian
How does it work?
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
After repair...
TCP/IP
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Break
Fiber Guardian
How does it work?
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
TCP/IP
33 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Guardian
SMS
Field technicians can
trigger a remote test-on-
demand and resume
monitored port...
And get fault cleared
status!
34 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Break
Fiber Guardian
How does it work?
FTI Application
Customer PC
field.engineer@home.com
OSS Server
Internet
TCP/IP
35 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Email and
Mobile access
Break Clear Degradation
Notification
Agent
New
Fiber Guardian
How does it work?
Clear
FTI Application
Customer PC
Degradation
Break Clear
OSS Server
SNMP trap
field.engineer@home.com
Internet
TCP/IP
SMS and
Advanced Email
36 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Fiber Test Insight
Supported OS and tablets
Any tablet that
supports these OS
For more information on supported OS and Silver Light requirements:
http://www.microsoft.com/getsilverlight/Get-Started/Install/Default.aspx
For more information about the tablets
that support Windows 8:
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-
ca/windows-8/tablets
37 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved.
Unique Features
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The Learning phase
- Optimized automatic thresholds applied to entire monitored link
- Attenuation changes resulting from seasonal variations and environment
are considered
- No false alarms due to misconfigured thresholds
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Auto Provisioning
Two mouse clicks and all routes are provisioned
40 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Provides reports for each fiber
Cable Template Reporter
Proactive business-planning decisions for
Outside Plant (OSP) with an automate repeated
collection of fiber-optic cable attenuation data over
long time period.
Recognize trends of entire cable as well as
specific section and/or event along the fiber.
Allows impact analysis of environmental factors
in perspective of the measurement performed for
e.g. season (i.e. average), humidity, storms,
temperature, ..
41 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved.
From FG to NQMSfiber
42 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
From Fiber Guardian
Scalable topology
field.engineer@home.com
Technician
OSS
Server
FTI Application
Internet
TCP/IP
Add
another
FG
Add routes
to monitor
Add
another
FG
43 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
To NQMSfiber
Migrate to NQMSfiber
field.engineer@home.com
Technician
NQMSfiber EMS
OSS
Server
FTI Application
Internet
TCP/IP
Add
centralized
server
application
44 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
NQMSfiber
Add mobile accessibility and advanced GIS capabilities
field.engineer@home.com
Technician
NQMSfiber EMS
OSS
Server
FTI Application
Internet
TCP/IP
Migrate to an
advanced GIS
application
OSPInsight
Edit/View
Mobile app
Add
mobile
access
Add SMS
alerting
capability
Or integrate to
your current
GIS application
45 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
NQMSfiber
How does it work?
field.engineer@home.com
Technician
NQMSfiber EMS
OSS
Server New Clear
Workstation
Agent
SNMP trap
XML email Email
Clear Degradation
OSPInsight
Edit/View
Mobile app
Internet
TCP/IP
Acknowledge
the alarm
wherever you
are
46 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
From FG to NQMSfiber
Step-By-Step Approach Toward Total Control of Your Network
Stand-alone unit
1 per critical area
Centralized operation -
alarm management,
reports & executive views
POINT
NMS integration
Value
Effort, Cost and Time
http://
SMS
http://
SNMP/
Web Services
Your trouble
ticket
management
system
GIS Integration
possible
possible
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The FG-750 Node iOLM
48 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Principles and Benefits
Centralized Testing With Demarcation Filters
49 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
New Online E2E Certification Test
Test access point
High-reflectance demarcation (HRD) filter
Highly reflective
termination filter
(HRD)
Simplification and Automation
Any level
operator can test
On demand
and remote
Out-of-band (1650 nm) so
that the same solution
can be used for in-service
testing and monitoring
50 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Discriminate each PON leg is key !
18 splitter
22 m
22.5 m
18
splitter
HRD
1650nm OTDR @3ns pulse width creates a 50-cm event dead-zone
which can be used for discrimination of each leg using time-of-flight
difference between the two locations
Node
OTDR
1650nm
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Demark, isolate, and find fault
18 splitter
18
splitter
HRD
Drop of measured
reflectance indicates
these legs have been
impacted (1650nm)
Node
OTDR
Point from where
OTDR sees deviation
in RBS or reflectance
comparing reference
state and actual state
(1625nm)
One does it all
1625/1650nm
52 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
1450 1470 1490 1510 1530 1550 1570 1590 1610 1630 1650 1670
Wavelength [nm]
R
e
t
u
r
n

L
o
s
s

[
n
m
]
1625
(off)
1650
(on)
Traffic from 1260-1614 nm
H
R
D

R
e
f
l
e
c
t
a
n
c
e

(
d
B
)

Measurable RBS
with longer pulses at 1625 nm
1650 nm
(on)
1625 nm
(off)
Practical and Patented Approach
HRD filter
position
Using two tighter out-of-band test wavelengths
Reflectance
Profile
See RBS
@1625 nm
53 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Practical and Patented Approach
The reliable discovery of HRD filters
Example of HRD discovery at 1625 and 1650 nm on an actual customer PON line.
2 HRDs
1.5 m apart
UPC
connection
HRD
HRD
1650 nm
1625 nm
ONT
Splitter with
open ports
1650 nm
1625 nm
(noise)
54 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Complete Lifecycle Testing
Test QC/
certify
Install drop
cable
Troubleshoot Monitor
Test
before/after
repairs
In-Service
Centralized
Testing
Test drop-
fiber-cable
insertion loss
Detect, isolate
and locate
optical/ODN-
related issues
Repeat tests
with
+/- 0.1 dB
repeatability
Validate that the job is
done right
Test and ensure
successful activation
100% of the time
Test all endpoints
in one central
measurement
Add optical switch
cassette for more
test ports
Know what
happens before it
happens (trending,
aging, etc.)
Control length and
optical position of
various PON
elements
Automate fault
correlation
analysis
55 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Node iOLM - Integration level
OLT
ONT 1
ONT 2
ONT 3
Test access point
High-reflectance demarcation (HRD) filter
TOD
NMS
GIS
EMS
Fault
result
Fault
result
TCP/IP
56 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved.
Benefits
57 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Benefits
Business Benefits with Fiber Guardian & NQMSfiber
Optical Performance Tracking and Management
Documented network performance and availability
SLA management
Reduced Operational Costs
Reduced network downtime
Proactive and preventative maintenance
Sub contractor management
Optimised resource management
Leverage Previous Investments
Easy integration of previous GIS and NDS
investments.
58 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved..
Benefits of Node iOLM
Go beyond OTDR.
Where everyone can test like a fiber expert.
PON testing from the central office is now possible.
Practically and reliably.
E2E loss in FTTX certification/acceptance.
On-line and centralized.
Open interface software.
In a Carrier-class and scalable test platform.
Link-
Aware

The
Product
HRD
Testing
Key
App
59 2013 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved.
Questions?