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THE OXFORD SCHOOL, DUBAI

LEARNING OBJECTIVE

Describe an experiment that shows that a changing magnetic field can induce an e.m.f. in a circuit.
State the factors affecting the magnitude of an induced e.m.f.
Show understanding that the direction of an induced e.m.f. opposes the change causing it.

1. (a) The diagram shows a coil of wire connected to a sensitive ammeter. A bar magnet is moved towards the coil.

What is observed on the ammeter?


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(b) What is observed if:
(i) the magnet is removed from the coil?
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(ii) the magnet and coil move in the same direction at the same speed?
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(c) (i) What name is given to the phenomenon referred to in (b)?
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(ii) State three factors which determine the size of the current produced.
1. ..................................................................................................................................................................... [1]
2. ..................................................................................................................................................................... [1]
3. ..................................................................................................................................................................... [1]
2.

(a) To avoid cutting through cables, a gas company uses a device to detect their position before digging holes.
The magnetic field produced by the cable induces a voltage across the coil. This is registered on a meter
attached to the device.
The device cannot detect cables that carry a steady direct current. Explain the reason for this.
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(b)Why is it better to use the coil vertically than horizontally?
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(c)State two ways in which you could get a larger reading on the meter.
1. ..................................................................................................................................................................... [1]
2. ..................................................................................................................................................................... [1]

3.

When a permanent bar magnet is moved into a solenoid as shown, a small deflection is recorded on the
sensitive galvanometer. Which change would increase the size of the reading?

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THE OXFORD SCHOOL, DUBAI


a. Using the south pole instead of the north pole

b. Use less turns of wire


c. Pulling the magnet at the same speed at which it was inserted
d. Inserting a resistor in series with the galvanometer
e. Pushing the magnet in faster
Please justify your answer.
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4.

Which diagram correctly gives the direction of the induced current when the magnet is moved as shown?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

CHECKLIST

TOPIC

CHECKLIST

Describe an
experiment which
shows that a changing
magnetic field can
induce an e.m.f. in a
circuit.

State the factors


affecting the magnitude
of an induced e.m.f.

Show understanding
that the direction of an
induced e.m.f. opposes
the change causing it.

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COMMENTS

THE OXFORD SCHOOL, DUBAI

LEARNING OBJECTIVE:

Describe a rotating-coil generator and the use of slip rings.


Sketch a graph of voltage output against time for a simple a.c. generator.

1. Determine the polarity of induced voltage between the ends of this wire loop, as it is rotated between
the two magnets:

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THE OXFORD SCHOOL, DUBAI


2. In order to make the most practical AC generator (or alternator, as it is also known), which design makes
more sense: a stationary permanent magnet with a rotating wire coil, or a rotating permanent magnet with
a stationary wire coil? Explain your choice.

3. (a) What is meant by an alternating current ?


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(b)Which of the following graphs show an alternating current ?

4. If this wire (between the magnet poles) is moved in an upward direction, what polarity of voltage will the meter
indicate?

PREETI MANOJ

THE OXFORD SCHOOL, DUBAI

Describe the factors influencing the magnitude of the voltage induced by motion, and determine whether
this is an example of an electric motor or an electric generator.

CHECKLIST

CHECKLIST
TOPIC

Describe a rotatingcoil
generator and the
use of slip rings.
Sketch a graph of
voltage output against
time for a simple a.c.
generator

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COMMENTS

THE OXFORD SCHOOL, DUBAI

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