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ASME B31.

3 INTERPRETATIONS

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS VOLUME 21
Replies to Technical Inquiries
November 1, 2005 through October 31, 2007
GENERAL INFORMATION

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It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3
as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition stated in the interpretation, or if
none is stated, to the Edition in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent
revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of
the interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised
reply bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented. In the case where
an interpretation is corrected by errata, the original interpretation number with the suffix E is used.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further,
persons aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve,
certify, rate, or endorse any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix Z.

NUMERICAL AND SUBJECT INDEXES


Numerical and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1
up to and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

B31.3
Subject

Interpretation

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Appendix M and Para. 301.3.1, Temperature Limits for Category D Fluid


Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Duration of Occasional Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fig. 323.2.2B, Reduction in Minimum Design Metal Temperature Without
Impact Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300.1, Buried Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300.1.1, Content and Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300.1.3(d), Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300.2, Flammable Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300.2, Inline Piping Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.2.4, Allowances for Pressure and Temperature Variations . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3.4, Table 302.3.4, and Table A1-B, Weld Joint Quality Factor . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3.5(e) and Appendix A, Weld Joint Strength Reduction Factor,
W....................................................................
Para. 304.1.1(b), Pressure Design of Straight Pipe, Maximum and Nominal
Thread Depth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 304.1.2, Design of Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure and 304.2.1,
Pipe Bends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.3.3, Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.7.2, Pressure Design of Unlisted Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 304.7.2 and 328.5.4(d), Partial Penetration Welding. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 305.2.3, Material for Severe Cyclic Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 319.2.3, Displacement Stress Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 319.3.1(b), Flexibility Analysis Thermal Expansion Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 319.3.2, Properties for Flexibility Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 321.1.4(c) and 323.2.2(d), Piping Support Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.2.2; Fig. 323.2.2A; and Table A-1, Note (6); Lower Temperature
Limits for Impact Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 323.3.1 and K323.3.1, and Table K323.3.1, Impact Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 328.6, Weld Repair and Table 331.1.1, Postweld Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 331, Heat Treatment Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 335.2.3, Bolt Length of Flanged Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 341, Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 341.3.1(a), Examinations and Postweld Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 341.4, Extent of Required Examination for Category D Service . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 341.4.1, Examination of Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 341.4.1(b)(1), 344.2.2, and 344.7.1, Examination Records. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 342.1 and 342.2, Examination Personnel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.2.2, Leak Testing, Other Test Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.2.2(a), Duration of Leak Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Para. 345.2.3(c), Leak Testing of Closure Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Para. 345.2.3(c), Leak Testing of Closure Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. A302.2.4, Pressure Allowances for Nonmetallic Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. A323.4.2, Fluid Service for Nonmetallic Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. A323.4.2(a)(3), Fluid Service Requirements for Nonmetallic
Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. A328, Bonding Procedure Specification for Plastic Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. K323.1.5, Product Analysis and K346.2(b), Required Records . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. K323.3.5 and Table K323.3.5, Impact Testing for High Pressure
Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. M319 and MA319, Piping Flexibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 302.3.4, Weld Joint Quality Factor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 323.2.2, Low Temperature Toughness Tests and Table 323.3.1,
Impact Testing Required for Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 323.2.2, A-4(b), Impact Testing of Weld Metal and Heat Affected
Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 331.1.1, Requirements for Heat Treatment of Carbon Steel Pipe . . . . . . . . . .
Table 341.3.2, Acceptance Criteria for Welds Internal Protrusions . . . . . . . . . . .

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File No.

21-47
21-08

07-1482
06-379

21-40
21-07
21-32
21-22
21-25
21-24
21-45
21-37

07-1359
06-377
06-1197
06-1101
06-1104
06-1103
07-1397
07-1356

21-35

07-505

21-38

07-1357

21-13
21-39
21-34
21-02
21-29
21-09
21-16
21-26
21-41

06-1091
07-1358
07-504
06-297
06-1191
06-387
06-1094
06-1105
07-1360

21-28
21-18
21-19
21-46
21-14
21-17
21-48
21-23
21-04
21-20
21-05
21-42
21-11

21-10
21-36
21-33
21-31

06-1185
06-1097
06-1098
07-1398
06-1092
06-1096
07-1483
06-1102
06-299
06-1099
06-374
07-1361
06-258,
06-295,
06-296
06-388
07-508
07-502
06-1196

21-30
21-15
21-03

06-1194
06-1093
06-298

21-27
21-21
21-06

06-1184
06-1100
06-375

21-01

06-253

21-43
21-12
21-44

07-1362
06-372
07-1363

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-01
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Table 323.2.2, Low Temperature Toughness Tests and Table 323.3.1,
Impact Testing Required for Metals
Date Issued: March 29, 2006

Question (1): In ASME B31.3, Table 323.3.1, does the term manufacturer in Column A refer to
the manufacturer of the piping component?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3 require additional impact testing of ASTM A 333 Grade 6
material if the assigned minimum temperature is 46C (51F)?
Reply (2): Yes, unless the exemptions in Table 323.2.2, B-3 apply.
Question (3): Does ASME B31.3 require the manufacturer to perform impact testing at temperatures below the requirements described in the material specification?
Reply (3): ASME B31.3 does not address who should do the additional testing.
Question (4): Does ASME B31.3 require that the manufacturer, who as part of its manufacture
utilizes girth welds to join ASTM A 333 Grade 6 pipe, perform impact testing if the minimum
temperature is 35C (31F)?
Reply (4): Yes, unless exemptions in Table 323.2.2, A-3(b) apply.

Interpretation: 21-02
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Paras. 304.7.2 and 328.5.4(d), Partial Penetration Welding
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-297
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2004 permit partial penetration for branch connection groove
welds?
Reply (1): No; see para. 328.5.4(d).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, what is the effective weld throat thickness
required for a proprietary integrally reinforced branch connection fitting?
Reply (2): The thickness is as required by the design qualified in accordance with para. 304.7.2
or MSS SP-97, and para. 328.5.4(d).

Interpretation: 21-03
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Paras. K323.1.5, Product Analysis and K346.2(b), Required Records
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-298
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 require any Certified Material Test Reports (CMTR)?
Reply: No; however, see paras. K323.1.5 and K346.2(b).
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File: 06-253

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-04
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 341.4.1, Examination of Welds
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-299
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, para. 341.4.1(b)(1), must welds to be examined
be selected to ensure that each welding process used by each welder or welding operator doing
the production welding is represented?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 21-05
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Paras. 342.1 and 342.2, Examination Personnel
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-374
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, can the operator of an automatic welding
machine also perform in-process examination of the production work?
Reply (1): No; see para. 342.2.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, can the operator of an automatic welding
machine also perform examination of the production work other than in-process examination?
Reply (2): Yes, if qualified in accordance with para. 342.1.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, para. 341, may the examiner be employed
by the contractor/manufacturer?
Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: 21-06
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Table 302.3.4, Weld Joint Quality Factor
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-375
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, can the weld joint quality factor of API 5L
SAW, GMAW, or combined GMAW/SAW welded pipe be increased to 1.00 by 100% radiography
of the weld?
Reply: The Code does not address increasing the weld joint quality factor of API 5L SAW,
GMAW, or combined GMAW/SAW welded pipe.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-07
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 300.1, Buried Piping
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-377
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2002 apply to buried piping?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2002 provide rules for design of buried piping for overburden
and surface live loads?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 21-08
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Duration of Occasional Loads
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-379
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 specify or provide guidelines for the duration of occasional
loads?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 21-09
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 319.2.3, Displacement Stress Range
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-387
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 require that the duration of an operating cycle be considered
when evaluating displacement stress range in accordance with para. 319.2.3?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 21-10
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 345.2.3(c), Leak Testing of Closure Welds
Date Issued: March 29, 2006
File: 06-388
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 require the owners approval to apply the closure weld
provisions described in para. 345.2.3(c)?
Reply: No.
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-11
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 345.2.2(a), Duration of Leak Test
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-258, 06-295, 06-296
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, does a pressure test of less than 10-min duration
by the pipe manufacturer satisfy the requirements of the required leak test in para. 345?

Interpretation: 21-12
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Table 331.1.1, Requirements for Heat Treatment of Carbon Steel Pipe
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-372
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, is PWHT required for circumferential joints
in API 5L X65 pipe when the thickness is greater than 19 mm (34 in.)?
Reply: Yes, unless the provisions of para. 331.2.2 are met.

Interpretation: 21-13
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Paras. 304.1.2, Design of Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure and
304.2.1, Pipe Bends
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1091
Question (1): ASME B31.3-2004, para. 304.1.2 provides two equations to calculate pressure
design thickness for straight pipe, eq. (3a) and eq. (3b), the former using the outside diameter
and the latter using the inside diameter. Do these two equations yield the same results?
Reply (1): Yes, when the corrosion allowance in para. 304.1.1 is applied to the inside diameter
of the pipe.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, para. 304.2.1, may the minimum required
thickness of the extrados of a bend, after bending, in its finished form, as calculated by eq. (3e),
be less than as required for straight pipe by eq. (3a)?
Reply (2): Yes, provided the requirements of para. 304.2.1 are met.

Interpretation: 21-14
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 335.2.3, Bolt Lengths of Flanged Joints
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1092
Question: Does the term bolt as used in ASME B31.3-2004, para. 335.2.3 include bolts, bolt
studs, studs, and cap screws?
Reply: Yes; see para. 309. Also see Interpretation 17-20.
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Reply: No.

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-15
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, Para. A328, Bonding Procedure Specification for Plastic
Piping
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1093
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, must all items in paras.
A328.2.1(b)(1) through (9) and paras. A328.4(a) through (e) be specified in the bonding procedure
specifications (BPS)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, may a range be specified
for some of the items in paras. A328.2.1(b)(1) through (9) and paras. A328.4(a) through (e)?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, must the test assembly
required by para. A328.2.5(a) be tested within the ranges specified for some of the items required
by paras. A328.2.1(b)(1) through (9), paras. A328.4(a) through (e), and any additional items in
the BPS?
Reply (3): Yes.
Question (4): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, if the required items in a
BPS per paras. A328.2.1(b)(1) through (9), A328.4(a) through (e), and any other items listed are
specified as a range, does Chapter VII set range limits for those items?
Reply (4): No.
Question (5): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, for the items required by
paras. A328.2.1(b)(1) through (9) and A328.4(a) through (e), are ranges required to be specified
for any of those items?
Reply (5): Yes.
Question (6): Does ASME B31.3 describe what information is required to be included in the
procedure qualification record (PQR) other than the dates and results of the bonding procedure
specification (BPS)?
Reply (6): No.
Question (7): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, when items, in addition
to those required by paras. A328.2.1(b)(1) through (9) and A328.4(a) through (e), are specified in
a BPS, must all those items be followed when fabricating the BPS qualification test assembly?
Reply (7): Yes, if the additional requirements are applicable.
Question (8): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, when making a BPS qualification test assembly in accordance with para. A328.2.5(c)(2), may three times the piping system
design pressure be used for PT in lieu of three times the manufacturers allowable pressure for
the components being joined?
Reply (8): No.
Question (9): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, when performing a BPS
qualification test for RTR or RPM materials, and the materials for the piping and the component
have different specified manufacturers allowable pressures, can either the lower or higher of the
two pressures be used for the calculation of PT?
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Reply (9): The Code does not address this issue.


Question (10): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, is it required to write a
BPS for bonding each material formulation to other material formulations if a specific material
listed in Chapter VII is manufactured to meet multiple chemical formulations?
Reply (10): No.
Question (11): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 and B31.3-2004, is it required to perform
a BPS qualification test for bonding each material formulation to other material formulations if
a specific material listed in Chapter VII is manufactured to multiple chemical formulations?
Reply (11): No.

Interpretation: 21-16
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 319.3.1(b), Flexibility Analysis Thermal Expansion Data
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1094
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, para. 319.3.1(b), does the phrase at maximum
(or minimum) temperature for the thermal cycle under analysis require the use of the highest
(or lowest) anticipated metal temperature?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 21-17
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 341, Examination
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1096
Question (1): Are WPS qualified in accordance with ASME BPV Section IX acceptable for use
in ASME B31.3?
Reply (1): Yes, provided they were qualified in accordance with the applicable provisions of
para. 328.2.1.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2004 specify the mechanism for qualifying examination procedures and which results are required to be recorded?
Reply (2): Yes; see paras. 343 and 344.
Question (3): Does ASME B31.3-2004 require visual examination of the assembly of threaded,
bolted, and other joints to satisfy the applicable requirements of paras. 335, A335, M335, MA335,
and K335?
Reply (3): Yes; see paras. 341.4.1(a)(4), A341.4.1(a)(4), 341.4.3(a)(2), M341.4(a)(2), MA341.2(a)(2),
and K341.4.1(a)(3).
Question (4): Does ASME B31.3-2004 require visual examination of fabrication (see para. 300.2
for definition of fabrication)?
Reply (4): Yes. See paras. 341.1(a)(2), 343.1(a)(1), A341.1(a)(2), M341.4(a)(1), K341(a)(2), and 344.2.
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-18
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Paras. 323.3.1 and K323.3.1, and Table K323.3.1, Impact Testing
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1097
Question: When performing impact tests to qualify a welding procedure, does the range of
material thickness specified in Table 323.3.1 apply?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 21-19
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 328.6, Weld Repair and Table 331.1.1, Postweld Heat Treatment
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1098
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2004 require heat treatment of weld repairs that are less than
or equal to 19 mm (34 in.) deep in a P-No. 1 material that was required to be heat treated in
accordance with Table 331.1.1 or the engineering design prior to examination?
Reply (1): Yes; see para. 328.6.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2004 require heat treatment of weld repairs that are greater
than 19 mm (34 in.) deep in a P-No. 1 material that was required to be heat treated in accordance
with Table 331.1.1 or the engineering design prior to examination?
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply (2): Yes; see para. 328.6.

Interpretation: 21-20
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Paras. 341.4.1(b)(1), 344.2.2, and 344.7.1, Examination Records
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1099
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, para. 341.4.1(b)(1), is it required, for each
weld for which in-process examination is substituted, that examination and acceptance of each
applicable item in para. 344.7.1 be recorded?
Reply: Yes; see Interpretations 11-11 and 18-17, and para. 344.2.2.

Interpretation: 21-21
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Paras. M319 and MA319, Piping Flexibility
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1100
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, may flexible hose be used in Category M Fluid
Service?
Reply: Yes.
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-22
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 300.1.3(d), Scope
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1101
Question (1): Does the scope of ASME B31.3-2004 include vacuum insulated piping, e.g.,
cryogenic transfer line?
Reply (1): Yes. Refer to paras. 300.1.1(b)(6), 301.7.3, and 345.2.5.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3 apply to the cryogenic piping interconnecting pressure vessel(s),
while both the piping and the vessel(s) are enclosed within a pressure vessel?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 21-23
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 341.4, Extent of Required Examination for Category D Service
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1102
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, do the requirements of para. 341.4.1(b)(1)
pertaining to radiography or ultrasonic examination apply to Category D fluid service?
Reply: No; see para. 341.4.2.

Interpretation: 21-24
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 300.2, Inline Piping Components
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1103
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2004 require that the inline portions of instruments be designed,
fabricated, examined, and tested in accordance with the rules of the Code?
Reply (1): Yes; see para. 300.2 (definition of piping components).
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2004 require that the portions of instruments that are not inline
be designed, fabricated, examined, and tested in accordance with the rules of the Code?
Reply (2): The Code does not address this situation.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, may inline portions of an instrument not
listed in Table 326.1 be used?
Reply (3): Yes; see paras. 302.2.3 and 326.1.2.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-25
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 300.2, Flammable Service
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1104
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, is a liquid that has a flash point of 38C
(100F) considered to be flammable?
Reply (1): It may or may not be, depending upon the ambient or expected operating conditions;
see the definition of flammable in para. 300.2.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, may a nontoxic liquid with a flash point
of 38C (100F) be used as an alternate test fluid per para. 345.4.1?
Reply (2): Yes if the fluid is not flammable, as defined for the purpose of this Code in para. 300.2.

Interpretation: 21-26
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 319.3.2, Properties for Flexibility Analysis
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1105
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, para. 319.3.2, can a value for modulus of
elasticity used in the analysis differ from the value shown in Appendix C?
Reply: Yes, when more directly applicable data is available; see Note (1) of Table 300.4.

Interpretation: 21-27
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. K323.3.5 and Table K323.3.5, Impact Testing for High Pressure
Piping
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1184
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 require impact testing according to para. K323.3 for materials
whose product specifications require impact testing?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 21-28
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 323.2.2; Fig. 323.2.2A; and Table A-1, Note (6); Lower Temperature
Limits for Impact Tests
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1185
Question: Are materials, for which a temperature of 20F (29C) is listed in the Minimum
Temperature column of Table A-1, exempt from impact testing for any combination of thickness
and temperature above 20F (29C)?
Reply: Yes.
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-29
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 305.2.3, Material for Severe Cyclic Conditions
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1191
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, may pipe material not listed in para. 305.2.3
be used under severe cyclic conditions?

Interpretation: 21-30
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. A323.4.2(a)(3), Fluid Service Requirements for Nonmetallic Materials
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1194
Question: Are PVC and CPVC products that are specifically designed for compressed air and
inert gas service, which meet the material requirements of ASTM D 1784, acceptable for use in
compressed gas service in B31.3 applications?
Reply: No; see para. A323.4.2(a)(3).

Interpretation: 21-31
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para A323.4.2, Fluid Service for Nonmetallic Piping
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1196
Question: Does the Code permit plastic products for use in compressed air or compressed gas
service in B31.3 applications?
Reply: Yes, except as noted in para. A323.4.2.

Interpretation: 21-32
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 300.1.1, Content and Coverage
Date Issued: September 20, 2006
File: 06-1197
Question: Does compliance of a piping component with the requirements of ASME B31.9 assure
compliance with the requirements of ASME B31.3?
Reply: No.
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Reply: No.

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-33
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. A302.2.4, Pressure Allowances for Nonmetallic Piping
Date Issued: April 13, 2007
File: 07-502
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 provide an allowance for surge pressure above the hydrostatic
design stress for thermoplastic piping?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 21-34
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 304.7.2, Pressure Design of Unlisted Components
Date Issued: April 13, 2007
File: 07-504
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 provide an approach for designing a hub clamp connector?
Reply: Yes. See either para. 318 or para. 300(c)(3).

Interpretation: 21-35
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 302.3.5(e) and Appendix A, Weld Joint Strength Reduction
Factor, W
Date Issued: April 13, 2007
File: 07-505
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3, para. 302.3.5(e), may the weld joint strength reduction
factor, W, be taken as 1.0 when applicable testing shows the weld joint has creep-rupture strength
that is equal to or greater than the base material at the design temperature?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 21-36
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 345.2.3(c), Leak Testing of Closure Welds
Date Issued: April 13, 2007
File: 07-508
Question (1): If a piping system is divided into subassemblies with each subassembly tested
in accordance with para. 345.1, and reassembled as a piping system, do the connecting welds
need to be tested in accordance with para. 345.1?
Reply (1): See Interpretation 20-07.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004, if an integrally reinforced branch connection
utilizes a threaded and socket weld outlet combination as an unvalved hydrostatic vent and
drain, and the piping system is tested in accordance with para. 345.1, does the socket welding
of the test plugs need to be tested in accordance with para. 345.1?
Reply (2): Yes, unless the provisions of para. 345.2.6 apply.
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-37
Subject: ASME B31.3-2006, Para. 302.3.4, Table 302.3.4, and Table A1-B, Weld Joint Quality Factor
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1356
Question: Is it acceptable to increase the joint quality factor of Table 302.3.4, No. 4, by additional
examination (i.e., 100% radiography)?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 21-38
Subject: ASME B31.3-2006, Para. 304.1.1(b), Pressure Design of Straight Pipe, Maximum and
Nominal Thread Depth
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1357
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2006, when a threaded component in accordance
with ASME B1.20.1 is specified, should the value of 0.02 in. be added to the nominal value of h
for inclusion with factor c of para. 304.1.1, eq. (2)?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 21-39
Subject: ASME B31.3-2006, Para. 304.3.3, Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1358
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2006, para. 304.3.3(a), may Tb for use in calculating
L4, d2, and A3 be based on the thickness of the reinforcing barrel if the thickness of the reinforcing
barrel is not uniform within the L4 limit?
Reply: No; however, see paras. 304.3.1(c) and 300(c)(3).

Interpretation: 21-40
Subject: ASME B31.3-2006, Fig. 323.2.2B, Reduction in Minimum Design Metal Temperature
Without Impact Testing
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1359
Question: Shall the pressures coincident with the metal temperatures under consideration be
used in determining the stress ratio as defined in the General Notes of Fig. 323.2.2B?
Reply: Yes.
I-14

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-41
Subject: ASME B31.3-2006, Paras. 321.1.4(c) and 323.2.2(d), Piping Support Materials
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1360

Reply: No. See para. 321.1.4(a), which requires materials to be suitable for the service conditions.

Interpretation: 21-42
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 345.2.2, Leak Testing, Other Test Requirements
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1361
Question (1): Is it permissible to use a pump to maintain system test pressure during the testing
period?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): How much pressure drop is acceptable during a hydrostatic leak test?
Reply (2): The Code does not address this issue.
Question (3): Is there a maximum test pressure allowed during the pressure testing period?
Reply (3): No; however, see paras. 345.2.1(a) and 345.4.2.

Interpretation: 21-43
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Table 323.2.2, A-4(b), Impact Testing of Weld Metal and Heat
Affected Zone
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1362
Question: If one or more of the three exceptions for impact testing of weld metal deposits in
austenitic stainless steel, as stated in clause A-4(b) of Table 323.2.2, are satisfied, is impact testing
of the weld metal and HAZ required for cases where the design minimum temperature is below
29C (20F)?
Reply: No.

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Question: Does ASME B31.3-2006 address specific impact test requirements for pipe supporting
elements?

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-44
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Table 341.3.2, Acceptance Criteria for Welds Internal Protrusions
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1363
Question (1): Does B31.3-2004 address the effect on process flow by internal protrusions in
groove welds?
Reply (1): No.

Reply (2): No.


Question (3): In accordance with Criterion Value Notes for Table 341.3.2, Symbol E for T w > 6
mm (14 in.), is the multiplication factor 1.5 applicable for aligned porosity length and clustered
porosity length?
Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: 21-45
Subject: ASME B31.3-2006, Para. 302.2.4, Allowances for Pressure and Temperature Variations
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1397
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2006, does para. 302.2.4(f)(1)(b) apply when the
overpressure in a system in Normal Fluid Service is less than or equal to 20%?
Reply: Yes, provided the other requirements of para. 302.2.4 are met.

Interpretation: 21-46
Subject: ASME B31.3-2006, Para. 331, Heat Treatment Requirements
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1398
Question: For API 5L double submerged arc welded (DSAW) pipe with a wall thickness greater
than 34 in., do all welds (e.g., circumferential and longitudinal) require postweld heat treatment
to meet the requirements of ASME B31.3?
Reply: Yes, except as provided for in para. 331.1.1.

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Question (2): Does Table 341.3.2 define the imperfection where one edge of a groove is left
unconsumed at the root without internal misalignment as incomplete penetration?

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 21-47
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Appendix M and Para. 301.3.1, Temperature Limits for Category D
Fluid Service
Date Issued: October 2, 2007

Question: Does ASME B31.3-2004 permit a fluid service that is nonflammable, nontoxic, nondamaging to human tissues, with a design gage pressure less than 1 035 kPa, and a design
temperature between 29C and 186C, to be classified as a Category D fluid service, if the design
minimum temperature as defined in para. 301.3.1 is below 29C?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 21-48
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004, Para. 341.3.1(a), Examinations and Postweld Heat Treatment
Date Issued: October 2, 2007
File: 07-1483
Question: Does para. 341.3.1(a) require examinations be performed after the final heat treatment?
Reply: Yes.

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File: 07-1482

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

NUMERICAL INDEX
Code references are based on ASME B31.3-1990 or later editions. References in brackets are to previous editions
and addenda.

Reference
Introduction

300

300(b)
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300(c)

300(c) [300(e)]

300.1

300.1.1

Interpretation

Reference

Interpretation

Reference

Interpretation

1-3
1-6
1-7
13-04
20-08
7-10
8-17
19-11
1-26
1-32
4-08
5-03
8-09
10-11
13-14
3-2
3-4
4-10
6-03R (Vol. 7)
7-05
8-30
13-02
16-12
18-09
19-31
19-48
20-03
20-20
20-38
1-3
1-6
1-7
7-10
8-17
9-06
12-20
21-07
21-32
1-47
1-52
2-26
3-1
4-19
6-01
8-01
9-02
17-01

Fig. 300.1.1

1-8
1-19
2-26
7-10
8-17
1-8
1-16
1-19
1-26
3-2
15-09
10-05
21-22

310.3.2
301.5.3
301.7.2
302

4-11
4-07
3-4
1-32
19-03
1-50
16-18
17-11
19-02
19-19
1-3
1-32
2-14
3-4
4-11
7-01
7-04
8-04
14-09
17-12
20-03
20-22
20-51
21-45
13-15
20-25
1-18
1-38
2-16
3-13
8-25
11-05
16-04
19-37
19-38
2-20
17-14
1-42
1-78
2-20
3-11
20-34
21-06
21-37
1-20
1-50
2-14
2-15

300.1.3 [300.1.4]

300.1.3(d)
300.2
Category D Fluid
Service

Category M Fluid
Service

flammable
notch-sensitive
owner
piping components

piping system
severe cyclic
conditions

301.2.1
301.3
301.3.1

302.2.3
302.2.4 [302.2.3]

4-13
5-03
6-01
19-34
1-40
1-73
6-01
8-09
9-02
21-25
2-22
2-30
3-2
8-01
14-03
17-23
21-24
1-30
9-06
5-12
8-09
20-23
5-11
20-40
2-3
7-01
2-29
13-15
2-3
17-07
10-02
21-47

Table 300.4
301
301.1
301.2

302.2
302.2.1
302.2.2

302.2.5
302.3
302.3.2

302.3.4
Table 302.3.4

302.3.5

(a)
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ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Reference

Interpretation

302.3.5 (Contd)

Table 302.3.5
302.3.6

302.4
303
304.1.1

304.1.2

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304.2
304.2.1
304.2.2
304.2.3
Fig. 304.2.3
304.3

304.3.1
304.3.2
304.3.3

Reference

Interpretation

304.3.3 (Contd)
2-24
3-4
4-10
4-12
6-03R (Vol. 7)
6-07
7-04
7-05
8-16
15-15
16-11
17-04
17-18
18-16
20-02
21-34
16-10
1-50
2-15
2-16
2-17
19-18
20-02
20-49
20-50
1-20
6-05
1-42
1-54
1-70
13-07
15-06
15-10
16-14
21-38
1-42
1-57
1-68
1-70
2-11
10-20
21-13
15-14
21-13
18-06
1-22
5-11
1-22
1-21
1-46
5-01
6-09
19-33
4-05
4-03
7-02
8-06
8-37

11-10
12-05
14-10
15-05
17-26
21-39
8-37
1-21
1-37
1-55
1-75
2-27
1-70
12-13
3-4
9-07
10-14
19-12
8-18
20-12
9-10
1-51
3-2
4-05
5-05
5-11
6-09
10-7
10-11
10-18
12-09
13-02
13-03
13-05
13-11
19-29
20-26
20-37
21-02
21-34
1-16
3-8
3-9
1-38
6-01
7-03
21-29
12-16
11-03
5-12
5-12
6-02
6-05
10-04
9-07
20-48
2-22

Fig. 304.3.3
304.3.4

Fig. 304.3.4
304.3.5
304.5

304.5.1
304.5.1(b)
304.7.2

304.7.4
305.2
305.2.1
305.2.3

306.4
306.4.2
308.2.1
308.2.4
311.2.4
311.2.5
312
314
314.2.1

(b)
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Reference

Interpretation

Table 314.2.1

8-33
11-16
3-6
3-6
1-17
8-13
19-45
20-48
2-17
20-45
7-04
7-05
12-06
18-13
19-40
21-09
15-24
21-16
21-26
4-10
1-6
1-7
1-55
2-24
5-15
13-05
9-01
1-33
13-14
1-71
2-7
2-24
1-16
7-05
6-07
1-49
19-36
21-41
17-24
10-10
12-18
1-32
2-21
2-29
7-01
12-04
14-09
19-28
8-19
17-09R (Vol. 18)
19-41
1-11
1-15
1-48
2-1
6-06
8-07
8-19
11-03

315.2
315.3
317.2
318
318.2.2
319.1.1
319.2.1
319.2.3

319.3.1
319.3.1(b)
319.3.2
319.3.5
319.3.6

Table 319.3.6
319.4.1
319.4.4

319.7
321.1.1
321.1.4

322.3
322.6.1
322.6.3

323.1
323.1.1

323.1.2

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Interpretation

323.2
323.2.1
323.2.2

Fig. 323.2.2

Table 323.2.2 [Table


323.2.1]

323.2.4
323.3

Table 323.3.1 [Table


323.3.2]

323.3.2
323.3.4
323.3.5

15-04
17-01
17-08
19-27
3-9
1-13
15-12
15-25
19-07
19-21
19-35
19-39
19-47
20-15
20-31
14-08
20-13
20-15
21-28
21-40
1-12
1-48
1-65
1-76
2-19
3-8
4-01
4-15
14-12
15-11
15-16
17-09R (Vol. 18)
18-12
20-31
21-01
21-43
6-06
1-76
5-13
20-14
1-12
1-76
4-17
5-19
5-21
8-29
10-02
11-12
15-23
20-10
20-31
21-18
11-12
8-30
2-9

Reference

Interpretation

Table 323.3.5
323.4
323.4.2

5-14
15-03
10-01
10-19
Table 326.1
1-11
1-51
2-3
8-07
8-34
19-14
328
7-02
12-12
20-39
328.1
12-07
328.2 [327.5]
1-66
11-09
14-13
20-19
328.2.1 [327.5.1, 327.5.2] 1-76
4-17
8-29
19-22
20-19
20-43
328.2.2
20-19
328.2.2(g)
14-05
328.2.2(i)
19-26
328.2.3
15-19
18-08
328.4
13-01
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2 12-10
328.4.3
14-04
Fig. 328.4.4
8-28
9-08
328.5 [327.4]
5-09
328.5.1 [327.4.1]
5-17
328.5.2 [327.4.2]
5-12
16-06
19-20
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.2] 1-28
5-12
6-02
6-05
8-27
15-08
19-16
20-01
328.5.3
20-05
328.5.4 [327.4.4]
1-59
1-74
2-10
4-03
4-14
7-08
8-13
10-04
13-11
21-02

Reference

(c)
Copyright ASME International
Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation

Fig. 328.5.4 [Fig. 327.4.4] 1-59


1-74
4-03
4-16
7-08
328.6
2-18
330
8-21
330.1
8-23
Table 330.1.1
9-05
331
8-12
20-39
21-46
331.1.1
8-08
9-05
14-01
19-15
Table 331.1.1 [Table
1-69
331.3.1]
2-2
5-06
8-24
9-03
12-14
14-16
17-01
20-44
21-12
21-19
331.1.2
8-05
331.1.3 [331.3.6]
1-39
1-59
4-06
5-06
9-03
11-06
14-01
15-18
17-13
17-21
18-02
19-24
331.1.4 [331.1.2]
5-08
331.1.6 [331.3.4]
5-08
16-09
331.1.7 [331.3.2]
1-78
8-22
331.2
18-04
331.2.2 [331.1.1]
1-39
1-78
331.3.4
8-05
331.3.7
8-05
332.1
8-03
19-04
332.2 [329.1]
1-23
1-53
4-02
8-20
332.2.2
16-08

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--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reference
323.1.2 (Contd)

Reference
332.4 [329.3, 330.2]

Interpretation

2-2
19-04
332.4.2
11-03
15-17
335.1.1
15-07
17-25
335.2
2-5
335.2.3
17-20
21-14
Fig. 335.3.3(a)
20-36
340.2 [336.1.2]
1-26
340.3 [336.3]
1-10
10-03
340.4 [336.2]
1-31
17-15
20-33
341
10-16
15-13
19-49
21-17
341.1.4.1
21-20
341.2 [336.1.1, 336.1.3]
1-10
1-26
1-27
2-28
10-03
341.3.1 [336.5]
1-64
2-4
19-15
21-48
341.3.2
8-32
21-44
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.1] 5-09
13-16
Table 341.3.2
14-02
14-07
14-15
16-07
17-03
17-22
18-07
20-16
20-20
20-34
[Table 327.4.1A]
1-1
1-9
1-14
1-41
2-8
5-04
5-13
5-16
5-17
5-18
5-20
6-04
7-06

Reference
[Table 341.3.2A]

341.3.3
341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.4]

341.4 [336.5]

341.4.1 [336.5.1]

341.4.2
341.4.3
341.5
341.5.1 [336.6.1]

Interpretation

Reference

Interpretation

8-32
8-38
9-04
11-08
11-14
12-22
13-16
14-14
1-62
2-25
2-32
3-5
3-14
10-09
10-12
11-02
11-04
13-12
16-01
16-02
16-05
18-01
1-24
1-45
3-12
5-20
11-01
21-23
1-10
1-26
1-27
1-60
2-12
2-28
3-7
3-12
4-12
5-10
8-02
8-10
8-26
10-03
10-17
11-11
11-14
11-15
18-14
19-05
19-42
20-09
20-34
21-04
8-38
8-10
20-09
8-38
1-5
3-12
20-34

342
342.1 [336.4.1]

15-21
2-28
21-05
2-28
5-09
16-13
18-11
20-42
13-12
2-28
8-10
8-26
11-11
15-21
18-17
19-17
21-20
1-10
1-60
2-12
20-34
20-41
1-60
10-17
2-28
3-14
12-01
19-17
11-11
21-20
1-2
1-72
2-31
3-3
8-31
16-03
17-30
19-23
19-30
19-49
20-17
21-11
1-4
1-30
4-04
6-08
8-15
12-21
20-24
21-36
8-31
20-46
18-10
20-47
21-42
20-07
20-11
20-24
20-27

(d)
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343 [336.4.1]
344 [336.4]

344.1
344.2 [336.4.2]

344.2.1
344.2.2
344.5 [336.4.5]

344.5.1
344.6 [336.4.6]
344.6.2
344.7 [336.4.7]

344.7.1
345 [337]

345.1 [337.1]

345.2.2

345.2.3

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Reference

Interpretation

Reference

345.2.3(c)
345.2.3(i)

21-10
17-28
20-37
1-35
19-44
1-2
5-22
19-23
20-06
2-6
3-10
5-02
12-03
20-28
8-04
19-25
12-19
1-35
1-61
1-63
2-23
4-04
9-09
13-13
18-03
19-10
20-46
1-63
1-35
1-43
6-08
11-07
13-06
19-32
11-19
12-02
20-46
1-36
1-25
3-10
17-02
19-06
20-18
4-09
5-07
6-08
8-15
10-15
12-01
12-21
15-02
17-05
17-10
18-15
20-18
20-06
20-43
20-30
21-33

A304
A304.1.1

345.2.4 [337.4.3]
345.2.5
345.2.6 [337.1]

345.3 [337.3]

345.3.1
345.4
345.4.1
345.4.2 [337.4.1]

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

345.4.3 [337.4.2]
345.5 [337.4.4]

345.5.2
345.5.4
345.7 [337.5.2]
345.8 [337.6]

345.9 [337.5.1]

345.9.1
A302.2.3
A302.2.4

Interpretation

8-14
14-17
14-18
A304.5.1
1-67
A304.7.2
13-08
A305
11-17
A314
8-33
A322.6
17-29
A323.4.2
10-06
11-18
21-30
21-31
Table A326.1
20-30
A327.2.4
7-09
A328
21-15
A328.2(a)
10-8
A328.2.1
8-14
18-05
A328.2.5
17-06
A328.5
8-14
10-08
13-08
K300
20-09
K300(a)
17-16
K303
20-21
K304.1.2
11-21
14-11
K314.2
17-19
K315
7-07
K322.3
7-07
K323.1.2
19-09
K323.1.5
21-03
Table K323.3.1
20-41
21-18
K323.3.5
21-27
Table K326.1
20-21
K328.2.1(a)
17-27
Fig. K328.5.4
8-37
K341.4.2
20-09
K346.2(b)
21-03
M305.1
12-15
M307.2
8-35
M313
21-21
M314.2.2
20-36
M322.3
2-13
3-6
M323.1.3
3-7
M326
2-13
M335.3.3
20-36
M335.4 [M335.5, M335.6] 3-6
M341.4 [M336.5]
1-24
1-45
20-09
M341.4.1 [M336.5.1]
2-28
3-7
M345
20-47
M345.1
6-08
MA306.5
9-02
MA313
21-21

Reference

Interpretation

MA323.4

9-02
19-08
8-35
2-20

MA323.4.2
Appendix A Notes (no
equivalent) [(14)]
Note (17)
Note (20) [(30)]
Note (57) [(2)]
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table 1]

Table A-1B [Table 1]

Appendix B
Appendix D

(e)
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4-18
1-77
1-58
1-13
1-18
1-29
1-38
1-48
1-77
2-1
3-8
3-9
3-13
4-12
4-13
6-01
6-06
7-03
8-11
8-18
8-25
8-34
8-36
11-13
12-09
15-01
19-43
19-46
20-29
20-32
21-28
1-78
2-20
4-18
7-03
19-13
1-6
1-7
1-34
1-46
1-55
1-56
1-71
2-7
2-24
4-16
5-01
5-15
6-06
12-08
12-11
12-17
13-05

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Reference

Interpretation

Appendix D (Contd)
Appendix E
[Appendix K]

Appendix F [F323.2]
Appendix F, F323
Appendix F, FA323.4

Interpretation

Reference

Interpretation

Appendix G

5-12

Appendix M

6-01
8-09
20-23
17-17
12-23
13-09
15-22
3-1
1-51

18-18
1-44

Appendix H

5-10
19-20
1-29
20-20
20-30

Appendix J

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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Reference

8-06
11-10
1-28
1-54
1-75
5-04

(f)
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Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Case 137
Case 141

V
X, X3.1.3
X, X3.2.2
X, X302.2.3

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

SUBJECT INDEX

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests
weld

Interpretation

Interpretation

Subject
Bending

1-2
1-1
1-9
1-14
1-41
2-8
5-09
5-13
5-17
5-18
5-20
6-04
7-06
8-32
12-22
13-16
14-02
14-07

4-02
8-03
15-17
16-08

Bends
corrugated
miter (see Miter Bends)
reduction of outside
diameter

8-20

Bolting Materials

4-15
17-20
20-12
21-14

Bonding Qualification Test


hot gas welded
minimum burst pressure
procedure specifications
for plastic piping

14-06

Allowable Stresses
bases for

4-12
1-18
3-13
8-11
8-25
10-13
15-01
1-29
11-13
8-25
8-11
1-38
1-13
1-48
3-13

requirements
solvent cement

19-09

projection into run pipe

Branch Connections
couplings
extruded outlets

flexibility analysis
integrally reinforced fitting

13-04

Alternative Tests (see Leak Tests)


Authorized Inspector (see Owners
Inspector)
Bellows

Brazed Joints
for flammable service
Buckles

Cast Irons
specific requirements

8-14
7-09
8-14
10-08

Category D Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for
limitations

21-15
18-05
8-14

radiographic examination

8-14
8-14
7-09

reinforcement
Alterations of Piping

7-02
7-08
10-04
13-11
17-26

Category M Fluid Service


clarification of term

Bonds
heat fusion
hot gas welded
test assembly

weld requirements

13-09

19-33
1-37
2-27
6-09
9-01
4-05
11-10
8-28
9-03
8-06
8-37
12-05
12-13
14-10
15-05
21-39
2-10
4-03
4-14

double contained piping


fittings
leak test
liquid oxygen
piping flexibility
requirements

tubing size limitations


very small quantity
Code Coverage
B31.3 versus B31.4
B31.3 versus B31.9
buried piping
cryogenic piping
fired heaters
general hydrocarbon
service
inline sensing devices

(g)
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Interpretation

Branch Connections (Contd)


weld requirements (Contd)

1-23

Allowable Loads

for ASTM A 312


for ASTM A 351
for ASTM A 387
for ASTM A 464
for ASTM A 570
for ASTM A 587
for ASTM A 671
for austenitic stainless
steels
for unlisted alloy steel
pipe

Subject

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1-17
1-23
1-53

10-01

1-36
4-13
5-03
21-47
8-38
21-23

1-73
9-02
20-23
8-35
20-36
6-08
8-09
21-21
8-35
9-02
12-15
2-13
1-40

1-47
7-10
21-32
21-07
21-22
15-09
6-01
8-01
21-24

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Subject

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Subject

Interpretation

Code Coverage (Contd)


intent
later editions
new and replacement
piping

16-12
19-01
5-22

offshore platform
oil heating system
radioactive fluids
synfuel plant piping

12-21
19-49
8-17
4-19
12-20
1-52
2-26
3-1

tobacco plant piping

Interpretation

Subject

Expansion Joints

Earthquake (see Seismic)


Empty System
transportation

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Compressors
internal piping

1-8

Corrugated Bends

1-23

Cyclic Loading

5-12
17-04

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of

Examination
acceptance criteria
extent of

16-07
1-24
5-18
11-01
21-04
21-23
3-14
11-15

liquid penetrant (see Liquid


Penetrant Examination)
personnel
postweld heat treatment
progressive (see Progressive
Examination)
radiographic (see
Radiographic Examination)
random

records
required

Design (see also Pressure Design)


additional design
12-13
considerations
calculations
20-26
21-13
conditions
2-3
for stainless bellows
12-23
Lame theory
1-57
minimum temperature
10-02
qualification
20-38
20-40
Displacement Strain

20-45

Displacement Stress

2-14
2-24
12-06
18-13
21-09

severe cyclic conditions


spot
types

21-05
21-48

1-27
1-45
1-62
2-12
2-32
4-12
11-15
11-11
21-20
1-24
1-60
6-04
11-14
11-15
15-13
15-21
18-14
21-17
10-17
11-14
1-62
16-13
18-11

ultrasonic (see Ultrasonic


Examination)
visual (see Visual
Examination)
Exclusions
for compressors and
internal piping
for interconnecting piping
listed in scope

1-8
1-19
21-22
10-5

(h)
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Interpretation
1-16
12-23
13-09

9-06

in-process
Components (see also Fittings, Flanges,
Standard Components, Unlisted, and
Valves)
certification
1-26
3-7
5-10
13-10
defining
17-23
20-11
design conditions
2-3
fabricated or flared flaps
11-03
12-16
inline sensing devices
8-01
21-24
listed
20-25
metric size
19-29
referenced standards
1-44
5-10

Subject

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tees considered as

1-21
1-70
1-55

Extruded Welded Tee

5-01

Fatigue

18-09

Fillet Weld
internal, slip-on flange
pressure containing
size
use

8-27
8-13
1-74
10-4

Fittings
B16.9

conforming to two grades


flared, flareless, or
compression types
MSS SP-75
Flammable Service

Flanges
assembly
design

general
long welding neck
slip-on
use of aluminum
use of raised and flat face
metallic
Flexibility Analysis
branch connections
exemptions from
modulus of elasticity
qualification
thermal expansion data

1-7
5-01
19-14
20-21
8-18
3-6
12-16
1-11
1-17
21-25

2-5
1-67
3-4
9-7
9-10
4-05
5-12
8-27
1-51
9-07

9-01
1-33
21-26
13-05
13-14
15-24
21-16

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Subject
Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
diameters
for a tee

for components not listed


in Appendix D

Interpretation
1-56
1-55
1-56
5-01
1-55
2-24

Flexibility Factors
basis for
for B16.9 tee

for fabricated intersections

for pressure piping


components
for welded elbows
Fluid Service
definition
general hydrocarbon
requirements, metallic

requirements, nonmetallic

responsibility for
categorizing

Interpretation

Subject
Heat Treatment (Contd)
heating rate
local

1-69
5-08
8-05
5-08
8-05
20-39
20-44
8-08
8-21
8-23
8-24
9-03
9-05
12-14
14-01
14-16
15-18
18-04
21-46
21-48
8-24
1-64

monitoring
postweld
requirements

1-56
1-7
12-08
12-17
1-6
4-16
5-15
13-05
1-6
19-34
20-23
6-01
11-16
12-15
12-16
15-03
11-17
11-18
21-30
21-31
4-08

SP-1 through SP-5


when radiography is
required

2-4

absorbed energy data


alternative methods
base metal

1-58

2-2
8-22
15-20

Heat Fusion Joints

13-08

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Heat Treatment
cooling rate
for austenitic stainless steel
for bending and forming
for carbon steel pipe
for flared laps
for valve parts
governing thickness

1-69
1-65
2-2
19-04
21-12
11-03
8-12
1-39
1-59
4-06
5-06
11-06

Imperfections (see also Acceptance


Criteria)
concave root surface
1-1
6-04
determination of
8-32
lack of fusion
5-09
porosity
1-9
5-13
5-16
5-20
slag inclusion
5-20
tungsten inclusions
1-9
5-17
undercutting
1-14
2-8
6-04
Installed Piping

1-30

heat treatment required


in qualifying procedures
of aluminum filler metals
of austenitic stainless steel
of bolting materials
of duplex stainless steel
of heat-affected zone
of high pressure piping
of weldments

requirements

2-9
8-30
4-01
11-12
18-12
20-10
1-76
5-14
8-30
5-19
8-29
2-19
1-65
4-15
20-13
1-76
5-21
21-27
1-12
1-65
1-76
5-21
19-21
21-19
15-23
17-09
20-31
21-18

Instrument Piping

7-07
8-01

Internal Piping, Equipment

1-8

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234, ASTM A
312, ASTM A 403
for branch connections
for circumferential welds
for longitudinal and spiral
welds

2-20
8-06
1-42
1-78
3-11
8-06
17-14
20-34

Joints
alignment
circumferential bends
exposed during test
instrument tubing
special
tapered pipe thread
threaded

(i)
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

5-14
8-30
14-12
19-07
19-43
21-01
21-28
21-43

Impact Tests

exclusions from

Hardness
limitations on
records
testing

Impact Tests (Contd)


temperature limitation

Interpretation

Hydrostatic Tests (see Leak Tests)

8-09
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset

Subject

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15-07
17-25
5-11
2-6
3-10
7-07
8-13
16-15
11-16
17-19
20-48

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Subject

Interpretation

Lateral Fittings

1-6

Leak Tests
acceptance criteria

alternative

as nondestructive
examination
external design pressure
for Category D fluid
service
for Category M fluid
service
for system designed for 0
psi
isolation of test pump
leakage
minimum hydrostatic test
pressure
minor repairs and
additions
of discharge piping
of joints
of newly constructed
systems

of piping and vessel


of piping connecting
equipment
of replacement piping
painting before test

personnel qualification
pneumatic test

preparation for

1-2
15-22
16-03
4-09
5-07
6-08
8-15
12-01
12-21
17-05
17-10
18-15
20-18
8-31
19-44
1-36

Subject
Leak Tests (Contd)
reduced pressure
(hydrostatic test)

requirements
sensitive

temperature correction for


test fluid
test pressure
time

20-47
welds
2-31
1-2
1-4
2-23
4-04
1-2
1-72
20-28
1-4
5-02
5-22
8-15
20-24
1-63
3-3
5-22
12-21
2-6
3-10
5-23
8-31
11-07
11-19
12-02
13-06
19-23
19-30
19-32
20-17
2-6
3-10
5-02
5-23
12-03

Lethal Substance

Subject

1-61

Materials (Contd)
ASTM A 403

2-23
13-13
20-17
8-15
13-13
1-25
17-02
19-06
19-23
1-35
1-43
12-19
12-04
19-10
20-46
21-11
21-42
20-06
20-07
20-35
21-10
21-36

ASTM A 487
ASTM A 537
ASTM A 570
ASTM A 587
ASTM A 633
ASTM A 658
ASTM A 671
ASTM B 241
ASTM B 337
ASTM B 464
austenitic stainless steels
bases for design stresses
carbon steel
certification

conforming to two grades


listed

1-73

Limitations
on hardness
on imperfections (see
Imperfections)
on tubing size

Liquid Penetrant Examination


requirements

notch sensitive
notes
reidentification
toughness requirements
traceability
unlisted material

2-2

2-13
3-6

11-14

Low Temperature Requirements (see


Impact Tests)
Mechanical Interlock
Materials
API 5L

1-78
2-4
3-9
3-11
6-01
6-06
2-4
11-05
2-20
1-29
1-77
2-20
19-07
11-13
8-25

API 5LX
ASTM A 234
ASTM A 312

ASTM A 350
ASTM A 351
ASTM A 387

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Interpretation

Miter Bends
pressure design of

Near Straight Sawtooth Runs


explanation of
Nomenclature
d
T
TW
tn
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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Interpretation
1-77
2-20
8-07
2-1
1-38
1-13
1-11
3-8
1-48
2-19
4-18
8-11
3-13
11-05
19-39
5-10
8-02
13-10
21-03
8-18
8-34
17-09R
(Vol.
18)
17-11
2-22
20-29
8-19
5-19
19-28
11-05
11-20
15-04
17-01
17-08
19-27
19-45

1-22
5-11

1-33

1-54
1-28
5-04
5-16
1-75

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements
in Category M Fluid
Service
joint requirements
materials

pressure design

Notch Sensitive
materials
Occasional Variations
(Pressure/Temperature
Allowances)

loads

Owner
responsibilities

Interpretation

Subject

11-17
11-18
8-35

Pipe (Contd)
spiral welded
straight, under internal
pressure

7-09
8-14
19-08
20-30
21-30
21-31
14-17
14-18
21-33

2-22
1-3

Interpretation

responsibilities of
Pipe
alterations of existing pipe
curved and mitered
segments
elbowless
in corroded condition
instrument
made from plate
of noncircular cross section
pressure design
pressure testing

Pipe (Contd)
of listed components
of unlisted components

11-21
14-11
20-27

types
Pipe Supports
configurations
longitudinal stress effects
materials
use of plastic
Plastic
lined pipe use of
screwed flanges
pipe supports

of valves
6-07
7-05
19-36
21-41
1-49

Pressure Rating
components
valve
variations

2-14
4-11
1-50
2-15
2-16
2-17
19-18
20-49
20-50
21-08

1-26
2-30
5-22
19-11

1-31
20-33
1-26

1-49

Positions
qualification of welding

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices

13-04
20-04
15-14

and test pressure


1-66

Postweld Heat Treatment (see Heat


Treatment)
Preheat (see Heat Treatment)
Pressure Design
allowance

for elevated temperatures


in the high pressure range

of flanges and blanks

of miter bends
of nonmetallic piping
components

17-12
20-03
20-51
21-33
21-45
3-4
1-68
17-16
1-21
1-70
10-14
13-15
19-12
1-21
14-17
14-18
1-42
1-54
1-57
1-68
1-70
2-11
11-21
13-07
15-06
15-10
17-06
21-38

of pipe

18-06
8-03
2-15
17-24
1-48
8-36
3-2
13-07
14-09
9-09

pressure reducing station


requirements
setting

stop valves

Pressure Surges
loads due to
Pressure-Temperature
Rating

16-14
16-18
13-02
13-03
13-05
21-34
8-04
13-15

19-02
8-04
4-11
20-22

2-21
2-29
19-41
11-07
11-19
12-04
14-09
18-03
19-31
17-29
1-32
7-01
12-04
10-10
12-18

1-50
5-05
8-34

Pressure Test (see Leak Test)


Progressive Examination

1-5
1-62
3-5
10-09
10-10
10-12
11-02
11-04
13-12
16-01
16-02
16-05
18-01

Published Specification

1-15

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation

8-33

Pneumatic Tests (see Leak Tests)

of extruded headers
Owners Inspector
qualifications of

7-03
10-20

Subject

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--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Subject

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Subject
Radiographic Examination
100%
as supplementary
examination
digital radiography
normal fluid service
random radiography

records
requirements

selection of welds for


examination
spot radiography
survey plugs
when PWHT is required

Records
certification

for radiographic
examination
of examinations
of hardness tests
retention of
Reinforcement, Branch
attachment weld
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

clarification of terms
limits of

Repairs
to welds
Responsibility
designer
rights of owners
inspection

Interpretation
5-09
20-17
8-38
20-42
20-20
1-27
1-45
1-62
2-12
2-32
3-12
1-10
6-04
11-01
11-05
12-03
2-25
1-62
3-12
19-48
1-64
2-4

5-10
8-02
10-03
21-03
1-10
11-11
21-20
8-22
1-10

4-03
7-08
1-37
11-10
2-27
9-04

2-18

10-11
10-03
17-15

Safeguarding
Scope (see Code Coverage)

5-12

Subject

Interpretation

Subject

Seismic Loads
stresses due to

4-07
2-17

Stress Intensification Factors


application of

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading
large rapid temperature
change
material
spiral welded pipe
Simplified Flexibility
Analysis
Standard Components
manufacturers markings
valves

Standards
compliance
superseded

5-12
8-09
21-29
7-03
1-33
for tees

3-7
8-02
5-05
8-04
8-07

for unlisted components


for welded elbows

5-10
1-44

Temperatures
allowance

Stresses (see also Allowable Stresses)


allowable
19-37
19-38
19-46
20-32
displacement stress range
7-04
12-06
20-02
due to cold spring
8-16
due to occasional loads
2-16
due to pressure surges
1-50
due to seismic loads
2-17
due to sustained loads
15-15
16-04
16-11
20-02
due to thermal gradients
3-4
hydrostatic design
19-13
longitudinal
1-20
1-50
2-15
2-24
4-10
4-12
6-03R
(Vol.
7)
6-07
7-05
8-16
17-18
18-16
reduction factors
16-10
21-34

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

basis for
branch connections
for B16.9 tees
for fabricated intersections

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bending
design minimum
temperature

large changes
limitations

maximum metal
temperature
reduction
variation in elevated
temperature service
verification
Thermoplastic Piping
neat fusion joints
solvent cemented joints
specific requirements
Thickness Allowances
governing

in stress calculations
welding tee

Interpretation
1-34
2-24
6-03R
(Vol.
7)
1-56
2-7
1-7
1-6
5-15
1-46
1-55
1-71
5-01
12-08
12-17
13-05
1-6
12-11

17-12
20-03
16-08
10-02
14-08
14-12
15-11
15-16
17-07
19-35
8-09
4-13
5-14
15-12
15-25
19-47
19-40
4-11
20-15
17-17
16-09

13-08
10-8
10-06

17-13
17-21
18-02
1-20
18-18

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 121

Subject
Thickness Requirements
Tubing
category M fluid service
joints
limitations
Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography

requirements
Unlisted
components

Interpretation
20-17
20-41
16-17
7-07
2-13
3-6
11-05
20-09
20-42
10-17
1-6
1-51
3-6
4-05
5-05
8-7
10-18
10-07
10-11
12-09
13-02
13-03
13-05
19-03
19-19
20-25
20-37
21-34

Subject

Interpretation

Washers, Use of

2-5

pressure buildup
ratings
Visual Examination
internal

requirements

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,

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8-35
16-16
8-07
15-26
8-04
5-05
8-10
8-26
13-16
2-28
10-03
13-16
18-17

Weld (Contd)
reinforcement

Interpretation
7-08
11-08

Weld
acceptable criteria

17-03
17-22
18-07
21-44
12-10
19-16
14-03
19-05
10-15
11-01
11-14
13-16
14-14
14-15
15-02
19-17
19-42
20-06
20-43
1-74
10-19
16-06
20-01
19-15
2-10
4-03
4-14
8-37
11-10
19-25
21-02

bevels
configuration
definition
examination of welds

fillet size

final
for branch connections

materials (see Materials)


Valves
Category M Fluid Service
Flanged Ball Valves
materials

Subject

imperfections (see also


Acceptable Criteria)
joint quality factor

repair

2-18
21-19

socket

6-02
6-05
10-19
15-08
16-06
19-20

spacing of

7-02

types

20-05
20-07

Welder Qualification
by others

15-19
18-08
19-26

requirements

17-27

Welding Procedure
qualification of

1-12
1-65
1-66
1-76
4-17
8-23
8-29
11-09
14-05

joint strength reduction


factor
longitudinal

of valves
preparation for welding
qualification of position

21-06
21-37
21-35
2-20
3-11
4-18
12-12
13-01
14-04
1-66

14-13
19-22
responsibility

12-07
12-12

specification

(m)
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8-21
8-22
20-14
20-19
20-31

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS VOLUME 20
Replies to Technical Inquiries
November 1, 2003 through October 31, 2005
GENERAL INFORMATION
It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3
as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition stated in the interpretation, or if
none is stated, to the Edition in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent
revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of
the interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised
reply bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented. In the case where
an interpretation is corrected by errata, the original interpretation number with the suffix E is used.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further,
persons aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve,
certify, rate, or endorse any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix Z.

NUMERICAL AND SUBJECT INDEXES


Numerical and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1
up to and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

B31.3
Subject

Interpretation

Allowances With Owners Approval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Appendix A, Note (76) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix A, Table A-1, 321 Stainless Steel Stresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Applicability of Ultrasound Testing for Heavy Thick Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter VIII, Piping for Category M Fluid Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter IX, Thickness Limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clarification of Seamless Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Combining Displacements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Coverage of Ozone Gas. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Design Stress for Bolts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Duration of Occasional Loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examination and Quality Factor for Longitudinal Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fig. 323.2.2B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figs. 328.5.2B and 328.5.2C, Slip-On and Socket Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hydrostatic Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interpretation 17-10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Minimum Thickness for Test Blanks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300(c)(3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 300.1.1(b), 300(c)(4), 300(c)(5), 345.1, and 345.8, Vacuum Box
Testing of Piping Field Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 301.1(c) and (d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.2.4, Allowances for Pressure and Temperature Variations . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3.5, Limits on Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained Loads and
Displacement Strains . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 314, Threaded Joints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.2.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 328.2.1 and 328.2.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 328.5.3, Seal Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 328.5.4, Welded Branch Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 331 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 340.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.2.2, Visual Examination of Fillet Weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.2.2(a), Examination for Leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.2.3, Piping Subassemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.2.3, Piping Subassemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20-22
20-29
20-32
20-09
20-23
20-41
20-04
20-45
20-08
20-12
20-50
20-34
20-13
20-01
20-47
20-43
20-17
20-38

B31-05-45
B31-05-388
B31-05-405
B31-04-00497
B31-05-107
B31-05-1209
B31-04-00414
B31-05-1213
B31-04-00496
B31-04-01129
B31-05-1307
B31-05-455
B31-04-01130
B31-03-01912
B31-05-1223
B31-05-1211
B31-04-01293
B31-05-1142

20-18
20-40
20-03
20-51
20-25

B31-04-01294
B31-05-1208
B31-04-00412
B31-05-1308
B31-05-179

20-02
20-26
20-37
20-48
20-15
20-31
20-19
20-05
13-11E
20-39
20-33
20-35
20-46
20-11
20-24
20-27
20-07
20-06
20-28
20-21
20-36
20-42
20-44
20-14

B31-03-01915
B31-05-180
B31-05-1141
B31-05-1305
B31-04-01207
B31-05-404
B31-03-1913
B31-04-00416
B31-94-037
B31-05-1147
B31-05-454
B31-05-477
B31-05-1222
B31-04-00499
B31-05-157,
B31-05-319
B31-05-328
B31-04-00438
B31-04-00417
B31-05-329
B31-05-34
B31-05-786
B31-05-1210
B31-05-1212
B31-04-01131

20-10
20-16
20-20
20-30
20-49

B31-04-00498
B31-04-01250
B31-04-1250
B31-05-391
B31-05-1306

Para. 345.2.3, Piping Subassemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Para. 345.2.3(c), Testing of Closure Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 345.2.6 and 345.9.1(b), Leak Testing and Examination of Welds. . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.3.1, Hydrostatic Testing of Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. K303, Use of B16.9 Buttwelding Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. M314.2.2 and M335.3.3, and Fig. 335.3.3(a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Performing Digital Radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PWHT Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Qualifying the Heat Input for Impact Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 323.3.1, Welding Procedure Qualified Thickness Range and HAZ Impact
Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 341.3.2, Radiography Acceptance Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 341.3.2, Radiography Acceptance Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A326.1, Applicability of ASTM F 1281, F 1282, and F 1974. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use of Sh for Occasional Stress Evaluation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

I-2

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File No.

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 13-11E
Subject: ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 328.5.4, Welded Branch Connections
Date Issued: November 21, 1994
File: B31-94-037
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda a, what is the effective weld
throat thickness required for a proprietary integrally reinforced branch connection fitting?
Reply: The thickness is as required by the manufacturers design qualified in accordance with
para. 304.7.2 or MSS SP-97 and para. 328.5.4(d)
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Note: In the Reply, the cross-reference to MSS SP-97 has been corrected by errata.

Interpretation: 20-01
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Figs. 328.5.2B and 328.5.2C, Slip-On and Socket Welds
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-03-01912
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, is the 116 in. approximate gap
shown in Fig. 328.5.2B and Fig. 328.5.2C required to be present before any welding, including
tack welding?
Reply (1): Yes; also see interpretations 6-02, question (1); 10-19; and 16-06.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, can radiography be used to ascertain
the 116 in. approximate gap before welding shown in Fig. 328.5.2B and Fig. 328.5.2C?
Reply (2): The Code does not specify or restrict the methodology to determine this dimension.

Interpretation: 20-02
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 302.3.5, Limits on Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained
Loads and Displacement Strains
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-03-01915
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 302.3.5(c), shall sustained
load stresses be evaluated separately from the displacement stress ranges of para. 302.3.5(d)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 302.3.6(a), shall sustained
plus occasional load stresses be evaluated separately from the displacement stress ranges of para.
302.3.5(d)?
Reply (2): Yes.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-03
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 302.2.4, Allowances for Pressure and Temperature Variations
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00412
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, does para. 302.2.4 apply to pressure
transients caused by water hammer?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In a fluid transient due to water hammer, there can be many pressure cycles in
the piping response. In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, must all cycles in which the
pressure exceeds the pressure rating or the calculated pressure stress exceeds the allowable stress
be considered with respect to the 1,000 cycle limit in para. 302.2.4(d)?
Reply (2): Yes.

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Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, may the number of cycles of the
variation exceed 1,000 if justified by a more rigorous analysis in accordance with para. 300(c)(3)?
Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: 20-04
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Clarification of Seamless Pipe
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00414
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, can a seamless pipe that has been cut
longitudinally and reassembled by welding be considered as seamless pipe for the purpose of
determining the weld joint quality factor?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 20-05
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 328.5.3, Seal Welds
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00416
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 328.5.3, address sealing a threaded connection
by brazing?
Reply: No.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-06
Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Paras. 345.2.6 and 345.9.1(b), Leak Testing and Examination
of Welds
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00417
Question: Does ASME B31.3-1999 Edition require 100% liquid penetrant or magnetic particle
examination of the seal welds applied at hydrostatic test vents and drains after the acceptance
of hydrostatic test results?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: 20-07
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 345.2.3(c), Testing of Closure Welds
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00438
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, if piping subassemblies meet
the requirements specified in para. 345.2.3(c), are there any fluid service limitations to piping
subassemblies for which closure welds are performed?
Reply (1): No.

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Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition permit a completed piping system, consisting of
piping subassemblies, to have more than one closure weld if all subassemblies have been tested
in accordance with para. 345.2.3 and all closure welds are examined in accordance with para.
345.2.3(c)?
Reply (2): Yes.
Interpretation: 20-08
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Coverage of Ozone Gas
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00496
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition provide coverage for ozone gas piping?
Reply: Yes; see the Introduction of ASME B31.3.
Interpretation: 20-09
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Applicability of Ultrasound Testing for Heavy Thick Piping
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00497
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, is ultrasonic examination an acceptable substitute for radiography for a piping system utilizing Class 2500 components that has
been classified as high pressure piping in accordance with para. K300?
Reply (1): No; see para. K341.4.2(b).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, is ultrasonic examination an acceptable substitute for radiography for a piping system utilizing Class 2500 components if the system
has not been classified as high pressure piping in accordance with para. K300?
Reply (2): Yes; see paras. 341.4.1(b)(1), 341.4.3(b), and M341.4(b)(1).
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-10
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Table 323.3.1, Welding Procedure Qualified Thickness Range
and HAZ Impact Location
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00498
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, when a material with a pipe wall
thickness of 12 in. requires impact testing per the requirements of para. 323.3, is the qualified
base metal thickness range for production welding, per A-5(a) of Table 323.3.1, 14 to 34 in.?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, may the one required set of three
HAZ (CVN) impact specimens, per the requirements of A-4, A-5, and 6 of Table 323.3.1, be taken
at any depth location of the pipe wall thickness?

Interpretation: 20-11
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 345.2.3, Piping Subassemblies
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-00499
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 345.2.3, may a component be
considered a piping subassembly?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 20-12
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Design Stress for Bolts
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-01129
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition specify what loads to consider when calculating a
bolt stress to compare to the design stress values for bolting materials?
Reply: No, except for flanges; see para. 304.5.1.

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Reply (2): Yes.

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-13
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Fig. 323.2.2B
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-01130
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3, Fig. 323.2.2B, provide a basis for the use of impact-tested
carbon steels at a Minimum Design Metal Temperature (MDMT) colder than the impact test
temperature, provided the stress ratio defined in Fig. 323.2.2B is less than 1 and the MDMT is
not colder than 104C (155F)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3 permit Fig. 323.2.2B to be used to provide a basis for the use
of impact-tested duplex stainless steels, UNS S31803, impact tested at 46C (50F), in the same
manner as described in question (1)?
Reply (2): No.
Interpretation: 20-14
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Qualifying the Heat Input for Impact Testing
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-01131
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition require that all the requirements of ASME BPV Code,
Section IX, be complied with for a WPS requiring impact testing?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: 20-15
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-01207
Question: Does ASME B31.3 permit a temperature reduction calculated in accordance with Fig.
323.2.2B to be applied for carbon steels covered in 323.2.2(a) that have a minimum temperature
listed in Table A-1?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: 20-16
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Table 341.3.2, Radiography Acceptance Criteria
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-01250
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, when 100% radiographic examination
and no further acceptance criteria are specified for Normal Fluid Service, is it required that
the acceptance criteria for severe cyclic conditions as noted in Table 341.3.2 be applied to the
examination?
Reply: No, the requirements of Normal Fluid Service apply.
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-17
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Minimum Thickness for Test Blanks
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-01293
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition address required thickness for blanks or closures
installed only for a pneumatic or hydrostatic leak test?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition address required thickness for permanent blanks
and closures?
Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: 20-18
Subject: ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, Paras. 300.1.1(b), 300(c)(4), 300(c)(5), 345.1, and 345.8, Vacuum
Box Testing of Piping Field Welds
Date Issued: October 20, 2004
File: B31-04-01294
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-1996 Edition permit performing the Alternative Leak Test
method in accordance with para. 345.9 in lieu of hydrostatic or pneumatic testing for Normal
Fluid Service piping that does not satisfy the conditions of para. 345.1(c)?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. 345.8, is it acceptable to
perform a leak test in accordance with BPV Code, Section V, Article 10, Appendix II, Bubble
Test Vacuum Box Technique?
Reply (2): Yes, provided it has a demonstrated sensitivity of not less than 10-3 atm-ml/sec.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. 345.8, if leak testing in
accordance with BPV Code, Section V, Article 10, Appendix II, Bubble Test Vacuum Box
Technique, is it acceptable to test piping with a 60 psig or greater design pressure at less than
15 psi differential pressure?
Reply (3): No.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-19
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Paras. 328.2.1 and 328.2.2
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-03-1913
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 328.2.1, by referencing BPV Code Section
IX, permit the use of Standard Welding Procedure Specifications, compliant with the requirements
of BPV Code, Section IX, Article V, in ASME B31.3 applications?
Reply (1): Yes, if they satisfy all the requirements of ASME B31.3, including the qualification
requirements in para. 328.2.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 328.2.2 apply to Standard Welding Procedure
Specifications compliant with the requirements of BPV Code, Section IX, Article V?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, do the rules of discreet demonstration of BPV Code, Section IX, Article V comply with the requirements of para. 328.2.2(i)?
Reply (3): No.

Interpretation: 20-20
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Table 341.3.2, Radiography Acceptance Criteria
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-04-1250
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition require more stringent examination acceptance criteria
for sour and hydrogen service designated as Normal Fluid Service than for other services designated as Normal Fluid Service?
Reply: No. See paras. 300(c)(5) and F323.

Interpretation: 20-21
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. K303, Use of B16.9 Buttwelding Fittings
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-34
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, may an ASME B16.9 fitting for which
the design pressure has been established by proof testing in accordance with ASME B16.9 be
used in Chapter IX service?
Reply: Yes, provided the requirements of Table K326.1, Note (2) are met.

I-9
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-22
Subject: Allowances With Owners Approval
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-45
Question (1): With the owners approval, as described in ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para.
302.2.4(f)(1), is it permissible to exceed the pressure rating or the allowable stress for pressure
design at temperature as described in para. 302.2.4(f)(1)(a) when the variation is self-limiting
(e.g., due to a pressure relieving event)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. 302.2.4(f)(2), permit exceeding the pressure
rating or the allowable stress for pressure design at the temperature at the increased condition
without owners approval?
Reply (2): Yes.
Interpretation: 20-23
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Chapter VIII, Piping for Category M Fluid Service
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-107
Question (1): If an ASME BPV Code Section VIII vessel has been determined to be in lethal
substance service, must the attached B31.3 piping system be classified as Category M Fluid
Service?
Reply (1): No; see para. 300(b)(1).
Question (2): Is Appendix M of B31.3 mandatory?
Reply (2): No; see Table 300.4. However, see the definition of fluid service in para. 300.2.
Question (3): Is the Code user responsible for considering applicable items in Appendix M?
Reply (3): Yes; see Note (2) of Table 300.4.
Interpretation: 20-24
Subject: ASME B31.3-1998 Addenda to 1996 Edition, and B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 345.2.3, Piping
Subassemblies
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-157 and B31-05-319
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition define subassemblies the same way as it defines
piping components?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3c-1998 Addenda and ASME B31.3-2002 Edition,
does para. 345.2.3(a) allow piping components to be independently tested as required by para.
345.1, and then assembled and placed into service with no additional leak testing?
Reply (2): No, unless the system is assembled with flanged joints or closure welds as described
in paras. 345.2.3(b) and (c).
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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-25
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 302.3
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-179
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition establish a preference in the selection of listed versus
unlisted components?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: 20-26
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 304.7.2
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-180
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 304.7.2, require calculations consistent with
the design criteria of the Code be performed and that these calculations be substantiated by
means of (a), (b), (c), or (d)?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: 20-27

Date Issued: May 20, 2005


File: B31-05-328
Question: Does the ASME B31.3-2002 Edition definition of a piping subassembly require that
it be in the installed position?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: 20-28
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 345.3.1, Hydrostatic Testing of Pipe
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-329
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, can buried pipe be leak tested without
visual examination of joints?
Reply: No, unless the joints have been previously tested. See para. 345.3.1.
Interpretation: 20-29
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Appendix A, Note (76)
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-388
Question: Does Note (76) apply only to the materials for which Note (76) is specified in
Table A-1?
Reply: Yes.
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Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 345.2.3, Piping Subassemblies

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-30
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Table A326.1, Applicability of ASTM F 1281, F 1282, and F 1974
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-391
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition allow the use of products meeting ASTM F 1281, F
1282, and F 1974 in compressed gas service?
Reply: Yes. See para. A302.2.3 and Appendix F, para. FA323.4(b).

Interpretation: 20-31
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 323.2.2
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-404
Question (1): For welded (with filler metal added) austenitic stainless steel pipe or fitting
material intended for service with a minimum design metal temperature that is warmer than
the minimum temperature allowed by Table A-1 but colder than 20F, do the requirements of
block A-4(b) of Table 323.2.2 apply?
Reply (1): Yes.
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Question (2): If it is required that the stainless steel pipe or fitting manufacturer conduct impact
tests of the weld metal deposits, may the provisions of Note (2) of Table 323.2.2, allowing impact
tests performed as part of the weld procedure qualification, be used to fully satisfy all the impact
test requirements of para. 323.2.2?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): If the stainless steel pipe or fitting manufacturer uses the impact tests performed
as part of the weld procedure qualification to satisfy all the provisions of para. 323.2.2, do the
provisions of block A-1 of Table 323.3.1 apply?
Reply (3): No.
Question (4): For austenitic stainless steel applications in ASME B31.3, are manufacturers
welding procedure specifications and procedure qualifications necessary for any specifications
welded with filler metal?
Reply (4): No.
Question (5): When welding procedure specifications and procedure qualifications that include
qualification of the welding procedure by impact testing are produced by the manufacturer when
producing austenitic stainless steel weld pipe or fittings, may those procedure specifications and
qualifications be used to satisfy the requirements of Table 323.2.2?
Reply (5): Yes.

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-32
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Appendix A, Table A-1, 321 Stainless Steel Stresses
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-405
Question (1): Should the allowable stress for A 403 WP321 fittings conforming to ASME B16.9,
such as elbows and tees, be per A 312 TP321 pipe?

Question (2): Should the wall thickness for seamless fittings conforming to ASME B16.9, manufactured to A 403 WP321, be calculated based on the allowable stress value for A 403 WP321
material?
Reply (2): Yes.
Interpretation: 20-33
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 340.4
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-454
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 340.4, do the qualification
requirements of the owners inspector apply to the individual designated as the owners inspector?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, para. 340.4(b), do the qualification
requirements of the owners inspector apply to the organization employing the inspector?
Reply (2): No.
Interpretation: 20-34
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Examination and Quality Factor for Longitudinal Welds
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-455
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, if single butt longitudinal welds
made as part of pipe fabrication are visually examined per para. 341.4.1(a)(3) and examined per
para. 341.4.1(b), does a joint factor, Ej, of 0.80 apply?
Reply (1): Yes; see Table 302.3.4.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, if single butt longitudinal welds
made as part of pipe fabrication are visually examined per para. 341.4.1(a)(3), examined per para.
341.4.1(b), and radiographed per para 341.5.1(a), does a joint factor, Ej, of 0.90 apply?
Reply (2): Yes; see Table 302.3.4.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, if single butt longitudinal welds
made as part of pipe fabrication are visually examined per para. 341.4.1(a)(3) and 100% radiographed per para. 344.5.1 and Table 341.3.2, does a joint factor, Ej, of 1.00 apply?
Reply (3): Yes; see Table 302.3.4.
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Reply (1): No.

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-35
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 345.2.2, Visual Examination of Fillet Weld
Date Issued: May 20, 2005
File: B31-05-477
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition require, when a structural attachment is fillet welded
on one side, that the opposite side of the structural attachment be left exposed for examination
during leak testing?
Reply: No. See also interpretation 19-23.
Interpretation: 20-36
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Paras. M314.2.2 and M335.3.3, and Fig. 335.3.3(a)
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-786
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31-3-2004 Edition, may straight thread, O-ring style
connection fittings be used in Category M fluid service?
Reply (1): Yes, provided that they meet the requirements of the Code, including para. M314.2.2
and para. M335.3.3.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, is demonstrating leak tightness
sufficient to qualify use of fittings such as those shown in Fig. 335.3.3(a) for use in Category M
Fluid Service?
Reply (2): No.
Interpretation: 20-37
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Para. 304.7.2
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1141
Question (1): When qualifying unlisted components for pressure design using ASME B31.3-2004
Edition, para. 304.7.2(d), using the rules of BPVC Section VIII-1, UG-101, may the designer make
analogies among related materials in accordance with para. 304.7.2(e)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2004 Edition define related materials as used in para. 304.7.2(e)?
Reply (2): No.
Interpretation: 20-38
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Para. 300(c)(3)
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

File: B31-05-1142
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, may a designer apply a more rigorous
analysis to qualify a design that deviates from specific requirements of the Code?
Reply: Yes. See para. 300(c)(3).

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ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-39
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Para. 331
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1147
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, are the longitudinal seams of
welded seam pipe and seams in welded seam fittings subject to the postweld heat treatment
requirements of para. 331?
Reply (1): Yes, provided the welds are made in accordance with para. 328.

Reply (2): No, unless otherwise required by the notes for Appendix A or specified in the
engineering design.

Interpretation: 20-40
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Paras. 301.1(c) and (d)
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1208
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, does the successful completion of
an engineering program that is equivalent to 2 years of full-time study meet the engineering
associates degree requirement of para. 301.1(c)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does the experience in the design of related pressure piping requirement in
para. 301.1(d) differ from the requirements in paras. 301.1(a), (b), and (c)?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition address the initiation of experience in para. 301.1?
Reply (3): No.

Interpretation: 20-41
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Chapter IX, Thickness Limitations
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1209
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, when qualifying a welding procedure
for High Pressure Fluid Service, does the range of material thicknesses specified in Table K323.3.1
apply to determine the number of impact test pieces required?
Reply: Yes.
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Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, do the postweld heat treatment
requirements of para. 331 apply to listed components?

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-42
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Performing Digital Radiography
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1210
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, para. 344, is the use of digital radiography permitted?
Reply: Yes, provided the methodology meets the requirements of para. 344.5.1.
Interpretation: 20-43
Subject: ASME B31.3, Interpretation 17-10
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1211
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, has the Code been changed to supersede
the response to inquiry 17-10?
Reply: Interpretation 17-10 applies to ASME B31.3-1997 Edition, Addendum b. Subsequently,
the Code was revised to reflect the present wording.
Interpretation: 20-44
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, PWHT Requirements
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1212
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Table 331.1.1, for P-No. 1 material,
can a weld procedure qualified to ASME Section IX that has a weld joint thickness range from
0.0625 in. to 2.00 in. be used without postweld heat treatment for a butt groove weld joint with
a thickness greater than 34 in.?
Reply: No; see para. 328.2.1(c).
Interpretation: 20-45
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Combining Displacements
Date Issued: October 18, 2005

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, are strains caused by cyclic support
displacements during seismic events considered to be externally imposed displacements in accordance with para. 319.2.1(c)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, shall externally imposed displacement strains, excluding single cycle events, be considered in conjunction with thermal displacement strains?
Reply (2): Yes; see para. 319.2.1(d).
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File: B31-05-1213

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-46
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Para. 345.2.2(a), Examination for Leaks
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1222
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, does the 10 min minimum hold time
referenced in para. 345.2.2 apply to both hydrostatic leak test in accordance with para. 345.4.2
and pneumatic leak test in accordance with para. 345.5.4?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: 20-47
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Hydrostatic Testing
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1223
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, are both a sensitive leak test and a
hydrostatic, pneumatic, or hydrostatic-pneumatic leak test required for Category M piping?
Reply: Yes; see para. M345.
Interpretation: 20-48
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Para. 314, Threaded Joints
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1305
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2004 Edition advise against using the relative motion of threaded
connections (i.e., to screw and unscrew some fraction of a turn) to provide flexibility for thermal
expansion?
Reply (1): Yes. See para. 314.1(c).
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2004 Edition prohibit the practice of using the relative motion
of threaded connections to provide flexibility for thermal expansion?

Interpretation: 20-49
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Use of Sh for Occasional Stress Evaluation
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1306
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, when a piping system operates at
multiple sets of coincident operating temperatures and pressures, and the system may at any
random moment be loaded with an occasional load such as earthquake, wind, or pressure relief,
should all coincident operating pressures and temperatures expected during operation be considered and shall the basic allowable stress used in para. 302.3.6 be based on the applicable temperature for each condition?
Reply: Yes.
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Reply (2): No, provided the relative motion does not cause leakage at the joint, as required by
para. 319.1.1.

ASME B31.3 INTERPRETATIONS

Interpretation: 20-50
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002 Edition, Duration of Occasional Loads
Date Issued: October 18, 2005
File: B31-05-1307
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 Edition address the duration of a load in qualifying the load
as being occasional in para. 302.3.6?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 20-51
Subject: ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, Para. 302.2.4
Date Issued: October 18, 2005

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2004 Edition, para. 302.2.4(f)(1)(a), is the 33% overpressure allowance for no more than 10 hr at any one time and no more than 100 hr/yr applicable
to pressure relieving events?
Reply: Yes, provided all other applicable requirements of para. 302.2.4 are met.

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File: B31-05-1308

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

NUMERICAL INDEX
Code references are based on ASME B31.3-1990 or later Editions. References in brackets are to previous Editions
and Addenda.

Reference
Introduction

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

300

300(b)

300(c)

300(c) [300(e)]

300.1

300.1.1

Fig. 300.1.1

Interpretation
1-3
1-6
1-7
13-04
20-08
7-10
8-17
19-11
1-26
1-32
4-08
5-03
8-09
10-11
13-14
3-2
3-4
4-10
6-03R (Vol. 7)
7-05
8-30
13-02
16-12
18-09
19-31
19-48
20-03
20-20
20-38
1-3
1-6
1-7
7-10
8-17
9-06
12-20
1-47
1-52
2-26
3-1
4-19
6-01
8-01
9-02
17-01
1-8
1-19
2-26

Reference

Interpretation

Fig. 300.1.1 (Contd)

300.1.3 [300.1.4]

300.1.3(d)
300.2
Category D Fluid
Service

Category M Fluid
Service

notch-sensitive
owner
piping components

piping system
severe cyclic
conditions

301.2.1
301.3
301.3.1
310.3.2
301.5.3
301.7.2
302

302.2
302.2.1
302.2.2
302.2.3
302.2.4 [302.2.3]

4-13
5-03
6-01
19-34
1-40
1-73
6-01
8-09
9-02
2-22
2-30
3-2
8-01
14-03
17-23
1-30
9-06
5-12

(a)
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Interpretation

302 (Contd)

7-10
8-17
1-8
1-16
1-19
1-26
3-2
15-09
10-05

8-09
20-23
5-11
20-40
2-3
7-01
2-29
13-15
2-3
17-07
10-02
4-11
4-07
3-4
1-32

Table 300.4
301
301.1
301.2

Reference

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302.2.5
302.3
302.3.2

302.3.4
Table 302.3.4

302.3.5

19-03
1-50
16-18
17-11
19-02
19-19
1-3
1-32
2-14
3-4
4-11
7-01
7-04
8-04
14-09
17-12
20-03
20-22
20-51
13-15
20-25
1-18
1-38
2-16
3-13
8-25
11-05
16-04
19-37
19-38
2-20
17-14
1-42
1-78
2-20
3-11
20-34
1-20
1-50
2-14
2-15
2-24
3-4
4-10
4-12
6-03R (Vol. 7)
6-07

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Reference

Interpretation

302.3.5 (Contd)

Table 302.3.5
302.3.6

302.4
303
304.1.1

304.1.2

304.2
304.2.2
304.2.3
Fig. 304.2.3
304.3

304.3.1
304.3.2
304.3.3

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Fig. 304.3.3
304.3.4

Reference

Interpretation

304.3.4 (Contd)

7-04
7-05
8-16
15-15
16-11
17-04
17-18
18-16
20-02
16-10
1-50
2-15
2-16
2-17
19-18
20-02
20-49
20-50
1-20
6-05
1-42
1-54
1-70
13-07
15-06
15-10
16-14
1-42
1-57
1-68
1-70
2-11
10-20
15-14
18-06
1-22
5-11
1-22
1-21
1-46
5-01
6-09
19-33
4-05
4-03
7-02
8-06
8-37
11-10
12-05
14-10
15-05
17-26
8-37
1-21
1-37
1-55
1-75

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Reference

Interpretation

319.2.3 (Contd)

2-27
1-70
12-13
3-4
9-07
10-14
19-12
8-18
20-12
9-10
1-51
3-2
4-05
5-05
5-11
6-09
10-7
10-11
10-18
12-09
13-02
13-03
13-05
13-11
19-29
20-26
20-37
1-16
3-8
3-9
1-38
6-01
7-03
12-16
11-03
5-12
5-12
6-02
6-05
10-04
9-07
20-48
2-22
8-33
11-16
3-6
3-6
1-17
8-13
19-45
20-48
2-17
20-45
7-04
7-05
12-06

Fig. 304.3.4
304.3.5
304.5

304.5.1
304.5.1(b)
304.7.2

304.7.4
305.2
305.2.1
305.2.3
306.4
306.4.2
308.2.1
308.2.4
311.2.4
311.2.5
312
314
314.2.1
Table 314.2.1
315.2
315.3
317.2
318
318.2.2
319.1.1
319.2.1
319.2.3

319.3.1
319.3.1(b)
319.3.5
319.3.6

Table 319.3.6
319.4.1
319.4.4

319.7
321.1.1
321.1.4
322.3
322.6.1
322.6.3

323.1
323.1.1

323.1.2

323.2
323.2.1
323.2.2

Fig. 323.2.2

(b)
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18-13
19-40
15-24
4-10
1-6
1-7
1-55
2-24
5-15
13-05
9-01
1-33
13-14
1-71
2-7
2-24
1-16
7-05
6-07
1-49
19-36
17-24
10-10
12-18
1-32
2-21
2-29
7-01
12-04
14-09
19-28
8-19
17-09R (Vol. 18)
19-41
1-11
1-15
1-48
2-1
6-06
8-07
8-19
11-03
15-04
17-01
17-08
19-27
3-9
1-13
15-12
15-25
19-07
19-21
19-35
19-39
19-47
20-15
20-31
14-08

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Reference

Interpretation

Fig. 323.2.2 (Contd)

Table 323.2.2 [Table


323.2.1]

323.2.4
323.3

Table 323.3.1 [Table


323.3.2]

323.3.2
323.3.4
323.3.5
Table 323.3.5
323.4
323.4.2
Table 326.1

328

328.1
328.2 [327.5]

328.2.1 [327.5.1, 327.5.2]

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20-13
20-15
1-12
1-48
1-65
1-76
2-19
3-8
4-01
4-15
14-12
15-11
15-16
17-09R (Vol. 18)
18-12
20-31
6-06
1-76
5-13
20-14
1-12
1-76
4-17
5-19
5-21
8-29
10-02
11-12
15-23
20-10
20-31
11-12
8-30
2-9
5-14
15-03
10-01
10-19
1-11
1-51
2-3
8-07
8-34
19-14
7-02
12-12
20-39
12-07
1-66
11-09
14-13
20-19
1-76
4-17
8-29
19-22

Reference

Interpretation

328.2.1 [327.5.1, 327.5.2] (Contd)


20-19
20-43
328.2.2
20-19
328.2.2(g)
14-05
328.2.2(i)
19-26
328.2.3
15-19
18-08
328.4
13-01
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2 12-10
328.4.3
14-04
Fig. 328.4.4
8-28
9-08
328.5 [327.4]
5-09
328.5.1 [327.4.1]
5-17
328.5.2 [327.4.2]
5-12
16-06
19-20
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.2] 1-28
5-12
6-02
6-05
8-27
15-08
19-16
20-01
328.5.3
20-05
328.5.4 [327.4.4]
1-59
1-74
2-10
4-03
4-14
7-08
8-13
10-04
13-11
Fig. 328.5.4 [Fig. 327.4.4] 1-59
1-74
4-03
4-16
7-08
328.6
2-18
330
8-21
330.1
8-23
Table 330.1.1
9-05
331
8-12
20-39
331.1.1
8-08
9-05
14-01
19-15
Table 331.1.1 [Table
1-69
331.3.1]
2-2
5-06
8-24
9-03
12-14
14-16

(c)
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Reference

Interpretation

Table 331.1.1 [Table 331.3.1] (Contd)


17-01
20-44
331.1.2
8-05
331.1.3 [331.3.6]
1-39
1-59
4-06
5-06
9-03
11-06
14-01
15-18
17-13
17-21
18-02
19-24
331.1.4 [331.1.2]
5-08
331.1.6 [331.3.4]
5-08
16-09
331.1.7 [331.3.2]
1-78
8-22
331.2
18-04
331.2.2 [331.1.1]
1-39
1-78
331.3.4
8-05
331.3.7
8-05
332.1
8-03
19-04
332.2 [329.1]
1-23
1-53
4-02
8-20
332.2.2
16-08
332.4 [329.3, 330.2]
2-2
19-04
332.4.2
11-03
15-17
335.1.1
15-07
17-25
335.2
2-5
335.2.3
17-20
Fig. 335.3.3(a)
20-36
340.2 [336.1.2]
1-26
340.3 [336.3]
1-10
10-03
340.4 [336.2]
1-31
17-15
20-33
341
10-16
15-13
19-49
341.2 [336.1.1, 336.1.3]
1-10
1-26
1-27
2-28
10-03
341.3.1 [336.5]
1-64
2-4

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Reference

Interpretation

341.3.1 [336.5] (Contd)


19-15
341.3.2
8-32
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.1] 5-09
13-16
Table 341.3.2
14-02
14-07
14-15
16-07
17-03
17-22
18-07
20-16
20-20
20-34
[Table 327.4.1A]
1-1
1-9
1-14
1-41
2-8
5-04
5-13
5-16
5-17
5-18
5-20
6-04
7-06
[Table 341.3.2A]
8-32
8-38
9-04
11-08
11-14
12-22
13-16
341.3.3
14-14
341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.4]
1-62
2-25
2-32
3-5
3-14
10-09
10-12
11-02
11-04
13-12
16-01
16-02
16-05
18-01
341.4 [336.5]
1-24
1-45
3-12
5-20
11-01
341.4.1 [336.5.1]
1-10
1-26
1-27
1-60

Reference

Interpretation

341.4.1 [336.5.1] (Contd)


2-12
2-28
3-7
3-12
4-12
5-10
8-02
8-10
8-26
10-03
10-17
11-11
11-14
11-15
18-14
19-05
19-42
20-09
20-34
8-38
8-10
20-09
8-38
1-5
3-12
20-34
15-21
2-28
2-28
5-09
16-13
18-11
20-42
13-12
2-28
8-10
8-26
11-11
15-21
18-17
19-17
1-10
1-60
2-12
20-34
20-41
1-60
10-17
2-28
3-14
12-01
19-17
11-11
1-2
1-72
2-31
3-3
8-31

341.4.2
341.4.3
341.5
341.5.1 [336.6.1]

342
342.1 [336.4.1]
343 [336.4.1]
344 [336.4]

344.1
344.2 [336.4.2]

344.2.1
344.5 [336.4.5]

344.5.1
344.6 [336.4.6]
344.6.2
344.7 [336.4.7]

344.7.1
345 [337]

Reference

345.1 [337.1]

345.2.2

345.2.3

345.2.3(i)
345.2.4 [337.4.3]
345.2.5
345.2.6 [337.1]

345.3 [337.3]

345.3.1
345.4
345.4.1
345.4.2 [337.4.1]

345.4.3 [337.4.2]
345.5 [337.4.4]

345.5.2
345.5.4

(d)

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation

345 [337] (Contd)

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

16-03
17-30
19-23
19-30
19-49
20-17
1-4
1-30
4-04
6-08
8-15
12-21
20-24
8-31
20-46
18-10
20-47
20-07
20-11
20-24
20-27
17-28
20-37
1-35
19-44
1-2
5-22
19-23
20-06
2-6
3-10
5-02
12-03
20-28
8-04
19-25
12-19
1-35
1-61
1-63
2-23
4-04
9-09
13-13
18-03
19-10
20-46
1-63
1-35
1-43
6-08
11-07
13-06
19-32
11-19
12-02

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Reference

Interpretation

345.5.4 (Contd)
345.7 [337.5.2]
345.8 [337.6]

345.9 [337.5.1]

345.9.1
A302.2.3
A304
A304.1.1
A304.5.1
A304.7.2
A305
A314
A322.6
A323.4.2
Table A326.1
A327.2.4
A328.2(a)
A328.2.1
A328.2.5
A328.5

K300
K300(a)
K303
K304.1.2
K314.2
K315
K322.3
K323.1.2
Table K323.3.1
Table K326.1
K328.2.1(a)
Fig. K328.5.4
K341.4.2
M305.1
M307.2
M314.2.2
M322.3

Reference

Interpretation

M322.3 (Contd)

20-46
1-36
1-25
3-10
17-02
19-06
20-18
4-09
5-07
6-08
8-15
10-15
12-01
12-21
15-02
17-05
17-10
18-15
20-18
20-06
20-43
20-30
8-14
14-17
14-18
1-67
13-08
11-17
8-33
17-29
10-06
11-18
20-30
7-09
10-8
8-14
18-05
17-06
8-14
10-08
13-08
20-09
17-16
20-21
11-21
14-11
17-19
7-07
7-07
19-09
20-41
20-21
17-27
8-37
20-09
12-15
8-35
20-36
2-13

Interpretation

3-6
M323.1.3

3-7

Appendix B

19-13

M326

2-13

M335.3.3

20-36

Appendix D

1-6

M335.4 [M335.5, M335.6] 3-6

1-7

M341.4 [M336.5]

1-24

1-34

1-45

1-46

20-09
M341.4.1 [M336.5.1]

1-55

2-28

1-56

3-7
M345

20-47

1-71

M345.1

6-08

2-7

MA306.5

9-02

2-24

MA323.4

9-02

4-16

19-08
MA323.4.2
Appendix A Notes (no
equivalent) [(14)]
Note (17)
Note (20) [(30)]
Note (57) [(2)]
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table 1]

Table A-1B [Table 1]

(e)
Copyright ASME International
Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Reference

Table A-1B [Table 1] (Contd)


7-03

5-01

8-35
2-20

5-15
6-06

4-18
1-77
1-58

12-08
12-11
12-17

1-13
1-18
1-29
1-38
1-48
1-77
2-1
3-8
3-9
3-13
4-12
4-13
6-01
6-06
7-03
8-11
8-18
8-25
8-34
8-36
11-13
12-09
15-01
19-43
19-46
20-29
20-32
1-78
2-20
4-18

13-05
18-18
Appendix E [Appendix
K]

5-10
19-20
Appendix F [F323.2]

1-29

Appendix F, F323

20-20

Appendix F, FA323.4

20-30

Appendix G

5-12

Appendix H

8-06
11-10

Appendix J

1-28
1-54
1-75
5-04

Appendix M

6-01
8-09
20-23

Appendix V

17-17

Appendix X, X3.1.3

12-23

Appendix X, X3.2.2

13-09

Appendix X, X302.2.3

15-22

Case 137

3-1

Case 141

1-51

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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1-44

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

SUBJECT INDEX

Subject
Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests
weld

Allowable Loads
Allowable Stresses
bases for

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

for ASTM A 312


for ASTM A 351
for ASTM A 387
for ASTM A 464
for ASTM A 570
for ASTM A 587
for ASTM A 671
for austenitic stainless
steels
for unlisted alloy steel
pipe
Alterations of Piping

Interpretation

Interpretation

Subject
Bending (Contd)

1-2
1-1
1-9
1-14
1-41
2-8
5-09
5-13
5-17
5-18
5-20
6-04
7-06
8-32
12-22
13-16
14-02
14-07
14-06
4-12
1-18
3-13
8-11
8-25
10-13
15-01
1-29
11-13
8-25
8-11
1-38
1-13
1-48
3-13
19-09

8-03
15-17
16-08
Bends
corrugated
miter (see Miter Bends)
reduction of outside
diameter
Bonding Qualification Test
hot gas welded
minimum burst pressure
procedure specifications
for plastic piping
requirements
solvent cement
Bonds
heat fusion
hot gas welded
test assembly

flexibility analysis
integrally reinforced fitting
projection into run pipe
reinforcement

13-04

Alternative Tests (see Leak Tests)


weld requirements

Authorized Inspector (see Owners


Inspector)
Bellows

13-09

Bending

4-02

8-20

Buckles

18-05
8-14

4-15
17-20
20-12

Branch Connections
couplings
extruded outlets

13-11
17-26
Brazed Joints
for flammable service

8-14
7-09
8-14
10-08

19-33
1-37
2-27
6-09
9-01
4-05
11-10
8-28
9-03
8-06
8-37
12-05
12-13
14-10
15-05
2-10
4-03
4-14
7-02
7-08
10-04

Cast Irons
specific requirements
Category D Fluid Service
alternative pressure test for
limitations
radiographic examination
Category M Fluid Service
clarification of term

double contained piping


fittings
leak test
liquid oxygen
requirements

tubing size limitations


very small quantity
Code Coverage
B31.3 versus B31.4
fired heaters
general hydrocarbon
service
in-line sensing devices
intent
later editions
new and replacement
piping

offshore platform
oil heating system
radioactive fluids
synfuel plant piping

(f)
Copyright ASME International
Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation

Branch Connections (Contd)


weld requirements (Contd)

1-23

8-14
8-14
7-09

Bolting Materials

Subject

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

1-17
1-23
1-53

10-01

1-36
4-13
5-03
8-38

1-73
9-02
20-23
8-35
20-36
6-08
8-09
8-35
9-02
12-15
2-13
1-40

1-47
7-10
15-09
6-01
8-01
16-12
19-01
5-22
12-21
19-49
8-17
4-19
12-20
1-52

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Interpretation

Code Coverage (Contd)


synfuel plant piping (Contd)
tobacco plant piping

Examination (Contd)
extent of (Contd)

2-26
3-1

Components (see also Fittings, Flanges,


Standard Components, Unlisted, and
Valves)
certification
1-26
3-7
5-10
13-10
defining
17-23
20-11
design conditions
2-3
fabricated or flared flaps
11-03
12-16
in-line sensing devices
8-01
listed
20-25
metric size
19-29
referenced standards
1-44
5-10
Compressors
internal piping

1-8

Corrugated Bends

1-23

Cyclic Loading

5-12
17-04

Design (see also Pressure Design)


additional design
12-13
considerations
calculations
20-26
conditions
2-3
for stainless bellows
12-23
Lame theory
1-57
minimum temperature
10-02
qualification
20-38
20-40
Displacement Strain

20-45

Displacement Stress

2-14
2-24
12-06
18-13

Examination
acceptance criteria
extent of

Fittings
B16.9

11-01
3-14
11-15

in-process
liquid penetrant (see Liquid
Penetrant Examination)
progressive (see Progressive
Examination)
radiographic (see
Radiographic Examination)
random

records
required

severe cyclic conditions


spot
types

conforming to two grades


flared, flareless, or
compression types

1-27
1-45
1-62
2-12
2-32
4-12
11-15
11-11
1-24
1-60
6-04
11-14
11-15
15-13
15-21
18-14
10-17
11-14
1-62
16-13
18-11

ultrasonic (see Ultrasonic


Examination)
visual (see Visual
Examination)
Exclusions
for compressors and
internal piping
for interconnecting piping
listed in scope
Expansion Joints

1-8
1-19
10-5
1-16
12-23
13-09

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of
tees considered as

1-21
1-70
1-55

Extruded Welded Tee

5-01

9-06

Fatigue

18-09

Fillet Weld
internal, slip-on flange
pressure containing
size
use

16-07
1-24
5-18

8-27
8-13
1-74
10-4

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Interpretation
1-7
5-01
19-14
20-21
8-18
3-6

MSS SP-75

12-16
1-11

Flammable Service

1-17

Flanges
assembly
design

general
long welding neck
slip-on
use of aluminum
use of raised and flat face
metallic
Flexibility Analysis
branch connections
exemptions from
qualification
thermal expansion data

(g)
Copyright ASME International
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Subject

Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
diameters
for a tee

for components not listed


in Appendix D

2-5
1-67
3-4
9-7
9-10
4-05
5-12
8-27
1-51
9-07

9-01
1-33
13-05
13-14
15-24

1-56
1-55
1-56
5-01
1-55
2-24

Flexibility Factors
basis for
for B16.9 tee

for fabricated intersections

Earthquake (see Seismic)


Empty System
transportation

Interpretation

Subject

for pressure piping


components
for welded elbows
Fluid Service
definition

1-56
1-7
12-08
12-17
1-6
4-16
5-15
13-05
1-6

19-34

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Subject

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Interpretation

Subject
Fluid Service (Contd)
definition (Contd)
general hydrocarbon
requirements, metallic

requirements, nonmetallic
responsibility for
categorizing

20-23
6-01
11-16
12-15
12-16
15-03
11-17
11-18
4-08

Interpretation

Subject

Heat Treatment (Contd)


when radiography is required (Contd)
2-4

Impact Tests
absorbed energy data
alternative methods
base metal

1-58

2-2
8-22
15-20

Heat Fusion Joints

13-08

heat treatment required


in qualifying procedures
of aluminum filler metals
of austenitic stainless steel
of bolting materials
of duplex stainless steel
of the heat-affected zone
of weldments

Heat Treatment
cooling rate
for austenitic stainless steel
for bending and forming
for flared laps
for valve parts
governing thickness

heating rate
local
monitoring
postweld
requirements

SP-1 through SP-5


when radiography is
required

1-69
1-65
2-2
19-04
11-03
8-12
1-39
1-59
4-06
5-06
11-06
1-69
5-08
8-05
5-08
8-05
20-39
20-44
8-08
8-21
8-23
8-24
9-03
9-05
12-14
14-01
14-16
15-18
18-04
8-24
1-64

Instrument Piping (Contd)


8-01
Internal Piping, Equipment

exclusions from

Hardness
limitations on
records
testing

requirements

temperature limitation

2-9
8-30
4-01
11-12
18-12
20-10
1-76
5-14
8-30
5-19
8-29
2-19
1-65
4-15
20-13
1-76
5-21
1-12
1-65
1-76
5-21
19-21
15-23
17-09
20-31
5-14
8-30
14-12
19-07
19-43

Imperfections (see also Acceptance


Criteria)
concave root surface
1-1
6-04
determination of
8-32
lack of fusion
5-09
porosity
1-9
5-13
5-16
5-20
slag inclusion
5-20
tungsten inclusions
1-9
5-17
undercutting
1-14
2-8
6-04
Installed Piping

1-30

Instrument Piping

7-07

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234, ASTM A
312, ASTM A 403
for branch connections
for circumferential welds
for longitudinal and spiral
welds

1-8

2-20
8-06
1-42
1-78
3-11
8-06
17-14
20-34

Joints
alignment
circumferential bends
exposed during test
instrument tubing
special
tapered pipe thread
threaded

Lateral Fittings
Leak Tests
acceptance criteria

alternative

as nondestructive
examination
external design pressure
for Category D fluid
service
for Category M fluid
service
for system designed for 0
psi
isolation of test pump
leakage
minimum hydrostatic test
pressure

(h)
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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Interpretation

Hydrostatic Tests (see Leak Tests)

8-09
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset

Subject

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

15-07
17-25
5-11
2-6
3-10
7-07
8-13
16-15
11-16
17-19
20-48
1-6

1-2
15-22
16-03
4-09
5-07
6-08
8-15
12-01
12-21
17-05
17-10
18-15
20-18
8-31
19-44
1-36
20-47
2-31
1-2
1-4
2-23

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Leak Tests (Contd)


minimum hydrostatic
(Contd)
minor repairs and
additions
of discharge piping
of joints
of newly constructed
systems

of piping and vessel


of piping connecting
equipment
of replacement piping
painting before test

personnel qualification
pneumatic test

preparation for

reduced pressure
(hydrostatic test)

requirements
sensitive

temperature correction for


test fluid
test pressure
time
welds

Lethal Substance

test

Subject

4-04
1-2

Limitations
on hardness
on imperfections (see
Imperfections)
on tubing size

1-72
20-28
1-4

Liquid Penetrant Examination


requirements

pressure

5-02
5-22
8-15
20-24
1-63
3-3
5-22
12-21
2-6
3-10
5-23
8-31
11-07
11-19
12-02
13-06
19-23
19-30
19-32
20-17
2-6
3-10
5-02
5-23
12-03
1-61
2-23
13-13
20-17
8-15
13-13
1-25
17-02
19-06
19-23
1-35
1-43
12-19
12-04
19-10
20-46
20-06
20-35
1-73

Interpretation

Subject

2-2

Materials (Contd)
unlisted material (Contd)

Low Temperature Requirements (see


Impact Tests)
Materials
API 5L

API 5LX
ASTM A 234
ASTM A 312

ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM

A
A
A
A

350
351
387
403

ASTM A 487
ASTM A 537
ASTM A 570
ASTM A 587
ASTM A 633
ASTM A 658
ASTM A 671
ASTM B 241
ASTM B 337
ASTM B 464
austenitic stainless steels
bases for design stresses
carbon steel
certification

conforming to two grades


listed

notch sensitive
notes
reidentification
toughness requirements
traceability
unlisted material

1-78
2-4
3-9
3-11
6-01
6-06
2-4
11-05
2-20
1-29
1-77
2-20
19-07
11-13
8-25
1-77
2-20
8-07
2-1
1-38
1-13
1-11
3-8
1-48
2-19
4-18
8-11
3-13
11-05
19-39
5-10
8-02
13-10
8-18
8-34
17-09R
(Vol.
18)
17-11
2-22
20-29
8-19
5-19
19-28
11-05

(i)
Copyright ASME International
Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

11-20
15-04
17-01
17-08
19-27

2-13
3-6

11-14

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Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

Interpretation

Mechanical Interlock
Miter Bends
pressure design of

Near Straight Sawtooth Runs


explanation of
Nomenclature
d
T
TW
tn
Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements
in Category M Fluid
Service
joint requirements
materials
pressure design

Notch Sensitive
materials
Occasional Variations
(Pressure/Temperature
Allowances)

loads

Owner
responsibilities

Owners Inspector
qualifications of

19-45

1-22
5-11

1-33

1-54
1-28
5-04
5-16
1-75

11-17
11-18
8-35
7-09
8-14
19-08
20-30
14-17
14-18

2-22
1-3

2-14
4-11
1-50
2-15
2-16
2-17
19-18
20-49
20-50

1-26
2-30
5-22
19-11

1-31

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Interpretation

Subject

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Interpretation

Owners Inspector (Contd)


qualifications of (Contd)
responsibilities of
Pipe
alterations of existing pipe
curved and mitered
segments
elbowless
in corroded condition
instrument
made from plate
of noncircular cross section
pressure design
pressure testing
spiral welded
straight, under internal
pressure

types

Pipe Supports
configurations
longitudinal stress effects
materials
use of plastic
Plastic
lined pipe use of
screwed flanges
pipe supports

Interpretation

Subject
Pressure Design (Contd)
of flanges and blanks (Contd)

20-33
1-26

13-04
20-04
15-14
18-06
8-03
2-15
17-24
1-48
8-36
3-2
13-07
14-09
9-09
7-03
10-20
11-21
14-11
20-08
20-27

6-07
7-05
19-36
1-49

8-33
1-49

of miter bends
of nonmetallic piping
components
of pipe

of listed components
of unlisted components

of valves

Pressure Rating
components
valve
variations

19-02
8-04
4-11
20-22

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices

and test pressure

1-66

Postweld Heat Treatment (see Heat


Treatment)

pressure reducing station


requirements
setting

Preheat (see Heat Treatment)


Pressure Design
allowance

for elevated temperatures


in the high pressure range
of extruded headers
of flanges and blanks

stop valves

17-12
20-03
20-51
3-4
1-68
17-16
1-21
1-70
10-14

14-18
1-42
1-54
1-57
1-68
1-70
2-11
11-21
13-07
15-06
15-10
17-06
16-14
16-18
13-02
13-03
13-05
8-04
13-15

Pressure Surges
loads due to

2-21
2-29
19-41
11-07
11-19
12-04
14-09
18-03
19-31
17-29
1-32
7-01
12-04
10-10
12-18

1-5
1-62
3-5
10-09
10-10
10-12
11-02
11-04
13-12
16-01
16-02
16-05
18-01

Published Specification

1-15

Radiographic Examination
100%
as supplementary
examination
digital radiography
normal fluid service
random radiography

records
requirements

selection of welds for


examination
spot radiography
survey plugs
when PWHT is required

Records
certification

for radiographic
examination
of examinations
of hardness tests
retention of

5-09
20-17
8-38
20-42
20-20
1-27
1-45
1-62
2-12
2-32
3-12
1-10
6-04
11-01
11-05
12-03
2-25
1-62
3-12
19-48
1-64
2-4

5-10
8-02
10-03
1-10
11-11
8-22
1-10

1-50

Pressure-Temperature
Rating

Pressure Test (see Leak Test)

5-05

Reinforcement, Branch
attachment weld

8-34

clarification of terms
limits of

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Interpretation

Progressive Examination

13-15
19-12
1-21
14-17

Pneumatic Tests (see Leak Tests)


Positions
qualification of welding

Subject

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4-03
7-08
1-37
11-10
2-27

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Subject

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Subject

Interpretation

Reinforcement, Branch (Contd)


limits of (Contd)
9-04
Repairs
to welds
Responsibility
designer
rights of owners
inspection

2-18

10-11
10-03
17-15

Safeguarding

5-12

Scope (see Code Coverage)


Seismic Loads
stresses due to
Severe Cyclic Conditions
cyclic loading
large rapid temperature
change
spiral welded pipe
Simplified Flexibility
Analysis
Standard Components
manufacturers markings
valves

Standards
compliance
superseded

4-07
2-17

Interpretation

Subject

Stresses (see also Allowable Stresses)


(Contd)
longitudinal (Contd)
1-50
2-15
2-24
4-10
4-12
6-03R
(Vol.
7)
6-07
7-05
8-16
17-18
18-16
reduction factors
16-10
Stress Intensification Factors
application of

5-12
8-09
7-03
1-33

3-7
8-02
5-05
8-04
8-07

5-10
1-44

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Stresses (see also Allowable Stresses)


allowable
19-37
19-38
19-46
20-32
displacement stress range
7-04
12-06
20-02
due to cold spring
8-16
due to occasional loads
2-16
due to pressure surges
1-50
due to seismic loads
2-17
due to sustained loads
15-15
16-04
16-11
20-02
due to thermal gradients
3-4
hydrostatic design
19-13
longitudinal
1-20

basis for
branch connections
for B16.9 tees
for fabricated intersections
for tees

for unlisted components


for welded elbows

Temperatures
allowance

1-34
2-24
6-03R
(Vol.
7)
1-56
2-7
1-7
1-6
5-15
1-46
1-55
1-71
5-01
12-08
12-17
13-05
1-6
12-11

bending
design minimum
temperature

14-08
14-12
15-11
15-16
17-07
19-35
8-09
4-13
5-14
15-12
15-25

large changes
limitations

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Interpretation

Temperatures (Contd)
limitations (Contd)
maximum metal
temperature
reduction
variation in elevated
temperature service
verification
Thermoplastic Piping
neat fusion joints
solvent cemented joints
specific requirements
Thickness Allowances
governing

in stress calculations
welding tee
Thickness Requirements

Tubing
category M fluid service
joints
limitations

Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography

requirements
Unlisted
components

17-12
20-03
16-08
10-02

(k)
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Subject

materials (see Materials)

19-47
19-40
4-11
20-15
17-17
16-09

13-08
10-8
10-06

17-13
17-21
18-02
1-20
18-18
20-17
20-41

16-17
7-07
2-13
3-6

11-05
20-09
20-42
10-17

1-6
1-51
3-6
4-05
5-05
8-7
10-18
10-07
10-11
12-09
13-02
13-03
13-05
19-03
19-19
20-25
20-37

ASME B31.3 CUMULATIVE INDEX INTERPRETATIONS VOLS. 120

Subject
Valves
Category M Fluid Service
Flanged Ball Valves
materials
pressure buildup
ratings
Visual Examination
internal

requirements

Washers, Use of
Weld
acceptable criteria

bevels
configuration
definition
examination of welds

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Interpretation
8-35
16-16
8-07
15-26
8-04
5-05

8-10
8-26
13-16
2-28
10-03
13-16
18-17
2-5

17-03
17-22
18-07
12-10
19-16
14-03
19-05
10-15
11-01
11-14
13-16
14-14
14-15
15-02

Interpretation

Subject
Weld (Contd)
examination of welds (Contd)

final
for branch connections

imperfections (see
Acceptable Criteria)
longitudinal

of valves
preparation for welding
qualification of position
reinforcement
repair
socket

Interpretation

Weld (Contd)
socket (Contd)

19-17
19-42
20-06
20-43
1-74
10-19
16-06
20-01
19-15
2-10
4-03
4-14
8-37
11-10
19-25

fillet size

Subject

2-20
3-11
4-18
12-12
13-01
14-04
1-66
7-08
11-08
2-18
6-02
6-05
10-19
15-08
16-06

spacing of
types

Welder Qualification
by others

requirements
Welding Procedure
qualification of

responsibility
specification

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19-20
7-02
20-05
20-07

15-19
18-08
19-26
17-27

1-12
1-65
1-66
1-76
4-17
8-23
8-29
11-09
14-05
14-13
19-22
12-07
12-12
8-21
8-22
20-14
20-19
20-31

ASME B31.3 CASES

B31 CASE 178


Providing an Equation for Longitudinal Stress for Sustained Loads in ASME B31.3 Construction
Approval Date: May 6, 2005
This Case shall expire on May 1, 2008, unless previously annulled or reaffirmed.

Inquiry: ASME B31.3 provides a description for


determining SL for sustained loads. Is there an equation
that may be used?

or groove depth), corrosion, and erosion allowances


Sb p resultant, intensified bending stress 3 due to
pressure, weight, and other sustained loadings

Reply: It is the opinion of the committee that, in the


absence of more applicable data and in accordance with
para. 302.3.5(c), the following equation may be used to
calculate SL for sustained loads:

(IiMi)2 + (IoMo)2
Z

Ii p in-plane sustained stress index.4 In the absence


of more applicable data, Ii is taken as the greater
of 0.75ii or 1.00.
Io p out-plane sustained stress index. 4 In the
absence of more applicable data, Io is taken as
the greater of 0.75io or 1.00.
St p torsional stress3 due to pressure, weight, and
other sustained loadings1
p Mt/2Z

SL p (|Sa | + Sb)2 + (2St)2

where the definitions in para. 319.4.4 apply and


Sa p stress due to axial loads1
p Fa/Ap
Fa p longitudinal force due to pressure,2 weight, and
other sustained loadings
Ap p cross-sectional area considering nominal pipe
thickness less the sum of the mechanical (thread

3
Z shall be based on the nominal section, less the sum of the
mechanical (thread or groove depth), corrosion, and erosion allowances.
4
It is the responsibility of the designer to determine Ii and Io; in
cases where these indices are based on stress intensification factors,
it is the responsibility of the designer to determine ii and io for all
components not explicitly addressed in Appendix D (e.g., elbows/
bends/miters other than 90 deg, base-ells, reducing elbows,
crosses, etc.).

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In the absence of more applicable data, Sa and St need not be


intensified.
2
Fa includes the longitudinal force due to pressure P Ai for
piping systems that contain no expansion joints, where Ai p
2
d /4 and d is the pipe inside diameter considering pipe wall thickness less allowances. For piping systems with expansion joints, it
is the responsibility of the designer to determine the longitudinal
force due to the pressure in the piping system.

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ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 19
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1, 2001 through October 31, 2003
General Information
It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3
as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition stated in the interpretation, or if
none is stated, to the Edition in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent
revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These interpretations are not part of the
Code.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of
the interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised
reply bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further,
persons aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve,
certify, rate, or endorse any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix Z.

Numerical and Subject Indexes


Numerical and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1
up to and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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B31.3

Interpretation

Para. 300, General Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Paras. 300(c)(3) and 304.7.2, Radiographic Survey Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300(c)(5), Gas Pressure Reducing Station . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 300.2, Definition of Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302, Unlisted Component . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.2.2, Pressure Ratings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.2.3, Unlisted Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3.2(a)(3), Bases for Design Stresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3.2(d), Bases for Design Stresses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3.6, Limits of Calculated Stress Due to Occasional Loads . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.3.1(a)(2), Branch Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.5, Pressure Design of Flanges and Blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.7.2, Metric Size Piping Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 318.2.2, Mechanical Interlock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 319.3.1(a), Thermal Expansion Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 321.1.4(e), Piping Support Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 322.6.3, Reference to BPV Section VIII, Division 1, Para. UG-128 . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.1, Materials and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.1.2, Unlisted Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 323.2.2, Requirements for Low Temperature Toughness Tests for
Metals and Para. 323.3, Impact Testing Methods and Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 323.2.2, Requirements for Low Temperature Tests for Metals . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.2.2(d), Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 326.1, Partial Compliance ASME B16.9 Fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fig. 328, Weld End Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 328.2.1, Welding Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 328.2.2(i), Welding Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 328.5.2, Fillet and Socket Welds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 331.1.1, Heat Treatment Requirements and 341.3.1, General . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 331.1.3, Governing Thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 332.1, General and 332.4, Required Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 341 and 345, Repair or Replacement of Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 341.4.1(b)(1), Production Welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 341.4.1(b)(1), Extent of Required Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 344.2.1, Definition and 344.7, In-Process Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345, Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paras. 345, Testing and 345.2.6, Repairs or Additions After Leak Testing . . . . . . .
Para. 345.2.5, Leak Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.4, Hydrostatic Leak Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.4.2, Test Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.5, Pneumatic Leak Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 345.8, Sensitive Leak Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. MA323.4, Nonmetallic Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. K323.1.2, Allowable Stress Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-1, Allowable Stress Values for Carbon Steel Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table A-1, Figure 323.2.2A, Impact Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix B, Stress Tables and Allowable Pressure Tables for Nonmetals . . . . . . .
Appendix E, Later Editions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19-11
19-48
19-31
19-34
19-03
19-02
19-19
19-37
19-38
19-18
19-33
19-12
19-29
19-45
19-40
19-36
19-41
19-28
19-27
19-07
19-47

B31-02-02436
B31-03-01455
B31-03-00062
B31-03-00437
B31-01-037
B31-01-036
B31-02-03075
B31-03-00694
B31-03-00734
B31-02-03074
B31-03-00429
B31-02-02440
B31-02-04110
B31-03-01345
B31-03-00829
B31-03-00482
B31-03-00827
B31-02-04056
B31-02-03884
B31-01-048
B31-03-01347

19-21
19-35
19-39
19-14
19-16
19-22
19-26
19-20
19-15
19-24
19-04
19-49
19-05
19-42
19-17
19-30
19-23
19-44
19-25
19-10
19-32
19-06
19-08
19-09
19-46
19-43
19-13
19-01

B31-02-03629
B31-03-00479
B31-03-00821
B31-02-03069
B31-02-03071
B31-02-03631
B31-02-03819
B31-02-03076
B31-02-03070
B31-02-03634
B31-01-038
B31-03-01441
B31-01-039
B31-03-00828
B31-02-03073
B31-02-04197
B31-02-03632
B31-03-01343
B31-02-03683
B31-02-02434
B31-03-00264
B31-01-047
B31-01-053
B31-01-006
B31-03-01346
B31-03-00906
B31-02-02441
B31-01-035

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Subject

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File No.

19-01, 19-02, 19-03

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-01
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2000 Addenda), Appendix E, Later Editions
Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-035
Question: May later editions/addenda of a section of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel
Code than that listed in Appendix E be used for construction in accordance with B31.3?
Reply: No, unless specified in the engineering design. See para. 300(c).

Interpretation: 19-02
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2000 Addenda), Para. 302.2.2, Pressure Ratings
Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-036
Question: May components manufactured in accordance with standards listed in Table 326.1,
which state pressure-temperature ratings are based on straight seamless pipe, have their pressure
ratings established in accordance with para. 302.2.2?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 19-03
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2000 Addenda), Para. 302, Unlisted Component
Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-037
Question: May an unlisted component, such as a clamp connector designed by the rules of the
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Division 1, Appendix 24, be in a B31.3
piping system?

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Reply: Yes, provided that it meets all of the applicable requirements of the B31.3 Code, including
para. 302.2.3.

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ASME B31.3-2004

19-04, 19-05

Interpretation: 19-04
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2000 Addenda), Para. 332.1, General and Para. 332.4, Required Heat
Treatment
Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-038
Question (1): May pipe be bent using both hot and cold methods simultaneously on the same
bend, such as might occur during the induction bending process?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): For P-Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 10a materials in which pipe is bent using both hot and
cold methods simultaneously on the same bend (such as might occur during the induction bending
process), is heat treatment required after bending in accordance with para. 332.4.1?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): For P-Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 10a materials in which pipe is bent using both hot and
cold methods simultaneously on the same bend (such as might occur during the induction bending
process), is heat treatment required after bending in accordance with para. 332.4.2 if none of the
conditions in para. 332.4.2(a), (b), or (c) exist?
Reply (3): No; however, heat treatment would be required in accordance with para. 332.4.1.
Question (4): For materials other than P-Nos. 3, 4, 5, 6, and 10a materials in which pipe is bent
using both hot and methods simultaneously on the same bend (such as might occur during the
induction bending process), is heat treatment after bending in accordance with para. 332.4.2
required if none of the conditions in paras. 332.4.2(a), (b), or (c) exist?
Reply (4): No, unless otherwise specified in the engineering design.

Subject: B31.3-1999 (2000 Addenda), Para. 341.4.1(b)(1), Production Welds


Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-039
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, 2000 Addenda, para. 341.4.1(b)(1), do
production welds include both shop and field welding?
Reply: Yes.

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Interpretation: 19-05

19-06, 19-07, 19-08

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-06
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2000 Addenda), Para. 345.8, Sensitive Leak Test
Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-047
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Addenda (a), does the Gas and
Bubble Test method specified in para. 345.8 refer to the Bubble Test Direct Pressure Technique
specified in Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, Article 10?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Addenda (a), must the Bubble
Test Direct Pressure Technique specified in Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section V, Article
10 demonstrate a sensitivity of at least 10-3 atm-ml/sec to meet the requirements of a sensitive
leak test in para. 345.8?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 19-07
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials
Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-048
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, may ASTM A 350 LF2 material be
used at temperatures below 50F with no further impact testing?
Reply: Yes, provided that the requirements of para. 323.2.2(d) and Fig. 323.2.2B are met. See
also para. F301.

Interpretation: 19-08
Subject: B31.3-1999, 2000 Addenda, Para. MA323.4, Nonmetallic Materials
Date Issued: January 4, 2002
File: B31-01-053
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 (2000 Addenda), does para. MA323.4 prohibit
reinforced thermosetting resin (RTR) or borosilicate glass piping?
Reply: No.

I-5
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ASME B31.3-2004

19-09, 19-10

Interpretation: 19-09
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2000 Addenda), Para. K323.1.2, Allowable Stress Values
Date Issued: March 6, 2002
File: B31-01-006
Question: Is it the intent of ASME B31.3a-2000, para. K323.1.2 to require that the allowable
stress value at design temperature for an unlisted alloy steel pipe material for a High Pressure
Fluid Service application not exceed the lower of two-thirds of the specified minimum yield
strength at room temperature, and two-thirds of the yield strength at temperature, in accordance
with para. K302.3.2(d)?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 19-10
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Para. 345.4.2, Test Pressures
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-02434
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), must the minimum
hydrostatic test pressure for flanges and flanged valves be calculated in accordance with equation (24)?
Reply (1): Yes, except when para. 345.4.2(c) applies.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), may the designer,
owner, or end user waive the requirements of para. 345.4.2?
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Reply (2): No.

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19-11, 19-12

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-11
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition and 2001 Addenda, Para. 300, General Statements
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-02436
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), is it the responsibility of the owner to establish the design requirements necessary for determining the piping design
loads?
Reply (1): Yes. See para. 300(b).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), is it the responsibility of the designer to determine the piping design based upon design requirements established
by the owner?
Reply (2): Yes. See para. 300(b).
Question (3): Does the Code define the excessive and harmful effects of vibration referenced
in para. 301.5.4?
Reply (3): No.
Question (4): Does para. 301.5.4 require complete elimination of vibration?
Reply (4): No.
Question (5): Does B31.3 permit the designer to determine acceptance criteria for loads and
conditions where no such criteria are provided by the Code?
Reply (5): Yes, with acceptance by the owner; see para. 300(c)(3). Also see para. 300(c)(5).
Question (6): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), para. K323.2.4(a),
when a designer uses an unlisted material, or when a listed material is to be used above the
highest temperature for which stress values appear in Appendix K, shall the designer demonstrate
the validity of the allowable stresses and other design limits to the owner?
Reply (6): Yes. See para. 300(b)(2).

Interpretation: 19-12
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Para. 304.5, Pressure Design of Flanges and Blanks
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-02440
Question (1): May an ASME B16.5 blind flange be bored and used as a lapped flange in B31.3
piping systems without meeting the requirements of para. 304.5.1?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): May a lapped flange be fabricated from plate for use in B31.3 piping systems?
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Reply (2): Yes, provided the design meets the requirements of para. 304.5.1.

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ASME B31.3-2004

19-13, 19-14, 19-15

Interpretation: 19-13
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Appendix B, Stress Tables and Allowable Pressure
Tables for Nonmetals
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-02441
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), may hydrostatic
design stresses (HDS) be extrapolated for temperatures outside the range listed in Appendix B?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), may hydrostatic design
stresses (HDS) exceeding those listed in Appendix B be used for pressure design calculations?
Reply (2): Yes, if developed in accordance with paras. A302.3.2 and A323.2.1.
Question (3): In accordance with B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), may plastic materials not
listed in Appendix B be used in pressure-containing piping components?
Reply (3): Yes. See para. A323.

Intepretation: 19-14
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition, Table 326.1, Partial Compliance ASME B16.9 Fittings
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-03069
Question: According to ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, may a partial compliance fitting as defined
in ASME B16.9-1993 Edition be considered a listed component?
Reply: Yes, see para. 326.

Interpretation: 19-15
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Para. 331.1.1, Heat Treatment Requirements and
Para. 341.3.1, General

File: B31-02-03070
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), para. 331.1.1(c) is
the term final welds defined?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), para. 341.3.1, is
NDE examination of piping constructed of P1 or P2 materials required to be performed after
final heat treatment?
Reply (2): No.

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Date Issued: July 1, 2002

19-16, 19-17, 19-18, 19-19

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-16
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Fig. 328, Weld End Configurations
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-03071
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), is it required that the
weld end configurations be identical on both sides of the weld?
Reply: No, except that a combination of the configuration types must meet the requirements
of the WPS. See para. 328.4.2(a)(2).
Interpretation: 19-17

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Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Para. 344.2.1, Definition and Para. 344.7, In-Process
Examination
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-03073
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), does the Code
require the examiner to be present 100% of the time during all welding operations?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), does the Code
require the examiner to be present 100% of the time for in-process examination described in para.
344.7?
Reply (2): No, but the examiner must be present to examine points (a) through (g), as applicable,
for the entire weld.
Interpretation: 19-18
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Para. 302.3.6, Limits of Calculated Stress Due to
Occasional Loads
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-03074
Question: Does para. 302.3.6(a) include occasional internal pressure loads (e.g., surges, spikes,
peaks, and water hammer) in the summation of longitudinal stresses due to sustained and
occasional loads?
Reply: Yes. In addition, all pressure variations must meet the requirements of para. 302.2.4.
Interpretation: 19-19
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Para. 302.2.3, Unlisted Components
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-03075
Question: When qualifying an unlisted component for use in a B31.3 piping system by calculation under para. 302.2.3, shall the calculations be based on the B31.3 allowable stresses?
Reply: Yes.
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ASME B31.3-2004

19-20, 19-21, 19-22

Interpretation: 19-20
Subject: B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), Para. 328.5.2, Fillet and Socket Welds
Date Issued: July 1, 2002
File: B31-02-03076
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), paras. 328.5.2(a)
and 328.5.2(b), may a slip-on flange be welded on the face side and intermittent welded on the
hub side?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition (2001 Addenda), does the Code
permit slip-on flanges to be welded on the face side, with the back side (hub side) stitch welded
(intermittent welded) when qualified in accordance with para. 300(c)(3)?
Reply (2): Yes.

Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Table 323.2.2, Requirements for Low Temperature Toughness Tests for
Metals and Para. 323.3, Impact Testing Methods and Criteria
Date Issued: October 10, 2002
File: B31-02-03629
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if a welding procedure has been qualified
by impact testing for service at a temperature of 49C in accordance with para. 323.3, but the
base material and weld material were impact tested at a warmer temperature in accordance with
their respective material specifications, may the weld procedure be used for service at temperatures
as low as 49C?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Is it a requirement of ASME B31.3-2002 that the same brand and batch number
of material, as used in weld procedure qualification impact testing, be used for production welds?
Reply (2): No. See Note (2) of Table 323.2.2.

Interpretation: 19-22
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 328.2.1, Welding Qualification
Date Issued: October 10, 2002
File: B31-02-03631
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, does an original WPS need to be revised to
include any changed nonessential variable?
Reply: Yes. See para. 328.2.1 and BPV Code Section IX.

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Interpretation: 19-21

19-23, 19-24, 19-25

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-23
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 345, Testing and Para. 345.2.6, Repairs or Additions After Leak
Testing
Date Issued: October 10, 2002
File: B31-02-03632
Question (1): Is it the intent of ASME B31.3-2002, para. 345 that structural attachment welds
to piping be examined for leaks during hydrostatic test, pneumatic test, combination hydrostaticpneumatic test, or sensitive leak test?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Is it the intent of ASME B31.3-2002, para. 345.2.6 that structural attachments to
piping, following leak testing, be considered an addition that may not require retesting as long
as precautionary measures are taken to assure sound construction and the owner agrees?
Reply (2): Yes, provided the additions are minor.

Interpretation: 19-24
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 331.1.3, Governing Thickness
Date Issued: October 10, 2002
File: B31-02-03634
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, para. 331.1.3, is postweld heat treatment
required for branch connection welds when the thickness of the components at the joint is greater
than the nominal thickness listed in Table 331.1.1, but the thickness through the weld in any
plane is less than two times the nominal wall thickness listed?
Reply: No. See para. 331.1.3(a).

Interpretation: 19-25
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 345.4, Hydrostatic Leak Test
Date Issued: October 10, 2002
File: B31-02-03683
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, is it permitted to hydrotest at a lower pressure
than required by para. 345.4 because B31.3 piping is connected to piping constructed to another
ASME B31 Code which allows a lower hydrotest pressure?
Reply: No.

I-11
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ASME B31.3-2004

19-26, 19-27, 19-28, 19-29

Interpretation: 19-26
Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 328.2.2(i), Welding Qualification

File: B31-02-03819
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 (2001 Addenda), para. 328.2.2(i), when using
welding procedures qualified by others, must all welders qualified to a specific WPS be qualified
by bend testing under BPV Section IX, para. QW-302?
Reply: No. Only one welder must be qualified to the specific WPS by the requirements of BPV
Section IX, para. QW-302. All others may be qualified in accordance with ASME B31.3, para. 328.2.

Interpretation: 19-27
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 323.1.2, Unlisted Materials
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-02-03884
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 permit a material not listed in Appendix A to be used in
the design of a pressure containing system?
Reply: Yes. See para. 323.1.2.

Intepretation: 19-28
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 323.1, Materials and Specifications
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-02-04056
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 require maintenance of traceability to a heat number marking
of a component that is removed or rendered unreadable during the fabrication process?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 19-29
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 304.7.2, Metric Size Piping Components
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-02-04110
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if unlisted components are qualified for use
in B31.3 piping systems in accordance with para. 304.7.2 in IPS sizes, are they also qualified in
metric sizes?
Reply: It is the responsibility of the manufacturer to determine that the fittings are qualified,
considering para. 304.7.2(e).

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Date Issued: October 10, 2002

19-30, 19-31, 19-32

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-30
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 345, Testing
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-02-04197
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if an owner considers a hydrostatic leak
test impractical for reasons listed in para. 345.1(b) for non-jacketed pipe subject to external
pressure, and substitutes a pneumatic leak test, do the provisions of para. 345.2.4 take precedence
over the test pressure prescribed in para. 345.5.4?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if an owner considers a hydrostatic leak
test impractical, for reasons listed in para. 345.1(b) for jacketed pipe subject to external pressure,
and substitutes a pneumatic test, do the provisions of para. 345.2.4 take precedence over the test
pressure prescribed in para. 345.5.4?
Reply (2): Yes and see the provisions of para. 345.2.5.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, are the requirements of para. 345.2.4 to be
applied to hydrostatic leak testing exclusively?
Reply (3): No. See para. 345.2.
Question (4): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if a pipe is to be subjected to a hydrostatic
leak test in accordance with para. 345.2.4, must the ST/S ratio of equation (24) be considered?

Interpretation: 19-31
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 300(c)(5), Gas Pressure Reducing Station
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00062
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, is it required to apply ASME B31.1, para.
122.8.1 for a Gas Pressure Reducing Station that is specified to be designed to B31.3?
Reply: No; however, see para. 300(c)(5).

Interpretation: 19-32
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 345.5, Pneumatic Leak Test
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00264
Question: Does ASME B31-3-2002 provide procedures for pneumatic testing other than those
shown in para. 345.5?
Reply: No.

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Reply (4): No.

ASME B31.3-2004

19-33, 19-34, 19-35

Interpretation: 19-33
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 304.3.1(a)(2), Branch Connections
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00429
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, are couplings (socket welded or threaded)
permitted for use as branch connections?
Reply (1): Yes. See para. 304.3.1(a)(2).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, may couplings used as branch connections
be attached using fillet welds?
Reply (2): No. See para. 328.5.4(d).

Interpretation: 19-34
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 300.2, Definition of Fluid Service
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00437
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, is it permissible to categorize piping
conveying a flammable fluid service as Category D fluid service?
Reply (1): No. See para. 300.2, definition of fluid service, subparagraph (a).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, do circumferential butt welds made by
automatic orbital welding method or any other welding method require NDE in piping containing
flammable fluid?
Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: 19-35
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Table 323.2.2, Requirements for Low Temperature Tests for Metals
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00479
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 permit fabrication of a piping system with a design minimum
temperature of 50F with filler material in accordance with a specification with a recommended
minimum of 20F?
Reply: Yes, provided the requirements of Table 323.2.2 are satisfied.

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19-36, 19-37, 19-38

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-36
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 321.1.4(e), Piping Support Materials
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00482
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, para. 321.1.4(e), is it required that attachment
material welded to the pipe have the same properties and composition as the pipe material?
Reply: No. See para. 321.3.2 for additional requirements for welded attachments and para.
328.5 for welding requirements.

Interpretation: 19-37
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 302.3.2(a)(3), Bases for Design Stresses
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Date Issued: May 29, 2003


File: B31-03-00694
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002, para. 302.3.2(a)(3) require, for bolting material whose strength
has been enhanced by heat treatment or strain hardening, for temperatures below the creep range,
the values of allowable stress for the material in the annealed condition [determined in accordance
with paras. 302.3.2(a)(1) and (2)] be used if it is greater than the value for the strain hardened
or heat treated bolt determined in accordance with para. 302.3.2(c)(3)?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 19-38
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 302.3.2(d), Bases for Design Stresses
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00734
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, for a listed carbon steel material, may the
measured tensile strength and measured yield strength as shown in the Material Test Report be
used to establish the basic allowable stress values at room temperature per para. 302.3.2, instead
of using the basic allowable stress values in Appendix A?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if a material conforms to a listed material
and also to a published unlisted material (i.e., dual certified) which has higher specified minimum
strengths, may the allowable stresses be determined using para. 323.1.2?
Reply (2): Yes.

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ASME B31.3-2004

19-39, 19-40, 19-41

Interpretation: 19-39
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 323.2.2(d), Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00821
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, para. 323.2.2(d), may Fig. 323.2.2B be
applied to carbon steel materials which have a numerical value listed in the Minimum Temperature
column of Table A-1?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, do the additional requirements in paras.
323.2.2(d)(1)(a) and 323.2.2(d)(1)(b) apply to carbon steel materials covered by para. 323.2.2(a)?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 19-40
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 319.3.1(a), Thermal Expansion Data
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00829
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, does the phrase maximum metal temperature...for the thermal cycle under analysis in para. 319.3.1(a) require the use of the design
temperature (defined in accordance with para. 301.3) in determining total displacement strains
for computing the stress range SE?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 19-41
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 322.6.3, Reference to BPV Section VIII, Division 1, Para. UG-128
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00827
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if the appropriate engineering calculations are
performed in accordance with para. 300(c)(3) to ensure that a smaller relief device has the capacity
to relieve the pressure generated, can a relief device smaller than NPS 12 be used in accordance
with para. 322.6.3, considering the reference to the BPV Code Section VIII, Division 1, UG-128?
Reply: Yes, provided the component meets all other requirements of B31.3.
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19-42, 19-43

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-42
Subject: ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, Para. 341.4.1(b)(1), Extent of Required Examination
Date Issued: May 29, 2003
File: B31-03-00828
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, for a girth or miter groove weld
that is visually examined by radiography internally and externally, and then examined, is it
required that both the criteria (depth and length) for incomplete penetration in Table 341.3.2 be
evaluated for acceptance of the weld?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, for a girth or miter groove weld
that does not have access to examine the weld internally and is visually acceptable externally,
and is examined by radiography, is it required that both the criteria (depth and length) for
incomplete penetration in Table 341.3.2 be evaluated for acceptance of the weld?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, for a girth or miter groove weld
that does not have access to examine the weld internally and is visually acceptable externally,
and is examined by radiography, is it acceptable to apply only the criteria for length for incomplete
penetration in accordance with Table 341.3.2, for acceptance of the weld?
Reply (3): No, all listed types of weld imperfection must be evaluated.
Question (4): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, for girth or miter groove weld that
does not have access to examine the weld internally and is visually acceptable externally, and is
examined by radiography, is it acceptable to determine the depth of incomplete penetration in
accordance with Table 341.3.2, by density comparison of incomplete penetration to the density
of the wall thickness on the radiograph?
Reply (4): The Code does not address the methods for determining the extent of incomplete
penetration.
Question (5): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, for a girth or miter groove weld
that does not have access to examine the weld internally and is visually acceptable externally,
and is examined by radiography, if the depth of the incomplete penetration is indeterminable
visually, does the weld meet the requirement for the depth of incomplete penetration?
Reply (5): The Code does not address the methods for determining the extent of incomplete
penetration.

Interpretation: 19-43
Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Table A-1, Fig. 323.2.2A, Impact Testing
Date Issued: October 9, 2003
File: B31-03-00906
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, does a material with a letter designation
in the Minimum Temperature column of Table A-1 require impact testing when the temperature/
material thickness combination falls below the curve of Fig. 323.2.2A for the specified letter
designation?
Reply: Yes. See para. 323.2.2(c), unless exemptions apply.
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ASME B31.3-2004

19-44, 19-45, 19-46

Interpretation: 19-44
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 345.2.5, Leak Test
Date Issued: October 9, 2003
File: B31-03-01343
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, when a leak test is applied to jacketed pipe
where the leak test is to be based upon a critical external design pressure in accordance with
para. 345.2.5(a), is the internal test pressure to be in accordance with para. 345.2.4 regardless of
whether the leak test is hydrostatic, pneumatic, or hydrostatic-pneumatic?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 19-45
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 318.2.2, Mechanical Interlock
Date Issued: October 9, 2003
File: B31-03-01345
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, would a joint in which the mechanical strength
is developed by crimping a female part onto a pipe or tube qualify as having a mechanical
interlock in accordance with para. 318.2.2?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 19-46
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Table A-1, Allowable Stress Values for Carbon Steel Piping
Date Issued: October 9, 2003
File: B31-03-01346
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, do Table A-1 allowable stress values for carbon
steel piping contain a built-in allowance for loss of tensile strength at temperatures below 204C
(400F)?
Reply: For the design stress bases, see para. 302.3.

I-18

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19-47, 19-48, 19-49

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation: 19-47
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits
Date Issued: October 9, 2003
File: B31-03-01347

Reply (1): No.


Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, if a material is exempt from impact testing
because the requirements of para. 323.2.2(d) are satisfied, are welds and heat affected zones
required to be tested per Table 323.2.2, Column A (b)?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 19-48
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Paras. 300(c)(3) and 304.7.2, Radiographic Survey Plugs
Date Issued: October 9, 2003
File: B31-03-01455
Question: Does ASME B31.3-2002 permit the use of plugs threaded into the pipe wall, such as
might be used for radiographic surveys?
Reply: Yes, provided all of the requirements of ASME B31.3 are met, including the reinforcement
requirements of para. 304.3.

Interpretation: 19-49
Subject: ASME B31.3-2002, Paras. 341 and 345, Repair or Replacement of Piping
Date Issued: October 9, 2003
File: B31-03-01441
Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-2002 apply to the repair of piping or piping components which
have been placed into service?
Reply (1): No. See para. 300(c)(2).
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-2002 apply to the replacement of piping or piping components
which have been placed into service?
Reply (2): The Code does not address replacement.

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Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-2002, when using a reduced stress ratio per Fig.
323.2.2B to permit use of non-impact tested materials per para. 323.2.2(d), can the hydrostatic
test required by para. 323.2.2(d)(1)(a) be substituted with the pneumatic test as permitted by
para. 345.1(b)?

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Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

ASME B31.3-2004

NUMERICAL INDEX
Code references are based on ASME B31.3-1990 or later
Editions. References in brackets are to previous Editions
and Addenda.
Reference

Interpretation

Reference

Interpretation

Reference

Interpretation

Introduction

1-3
1-6
1-7
13-04
7-10
8-17
19-11
1-26
1-32
4-08
5-03
8-09
10-11
13-14
3-2
3-4
4-10
6-03R (Vol. 7)
7-05
8-30
13-02
16-12
18-09
19-31
19-48
1-3
1-6
1-7
7-10
8-17
9-06
12-20
1-47
1-52
2-26
3-1
4-19
6-01
8-01
9-02
17-01
1-8
1-19
2-26
7-10
8-17

300.1.3 [300.1.4]

1-8
1-16
1-19
1-26
3-2
15-09
10-05

302.2.4 [302.2.3]

1-3
1-32
2-14
3-4
4-11
7-01
7-04
8-04
14-09
17-12
13-15
1-18
1-38
2-16
3-13
8-25
11-05
16-04
19-37
19-38
2-20
17-14
1-42
1-78
2-20
3-11
1-20
1-50
2-14
2-15
2-24
3-4
4-10
4-12
6-03R (Vol. 7)
6-07
7-04
7-05
8-16
15-15
16-11
17-04
17-18
18-16
16-10
1-50

300

300(b)

300(c)

300(c) [300(e)]

300.1

300.1.1

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Fig. 300.1.1

300.1.3(d)
300.2
Category D Fluid Service

Category M Fluid
Service

notch-sensitive
owner
piping components

piping system
severe cyclic conditions
301
301.2
301.2.1
301.3
301.3.1
310.3.2
301.5.3
301.7.2
302
302.2
302.2.1
302.2.2
302.2.3

4-13
5-03
6-01
19-34
1-40
1-73
6-01
8-09
9-02
2-22
2-30
3-2
8-01
14-03
17-23
1-30
9-06
5-12
8-09
5-11
2-3
7-01
2-29
13-15
2-3
17-07
10-02
4-11
4-07
3-4
1-32
19-03
1-50
16-18
17-11
19-02
19-19

(a)
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302.2.5
302.3.2

302.3.4
Table 302.3.4

302.3.5

Table 302.3.5
302.3.6

ASME B31.3-2004

Reference

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Interpretation

302.3.6 (Contd)
2-15
2-16
2-17
302.4
303
304.1.1

Reference

Interpretation

Reference

304.5.1(b)
304.7.2

9-10
1-51
3-2
4-05
5-05
5-11
6-09
10-7
10-11
10-18
12-09
13-02
13-03
13-05
13-11
19-29
1-16
3-8
3-9
1-38
6-01
7-03
12-16
11-03
5-12
5-12
6-02
6-05
10-04
9-07
2-22
8-33
11-16
3-6
3-6
1-17
8-13
19-45
9-01
2-17
7-04
7-05
12-06
18-13
19-40
15-24
4-10
1-6
1-7
1-55
2-24
5-15
13-05

319.4.1

19-18
1-20
6-05
1-42
1-54
1-70
13-07

304.1.2

304.2
304.2.2
304.2.3
Fig. 304.2.3
304.3

304.3.1
304.3.2
304.3.3

Fig. 304.3.3
304.3.4

Fig. 304.3.4
304.3.5
304.5

304.5.1

15-06
15-10
16-14
1-42
1-57
1-68
1-70
2-11
10-20
15-14
18-06
1-22
5-11
1-22
1-21
1-46
5-01
6-09
19-33
4-05
4-03
7-02
8-06
8-37
11-10
12-05
14-10
15-05
17-26
8-37
1-21
1-37
1-55
1-75
2-27
1-70
12-13
3-4
9-07
10-14
19-12
8-18

304.7.4
305.2
305.2.1
305.2.3
306.4
306.4.2
308.2.1
308.2.4
311.2.4
311.2.5
312
314.2.1
Table 314.2.1
315.2
315.3
317.2
318
318.2.2
Table 319.3.6
319.2.1
319.2.3

319.3.1
319.3.1(b)
319.3.5
319.3.6

319.4.4

319.7
321.1.1
321.1.4
322.3
322.6.1
322.6.3

323.1
323.1.1

323.1.2

323.2
323.2.1
323.2.2

Fig. 323.2.2
Table 323.2.2 [Table
323.2.1]

(b)
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Interpretation
1-33
13-14
1-71
2-7
2-24
1-16
7-05
6-07
1-49
19-36
17-24
10-10
12-18
1-32
2-21
2-29
7-01
12-04
14-09
19-28
8-19
17-09R
19-41
1-11
1-15
1-48
2-1
6-06
8-07
8-19
11-03
15-04
17-01
17-08
19-27
3-9
1-13
15-12
15-25
19-07
19-21
19-35
19-39
19-47
14-08
1-12
1-48
1-65
1-76
2-19
3-8
4-01

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Interpretation

Table 323.2.2 [Table 323.2.1] (Contd)


4-15
14-12
15-11

323.2.4
323.3
323.3.2
Table 323.3.1 [Table
323.3.2]

15-16
18-12
17-09R
6-06

Reference

Interpretation

Reference

328.5.1 [327.4.1]
328.5.2 [327.4.2]

5-17
5-12
16-06
19-20
1-28
5-12
6-02
6-05
8-27
15-08
19-16
1-59
1-74
2-10
4-03
4-14
7-08
8-13
10-04
13-11
1-59
1-74
4-03
4-16
7-08
2-18
8-21
8-23
9-05
8-12
8-08
9-05
14-01
19-15
1-69

331.1.3 [331.3.6] (Contd)

Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.2]

1-76
5-13
11-12
1-12

328.5.4 [327.4.4]

1-76
4-17
5-19
5-21
8-29
10-02
11-12
15-23
323.3.4

8-30

323.3.5
323.4
323.4.2

2-9
15-03
10-01
10-19

Table 323.3.5
Table 326.1

5-14
1-11
1-51
2-3
8-07

Fig. 328.5.4 [Fig. 327.4.4]

328.6
330
330.1
Table 330.1.1
331
331.1.1

8-34
19-14
328
328.1
328.2 [327.5]

328.2.1 [327.5.1, 327.5.2]

328.2.2(g)
328.2.2(i)
328.2.3
328.4
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2
328.4.3
Fig. 328.4.4
328.5 [327.4]

7-02
12-12
12-07
1-66
11-09
14-13
1-76
4-17
8-29
19-22
14-05
19-26
15-19
18-08
13-01
12-10
14-04
8-28
9-08
5-09

Table 331.1.1 [Table


331.3.1]

2-2
5-06
8-24
9-03
12-14
14-16
17-01
8-05
1-39
1-59
4-06
5-06
9-03
11-06
14-01
15-18
17-13

331.1.2
331.1.3 [331.3.6]

(c)
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Interpretation
17-21
18-02
19-24

331.1.4 [331.1.2]

5-08

331.1.6 [331.3.4]

5-08
16-09

331.1.7 [331.3.2]

1-78
8-22
18-04
1-39
1-78
8-05
8-05
8-03
19-04
1-23
1-53
4-02
8-20
16-08
2-2
19-04
11-03
15-17
15-07
17-25
2-5
17-20
1-26
1-10
10-03
1-31
17-15
10-16
15-13
19-49
1-10
1-26
1-27
2-28
10-03
1-64
2-4
19-15
8-32
5-09
13-16
14-02
14-07
14-15
16-07
17-03

331.2
331.2.2 [331.1.1]
331.3.4
331.3.7
332.1
332.2 [329.1]

332.2.2
332.4 [329.3, 330.2]
332.4.2
335.1.1
335.2
335.2.3
340.2 [336.1.2]
340.3 [336.3]
340.4 [336.2]
341

341.2 [336.1.1, 336.1.3]

341.3.1 [336.5]

341.3.2
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.1]
Table 341.3.2

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reference

ASME B31.3-2004

ASME B31.3-2004

Reference

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Interpretation

Table 341.3.2 (Contd)

[Table 327.4.1A]

[Table 341.3.2A]

341.3.3
341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.4]

341.4 [336.5]

341.4.1 [336.5.1]

Reference

Interpretation

341.4.1 [336.5.1] (Contd)

17-22
18-07
1-1
1-9
1-14
1-41
2-8
5-04
5-13
5-16
5-17
5-18
5-20
6-04
7-06
8-32
8-38
9-04
11-08
11-14
12-22
13-16
14-14
1-62
2-25
2-32
3-5
3-14
10-09
10-12
11-02
11-04
13-12
16-01
16-02
16-05
18-01
1-24
1-45
3-12
5-20
11-01
1-10
1-26
1-27
1-60
2-12
2-28
3-7
3-12
4-12
5-10

342
342.1 [336.4.1]
343 [336.4.1]
344 [336.4]

344.1
344.2 [336.4.2]

344.2.1
344.5 [336.4.5]

344.6 [336.4.6]
344.6.2
344.7 [336.4.7]

344.7.1
345 [337]

345.1 [337.1]

(d)
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Interpretation

345.1 [337.1] (Contd)

8-02
8-10
8-26
10-03
10-17
11-11
11-14
11-15
18-14
19-05
19-42
8-38
8-10
8-38
1-5
3-12
15-21
2-28
2-28
5-09
16-13
18-11
13-12
2-28
8-10
8-26
11-11
15-21
18-17
19-17
1-10
1-60
2-12
1-60
10-17
2-28
3-14
12-01
19-17
11-11
1-2
1-72
2-31
3-3
8-31
16-03
17-30
19-23
19-30
19-49
1-4
1-30

341.4.2
341.4.3
341.5
341.5.1 [336.6.1]

Reference

4-04
6-08
8-15
345.2.2
345.2.3(i)
345.2.4 [337.4.3]
345.2.5
345.2.6 [337.1]

345.3 [337.3]

345.4
345.4.1
345.4.2 [337.4.1]

345.4.3 [337.4.2]
345.5 [337.4.4]

345.5.2
345.5.4
345.7 [337.5.2]
345.8 [337.6]

345.9 [337.5.1]

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12-21
8-31
18-10
17-28
1-35
19-44
1-2
5-22
19-23
2-6
3-10
5-02
12-03
8-04
19-25
12-19
1-35
1-61
1-63
2-23
4-04
9-09
13-13
18-03
19-10
1-63
1-35
1-43
6-08
11-07
13-06
19-32
11-19
12-02
1-36
1-25
3-10
17-02
19-06
4-09
5-07
6-08
8-15
10-15
12-01
12-21
15-02
17-05
17-10

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Reference

Interpretation

345.9 [337.5.1] (Contd)


A304
A304.1.1

18-15
8-14
14-17

A304.5.1
A304.7.2
A305

14-18
1-67
13-08
11-17

A314
A322.6
A323.4.2

8-33
17-29
10-06

A327.2.4
A328.2(a)
A328.2.1

11-18
7-09
10-8
8-14
18-05

ASME B31.3-2004

Reference

Interpretation

Reference

M345.1
MA306.5
MA323.4

6-08
9-02
9-02
19-08
8-35
2-20

Appendix B

19-13

Appendix D

1-6

MA323.4.2
Appendix A Notes (no
equivalent) [(14)]
Note (17)
Note (20) [(30)]
Note (57) [(2)]
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table 1]

13-08

3-9
3-13
4-12

K314.2

17-16
11-21
14-11
17-19

K315
K322.3

7-07
7-07

6-06
7-03

K323.1.2
K328.2.1(a)

19-09
17-27

Fig. K328.5.4
M305.1
M307.2

8-37
12-15
8-35

8-11
8-18
8-25

M322.3

2-13
3-6

M323.1.3
M326

3-7
2-13

M335.4 [M335.5, M335.6]

3-6

M341.4 [M336.5]

1-24

4-13
6-01

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Table A-1B [Table 1]

11-13
12-09
15-01
19-43
19-46
1-78
2-20
4-18
7-03

2-28
3-7

(e)
Copyright ASME International
Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

1-55
1-56
1-71
2-7
2-24
4-16
5-01
5-15
6-06

Appendix E [Appendix
K]

Appendix F [F323.2]
Appendix G
Appendix H
Appendix J

8-34
8-36

1-45
M341.4.1 [M336.5.1]

1-34
1-46

1-13
1-18
1-29
1-38

17-06
8-14
10-08

K300(a)
K304.1.2

1-7

4-18
1-77
1-58

1-48
1-77
2-1
3-8

A328.2.5
A328.5

Interpretation

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

Appendix M
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Appendix
Case 137
Case 141

V
X, X3.1.3
X, X3.2.2
X, X302.2.3

12-08
12-11
12-17
13-05
18-18
1-44
5-10
19-20
1-29
5-12
8-06
11-10
1-28
1-54
1-75
5-04
6-01
8-09
17-17
12-23
13-09
15-22
3-1
1-51

ASME B31.3-2004

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

SUBJECT INDEX

Subject
Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests
weld

Interpretation

Bending

1-2
1-1
1-9
1-14
1-41
2-8
5-09
5-13
5-17
5-18
5-20
6-04
7-06
8-32
12-22
13-16
14-02
14-07
14-06

Allowable Stresses
bases for

4-12
1-18
3-13
8-11
8-25
10-13
15-01
1-29
11-13
8-25
1-38
1-13
1-48
8-11
3-13

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Allowable Loads

for ASTM A 312


for ASTM A 351
for ASTM A 387
for ASTM A 570
for ASTM A 587
for ASTM A 671
for ASTM A 464
for austenitic stainless
steels
for unlisted alloy steel
pipe
Alterations of Piping

Interpretation

Subject

19-09

4-02
8-03
15-17

Bends
corrugated
miter (see Miter Bends)
reduction of outside
diameter

10-04
13-11
17-26

8-20

Brazed Joints
for flammable service
Buckles

8-14
7-09
8-14

procedure specifications
for plastic piping

10-08

requirements
solvent cement

18-05
8-14

Cast Irons
specific requirements
Category D Fluid Service
alternative pressure test for
limitations
radiographic examination

Bonds
heat fusion
hot gas welded

8-14
8-14

test assembly

7-09

Bolting Materials

4-15
17-20

Branch Connections
couplings
extruded outlets

flexibility analysis
integrally reinforced fitting
projection into run pipe

19-33
1-37
2-27
6-09
9-01
4-05
11-10
8-28
9-03
8-06
8-37

13-04

13-09

14-10
15-05
2-10
4-03
4-14
7-02

Alternative Tests (see Leak Tests)

Bellows

7-08

1-23

Bonding Qualification Test


hot gas welded
minimum burst pressure

reinforcement

weld requirements

Category M Fluid Service


clarification of term
double contained piping
leak test
liquid oxygen
requirements

tubing size limitations


very small quantity
Code Coverage
B31.3 versus B31.4
fired heaters
general hydrocarbon
service
in-line sensing devices
intent
later editions
new and replacement
piping

offshore platform
oil heating system

(f)
Copyright ASME International
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation

Branch Connections (Contd)


weld requirements (Contd)

16-08

12-05
12-13

Authorized Inspector (see Owners


Inspector)

Subject

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1-17
1-23
1-53

10-01

1-36
4-13
5-03
8-38

1-73
9-02
8-35
6-08
8-09
8-35
9-02
12-15
2-13
1-40

1-47
7-10
15-09
6-01
8-01
16-12
19-01
5-22
12-21
19-49
8-17
4-19

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Subject
Code Coverage (Contd)
radioactive fluids
synfuel plant piping
tobacco plant piping

Interpretation
12-20
1-52
2-26
3-1

Components (see also Fittings, Flanges,


Standard Components, Unlisted, and
Valves)
certification
1-26
3-7
5-10
13-10
defining
17-23
design conditions
2-3
fabricated or flared flaps
11-03
12-16
in-line sensing devices
8-01
metric size
19-29
referenced standards
1-44
5-10

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation

Subject
Examination (Contd)
progressive (see Progressive
Examination)
radiographic (see
Radiographic Examination)
random

1-8

Corrugated Bends

1-23

Cyclic Loading

5-12
17-04

11-15
15-13
15-21
18-14

spot

Design (see also Pressure Design)


additional design
12-13
considerations
conditions
2-3
for stainless bellows
12-23
Lame theory
1-57
minimum temperature
10-02
Displacement Stress

2-14
2-24
12-06
18-13

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Empty System
transportation
Examination
acceptance criteria
extent of

in-process
liquid penetrant (see Liquid
Penetrant Examination)

types

9-06

16-07
1-24
5-18
11-01
3-14
11-15

10-17
11-14
1-62
16-13
18-11

visual (see Visual


Examination)
ultrasonic (see Ultrasonic
Examination)
Exclusions
for compressors and
internal piping
for interconnecting piping
listed in scope
Expansion Joints

1-8
1-19
10-5

tees considered as

1-21
1-70
1-55

Extruded Welded Tee

5-01

Fatigue

18-09

Fillet Weld
internal, slip-on flange
pressure containing
size
use

8-27
8-13
1-74
10-4

(g)
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conforming to two grades


flared, flareless, or
compression types

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Interpretation
1-7
5-01
19-14
8-18
3-6

MSS SP-75

12-16
1-11

Flammable Service

1-17

Flanges
assembly
design

general
long welding neck
slip-on
use of aluminum
use of raised and flat face
metallic
Flexibility Analysis
branch connections
exemptions from
qualification
thermal expansion data

1-16
12-23
13-09

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of

Earthquake (see Seismic)

1-27

4-12
11-15
11-11
1-24
1-60
6-04
11-14

severe cyclic conditions

Compressors
internal piping

Fittings
B16.9

1-45
1-62
2-12
2-32

records
required

Subject

Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
diameters
for a tee

for components not listed


in Appendix D

2-5
1-67
3-4
9-7
9-10
4-05
5-12
8-27
1-51
9-07

9-01
1-33
13-05
13-14
15-24

1-56
1-55
1-56
5-01
1-55
2-24

Flexibility Factors
basis for
for B16.9 tee

for fabricated intersections

for pressure piping


components
for welded elbows
Fluid Service
definition

1-56
1-7
12-08
12-17
1-6
4-16
5-15
13-05
1-6

19-34

ASME B31.3-2004

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Interpretation

Fluid Service (Contd)


general hydrocarbon

6-01

requirements, metallic

requirements, nonmetallic
responsibility for
categorizing

11-16
12-15
12-16
15-03
11-17
11-18
4-08

Interpretation

Subject

Heat Treatment (Contd)


when radiography is required (Contd)
2-4

Impact Tests
absorbed energy data
alternative methods
base metal

1-58

2-2
8-22

testing

15-20

Heat Fusion Joints

13-08

heat treatment required


in qualifying procedures
of aluminum filler metals
of austenitic stainless steel
of bolting materials
of the heat-affected zone
of weldments

Heat Treatment
cooling rate
for austenitic stainless steel
for bending and forming

1-69
1-65

for flared laps


for valve parts

2-2
19-04
11-03
8-12

governing thickness

1-39

requirements
temperature limitation

1-59
4-06
5-06
11-06
heating rate
local

1-69
5-08

monitoring

8-05
5-08

requirements

8-05
8-08
8-21
8-23
8-24
9-03
9-05
12-14
14-01
14-16
15-18
18-04

SP-1 through SP-5


when radiography is
required

8-24
1-64

Instrument Piping (Contd)


8-01
Internal Piping, Equipment

exclusions from

Hardness
limitations on
records

2-9
8-30
4-01
11-12
18-12
1-76
5-14
8-30
5-19
8-29
2-19
1-65
4-15
1-76
5-21
1-12
1-65
1-76
5-21
19-21
15-23
17-09
5-14
8-30
14-12
19-07
19-43

Imperfections (see also Acceptance


Criteria)
concave root surface
1-1
6-04
determination of
8-32
lack of fusion
5-09
porosity
1-9
5-13
5-16
5-20
slag inclusion
5-20
tungsten inclusions
1-9
5-17
undercutting
1-14
2-8
6-04
Installed Piping

1-30

Instrument Piping

7-07

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234, ASTM A
312, ASTM A 403
for branch connections
for circumferential welds
for longitudinal and spiral
welds

1-8

2-20
8-06
1-42
1-78
3-11
8-06
17-14

Joints
alignment
circumferential bends
exposed during test
instrument tubing
special
tapered pipe thread
threaded

Lateral Fittings
Leak Tests
acceptance criteria

alternative

15-07
17-25
5-11
2-6
3-10
7-07
8-13
16-15
11-16
17-19
1-6

1-2
15-22
16-03
4-09
5-07
6-08
8-15
12-01
12-21
17-05

as nondestructive
examination
external design pressure
for Category D fluid
service
for system designed for 0
psi
isolation of test pump
leakage
minimum hydrostatic test
pressure

(h)
Copyright ASME International
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation

Hydrostatic Tests (see Leak Tests)

8-09
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset

Subject

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Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

17-10
18-15
8-31
19-44
1-36
2-31
1-2
1-4
2-23
4-04

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Subject

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Subject
Leak Tests (Contd)
minor repairs and
additions
of discharge piping
of newly constructed
systems

Interpretation

Subject

Interpretation

1-2

Liquid Penetrant Examination


requirements

11-14

1-72
1-4
5-02

of piping and vessel

5-22
8-15
1-63

of piping connecting
equipment

3-3

of replacement piping
painting before test

5-22
12-21
2-6

personnel qualification
pneumatic test

3-10
5-23
8-31
11-07
11-19
12-02
13-06
19-23
19-30

preparation for

19-32
2-6
3-10
5-02
5-23
12-03

reduced pressure
(hydrostatic test)

requirements
sensitive

temperature correction for


test fluid

1-61
2-23
13-13
8-15
13-13
1-25
17-02
19-06
19-23
1-35
1-43
12-19

test pressure

12-04
19-10

Lethal Substance

1-73

Limitations
on hardness
on imperfections (see
Imperfections)
on tubing size

ASME B31.3-2004

Low Temperature Requirements (see


Impact Tests)
Materials
API 5L

API 5LX
ASTM A234
ASTM A 312

ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM

A
A
A
A

350
351
387
403

ASTM A 487
ASTM A 537
ASTM A 570
ASTM A 587
ASTM A 633
ASTM A 658
ASTM A 671
ASTM B 241
ASTM B 337
ASTM B 464
austenitic stainless steels
bases for design stresses
carbon steel
certification

conforming to two grades


listed
notch sensitive
reidentification
toughness requirements
traceability
unlisted material

2-2

2-13
3-6

1-78
2-4
3-9
3-11
6-01
6-06
2-4
11-05
2-20
1-29
1-77
2-20
19-07
11-13
8-25
1-77
2-20
8-07
2-1
1-38
1-13
1-11
3-8
1-48
2-19
4-18
8-11
3-13
11-05
19-39
5-10
8-02
13-10
8-18
8-34
17-09R
17-11
2-22
8-19
5-19
19-28
11-05
11-20
15-04
17-01
17-08
19-27

(i)
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

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Subject

Interpretation

Mechanical Interlock

19-45

Miter Bends
pressure design of

Near Straight Sawtooth Runs


explanation of
Nomenclature
d
T
tn
TW

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements
in Category M Fluid
Service
joint requirements
materials
pressure design

Notch Sensitive
materials
Occasional Variations
(Pressure/Temperature
Allowances)

1-22
5-11

1-33

1-54
1-28
1-75
5-04
5-16

11-17
11-18
8-35
7-09
8-14
19-08
14-17
14-18

2-22
1-3

2-14
4-11
loads

Owner
responsibilities

Owners Inspector
qualifications of
responsibilities of
Pipe
alterations of existing pipe
curved and mitered
segments

1-50
2-15
2-16
2-17
19-18

1-26
2-30
5-22
19-11

1-31
1-26

13-04
15-14
18-06

ASME B31.3-2004

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Subject

Interpretation

Subject

Pipe (Contd)
elbowless

8-03

Pressure Design (Contd)


of pipe (Contd)

in corroded condition
instrument
made from plate
of noncircular cross section
pressure design
pressure testing
spiral welded
straight, under internal
pressure

of listed components

7-03
10-20

of unlisted components

11-21
14-11

of valves

6-07
7-05

materials
use of plastic

19-36
1-49

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

8-33

Pressure Rating
components
valve

19-02
8-04

variations

4-11

1-49

19-41
11-07

and test pressure

11-19
12-04
14-09
18-03

1-66

Postweld Heat Treatment (see Heat


Treatment)

pressure reducing station


requirements
setting

Preheat (see Heat Treatment)


Pressure Design
allowance
for elevated temperatures
in the high pressure range
of extruded headers
of flanges and blanks

of miter bends
of nonmetallic piping
components
of pipe

11-04
13-12
16-01
16-02
16-05
18-01
Published Specification
Radiographic Examination
100%
as supplementary
examination
random radiography

records
requirements

2-21
2-29

Pneumatic Tests (see Leak Tests)


Positions
qualification of welding

17-06
16-14
16-18
13-02
13-03
13-05
8-04
13-15

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices

19-31
17-29
1-32

selection of welds for


examination
spot radiography
survey plugs
when PWHT is required

Records
certification

7-01
12-04

17-12
3-4

stop valves

10-10
12-18

1-68
17-16
1-21
1-70
10-14
13-15

Pressure Surges
loads due to

19-12
1-21
14-17

Pressure Test (see Leak Test)

1-50

Pressure-Temperature
Rating

5-05
8-34

Progressive Examination

14-18
1-42
1-54
1-57
1-68

for radiographic
examination
of examinations
of hardness tests
retention of
Reinforcement, Branch
attachment weld
clarification of terms

1-5
1-62
3-5
10-09
10-10
10-12
11-02

limits of

1-15

5-09
8-38
1-27
1-45
1-62
2-12
2-32
3-12
1-10
6-04
11-01
11-05
12-03
2-25
1-62
3-12
19-48
1-64
2-4

5-10
8-02
10-03
1-10
11-11
8-22
1-10

4-03
7-08
1-37
11-10
2-27
9-04

Repairs
to welds

2-18

Responsibility
designer

10-11

(j)
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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation

Progressive Examination (Contd)

13-07
15-06
15-10

3-2
13-07
14-09
9-09

longitudinal stress effects

Subject

1-70
2-11
11-21

2-15
17-24
1-48
8-36

Pipe Supports
configurations

Plastic
lined pipe use of
screwed flanges
pipe supports

Interpretation

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Subject
Responsibility (Contd)
rights of owners
inspection

Interpretation
10-03
17-15

Safeguarding

5-12

ASME B31.3-2004

Interpretation

Subject

Stresses (see also Allowable Stresses)


(Contd)
longitudinal (Contd)
6-07
7-05
8-16
17-18

Scope (see Code Coverage)


Seismic Loads
stresses due to
Severe Cyclic Conditions
cyclic loading

4-07
2-17

8-09

spiral welded pipe

7-03

Simplified Flexibility
Analysis

1-33

valves

reduction factors

3-7
8-02
5-05

superseded

1-34
2-24
6-03R
(Vol.
7)

Thermoplastic Piping
neat fusion joints

13-08

solvent cemented joints

10-8

specific requirements

10-06

Tubing
category M fluid service

16-17

joints
limitations

7-07
2-13

Thickness Allowances
governing

1-56

in stress calculations
welding tee

1-20
18-18

branch connections
for B16.9 tees
for fabricated intersections

2-7
1-7
1-6
5-15

Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography
requirements

11-05
10-17

for tees

1-46
1-55
1-71

Unlisted
components

5-01
12-08
12-17

5-10

for unlisted components

13-05

1-44

for welded elbows

1-6
12-11

Stresses (see also Allowable Stresses)


allowable
19-37
19-38
19-46
displacement stress range
7-04
12-06
due to cold spring
8-16
due to occasional loads
2-16
due to pressure surges
1-50
due to seismic loads
2-17
due to sustained loads
15-15
16-04
16-11
due to thermal gradients
3-4
hydrostatic design
19-13
longitudinal
1-20
1-50
2-15
2-24
4-10
4-12
6-03R
(Vol.
7)
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASME International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

17-13
17-21
18-02

basis for

8-04
8-07
Standards
compliance

Interpretation

3-6

Stress Intensification Factors


application of

5-12

large rapid temperature


change

Standard Components
manufacturers markings

18-16
16-10

Subject

Temperatures
allowance

17-12

bending

16-08

design minimum
temperature

10-02
14-08
14-12
15-11
15-16
17-07
19-35

large changes

8-09

limitations

materials (see Materials)


Valves
Category M Fluid Service
Flanged Ball Valves
materials

4-13
5-14
15-12

1-6
1-51
3-6
4-05
5-05
8-7
10-18
10-07
10-11
12-09
13-02
13-03
13-05
19-03
19-19

pressure buildup
ratings

8-35
16-16
8-07
15-26
8-04
5-05

15-25
19-47
maximum metal
temperature

19-40

reduction

4-11

verification

16-09

variation in elevated
temperature service

17-17

(k)
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Visual Examination
internal

requirements

8-10
8-26
13-16
2-28
10-03
13-16

ASME B31.3-2004

Subject

Cumulative Index Interpretations Vols. 119

Interpretation

Visual Examination (Contd)


requirements (Contd)

Interpretation

Subject
Weld (Contd)
for branch connections

Weld
acceptable criteria

bevels
configuration
definition
examination of welds

fillet size

final

2-5

17-03
17-22
18-07
12-10
19-16
14-03
19-05
10-15
11-01
11-14
13-16
14-14
14-15
15-02
19-17
19-42
1-74
10-19
16-06
19-15

by others

15-19
18-08
19-26

requirements

17-27

19-25
imperfections (see
Acceptable Criteria)
longitudinal

Welding Procedure

2-20
3-11
4-18

qualification of

1-12
1-65
1-66

of valves
preparation for welding

12-12
13-01
14-04

qualification of position

1-66

8-23

reinforcement

7-08
11-08
2-18
6-02

8-29

repair
socket

1-76
4-17

11-09
14-05
14-13

6-05

19-22

10-19
15-08

responsibility

19-20
spacing of

12-07
12-12

16-06
specification

7-02

(l)

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Interpretation

Welder Qualification

2-10
4-03
4-14
8-37
11-10

18-17
Washers, Use of

Subject

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8-21
8-22

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 18
Replies to Technical Inquiries
December 1, 1999 through March 31, 2001
General Information

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3 as part
of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in chronological
order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the interpretation, or if none is
stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent
revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and editorial
corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the interpretation
revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply bearing the original
interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional information
is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons aggrieved by
an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the
Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve, certify, rate, or endorse
any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to Appendix Z.
Code Reference and Subject Indexes

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Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1 up to
and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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B31.3
Subject
.

Intemretation

File No .

Appendix D,Thickness of a Welding Tee .....................................


Para. 300(c). General Statements., ..........................................
Para. 302.3.5(c), Limits of Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained oads and
Displacement Strains.....................................................
Para. 304.2.2., Curved and Mitered Segments of Pipe ............................
Para. 319.2.3, Displacement Stress Range .......................................
Para. 328.2.3, Performance Qualification by others ..............................
Para. 33 1.1.3, Governing Thickness ...........................................
Para. 331.2, Heat Treatment Specific Requirements ..............................
Para 341.3.4(a), Progressive Sampling for Examination ..........................
Para. 341.4.1@)(1), Examination Normally Required .............................
Para. 344. Types of Examination .............................................
Para. 344.2, Visual Examination .............................................
Para. 345.2.2(a), Other Test Requirements .....................................
Para . 345.4.2, Test Pressure .................................................
Para. 345.9.1, Alternative Leak Test ..........................................
Para. A328.2.1@), Bonding Qualification Requirements ..........................
Table 323.2.2, Impact Testing Requirements for Metais ..........................
Table 323.2.2, Impact Testing Requirements for Metals ..........................
Table 341.3.2, Acceptance Criteria for Welds ...................................

18-18
18-09
18-16

B3 1-00-044
B31-Ca-O13
831-00-032

18-06
18-13
18-08
18-02
18-04
18-01
18-14
18-11
18-17
18-10
18-03
18-15
18-05
18-12
17-09R
18-07

831-00-010
B3 1-00-029
B3 1-00-012
8 3 1-00-003
8 3 1-00-006
B3 1-00-002
B3 1-00-030
B3 1-00-025
831-00-043
B3 1-00-016
B3 1-00-004
B 1-00-03
3 1
B31-00-009
831-00-028
B3 1-00-028
B31-00-011

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18-01, 18-02

831.3 Interpretations No. 18

Interpretation: 18-01

Subject: ASME B3 1.3-1999 Edition, Para. 341.3.4(a), Progressive Sampling for Examination
Date Issued: May 3 1, 2000
File: B31-00-002
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, if a welding operators weld is rejected
and the repair is made by another welding operator, does para. 341.3.3 require the repair weld be examined?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, may the two additional welds required by
para. 341.3.4(a) be examined at the same time as the above referenced repair weld?
Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: 18-02

Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 331.1.3, Governing Thickness


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Date Issued: May 31, 2000


File: B31-00-003
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. 331.1.3, can the governing thickness
for the heat treatment of branch connection welds in Fig. 328.5.4D be calculated or determined by means
other than the formulas provided in para. 331.1.3(a)?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. 331.1.3, shall the governing throughweld thickness for the heat treatment of branch connection welds in accordance with Fig. 328.5.4D be
calculated in accordance with the formulas provided in para. 331.1.3(a), even if a dimension through the
weld may be greater than calculated by the formulas?
Reply (2): Yes.

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831.3 interpretations No. 18

18-03, 18-04, 18-05

Interpretation: 18-03

Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 345.4.2, Test Pressure


Date Issued: May 31, 2000
File: B3 1-00-004
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. 345.4.2(b), when a piping system is
constructed of different materials, shall the stress values, ST and S,from each of the individual points in
the system be used to calculate the required test pressure for that point in the system in accordance with
Eq. (24)?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordancewith ASME B3 1.3-1999Edition, when the required test pressure for individual
points in a piping system differ, and the system is tested as a whole, may any point in the piping system
be subjected to a pressure less than its required test pressure in accordance with Eq. (24)?
Reply (2): No, except as provided for in paras. 345.4.2(b), 345.4.2(c), and 345.4.3.

Interpretation: 18-04

Subject: ASME B3 1.3- 1999 Edition, Para. 331.2, Heat Treatment Specific Requirements
Date Issued: May 31, 2000
File: B31-00-006
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, may alternative heat treatment methods or
exceptions be specified in the engineering design?
Reply: Yes. See para. 331.2.

Interpretation: 18-05

Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. A328.2.l(b), Bonding Qualification Requirements


Date Issued: May 31, 2000
File: B3 1-00-009
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. A328.2.l(b), does each material type,
using the same joining method, require a separate bonding procedure specification (BPS)?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. A328.2.5 is a bonder or bonding
operator required to qualify for each material type listed in the BPS?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, can a bonder qualification test pressure
for thermoplastics when using the hydrostatic test method, be less than the calculated test pressure in
accordance with A328.2.5(c)( i)?
Reply (3): No.
216
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631.3 Interpretations

18-06, 18-07, 18-08

NO. 18

Interpretation: 18-06
Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 304.2.2, Curved and Mitered Segments of Pipe
Date Issued: May 31, 2000
File: B31-00-010
Question (1): In accordance with para. 304.2.2, if a B16.9 elbow is modified by trimming it (e.g., a
standard 90 deg elbow trimmed to 75 or 15 deg), such that it no longer is in compliance with B16.9, must
it be qualified as an unlisted component in accordance with para. 304.7.2?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Is the pressure rating of a B16.9 fitting determined by the actual pipe to which it is attached?
Reply (2): No. See para. 302.2.2.
Question (3): If the ends of a B16.9 or B16.10 component have been taper bored, such that its length
no longer meets the length requirements of the component standard, must it be qualified by para. 304.7.2?
Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: 18-07
Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Table 341.3.2, Acceptance Criteria for Welds
Date Issued: May 3 1, 2000
File: B31-00-011
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Table 341.3.2, what is the acceptance criteria
for surface porosity and exposed slag inclusions for weld thickness greater than 3/16 in.?
Reply: The Code does not require welds greater than 3/16 in. nominal thickness to be evaluated for these
imperfections.

Interpretation: 18-08
Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 328.2.3, Performance Qualification by Others
Date Issued May 31, 2000
File: B31-00-012
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. 328.2.3, is it acceptable to use the date
furnished by a previous employer for the Welder Qualification Record as the date that the individual last
used the procedure on pressure piping when that date cannot be determined?
Reply: No.

217
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831.3 Interpretations No. 18

18-09, 18-10, 18-11

Interpretation: 18-09

Subject: ASME B3 1.3-1999 Edition, Para. 300(c), General Statements


Date Issued: May 31, 2000
File: B31-00-013
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, should the designer use EQ. (Id) to assess
fatigue from two or more sources (e.g., thermal plus wave action)?
Reply (1): Yes. However, see para. 300(c)(3).
Question (2): When determining the allowable displacement stress range of high strength materials in
B31.3 piping, does B31.3 use the allowable stresses in Appendix A in Eqs. (la) and (lb)?
Reply (2): Yes. However, see para. 300(c)(5).

Interpretation: 18-10

Subject: ASME B31.3- 1999 Edition, Para. 345.2.2(a), Other Test Requirements
Date Issued: May 31, 2000
File: B31-00-016
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, can the requirement of para. 345.2.2(a) be
satisfied by lowering the test pressure to the design pressure (multiplied by the ratio of the allowable stress
for the test temperature to the allowable stress for the design temperature) before examination for leaks?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: 18-11

Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 344, Types of Examination


Date Issued: November 1,2000
File: B31-00-025
Question (i):In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, in a weld that is visually examined for
Category D Fluid Service, shall incomplete penetration be judged only on indications at the root andor
surface area?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, in a weld that is visually and/or radiographically examined for Normal Fluid Service, is it required that depth of incomplete penetration be determined
by radiography?
Reply (2): No.

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18-12, 17-09R

831.3 Interpretations No. 18

Interpretation: 18-12

Subject: ASME B3 1.3a-2000 Addenda, Table 323.2.2, Impact Testing Requirements for Metals
Date Issued: November 1, 2000
File: B31-00-028
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B3 1.3a-2000 Addenda, may welded austenitic stainless steel
pipe and fittings, with carbon content less than or equal to 0.1% and furnished in the solution heat-treated
condition, be used at temperatures warmer than those listed in the Minimum Temperature Column of Table
A-1 for the particular alloy in question without impact testing of the base metal?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, Table 323.2.2, does box A-4(a) apply
to austenitic stainless steel pipe and fittings?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, Table 323.2.2, does box A-4 (b) apply
to welds performed on austenitic stainless steel pipe and fittings, by both the manufacturer of the component
and the fabricator of the piping?
Reply (3): Yes.
Question (4):In accordance with ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, does para. 323.2.2(f) apply
- - - to welds
(with or without filler metal added) that are not subsequently solution heat treated?
Reply (4): Yes.
Interpretation: 17-09R (Replaces 17-09)

Subject: ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, Table 323.2.2, Impact Testing Requirements for Metals
Date Issued: November 1, 2000
File: B3 1-00-028
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997 Addenda, are classes 12, 13, 22, and 23 of ASME
A671, A672, and A691 the only listed materials in the Code for these specifications?
Reply: Yes.

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831.3 Interpretations No. 18

18-13, 18-14, 18-15

Interpretation: 18-13

Subject: ASME B3 1.3a-2000 Addenda, Para. 3 19.2.3, Displacement Stress Range


Date Issued: November 1, 2000
File: B3 1-00-029
Question (1): In Accordance with ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, is it permissible for the allowable
displacement stress range calculated by Eq. (1b) to exceed the yield strength of the material at the maximum
metal temperature?
Reply (1): Yes, see para. 319.2.3. Also, see para. 319.2.2 regarding cautions for unbalanced systems.
Question (2): Does ASME B3 1.3a-2000 Addenda provide specific requirements for earthquake loads
other than para. 301.5.3?
Reply (2): No.
Interpretation: 18-14

Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 341.4.l(b)(l), Examination Normally Required


Date Issued: November 1, 2000
File: B31-00-030
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, if examination of a welders work is satisfactorily represented in accordance with the requirements of para. 341.4.1 (b)( 1) when producing welds requiring
100% examination, must examination of his work also be represented in production requiring a lesser
degree of examination?
Reply: No, unless the welds requiring a lesser degree of examination are in a different designated lot.

Interpretation: 18-15

Subject: ASME B3 1.3a-2000 Addenda, Para. 345.9.1, Alternative Leak Test


Date Issued: November 1, 2000
File: B3 1-00-031
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, when 100% radiography is required by
para. 345.9.1 for an alternative leak test, may 100% ultrasonic examination in accordance with para. 344.6
be used in place of radiography?
Reply: No.

220
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18-16, 18-17, 18-18

831.3 Interpretations No. 18

Interpretation: 18-16

Subject: ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, Para. 302.3.5 (c), Limits of Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained
Loads and Displacement Strains
Date Issued: November 1, 20
File: B3 1-00-032
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3a-2000 Addenda, does the calculation of longitudinal stresses
due to pressure, weight and other sustained loadings per para. 302.3.5(c) include vibrational loadings?
Reply: No. See para. 302.3.5(d), including footnote 5, for allowable displacement stress range.

Interpretation: 18-17

Subject: ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, Para. 344.2, Visual Examination


Date Issued: November 1, 2000
File: B3 1-00-043
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Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, paras. 344.2 and 344.7, for in-process
visual examination, shall the acceptance or rejection of the individual items specified in para. 344.7 be
recorded?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, paras. 344.2 and 344.7 for in-process visual
examination, is it required to record the value of each individual item specified in para. 344.7.1?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 18-18

Subject: ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda, Appendix D, Thickness of a Welding Tee


Date Issued: November 1, 2000
File: B31-00-044
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B3 1.3a-2000Addenda, does the crotch thickness, T,, requirement
for a ?welding tee? in Appendix D apply to the whole arc, from where the wall is tangent to the header
direction to where the wall is tangent to the branch direction?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3a-2000 Addenda Appendix D, does the Code specify the
specific location where T,, for a welding tee, shall be measured?
Reply (2): No.

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CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 831.3-1990 or later Editions. References in brackets
are to previous Editions and Addenda.)

Reference

.........................

Introduction
1.3. 1.6. 1.7. 13-04
7.10. 8.17
300 ........................................
1.26. 1.32. 4.08. 5.03. 8.09. 10.11. 13-14
300(b)
3 0 0 ( ~ )............ 3.2. 3-4. 4.10. 6-03R (Vol. 7). 7.05. 8.30.
13.02. 16.12. 18-09
1.3. 1.6. 1-7
300(c) [300(e)l
300.1 ............................
7.10. 8.17. 9.06. 12-20
300.1.1 ... 1.47. 1.52. 2.26. 3.1. 4.19. 6.01. 8.01. 9.02. 17-01
Fig. 300.1.1
1.8. 1.19. 2.26. 7.10. 8-17
300.1.3 [300.1.4]
1.8. 1.16. 1.19. 1.26. 3.2. 15-09
10-05
300.1.3(d)
300.2
Category D Fluid Service ................ 4.13. 5.03. 6-01
1.40. 1.73. 6.01. 8.09. 9-02
Category M Fluid Service
2-22
notch-sensitive ..................................
owner
2-30
piping components ............... 3.2. 8.01. 14.03. 17-23
1.30. 9-06
piping system ..............................
5-1 2. 8-09
severe cyclic conditions
301 .............................................
5-11
2-3;7-O1
301.2
2.29. 13-15
301.2.1
301.3 .......................................
2.3. 17-07
10-02
301.3.1 .........................................
4-11
301.3.2 ..........................................
4-07
301.5.3 ..........................................
3-4
301.7.2
302 .............................................
1-32
1-50
302.2
302.2.1 .........................................
16-18
17-11
302.2.2
302.2.4 [302.2.3] ...... 1.3. 1.32. 2.14. 3-4. 4.11. 7.01. 7.04.
8.04. 14.09. 17-12
13-15
302.2.5 .........................................
302.3.2
1-18. 1.38. 2-1 6. 3-1 3. 8.25. 11.05. 16-04
2.20. 17-14
302.3.4
Table 302.3.4
1.42. 1.78. 2.20. 3-1 1
302.3.5 ........ 1.20. 1.50. 2.14. 2.15. 2.24. 3.4. 4.10. 4.12.
6-03R (Vol. 7). 6.07. 7.04. 7.05. 8-1 6. 15-15. 16-11.
17.04. 17-18. 18-16
Table 302.3.5 ....................................
16-10
1.50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17
302.3.6 ...........................
302.4 ............................................
1-20
6-05
303 .............................................
304.1.1 ........ 1.42. 1.54. 1.70. 13.07. 15.06. 15.10. 16-14
304.1.2 ................ 1-42. 1.57. 1.68. 1.70. 2.11. 10-20
304.2 ...........................................
15-14
18-06
304.2.2 .......................................

............

.............................

....................
..........

.......................................
......

.........................................

......................
........................................
....................................

...........................................

............................................
.........................................

..........
....................................
......................

Subject

Reference

.....................................

304.2.3
1.22. 5-11
Fig. 304.2.3 .......................................
1-22
304.3 .............................
1.21. 1-46. 5-01. 6-09
4-05
304.3.2 ..........................................
4.03. 7.02. 8.06. 8.37. 11.10. 12.05. 14.10.
304.3.3
15.05. 17-26
8-37
Fig. 304.3.3 .......................................
1.21. 1.37. 1.55. 1.75. 2-27
304.3.4
Fig. 304.3.4 .......................................
1-70
12-13
304.3.5 .........................................
3.4. 9.07. 10-14
304.5 ..................................
8-18
304.5.1 ..........................................
304.5.1 (b) ........................................
9-10
1.51. 3.2. 4.05. 5.05. 5.11. 6.09. 10.7. 10.11.
304.7.2
10.18. 12.09. 13.02. 13.03. 13.05. 13-11
1-16
304.7.4 ..........................................
3.8. 3-9
305.2 .........................................
1-38
305.2.1 ..........................................
6.01. 7-03
305.2.3 .....................................
12-16
306.4
306.4.2 .........................................
11-03
5-12
308.2.1 ..........................................
5-12
308.2.4 ..........................................
6.02. 6-05
31 1.2.4 .....................................
311.2.5 .........................................
10-04
9-07
312 .............................................
2-22
314.2.1 ..........................................
8.33. 11-16
Table 314.2.1
315.2 .............................................
3-6
3-6
315.3 .............................................
317.2 ............................................
1-17
8-13
318 .............................................
Table 319.3.6 .....................................
9-01
319.2.1 ..........................................
2-17
7.04. 7.05. 12.06. 18-13
319.2.3 .........................
319.3.1(b) .......................................
15-24
319.3.5 ..........................................
4-10
319.3.6 .................. 1.6. 1.7. 1.55. 2.24. 5.15. 13-05
319.4.1 ....................................
1.33. 13-14
319.4.4 .................................
1.71. 2.7. 2-24
1.16. 7-05
319.7 .......................................
321.1.1 ..........................................
6-07
1-49
321.1.4 ..........................................
17-24
322.3 ...........................................
10.10. 12-18
322.6.1 ...................................
1.32. 2.21. 2.29. 7.01. 12.04. 14-09
322.6.3
323.1.1 ...................................
8.19. 17-09R
323.1.2 ....... 1-1 1. 1.15. 1-48. 2.1. 6.06. 8.07. 8.19. 11.03.
15.04. 17.01. 17-08

.........

......................

.......

...........................................

...............................

...............

Cumulative Index .
831.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 8
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Subject

Subject

Reference

323.2 .............................................
3-9
1-13
323.2.1 ..........................................
15-12,15-25
323.2.2 ...................................
Fig 323.2.2 ......................................
14-08
Table 323.2.2 [Table 323.2.11 ......... 1-12,1-48, 1.65, 1.76.
2-19,3-8.4-01.4-15. 14-12, 15-11, 15-16. 18-12, 17-09R
323.2.4 ..........................................
6-06
323.3 .......................................
1.76. 5-13
323.3.2 .........................................
11-12
Table 323.3.1 rable 3232.21 .............. 1-12,1.76, 4-17,
5-19,5-21,8-29,10-2,11-12.15-23
8-30
323.3.4 ..........................................
2-9
323.3.5 ...........................................
323.4 ...........................................
15-03
10-01,10-19
323.4.2 ...................................
Table 323.3.5 .....................................
5-14
1-1 1. 1-51,2-3,8-07.8-34
Table 326.1
328 .......................................
7-02,12-12
328.1 ...........................................
12-07
328.2 I327.51 .........................
1-66,11-09.14-13
328.2.1 I327.5.1, 327.5.21 ................ 1-76.4-17.8-29
14-05
328.2.20
328.2.3 ...................................
15-19,18-08
13-01
328.4 ...........................................
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2 ...........................
12-10
328.4.3 .........................................
14-04
Fig 328.4.4 ..................................
8-28,9-08
328.5 1327.41 .....................................
5-09
328.5.1 I327.4.11 ..................................
5-17
328.5.2 [327.4.21 ............................
5-12,16-06
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig 327.4.21 ....... 1-28.5-12.6-02,6.05, 8-27,
15-08
328.5.4 r327.4.41 ......... 1-59,1-74.2-10,4-03,4-14,7-08,
8-13,10-04, 13-11
Fig 328.5.4 [Fig 327.4.41 ....... 1-59.1-74,4-03,4-16,7-08
328.6 ............................................
2-18
330 .............................................
8-21
330.1 ............................................
8-23
Table 330.1.1 .....................................
9-05
8-12
331 .............................................
331.1.1 ...............................
8-08, 9-05,14-01
Table 331.1.1 [Table 331.3.11 .......... 1-69,2-2,5.06, 8-24.
9-03.12-14,14-16, 17-01
8-05
331.1.2 ..........................................
331.1.3 (331.3.61 ........ 1-39,1-59.4-06,5-06,9-03,11-06,
14-01, 15-18. 17-21,17-13, 18-02
331.1.4 1331.1.21 ..................................
5-08
331.1.6 1331.3.41 ............................
5-08.16-09
1.78. 8-22
331.1.7 I331.3.21 .............................
16-04
331.2 ...........................................
1.39, 1-78
331.2.2 I331.1.11 .............................
8-05
331.3.4 ..........................................
8-05
331.3.7 ..........................................
332.1 ............................................
8-03
332.2 L329.11 ......................
1-23. 1-53,4.02. 8-20
16-08
332.2.2 .........................................
2-2
332.4 1329.3, 330-21 ................................
11-03.15-17
332.4.2 ...................................
335.1.1 ...................................
15-07.17-25
2-5
335.2 .............................................

....................

.......................................

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Reference

Subject

335.2.3 .........................................
17-20
1-26
340.2 I336.1.21 ...................................
340.3 [336.3]...............................
1.10. 10-03
1.31. 17-15
340.4 I336.21 ...............................
341 ......................................
10.16, 15-13
341.2 [336.1.1,336.1.31 ....... 1.10, 1.26. 1.27. 2.28, 10-03
341.3.1 [336.5] ...............................
1-64. 2-4
341.3.2 ..........................................
8-32
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.11 .....................
5.09, 13-16
Table 341.3.2 ...... 14.02, 14.07. 14.15. 16.07, 17.03. 17.22,
18-07
[Table 327.4.1Al ........... 1.1, 1.9, 1.14, 1-41,2.8. 5.04,
5-13, 5-16. 5-17. 5-18, 5.20, 6.04, 7-06
[Table 341.3.2Al ........... 8.32, 8.38, 9.04, 11.08. 11.14.
12.22. 13-16
341.3.3 .........................................
14-14
341.3.4 1336.5, 336.5.41 ......... 1.62. 2.25, 2.32, 3-5.3.14,
10.09. 10-12. 1 1.02. 1 1.04. 13-12. 16.01. 16.02, 16.05,
18-01
341.4 [336.5] ................ 1.24, 1-45. 3.12. 5.20. 11-01
341.4.1 [336.5.1]......... 1.10. 1.26. 1.27. 1.60, 2.12, 2.28.
3.7, 3.12, 4.12, 5.10, 8.02. 8.10, 8.26. 10.03, 10.17,
11.11, 11.14, 11.15. 18-14
341.4.2 ..........................................
8-38
341.4.3 ..........................................
8-10
341.5 ............................................
8-38
341.5.1 [336.6.11 ..............................
1-5, 3-12
342 ............................................
15-21
342.1 [336.4.1] ...................................
2-28
343 1336.4.11 .....................................
2-28
344 1336.41 ...........................
5.09, 16.13, 18-11
344.1 ...........................................
13-12
344.2 I336.4.21 ....... 2.28. 8.10. 8.26. 11.11. 15.21. 18-17
344.5 [336.4.5] .........................
1-1 O. 1.60, 2-12
344.6 [336.4.61 ...................................
1-60
344.6.2 .........................................
10-17
344.7 1336.4.71 ........................
2.28, 3.14, 12-01
344.7.1 .........................................
11-11
345 13371 .......... 1.2, 1.72, 2.31. 3.3, 8.31, 16.03, 17-30
345.1 [337.1] ............ 1.4, 1.30. 4.04, 6.08, 8.15. 12-21
8.31. 18-10
345.2.2 ....................................
345.2.3()........................................
17-28
345.2.4 [337.4.31 ..................................
1-35
1.2, 5-22
345.2.6 [337.1] ...............................
345.3 f337.31 ......................
2.6, 3.10, 5.02, 12-03
345.4 ............................................
8-04
12-19
345.4.1 .........................................
345.4.2 [337.4.1]......... 1.35. 1.61, 1.63. 2.23. 4.04. 9.09.
13.13, 18-03
1-63
345.4.3 (337.4.21 ..................................
345.5 1337-4.41 ............. 1.35, 1-43. 6.08. 11.07, 13-06
11-19
345.5.2 .........................................
345.5.4 .........................................
12-02
345.7 (337.5.21 ...................................
1-36
1.25. 3.10, 17-02
345.8 1337.61 ..........................
345.9 f337.5.11 ........ 4.09. 5.07, 6.08, 8.15. 10.15, 12.01,
12.21. 15.02. 17.05. 17-1O. 18-15
8-14
A304 ............................................
A304.1.1 ..................................
14.17. 14-18
A304.5.1 .........................................
1-67

631.3 Interpretations Vols 1-1 8


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Subject

Reference

13-08
A304.7.2 ........................................
A305 ...........................................
11-17
8-33
A314 ............................................
A322.6 .........................................
17-29
10.06. 11-18
A323.4.2 ..................................
7-09
A327.2.4 .........................................
10-8
A328.2(a) ........................................
8.14. 18-05
A328.2.1 ...................................
17-06
A328.2.5 ........................................
8.14. 10.08, 13-08
A328.5 ..............................
17-16
K300(a) .........................................
11.21. 14-11
K304.1.2
17-19
K314.2 ..........................................
7-07
K315 ............................................
K322.3 ...........................................
7-07
17-27
K328.2.1 (a) ......................................
8-37
Fig. K328.5.4 .....................................
12-15
M305.1 .........................................
8-35
M307.2 ..........................................
2.13, 3.6
M322.3 ......................................
3-7
M323.1.3 .........................................
2-13
M326 ............................................
3-6
M335.4 (M335.5, M335.61 ...........................
1.24. 1-45
M341.4 IM336.51 .............................
2.28. 3-7
M341.4.1 iM336.5.11 ...........................
6-08
M345.1 ..........................................

Reference

MA306.5 .........................................
9-02
MA323.4 .........................................
9-02
8-35
MA323.4.2 .......................................
Appendix A Notes (No equivalent) [(14)1 ............... 2-20
Note (17) .......................................
4-18
1-77
Note (20) [(30)] ..................................
1-58
Note (57) [(2)1 ...................................
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table 11 .......... 1.13. 1.18. 1.29. 1.38, 1-48.
1.77. 2.1. 3.8. 3.9. 3.13. 4.12. 4.13. 6.01. 6.06. 7.03.
8-1 1. 8-18. 8.25. 8.34. 8.36. 11-1 3. 12.09. 15-01
7-03
Table A-16 [Table 11 .............. 1.78. 2.20.4.18.
Appendix D .......... 1.6. 1.7. 1.34. 1.46. 1.55. 1.56. 1.71.
2.7. 2.24. 4-1 6. 5.01. 5.15. 6.06. 12.08. 12-1 1.
12-17. 13.05. 18-18
Appendix E [Appendix KI ......................
1.44. 5-10
1-29
Appendix F F323.21 ...............................
5-12
Appendix G ......................................
8.06. 11-10
Appendix H ................................
Appendix j ........................
1.28. 1.54. 1.75. 5-04
Appendix M .................................
6.01. 8-09
17-17
Appendix V ......................................
12-23
Appendix X. X3.1.3 ...............................
13-09
Appendix X. X3.2.2 ...............................
Appendix X. X302.2.3 .............................
15-22
Case 137 ..........................................
3-1
1-51
Case 141 .........................................

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..................................

Subject

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Interpretation No

Subjed

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests
weld
1.1.

.......................................
............ 1.9. 1.14. 1-41. 2.8. 5.09. 5.13.

1-2
5.17.
5.18. 5.20. 6.04. 7.06. 8.32. 12.22. 13.16.
14.02. 14-07

Allowable Loads ...................................

...................................
...................................

..............................

Alternative Tests ...........................


Authorized Inspector

13-04

................. see Owner's Inspector

.........................................

Bending

.........................

13-09

4.02. 8.03. 15.17. 16-08

Bends
corrugated
miter
reduction of outside diameter

........................................
1-23
................................... see Miter Bends
........................ 8-20

Bonding Qualification Test


hot gas welded ....................................
8-14
minimum burst pressure
7.09. 8-14
procedure specifications for plastic piping ............. 10-08
requirements .....................................
18-05
solvent cement ....................................
8-14

........................

Bonds
heat fusion .......................................
hot gas welded ....................................
test assembly ......................................

............................

Branch Connections
extruded outlets .........................

........................

13.11. 17-26
Brazed joints
for flammable service
Buckles

...............................

.....................................

Cast Irons
specific requirements

1-17

1.23. 1-53

..............................

10-01

Category D Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for ..........................
1-36
limitations ...................................
4-13. 5-03
radiographic examination ...........................
8-38

see Leak Tests

Bellows

Bolting Materials

Branch Connections (Cont'd)


flexibility analysis ..................................
9-01
integrally reinforced fining .....................
4.05. 1 1 -1 0
projection into run pipe
8.28. 9-03
reinforcement ........ 8.06. 8.37. 12.05. 12-13. 14-1O. 1 5-05
weld requirements ....... 2.10. 4.03. 4.14. 7.02. 7.08. 10.04.

14-06

Allowable Stresses .................................


4-12
bases for .............. 1.18. 3.13. 8-11. 8.25. 10.13. 15-01
for ASTMA 312 ...................................
1-29
for ASTM A 351 ..................................
11-13
for ASTM A 387
8-25
for ASTMA 570
1-38
for ASTM A 587 ...................................
1-13
for ASTM A 671 ...................................
1-48
for ASTM 8 464 ...................................
8-11
for austenitic stainless steels .........................
3-13
Alterations of Piping

Interpretation No.

Subject

8-14
8-14
7-09

4.15. 17-20

1.37. 2.27. 6-09

Category M Fluid Service


clarification of term ...........................
1.73. 9-02
double contained piping ............................
8-35
leak test ..........................................
6-08
liquid oxygen .....................................
8-09
requirements ...........................
8.35. 9.02. 12-15
tubing size limitations ..............................
2-13
"very small quantity" ...............................
1-40
Code Coverage
831.3 versus 831.4 ...........................
1-47. 7-10
fired heaters .....................................
15-09
general hydrocarbon service .........................
6-01
in-line sensing devices ..............................
8-01
intent ...........................................
16-12
new and replacement piping ................... 5-22.12-21
offshore platform ..................................
8-17
oil heating system ..................................
4-19
radioactive fluids .................................
12-20
synfuel plant piping ...........................
1-52.2-26
tobacco plant piping ................................
3-1
Components (see also Fittings. Flanges. Standard Components.
Unlisted and Valves)
certification ........................
1.26. 3.7. 5.10. 13-10
defining .........................................
17-23
design conditions ...................................
2-3
fabricated or flared laps ......................
1 1.03. 12-16
in-line sensing devices ..............................
8-01
Cumulative Index .
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SUBJECT INDEX

Interpretation No.

Subject

Components (see also Fittings. Flanges. Standard Components.


Unlisted and Valves) (Contd)
referenced standards ..........................
1-44. 5-1O
Compressors
internal piping

.....................................

Corrugated Bends
Cyclic loading

.................................

..............................

1-23

5-12. 17-04

....

Earthquake

2.06.

.................................

Empty System
transportation

18-13

see Seismic

.....................................

9-06

Examination
acceptance criteria ................................
16-07
1.24. 5-1 8. 11-01
extent of ..............................
3-14. 11-15
in-process ..................................
liquid penetrant ........... see Liquid Penetrant Examination
progressive
see Progressive Examination
radiographic ................. see Radiographic Examination
random
1.27. 145. 1.62. 2.12. 2.32. 4-1 2. 11-1 5
11-11
records .........................................
1.24. 1.60. 6.04. 11-14. 11-15. 15-13. 15-2 1. 18-14
required
severe cyclic conditions ......................
10-17. 11-14
Spot .............................................
1-62
16.13. 18-11
types .....................................
visual .............................
see Visual Examination
see Ultrasonic Examination
ultrasonic ......................

....................

...........

..

Exclusions
for compressors and internal piping ....................
for interconnecting piping ...........................
listed in scope .....................................
Expansion Joints .......................

1-8
1-19
10-5

1-16. 12.23. 13-09

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of .............................
1.21. 1-70
tees considered as .................................
1-55
Extruded Welded Tee

Fatigue

..............................

.........................................

Fillet Weld
internal. slip-on flange ..............................
pressure containing ................................
size .............................................
use ..............................................
1.7.
616.9 ........................................
conforming to two grades ...........................
flared. flareless. or compression types ............ 3.6.
MSS SP-75 .......................................

Flammable Service .................................

5.01
8-18
12-16
1-11
1-17

Flanges
assembly ..........................................
2-5
design ...................................
1.67. 3-4. 9-7
9-10
general ..........................................
4-05
long welding neck .................................
slip-on ......................................
5.12. 8-27
1-51
use of aluminum ...................................
9-07
use of raised and flat face metallic ....................
Flexibility Analysis
branch connections ................................
9-01
1-33
exemptions from ...................................
13.05. 13-14
qualification ...............................
thermal expansion data ............................
15-24
Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run diameters .....................
1-56
for a tee ................................
1.55. 1.56. 5-01
for components not listed in Appendix D ......... 1.55. 2-24
Flexibility Factors
basis for ..........................................
1-56
for 61 6-9 tee ...........................
1.7. 12.08. 12-17
for fabricated intersections .................. 1.6. 4-1 6. 5-15
for pressure piping components .....................
13-05
for welded elbows ..................................
1-6
Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon ...............................
6-01
requirements. metallic ........... 11.16. 12.15. 12.16. 15-03
11-17. 11-1 8
requirements. nonmetallic ....................
responsibility for categorizing ................... 4.08. 8-09
Graphitization
temperature relative to onset

.........................

Hardness
limitations on ......................................
records ..........................................
testing ..........................................
Heat Fasion Joints

................................

1-58

2-2
8-22
15-20
13-08

5-01

18-09

Heat Treatment
cooling rate .......................................
for austenitic stainless steel ..........................

631.3 InterpretationsVols. 1-1 8


Cumulative index .
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8-27
8-13
1-74
104

Fittings

1-8

Design (see also Pressure Design)


additional design considerations .................
12-13
conditions ...................................
...... 2-3
for stainless bellows ...........................
. . . . 12-23
Lame theory ................................
..... 1-57
minimum temperature ........................
.... 10-02
Displacement Stress ............... 2.14. 2.24.

Interpretation No.

Subject

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1-69
1-65

Heat Treatment (Cont'd)


for bending and forming
2-2
11-03
for flared laps
for valve parts
8-12
governing thickness ........... 1.39. 1.59. 4.06. 5.06. 11-06
heating rate .......................................
1-69
5.08. 8-05
local
monitoring
5.08. 8-05
8-08. 8.21. 8.23. 8.24. 9.03. 9.05. 12.14.
requirements
14.01. 14-16. 15-18. 18-04
SP-1 through SP-5 .................................
8-24
1.64. 2-4
when radiography is required ....................

.............................
....................................
.....................................

.......................................
..................................
.......

Hydrostatic Tests

..........................

s e e Leak Tests

Impact Tests
absorbed energy data
alternative methods
base metal
exclusions from
heat treatment required
in qualifying procedures
of aluminum filler metals
of austenitic stainless steel
of bolting materials
of the heat-affected zone
of weldments
requirements
temperature limitation

................................ 2-9
................................ 8-30
............................ 4.01. 11.12. 18-12
.........................
1.76. 5-14. 8-30
............................. 5-19
............................ 8-29
............................ 2-19
........................... 1-65
.................................
4-1 5
....................... 1.76. 5-21
......................
1-12. 1.65. 1.76. 5-21
............................... 15.23. 7 7-09
................... 5.14. 8.30. 14-12

Imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)


concave root surface
determination of
lack of fusion
porosity
1.9. 5.13.
slag inclusion
tungsten inclusions
undercutting
1.14.

...........................
1.1.
...................................
.....................................
............................
5.16.
.....................................
............................. 1.9.
.............................
2.8.

Installed Piping

....................................

Instrument Piping

.............................

Internal Piping, Equipment

6-04
8-32
5-09
5-20
5-20
5-1 7
6-04

...............................

..................................
...............................

(9
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.....................................

1-6

leak Tests
acceptance criteria ......................
1.2. 15.22. 16-03
alternative ....... 4.09. 5.07. 6.08. 8.15. 12.01. 12.21. 17.05.
17.10. 18-15
as nondestructive examination .......................
8-31
1-36
for Category D fluid service ..........................
2-31
for system designed for O psi .........................
isolation of test pump ................................
1-2
1-4
leakage ...........................................
minimum hydrostatic test pressure ............... 2.23. 4-04
1-2
minor repairs and additions ...........................
1-72
of discharge piping .................................
of newly constructed systems .......... 1-4. 5.02. 5.22. 8-15
of piping and vessel ................................
1-63
3-3
of piping connecting equipment .......................
of replacement piping ........................
5.22. 12-21
2.6. 3.10. 5-23
painting before test ........................
personnel qualification ..............................
8-31
pneumatic test ................. 11.07. 11.19. 12.02. 13-06
preparation for ................ 2.6. 3.10. 5.02. 5.23. 12-03
reduced pressure (hydrostatic test) ......... 1.61. 2.23. 13-13
8-1 5. 13-13
requirements ................................
1.25. 17-02
sensitive ...................................
1.35. 1-43
temperature correction for ......................
test fluid ........................................
12-19
test pressure .....................................
12-04
lethal Substance

..................................

1-73

limitations
on hardness ........................................
2-2
on imperfections .........................
see Imperfections
2.13, 3-6
on tubing size .................................
liquid Penetrant Examination
requirements .....................................
low Temperature Requirements

............

11-14

see Impact Tests

Materials
API 5L
1.78. 2-4. 3.9. 3.11. 6.01.
API 5LX .....................................
2.4.
ASTMA234 ......................................
ASTM A 312 ............................
1.29, 1.77,
ASTM A 351 .....................................
ASTMA 387 ......................................
1.77.
ASTMA403 .................................
ASTM A 4 8 7 ......................................
ASTMA537 .......................................
ASTM A 570 ......................................
ASTMA 587 ......................................
ASTMA633 ......................................
ASTMA658 .......................................
ASTM A 671 ......................................
ASTM 6 241 ......................................
ASTMB 337
ASTM 6 464 ......................................

.....................

1-8

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234. ASTM A 312. ASTM A 403 ........... 2-20
for branch connections .............................
8-06
for circumferential welds ............................
1-42
for longitudinal and spiral welds ...... 1.78. 3-1 1. 8.06. 7-14
joints
alignment .................................
15.07.
circumferential bends
exposed during test ............................
2.6.
instrument tubing
special ...........................................
tapered pipe thread
11-16.
threaded ..................................

lateral Fittings

1-30

7.07. 8-01

...........................

Interpretation No .

Subject

7-25
5-1 1
3-1 O
7-07
8-13
16-15
17-19

......................................

6-06
11.05
2-20
2-20
11-13
8-25
2.20
8-07
2-1
1-38
1-13
1-11
3-8
1-48
'2-19
4-18
8-11

Cumulative Index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-18

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Interpretation No .

Subject

Materials (Contd)
austenitic stainless steels ............................
3-1 3
bases for design stresses
11-05
5-1O. 8.02. 13-1O
certification ............................
conforming to two grades ......................
8-1 8. 8-34
17.09R. 17-1 1
listed ....................................
2-22
notch sensitive ....................................
reidentification ....................................
8-19
toughness requirements .............................
5-1 9
unlisted material .......... 11.05. 11.20. 15.04. 17.01. 17-08

............................

Miter Bends
pressure design of

.............................

1.22. 5-1 1

Near Straight Sawtooth Runs


explanation of .....................................

1-33

...............................................
1-54
...............................................
1-28
...............................................
1-75
Tw .........................................
5-04, 5-16

T
t

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements ....................
11-17. 11-1 8
8-35
in Category M Fluid Service .........................
7.09. 8-14
joint requirements ............................
pressure design .............................
14-17. 14-18

Occasional Variations
(Pressure/Temperature Allowances)
loads .............................
Owner
responsibilites

2-22

........

1.3. 2-1 4. 4-1 1


1.50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17

...........................

1.26. 2.30.

Owners Inspector
qualifications of ...................................
responsibilitiesof ..................................

Pipe Supports (Contd)


longitudinal stress effects ............................
use of plastic ......................................

7-05
1-49

Plastic
lined pipe .
use of screwed flanges
pipe supports .....................................

1-49

................... 8-33

Pneumatic Tests

...........................

Positions
qualification of welding

5-22

1-31
1-26

Preheat

see Leak Tests

.............................

Postweld Heat Treatment

Nomenclature

Notch Sensitive
materials .........................................

Interpretation No.

Subject

............... see Heat Treatment

..............................

see Heat Treatment

Pressure Design
allowance
17-12
3-4
for elevated temperatures
in the high pressure range
1.68. 17-16
of extruded headers
1.21. 1-70
of flanges and blanks
10.14. 13-15
of miter bends .....................................
1-21
of nonmetallic piping components
14-17. 14-18
1.42. 1.54. 1.57. 1.68. 1.70. 2.11. 11.21. 13.07.
of pipe
15.06. 15-1O. 17-06
16-14. 16-18
of listed components
of unlisted components ................ 13.02. 13.03. 13-05
8.04. 13-15
of valves ...................................

.......................................
.............................
.....................
...........................
........................

.............

......

........................

Pressure Rating
valve ............................................
variations .........................................

Pipe Supports
configurations

.....................................

6-07

............................ 2.21. 2-29


.......... 11.07. 11-19. 12.04. 14.09. 18-03
.....................................
17-29
................................ 1.32. 7.01. 12-04
................................
10-1O. 12-18

Pressure Surges
loads due to

Pressure-Temperature Rating
Pressure Test

................... 5.05.

..............................

1-50
8-34

see Leak Test

........

Progressive Examination
1.5. 1.62. 3.5. 10.09. 10-1O.
10-12. 11.02. 11.04. 13-12. 16.01. 16.02. 16.05. 18-01
Published Specification

.............................

1-15

Radiographic Examination
5-09
100% ............................................
as supplementary examination .......................
8-38
random radiography ....... 1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2.12. 2.32. 3-12

Cumulative Index .
831.3 InterpretationsVols . 1-1 8
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8-04
4-11

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices
and test pressure
requirements
setting
stop valves

......................................

Pipe
alterations of existing pipe ....................
...... 13-04
curved and mitred segments .................. 15.14. 18-06
elbowless .................................
....... 8-03
in corroded condition .......................
....... 2-15
instrument .................................
...... 17-24
made from plate ............................
. . 1.48. 8-36
of noncircular cross section .................... . . . . . . . 3-2
pressure design .............................
13.07. 14-09
pressure testing .............................
....... 9-09
spiral welded ..............................
....... 7-03
straight. under internal pressure ......... 10-20. 11.21. 14-11

1-66

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Interpretation No.

Interpretation No.

Subject

Radiographic Examination (Contd)


........... 1-10
records ...............................
1-01. 11.05, 12-03
requirements ....................
6.04.
........... 2-25
selection of welds for examination
...... 1.62. 3-12
spot radiography .......................
when PWHT is required ................. ....... 1.64. 2-4

........

Records
5-1O. 8.02.
certification ............................
for radiographic examination .........................
of examinations ..................................
of hardness tests ...................................
retention of .......................................
Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld ..............................
clarification of terms .........................
limitsof .....................................
Repairs
to welds

10-03
1-1O
11-1 1
8-22
1-1O

4.03. 7-08
1.37. 1 1-1O
2.27. 9-04

.........................................

2-18

Responsibility
designer .........................................
10-1 1
rights of owners inspection ................... 10.03. 17-1 5

Safeguarding
Scope

......................................

...............................

5-12

see Code Coverage

Seismic loads .....................................


stresses due to .....................................

4-07
2-1 7

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading .....................................
large rapid temperature change .......................
spiral welded pipe .................................

5-12
8-09
7-03

........................

1-33

Simplified Flexibility Analysis

Standard Components
manufacturers markings .........................
3.7. 8-02
valves .................................
5.05. 8.04. 8-07
Standards
compliance
superseded

.......................................
.......................................

Stresses (see also Allowable Stresses)


displacement stress range .....................
7.04.
due to cold spring .................................
due to occasional loads .............................
due to pressure surges ..............................
due to seismic loads ................................
due to sustained loads ................. 15-15. 16.04.
due to thermal gradients .............................
longitudinal .............. 1.20. 1.50. 2.15. 2.24. 4.10,
6-03R (VOI. 7). 6.07. 7.05. 8-1 6. 17-18.

Interpretation No.

Subject

Stresses (Contd)
reduction factors ..................................

Stress Intensification Factors


application of ................... 1.34. 2.24. 6-03R (Vol 7)
1-56
basis for ..........................................
2-7
branch connections ........... .....................
1-7
for B 16.9 tees ................ .....................
1.6. 5-15
for fabricated intersections
for tees ............... 1-46. .55. 1.71. 5.01. 12.08. 12-17
13-05
for unlisted components ........
for welded elbows ............ ............... 1.6. 12-11

...... ................

...................

Temperature
allowance .......................................
17-12
bending .........................................
16-08
design minimum temperature ..... 10.02. 14.08. 14-12. 15-1 1.
15.16. 17-07
8-09
large changes .....................................
4.13. 5.14. 15.12. 15-25
limitations .......................
4-11
reduction .........................................
verification ......................................
16-09
variation in elevated temperature service .............. 17-17
Thermoplastic Piping
neat fusion joints .................................
solvent cemented joints .............................
specific requirements ..............................

12-06
8-1 6
2-1 6
1-50
2-1 7
16-1 1
3-4
4.12.
18-16

13-08
10-8
10-06

Tubing
category M fluid service ............................
16-17
joints ............................................
7-07
limitations ....................................
2.13. 3-6
Thickness Allowances
governing ...........................

17-13. 17-2 1. 18-02


1-20
in stress calculations
welding tee ......................................
18-18

...............................

Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography ............................
requirements .....................................
Unlisted
components

5-10
1-44

16-10

11-05
10-17

....

1.6. 1.51. 3.6. 4.05. 5.05. 8.7. 10.18. 10.11.


10.07. 12.09. 13.02. 13.03. 13-05
see Materials
materials ..................................

Valves
Category M Fluid Service ............................
Flanged Bail Valves ...............................
8.07.
materials ...................................
pressure build up ..................................
ratings ...........................................
Visual Examination
internal ...............................
2.28.
requirements ....................

8-35
16-16
15-26
8-04
5-05

8.10. 8.26. 13-16


10.03. 13-16. 18-17

831.3 InterpretationsVols 1-18


Cumulative Index .
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Interpretation No.

Washers. Use of

....................................

2-5

Weld
acceptance criteria ....................
17.03. 17.22. 18-07
bevels ..........................................
12-10
definition ........................................
14-03
examination of welds ...... 10-15. 11.01. 1 1-1 4. 13-16. 14-14.
14-15. 15-02
fillet size .............................
1.74. 10-19. 16-06
for branch connections ........ 2-1 O. 4.03. 4.14. 8.37. 1 1-1O
imperfections .....................
see Acceptance Criteria
longitudinal .............................
2.20. 3-11. 4-1 8
of valves ........................................
12-12
preparation for welding ......................
13.01. 14-04

Subject

Interpretation No

qualification of position .............................


1-66
reinforcement ...............................
7.08. 1 1-08
repair ............................................
2-18
socket ....................
6.02. 6.05. 10.19. 15.08. 16-06
spacing of
7-02

........................................

Welder Qualification
by others ..................................
15-19. 18-08
requirements .....................................
17-27
Welding Procedure
qualification of ...... 1.12. 1.65. 1.66. 1.76. 4.17. 8.23. 8.29.
11.09. 14.05. 14-13
responsibility ...............................
12.07. 12-12
specification .................................
8.21. 8-22

Cumulative index .
631.3 InterpretationsVols. 1-1 8

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A3799B

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111 0757670 0637653 bL7 IBI

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 17
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1,198 Through November 31, 1W
General Information

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3 as part
of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in chronological

order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the interpretation, or if none is
stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent
revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and editorial
corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the interpretation
revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply bearing the original
interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional information
is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons aggrieved by
an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the
Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve, certify. rate, or endorse
any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the 8 31 Committee, refer to Appendix Z.
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Code Reference and Subject Indexes


L

Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1 up to
and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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H 0759670 0637652 5 T 3

B31.3
Suhjeci
.

Appendix V Allowable Variation in Elevated Temperature Service.................


Para. 3OI.2. Deiiiiing Piping Components......................................
Para. 301.3, Design Teinperatures ............................................
Para. 302.2.2, Listcd Components Not Having Specitic Ratings ....................
Paru. 302.2.4. Allowances for Pressure and Temperature Variation..................
Para. 302.3.5(c), Longitudinal Stress ..........................................
Para. 302.3.5(d). Limits of Calculation Stresses Due to Susiained Loads
and Displacement Strains..................................................
Pura. 304.3.3. Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections......................
Para. 322.3. Insirumcnt Piping ...............................................
Para. 323.1. I , Listed Materials ...............................................
Para. 323.I .2, Unlistcd Materials and Unlisted Components for Metallic
Piping Lincd With Nonmetals .............................................
Para . 323.1.2. Unlisted Materials .............................................
Para. 331.1.3, Governing Thickness...........................................
.........................
Paru. 331.1.3. Gverning Thickness..............
Para. 335. I .I(c) Alignment of Flanged Joints...................................
Paru. 335.2.3. Bolt Length ..................................................
Para. 340.4, Qualification of the Owner's Inspector ..............................
Para. 345 Tcsiing .........................................................
Para . 345.2.3c). Special Provisions for Testing of Closure Welds ..................
Pira . 345.8(h), Scnsiiive Leak Test ...........................................
Para . 345.9. I(a). Alternative Leak Test Examination of Welds .....................
Pdra. 345.9.1(h). Alternative k i k Test Examination of Welds .....................
Para. A322.6. Pressure Relieving Devices ......................................
Para. A328.2.5(b)( I ). Qualification Test Pressure................................
Para. K3OO(a) Applicability of High Pressure Piping............................
:
Para. K314.2. Special Threaded Joints .........................................
Para. K328.2. I(a). Welding Qualification Requirements............................
Tahle 302.3.4. Longitudinal Weld Joint Quality Factor ...........................
Tahle 341.3.2, Accepiance Criteria for Welds ...................................
Tahle 341.3.2, Accepiance Criteria for Welds ...................................

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Interpretation

File No.

17-17
17-23
17-07
17-1 I
17-12
17-18
17-04

8 3 1-98-026
8 1-99-0
3 1 2
831-98-006
B 1-98-0
3 1 7
B31-98-019A
B3 1-99-004
8 3 1-97-048 '

17-26
17-24
17-09
17-08

B3 1-99-022
8 3 1-99-013
8 3 1-98-009
8 3 1-98-08

17-0I
17-13
17-2 I
17-25
17-20
17-15
17-30
17-28
17-02
17-10
17-05
17-29

8 3 1-97-044
B3 1-98-020
B 1-99-01
3 0
B3 1-99-030
8 3 1-99-009
B3 1-98-023
8 3 1-99-028
B3 1-99-025
B3 1-97446
B31-98-01 1
B3 1-97-049
B3 1-99-027
8 1-98-00
3
1
B3 1-98425
B3 1-99-08
B3 1-99-024
B31-98-022
831-99-011
8 3 1-97-047

17-06

17-16
17-19
17-27
17-14
17-22
17-03

199
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831.3 Interpretations No. 17

17-01, 17-02, 17-03

Interpretation: 17-01

Subject: ASME B3 I .3b- I997 Addenda, Para. 323. I .2, Unlisted Materials
Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-97-044
Question (i): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3b- 1997, does Table 30.1.1 apply to materials that are
not listed in Table A-I but are listed in ASME BPVC Section IX?
Reply (i): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3b- 1997, does Table 33 I . I . 1 apply to materials that are
not listed in Table A-I but are listed in ASME BPVC Section IX?
Reply (2): Yes, unless the provisions of para. 33 I .2.2 are satisfied.

Interpretation: 17-02

Subject: ASME B3 I .3b-1997 Addenda, Para. 345.8(b), Sensitive Leak Test


Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-97-046
Question: in accordance with ASME B3 I .3b-1997, para. 345.8(b), must the test pressure for a sensitive
leak test be greater than 15 psi?
Reply: No.
Interpretation: 17-03

Subject: ASME B3 1.3b-I997 Addenda, Table 341.3.2, Acceptance Criteria for Welds
Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-97-047
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, Table 341.3.2, is the maximum allowable height of
reinforcement or internal protrusion, in any plane through the weld, listed in "L" for each face of the weld?

20 I
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Reply: Yes. See also Interpretation 9-04.

Ii..

. *q&

'

'

.-

0757670 ObL7b54 37b

m8

831.3 Interpretations No. 17

17-04, 17-05, 17-06

Interpretation: 17-04

Subject: ASME B3 I .3b-1997 Addenda, Para. 302.3.5(d), Limits of Calculation Stresses Due to Sustained
Loads and Displacement Strains
Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1 -97-048
Question ( 1 ): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3b- 1997, para. 302.3.5(d), may the number of cycles, Ni,
in Equation (Id) exceed 2,000,000 cycles?
Reply ( 1 ): Yes; however, see also Note ( 5 ) of Equation (IC)for limits on the equivalent number of full
displacement cycles, N.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, para. 302.3.5(d), Equation (Id), is it required to
combine thermal displacement cycles with displacement cycles due to other conditions such as wave motion.
Reply (2): Yes.
Interpretation: 17-05

Subject: ASME B3 1 .3- I996 Edition, Para. 345.9. 1 (b), Alternative Leak Test Examination of Welds
Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-97-049
Question: in accordance with ASME 83 1.3- I996 Edition, para. 345.9.I(b), may the liquid penetrant
method be used to examine a weld on a magnetic material?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 17-06

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- I996 Edition; Para. A328.2.5(b)( i), Qualification Test Pressure
Date issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-98-O0 I
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, can the pressure design thickness be used
instead of the nominal thickness in Equation (27) of para. A328.2.5(b)( i), to calculate the qualification
pressure'?
Reply: No.

202
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0757670 ObL7655 202 6

B31.3 Interpretations

No. 17

17-07, 17-08, 17-09

Interpretation: 17-07

Subject: ASME B3 I .3b-1997 Addenda; Para. 301.3, Design Temperatures


Date issued: May 19. 1998
File: B3 1-98-006
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3b-1997, para. 301.3, should fire case temperature or pressures
be considered to satisfy the requirements of para. 301.2, in establishing the design conditions of piping
that may be exposed to an accidental fire?
Reply: The Code does not require the consideration of accidental fire cases when establishing the piping
design conditions, except as required to meet the pressure relief requirements of para. 322.6.3. See also
para. 300(c)(5).

Interpretation: 17-08

Subject: ASME B3 i .3-1996 Edition, Para. 323.1.2, Unlisted Materials and Unlisted Components for Metallic
Piping Lined With Nonmetals
Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-98-008
Question ( I ) : in accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, may unlisted metallic materials be used
in the manufacture of metallic piping components lined with non-metals?
Reply (i): Yes. See para. A323.1.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 i .3-1996 Edition, may pressure containing metallic piping
components (lined with non-metals), not manufactured in accordance with a listed standard and for which
the rules in para. 304 (other than para. 304.7.2) do not apply, be qualified for use under this Code?
Reply (2): Yes. See paras. A300(d) and 304.7.2.
Interpretation: 17-09

Subject: ASME B3 1.3b- 1997 Addenda, Para. 323. i. I, Listed Materials


Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-98-009
Question ( I ) : In accordance with ASME B3 I .3b- 1997, are classes 12, 13, 22, and 23 of ASTM A 67 I,
A 672, and A 691 the only listed materials in the Code for these specifications?
Reply (i): Yes.
Question (2): Is it a requirement that listed pipe and tube materials in ASME B31.3 be hydrotested by
the manufacturer?

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Reply (2): Yes. See the requirements of the listed specifications and Note (76) of Appendix A.

. 831.3

17-10. 17-11, 17-12

Interpretations No. 17

Interpretation: 17-10

Subject: ASME B3 I .3b- 1997 Addenda, Para, 345.9. i(a), Alternative Leak Test Examination of Welds
Date Issued: May 19, 1998
File: B3 1-98-0I I
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 I .3b- 1997, para. 345.9. I (a), is 100% UT examination an acceptable substitute for 100% radiography?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 17-11

Subject: ASME B3 1.3b-I997 Addenda, Para. 302.2.2, Listed Components Not Having Specific Ratings

Date issued: November I I , I998


File: B31-98-017
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, if a fitting is manufactured to ASME B16.9 and a
listed material specification that includes a reference to Note (16) of Appendix A, may the user establish
the pressure-temperature rating in accordance with para. 302.2.2, without applying a weld joint quality
Factor in accordance with para. 302.3.4?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 17-12

Subject: ASME B3 I .3b- 1997 Addenda, Para. 302.2.4, Allowances for Pressure and Temperature Variation
Date Issued: November 1 I , I998
File: B3 I -98-019A
Question ( I ) : In accordance with ASME B3 I .3b- 1997,para. 302.2.4, are the ailowable variations permitted
in this paragraph only applicable when the increased pressure is less than or equal to the test pressure used
in accordance with para. 345'?
Reply (I): Yes.
Question (2): When establishing the maximum allowable relieving pressure permitted in accordance with
para. 322.6.3(c), may the test pressure used in accordance with para. 345 be exceeded?
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply (2): Yes, provided the maximum relieving pressure requirements of ASME BPVC Section VIII,
Division 1 are met?

204
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831.3 Interpretations No. 17

17-13, 17-14

Interpretation: 17-13

Subject: ASME 83 I .3b- I997 Addenda, Para. 33 I . 1.3, Governing Thickness


Date Issued: November I I , 1998
File: B31-98-020
Background (Question ( I )I: An integrally-reinforced branch connection fitting is welded externally to a
pipe that has a wall thicker than the minimum material thickness requiring PWHT, and the branch pipe
has a wall thickness thinner than the minimum material thickness requiring PWHT.
Question (la): In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, does the thickness of the branch pipe attiched
to the branch connection fitting have any effect on whether the weld between the branch connection and
the main pipe requires PWHT?

Reply ( I a): No.


Question ( I b): Does the weld throat thickness between the branch connection fitting and main pipe have
any effect on whether this joint requires PWHT?
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply ( I b): Yes. See para. 33 I . 1.3(a).


Question (IC):Does the thickness of the branch connection fitting have any effect on whether this joint
requires PWHT?
Reply (IC): NO. See para. 33 I . 1.3(a).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, para. 331.1.3, if the header has a wall thickness
less than the minimum material thickness requiring PWHT, would the deciding factor for carrying out
PWHT be whether the throat thickness of the joint is greater than twice the minimum material thickness
requiring PWHT?
Reply (2): Yes.
Interpretation: 17-14

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- 1993 Edition, Table 302.3.4, Longitudinal Weld Joint Quality Factor
Date Issued: November 1 I , 1998
File: B3 1-98-022
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, is it permissible to increase Ei for ASTM
A 3 I2 EFW pipe to 1 .o0by IoO% radiography?
Reply: Yes. See Table 302.3.4.

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831.3 Interpretations NO. 17

17-15, 17-16

Interpretation: 17-15

Subject: ASME B3 I .3b-1997 Addenda, Para. 340.4, Qualification of the Owner's Inspector
Date Issued: November 1 I , I998
File: B3 1-98-023
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, may the owner's inspector and the installing contractor's examiner both be employed by the same organization'?
Reply: Yes, provided all requirements of para. 340.4 are met.

Interpretation: 17-16

Subject: ASME B31.3b-1997 Addenda, Para. K300(a), Applicability of High Pressure Piping
Date Issued: November i 1, 1998
File: B3 1-98-025
Question ( I ) : In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, para. K300(a), is it mandatory that the owner of
a piping system designate it as being in High Pressure Fluid Service in accordance with Chapter IX when
the system pressure exceeds that allowed by ASME B 16.5, PN 420 (Class 2500) rating?
Reply (I): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, para. K300(a), can piping be designated by the
owner as being in High Pressure Fluid Service in accordance with Chapter IX and be designed to Chapter
IX, even if this results in a wall thickness that is less than that required by design in accordance with
Chapters I through VI'?
Reply (2): Yes; however, when piping is so designated, Chapter IX shall be applied in its entirety.

206
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831.3 Interpretations No. 17

17-17, 17-18

Interpretation: 17-17

Subject: ASME B3 1.3b-I997 Addenda, Appendix V, Allowable Variation in Elevated Temperature Service
Date Issued: November 1 I , I998
File: B3 1-98-026
Question ( I ) : in accordance with ASME B3 I .3b-1997, when evaluating variations in elevated temperature
service in accordance with Appendix V, must the design temperature established in accordance with para.
301.3 be high enough such that the corresponding allowable stress value in Table A-1 is based on creep
criteria?
Reply (I): No; however, if the maximum temperature experienced during the variations is where the
creep properties control design, Appendix V applies. Note that the word design in para. V302(c) does
not apply and will be deleted by errata from a future edition of the Code.
Question (2): When some varying conditions are below the creep range and some are in the creep range,
does ASME B31.3b-1997, Appendix V require that conditions below the creep range be included in the
calculation of the usage factor in accordance with para. V303.27
Reply (2): No. See para. V302(c).
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3b-1997, when determining if Table A-1 allowable stress
values are based upon creep criteria, may the maximum temperature in Tables 2A or 2B of ASME BPVC
Section 11, Part D be used as the highest temperature, which is below the range of values based upon the
creep criteria?
Reply (3): Yes. See Footnote 2 to para. 302.3.2.

Interpretation: 17-18

Subject: ASME 8 3 1.3~-1998Addenda, Para. 302.3.5(c), Longitudinal Stress


Date Issued: July I , 1999
File: B3 1-99-004
Question ( I ) : Shall longitudinal stresses due to the misalignment of piping during assembly, or intentional
cold spring, be included as a longitudinal sustained stress in accordance with para. 302.3.5(c)?
Reply (I): No.
Question (2): is it required to include the stresses due to misalignment of piping during assembly or
intentional cold spring in the calculation of displacement stress rmge in accordance with para. 3 19.2.3?
Reply (2): No. See para. 3 19.2.1(c).
Question (3): Shall axial stresses due to the imposed displacements be considered in the evaluation of
the displacement stress range?
Reply (3): Yes. See para. 319.2.3(c).

207

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~~

-c

~~

iiai 0759670 ObL7660 b7T W

831.3 Interpretations No. 17

17-19, 17-20, 17-21

Interpretation: 17-19

Subject: ASME B3 i .3- 1 996 Edition, Para.. K3 14.2, Special Threaded Joints
Date Issued: July 1, 1999
File: B3 i -99-008
Question ( I ): In accordance with ASME B3 i .3- i996 Edition, is a hammer union, whose mate and female
ends are butt welded to the piping, considered a Special Threaded Joint us defined in para. K314.2?
Reply ( i ): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, can a threaded joint that does not meet
the requirements of para. K314.2 be qualified for High Pressure Fluid Service in accordance with the
requirements of para. K304.7.2?
Reply (2): Yes, provided the requirements of para. K314.3 are also met.
Interpretation: 17-20

Subject: ASME B3 I .3c- I 998 Addenda, Para. 335.2.3, Bolt Length


Date Issued: July I , 1999
File: B3 i -99-009
Question: In accordunce with ASME B31.3~-1998,Para. 335.2.3, if a bolt fails to extend beyond its nut
and no more than one thread is visible inside the nut, is the bolt considered acceptably engaged?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 17-21

Subject: ASME B3 I .3c- I 998 Addenda, Para. 33 i. 1.3, Governing Thickness


File: B31-99-010
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1998,para. 331.1.3, if the thicker of two components is
machined before welding, in accrodance with para. 328.4.2, to match the thickness of the thinner component,
is the resulting matching thickness at the weld joint used in determining the requirements for PWHT?
Reply: Yes.

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Date Issued: July I , i999

1111 0759670 0 b L 7 b b 1 50b

831.3 Interpretations No. 17

17-22, 17-23, 17-24

Interpretation: 17-22

Subject: ASME B3 I .3c-1998 Addenda, Table 341.3.2. Acceptance Criteria for Welds
Date Issued: July I, 1999
File: B3 1-99-011
Question ( 1 ): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3c-1998, Table 341.3.2, is surface porosity acceptable on
the crown or external surface of a groove weld that is greater than y,(,in. in nominal thickness?
Reply (I): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1998,Table 341.3.2, is surface porosity acceptable on
the crown of a /4 in. fillet weld?
Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: 17-23

Subject: ASME B3 I .3c- 1998 Addenda, Para. 300.2, Defining Piping Components
Date Issued: July I, 1999
File: B3 1 -99-0 I 2
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 I .3c- 1998, are pressure containing components such as strainers,
filters, knock-out pots, holding pots and other devices that serve such purposes as mixing, separating,
snubbing, distributing, and metering or controlling flow included in the scope of this Code?
Reply: Yes, unless the Owner specifies another code. See definition of piping component.. (para.
300.2)
Interpretation: 17-24

Subject: ASME B3 1.3~1998 Addenda, Pdra. 322.3, Instrument Piping


Date Issued: July I , 1999
File: B3 1-99-0I 3
Question: In accordance with ASME 8 3 1 . 3 ~1998,
are instrument piping components (such as tubing,
compression fittings, barstock valves, etc.) outside of a piping isolation valve (piping root valve) within
the scope of ASME B31.3?
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply: Yes. See para. 322.3.

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..

I
0759670 ObL7bb2 442 I

831.3

17-25, 17-26, 17-27

Interpretations No.

17

Interpretation: 17-25

Subject: ASME B3 I .3-1996 Edition, Para. 335. I . I (c), Alignment of Flanged Joints
Date Issued: November 16, 1999
File: B3 1-99-020
Question ( I ) : In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. 335. I. i(c), does the specified tolerance
apply to each individual flange, measured to the design plane, or to the total misalignment between two
mating tlanges'?
Reply (I): It applies to each individual flange, measured to the design plane.
Question (2): in accordance with ASME B3 I .3-1996 Edition, para. 335. I . i(c). do the requirements apply
to all pipe sizes and pressure rating classes?
Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: 17-26

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- 1999 Edition, Para. 304.3.3, Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections
Date Issued:' November 16, 1999
File: B3 1-99-022
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, can the rules in para. 304.3.3 be used for the
pressure design of a Tee,machined from stock with a remaining block shape, that does not conform to a
listed standard'?
Reply: Yes; however, see paras. 304.3.5 and 300(c).

Interpretation: 17-27

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- 1999 Edition, Para. K328.2. I (a), Welding Qualification Requirements
Date Issued: November 16, 1999
File: B3 1-99-024

Question: In accordance with ASME B3 i .3- I999 Edition, para. K328.2.1(a), must the performance
qualification test coupons for each welder and welding operator be impact tested'?

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply: Yes.

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0 7 5 b 7 0 0617663 389

631.3 Interpretations No. 17

17-28, 17-29, 17-30

Interpretation: 17-28

Subject: ASME B3 I .3-1999 Edition, Para. 345.2.3(c), Special Provisions for Testing of Closure Welds
Date Issued: November 16, 1999
File: B3 1-99-025
Question ( I 1: Does ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, pard. 345.2.3(c) require that the described examinations
be pedormed for closure welds connecting piping systems or components that have been successfully tested
in accordance with para. 345?
Reply ( i ) : No. The weld may be leak tested in accordance with para. 345. I instead.
Question (2): Can weld connecting a flange to a piping system be considered a closure weld?
Reply (2): Yes, but if the weld is to be examined in accordance with para. 345.2.3(c), the flange, as well
as the piping system must have been successfully tested.

Interpretation: 17-29

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- 1999 Edition, Para. A322.6, Pressure Relieving Devices
Date Issued: November 16, 1999
File: B3 1-99-027
Question: Are pressure relieving devices installed in accordance with ASME B3 I .3-1999 Edition, para.
A322.6 required to meet ASME BPVC Section VIII, Division 1, UG-I36(b)(3)?
Reply: Yes.
Interpretation: 17-30

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- 1999 Edition, Para. 345, Testing


Date Issued: November 16, 1999
File: B3 1-99-028
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1999 Edition, para. 345, may the test pressure exceed the
maximum allowable internal pressure, P,,,, for a miter bend in accordance with para. 304.2.3?
Reply: Yes.
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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0 7 5 b 7 0 0637664 235 E

CODE REFERENCE INDEX

(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 831.3-1990 or later Editions References in brackets
are to prcvious Editions and Addenda.)

Reference

Introduction .........................
1.3. 1.6. 1.7. 13-04
300 ........................................
7.10. 8-17
300(h) . . . . . . . . . . 1.26. 1.32. 4.08. 5.03. 8.09. 10.11. 13-14
3 0 0 ( ~ ). . . . . . . . . . 3.2. 3.4. 4.10. 6-03R (Vol. 7). 7.05. 8.30.
13.02. 16-12
3 0 0 ( ~ [300(e)l
)
............................. 1.3. 1.6. 1-7
7.10. 8.17. 9.06. 12-20
300.1 ............................
300.1.1 . 1.47. 1.52. 2.26. 3.1. 4.19. 6.01. 8.01. 9.02. 17-01
Fig. 300.1.1 .................. 1.8. 1.19. 2.26. 7.10. 8-17
300.1.3 I300.1.41 ......... 1.8. 1.16. 1.19. 1.26. 3.2. 15-09
10-05
300.1.3(d) .......................................
300.2
Category D Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.13. 5.03. 6-01
Category M Fluid Service .... 1.40. 1.73. 6.01. .04. 9-02
2-22
notch-sensitive ..................................
owner .........................................
2-30
piping components ............... 3.2. 8.01. 14.03. 17-23
1.30. 9-06
piping system ..............................
sevcre cyclic conditions .....................
5.12. 8-09
301 .............................................
5-11
2.3. 7-01
301.2 ........................................
301.2.1 ....................................
2.29. 13-15
2.3. 17-07
301.3 .......................................
301.3.1 .........................................
10-02
4-11
301.3.2 ..........................................
301.5.3 ..........................................
4-07
3-4
301.7.2 ...........................................
1-32
302 .............................................
302.2 ............................................
1-SO
302.2.1 .........................................
16-18
17-11
302.2.2 .........................................
302.2.4 1302.2.31 . . . . . 1.3. 1.32. 2.14. 3.4. 4.11. 7.01. 7.04.
8.04. 14.09. 1 7-12
302.2.5 ..............................
302.3.2 ......... 1.18. 1.38. 2.16. 3.13.
302.3.4 ....................................
2.20. 17-14
Table 302.3.4 ............ ....... 1.42. 1.78. 2.20. 3-1 1
302.3.5 . . . . . . 1.20. 1.50 2.14. 2.15. 2.24. 3.4. 4.10. 4.12.
6-03K (Vol. 7). 6.07. 7.04. 7.05. 8.16. 15.15. 10.11.
17.04. 17-18
.......................
16-10
Table 302.3.5 . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 1.50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17
302.3.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
302.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...................
303 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
........................
6-05
304.1.1 . . . . . . . 1.42. 1.54. 1.70. 13.07. 15.06. 15-1O. 16-14
304.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.42. 1.57. 1.68 1.70. 2.11. 10-20
304.2 ..................................

Subject
1-22. 5-11
304.2.3 .....................................
Fig. 304.2.3 ......................................
1-22
304.3 .............................
1-21, 1-46, 5-01. 6-09
4-05
304.3.2 ..........................................
304.3.3 ....... 4-03, 7-02, 8-06, 8-37, 11-10, 12-05, 14.10,
15-05, 17-26
8-37
Fig. 304.3.3 ......................................
1-21, 1-37, 1-55, 1-75, 2-27
304.3.4 .....................
Fig. 304.3.4 ......................................
1-70
12-13
304.3.5 .........................................
3-4, 9-07, 10-14
304.5 ..................................
304.5.1 ..........................................
8-18
9-10
304.5.1 (b) ........................................
304.7.2 ..... 1-51, 3-2, 4-05, 5-05, 5-11, 6-09, 10-7, 10-11,
10-18, 12-09, 13-02, 13-03, 13-05, 13-11
1-16
304.7.4 ..........................................
3-8, 3-9
305.2 .........................................
305.2.1 ..........................................
1-38
6-01, 7-03
305.2.3 .....................................
12-16
306.4 ...........................................
306.4.2 .........................................
11-03
5-12
308.2.1 ..........................................
308.2.4 ..........................................
5-12
6-02. 6-05
31 1.2.4 .....................................
311.2.5 .........................................
10-04
9-07
312 .............................................
314.2.1 ..........................................
2-22
8-33. 11-16
Table 314.2.1 ...............................
3-6
315.2 .............................................
3-6
315.3. ............................................
317.2 ............................................
1-17
8-13
318 .............................................
Table 319.3.6 .....................................
9-01
319.2.1 ..........................................
2-17
7.04. 7-05. 12-06
319.2.3 ...............................
15-24
319.3.1(b) .......................................
319.3.5 ..........................................
4-10
319.3.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6. 1-7, 1-55, 2-24, 5-15. 13-05
1.33, 13-14
319.4.1 ....................................
.......................
1-71, 2.7, 2-24
319.7 ..............................
321.1.1 ............................
321.1.4 ............................
322.3 ..............................
322.6.1 ...................................
10.10, 12-18
322.6.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.32. 2-21, 2.29, 7-01, 12.04, 14-09
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.19. 17-09
323.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Curnulativc Index .
331.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 7

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Subject

....

Reference

Subject

0759670 0617665 15% I

subject

Rdercnce

323.1.2

.....

1.11.

1.15.

1.48.

2.1.

6.06.

8.07. 8.19. 11.03.


15.04. 17.01. 17-08
3-9
323.2 .............................................
1-13
323.2.1 ..........................................
15.12. 15-25
323.2.2
14-08
Fig. 323.2.2
Table 323.2.2 [Table 323.2.11 ....... 1.12. 1-48. 1.65. 1.76.
2.19. 3.8. 4.01. 4.15. 14.12. 15.11. 15-16
323.2.4 ......................................
323.3 .......................................
323.3.2 .........................................
11-12
Table 323.3.1 [Table 323.2.21 ............ 1.12. 1.76. 4.17.
5.19. 5.21. 8.29. 10.2. 11.12. 15-23
8-30
323.3.4 ..........................................
323.3.5 .............
323.4 ...........................................
15-03
323.4.2 .............
................... 10.01. 10-19
5-14
Table 323.3.5 .....................................
Table 326.1 .................. 1.11. 1.51. 2.3. 8.07. 8-34
7.02. 12-12
328 .......................................
328.1
12-07
328.2 1327.51 .........................
1.66. 11.09. 14-13
328.2.1 1327.5.1, 327.5.21 ................ 1.76. 4.17. 8-29
328.2.2(g) ........................................
14-05
15-19
328.2.3 .........................................
13-01
328.4 ...........................................
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2
12-10
14-04
328.4.3 .........................................
8.28. 9-08
Fig 328.4.4 .................................
5-09
328.5 1327.41 .....................................
328.5.1 1327.4.11 ..................................
5-17
5.12. 16-06
328.5.2 1327.4.21 ...........................
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.21 ..... 1.28. 5.12. 6.02. 6.05. 8.27.
15-08
328.5.4 1327.4.41 . . . . . . . . 1.59. 1.74. 2.10. 4.03. 4.14. 7.08.
8.13. 10.04. 13-11
Fig. 328.5.4 IFig. 327.4.41 ..... 1.59. 1.74. 4.03. 4.16. 7-08
328.6 ............................................
2-18
8-21
330 .............................................
330.1 ............................................
8-23
Table 330.1.1 .....................................
9-05
8-.12
331 .............................................
8.08. 9.05. 14-01
331.1.1
1.69. 2.2. 5.06. 8.24.
Table 331.1.1 [Table 331.3.11
9.03. 12.14. 14.16. 17-01
8-05
331.1.2 ..........................................
331.1.3 [331.3.61 . . . . . . .1.39. 1.59. 4.06. 5.06. 9.03. 11.06.
14.01. 15.18. 17.21. 17-13
5-08
331.1.4 1331.1.2) ..................................
5.08. 16-09
331.1.6 1331.3.41 ............................
331.1.7 1331.3.21 .............................
1.78. 8-22
1.39. 1-78
331.2.2 1331.1.11 .............................
8-05
331.3.4 ..........................................
331.3.7 ..........................................
8-05
8-03
332.1 ............................................
1.23. 1.53. 4.02 8-20
332.2 1329.11 ......................
16-08
332.2.2 ..........................................
2-2
332.4 1329.3, 330.21
332.4.2
11.03. 15-17

...................................
.....................................

...........................................

..........................

...............................

........

................................
...................................

15.07. 17-25
335.1.1 ...................................
'2-5
335.2 .............................................
335.2.3 .........................................
17-20
1-26
340.2 [336.1.21 ...................................
1-10. 10-03
340.3 1336.31 ................................
340.4 1336.21
1-31, 17-15
10-16, 15-13
341 ......................................
341.2 1336.1.1. 336.1.31 ...... 1.10. 1-26. 1-27, 2-28. 10-03
1.64. 2-4
341.3.1 1336.51 ...............................
8-32
341.3.2 ..........................................
5-09. 13-16
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.11 ....................
Table 341.3.2 ..... 14-02, 14-07. 14-15. 16-07, 17-03. 17-22
[Table 327.4.1Al . . . . . . . . . 1-1, 1.9, 1-14. 1.41, 2-8. 5-04.
5-13, 5.16, 5-17, 5-18, 5-20, 6-04, 7-06
..... 8-32, 8-38, 9-04, 11-08. 11-14.
12.22. 13-16
14-14
341.3.3 .........................................
341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.41 . . . . . . . . 1.62, 2-25, 2-32, 3-5, 3.14,
10-09, 10-12, 11-02, 11-04, 13-12, 16-01, 16-02, 16-05
1-24, 1-45, 3-12, 5-20, 11-01
341.4 [336.51
341.4.1 1336.5.11 ........ 1.10, 1-26, 1.27, 1-60, 2.12, 2-28,
3-7, 3-12, 4-12, 5-10. 8-02, 8-10, 8-26, 10-03. 10-17,
11-11, 11-14, 11-15
8-38
341.4.2 ..........................................
341.4.3 ..........................................
8-10
341.5 ............................................
8-38
1-5, 3-12
341.5.1 1336.6.11 ..............................
15-21
342 ............................................
2-28
342.1 1336.4.11 ...................................
343 [336.4.1] .....................................
2-28
5-09, 16-13
344 [336.41 ................................
344.1 ...........................................
13-12
344.2 1336.4.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28. 8-10, 8y26, 11-11, 15-21
1-10, 1-60, 2-12
344.5 1336.4.51 .........................
1-60
344.6 [336.4.61 ...................................
344.6.2 .........................................
10-17
344.7 [336.4.71 ........................
2-28, 3-14, 12-01
11-11
344.7.1 .........................................
. . 1.2. 1.72. 2-31, 3-3, 8-31, 16-03, 17-30
345.1 1337.11 . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4, 1-30, 4-04, 6-08, 8-15. 12-21
8-31
345.2.2 ..........................................
17-28
345.2.3() ........................................
1-35
345.2.4 1337.4.31 ..................................
1-2, 5-22
345.2.6 1337.11 ...............................
345.3 (337.31 ......................
2-6, 3-10, 5-02, 12-03
8-04
345.4 ............................................
345.4.1 .........................................
12-19
345.4.2 1337.4.11 ........ 1.35, 1-61, 1-63, 2-23, 4-04, 9-09,
13-13
1-63
345.4.3 (337.4.21 ..................................
345.5 1337.4.41 ............ 1-35. 1-43. 6-08, 11-07, 13-06
345.5.2 .........................................
11-19
12-02
345.5.4 .........................................
1-36
345.7 1337.5.21 ...................................
1-25, 3-10, 17-02
345.8 1337.61 ..........................
345.9 1337.5.11 . . . . . . . 4-09. 5-07, 6-08, 8-15, 10-15. 12-01,
12-21, 15-02, 17-05. 17-10
8-14
A304 ............................................
A304.1.1 ..................................
14-17, 14-18

...............................

...............

Cumulative Index .
631.3 intcrprctations Vols . 1-1 7
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..

Kcicrcncc
A304.5.1 .........................................
A304.7.2 ........................................
A305 ...........................................
A314 ............................................
A322.6 .........................................
10-06,
A323.4.2 ..................................
A327.2.4 .........................................
A328.2(a) ........................................
A328.2.1 .................................
A328.2.5 ........................................
A328.5 ..............................
8.14, 10-08
K300(a) .........................................
K304.1.2 ...............................
K31.4.2 .................................
U315 ............................................
K322.3 ...........................................
K328.2.l(a) ......................................

1-67
13-08
11-17
8-33
17-29
11-18
7-09
10-8
17-06

. 13-08
17-16

Rcfcrcncc

9-02
MA306.5 .........................................
........................ 9-02
MA323.4 .............
8-35
MA323.4.2 .......................................
Appendix A Notes (No equivalent) 1(14)1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
4-18
Note (17) .......................................
Note (20) [(30)1 .................................
1-77
Note (57) I(2)I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-58
Appendix A
Table A-1 ITable 11 . . . . . . . . . 1-13. 1-18, 1-29. 1.38. 1.48.
1.77. 2.1. 3.8. 3.9. 3.13. 4.12. 4.13. 6.01. 6.Of>. 7.03.
8.11. 8.18. 8.25. 8.34. 8.36. 11.13. 12.09. 15-01
Table A-16 [Table 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.78. 2.20. 4.18. 7-03
Appendix D ......... 1.6. 1.7. 1.34. 1.46. 1.55. 1.56. 1.71.
2.7. 2.24. 4.16. 5.01. 5.15. 6.06. 12.08. 12-11.
12.17. 13-05
1.44. 5-10
Appendix E [Appendix KI ......................
1-29
Appendix F [F323.2] ...............................
Appendix C ......................................
5-12
8.06. 11-10
Appendix H ................................
1.28. 1Appendix J ........................
Appendix M ..............................
Appendix V ..............................
Appendix X. X3.1.3 ...............................
12-23
Appendix X. X3.2.2 ...........
................ 13-09
15-22
Appendix X. X302.2.3 .............................
Case 137 ..........................................
3-1
1-51
Case 141 .........................................

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

7-07
7-07
17-27
.................................
8-37
12-15
M305.1 .........................................
................................. 8-35
M322.3 ......................................
2-13, 3-6
3-7
M323.1.3 .........................................
M326 ............................................
2-13
3-6
M335.4 lM335.5, M335.61. ..........................
M341.4 lM336.51 ............................
1.24. 1-45
2.28. 3-7
M341.4.1 lM336.5.11 ..........................
M345.1 ..........................................
6-08

Subject

Cumulative Index .
831.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-17
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U 0759670 ObL7668 960 U


~

i '

Interpretation No.

'

Compressors
internal piping

.....................................

Corrugated Bends
Cyclic Loading

.................................

..............................

....................

.........................................
..............................
......................................

.............................

Earthquake

....................

1-23

5-12. 17-04

Design (see also Pressure Design)


additional design considerations
conditions
for stainless bellows
Lame theory
minimum temperature
Displacement Stress

1-8

12-13
2-3
12-23
1-57
10-02

2.14. 2.24. 12-06

.................................

see Seismic

Empty System
transportation .....................................

9-06

Examination
16-07
acceptance criteria
extent of ..............................
1.24. 5.18. 11-01
in-process ..................................
3.14. 11-15
liquid penetrant ........... see Liquid Penetrant Examination
progressive ................... see Progressive Examination
radiographic ................. see Radiographic Examination
random .......... 1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2.12. 2.32. 4.12. 11-15
records .........................................
11-11
required ....... 1.24. 1.60. 6.04. 11.14. 11.15. 15.13. 15-21
severe cyclic conditions .....................
10-17. 11-14
1-62
Spot .............................................
types ...........................................
16-13
visual ............................
see Visual Examination
see Ultrasonic Examination
ukrasonic .....................

................................

Exclusions
for compressors and internal piping .................. 1-8
for interconnecting piping ............................
1-19
listed in scope
10-5

....................................

Expansion Joints

.......................

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of
tee? considered as

1.16. 12.23.

3 -09

Interpretation No.

Subject

Fittings
B16.9 ........................................
1.7. 5-01
conforming to two grades ...........................
8-18
flared. flareless. or compression types ............ 3.6. 12-16
MSS SP-75 .......................................
1-11
Flammable Service .................................

1-17

Flanges
assembly ..........................................
design ...................................
1.67. 3.4.
general ..........................................
long welding neck .................................
slip-on ......................................
5.12.
use of aluminum ..................................
use of raised and flat face metallic ...................

2-5
9-7
9-10
4-05
8-27
1-51
9-07

Flexibility Analysis
9-01
branch connections ................................
exemptions from ..................................
1-33
qualification ...............................
13.05. 13-14
thermal expansion data ............................
15-24
Flexibility Characteristic
1-56
effect of branch to run diameters ....................
for a tee ...............................
1.55. 1.56. 5-01
for components not I h e d in Appendix D ........ 1.55. 2-24
Flexibility Factors
1-56
basis for .........................................
for B16-9 tee ..........................
1-7. 12.08. 12-17
for fabricated intersections
1.6. 4.16. 5-15
for pressure piping components .....................
13-05
for welded elbows ..................................
1-6

.................

Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon ...............................
requirements. metallic . . . . . . . . . . 11.16. 12.15. 12.16.
requirements. nonmetallic ....................
11.17.
responsibility for categorizing ................... 4.08.
Graphitization
temperature relative to onset

........................

1-58

Hardness
limitations on
records ..........................................
testing ..........................................

2-2
8-22
15-20

Heat Fusion Jdhts .................................

13-08

.......................................

............................ 1.21.
.................................

1-70
1-55

..............................

5-01

Extruded Welded Tee

Fillet Weld
internal. slip-on flange
pressure containing ................................
size
use ..............................................

.............................
..............................................

8-27
8-13
1-74
10-4

Heat Treatment
1-69
cooling rate ......................................
for austenitic stainless steel .........................
1-65
for bending and forming .............................
2-2
for flared laps ....................................
11-03
for valve parts ....................................
8-12
governing thickness .......... 1.39. 1.59. 4.06. 5.06. 11-06

Cumulative index

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6-01
15-03
71-18
8-09

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.
B31.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 7

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Subject

Interpretation No.

Subjcct

Heat Treatment (Contd)


heating rate .......................................
1-69
5.08. 8-05
local .......................................
5.08. 8-05
monitoring ..................................
rcquircments . . . . . 8-08. 8.21. 8.23. 8.24. 9.03. 9.05. 12.14.
14.01. 14.16. 15-18
8-24
SP-1 through SP-5 .................................
when radiography is required ................... 1.64. 2-4
Hydrostatic Tests

..........................

see Leak Tests

Impact Tests
absorbed energy data ...............................
2-9
8-30
alternative methods ................................
4-01. 11-12
base metal .................................
exclusions from .........................
1-76. 5.14. 8-30
5-1 9
heat treatment required .............................
in qualifying procedures ............................
8-29
2-19
of aluminum filler metals ...........................
1-65
of austenitic stainless steel ..........................
4-15
of bolting materials ................................
of the heat-affected zone ......................
1-76. 5-21
of weldments ......................
1-12. 1-65. 1-76. 5-21
requirements .....................................
15-23
temperature limitation ...................5-14. 8-30. 14-12

0759670 Ob1bb9 T 7

Interpretation No.

Subject

Leak Tests
acceptance criteria ......................
1.2. 15.22. 16-03
alternative 4.09. 5.07. 6.08. 8-15. 12.01. 12.21. 17.05. 17-1O
as nondestructive examination .......................
8-31
for Category D fluid service .........................
1-36
for system designed for O psi ........................
2-31
1-2
isolation of test pump ...............................
leakage ...........................................
1-4
2.23. 4-04
minimum hydrostatic test pressure
minor repairs and additions ..........................
1-2
1-72
of discharge piping ................................
of newly constructed systems .......... 1.4. 5.02. 5.22. 8-15
of piping and vessel ...............................
1-63
of piping connecting equipment ......................
3-3
of replacement piping ........................
5.22. 12-21
painting before test .......................
2.6. 3.10. 5-23
8-31
personnel qualification .............................
pneumatic test ................ 11.07. 11.19. 12-02. 13-06
preparation for ............... 2.6. 3.10. 5.02. 5.23. 12-03
reduced pressure (hydrostatic test)
1.61. 2.23. 13-13
8-1 5. 13-13
requirements ................................
1.25. 17-02
sensitive ...................................
temperature correction for .....................
1.35. 1-43
test fluid ........................................
12-19
12-04
test pressure .....................................

..............

.........

Lethal Substance
Imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)
concave root surface ...........................
1.1.
determination of ...................................
lack of fusion .....................................
porosity ............................
1.9. 5.13. 5.16.
slag inclusion .....................................
tungsten inclusions ............................
1.9.
1.14. 2.8.
undercutting .............................
installed Piping

...................................

Instrument Piping

............................

Internal Piping, Equipment

7.07.

...........................

6-04
8-32
5-09
5-20
5-20
5-1 7
6-04

8-01
1-8

Joints
alignment .................................
15.07. 17-25
circumicrcntial hcnds ..............................
5-1 1
ex~ioscyIduring test ............................
2.6. 3-10
7-07
instrument tubing ..................................
. sl>ccicI ...........................................
8-13
tapered pipe thread ...............................
16-15
11-16. 17-19
threaded ..................................

.....................................

Cuniul.1 tive Index

..................................

Limitations
on hardness .......................................
2-2
on imperfections .......................
see imperfections
on tubing size ................................
2.13. 3-6
Liquid Penetrant Examination
requirements .....................................

1-6

Low Temperature Requirements

11-14

........... see Impact Tests

Materials
API 5L ................... 1.78. 2.4. 3.9. 3.11. 6.01. 6-06
2.4. 11-05
API SLX .....................................
ASTM A 234 .....................................
2-20
1-29, 1.77, 2-20
ASTM A 312 ...........................
11-13
ASTM A 351 ....................................
ASTM A 387 .....................................
8-25
1.77. 2-20
ASTM A 403 ................................
8-07
ASTM A 487 .....................................
ASTM A 537 ................................
ASTM A 570 ................................
ASTM A 587 .............
.....................
1-13
1-11
ASTM A 633 .....................................
3-8
ASTM A 658 ......................................
ASTM A 671 . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . 1-48
ASTM B 241 ........
ASTM B 337 . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . 4-18
ASTM B 464 .....................................
8-11
austenitic stainless steels ............................
3-13

.
B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 7
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1-73

1-30

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234. ASTM A 312. ASTM A 403 ......... 2-20
for branch conncxtions .............................
8-06
for circumferential welds . . . . . . . . . .I ................ 1-42
for longitudinal and spiral welds . . . . . 1.78. 3-1 1. 8.06. 17-14

Lateral Fittings

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Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

Interpretation No.

Subject

Interpretation No

Subject

Materials (conrd)
bases for design stresses ...........................
1 1-05
certification ............................
5.10. 8.02. 13-10
conforming to two grades ......................
8.18. 8-34
listed .....................................
17.09. 17-11
notch sensitive ....................................
2-22
reidentification
8-19
toughness rcquircments .............................
5-19
unlisted material ......... 1 1.05. 1 1.20. 15.04. 17-01. 1 7-08

Pneumatic Tests

Miter Bends
pressure design of

Positions
qualification of welding

....................................

............................

1.22. 5-11

Near Straight Sawtooth Runs


explanation of ....................................

Pipe Supports (Cont'd)


longitudinal stress effects ...........................
use of plastic .....................................

7-05
1-49

Plastic
lined pipe-use of screwed flangcu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33
pipe supports .....................................
1-49

...........................

see Leak Tests

............................

Postweld Heat Treatment

..............

1-66

see Heat Treatment

1-33
Preheat

.............................

see Heat Treatment

Nomenclature
T

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements ....................
1 1-1 7.
in Category M Fluid Service ........................
joint requirements ............................
7.09.
pressure design .............................
14.17.
Notch Sensitive
materials .........................................

Occasional Variations
Pressure/Temperature Allowances)
loads .............................
Owner
responsihilites

1-54
1-28
1-75
5-16

1 1-1 8
8-35
8-14
14-18

2-22

15.06. 15.10. 17-06

of listed components ........................


16.14. 16-18
of unlisted components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.02. 13.03. 13-05
of valves ...................................
8.04. 13-15

Pressure Rating
valve
variations .........................................

............................................

2.14. 4-11
1-50,2-15, 2-16,2-17

1-26.2.30. 5-22

Owner's Inspector
qualifications of ...................................
responsibilities of ..................................

............................

...........................

........ 1.3.

...........................

Pressure Design
allowance .......................................
17-12
for elevated temperatures
3-4
in the high pressure range ....................
1.68. 17-16
of extruded headers
1-21. 1-70
of flaiiges and blanks .......................
10.14. 13-15
of miter bends ....................................
1-21
of nonmetallic piping components . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-17. 14-18
of pipe . . . 1-42. 1.54. 1.57. 1.68. 1.70. 2.11. 11.21. 13.07.

8-04
4-11

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices ............................
2.21. 2-29
and test pressure .............. 1 1 .07. 11.19. 12.04. 14-09
requirements .....................................
17-29
setting
1.32. 7.01. 12-04
stop valves ................................
10.10. 12-18

................................

1-31
1-26

Pressure Surges
loads due to ......................................

1-50

Pipe
alterations of existing pipe .........................
13-04
curved and mitred segments .......................
15-14
elbowless ........................................
8-03
in corroded condition ..............................
2-15
instrument .......................................
17-24
made from plate .............................
1.48. 8-36
of noncircular cross section ..........................
3-2
pressure design
13-07. 14-09
pressure testing ....................................
9-09
spiral w e l d d .....................................
7-03
straight. under internal prtrsure
10.20. 11.21. 14-11

Radiographic Examination

Pipe Supports
coniigurations

as supplementary examination .......................


8-38
random radiography ..... 1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2.12. 2.32. 3-12

.............................
.........

....................................

(hi

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Pressure-Temperature Rating
Pressure Test

...................5.05.

.............................

. s e e Leak Test

Progressive Examination . . . . . . . 1.5. 1.62. 3.5. 10-09. 10-1O.

10-12. 1 1.02. 1 1.04. 13-12';1' 6.01. 16.02. 16-05


Published Specification .............................

1-15

1000/0............................................

6-07

8-34

5-09

Cumulative Index .
63l.3 Interpretations Vols 1-1 7

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Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

...............................................
...............................................
t" ...............................................
T, .........................................
5.04.
d

0759670 Ob17671 455 I

interpretation No.

Radiographic Examination (Cont'd)


rcrords ..........................................
1-10
rtquirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-04. 11.01. 11.05. 12-03
selcution of welds for examination ................... 2-25
... 1.62. 3-12
spot radiography ..........................
.... 1.64. 2-4
when PWHT is required ....................
Records
certiiication ............................
5. O. 8.02. 10-03
for radiographic examination ...............
1-10
....... 11-11
of examinations ..........................
. . . . . . . . 8-22
of hardness tests .........................
........ 1-10
retention of ..............................

........

Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld ..............................
clarification of terms .........................
limits of .....................................
Repairs
to welds

4.03. 7-08
1.37. 11-10
2.27. 9-04

.........................................

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Responsibility
designer .........................................
rights of owner's inspwtion .................. 10.03.

Safeguarding
Scope

......................................

...............................

2-18

10-11
17-15

5-12

interpretation No

Subject

Stresses (Cont'd)
rcduction factors

.................................

16-10

Stress intensification Factors


application of .................. 1.34. 2.24. 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for .........................................
1-56
2-7
branch connections .................................
1-7
for 816.9 tees .....................................
for fabricated intersections ......................
1-6, 5-15
for tcm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-46, 1-55, 1-71, 5-01, 12-08, 12-17
13-05
for unlisted components ...........................
1-6. 12-11
for welded elbows ............................

Temperature
allowance .......................................
17-12
bending ..........................................
16-08
design minimum temperature .... 10.02. 14.08. 14.12. 15.11.
15.16. 17-07
large changes .....................................
8-09
limitations ......................
.4.13. 5.14. 15.12. 15-25
4-11
reduction .........................................
verification ......................................
16-09
variation in elevated temperature service ............. 17-17
Thermoplastic Piping
neat fusion joints .................................
solvent cemented joints ............................
5pecific requirements ..............................

13-08
10-8
10-06

see Code Coverage

Seismic loads .....................................


stresses due to ....................................

4-07
2-17

Tubing
category M fluid service ...........................
16-17
7-07
joints ............................................
limitations ....................................
2-1 3, 3-6

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading .....................................
large rapid temperature change ......................
spiral welded pipe .................................

5-12
8-09
7-03

Thickness Allowances
governing .................................
17.13. 17-21
1-20
in stress calculations ...............................

Simplified Flexibility Analysis ........................

1-33

Standard Components
manufacturers markings .........................
5.05.
valves .................................
Standards
compliance
superseded

3.7. 8-02
8.04. 8-07

Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography ...........................
rcquircments .....................................
Unlisted
Components

.......................................
.......................................

Stresses (see also Allowable Stresses)


displacement stress range .....................
7.04.
due to cold spring .................................
due to occasional loads ............................
due to pressure surges .............................
due to seismic loads ...............................
due to sustained loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15.15. 16.04.
due to thermal gradients .............................
iongitudinai ............. i.20. 1.50. 2.15. 2.24. 4.10.
6-O.IR (Vol. 7). 6.07. 7.05. 8.16.

5-10
1-44

12-06
8-16
2-16
1-50
2-17
16-11
3-4
4.12.
17-18

..

1.6.

1.51.

3.6. 4.05. 5.05. 8.7. 10.18. 10.11,


10.07. 12.09. 13.02. 13.03. 13-05
see Materials
materials ..................................

Valves
Category M Fluid Service ...........................
Flanged Ball Valves ...............................
8.07,
materials ...................................
pressure build up ..................................
ratings ...........................................

8-35
16-16
15-26
8-04
5-05

Visual Examination
internal ...............................
requirements ..........................

13-16
13-16

B3 1.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 7


Cumulative index .
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11-05
10-17

8.10. 8.26.
2.28. 10.03.

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r-

...

Interpretation No.

Subject
Washers. Use of

....................................

2.5

Weld
acceptance criteria ..........................
17-03. 17-22
12-10
bevels ..........................................
14-03
definition ........................................
examination of welds .... 10-15. 11-01. 11.14. 13.16. 14.14.
14.15. 15-02
1.74. 10.19. 16-06
fillet size .............................
for branch connections ....... 2.10. 4.03. 4.14. 8.37. 11-10
imperfcctions .....................
see Acceptance Criteria
2.20. 3-1 1. 4-18
longitudinal .............................
of valves
12-12
13.01. 14-04
preparation for welding ......................
qualification of position ............................
1-66

........................................

Weld (Contd)
reinforcement ...............................
7.08. 11-08
repair ............................................
2-18
socket ................... 6-02, 6-05, 10-19, 15-08, 16-06
spacing of ........................................
7-02
Welder Qualification
hy others ........................................
requirements

.....................................

Welding Procedure
qualification of
1-12. 1.65.

.....

1.66.

1.76. 4-1 7. 8.23.


11.09. 14.05.
responsibility ...............................
12.07.
8.21.
specification

.................................

15-19
17-27

8.29.
14-13
12-12
8-22

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Interpretation No.

Suhjcct

831.3 lirterpretations Vols. 1-1 7


Cumulative Index .
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S T D - A S M E B31-3 I N T N O - L b - E N G L D 0 7 5 7 b 7 0 O b O b 8 2 b 4BB 9

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 16
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1, 1997, Through March 31, 1998

General Information

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3 as part
of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in chronological
order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the interpretation, or if none is
stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent
revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and editorial
corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the interpretation
revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply bearing the original
interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional information
is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons aggrieved by
an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the
Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve, certify, rate, or endorse
any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the i33 I Committee, refer to Appendix Z.
Code Reference and Subject Indexes

Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1 up to
and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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STD.ASME B 3 1 - 3 I N T N O - Lb-ENGL W 7 5 9 b 7 0 Obb827 314 M

B31.3
Subject
.
Para. 300(c)(3). Intent of the Code............................................
Para. 302.2.1, Prssure-Temperature Design Criteria - Listed Components
Having Established Ratings ...............................................
Para. 302.3.2, Limits of Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained Loads
and Displacement Strains .................................................
Para. 302.3.5, Limits of Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained Loads and
Displacement Strains.....................................................
Para . 304.1.1, Pressure Design of Components ..................................
Para . 328.5.2. Welding Requirements
Fillet and Socket Welds ..................
Para. 33 I .1.6, Temperature Verification ........................................
Para . 332.2.2(a), Bending Temperature
....................................
Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination ........................................
Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination ........................................
Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination ........................................
Para. 344, Types of Examination .....................................
Para. 345, Leak Testing ....................................................
Table 302.3.5, Stress-Range Reduction Factors ..................................
Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperatures Without Impact Testing for Carbon
Steel Materials..........................................................
Table 341.3.2A, Examination Acceptance Criteria ...............................
Flanged Ball Valves .......................................................
Tapered Pipe Thread Joints..........
Tubing in Category M Fluid Service ..........................................

interpretation

File No .

16-12
16-18

B3 1-97-0268
831-97-038

16-04

B3 1 -96-057

16-1 1

B3 1-97-024

16-14
16-06
16-09
16-08
16-01
16-02
16-05
16-13
16-03
16-10
14-12R

B 1-97-01
3 3
B31-97-001
B3 1-96-053
B3 1-96-054
B31-96-0S8A
B3 1-97-028
8 3 1-96-055
8 3 1-97-014
B3 1-95-018

16-07
16-16
16-15
16-17

B3 1-96-060
B3 1-97-036
B3 1-97-032
B3 1-97-037

B3 1-97-029
63 1-96-0588

I87
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S T D m A S M E B3L.3 I N T N O - Lb-ENGL

0757b70 ObOb828 2 5 0

14-12R, 16-01, 16-02

831.3 Interpretations No. 16

Interpretation: 14-12R

Subject: ASME B3 I .3-1993 Edition, Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperatures Without Impact Testing for
Carbon Steel Materials

Date Issued: November 20, 1995


File: 631-95-018

Question: Does ASME 831.3-1993 Edition require impact testing of ASTM A 403 WP304W. B16.9
fittings manufactured from A 312 welded TP304 pipe without the use of weld metal deposits and used at
design temperatures of -425F or above.
Reply: No. See Table 323.2.2, Column A.

Interpretation: 16-01
Subject: ASME B3 1.3- 1996 Edition, Para. 34 I .3.4, Progressive Examination
Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-96-053
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination, if a
defective weld is repaired, found defective again, repaired a second time and again found to be defective,
is it necessary to examine two additional items for each failed repair?
Reply: No. See para. 341.3.3.
Interpretation: 16-02

Subject: ASME B3 I .3-1993 Edition, Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination


Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-96-054
Question ( I ) : In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Table 341.3.2A and para. 341.3.4, when
the engineering design specifies more stringent acceptance criteria for normal fluid service, do the
requirements of para. 34 I .3.4, Progressive Examination, still apply?
Reply (i): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3- 1993 Edition, for normal fluid service, when a particular
one hundred welds constitute a designated lot, welder A completes three welds and two are radiographed
to acceptance, and welder B completes ninety-seven welds and five are radiographed to acceptance, do
all welds in the lot, after visual and leak tests, meet the requirements of the Code?
Reply (2): Yes. provided no other welds in the designated lot were examined showing unacceptabel
defects.

189
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16-03,16-04

831.3 Interpretations No. 16

Interpretation: 16-03

Subject: ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, Para. 345, Leak Testing


Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-96-055
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. 345.1(b), with a system design
pressure of 150 psig at 200"F, and where a hydrostatic pressure test is impractical, does a pneumatic test
at 150 psig or 110%of design pressure, whichever is less, satisfy the requirements of the Code?
Reply (1): No. See para. 345.5.4.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, under the above conditions, would testing
in accordance with para. 345.9 be required?
Reply (2): No. Use of the alternative leak test is permitted only if the conditions of para. 345.1(c) are met.

Interpretation: 16-04

Subject: ASME B3 I .3a- 1996 Addenda, Para. 302.3.2, Limits of Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained Loads
and Displacement Strains
Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-96-057
Question ( I ) : In accordance with ASME B3 1.3a-1996 Addenda, para. 302.3.5, shall the longitudinal
sustained stresses, S,, be evaluated in the installed and all operating positions of the pipe relative to its
supports and restraints?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3a-i996 Addenda, para. 302.3.5, is there an allowable
operating stress for the combination of longitudinal sustained stresses and displacement stresses, not
displacement stress ranges?

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply (2): No. See para. 319.2.3.

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S T D - A S M E B3L.3 I N T N O . Lb-ENGL

~-

0759b7 b b l 9 0 9

16-05, 16-06. 16-07

B31.3 Interpretations No. 16


Interpretation: 16-05

Subject: ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination


Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-96-05814
Question ( I ) : A welders production welds experience some rejections. The welder is retained and
requalified. In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination, does
the Code require more stringent examination of this welders welds?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3-1996 Edition, para. 341.3.4, can the two additional joints
examined after a defective joint is found to be counted as part of the 5% random radiography requirement?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 16-06

Subject: ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, Para. 328.5.2, Welding Requirements - Fillet and Socket Welds
Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-96-058B
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. 328.5.2 and Fig. 328.5.2c, what is the
minimum gap acceptable in a socket-welded joint after welding?
Reply: The Vl6 in. approximate gap shown in Fig. 328.5.2~is before welding. The Code does not
provide a gap dimension after welding.
Interpretation: 16-07

Subject: ASME B3 1.3-1993 Edition, Table 341.3.2A, Examination Acceptance Criteria


Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-96-060
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1993 Edition, Table 34 I .3.2A, in the radiographic examination
of girth and miter groove welds, can a densitometer be used to evaluate root concavity?
Reply: The Code does not address the use of a densitometer for this purpose.

191
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~~

S T D m A S M E B 3 1 . 3 I N T NO. Lb-ENGL m 0 7 5 7 b 7 0 ObOb83L 8LI5 m

831.3 Interpretations No. 16

16-08,16-09,16-10

Interpretation: 16-08

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- I996 Edition, Para. 332.2.2(a), Bending Temperature


Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-97-001
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, paras. 332.2.2(a) and (b), are the transformation
ranges used in B31.3 considered to be the lower critical temperatures in ASME B31.1-1995 Edition, para.
129.3.I ?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 16-09

Subject: ASME B3 1.3a-1996 Addenda, Para. 33 I . 1.6, Temperature Verification


Date Issued: May 20, 1997
File: B3 1-97-013
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3a-1996 Addenda, para. 33 1.1.6, can a thermocouple be laid
on a part being heat treated as opposed to being attached?
Reply: The Code requires only that temperature be checked by thermocouple, pyrometers, or other
suitable methods to ensure that WPS requirements are met. It does not otherwise address positioning or
attachment of thermocouples, except for a permissive statement in para. 330.1.3(b) allowing attachment by
capacitor discharge method without procedure and performance qualifications.

Interpretation: 16-10

Subject: ASME B3 I .3a- I996 Addenda, Table 302.3.5, Stress-Range Reduction Factors
Date issued: May 20, 1997
File: B31-97-014
Question (i): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3a- 1996 Addenda, does the stress range reduction factor,
f, as listed in Table 302.3.5 and provided in equation ( I c) depend on the material of construction?

Reply (I): No, except see para. 319.3.4(b).


Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 I .3a- 1996 Addenda, Appendix D, do the stress intensification
factors, ii and i,, depend on the material of construction?
Reply (2): No.

192

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S T D - A S M E 831.3 I N T N O . L b - E N G L M 0 7 5 7 b 7 0 OhOb832 781

16-11, 16-12, 16-13

B31.3 Interpretations No. 16

Interpretation: 16-11

Subject: ASME B31.3a-1996 Addenda, Para. 302.3.5, Limits of Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained Loads
and Displacement Strains
Date Issued: November 10, 1997
File: B3 1-97-024
Question (1): In accordance with ASME B3 1.3a-1996 Addenda, para. 302.3.5, is the stress range reduction
factor independent of the material of construction?
Reply (i): Yes; however, see para. 319.3.4(b).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 1.3a-1996 Addenda, are the stress intensification factors
listed in Appendix D independent of the material of construction?
Reply: Yes; however, see para. 319.3.4(b).

Interpretation: 16-12

Subject: ASME B3 1.3a-1996 Addenda, Para. 300(c)(3), Intent of the Code


Date Issued: November 10, 1997
File: B3 1 -97-026B
Question (1): May a piping designer use para. 300(c)(3) of ASME B31.3a-1996 Addenda and apply a
more rigorous analysis to qualify the design and acceptance criteria of piping where the Code requirements
employ a simplified approach?

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply ( i ) : Yes, if the designer can demonstrate the validity of the approach to the owner.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME 8 3 1.3-1996 Edition, does a piping system that has been designed
in accordance with the Code but not fabricated or assembled as specified by the engineering design, comply
with the Code if a more rigorous analysis proves it suitable for the service intended?

Reply (2): No. See para. 300.2, Definitions - Assembly and Erection. Also, see para. 341.3.2.

Interpretation: 16-13

Subject: ASME B3 1.3a-1996 Addenda, Para. 344,Types of Examination


Date Issued: November 10, 1997
File: B3 1-97-028
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3a-1996 Addenda, para. 344, does the Code contain instruction
or restrictions regarding the design of a designated lot of piping?
Reply: No, other chan the definition in Note 2 of para. 344.1.3.

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S T D - A S M E 831.3 I N T N O . Lb-ENGL D 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 O b O b 8 3 3 b L 8

16-14, 16-15, 16-16

831.3 Interpretations No. 16

Interpretation: 16-14

Subject: ASME B3 1.3a- i 996 Addenda, Para. 304. i. 1, Pressure Design of Components
Date Issued: November IO, 1997
File: B3 1-97-029

Reply: Yes; however, when the coincident external gage pressure is greater than the internal gage pressure,
the design shall be in accordance with para. 304.1.3.

Interpretation: 16-15

Subject: ASME B3 I .3a- 1996 Addenda, Tapered Thread Joints


Date Issued: November 10, 1997

File: B3 1-97-032
Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3a-1996 Addenda, does the Code permit the use of tapered
pipe thread joints?
Reply: Yes, provided the joints comply with the provisions of paras. 314 and 335.3.

Interpretation: 16-16

Subject: ASME B3 I .3- 1996 Edition, Flanged Ball Valves


Date Issued: November 10, 1997
File: B3 1-97-036
Question: According to ASME 831.3-1996 Edition, are flanged ball valves where the ball is held in
place by a threaded retainer plug in which the end of the plug forms some or all of the flange face prohibited
from use in Category M Fluid Service?
Reply: No.

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Question: For subsea production systems where ASME B31.3 is required, can the internal design gage
pressure, P, in paras. 304. I . I and 304. I .2 be interpreted as coincident internal design gage pressure minus
external gage pressure?

S T D S A S M E B 3 1 - 3 INT NO. L b - E N G L

= 0759670 ObOb834

554 H

B31.3 Interpretations No. 16

16-17, 16-18

Interpretation: 16-17

Subject: ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, Tubing in Category M Fluid Service


Date Issued: September 3, 1997
File: 8 3 i -97-037
Question: In accordance with ASME B3 I .3- 1996 Edition, is tubing with flared, flareless, and compression
tubing joints prohibited for Category M fluid service in sizes larger than 16 mm (y8in.) O. D.for piping
other than instrumentation signal lines in contact with process fluids and process temperature-pressure
conditions?
Reply: No. Also, see Interpretation 2-13.

Interpretation: 16-18

Subject: ASME B3 I .3a- 1996 Addenda, Para. 302.2.1, Pressure-Temperature Design Criteria
Components Having Established Ratings

- Listed

Date Issued: September 3, 1997


File: B3 1-97-038
Question: When selecting a flange on the basis of pressure-temperature rating given in ASME B 16.5,
in accordance with ASME B31.3a-1996 Addenda, para. 302.2.1, is it required to consider any external
forces and moments acting on the flange?

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply: Yes. See para. 303.

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S T D - A S M E B i l l - 3 I N T NO. Lb-ENGL

CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 631.3-1990 or later Editions. References in brackets
are to previous Editions and Addenda.)

Interpretation

Interpretation
Code Reference

No.

Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3, 1-6, 1-7, 13-04
7-1O, 8-1 7
300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300(b) . . . . . . . . . .1-26, 1-32, 4-08, 5-03,
-11, 13-14
300(~). 3-2, 3-4, 4-10, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 7-05, 8-30, 13-02, 16-12
300(c) [300(e)l. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3, 1-6, 1-7
300.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1O, 8-1 7, 9-06, 12-20
300.1.1 . . . . . . . . 1-47, 1-52, 2-26, 3-1, 4-1 9, 6-01, 8-01, 9-02
Fig. 300.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8, 1-19, 2-26, 7-10, 8-17
300.1.3 [300.1.4] . . . . . . . . . 1-8, 1-16, 1-19, 1-26, 3-2, 15-09
300.1.3(d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-05
300.2
Category 0 Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 3, 5-03, 6-01
. . . . 1-40, 1-73, 6-01, 8-09, 9-02
.................... .2-22
notch-sensitive . . . .
..................... 2-30
piping components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2, 8-01, 14-03
1-30, 9-06
piping system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
severe cyclic conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-12, 8-09
301 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-11
......
. . 2-3, 7-01
301.2. . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-29,13-15
.................................
2-3
301.3.1. . . . . . . . . . .
......................
10-02
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-11
301.3.2. . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . .4-O7
301.5.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.3-4
301.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-32
302 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
302.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
302.2.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
302.2.4 [302.2.3] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3, 1-32, 2-14, 3-4,
4-1 1, 7-01, 7-04, 8-04, 14-09
......
. . 13-15
302.2.5 . . .
302.3.2 . . . . . . . . . 1-18, 1-38, 2-16, 3-13, 8-25, 11-05, 16-04
,2-20
302.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 302.3.4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-42, 1-78, 2-20, 3-11
. . . 1-20, 1-50, 2-14, 2-15, 2-24, 3-4, 4-10, 4-12,
302.3.5
-03R (Vol. 7), 6-07, 7-04, 7-05, 8-1 6, 15-15, 16-11
16-10
Table 302.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
302.3.6 . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .1-50, 2-1 5, 2-16 , 2-1 7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-O5

Fig. 304.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-22

304.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21, 1-46, 5-01, 6-09
.4-O5
304.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-03, 7-02, 8-06,
304.3.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-37, 11-10, 12-05, 14-10, 15-05
........
. . . . .8-37
Fig. 304.3.3 . . . . . . . . . . .
304.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-21, 1-37, 1-55, 1-75, 2-27
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-70
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-4, 9-07, 10-14
304.5 . . . . . . . . .
304.5.1 (b) . . . . . . . . .
304.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . 1-51, 3-2, 4-05, 5-05, 5-11, 6-09, 10-07,
10-11, 10-18, 12-09, 13-02, 13-03, 13-05, 13-11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-16
304.7.4 . . . . . . . . . . .
305.2 . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..3-8,3-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
305.2.1. . . . . . . . . . . . .
305.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-01, 7-03
12-16
306.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
306.4.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300.2.4
311.2.4

................
...........
................................

312 ........................
314.2.1 . . . . .
........................
Table 314.2.1 . . . . .
315.2.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31 7.2.

..........

.2-22

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-17

Table 319.3.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
319.2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-17
. . . . . . . . 7-04, 7-05, 12-06
319.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-24

.......................
319.3.6

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6, 1-7, 1-55, 2-24, 5

......................

1-33, 13-14

319.4.4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-71, 2-7, 2-24
1-16, 7-05
319.7.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
321.1 . I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.6-O7
1-49
321.1.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
322.6.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-10, 12-18
322.6.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32, 2-21, 2-29, 7-01, 12-04, 14-09
323.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-19
1-11, 1-15, 1-48, 2-1,
323.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-06, 8-07, 8-1 9, 11-03, 15-04

Cumulative Index - B31.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 6

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

No.

Code Reference

(a)

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

0 7 5 9 b 7 0 O h O b 8 3 5 q90

B3L.3 I N T NO

Lb-ENGL
Interpretation

No .

Code Reference

323.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
323.2.1 ....................................
15.12,
323.2.2
Fig. 323.2.2 ................................
Table 323.2.2
[Table 323.2.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.12, 1.48, 1.65,
2.19, 3.8, 4.01, 4.15, 14.12, 15.11,
323.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.76,
323.3 .................................
323.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 323.3.1
[Table 323.2.21 . . . . . . . . 1.12, 1.76, 4.17, 5.19, 5.21,
10.2, 11.12,
323.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
............................
323.3.5 . . .
323.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.01,
323.4.2
Table 323.3.5 ................................
Table 326.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.11, 1.51, 2.3, 8.07,
.7.02,
328 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
328.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.66, 11.09,
328.2 I327.51 ......................
1.76, 4.17,
328.2.1 1327.5.1, 327.5.21

..............................

3-9
1-13
15-25
14-06
1.76,
15-16
6.06
5-1 3
11-1 2

8.29,
15-23
8.30
2-9
15-03
10-19
5-14
8-34
12-12
12-07
14-13
8-29
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-05
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-19
13-01
328.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12-10
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2 .......................
328.4.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14-04
8.28, 9-08
Fig. 328.4.4
328.5 1327.41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.09
5.17
328.5.1 1327.4.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
328.5.2 I327.4.21 ........................
5.12, 16-06
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.21 . . . . . . . . . . 1.28, 5.12, 6.02, 6.05,
8.27, 15-08
328.5.4 1327.4.41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.59, 1.74, 2.10, 4.03,
4.14, 7.08, 8.13, 10.04, 13-11
Fig 328.5.4 [Fig. 327.4.41 . . . . . . . . . . 1.59, 1.74, 4.03, 4.16,
7-08
328.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-18
8-21
330 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
330.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-23
9.05
Table 330.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-12
331 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.08, 9.05, 14-01
331.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 331.1 .1
(Table 331.3.1 1 . . . . . . . . 1.69, 2.2, 5.06, 8.24, 9.03, 12-14,
14-16
8.05
331.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331.1.3 1331.3.61 . . . . . . . . .
1.39, 1.59, 4.06, 5.06, 9.03,
11.06, 14.01, 15-18
5-08
331.1.4 (331.1.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331.1.6 I331.3.41 ........................
5.08, 16-09
1.78, 8-22
331.1.7 [331.3.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . 1.39, 1-78
331.2.2 [331.1.1] . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-05
331.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
....................... 8-05
331.3.7 . . .
8-03
332.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
332.2 1329.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.23, 1.53, 4.02, 8-20
332.2.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16-06
332.4 1329.3, 330.21 ............................
2.2
11.03, 15-17
332.4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
335.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15-07
2-5
335.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-26
340.2 1336.1.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..............................

..............

.............................

Interpretation

No.

Code Reference

340.3 I336.31 ...........................


1.10, 10-03
340.4 I336.21 ................................
1-31
10.1 6.1 5.13
341 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
341.2 I336.1.1, 336.1.31. . . . . . . 1.10. 1.26. 1.27. 2.28. 10-03
1.64, 2 4
341.3.1 I336.51
8.32
341.3.2 ....................................
5.09, 13-16
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.11
Table 341.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.02, 14.07. 14.15, 16-07
[Table 327.4.1Al. . . . . . . . . . 1.1. 1.9. 1.14. 1.41. 2-8. 5-04.
5.13. 5.16. 5.17. 5.18. 5.20. 6.04, 7-06,
[Table 341.3.2Al. . . . . 8.32, 8.38. 9.04. 11.08, 11.14, 12.22.
13-16
14-14
341.3.3 ...................................
341.3.4 I336.5, 336.5.41 ........ 1.62, 2.25. 2.32. 3.5, 3.14.
10.09, 10-12, 11.02. 11-04. 13-12. 16-01. 16.02. 16-05
341.4 [336.5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.24, 1.45, 3-1 2, 5.20, 11-01
341.4.1 1336.5.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.10, 1.26, 1.27, 1.60, 2.12,
2.28. 3.7. 3-1 2. 4-1 2. 5.10.
8.02, 8-1 O, 8.26, 10.03. 10-1 7.
11.11, 11.14, 11-15
8.38
341.4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.10
341.4.3 ....................................
8-38
341.5
341.5.1 1336.6.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5. 3-12
15-21
342 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.28
342.1 [336.4.1 ] ...............................
2.28
343 [336.4.1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.09.1 6.13
344 I336.41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13-12
344.1 .....................................
344.2 1336.4.23 . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.28. 8.10. 8.26, 11.11, 15-21
344.5 I336.4.51 ......................
1.10. 1.60. 2-12
344.6 [336.4.6] ..............................
1-60
10-17
344.6.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
344.7 I336.4.71 .....................
2.28. 3.14, 12-01
11-11
344.7.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345 [3371 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2. 1.72. 2.31, 3.3. 8.31. 16-03
345.1 I337.11 . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 1.30. 4.04. 6.08, 8.15. 12-21
8.31
345.2.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.2.4 1337.4.31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-35
1.2, 5-22
345.2.6 1337.11 ...........................
345.3 [337.31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6. 3.10. 5-02. 12-03
8.04
345.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12-19
345.4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.4.2 I337.4.11 . . . . . . . . 1.35. 1.61. 1.63. 2.23. 4-04. 9.09.
13-13
345.4.3 1337.4.21 .............................
1-63
345.5 [337.4.4]
1.35. 1-43. 6.08, 11.07, 13-06
345.5.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-19
12-02
345.5.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-36
345.7 [337.5.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.25. 3-10
345.8 [337.6] ............................
345.9 1337.5.11 . . . . . . .4.09. 5.07. 6.08. 8.15. 10.15. 12-01.
12.21. 15-02
A304 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-14
14-17, 14-18
A304.1.1 .............................
A304.5.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-67
13-08
A304.7.2 ..................................
11-17
A305 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-33
A314 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A323.4.2
10.06, 11-18
7-09
A327.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A328.2(a) ...................................
10-8
8.14
A328.2.1 ...................................
A328.5 .........................
.8.14.10.08.
13-08

...........................

...................

......................................

............

.............................

Cumulative Index .
831.3 Interpretations

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

Vols . 1-1 6

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

STD.ASME

Code Reference

Interpretation
No .

K304.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11.21. 14-11
7-07
K315 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
K322.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-07
Fig. K328.5.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.37
12-15
M305.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-35
M307.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M322.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.13, 3.6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.13
3-6
M335.4 IM335.5, M335.61 ........................
1.24, 1-45
M341.4 1M336.51 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M341.4.1 IM336.5.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.28, 3-7
6-08
M345.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.02
MA306.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-02
MA323.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MA323.4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.35
Appendix A Notes
(No equivalent) [(i411 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.18
Note (i
Note (20) [(30)] .............................
1-77
Note (57) [(2)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-58

Cumulative Index .
B31.3 InterpretationsVols . 1-1 6
Copyright ASME International
Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

interpretation

No .

Code Reference
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table i ]

. . . . . . . . .1-13.

1.18. 1.29. 1.38. 1.48.


1.77. 2.1. 3.8. 3.9. 3.13. 4.12.
4.13. 6.01. 6.06. 7.03. 8.11.
8-18. 8.25. 8.34. 8.36. 11-1 3. 12.09.
15-01
Table A-1 B [Table i ] . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.78. 2.20. 4.18. 7-03
Appendix D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6. 1.7. 1.34. 1.46. 1.55.
1.56. 1.71. 2.7. 2.24. 4-1 6.
5.01. 5-1 5. 6-06. 12.08. 12-11. 12-17. 13-05
1.44. 5-10
Appendix E [Appendix KI ....................
1-29
Appendix F lF323.21 ...........................
5.12
Appendix G .................................
.8-06.1 1.10
Appendix H ...........................
1.28. 1.54. 1.75. 5-04
Appendix J .....................
.6.01. 8-09
Appendix M . ...........................
12-23
Appendix X. X3.1.3 ...........................
13-09
Appendix X. X3.2.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15-22
Appendix X. X302.2.3 .........................
3-1
Case137 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Case141 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-51

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

S T D - A S M E B31.3

I N T NO. L b - E N G L

0759b70 O h O b 8 3 8 LTT

SUBJECT INDEX
Interpretation

Interpretation

No.

Subiect

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests. . . . . . .
. . . . . . . ......... . . .
. 1-2
weld.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1, 1-9, 1-14, 1-41, 2-8, 5-09, 5-13,
5-17, 5-18, 5-20, 6-04, 7-06, 8-32, 12-22, 13-16,
14-02, 14-07

...

Allowable loads

....

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-06

Allowable Stresses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-12


1-18, 3-13, 8-11, 8-25, 10-13, 15-01
bases f o r . . . . . . . . . . .
for ASTM A 312. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , , . . . 1-29
for ASTM A 351 . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1 3
for ASTM A 387. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-25
for ASTM A 570. . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
for ASTM A 587. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
for ASTM A 671.
, . . . .. ...... .. . . .
. . . . . . . . 1-48
for ASTM B 464. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, . . . . . . . . . .8-11
for austenitic stainless steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13

..

..

Alterations of Piping
Alternative Tests.

..
..

....

...

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-04

. . . . . . . . . . , , . . . . . . . . . . . see Leak Tests

Authorized Inspector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Owners Inspector


Bellow s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bending. . .

13-09

. . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-02, 8-03, 15-17, 16-08

Bends
corrugated. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
miter . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Miter Bends
reduction of outside diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-20

. .

....

. .
..

Bonding Qualification Test


hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-14
minimum burst pressure. . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . 7-09, 8-14
procedure specifications for plastic piping. . . . . . . . . . 10-08
solvent cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , 8-14

..

..

Bonds
heat fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-14
hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,8-14
test assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , , , 7-09

Bolting Materials. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Branch Connections
extruded outlets . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-15

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-37, 2-27, 6-09

No.

Subiect

flexibility analysis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-01


, 4-05, 11-1O
integrally reinforced fitting. . . . . . . . . . . . .
projection into run pipe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , 8-28, 9-03
8-06, 8-37, 12-05, 12-13, 14-10, 15-05
reinforcement. . . .
weld requirements . . 2-10, 4-03, 4-14, 7-02, 7-08, 10-04, 13-11

....

Brazed joints
for flammable service.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , 1-17
B u c ~ ~.~. s. . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23, 1-53

cast Irons
specific requirements

. . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-01

Category 0 Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, , . . . . . 1-36
, . . . . . .4-13, 5-03
limitations . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . .
radiographic examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-38

..... .

..

Category M Fluid Service


clarification of term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . 1-73, 9-02
double contained piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-35
leak test., , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . .6-O8
liquid oxygen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .8-O9
. . . . . . . . . . . . 8-35, 9-02, 12-15
requirements. . . . . .
tubing size limitations. . . . . . . . . . . .
. , , . . . . . . . . . 2-13
. . . . . . 1-40
very small quantiy . . . . . . . . . .

. ...

..

.
.

Code Coverage
B31.3 versus 831.4

. . . . .. . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . 1-47, 7-10
................
n service . . . . . . . . . . . , , . . . . . . . . .6-O1
in-line sensing devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-01
intent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , , , . . . . 16-12
new and replacement piping
. . . . . . . . . 5-22, 12-21
offshore platform . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-17
oil heating system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . .4-19
radioactive fluids . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . .
synfuel plant piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tobacco plant piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
Components (see also Fitting, Flanges, Standard components,
Unlisted and Valves)
certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . 1-26 3-7, 5-10, 13-10
design conditions. . . . .
. . . , . . .2-3
fabricated or flared laps
in-line sensing devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . , . . . . . 8-01
referenced standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-44, 5-1O

Cumulative index - 831.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 6

(e)

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Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.. . ..
.

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

S T D . A S M E B3L.3

I N T NO

Lb-ENGL

Interpretation
No.

COmpSSOrS

internal piping.................................
Corrugated Bends
Cyclic Loading

.............................

...............................

1-23
5.12

Earthquake

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.14.2.24.

.............................

Interpretation
No.

Subiect
F b P

1-8

W g n (see ah0 Pressure Design)


additional design considerations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
conditions.................................... 2.3
for stainless bellows ...........................
12.23
Lame theory ................................
. l-57
minimum temperature..........................
10-02
DiSpkcemit St-

0759b70 Obb839 03b

assembly ....................................
2.5
design...............................
1.67.3-4 .9.7
general ..................................... 9.10
long welding neck .............................
4.05
slipon ................................
.5.12. 8.27
use of aluminum .............................
. l-51
use of raised and flat face metallic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-07
FkxibiMy Andy&
branch connections ............................
9.01
exemptions from ..............................
1.33
qualification ...........................
13.05, 13-14
thermal expansiondata.........................
15-24

12-06

Flexibility Characteridic

seeSeismic

Empty svst-

transportation ................................

efect of branch to run diameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-56

for a tee ............................


1.55.1.56.
5.01
for componentsnot listed in Appendix D . . . . . . . . . 1.55. 2-24

9.06

Flexibility Factors

Examination

acceptance criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16-07
extent of ...........................
1.24. 5.18. 11-01
in-process .............................
.3.14.1 1.15
liquid pentrant . . . . . . . . . . . .see Liquid Pentrant Examination
progressive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .see Progressive Examination
radiographic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .see Radiographic Examination
random. . . . . . . . . . . 1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2.12. 2.32. 4.12, 11-15
records ....................................
11-11
required. . . . . . . . 1.24. 1.60. 6.04. 11.14, 11.15. 15.13, 15-21
severe cyclic conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.17, 11-14
Spot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-62

.....................................

16-13

wpe~

visual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see visual examination
ultrasonic....................
see ultrasonic examination

basis for ...................................


. l-56
for 616-9 tees .......................
1.7, 12.08, 12-17
for fabricated intersections. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6, 4-16. 5-15
for pressure piping components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-05
for welded elbows ..............................
1.6
Fluid SeMce

general hydrocarbon ...........................


requirements. metallic . . . . . . . . . . 11.16. 12.15. 12.16.
requirements. nonmetallic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.17.
responsibilityfor categorizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.08.

6-01
1543
11-18
8-09

CraphiUton

temperature relative to onset ......................

1-58

Hardness
Exclusions

for compressors and internal piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-8


for interconnectingpiping........................
1-19
listed in scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-5
Expansion Joints ....................

limitations on .................................
Words .....................................

testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-2
8-22
15-20

Heat Fusion Joints ............................

13-08

1-16. 12.23.1 3-09

Heat Treabnent

Extruded Welded Tee ...........................

5.01

Fillet Weid

internal. slip-on flange ..........................


pressure containing ............................
size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
use. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-27
8-13
1-74
10-4

Fittings
B16.9

..................................

cooling rate.................................

.......................
for bending and forming...........................
for flared laps ...............................
for valve parts ................................
governing thickness. . . . . . . . . . . 1.39, 1.59, 4-06, 5.06,
heating rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.08,

. l-69

for austenitic stainless steel

1-65
2.2
11-03
8.12
11-06
1-69
&05
monitoring ..............................
5.08. 8-05
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . 8.08. 8-21. 8.23. 8.24. 9.03, 9.05.
12-14, 14-01, 14-16. 15-18
SP-1 through SP-5 .............................
8-24
when radiography is required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.64. 2-4

1.7, 5.01

conformingto two grades ........................


8.18
flared. flareless. or compression types . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6. 12-16

Hydrostatic Tests

MSS SP-75

Impact Teds

..................................

1-11

Flammable Service .............................

1-17

.......................

see Leak Tests

absorbedenergy data ............................ 2.9


alternative methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.30
Cumulative Index .
831.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-16

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Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

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--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.21. 1-70
tees considered as .............................
1-55

Interoretation
No

Interpretation

base metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4.01.1 1.12
exclusions from .......................
1.76, 5-1 4. 8-30
heat treatment required
5-19
in qualifying procedures .........................
8.29
of aluminum filler metals ........................
2-19
1-65
of austenitic stainless steel ........................
of bolting materials ............................
4-1 5
1.76, 5-21
of the heat affected zone ....................
of weldments ....................
1.12, 1.65, 1.76, 5-21
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15-23
temperature limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.14. 8.30. 14-12

requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8.15.
sensitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
temperature correction for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.35,
tatfluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
test oressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..........................

Lethal Substance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6-04
8.32
5.09
5-20
5.20
5~17
6-04

Installed Piping ...............................

1-30

7-07, 8.01

Internal Piping, Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-8

loint Factors
for ASTM A 234. ASTM A 312, ASTM A 403 . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
for branch connections ..........................
8-06
for circumferential welds.........................
1-42
for longitudinal and spiral welds . . . . . . . . . . .1.78, 3-11, 8-06
Joints
alignment ..................................
circumferential bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
exposed during test .........................
2.6.
instrument tubing ..............................
special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tapered pipe thread ...........................
threaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lateral Fitting

15-07
5-1 1
3-10
7-07
8-13
16-15
11-1 6

................................

1-6

Leak Tests
acceptance criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.2. 15.22, 16-03
alternative . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.09, 5.07. 6.08. 8-15. 12.01. 12-21
8-3 1
as nondestructuve examination ....................
for Category D fluid service.......................
1-36
2-31
for system designed for O psi ......................
1-2
isolation of test pump ............................
leakage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4
minimum hydrostatic test pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.23. 4-04
1-2
minor repairs and additions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of discharge piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-72
of newly constructed systems . . . . . . . . . . 1.4. 5.02. 5.22. 8-1 5
of piping and vessel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-63
3-3
of piping connecting equipment ....................
5.22. 12-21
of replacement piping .....................
2.6. 3-1O. 5-23
painting before test .....................
8-31
personnel qualification ..........................
pneumatic test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11.07. 11-19, 12.02, 13-06
preparation for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.6, 3-1 O, 5.02, 5.23, 12-03
reduced pressure (hydrostatic test) . . . . . . . . . 1.61. 2.23. 13-13
Cumulative

liquid Penetrant Examination


requirements ...............................
Low Temperature Requirements

1.73

. 1 1.14

. . . . . . . . . . . see Impact Tests

Materials

API 5L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.78. 2.4. 3.9. 3.11. 6.01. 6-06


API 5LX
.2.4. 11-05
2-20
ASTMA234 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASTM A 312 .........................
1.29. 1.77. 2.20
11.13
ASTM A 351 ................................
8.25
ASTM A 387 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.77. 2-20
ASTM A 403 .............................
8-07
ASTMA487 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASTMA537 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
1-38
ASTMA570 .................................
1-13
ASTMA587 .................................
1-11
ASTM A 633 .................................
3-8
ASTMA658 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.48
ASTM A 671 .................................
2.19
ASTM B 241 .................................
ASTM B 337 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
8.11
ASTM B 464 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-13
austenitic stainless steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-05
bases for design stresses ........................
certification ........................
5-1O. 8.02. 13-10
8.18. 8-34
conforming to two grades . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.22
notch sensitive. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.19
reidentification ...............................
5-19
toughness requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
unlisted material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.05. 1140. 15-04

...............................

Miter Bends
pressure design of

.........................

1.22. 5-11

Near Straight Sawtooth Runs


explanation of ................................

1-33

Nomenclature

d.........................................

1-54
1-28
t" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-75
Tw. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-04, 5-16

r .........................................

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1 7.
in Category M Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.09.
joint requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14-17.
pressure design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Index .
B31.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 6

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

13-13
1-25
1-43
12-19
12-04

Limitations
on imperfections .....................
see Imperfections
on hardness ..................................
2.2
on tubing size .............................
2.13. 3-6

Imperfections(see also Acceptance Criteria)


concave root surface ........................
1.1.
determination of ..............................
lack of fusion ................................
1.9, 5.13, 5.16.
porosity .........................
slag inclusion ................................
tungsten inclusions .........................
1.9.
1.14. 2.8.
undercutting..........................

Instrument Piping .........................

No.

Subiect

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11-1 8
8-35
8-14
14-18

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Subiect

interpretation

No.

Subiect

Notch Smsitive
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

interpretation

No.

Subia

..............

2.22

and test pressure


11 .07. 1 1 -1 9. 12.04. 14-09
setting ............................
1.32. 7.01. 12-04
stop valves ............................
10-1O. 12-18

Ocruional Variations

(pressure/temperature diwances) . . . . . . . 1.3. 2.14. 4-11


loads ..........................
1.50. 2-15. 2-16. 2-17

Pressure surges

Owner
responsibilities

Pressure-Temperature Rating

.......................

1-26

Pipe supports

configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
longitudinal stress effects.........................
use of plastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.07
7-05

1-49

Plutic
lined pipe-use of screwed flanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.33
pipe suppolts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-49

........................

see Leak Tests

.........................

1-66

Poshvcld Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . .see Heat Treatment


Preheat

..........................

1-50

5-05. 8.34

see Heat Treatment

Pressure k g n
for elevated temperatures .........................
3-4
in the high pressure range ........................
1-68
of extruded headers ........................
1-21.1-70
of flanges and blanks .....................
10-14,13-15
of miter bends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
of nonmetallic piping components . . . . . . . . . . . .14-17, 14-18
Of pipe
1-42,1-54,1-57.1-68.1-70.

....................

see Leak Test

P r o g d v e Examination........ 1.5. 1.62. 3.5. 10-09.10-10.


10-12. 11.02. 1 1 .04. 13-12. 16.01. 16.02. 16-05

Published Specification..........................

1. 5

Radiographic Examination

100%

......................................

5-09

as supplementary examination.....................
8.38
random radiography. . . . . . . 1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2-12. 2.32. 3-12
records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
requirements
6.04. 11.01. 11.05. 12-03
selection of welds for examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-25
spot radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.62. 3-12
when PWHT is required ......................
1.64. 2-4

..................

Records
certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1O. 8.02. 10-03
of examinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 1 -1 1
of hardness tests ..............................
8.22
for radiographic examination......................
1'10
retention of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10

Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld .........................
clarification of terms .......................
limits of ...............................
Repairs
to welds

.4.03. 7-08
1.37. 11 -1 0
.2.27. 9.04

....................................

2.18

Responsibility
designer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rights of owner's inspection ......................

SlfegUardiw .................................
Scope

...........................

. i 0.11
10-03

5-12

see Code Coverage

S e i i C Loads ................................
stresses due to ...............................

4.07

. -1 7

2-11. 11-21.13-07.15-06.15-10

of unlisted components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-02.13-03.13-05


of listed components
16-14,16-18
of valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-04.1 3-15

.....................

Pressun Rating
valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
variations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.04

Severe Cydic Conditions


cyclic loading ................................
large rapid temperature change ....................
spiral welded pipe. ............................

5-12
8-09
7-03

.....................

1-33

Simplified Flexibility Analysis

4.11
standard Components

Pnrsure Relief evices

acceptable devices.........................

(h
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2.21. 2-29

manufacturers markings .....................


.3.7. 8-02
valves ............................
.5.05,8.04. 8-07
Cumulative Index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1
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--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

1-31

...........................

Poritia4l!4

.................

Pressure Test ...........................

Pipe
alterations of existing pipe .......................
13-04
curved and mitred segments .....................
15-14
elbowless ...................................
8.03
in corroded condition
2.15
made from plate ..........................
1.48. 8-36
of noncircular cross section ........................
3-2
pressure design .........................
13.07, 14-09
pressure testing ...............................
9.09
spiral welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-03
straight. under internal pressure . . . . . . . . . 10.20, 11 -21, 14-11

qualification of welding

.................................

1.26. 2.30. 5-22

Owner's Impector
qualifications of ...............................
responsibilities of ..............................

Pneumatic Tests

loads due to

S T D - A S M E 831.3 I N T N O * L b - E N G L

0759b7U UbUb8112 b 2 0

Interpretation
Subiect

Interpretation

No.
1

Standards
compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
superseded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.1 0
1-44

Stresses (seealso Allowable Stresses)


displacement stress range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.04.
due to cold spring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
due to occasional loads .........................
due to pressure surges ..........................
due to seismic loads............................
due to sustained loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-15. 16.04.
due to thermal gradients ..........................
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.20. 1.50. 2-15. 2.24.
4.12. 6-03R (Vol. 7). 6.07. 7.05.
reduction factors .............................

12-06
8-1 6
2-1 6
1-50
2.17
16-11
3-4
4.10.
8-16
16-1O

Stress Intensification Factors


application of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.34. 2.24. 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-56
branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
1-7
for 816.9 tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for fabricated intersections ....................
1-6, 5-1 5
for tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.46. 1.55. 1.71. 5.01. 12.08. 12-17
for unlisted components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13-05
1.6. 12-11
for welded elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature
bending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16-08
design minimum temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.02, 14.08,
14.12. 15.11, 15-16
8.09
large changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1 3. 5.14. 15-12. 15-25
4.11
reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16-09
verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermoplastic Piping
neat fusion joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
solvent cemented joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
specific requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13-08
10-8
10-06

Tubing
category M fluid service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16-17
joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-07
.2.13. 3-6
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thickness Allowances
in stress calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

831.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1


Cumulative index .

No .

Subiect

1-20

Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Unlisted
components . . . . . . . . . . 1.6. 1-51. 3.6, 4.05. 5.05. 8.7. 10-18.
10-11. 10-07. 12.09. 13.02. 13.03. 13-05
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see Materials

Valves

Category M Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


8-35
16-16
Flanged Ball Valves ...........................
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.07. 15-26
8.04
pressure build up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.05
ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Visual Examination

internal ...........................
8-1O. 8.26. 13-16
requirements ......................
.2.28.10.03.1 3.16

Washers. Use of

...............................

2.5

Weld
bevels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12-10
definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14-03
examination of welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-15. 11.01. 11-14.
13-16. 14-14. 14-15. 15-02
fillet size .........................
1.74. 10.19. 16-06
for branch connections . . . . . . . . 2-1O. 4.03. 4-14. 8.37. 11-10
imperfections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .see Acceptance Criteria
2.20. 3-11. 4-18
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12-12
13.01. 14-04
preparation for welding ....................
1-66
qualification of position .........................
7.08. 11-08
reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-18
socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.02. 6.05. 10-19. 15.08. 16-06
7-02
spacing of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Welder Qualification
by others . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15-19

Welding Procedure
qualification of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12. 1.65. 1.66. 1.76.
8.23. 8.29. 11.09. 14.05.
responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.07.
specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.21.

4-1 7.
14-13
12-12
8-22

6
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S T D - A S M E B 3 L - 3 I N T N O . 1 5 - E N G L PI 13757b70 05840313 L L 3

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 15
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1, 1996, Through March 31, 1997

General Information

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3 as part
of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in chronological order.
Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the interpretation, or if none is stated,
to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent revisions
to the Code may have superseded the reply. These interpretations are not part of the Code or its
Addenda.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the
interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply bearing
the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons aggrieved
by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the
Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve, certify, rate, or endorse
any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix 2.
Code Reference and Subject indexes
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1 up to
and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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S T D * ASME B3L.3 I N T N O -

L 5 - E N G L H 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0 5 8 4 0 3 1 0 5 T 111

B31.3
Interpretation

Subject

15-08
15-20
15-26
15-09
15-15
15-10
15-06
15-14
15-05
15-24
15-04
15-12

.................
Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials
Para. 323.4, Fluid Service Requirements for Materials . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.................
Para. 328.2.3, Performance Qualification by Others
Para. 331.1.3(b), Heat Treatment Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..........................
Para. 332.4.2(a), Cold Bending and Forming . . . .
Para. 335.1.1(c), Alignment; Flanged Joints , . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.....................
Para. 341, Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.......................
Para. 342 and Para. 344.2, Examination . . . . . . .
.......................
Para. 345.9.1(a), Examination of Welds . . . . . . .
Para. X302.2.3, Leak Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
..............................
Table A-1, Allowable Stresses . . . . . . . . . .
Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperatures
Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperatures Without Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materials . . . .
Table 323.3.1, Impact Testing Requirements for Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15-25
15-03
15-19
15-18
15-17
15-07
15-13
15-21
15-02
15-22
15-01
15-11
15-16
15-23

831-96-009
B31-96-039
B3 1-96-049
B31-96-010
B3 1-96-020
B31-96-011
B3 1-96-007
B 1-96-01
3 8
B3 1-95-052
B3 1-96-045
B31-95-048
B31-96-015,
B31-96-016
B31-96-047
B31-95-046
B3 1-96-037
B3 1-96-036
B3 1-96-034
B3 1-96-008
B 1-96-01
3 7
B 1-96-04
3 1
B3 1-95-045
B3 1-96-043
B31-95-044
B3 1-96-014
B 1-96-02
3 1
B3 1-96-044

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Fig. 328.5.2B Sketch (3), Socket Welding Flange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Hardness Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
....................................
Metallic Valves Lined with a Nonmetal
Para. 300.1.3, Scope; Exclusions , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 302.3.5, Limits of Calculated Stresses Due to Sustained Loads and Displacement Strains .
Para. 304.1, Pressure Design of Components; Straight Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.1.1, Pressure Design of Components; Straight Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.2, Curved and Mitered Segments of Pipe.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 304.3.3, Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections . . , . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 319.3. I(b), Thermal Expansion Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Para. 323.1.2, Unlisted Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.................
Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed Materials

File No

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S T D - A S M E B3L.3 I N T N O - 1 5 - E N G L

0 7 5 7 b 7 0 0 5 8 4 0 3 2 T7b

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

=
15-01, 15-02

Interpretation: 15-01

Subject:

ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Table A-1, Allowable Stresses

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-95-044
Question (1): Are the material requirements of ASME SA-106 the same as ASTM A 106?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (2): When doing an ASME B3 1.3 system stress evaluation, what allowable stresses are used
for ASTM A 106 or ASME SA-106?
Reply (2): Those listed in ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Table A-1 for ASTM A 106.

Interpretation: 15-02

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 345.9.1(a), Examination of Welds

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-95-045

Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, is it permissible to perform magnetic


particle examination of a circumferential weld in lieu of radiography as specified in para. 345.9.1(a)?

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply: No.

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-~

STD.ASME B31.3 I N T N O . 1 5 - E N G L 1 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0584033 7 2 2


15-03, 15-04

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

Interpretation: 15-03

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 323.4, Fluid Service Requirements for


Materials

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-95-046

Question (1): Does the ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda permit the use of gray cast iron at temperatures down to - 150F
Reply (1): Yes, however, see para. 323.4.2(b) and F323.4(a).
Question (2): For temperatures below -20"F, are there any special toughness test requirements for
gray cast iron?
Reply (2): No. See Table 323.2.2, Box B-l.
Question (3): For any temperatures below -20F, are the allowable stresses at -20F applicable?
Reply (3): Yes.

Interpretation: 15-04

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 323.1.2, Unlisted Materials

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-95-048

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, can API 5L X65 pipe be qualified
under para. 323.1.2 for Normal Fluid Service?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Can API 5L X65 pipe be qualified for applications above operating temperatures of
100F under para. 323.2.3 for Normal Fluid Service?
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply (2): Yes.

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STD-ASME B31-3

INT N O -

15-ENGL

0 7 5 7 b 7 0 0 5 8 4 0 3 4 Ab7

15-05, 15-06, 15-07

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 15


Interpretation: 15-05

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 304.3.3, Reinforcement of Welded Branch


Connections

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B31-95-052

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, para. 304.3.3, is it permissible to


multiply the required area replacement in Eq.(6) by factor F from ASME Section VIII, Division 1, 1995
Edition, Fig. UG-37? The nozzle is welded on a cylindrical header as per Fig. UW-16.1 sketch (a).
Reply: No, except as provided in para. 300(c)(3) considering the design conditions of para. 301 and
design criteria of para. 302.

Interpretation: 15-06

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 304.1.1, Pressure Design of Components;


Straight Pipe

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-007

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, para. 304.1.1, shall the quality factor
E also include ligament efficiency?
Reply: No; see para. 304.3 for the reinforcement of multiple openings.

Interpretation: 15-07

Subject:

ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 335.1.1(c), Alignment; Flanged Joints

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-008

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, para. 335.1.1(c), prior to bolting up


a flanged joint, may the flange faces be out of alignment from the design plane by more than 1/16 in./ft
(0.5%), provided the misalignment is considered in the design of the flanged assembly and attached
piping in accordance with para. 300(c)(3)?
Reply: Yes.

175

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~~~

S T D - A S M E 8 3 1 . 3 I N T N O - 1 5 - E N G L W 0 7 5 7 b 7 0 058Li035 7 T 5
15-08, 15-09, 15-10

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

Interpretation: 15-08

Subject:

ASME 431.3~-1995Addenda, Fig. 328.5.2B Sketch (3), Socket Welding Flange

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-009

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, may the fillet weld shown in Fig.
328.5.2B Sketch (3) (socket welding flange) be repositioned to the inside of the pipe?

Interpretation: 15-09

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 300.1.3, Scope; Exclusions

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B31-96-010

Question: Does ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda apply to internal fuel gas manifolds installed in a fired
heater?
Reply: No, see paras. 300.1.3(c) and (d).

Interpretation: 15-10

Subject

ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 304.1, Pressure Design of Components;


Straight Pipe

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-011

Question: May the internal pressure design thickness t be computed in accordance with the provisions of ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, paras. 304.1.1 and 304.1.2 when t is greater than or equal to
D / 6 and P/SE > 0.385?
Reply: Yes. However, it is the responsibility of the designer to provide the special consideration
required in para. 304.1.2(b). Alternatively, as an option to the owner, the design may be in accordance
with Chapter IX.

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Reply: No, unless qualified under para. 304.7.

S T D - A S M E B 3 1 - 3 I N T N O . LS-ENGL

SI! 17759670 058LiD3b b 3 L S

B 3 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

15-11, 15-12

Interpretation: 15-11

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperature Without


Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materials

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-014

Question (1): Does the assigned curve in the second sentence of Box B-3, Table 323.2.2, ASME
B31.3~-1995Addenda refer to the curve assignment from Table A-l?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): If the material has been heat treated per Note (2) or (3), Fig. 323.2.2, is further heat
treatment or impact testing of the base metal required for use below the original assigned curve, but above
the reassigned curve?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 15-12

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed


Materials

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-015, B3 1-96-016

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, when making blind flanges of
carbon steel plate materials which have a Fig. 323.2.2 Curve assignment in Table A-1, is the thickness
of the finished blind considered the nominal thickness when using Fig. 323.2.2 to establish the need for
impact testing?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): For carbon steel materials with a letter designation in the Min. Temp. column of Table
A-1, can flanges manufactured in accordance with ASME B16.5 be used at temperatures down to - 10F
without impact testing regardless of thickness?
Reply (2): No, the requirements of para. 323.2.2 apply.

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15-13, 15-14

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

Interpretation: 15-13
Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 341, Examination

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-017

Question: If a fabricated valve meets all the requirements of ASME B16.34, does ASME B31.3~1995 Addenda require that nondestructive examination in accordance with ASME B3 1.3 also be performed on the valve?
Reply: No, see also Interpretation 12-12.

Interpretation: 15-14
Subject:

ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 304.2, Curved and Mitered Segments of Pipe

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-018

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, para. 304.2.1, can the minimum
required thickness t , of a bend, after bending, be determined by taking in consideration of lower
(pressure) stresses on the outside of a bend (and higher pressure stresses on the inside of the bend) than
on a straight pipe with identical wall thickness?
Reply (1): No, except as provided in para. 300(c)(3).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Chapter IX (High Pressure Piping),
can the minimum required thickness t , of a bend, after bending, be determined by taking into consideration lower stresses on the outside of a bend (and higher stresses on the inside of the bend) than on a
straight pipe with identical wall thickness?
Reply (2): No, except as provided in para. 300(c)(3).

178

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S T D - A S M E B 3 1 . 3 INT N O - 1 5 - E N G L

0757670 0584038 4 0 4

83 1.3 I n t e r p r e t a t i o n s No. 15

=
15-15, 15-16

Subject:

ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 302.3.5, Limits of Calculated Stresses due to


Sustained Loads and Displacement Strains

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-020

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Interpretation: 15-15

Question (1): What is the definition of sustained loadings as intended in ASME B31.3~-1995
Addenda, para. 302.3.5(c)?
Reply (1): The Code does not offer for sustained loadings other than in the referenced paragraph.
Sustained loads do not typically include forces resulting from applied displacements such as restrained
thermal growth. See para. 319.2.3.
Question (2): When flanges are subjected to external forces and moments, is it permissible to
calculate the stresses in the flange due to these forces and moments using BPV Code, Section VIII,
Division 1, Appendix 2, and using the equivalent pressure calculated from these forces and moments?
Reply (2): The Code does not provide specific design formulas for the design of flange joints
subjected to applied external forces and moments except as provided in para. 300(c)(3). However,
external forces and moments shall be considered in design. See paras. 3 19.1.1 and 321.1.1.

Interpretation: 15-16

Subject :

ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperature Without


Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materials

Date Issued:

May 21, 1996

File:

B31-96-02 1

Question (i): Does the assigned curve in the second sentence of Box B-3, Table 323.2.2, ASME
B31.3~-1995Addenda refer to the curve assignment from Table A-l?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): If the material has been heat treated per Notes (2) or (3), Fig. 323.2.2, is further heat
treatment or impact testing of the base metal required for use below the original assigned curve, but above
the reassigned curve?
Reply (2): No.

179

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B 3 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

15-17, 15-18

Interpretation: 15-17

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 332.4.2(a), Cold Bending and Forming

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-034

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 332.4.2(a), cold bending and
forming, can the elongation value for SA-106 B reported in the Certified Material Test Report be
substituted for the specified basic minimum elongation in calculating the maximum fiber elongation?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 15-18

Subject:

ASME B3 1.301993 Addenda, Para. 33 1.1.3(b), Heat Treatment Requirements

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-036

Question (1): In accordance with ASMEB31.3c-1993 Addenda, Table 331.1.1 and para. 331.1.3(b),
do socket welds and seal welds with P-No. 5 materials with a chromium content greater than 3% but
less than lo%, a carbon content less than 0.15%, and a weld throat thickness of 0.5 in. or less require
postweld heat treatment if matching filler material is used?
Reply (1): Yes,unless applicable provisions of para. 331.1.3(b) are met.
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Table 331.1.1 and para. 331.1.3(b),
do socket welds and seal welds with P-No. 5 materials with a chromium content greater than 3% but
less than lo%, a carbon content less than 0.15%, and a weld throat thickness of 0.5 in. or less require
postweld heat treatment if a non-air-hardening filler metal is used?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Table 331.1.1 and paras. 331.1.3(b)
and 331.1.7, if a non-air-hardenable filler is used, is the base metal HAZ required to be 241 maximum
Brinell hardness for P-No. 5 materials with chromium content greater than 3% but less than lo%?
Reply (3): Yes,unless the applicable provisions of para. 331.3(b) are met.
Question (4): In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Table 331.1.1 and para. 331.1.3(b),
do the requirements of para. 331.1.3(b) override the requirements of Table 331.1.1 relating to base metal
group and/or the specified minimum tensile strength?
Reply (4): No, unless the applicable provisions of para. 331.1.3(b) are met.

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B 3 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

15-19, 15-20

Interpretation: 15-19

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, Para. 328.2.3, Performance Qualification by Others

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-037

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. 328.2.3, is it acceptable for an
employer to accept a welder performance qualification previously conducted by an organization whose
welder qualification program, with the exception of testing under the full supervision and control of the
manufacturer, contractor, assembler, or installer, complies fully with the provisions of ASME Section
IX?
Reply: No.

interpretation: 15-20

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Hardness Testing

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-039
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Question: Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition require P-No. 1 carbon steel welds, hot bends, and
hot-formed components locally heat treated to be hardness tested?
Reply: No.

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S T D m A S M E B 3 1 . 3 I N T NO. I S - E N G L

U 7 5 9 b 7 0 0584043 T T 7 U

15-21

B 3 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

Interpretation: 15-21

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3a-1993 Addenda, Paras. 342 and 344.2, Examination

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-041

Question (1): Does ASME B31.3a-1993 Addenda, paras. 342 and/or 344.2 require that personnel
performing visual examinations required by paras. 341.4 and 344.7 be qualified and certified in accordance with SNT-TC-1A, Recommended Practice for Nondestructive Testing Personnel Qualification and
Certification?
Reply (i): No.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3a-1993 Addenda, paras. 342 and/or 344.2 require that personnel
performing visual examinations required by paras. 341.4 and 344.7 be qualified and certified to AWS
QCl, Standard for Qualification and Certification of Welding Inspectors?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): Does ASME B31.3a-1993 Addenda, paras. 342 and 344.2 permit that the visual
examinations required by paras. 341.4 and 344.7 be performed by personnel that (1) meet the physical
requirements of ASME BPV Code, Section V, Article 9, (2) are competent to perform visual examination
in accordance with the manufacturers written procedures and (3) the employer certifies and makes
available records of the examiner which show dates and results of qualifications?
Reply (3): Yes.
Question (4): Does ASME B31.3a-1993 Addenda, paras. 342 and 344.2 permit that the visual
examinations required by paras. 341.4 and 344.7 be performed by personnel that (1) meet the physical
requirements of ASME BPV Code Section C, Article 9, (2) have training and experience commensurate
with the needs of the visual examinations required by paras. 341.4 and 344.7, (3) have demonstrated
competence to perform the visual examinations using the employers written procedures through written
and practical testing administered by the employer, and (4) the employer certifies and makes available
records of the examiner which show dates and results of qualification?

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Reply (4): Yes.

182

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STD.ASME B3L.3 I N T N O . LS-ENGL M 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0 5 8 4 0 4 2 7 3 5

15-22, 15-23, 15-24

B 3 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

Interpretation: 15-22

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, Para. X302.2.3, Leak Test

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-043

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. X302.2.3, is a pneumatic leak check
of an expansion joint at a test pressure of 110% of the design pressure, in accordance with para. 345.5,
an acceptable test?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 15-23

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, Table 323.3.1, Impact Testing Requirements for Metals

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-044

Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, when qualifying welding procedures
which require impact testing, is the thickness range qualified to T/2 to T + Y4 in. rather than the range
given in ASME Section IX, QW-403.10?
Reply: Yes, provided the criteria and thickness limits specified in ASME Section IX, para. QW403.10 are not exceeded. See ASME B31.3, Table 323.3.1, box A-5.

Interpretation: 15-24

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3-1996 Edition, Para. 3 19.3.l(b), Thermal Expansion Data

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-045

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1996 Edition, para. 319.3.1(b), must all thermal
conditions of a piping system be evaluated for end reactions on equipment?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3 provide specific allowable piping load limits for end reactions on
equipment?
Reply (2): No.

183
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15-25, 15-26

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 15

Interpretation: 15-25

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 323.2.2, Lower Temperature Limits, Listed


Materials

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-047

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3~-1995Addenda, Para. 323.2.2 and Table 323.2.2, does
P-No. 1 carbon steel subject to metal temperatures between -20F and -50F with coincident pressure
in excess of 25% of the maximum allowable design pressure require impact testing?
Reply: Yes, except as provided in Note ( 5 ) of Table 323.2.2.

Interpretation: 15-26

Subject:

ASME 331.3-1996 Edition, Metallic Valves Lined with a Nonmetal

Date Issued:

October 30, 1996

File:

B3 1-96-049

Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition prohibit the use of a metallic valve lined with a
nonmetal in Category M Fluid Service?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition address a sensitive leak test for a metallic valve lined
with a nonmetal?
Reply (2): No.

184
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STDsASME B31-3 INT N O - 15-ENGL

0757b70 0 5 8 4 0 4 q 708

CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 831.3-1 990 or later Editions. References in brackets
are to previous Editions and Addenda.)

Interpretation

Interpretation

introduction .........................
. l-3, 1-6, 1-7, 13-04
300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-10, 8-17
300(b) . . . . . . . . . . ..1-26, 1-32, 4-08, 5-03, 8-09, 10-11, 13-14
3-2, 3-4, 4-10, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 7-05, 8-30, 13-02
3OOc)
300W [300(e)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l - 3 , 1-6, 1-7
7-10, 8-17, 9-06, 12-20
300.1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
, 4-19, 6-01, 8-01, 9-02
300.1.1 . . . . . . . . . 1
Fig. 300.1.1 ....................
1-8, 1-19, 2-26, 7-10, 8-17
300.1.3 [300.1.4]
1-8, 1-16, 1-19, 1-26, 3-2, 15-09
...................... .lo-O5
300.2
Category D Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13, 5-03, 6-01

owner . . . . . . . . . . . . .
piping components ......................
piping system . . . . . . . .

No.

Code Reference,
304.3.2
304.3.3

................................

Fig. 304.3.3

8-37, 11-1O, 12-05, 14-10, 15-05


.8-37

......................................
...................
...................

. . . . . . . .9-1 o
3-2, 4-05, 5-05, 5-11, 6-09, 10-07,
10-1 1, 10-18, 12-09, 13-02, 13-03, 13-05, 13-1 1
304.7.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-16
. . . . . . .3-8, 3-9

304.7.2

. . . . . . . . . . . . 1-51,

305.2.3

.............
. . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-03

301

..........

...........
301.3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-02, 6-05
10-04
311.2.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
312 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

308.2.1

.........................

Table 314.2.1
301.7.2

.............
315.3..

...

........

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-50
4-1 1, 7-01, 7-04, 8-04, 14-09
.13-15
302.2.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
302.3.2 .
1-18, 1-38, 2-16, 3-1 3, 8-25, 1 1-05
302.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-20
Table 302.3.4
. . . . . . . . . l-42, 1-78, 2-20, 3-1 1
302.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20, 1-50, 2-14, 2-15, 2-24, 3-4,
4-10, 4-1 2, 6-03R (Vol. 71, 6-07, 7-04,
7-05, 8-16, 15-15
.l-50, 2-15, 2-16, 2-17
302.3.6 ...........................
. . . . . . . ..l-20
302.4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-42, 1-54, 1-70, 13-07, 15-06, 15-1 O
304.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..l-42, 1-57, 1-68, 1-70, 2-11, 10-20
304.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15-14
304.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fig. 304.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
304.3
. . . . . . . . . . . ..l-21, 1-4

8-13

..........................

2-17

319.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
319.4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
319.7.. . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . ..l-16, 7-05
321.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
322.6.1

...................

. .lo-10, 12-18

323.1.1 . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-19
1-11, 1-15, 1-48, 2-1,
323.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-06, 8-07, 8-19, 1 1-03, 15-04
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-9
323.2 . . . . . . . . . . . .

(a)

Cumulative Index - 83 1.3 Interpretations Vols. 1- 15

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No.
-

Code Reference

~~

S T D - A S M E B31.3 I N T NO

15-ENGL

0759b70 0584045 b44

Interpretation

No.
-

Code Reference

323.2.1 ...........................................
1-13
323.2.2 ...................................
.15-12. 15-25
Fig. 323.2.2 . . . . . .
............................ .l4-08
Table 323.2.2
[Table 323.2.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12, 1-48, 1-65, 1-76,
2-19, 3-8, 4-01, 4-1 5, 14-12, 15-11, 15-16
323.3

........................................

Table 323.3.1
[Table 323.2.21

1-76, 5-13

. . . . . . . . . 1-12, 1-76, 4-17, 5-19, 5-21, 8-29,

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

10-2, 11-12, 15-23


........................... 8-30
323.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
323.3.5 ............................................
15-03
323.4 ............................................
.lo-01, 10-19
323.4.2 ...................................
Table 323.3.5 ......................................
5-14
Table 326.1 ................... .l-11, 1-51, 2-3, 8-07, 8-34
328 ........................................ 7-02, 12-12
12-07
328.1 ............................................
.l-66, 11-09, 14-13
328.2 [327.5] .........................
328.2.1 [327.5.1, 327.5.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..l-76, 4-17, 8-29

328.4

Interpretation

...................................... 1-31
........................... 10-16, 15-13
6.1.31 . . . . . . . .l-10, 1-26, 1-27, 2-28, 10-03
1336.51 ...............................
.l-64, 2-4

340.4 1336.2)

341.3.1
341.3.2 ..........................
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...5-09, 13-16
.14-02, 14-07, 14-15
Table 341.3.2 ........................
[Table 327.4.1Al ........... 1-1, 1-9, 1-14, 1-41, 2-8, 5-04,
5-13, 5-16, 5-17, 5-18, 5-20, 6-04, 7-06,
[Table 341.3.2Al . . . .8-32, 8-38, 9-04, 11-08, 11-14, 12-22,
13-16
..................................... 14-14
, 336.5.41 . . . . . . . . . 1-62, 2-25, 2-32, 3-5, 3-14,
10-09, 10-12, 11-02, 11-04, 13-12
341.4 1336.51 ..................1-24, 1-45, 3-12, 5-20, 11-01
341.4.1 [336.5.1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 1-26, 1-27, 1-60, 2-12,
2-28, 3-7, 3-12, 4-12, 5-10,
8-02, 8-10, 8-26, 10-03, 10-17,
11-11, 11-14, 11-15
............................. 8-38
341.4.3 ..........................................
8-10
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-38

............................
.............................

15-21
2-28
. . . . . . . .2-28

.........
344.1

328.5.1 (327.4.13 ...................................


5-17
328.5.2 [327.4.2]. .....................
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.21 ............ 1-2
8-27, 15-08
328.5.4 [327.4.4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-59, 1-74, 2-10, 4-03,
4-14, 7-08, 8-13, 10-04, 13-11
Fig. 328.5.4 [Fig. 327.4.41 ............ 1-59, 1-74, 4-03, 4-16,
7-08
2-18
328.6 .............................................
330 ..................................
330.1 .............................................
8-23
Table 330.1.1 ...................................... 9-05
8-12
331 ..............................................
33 1.1.1 ...............................
.8-08, 9-05, 14-01
Table 331.1.1
[Table 331.3.11 ......... 1-69, 2-2, 5-06, 8-24, 9-03, 12-14,
14-16
8-05
331.1.2 ...........................................
331.1.3 1331.3.61 .............. 1-39, 1-59, 4-06, 5-06, 9-03,
11-06, 14-01, 15-18
5-08
331.1.4 [331.1.2] ...................................
331.1.6 [331.3.4] ...................................
5-08
.l-78, 8-22
331.1.7 I331.3.21 .............................
.l-39, 1-78
331.2.2 I331.1.11 .............................
8-05
331.3.4 ...........................................
8-05
331.3.7 ...........................................
332.1 .............................................
8-03
.l-23, 1-53, 4-02, 8-20
332.2 1329.13 ......................
2-2
332.4 1329.3, 330.21 .................................
332.4.2 ....................................
11-03, 15-17
335.1.1 .......................................... 15-07
2-5
335.2 ..............................................
340.2 [336.1.2] ....................................
1-26
340.3 (336.31 ...............................
.l-10, 10-03

b)

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

No.
-

Code Reference

...........

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13-12
...1-10,

1-60, 2-12

. . . . . . . . . . . . .1-60
344.7.1 ............................
345 [337] ......................
.l-2,
345.1 [337.1] ............ .l-4, 1.30, 4-04, 6-08, 8-15, 12-21
345.2.2 ...........................................
8-31
1-35
345.2.4 [337.4.3] ...................................
.l-2, 5-22
345.2.6 [337.1] ...............................
345.3 [337.3] ......................
.2-6, 3-10, 5-02, 12-03
.......................... 8-04
.......................... 12-19
345.4.2 1337.4.11 ......... 1-35, 1-61, 1-63, 2-23, 4-04, 9-09,
13-13
345.4.3 [337.4.2]. ..................................
1-63
345.5 1337.4.41 ..............l-35, 1-43, 6-08, 11-07, 13-06
345.5.2 ..........................................
11-19
345.5.4 ..........................................
12-02
1-36
345.7 [337.5.2] ....................................
.l-25, 3-10
345.8 [337.6] ................................
345.9 [337.5.1] ........ 4-09, 5-07, 6-08, 8-15, 10-15, 12-01,
12-21, 15-02
8-14
A304 .............................................
.14-17, 14-18
A304.1.1 ..................................
1-67
A304.5.1 ..........................................
A304.7.2 .........................................
13-08
11-17
A305 ............................................
8-33
A314 .............................................
A323.4.2 ...................................
10-06, 11-18
7-09
A327.2.4 ..........................................
..............10-8
A328.2(a) ........................
A328.2.1 .........................
..............8-14
................ .8-14, 10-08, 13-08
A328.5 . . . . . . . . . . .

Cumulative Index .
831.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-15

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

STD-ASME B34.3 I N T NO- 15-ENGL I


I 0757b70 058404b 580 9
Interpretation
Code Reference

No.
-

......................

M305.1
M307.2

.......
.......

.11-21, 14-11

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12-15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-13, 3-6

M323.1.3

..................................

Interpretation

No.

Code Reference
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table i ]

. . . . . . . . . . 1-13,

1-18, 1-29, 1-38, 1-48,


1-77, 2-1, 3-8, 3-9, 3-13, 4-12,
4-13, 6-01, 6-06, 7-03, 8-11,
8-18, 8-25, 8-34, 8-36, 11-13, 12-09,
15-01
Table A-1 B [Table 11
. .l-78, 2-20, 4-18, 7-03
Appendix D . . . . . . . . .
-6, 1-7, 1-34, 1-46, 1-55,
1-56, 1-71, 2-7, 2-24, 4-16,
5-01, 5-1 5, 6-06, 12-08, 12-1 1, 12-17, 13-05
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-44 5-10

.........................

....................
Appendix H

5-12

......................

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Appendix M .....................
Appendix X, X3.1.3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12-23
Appendix X, X3.2.2 ......................
Appendix X, X302.2.3
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..15-22
Case 137.. . . . . . . . . .
Case 141 . . . . . . . .

Cumulative index - 631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 5

Copyright ASME International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

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S T D - A S M E 331.3 I N T N O - 15-ENGL 1 0 7 5 7 b 7 0 0 5 8 4 0 4 7 LI17

SUBJECT INDEX
Interpretation
N O.
-

Subject

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-2
weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1, 1.9. 1.14. 1.41. 2.8. 5.09. 5.13.
5-17. 5-1 8. 5.20. 6.04. 7.06. 8.32. 12.22. 13-16. 14.02.
14-07
Allowable loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14.06

Allowable Stresses .................................


4.12
bases for . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..1.18, 3.13. 8.11. 8.25. 10.13. 15-01
for ASTM A 312 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-29
for ASTM A 351 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-13
for ASTM A 387 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-25
for ASTM A 570 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
for ASTM A 587 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
for ASTM A 671 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-48
for ASTM 6 464 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11
for austenitic stainless steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Alterations of Piping

. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.04

Alternative Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Authorized Inspector

......

. . . see Owner's Inspector

.4.02, 8.03. 15-17

Bending

Bends
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
corrugated .....................
miter .........................
. . . . . . . . see Miter Bends
reduction of outside diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.20

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Bonding Qualification Test


hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-14
minimum burst pressure ........................
.7.09, 8-14
procedure specifications for plastic piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-08
solvent cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
Bonds
heat fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
test assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bolting Materials
Cumulative index

No.

Branch Connections
extruded outlets .........................
.1.37. 2.27. 6-09
flexibility analysis ...................................
9-01
integrally reinforced fitting .....................
4.05. 1 1-1 0
projection into run pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8.28. 9-03
reinforcement . . . . . . . . 8.06. 8.37. 12.05. 12-13. 4-1 O, 15-05
weld requirements . .2.1 O, 4.03, 4.14, 7.02, 7.08, 0.04, 13-1 1
Brazed joints
for flammable service ................................
Buckles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cast Irons
specific requirements

..............................

..................................

1.23. 1-53

. i 0.01

Category D Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.36
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4.13, 5-03
radiographic examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-38

8-14
8.14
7.09
4-15

Category M Fluid Service


clarification of term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-73, 9-02
double contained piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-35
leak test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-08
liquid oxygen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-09
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8.35, 9.02, 12-15
tubing size limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.13
"very small quantity" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-40
Code Coverage
631.3 versus 631.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-47, 7-10
fired heaters . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 5.09
general hydrocarbon service
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.01
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-01
. . . . . . . . . 5.22, 12-21
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-17
oil heating system
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-19
radioactive fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1 2-20
synfuel plant piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.52 2-26
tobacco plant piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Components (see also Fittings. Flanges. Standard
components. Unlisted and Valves)
certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.26. 3.7. 5-1 O. 13-10
design conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3
fabricated or flared laps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.03. 12-1 6

631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 5

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

1.1 7

. . . . . . . . . .see Leak Tests

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .13-09

Bellows . .

Interpretation
Subject

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

S T D - A S M E B 3 1 - 3 I N T NO . 15-ENGL m
Interpretation

No.
-

Subiect

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

in-line sensing devices ................................


8.01
referenced standards ..........................
. l-44, 5-1 O

flared. flareless. or
.3.6.
compression types ..........................
MSS SP-75 ........................................

12-16
1-11

.................................

1-17

Compressors
internai piping ......................................

. l-8

Flammable Service

Corrugated Bends ..................................

1.23

....................................

5.12

Flanges
assembly ...........................................
.1.67. 3.4.
design ...................................
general ...........................................
long welding neck ..................................
.5.12,
SIip-On ......................................
use of aluminum ....................................
use of raised and flat face metallic .....................

Cyclic loading

Design (seealso Pressure


Design)
additional design considerations ......................
12.13
conditions .......................................... 2-3
.l2.23
for stainless bellows ...............................
Lame theory ....................................... 1.57
10.02
minimum temperature ..............................
Displacement Stress

....................

.2.14.

Earthquake ..................................

2.24.

12-06

see Seismic

Empty System
transportation ......................................

9.06

Examination
extent of ..............................
.1.24. 5.18. 11-01
.3.14. 11-15
in-process ..................................
liquid pentrant .............. see Liquid Pentrant Examination
progressive ....................
.see Progressive Examination
radiographic ..................see Radiographic Examination
1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2.12.
random ...........................
2.32. 4.12. 11-15
11-11
records ..........................................
required ........ 1.24. 1.60. 6.04. 11.14. 11.15. 15.13. 15-21
.10.1 7. 11-14
severe cyclic conditions ......................
1-62
Spot ..............................................
visual ..............................
see visual examination
see ultrasonic examination
ultrasonic .......................
Exclusions
for compressors and internal piping ....................
for interconnecting piping ............................
listed in scope .....................................
Expansion Joints

......................

. l-16. 12.23.

Extruded Outiet
pressure design of .............................
.1.21.
tees considered as ..................................
Extruded Welded Tee

..............................

Fillet Weld
internal. slip-on flange ...............................
pressure containing ..................................
size ..............................................
use ...............................................

. l-8
1.19
.1 0-5
13-09

1-70
1.55

8.27
8.13
1-74
10-4

Fittings
816.9 ........................................
1-7, 5-01
conforming to two grades ............................
8-18
(f)

Flexibility Analysis
branch connections .................................
9.01
exemptions from ....................................
1.33
.13.05, 13-14
qualification ...............................
thermal expansion data ............................
.i5.24
Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
1.56
diameters ........................................
.1.55, 1.56. 5-01
for a tee ...............................
for components not listed
.1.55. 2-24
in Appendix D .............................
Flexibility Factors
basis for .........................................
. l-56
for 616.9 tees .........................
..1.7. 12.08. 12-17
for fabricated intersections .................. . l-6, 4.16. 5-15
for pressure piping components ......................
13.05
1.6
for welded elbows ....................................
Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon ................................
6.01
requirements. metallic ........... 11.16. 12.15. 12.16. 15-03
.l l -17. 11-18
requirements. nonmetallic ....................
responsibility for
.4.08. 8-09
categorizing ................................
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset ...........................................

...............................

. 1 3.08

Heat Treatment
cooling rate .......................................
. l-69
for austenitic stainless steel ..........................
. l-65
for bending and forming
........................ 2-2
for flared laps ............... ......................
11-03
for valve parts .............. .......................
8-12
governing thickness ......... . .1.39. 1.59. 4.06. 5-06. 11-06
heating rate ................ .......................
1-69
local .....................
..................5-08. 8-05
monitoring ................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.08. 8-05

......

Cumulative Index

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

1-58

Hardness
limitations on .......................................
2.2
8-22
records ...........................................
testing ............................................
15.20
Heat Fusion joints

5.01

2-5
9-7
9.1 0
4.05
8-27
1.51
9.07

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

.
63 .3 interpretations Vols . 1-1 5

S T D - A S M E B 3 L - 3 I N T NO

0 7 5 9 b 7 0 05840Li7 29T 111

15-ENGL
Interpretation

No.

Subiect

requirements . . . . . . . 8.08. 8.21. 8.23. 8.24. 9.03. 9.05. 12.14.


14.01. 14.16. 15-18
8.24
SP-1 through SP-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
when radiography is
. l-64, 2-4
required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Hydrostatic lests

.........................

Interpretation

. s e e Leak Tests

Impact lests
absorbed energy data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.9
alternative methods
8-30
base metal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.01, 11-1 2
. . . . .1.76, 5.14, 8-30
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-19
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
. l-65
of austenitic stainless steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of bolting materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-76, 5-21
of the heat affected zone
of weldments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.l-12. 1-65, 1-76. 5-21
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-23
temperature limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.14, 8-30, 14-12

isolation of test pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


1-2
leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . 1.4
minimum hydrostatic test
pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of discharge piping . . .
of newly constructed
systems . . . . . .

Instrument Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Piping. Equipment

. l -30

1.4, 5-02, 5-22, 8-15

of piping connecting
equipment ........................................
of replacement piping
painting before test ...
personnel qualification
preparation for

3-3

..
1-61, 2-23, 13-13

test pressure

Imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)


concave root surface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1. 6-04
8-32
determination of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lack of fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-09
.1.9, 5.13. 5.16. 5-20
porosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
slag inclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.20
tungsten inclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-9, 5-17
1-14, 2.8, 6-04
undercutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installed Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No.

Subiect

......................................

lethal Substance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

12-04
1.73

Limitations
on imperfections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see imperfections
2-2
on hardness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
on tubing size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.13. 3-6
liquid Penetrant Examination
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

11-14

.7.07, 8-01

..........................

. l -8

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234.
ASTM A 312. ASTM A 403 ......................... 2.20
for branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.06
for circumferential welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-42
for longitudinal and spiral
. l-78, 3-1 1, 8-06
welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Low Temperature
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

see Impact Tests

Materials
API 5L ..............................

1.78. 2.4. 3.9.


6.01.
2.4.
API 51x . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASTM A 2 3 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3-1 1.
6-06
11-05
2-20

ASTM A 387

Joints
alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.l5.07
circumferential bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.11
.2.6, 3-10
exposed during test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.07
instrument tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
11-16
threaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lateral Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leak lests
acceptance criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-2,
alternative . . . . . . . . . . . . ..4.09. 5.07. 6.08. 8-1 5. 12.01.
as nondestructive examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for Category D fluid service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for system designed for
o psi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ASTM A 4 8 7
ASTM A 5 3 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
ASTM A 5 7 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
ASTM A 5 8 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
ASTM A 6 3 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
ASTM A 6 5 8

. 1-6

15-22
12-21
8.31
. l-36
2-31

ASTM 6 337 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASTM 6 464 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
austenitic stainless steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

notch sensitive
reidentification

...................

Cumulative Index .
B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-15
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4-18
8-11
3.13

<

STD-ASME B3L-3

I N T NO . 1 5 - E N G L W 0 7 5 7 b 7 0

0584050 T O 1 W

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

toughness requirements .............................. 5.19


unlisted material ......................
.l l-05, 1 1.20. 15-04

Miter Bends
pressure design of

.............................

. l-22, 5-11

Near Straight Sawtooth


Runs
explanation of ......................................

1.33

Nomenclature

d ................................................

1.54

................................................ 1-28
t.
, ................................................ 1-75
T,,, .......................................... 5.04. 5-16
T

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements .....................
11-1 7. 1 1 -18
in Category M Fluid Service ..........................
8.35
joint requirements .............................
.7.09. 8-14
pressure design .............................
.14.17. 14-18
Notch Sensitive
materials ..........................................

2.22

Occasional Variations
(pressure/temperature allowances) . . . . . . .. l-3, 2-14. 4-11
loads .............................
.1.50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17
Owner
responsibilities...........................

. l -26, 2.30. 5-22

. l-31
. l -26

Pipe
alterations of existing pipe ...........................
13.04
curved and mitred segments .........................
15.14
elbowless .........................................
8.03
in corroded condition ...............................
2.15
made from plate ..............................
.1.48, 8..36
of noncircular cross section ............................
3.2
pressure design ............. ............... .13.07, 14-09
pressure testing ..................................... 9.09
spiral welded ......................................
7.03
straight, under internal pressure .......... .10.20, 1 1.21, 14-11
Pipe supports
configurations ......................................
longitudinal stress effects .............................
use of plastic .......................................

6.07
7.05
1.49

Plastic
lined pipe .
use of screwed flanges ...................8.33
pipe supports ......................................
1-49

..........................

Positions
qualification of welding

.see Leak Tests

.............................

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Postweld Heat Treatment

(h)

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No.
-

Preheat

..............................

, l-66

.............. see Heat Treatment

see Heat Treatment

Pressure Design
for elevated temperatures ............................
-3-4
in the high pressure range ............................
1.68
of extruded headers ...........................
.1.21, 1-70
of flanges and blanks ........................
.10.14, 13-15
of miter bends .....................................
1.21
of nonmetallic piping components . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14.17, 14-18
of pipe ............................
1.42, 1.54. 1.57. 1.68.
1.70. 2.11. 11.21. 13.07. 15.06. 15-10
of unlisted components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.02. 13.03. 13-05
of valves ...................................
.8.04. 13-15
Pressure Rating
vaive .............................................
variations ..........................................

8.04

4.11

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices ............................
.2.21. 2-29
and test pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.07. 1 1 -1 9. 12.04. 14-09
setting ................................
.1.32. 7.01. 12-04
stop valves ................................
.l0.1 O. 12-18
Pressure Surges
loads due to .......................................
Pressure-Temperature Rating

Owner's Inspector
qualifications of ...................................
responsibilitiesof ..................................

Pneumatic Tests

Interpretation

Subiect

Pressure Test

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..5.05. 8-34

..............................

Progressive Examination

Published Specification

1.50

.see Leak Test

............. 1.5.

1.62. 3.5. 10.09.


10.10. 10-12
1 1 .02. 11.04. 13-12

.............................

1.15

Radiographic Examination
1 OO0/o ............................................ 5.09
as supplementary examination .........................
8.38
random radiography ................. 1.27, 1.45. 1.62. 2.12.

2.32. 3-12
records ...........................................
1.1 0
requirements ....................
.6.04. 11.01. 11.05. 12-03
selection of welds for
2.25
examination ......................................
spot radiography ..............................
. l-62, 3-12
.1.64. 2-4
when PWHT is required ........................

Records
certification ............................
.5.10. 8.02. 10-03
11-1 1
of examinations ...................................
of hardness tests ....................................
8.22
for radiographic examination .........................
. 1-1 0
retention of ........................................
1-10
Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld ..............................
clarification of terms ..........................
limits of .....................................
Cumulative index

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.4.03. 7-08
.i&'.1 1-1 0
.2.27. 9-04

.
B3 1.3 Interpretations Vols . 1- 15

STD.ASME 332.3 I N T N O - 2 5 - E N G L m 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0 5 8 4 0 5 3 7 4 8
Interpretation

No.

Subject

Repairs
to welds

..........................................

2-18

Responsibility
designer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rights of owners inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10-11
.IO-O3

Safeguarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.5-12

Scope

...............................

Seismic loads
stresses due to

Interpretation

No.

Subject

.see Code Coverage

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-07
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-17

Thermoplastic piping
neat fusion joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
solvent cemented joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
specific requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.13-O8
.lo-8
.10-06

Tubing
joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-07
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2-13, 3-6
Thickness Allowances
in stress calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.1-20

Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography .............................
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 1-05
.lo-1 7

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
large rapid temperature change .......................
spiral welded pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.5-12
,8-09
.7-O3

Unlisted
components

.......................

.1-33

materials

. . . . . . . . . . 1-6, 1-51, 3-6, 4-05, 5-05, 8-7, 10-18,


10-1 1, 10-07, 12-09, 13-02, 13-03, 13-05

Simplified Flexibility Analysis

Standard Components
manufacturers markings .........................
.3-7, 8-02
valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-05, 8-04, 8-07
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Standards
compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
superseded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.5-1 O
.1-44

Stresses (see also


Allowable Stresses)
displacement stress range ......................
.7-04, 12-06
due to cold spring .
. . . . . . . . . .8-16
due to occasional loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2-16
due to pressure surges
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-50
due to seismic loads. .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-17
due to sustained loads
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .15-15

..................................

.see Materials

Valves
Category M Fluid Service. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-07,
pressure build up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Visual Examination
internal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
requirements ..........................
Washers, Use of

.8-35
15-26
.8-O4
5-05

.8-1O, 8-26, 13-16


.2-28, 10-03, 13-16

...................................

.2-5

Weld
bevels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
definition
examinati

14-14, 14-15, 15-02


1-20, 1-50, 2-15, 2-24, 4-10,
-03R (Vol. 7), 6-07, 7-05, 8-16
Stress Intensification Factors
application of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l -34, 2-24, 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-56
branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-7
for 816.9 tees
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
. . . . . . . . . . . . l - 6 , 5-15
. . . . . 1-46, 1-55, 1-71,
5-01, 12-08, 12-17
for unlisted components
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13-O5
for welded elbows ............................
. l-6, 12-1 1
Temperature
design minimum temperature

. . . . . . . . . . . 10-02, 14-08, 14-12,

15-11, 15-16
large changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-09
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4-13, 5-14, 15-12, 15-25
reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-11

fillet size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l -74, 10-19
for branch connections . . .
2-10, 4-03, 4-14, 8-37, 11-10
imperfections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see Acceptance Criteria
2-20, 3-11, 4-18
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-12
welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.13-01, 14-04
qualification of position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
, l -66
reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.7-08, 1 1-08
repair
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-18
socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.6-02, 6-05, 10-19, 15-08
spacing of . . . . . . . . . . . .
.7-O2

Welder Qualification
by others.. .......................

Welding Procedure
qualification of . . . . . . 1-1 2, 1-65, 1-66, 1-76, 4-1 7, 8-23, 8-29,
11-09, 14-05, 14-13
responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.12-07, 12-1 2
specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-21, 8-22

Cumulative index - B3 1.3 Interpretations Vols. 1- 1 5

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.15-19

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ASME B 3 1 = 3 A 96

0759679 O574530 8 2 T W

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 14
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1, 1995, Through March 31, 1996

General Information

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B3 1 Committee concerning B3 1.3 as part
of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in chronological order.
Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the interpretation, or if none is stated,
to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation. Subsequent revisions
to the Code may have superseded the reply. These interpretations are not part of the Code or its
Addenda.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the
interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply bearing
the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons aggrieved
by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As stated in the
Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not ?approve,? ?certify,? ?rate,? or ?endorse?
any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparation of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix 2.
Code Reference and Subject Indexes

Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating interpretations
by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from Volume 1 up to
and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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ASME 8 3 1 . 3 A 96

0759b70 0574533 766 U

B31.3
Subject

Inteniretation

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Fig. 323.2.2, Minimum Temperatures Without Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materials .....
Maximum Allowable External Loads .................................................
Para . 300.2 Definitions .............................................................
Para . 302.2.4, Design Criteria Allowances for Pressure and Temperature Variations. and Para.
322.6.3(c), Pressure Relieving Devices .................................................
Para . 304.3.3 Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections ..............................
Para. 328.2 Welding Qualifications ...................................................
Para. 328.2.2(g), Procedure Qualification by Others .....................................
Para. 328.4.3, Preparation for Welding Alignment ......................................
Para . 331.1.3(b) and Table 331.1.1, Heat Treatment Requirements .........................
Para. 341.3.3 Defective Components and Workmanship ..................................
Para . A304.1.1 (a). Pressure Design of Nonmetallic Piping Components ....................
Para. A304.1.1 (a). Pressure Design of Nonmetallic Piping Components ....................
Para . K304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure ...................................
Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperatures Without Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materials ....
Table 331.1.1, Postweld Heat Treatment ..............................................
Table 341.3.2A Acceptance Criteria for Welds .........................................
Table 341.3.2A Acceptance Criteria for Welds .........................................
Table 341.3.2A Acceptance Criteria for Welds ........................

File No

14-08
14-06
14-03

B31-95-010
B31-95-007
B31-95-002

14-09
14-10
14-13
14-05
14-04
14-01
14-14
14-17
14-18
14-11
14-12
14-16
14-02
14-07
14-15

B3 1-95-012
8 31-95-014
831-95-025
B31-95-005
8 31-95-003
B31-94-064
B31-95-032
B31-95-037
B31-95-038
B3 1-95-016
B31-95-018
B3 1-95-036
B31-95-001
B3 1-95-009
B31-95-034

159

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ASME 83L.3A

96

0759670 0574532 bT2 D

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 14

14-01

Interpretation: 14-01

Subject:

ASME B31.3b-1994 Addenda, Para. 331.1.3(b), and Table 331.1.1, Heat Treatment
Requirements

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B3 1-94-064

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, does the portion of para.
331.1.3@) which states the thickness through the weld in any plane refer to the weld thickness?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, does the minimum
material thickness stated in para. 331.1.3(b) refer to the requirements of Table 331.1.1?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, can the BHN (Brinell
Hardness Number) equivalent of tensile strength of material before PWHT be considered a minimum
value?
Reply (3): The Code does not address BHN equivalent of tensile strength or minimum BHN.

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~~

ASME B31.3A 96

0757670 0574533 539


B 3 1.3 Interpretations No. 14

14-02

Interpretation: 14-02

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3b-1994 Addenda, Table 341.3.2A Acceptance Criteria for Welds

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-001

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, what does the notation
NA for concave root surfaces for fillet welds in Table 341.3.2A mean?
Reply (1): This indicates that there is no acceptance criterion.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, does internal protrusion
or suck up apply to fillet welds?
Reply (2): No; see Note (8) in Table 341.3.2A.
Question (3): Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, address the acceptance criteria for root
surface concavity of fillet welds?
Reply (3): No.
Question (4): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, does melt-through of a
pressure boundary with a fillet weld constitute a violation of the Code?
Reply (4): The Code does not address this subject.

162
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A S M E B 3 L - 3 A Yb D 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0574534 475 D
83 1.3 Interpretations No. 14

14-03, 14-04

Interpretation: 14-03

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3b-1994 Addenda, Para. 300.2 Definitions

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-002

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, para. 300.2, is weld
considered to be a piping component?
Reply (I): No.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, specifically address the areas of general
workmanship regarding squareness, levelness, and plumbness?
Reply (2): No; except as provided for in para. 335.1.
Question (3): In accordance with B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, if there are additional requirements specified in the engineering design, does the Code require the manufacturer, fabricator, and erector
to adhere to those requirements?
Reply (3): Yes, see paras. 300(b)(3) and 300(c)(5).
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Question (4): Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, have requirements for the minimum
lengths of pipe sections between welds?
Reply (4): No.

Interpretation: 14-04

Subject:

ASME B31.3b-1994 Addenda, Para. 328.4.3, Preparation for Welding Alignment

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-003

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, how much angular deflection
can a section of piping contain after a circumferential butt weld is made?
Reply: The angular deflection shall not exceed what is permissible by para. 335.1, provided the
requirements of para. 304.2.3 are met.

163

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ASME B 3 l 1 - 3 A 96 W 0759670 0574535 301

14-05.14-06.14-07

=
83 1.3 Interpretations No. 14

Interpretation: 14-05

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3b-1994 Addenda, Para. 328.2.2(g), Procedure Qualification by Others

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-005

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, is the use of AWS E-6013
welding electrode permissible under the provisions of para 328.2.2?
Reply: No; however, this welding material may be used if the provisions of paras. 328.1 and 328.2.1
are met.

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3b-1994 Addenda, Maximum Allowable External Loads

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B31-95-007

Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda by provide design rules for establishing
the magnitude of the maximum allowable external loads on flanged joints?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, allow the use of other design methods,
such as contained in ASME B3 1.1 or ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section III for establishing
the maximum allowable external loads for flanged joints, considering the application and the appropriate
allowable stress basis?
Reply (2): Yes.The designer is responsible for the design approach used.

Interpretation: 14-07

Subject:

ASME B31.3b-1994 Addenda, Table 341.3.2A Acceptance Criteria for Welds

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B31-95-09

Question: Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda a, require the acceptance criteria of Table
34 1.3.2A for lack of fusion and/or incomplete penetration be applied to internal undercut?
Reply: No.

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Interpretation: 14-06

ASME B31.3A 76

0757670 0 5 7 4 5 3 b 2 4 8

B3 1.3 Interpretations No. 14

14-08,14-09.14-10

Interpretation: 14-08

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3b-1994 Addenda, Fig. 323.2.2 Minimum Temperatures Without


Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materials

Date Issued:

June 22, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-010

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, if ASTM A 234, Grade WPB
fittings are normalized or stress relieved or ASTM A 106, Grade B pipe is normalized, may they be used
at temperatures below Curve B, Fig. 323.2.2 without impact testing?
Reply: No. The requirements of box B-3, Table 323.2.2 apply.

Interpretation: 14-09

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para 302.2.4, Design Criteria Allowances for Pressure
and Temperature Variations, and Para. 322.6.3(c), Pressure Relieving Devices

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-012

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, are the provisions of para. 302.2.4
applicable for the initial design of piping systems?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, para 322.6.3(c), when a pressure
relieving device is set above the design pressure, what requirements limit the maximum allowance
relieving pressure?
Reply (2): The greater of the pressure requirements of Section VIII, Division 1, or para. 302.2.4

Interpretation: 14-1O

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 304.3.3 Reinforcement of Welded Branch


Connections

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-014

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, para. 304.3.3, is it permissible to multiply
the required area replacement in Eq. (6) by the factor F from the ASME Section VIII, Division 1, 1992,
Fig. UG-37?
Reply: No. See 304.3.3(f)(1).

165

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~~

ASME B 3 1 - 3 A 96

= 0759670 0574537
~~

184

14-11, 14-12, 14-13

83 1.3 Interpretations No. 14

Interpretation: 14-1 1

Subject:

ASME B31.3a-1993 Addenda, Para. K304.1.2 Straight Pipe Under Internal


Pressure

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B31-95-016

Question: May Eq. (35a) in para. K304.1.2 of ASME B31.3a-1993 Addenda be modified to take
into account external and internal mechanical (thread or groove depth), corrosion, and erosion ailowances separately?
Reply: No. See para. K304.1.l(b) for the definition of c.

Interpretation: 14-12

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperatures Without


Impact Testing for Carbon Steel Materiais

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B31-95-018

Question: Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition require impact testing of ASTM A 403 WP304W, B16.9
fittings manufactured from A 312 welded TP304 pipe without use if weld metal deposits and used at
design temperatures of -425F or above.
Reply: No. See Table 323.2.2, Column A.

Interpretation: 14-1 3

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3b-1994 Addenda, Para. 328.2 Welding Qualifications

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-025

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, when a proprietary
integrally reinforced branch connection fitting is welded to the outside of run pipe, is the weld classified
as a single vee full penetration butt weld with a cover fillet weid?
Reply (1): No, see para. 328.5.4(d).
Question (2): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, what pipe diameter would
be used for the WPS, PQR,and WQR for NPS '/i
and NPS Y4 proprietary integrally reinforced branch
connection fittings?
Reply (2): All welding qualifications shall be in accordance with para. 328.2.

166
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83 1.3 Interpretations No. 1 4

14-14, 14-15, 14-16

Interpretation: 14-14

Subject:

ASME B31.3b-1994 Addenda, Para. 341.3.3 Defective Components and


Workmanship

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-032

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, if a welders welds which are
rejected are completely cut out and the joints are welded by a new welder, does para. 341.3.3 require
these new welds to be examined?

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 14-15

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3b-1994 Addenda, Table 341.3.2A Acceptance Criteria for Welds

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-034

Question: In accordance with ASME B3 1.3-1993 Edition, Addenda b, when 100% radiographic
examination and no further acceptance criteria are specified, is it required that the acceptance criteria
for severe cyclic conditions as noted in Table 341.3.2A be applied to the examination?
Reply: No, see para. 341.3.1.

Interpretation: 14-16

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Table 331.1.1, Postweld Heat Treatment

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B31-95-036

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, does A 335 P5 (5 Cr, Y2Mo) pipe require
PWHT after welding?
Reply: Yes, per Table 33 1.1.1.

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~~

~~

ASME B3l1-3A 96

0759670 0 5 7 4 5 3 9 T57 D
83 1.3 Interpretations No. 14

14-17, 1418

Interpretation: 14-17

Subject:

ASME B3 1.3-1993 Edition, Para. A304.1.1 (a), Pressure Design of Nonmetallic


Piping Components

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-037

Question: According to ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, do the requirements of para. A304.1.1 apply
to the reduced sections of RTR pipe outside the socket of a socket joint?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 14-18

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para A304.1.1 (a), Pressure Design of Nonmetallic


Piping Components

Date Issued:

November 20, 1995

File:

B3 1-95-038

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Question: According to ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, can the minimum thickness of RTR and RPM
pipe be calculated using ASTM D 2992 procedure B HDS with a service factor of 0.5 (static HDBS)?
Reply: Yes, refer to A302.3.2(~)(2).

168

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ASME B31.3A 9b W 07.59670 0 5 7 4 5 4 0 779 W

CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 631.3-1990 or later Editions, References in brackets
are to previous Editions and Addenda.)

Interpretation
NO.
-

Code Reference

Interpretation

No.
-

Code Reference

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . l - 3 , 1-6, 1-7, 13-04
300 ......................................... 7-10, 8-17
300(b) ........... .l-26, 1-32, 4-08, 5-03, 8-09, 10-11, 13-14
300W . . . . . . .3-2, 3-4, 4-10, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 7-05, 8-30, 13-02
. . . . . . . . .1-3, 1-6, 1-7
300.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1 O, 8-17, 9-06, 12-20
300.1.1 . . . . . . . . .1-47, 1-52, 2-26, 3-1, 4-19, 6-01, 8-01, 9-02
, 1-19, 2-26, 7-10, 8-17
300.1.3 [300.1.4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l - 8 , 1-16, 1-19, 1-26, 3-2
.lo-O5
300.1.3(d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300.2
Category D Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13, 5-03, 6-01
Category M Fluid Service . . . . ..1-40, 1-73, 6-01, 8-09, 9-02
notch-sensitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 -2 2

304.3.3

.......

. . . . 4-03, 7-02, 8-06,


7, 11-10, 12-05, 14-10

304.5 ..................................
304.5.1 . . . . .

.3-4, 9-07, 10-14

........................

.....................

1-16

306.4 . . . . . . . .

31 1.2.4 . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . ..2-3

..........................

312

................
. . . . . .8-33, 11-16

4-11

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
302.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
302.2.4 [302.2.3] .....................
1-3, 1-32, 2-14, 3-4,
4-11, 7-01, 7-04, 8-04, 14-09
........................ .13-15
18, 1-38, 2-16, 3-13, 8-25, 11-05
........................ 2-20
. . . . . . . . .l-42, 1-78, 2-20, 3-1 1
1-20, 1-50, 2-14, 2-15, 2-24, 3-4,
, 4-12, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 6-07, 7-04,
7-05, 8-16
.l-50, 2-15, 2-16, 2-17
302.3.6 ...........................
302.4. . . . . . . . . . .
303 . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-05
1-42, 1-54, 1-70, 13-07
304.1.1 . . . . . . . . .
1-68, 1-70, 2-1 1, 10-20
304.2.3 ...............................
Fig. 304.2.3 . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-22
304.3.
....................... .l-21, 1-46, 5-01, 6-09
304.3.2 .......................

318

.....................
................................

319.2.3

......

. . .7-04, 7-05, 12-06


1-6, 1-7, 1-55, 2-24, 5-15, 13-05
1-33, 13-14

............................
319.4.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
..................... 10-10, 12-18
.1-32, 2-21, 2-29, 7-01, 12-04, 14-09

. . . 1-11, 1-15, 1-48, 2-1,


6-06, 8-07, 8-19, 11-03

Fig. 323.2.2

.....................................

Cumulative index - 631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-14

.14-O8
(a)

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1-17

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0759670 135745YL 605


Interpretation

Interpretation
No.
-

Code Reference
Table 323.2.2
[Table 323.2.11

Table 341.3.2

...................1-12, 1.48,

1.65. 1.76.
2.19. 3.8. 4.01. 4.15. 14-12
6-06
323.2.4 ...........................................
323.3 . . . . .
..................... 1.76. 5-13
......................... 11-12
323.3.2 . . .
Table 323.3.1
[Table 323.2.21 . . . . . . . . . 1.12. 1.76. 4.17. 5.19. 5.21. 8.29.
10.2. 11-12
323.3.4 ........................................... 8-30
.................................... 2-9
10.01. 10-19
323.4.2 ....................................
........................... 5-14
. . . . . . ..1.11. 1.51. 2.3. 8.07. 8-34
................................... 7.02. 12-12
12-07
.1.66. 11.09. 14-13
328.2 [327.5] .........................
328.2.1 [327.5.1, 327.5.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..1.76. 4.17. 8-29

..........................

328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2

........

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..8.28.

No.
-

Code Reference

9-08

........................

.14.02,

14.07. 14-15

. . . . 1.1. 1.9. 1.14, 1.41, 2.8. 5.04.

5.16. 5.17. 5.18. 5.20. 6.04. 7.06.


8.38. 9.04. 11.08. 11.14. 12.22.
13-16
.. .14.14
341.3.3 .....................
.5. 3.14.
341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.41 . . . . . . .
10.09. 10.12. 11.02. 11.04. 13-12
341.4 [336.5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.24. 1.45. 3.12. 5.20. 11-01
. . . 1.10. 1.26. 1.27. 1.60. 2.12.
341.4.1 [336.5.1] . . . . . .
2.28. 3.7. 3-1 2. 4-1 2. 5-1O.
8.02. 8-1 O. 8.26. 10.03. 10-17.
11.11. 11.14. 11-15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-38
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.10
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-38
341.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
............1.5. 3-12
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
343 [336.4.1] ......................................
2.28
344 [336.4] ....................................... 5.09
344.1 ............................................ 13-12
2.28. 8-1O. 8.26. 11-1 1
......1-1O. 1.60. 2-1 2
[Table 341.3.2Al

.... 8.32.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10.17
. . . . .2.28. 3-14. 12-01

..

328.5.4 [327.4.4]

..... .1.2.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-11

1.72. 2.31. 3.3. 8-31


4.04. 6.08. 8-15. 12-2 1
........................ 8-31

8-2 7
1.59. 1.74. 2.10. 4.03.

7-08
328.6.

........

Table 331.1.1
[Table 331.3.11
331.1.2
331.1.3

.2.6.

....................................

8-23

......................

8-12

345.4.1
345.4.2 [337.4.1]
345.4.3 [337.4.2]

2.2. 5.06. 8.24.

9.03.

12.14.
14-16
........................................... 8-05
[331.3.6] . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.39. 1.59. 4.06. 5.06. 9.03.
11.06. 14-01
5.08
[331.1.2] ...................................
[331.3.4] ..........................
[331.3.2] ..........................
[331.1.1]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
........................................... 8-05

331.1.4
331.1.6
331.1.7
331.2.2
331.3.4
331.3.7 .....................
332.1
. .1.23. 1.53. 4.02. 8-20
332.2 [329.1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
332.4 [329.3, 330.21 ..........
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2..2
11-03
332.4.2 ............... ........................
2-5
335.2 ..............................................
............................... 1-26
340.3 [336.3] ...............................
.1.10. 10-03
1-31
340.4 (336.21 ......................................
10-16
341 .............................................
341.2 [336.1.1, 336.1.31 . . . . . . ..1.10. 1.26. 1.27. 2.28. 10-03
.1.64. 2-4
341.3.1 [336.5] ...............................
341.3.2 ........................................... 8-32
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.11 .....................
.5.09. 13-16

.......................

(b)
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12-03

. . . .1.35. 1.61. 1.63. 2.....................

. . . . . . . . . . .1.35.
345.5.2

. . . . . . . . .1.69.

3-1O. 5.02.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.04
.
.......................................... 12-19
1-4

.............................

................................. 12-02
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-36
.
345.7 [337.5.2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.8 [337.6] ................................
.1.25. 3-10
. . . . .4.09. 5.07. 6.08. 8.15. 10.15. 12.01.
12-21
A304 .............................
A304.1.1 ..........................
A304.5.1 ..........................................
1-67
.1 3.08
A304.7.2 ........................................
11-17
A305 ............................................
8-33
A314 .............................................
A323.4.2,. ................................
.10.06. 11-18
A327.2.4 .......................................... 7-09
.10.8
A328.2(a) ........................................
A328.2.1 .........................
A328.5 ..........................
. . . . . . . . . . ..11.21. 14-11
K304.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-07
K315 .............................................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-07
.
K322.3
Fig. K328.5.4 ......................................
8.37
.l2.15
M305.1 .........................................
M307.2 ......................
M322.3 ......................
M323.1.3 ....................
. . . . . . . . . . . .3.7
Cumulative Index .
631.3 interpretationsVols . 1-1 4

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ASME B31.3A 96

ASME B 3 L - 3 A 96

0759670 8 5 7 4 5 4 2 541

Interpretation
Code Reference

No.
-

M326 ............................................
2-13
M335.4 [M335.5, M335.61 . . . . . . .
.................3-6
. . . . . . . . . ..l-24. 1-45
M341.4 [M336.5] . . . . . . . . . . . .
M341.4.1 [M336.5.1] .........
........... .2-28, 3-7
................6-08
M345.1 .....................
............................... 9-02
MA306.5 .......
.............................. 9-02
.............................. 8-35
MA323.4.2 . . . . . .
Appendix A Notes
(Noequivalent) [U 411 .............................. 2-20
.............................. 4-18
.............................. 1-77
.............................. 1-58
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table 11 . . . . . . . . . . 1-13, 1-18, 1-29, 1-38, 1-48,
1-77, 2-1, 3-8, 3-9, 3-13, 4-12,
4-13, 6-01, 6-06, 7-03, 8-11,
, 8-34, 8-36, 11-13, 12-09
Table A-1B [Table i]. . .
. . .1-78, 2-20, 4-18, 7-03
Appendix 0 . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6, 1-7, 1-34, 1-46, 1-55,
1-56, 1-71, 2-7, 2-24, 4-16,
5-01, 5-15, 6-06, 12-08, 12-11, 12-17, 13-05
. .1-44, 5-10
Appendix E [Appendix K I . .
Appendix F (F323.21 ................................
1-29
.........................
Appendix G . . . . . . .
Appendix H ................................
.8-06, 11-10
.1-28, 1-54, 1-75, 5-04
Appendix J ........................
Appendix M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-01, 8-09
Appendix X, X3.1.3 ..............
.....
. . .12-23
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-09
Appendix X, X3.2.2
.................... 3-1
Case 137 . . . . . . . . .
1-51
Case 141 ..........................................

Cumulative Index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 4
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ASME B3L.3A

0759670 O574543 488

96

SUBJECT INDEX
Interpretation

No.

Subiect

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests ......................................
. l-2
weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1, 1-9, 1-14, 1-41, 2-8, 5-09, 5-13,
5-17, 5-18, 5-20, 6-04, 7-06, 8-32, 12-22, 13-16, 14-02,
14-07
Allowable loads

.................................

.14-O6

Allowable Stresses ................................


.4-12
bases for ....................
.l-18, 3-13, 8-11, 8-25, 10-13
for ASTM A 312 ....................................
1-29
for ASTM A351 .............................
.. .. .. .. .. ..11-13
,8-25
for ASTM A 387 .............................
for ASTM A 570 ....................................
1-38
for ASTM A 587 ....................................
1-13
for ASTM A 671 ...................................
.l-48
for ASTM B 464 ...................................
.8-11
for austenitic stainless steels ..........................
.3-13
Alterations of Piping
Alternative Tests

.............................

..........................

Authorized Inspector

.13-O4

.see Leak Tests

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Owner's inspector

Bellows .........................................
Bending

.....................................

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

.13-O9
4-02, 8-03

Bends
corrugated .............................
. . . . . . . . . . . .l-23
miter .................................
. . see Miter Bends
reduction of outside diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .8-20
Bonding Qualification Test
hot gas welded .........................
. . . . . . . . . . . .8-14
minimum burst pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-09, 8-1 4
procedure specifications for plastic piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . .lo-O8
solvent cement .........................
. . . . . . . . . . . ,8-14
Bonds
heat fusion .......................................
hot gas welded ....................................
test assembly .....................................

.8-14
.8-14
.7-O9

Bolting Materials

.................................

.4-15

Cumulative index

- 631.3 Interpretations Vols.

Branch Connections
extruded outlets .........................
.l-37, 2-27, 6-09
flexibility analysis ..................................
.%O1
integrally reinforced fitting .....................
.4-05, 11-1O
projection into run pipe ........................
.8-28, 9-03
reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-06, 8-37, 12-05, 12-13, 14-10
weld requirements . .2-1O, 4-03, 4-1 4, 7-02, 7-08, 10-04, 13-1 1
Brazed joints
for flammable service ................................
Buckles..

...................................

Cast Irons
specific requirements

. l-23, 1-53

..............................

.lo-o1

Category D Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for ..........................
.l-36
limitations .................................
radiographic examination
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-38
Category M Fluid Service
clarification of term

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-73, 9-02

8-35
6-08
8-09
. . .8-35, 9-02, 12-15
tubing size limitations ..........................
2-1 3
"very small quantity" . . .
1-40

leak test . . . . . . .
...........................
liquid oxygen ..............................

Code Coverage
631.3 versus 631.4
general hydrocarbon service
in-line sensing devices . . .
new and replacement piping

. . . . . . . . l -47, 7-1.0
......................... .6-O1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-22

12-21

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..4-19
radioactive fluids ...........................
synfuel plant piping
tobacco plant piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.3-1

Components (see also Fittings, Flanges, Standard


components, Unlisted and Valves)
certification ........................
.l-26, 3-7, 5-10, 13-10
design conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2-3
fabricated or flared laps ......................
.l l-03, 12-1 6
in-line sensing devices ..............................
.8-O1
referenced standards ..........................
.1-44, 5-1 O

1-14

(el
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i -1 7

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~~

0759670 05745bi4 314

ASME B 3 L . 3 A 96

Interpretation

No.
-

Compressors
internal piping .......................................
Corrugated Bends .................................
Cyclic loading

Flammable Service

5-12

Design (see also Pressure


Design)
additional design considerations ......................
12.13
conditions ..........................................
2-3
for stainless bellows ................................
12.23
Lame theory .......................................
1.57
minimum temperature ..............................
10.02
Displacement Stress

....................

.2.14,

Earthquake ..................................
Empty System
transportation .................................
Examination
extent of ..............................

.1.24.

............................

2.24,

....9.06

5.18.
3.14.

11-01
11-15

. . . . . . . . . . .see Liquid Pentrant Examination


..............

.see Progressive Examination

. . . . . . . . . . . . . see Radiographic Examination

random

............

. . . . . . . . . . . 1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2.12.

2.32. 4.12. 11-15


records . .
..... ........................... 11-11
required ....................
.1.24. 1.60. 6.04. 1 1.14. 1 1-15
severe cyclic conditions ......
. . . . . . . . . . . . .10.17. 11-14
spot ......................
.................... 1-62
visual .....................
..... see visual examination
see ultrasonic examination
ultrasonic .......................

Exclusions
for compressors and internai piping .....................
for interconnecting piping ............................
listed in scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Expansion Joints

......................

.1.16.

1.8
1.1 9
10.5

12.23. 13-09

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of .............................
. l -2 1. 1-70
tees considered as ..................................
1.55
Extruded Welded Tee

..............................

.................................

1.17

Flanges
assembly ...........................................
design ...................................
.1.67, 3.4.
general ...........................................
long welding neck ..................................
slip-on ......................................
.5.12.
use of aluminum ....................................
use of raised and flat face metallic .....................
Flexibility Analysis
branch connections .................................
exemptions from ....................................
qualification ...............................
.13.05,

25
.
9-7
9.1 0
4.05
8-27
1.51
9.07

9.01
1.33
13-14

12-06

see Seismic

No.
-

i-8

. l-23

....................................

Interpretation
Subject

5.01

Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
1.56
diameters ........................................
for a tee ...............................
.1.55. 1.56. 5-01
for components not listed
in Appendix D .............................
.1.55. 2-24
Flexibility Factors
basis for .......................................... 1-56
for B16.9 tees ..........................
.l-7. 12.08. 12-17
for fabricated intersections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. l -6, 4-1 6. 5-15
for pressure piping components ......................
13.05
for welded elbows ...................................
1.6
Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon ................................
6.0 1
requirements. metallic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..11.16. 12-15, 12-16
requirements. nonmetallic ....................
.l1.1 7. 11-18
responsibility for
.4-08. 8-09
categorizing ................................
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset ...........................................

1-58

Hardness
limitations on .......................................
records ...........................................

2-2
8-22

Heat Fusion Joints

................................

13.08

Heat Treatment
cooling rate .......................................
. l -69
for austenitic stainless steel
1.65
for bending and forming ..............................
2.2
for flared laps .....................................
1 1-03
for valve parts ......................................
8.12
governing thickness . . . . . . . . . . . . l-39, 1.59, 4.06, 5.06. 1 1-06
heating rate .......................................
. l-69
local .......................................
.5.08, 8-05
monitoring
.5.08, 8-05
requirements
8.08, 8.21. 8.23, 8.24, 9.03. 9.05. 12.14.
14.01, 14-16
SP-1 through SP-5
8.24
when radiography is
required ....................................
.1.64. 2-4

...........................

Fillet Weld
internal. slip-on flange ...............................
pressure containing ..................................
size ..............................................
use ...............................................

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Fittings
616.9 ........................................
1.7.
conforming to two grades ............................
flared. flareless. or
.3.6.
compression types ..........................
MSS SP-75 ........................................

(f)

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

8.27
8.13
1-74
10-4

5-01
8.18
12-1 6
1-11

...................................
.......
..................................

Cumulative Index

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.
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-14

0759b7Q 0574545 250

Interpretation

Hydrostatic Tests

.........................

N o.
-

.see Leak Tests

impact Tests
absorbed energy data ................................. 2.9
alternative methods .................................
8.30
base metal ..................................
.4.01, 1 1-12
exclusions from .........................
.1.76, 5.14, 8-30
heat treatment required ..............................
5.19
in qualifying procedures .............................. 8.29
of aluminum filler metals .............................
2.19
of austenitic stainless steel ...........................
. l-65
of bolting materials .................................. 4.15
of the heat affected zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of weldments ......................
.1.12, 1.65, 1.76, 5-21
temperature limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.14, 8.30, 14-12
imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)
concave root surface ...........................
.1.1.
determination of ....................................
lack of fusion ......................................
porosity ............................
. l -9, 5-1 3, 5-1 6.
slag inclusion ......................................
tungsten inclusions .............................
.l-9,
undercutting ..............................
1-14, 2-8,
Installed Piping

Interpretation

No .
-

Subiect

...................................

Instrument Piping ............................


Internal Piping. Equipment

6-04
8.32
5.09
5-20
5-20
5-17
6-04

. l-8

joint Factors
for ASTM A 234.
ASTM A 31 2. ASTM A 403 ......................... 2.20
for branch connections ..............................
8.06
for circumferential welds ............................
. l-42
for longitudinal and spiral
.1.78. 3-1 1, 8-06
welds ................................
joints
circumferential bands ................................
5-11
exposed during test ............................
.2-6, 3-1 O
instrument tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-07
special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.13
threaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-16

.....
leak Tests
acceptance criteria

.....................................
......................................

12-19
12.04

lethal Substance ..................................

. l-73

test pressure

limitations
on imperfections .........................
see Imperfections
2-2
on hardness ........................................
on tubing size .................................
.2-13, 3-6
liquid Penetrant Examination
requirements .....................................
low Temperature
Requirements .........................

see Impact Tests

Materials

ASTM A 234 . . .
ASTM A 312 . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . 2.20

ASTM A 387 ...

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.25

. . l-29, 1.77, 2-20

ASTM A 487 ...


ASTM A 537 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
ASTM A 570
. . . . . . . . . . . .1.38
ASTM A 633

..................................

1-11

. . 1.6
austenitic stainless steels . . .

..................................

. l-2
4.09, 5.07, 6.08, 8.15, 12.01, 12-21
n ....................
.......................... 1-36

for system designed for

.................................

2-31

. . . . . . 1.2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
pressure ...................................
.2.23. 4-04
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
minor repairs and additions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-72
of discharge piping . . . . . . .
of newly constructed
systems ......................
1-4, 5-02, 5-22, 8-15

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.13
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-05

conforming to two grades ......................


.8.18, 8-34
notch sensitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
reidentification .....................................
8.1 9
toughness requirements . . . . . . . . . . .
unlisted material ............................
.l l-05, 11-20

Miter Bends
pressure design of

............

1.22. 5-11

Near Straight Sawtooth


Runs
explanation of .....................................

Cumulative Index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-14

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.1 1-14

. l-30

.7.07, 6-01

..........................

of piping and vessel ................................


. l -63
of piping connecting
3-3
equipment ........................................
of replacement piping ........................
.5.22, 12-21
painting before test ........................
.2.6, 3-1 O. 5-23
personnel qualification .
.......................... 8-31
pneumatic test . . . . . . .
. . . . . . 11.07. 11.19. 12.02. 13-06
preparation for . . . . . . .
. . . . . .2.6. 3.10. 5.02. 5.23. 12-03
reduced pressure
. l-61, 2.23. 13-13
(hydrostatic test) ......................
requirements ................................
.8.15. 13-13
sensitive ..........................................
1-25
temperature correction for ......................
. l-35, 1-43

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. l-33

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

A S I E B31.3A 9 b

0759670 057454b 197

Yb

Interpretation

No.
Nomenclature

................................................

1.54
T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
I" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-75
T, ..........................................
5.04. 5-16
Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements .....................
1 1-1 7. 1 1-1 8
in Category M Fluid Service ..........................
8.35
joint requirements .............................
.7.09. 8-14
pressure design .............................
.14.17. 14-18
Notch Sensitive
materials ..........................................

2.22

Occasional Variations
(pressure/temperature allowances) . . . . . . . . l -3, 2-14. 4-11
loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17

.1.26. 2.30. 5-22

Owner's Inspector
qualifications of ....................................
responsibilities of ...................................

Pipe Supports
configurations
longitudinal stress effects .............................
use of plastic .......................................

......................................

PIastic
lined pipe .
use of screwed flanges
pipe supports

6.07
7.05
1.49

............. .....8.33
...................................... 1-49

Preheat

..........................

.see Leak Tests

.............................

. l -66

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Heat Treatment

..............................

Copyright ASME International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

1.42, 1.54. 1.57. 1.68.


1.70. 2.11. 11.21. 13-07
of unlisted components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.02. 13.03. 13-05
of valves ...................................
.8.0 4. 13-15
Pressure Rating
valve .............................................
variations ..........................................

8.04
4-11

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices ............................
.2.21. 2-29
and test pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.07. 1 1 - 1 9. 12.04. 14-09
setting ................................
.1.32. 7.01. 12-04
stop valves .................................
10.1 O. 12-18
Pressure Surges
loads due to .......................................

Pressure Test

1.50

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..5.05. 8-34

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..see Leak Test

Published Specification

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5.

1.62. 3.5. 10.09.


10.10. 10-12
11.02. 11.04. 13-12

............................

. 1-1 5

Radiographic Examination

100%

............................................

5-09

as supplementary examination .........................


8.38
random radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2-12.

2.32. 3-12
records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.10
requirements ....................
.6.04. 1 1.01. 1 1 .05. 12-03
selection of welds for
examination ......................................
2-25
spot radiography ..............................
. l-62, 3-12
when PWHT is required ........................
.1.64, 2-4

Records
certification .............................
5.1 O. 8.02.
of examinations ..................................
of hardness tests ....................................
for radiographic examination .........................
retention of .......................................
Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld ..............................
clarification of terms. .........................
limits of .....................................
Repairs
to welds

10-03
.i 1.11
8.22
. l-10
. 1-1 0

.4.03. 7-08
.1-37.11-10
.2-27.9-04

..........................................

2-18

see Heat Treatment

Pressure Design
for elevated temperatures ............................. 3.4
in the high pressure range ...........................
. l-68
of extruded headers ...........................
.1.21. 1-70
of flanges and blanks ........................
.10.14. 13-15
of miter bends ....................................
. l -21

h)

..............14.17. 14-18

............................

Progressive Examination

............................
.............................

Postweld Heat Treatment

of nonmetallic piping components


Of pipe

i -31
1-26

Pipe
alterations of existing pipe ..........................
.l 3.04
elbowless .........................................
8.03
in corroded condition ...............................
2.1 5
made from plate ..............................
.1.48. 8-36
of noncircular cross section
3.2
pressure design
.13.07. 14-09
pressure testing .....................................
9.09
spiral welded ......................................
7.03
straight. under internal pressure . . . . . . . . . ..10.20. 1 1.21. 14-11

Positions
qualification of welding

No.
-

Pressure-Temperature Rating

Owner
responsibilities ...........................

Pneumatic Tests

Interpretation
Subject

Responsibility
designer .........................................
rights of owner's inspection .........................
Safeguarding
Scope

.10.11
.10.03

......................................

...............................

Cumulative Index

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5.12

.see Code Coverage

.
831.3 Interpretations Vols 1-1 4

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

ASME B31.3A

ASME B 3 L * 3 A Yb W 0759b70 0574547 0 2 3

Interpretation

No .
-

Seismic Loads
stresses due to

.....................................
.....................................

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading ......................................
large rapid temperature change ........................
spiral welded pipe ..................................
Simplified Flexibility Analysis

.......................

........................................
........................................

Stresses (see also


Allowable Stresses)
displacement stress range ......................
.7.04.
due to cold spring ..................................
due to occasional loads ..............................
due to pressure surges ...............................
due to seismic loads .................................
due to thermal gradients ..............................
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.20, 1-50. 2-1 5. 2.24.
4-1 2. 6-03R (Vol. 7). 6.07. 7.05.

Tubing
joints .............................................
7.07
limitations ....................................
.2.13. 3-6

5.12
8.09
7.03

Thickness Allowances
in stress calculations .................................

1.20

Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography .............................
requirements .....................................

1 1-05
.l
0.1 7

.l
33
.

5-10
1-44

12-06
8.16
2.16
1.50
2.17
3.4
4-1O.
8-1 6

Stress Intensification Factors


application of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..1.34. 2.24. 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for .........................................
. l -56
branch connections ..................................
2.7
for 616.9 tees .......................................
1.7
for fabricated intersections .......................
.1.6, 5-1 5
for tees ................................
1.46, 1.55, 1.71,
5.01, 12.08, 12-17
for unlisted components ............................. 13.05
for welded elbows ............................
. l-6, 12-1 1
Temperature
design minimum temperature . . . . . . . . . . . .10.02. 14.08.
large changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
limitations ...................................
.4.13.
reduction ..........................................
Thermoplastic piping
neat fusion joints ..................................
solvent cemented joints .............................
specific requirements ...............................

Cumulative Index

No .
-

4-07
2.17

Standard Components
manufacturers markings ..........................
.3-7, 8-02
valves .................................
.5.05, 8.04. 8-07
Standards
compliance
superseded

Interpretation
Subject

14-12
8.09
5-14
4-11

3-08
10-8
0-06

Unlisted
components

. . . . . . . . . . 1.6.

1.51. 3.6. 4.05. 5.05. 8.7. 10.18.


10-1 1. 10.07. 12.09. 13.02. 13.03. 13-05
materials ..................................
.see Materials

Valves
Category M Fluid Service .............................
materials ..........................................
pressure build up ...................................
ratings ............................................

Visual Examination
internal ................................
8.1 O. 8.26. 13-16
requirements ..........................
.2.28. 10.03. 13-16
Washers. Use of

....................................

2.5

Weld
bevels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
examination of welds . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.15. 11.01.

11.14. 13.16.
14.14. 14-15
fillet size ...................................
.1.74. 10-19
for branch connections . . . . . . . . .2.10. 4-03. 4.14. 8.37. 11-10
imperfections ......................
see Acceptance Criteria
longitudinal .............................
.2.20. 3-1 1. 4-18
of valves ........................................
.i2.12
preparation for welding ......................
.13.01. 14-04
qualification of position .............................
. l -66
reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..7.08. 11-08
repair ............................................. 2-18
......................... .6.02. 6.05. 10-19
spacing of .........................................
7.02

Welding Procedure
qualification of . . . . . . 1-12. 1.65. 1.66. 1.76. 4-1 7. 8.23.
11.09. 14.05.
responsibility ...............................
.12.07.
specification .................................
.8.21.

.
B31.3 Interpretations Vols. 1- 14
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8.29.
14-13
12-12
8-22

~~

ASME B 3 1 . 3 * 1 N T

NO.*:L3

**

0759670 0565952 003

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 13
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1, 1994, Through March 31, 1995

General information

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3
as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the
interpretation, or if none is stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of
the interpretation. Subsequent revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These
interpretations are not part of the Code or its Addenda.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the
interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply
bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons
aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As
stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve, certify,
rate, or endorse any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparaion of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix Z.
Code Reference and Subject Indexes

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Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating
interpretations by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from
Volume 1 up to and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

ASME B 3 L m 3 * I N T NO.*L3

Y*

m 0759670 0565953 T4T m

B31.3
Subject
Interpretation
13-04
Alteration of Existing Piping and Hot Tapping ........................................
Certification of a Listed Material to Another Listed Material Specification ...............
13-10
Paras. 301.2.1 and 302.2.5, Design Pressure ...........................................
13-15
13-07
Para . 304.1.l(a), Pressure Design of Straight Pipe .....................................
Para 304.7.2, Pressure Design of Unlisted Components and Elements ....................
13-02
Paras. 304.7.2 and 304.7.2(d), Pressure Design
13-03
of Unlisted Components and Elements .............................................
13-05
Paras 304.7.2 and 319.3.6, Pressure Design and Flexibility Factors .......................
13-14
Para 319.4.1, Flexibiliy Analysis .....................................................
13-01
Para . 328.4, Preparation for Welding .................................................
13-11
Para 328.5.4, Welded Branch Connections ............................................
Chapter VI Inspection. Examination. and Testing ......................................
13-16
Para . 341.3.4(e). Progressive Examinat ion .............................................
13-12
13-13
Para 345.4.2(a), Hydrostatic Test Requirements .......................................
13-06
Para . 345.5, Pneumatic Testing ......................................................
13-08
Para . A328.5.4, Heat Fusion Joints in Thermoplastic Piping .............................
Appendix X. Para X3.2.2, Metallic Bellows Expansion Joints ...........................
13-09

File No.
B31-94-017
B31-94-034
B31-94-042
B31-94-028
B31-94-015
B31-94-016
B31-94-018
B31-94-041
B31-93-059
B31-94-037
B31-94-059
B31-94-039
B31-94-040
B31-94-020
B31-94-029
B31-94-03 1

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ASME B3Lm3*INT N O - * I I ~

**

= 0759670 0565954 986

B31.3 Interpretations No. 13

13-01, 13-02, 13-03

Interpretation: 13-01

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 328.4, Preparation for Welding

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-93-059

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Addenda a, does the Code require
that all transitional tapers be filled with weld metal to obtain a consistent outside diameter when
welding together two weld end components that are manufactured to include all of the following:
(1) a weld bevel to nominal wall thickness;
(2) an actual outside diameter greater than the nominal outside diameter;
(3) a taper transition from the actual outside diameter to the nominal outside diameter weld
bevel per ASME B16.25, Fig. 1.
Reply: No, the weld must have at least the same nominal wall thickness as the thinner of the

two components.

Interpretation: 13-02

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 304.7.2, Pressure Design of Unlisted Components


and Elements

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-015

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, para. 304.7.2, may the maximum
allowable pressure of an unlisted component be greater than the manufacturers rating?
Reply: Yes, see para. 300(c)(2).

Interpretation: 13-03

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Paras. 304.7.2 and 304.7.2(d), Pressure Design of Unlisted Components and Elements

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-016

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, is a proof pressure test, in accordance
with para. 304.7.2(c), required to qualifj a flange design not in accordance with a listed standard if
the design meets the requirements of para. 304.7.2(d) as well as the introductory requirements of
para. 304.7.2?
Reply: No.

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ASME B 3 1 * 3 * 1 N T N O * * 1 3

**

D 0759670 0565955 A12

B31.3 Interpretations No. 13

13-04, 13-05, 13-06

Interpretation: 13-04

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Alterations of Existing Piping and Hot Tapping

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-017

Question: Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition and Addenda a apply to alterations of existing
piping, including tie-in branch connections, e.g., hot taps?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 13-05

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 304.7.2, Pressure Design of Unlisted Components


and Elements, and Para. 319.3.6 Flexibility and Stress Intensification Factors

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B3 1-94-018

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, may a pressure containing piping
component, not manufactured in accordance with a listed standard, and for which the rules in para.
304 do not apply, be qualified in accordance with para. 304.7.2?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with para. 319.3.6, may stress intensification factors for pressure
containing piping components, not manufactured in accordance with a listed standard listed in
Appendix D, be established by fatigue testing?

Interpretation: 13-06

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 345.5, Pneumatic Testing

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B3 1-94-020

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition and Addenda a, is it allowable to


pneumatically test above 110% of design pressure?
Reply: No, unless otherwise specified in the engineering design.

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Reply (2): Yes.

ASME B 3 1 . 3 * 1 N T

NO.aL3

f t

W 0759670 0565956 759

13-07, 13-08

B31.3 Interpretations No. 13

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 304.1.l(a), Pressure Design of Straight Pipe

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B3 1-94-028

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Interpretation: 13-07

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, may the minimum pipe wall thickness
determined by measurement be used to satisfy the requirements of para. 304.1.l(a)?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 13-08

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. A328.5.4, Heat Fusion Joints in Thermoplastic


Piping

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-029

Question: Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, para. A328.5.4, apply to electrofusion bonding of
polyolefin pipe and fittings?
Reply: No. Electrofusion joints are not listed; see para. A304.7.2.

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B31.3 Interpretations No. 13

13-09,13-10
Interpretation: 13-09

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1987 Edition, Appendix X, Para. X3.2.2, Metallic Bellows Expansion


Joints

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-031

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-i987 Edition, para. X3.2.2, is it required to
examine inaccessible surfaces of the bellows longitudinal seam weld after forming using liquid penetrant?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): Is a dye penetrant leak test (putting dye penetrant on the inside surface and
developer on the weld outside surface) an acceptable alternative to liquid penetrant examination of
the inside surface of bellows longitudinal seam welds?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): Are the rules in ASME Section VIII, Division 1, Appendix 26, applicable to
bellows in ASME 331.3piping systems?
Reply (3): No.

Interpretation: 13-10

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Certification of a Listed Material to Another Listed


Material Specification.

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-034

Question: Is it permissible under the requirements of ASME B31.3-1993 Edition for an organization to recertify a listed material to another listed material specification?
Reply: B31.3 does not establish rules for materials certification other than the requirements of
the materials specifications.

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A S I E B3L13*INT NO.*13

**

O759670 0565958 5 2 1

13-11, 13-12, 13-13

B31.3 Interpretations No. 13

Interpretation: 13-11

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para 328.5.4, Welded Branch Connections

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-037

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda a, what is the effective weld
throat thickness required for a proprietary integrally reinforced branch connection fitting?
Reply: The thickness is as required by the manufacturers design qualified in accordance with
para. 304.7.2 or MSS SP-94, and para. 328.5.4(d).

Interpretation: 13-12

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 341.3.4(e), Progressive Examination

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-039

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 341.3.4(e), what is the meaning
of the phrase all items represented by the progressive examinations.?
Reply: Ail items within the same designated lot. See para. 344.1.3 Definitions, random exuminations.

Interpretation: 13-13

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 345.4.2(a), Hydrostatic Test Requirements

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-040

Question: Does ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda a, permit a hydrostatic test pressure less
than 1.5 times design pressure?
Reply: No, unless para. 345.4.2(c) or 345.4.3(b) applies.

155

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B31.3 interpretations No. 13

13-14, 13-15, 13-16

Interpretation: 13-14

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 319.4.1, Flexibility Analysis

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-041

Question: In accordance with para. 319.4.1, how many years of operation or number of operating
cycles are required to qualify a piping system as having a successful service record?
Reply: Such determination is the responsibility of the designer. See para. 300(b)(2).

Interpretation: 13-15

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Paras. 301.2.1 and 302.2.5, Design Pressure

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-042

Question: When a valve isolates two process streams so that one condition on one side of the
valve occurs at the same time as another condition occurs on the other side of the valve, are the
requirements of paras. 301.2.1 and 302.2.5 met if the pressure design is based on the most severe
conditions of coincident pressure and component temperature?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 13-16

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Chapter VI Inspection, Examination, and Testing

Date Issued:

November 21, 1994

File:

B31-94-059

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Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Addenda a, if a weid has not
penetrated to the inside corner of the root face on one side of the joint and the remainder of the
weld is sound, does ASME B31.3 classi@this defect as lack of fusion?
Reply (1): No, refer to Fig. 341.3.2 sketch (c).
Question (2): Can lack of fusion occur at the root of a groove weid joint?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): Is 1.5 in. of incomplete penetration in any 6 in. weid length for girth and miter
groove welds acceptable for normal fluid service?
Reply (3): Yes, per acceptance criteria listed in Table 341.3.2A.

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ASME B31-3*INT NO**13

**

0757670 0.565960 L B T

CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 631.3-1990 Edition. References in brackets are to
previous Editions and Addenda.)

Interpretation

Interpretation

No.
-

Code Reference

introduction .........................
.1-3. 1-6. 1.7. 13-04
. . . . ..7.10. 8-1 7
300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300(b) . . . . . . . . . . . .
.09. 10.11. 13-14
3 0 0 ( ~ ). . . . . . .3.2. 3.4. 4.10. 6-03R (Vol. 7). 7.05. 8.30. 13-02
. . . . . . . . 1.3. 1.6. 1-7
300(c) [300(e)]
.7.10. 8.17. 9.06. 12-20
300.1 ............................
300.1.1 . . . . . . . ..1.47. 1.52. 2.26. 3.1. 4.19. 6.01. 8.01. 9-02
.1.8. 1.19. 2.26. 7.10. 8-17
Fig. 300.1.1
300.1.3 [300.1.4]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..1.8. 1
6. 3-2
10-05
300.1.3d) ............................
300.2
Category D Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.13. 5.03. 6-01
Category M Fluid Service
2.22
notch-sensitive ...................................
piping components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
piping system .....................
severe cyclic conditions .
301 ..............................................

No.
-

Code Reference

5-11

.......................... 2-3
. . . . . . . . . . . 10.02
. . . . . . . . . . . . 4.11

.................................
302.2.4 L302.2.31 .....................

1-32

1.3. 1.32. 2.14. 3.4.


4-1 1. 7.01. 7.04. 8-04
......................... .13.15
1.18. 1.38. 2.16. 3.13. 8.25. 11-05
.......................... 2-20
1.42. 1.78. 2.20. 3-1 1
Table 302.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . 1.20. 1.50. 2.14. 2.15. 2.24. 3.4.
4-1 O. 4-1 2. 6-03R (Vol. 7). 6.07. 7.04.
7.05. 8-16

304.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . .

...........

12-05
8-37
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.21. 1.37. 1.55. 1.75. 2-27
1.70
Fig. 304.3.4 .......................................
304.3.5 ..........................................
12-13
..3.4. 9.07. 10-14
304.5 .................................
...................................... 8-18
9.1 0
304.5.1 (b) .........................................
. . . . . . . 1.51. 3.2. 4.05. 5.05. 5-1 1. 6.09. 10.07.
10-1 1. 10.18. 12.09. 13.02. 13.03. 13.05. 13-1 1
304.7.4 .......................................

304.3.3

305.2.1

7.02. 8.06. 8.37.

11.10.

.................................
...........................................
................................ 6.01.

1-38
7.03
12-16
306.4 ............................................
...............11-03

. . . . . . . . .5.12
308.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
311.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
311.2.5 ......................
312 ..............................................
9-07
314.2.1 ......................
...............

3-6
3-6
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.17
......................................... 8-13
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .9.01
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.17
. . .7.04. 7.05. 12-06
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.1 0
55. 2.24. 5.15. 13-05
. . . . . . . . . . .1.33. 13-14
319.4.1 . . . . .
. . . ..1.71. 2.7. 2-24
. . . . . . . . . . . . .1.16. 7-05

......................................

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
. . . . . . .10.10. 12-18

322.6.3 ......................
1.32. 2.21. 2.29. 7.01. 12-04
8-19
323.1.1 ...........................................
323.1.2 . . . . . . . . 1.11. 1.15. 1.48. 2.1. 6.06. 8.07. 8.19. 11-03
323.2 .............................................. 3-9
......................... 1-13
Table 323.2.2
. . . 1.12. 1.48. 1.65. 1.76.
2.19. 3.8. 4.01. 4-15

Cumulative index .
B3 1.3 Interpretations Vols . 1- 13
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Interpretation

No.

Code Reference

Interpretation

No.

Code Reference

. . . . . . ..
323.2.4
323.3 ................................
323.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-12
Table 323.3.1
[Table 323.2.21
. . 1-12, 1-76, 4-17, 5-19, 5-21, 8-29,
10-2, 11-12
323.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
323.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9

328 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-02, 12-12
328.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12-07
.....
328.2 [327.5]
328.2.1 [327.5
.5.2]
328.4.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2 . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12-10
Figure 328.4.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . .8-28, 9-08
328.5 [327.4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
328.5.1 (327.4.11
......
328.5.2 [327.4.21
......
1-28, 5-1 2, 6-02, 6-05,
8-27
. 1-59, 1-74, 2-10, 4-03,
328.5.4 I327.4.41
4-14, 7-08, 8-13, 10-04, 13-11
Fig. 328.5.4 [Fig. 327.4.41 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-59, 1-74, 4-03, 4-16,
7-08
......
2-1 8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-21
330.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-23
Table 330.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
............
331 . . . . . . _ . . _ _ _ _
331.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-08, 9-05
Table 331.1.1
[Table 331.3.1 1 . . . . . . . . . . l -69, 2-2, 5-06, 8-24, 9-03, 12-14
331.1.2
.............................
8-05
331.1.3 [331.3.6] . . . . .
. . . . . 1-39, 1-59, 4-06, 5-06, 9-03,
11-06
331.1.4 [331.1.2] , . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-O8

341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.41

. . . , . . . . . 1-62, 2-25, 2-32, 3-5, 3-14,

10-09, 10-12, 11-02, 11-04, 13-12


341.4 [336.5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24, 1-45, 3-12, 5-20, 11-01
. . . . 1-10, 1-26, 1-27, 1-60, 2-12,
341.4.1 [336.5.1]
2-28, 3-7, 3-12, 4-12, 5-10,
8-02, 8-10, 8-26, 10-03, 10-17,
11-11, 11-14, 11-15
341.4.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
341.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
341.5.1 [336.6.1] . . . . . . . . . . . .

344.2 [336.4.2]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13-12
. . . . . . ..... . . . . _ _ .2-28,
. _ 8-10, 8-26, 11-11

331.2.2 [331.1.1]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-39,

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35

_.........

. . . . . .. ..
345.7 [337.5.2] , . . _. . . . . _ _ _. _
. . ._ _ . .
345.8 1337.61 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , .1-25, 3-10
345.9 [337.5.1] . . . . . . . . 4-09, 5-07, 6-08, 8-15, 10-15, 12-01,
12-2 1
A304 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
.. . . . . . ..
A304.5.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-78

. .8-14,
335.2

. . . . .. .. . . . ..

...........................

10-08, 13-08

2-5

340.3 [336.3] . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M305.1
341

....................

..........

341.3.1 [336.5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-64, 2-4


. . . . . . . .8-32
341.3.2
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-09, 13-16
Table 341.3.2A
[Table 327.4.1Al
1-1, 1-9, 1-14, 1-41, 2-8, 5-04,
5-13, 5-16, 5-17, 5-18, 5-20, 6-04, 7-06,
8-32, 8-38, 9-04, 11-08, 11-14, 12-22, 13-16
Table 341.3.28 [Table 327.4.1Bl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-18, 6-04

(b)

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.. . . .

M335.4 [M335.5, M335.61


M341.4.1 [M336.5.1]

MA323.4

. .. . . . . . .

..........
..........................................

9-02

Cumulative index - B3 1.3 Interpretations Vols. 1 - 1 3

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Interpretation
Code Reference

No.

_
.

MA323.4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix A Notes
(No equivalent) [(14)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note (1 7) . . .

8-35
.2-20

Note (57)[(2)] ......................


. . . . . . ..l-58
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table i]. . . . . . . . . . 1-13, 1-18, 1-29, 1-38, 1-48,
1-77, 2-1, 3-8, 3-9, 3-13, 4-12,
4-1 3, 6-01, 6-06, 7-03, 8-1 1,
8-18, 8-25, 8-34, 8-36, 11-13, 12-09
Table A-1 B [Table i] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-78, 2-20, 4-1 8, 7-03
1-6, 1-7, 1-34, 1-46, 1-55,
Appendix D ....................
1-56, 1-71, 2-7, 2-24, 4-16,
5-01, 5-15, 6-06, 12-08, 12-1 1, 12-17, 13-05
Appendix E [Appendix KI

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6-01, 8-09

Case 141 . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . .13-O9
. . . . . . . . . .3-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-51

Cumulative Index - 63 1.3 Interpretations Vols. 1 - 13

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Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

**

ASME B31-3*INT N O . * 1 3

0759670 0565963 9 9 9

SUBJECT INDEX
Interpretation

Interpretation

N O.
-

Subject

5.17. 5.18. 5.20. 6.04. 7.06. 8.32. 12.22. 13-16

Brazed Joints
for flammable service ................................

Allowable Stresses . .
........................ 4-12
bases for ....................
.1.18, 3.13. 8.11. 8.25. 10-13
for ASTM A 312 . . .
........................... 1-29
for ASTM A 351 . . . . . . . . . . . .

Buckles .....................................
Cast Irons
specific requirements

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-38
for ASTM A 570 . . . . . . . . . . .
for ASTM A 587 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for ASTM A 671 . . . . . . . . . . .
................ 1-48

Alterations of Piping

Alternative Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Authorized Inspector

....................................

1 3-09

.4.02, 8-03

Bonding Qualification Test


hot gas welded .....................................
8-14
minimum burst pressure ........................
.7.09, 8-14
procedure specifications for plastic piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10.08
solvent cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.14
Bonds
heat fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
hot gas welded .....................................
test assembly ......................................

8.14
8.14
7.09

Bolting Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.15

Components (see also Fittings. Flanges. Standard


components. Unlisted and Valves)
certification ........................
. l-26, 3.7. 5-1O. 13-10
design conditions ....................................
2.3
fabricated or flared laps ......................
.11.03. 12-16
8.01
in-line sensing devices ...............................
.1.44. 5-10
referenced standards ..........................

Branch Connections
extruded outlets .........................
. l-37, 2.27. 6-09
flexibility analysis ...................................
9.01
integrally reinforced fitting .....................
.4.05, 11-10
projection into run pipe ........................
.8.28. 9-03

Compressors
internal piping ......................................

. 1-8

Corrugated Bends ..................................

1.23

.
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-13

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Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.10.01

Code Coverage
631.3 versus 831.4 ........................... .l-47,7-10
general hydrocarbon service ..........................
6.01
in-line sensing devices ...............................
8.01
new and replacement piping ....................
5.22, 12-21
offshore platform ...................................
8.17
oil heating system ...................................
4.19
radioactive fluids ..................................
12.20
synfuel plant piping ...........................
. l-52, 2-26
tobacco plant piping ..................................
3.1

Bends
corrugated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-23
miter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see Miter Bends
8.20
reduction of outside diameter .........................

Cumulative Index

..............................

Category M Fluid Service


clarification of term ...........................
.1.73. 9-02
double contained piping ..............................
8.35
leak test ...........................................
6.08
liquid oxygen ......................................
8.09
requirements ...........................
.8.35, 9.02, 12-15
tubing size limitations ................................
2.13
"very small quantity" ...............................
. l-40

Inspector

Bellows ...........................................
Bending

. l-23, 1-53

.l 3.04

.see Leak Tests

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Owner's

1.17

Category D Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for ..........................
. l-36
limitations ...................................
.4.13, 5-03
radiographic examination .............................
8.38

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.13

.............................

._

reinforcement ....................
.8.0 6. 8.37. 12.05. 12-13
weld requirements . .2.10. 4.03. 4.14. 7.02. 7.08. 10.04. 13-11

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests ......................................
. l-2
weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1. 1.9. 1.14. 1.41. 2.8. 5.09. 5.13.

for austenitic stainless steels . .

No.

Subject

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

ASHE ~31.3*1NT N0.*l13

**

0759670 0565964 825

Interpretation

Interpretation

No .
Cyclic Loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No.
-

5.12

Design (see also Pressure


Design)
additional design considerations .....................
.12.13
conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
for stainless bellows ................................
12.23
Lame theory ....................................... 1-57
minimum temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.02
Displacement Stress

....................

see Seismic

Empty System
transportation ......................................

liquid pentrant

9-06

1.24. 5-1 8. 11-01

...................... 3-14, 11-15


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Liquid Pentrant Examination
. . . . . . . . .see Progressive Examination
see Radiographic Examination

. . . . . . . . . . . 1-27, 1-45, 1-62, 2-12,


2-32, 4-1 2, 1 1-1 5
11-11
1-24, 1-60, 6-04, 11-14, 11-15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-17, 11-14
...................... 1-62

....................

required . . . . . . . .

spot . . . . . . . . . .
visual ..............................

see visual examination

. . . . . . . . . see ultrasonic examination


Exclusions
for compressors and internal piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.8
for interconnecting piping ...........................
1-19
listed in scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-5
Expansion Joints

......................

Flexibility Analysis
branch connections .................................
9.01
exemptions from ....................................
1.33
qualification ...............................
.13.05, 13-14

.2.14. 2.24. 12-06

Earthquake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Examination
extent of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.1 0
long welding neck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.05
slip-on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.12, 8-27
use of aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 1-5 1
use of raised and flat face metallic .....................
9.07

.1.16. 12.23.

3-09

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of .............................
.l-21, 1-70
tees considered as . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.55

Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
1.56
diameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for a tee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.55, 1.56, 5-01
for components not listed
.1.55, 2-24
in Appendix D .............................
Flexibility Factors
basis for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-56
for 616.9 tees ..........................
.1-7, 12.08, 12-17
for fabricated intersections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-6, 4.16. 5-15
for pressure piping components ......................
13.05
for welded elbows ...................................
1.6
Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon ................................
6.01
requirements, metallic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1-1 6. 12-1 5. 12-1 6
requirements. nonmetallic ....................
.11.17. 11-18
responsibility for
.4.08. 8-09
categorizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-58

Hardness
limitations on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2
records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-22
Heat Fusion Joints

................................

13.08

Heat Treatment
Extruded Welded l e e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.01

...............................
............

1-69

..............................

8-12

..................................

1-69

tee1

8.27
8.13
1-74
10-4

............................

Fittings
616.9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.7. 5-01
conforming to two grades ............................
8.18
flared. flareless. or
.3.6. 12-16
compression types ..........................
MSS SP-75 ........................................
1-11

SP-1 through SP-5 .................................. 8.24


when radiography i s
required
............................. 1.64. 2-4

Hydrostatic Tests
Flammable Service

.................................

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.........................

.see Leak Tests

1-1 7

Flanges
assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.67, 3.4, 9-7
(f)

5.08. 8-05

Impact lests
absorbed energy data .................................
2.9
alternative methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.30
base metal ..................................
.4.01. 1 1-1 2
Cumulative Index .
B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 3

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Fillet Weld
internal. slip-on flange . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
pressure containing ..................................
size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

exclusions from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-76, 5-14. 8-30
heat treatment required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.19
in qualifying procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.29
of aluminum filler metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.19
of austenitic stainless steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-65
of bolting materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.15
of the heat affected zone .......................
.1.76, 5-21
of weldments . .
1.12, 1.65, 1.76, 5-21

. . . . . . . . . .5.14, 8-30
Imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)
concave root surface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 .l. 6-04
determination of . . . . . . . . . . . .
lack of fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
porosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.9. 5.13. 5.16, 5-20

.........................

Interpretation

No.

Subject

5-20

pneumatic test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11.07. 1 1.19. 12.02. 13-06


preparation for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.6. 3.10. 5.02. 5.23. 12-03
reduced pressure
.1.61. 2.23. 13-13
(hydrostatic test) ......................
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8.15. 13-13
sensitive ..........................................
1-25
temperature correction for ......................
. l-35, 1-43
test fluid .........................................
12-19
test pressure ......................................
12.04

lethal Substance

...................................

1.73

limitations
on imperfections .........................
see Imperfections
2-2
on hardness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
on tubing size .................................
.2.13. 3-6
Liquid Penetrant Examination
requirements ......................................

11.14

Installed Piping . . . . . . . . . .

Internal Piping. Equipment

.7-07. 8-01

..........................

. l-8

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234.
ASTM A 31 2. ASTM A 403 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.20
for branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.06
for circumferential welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-42
for longitudinal and spiral
.1.78. 3-1 1, 8-06
welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Joints
circumferential bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-11
exposed during test ............................
.2-6, 3-1 O
instrument tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-07
special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-13
threaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-16
Lateral Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. l-6

Leak Tests
acceptance criteria
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
alternative . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.09. 5.07. 6.08. 8-1 5. 12.01. 12-21
as nondestructive examination
. . . . . . . . . . . .8.31
for Category D fluid service . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . .1.36
for system designed for
o psi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2
isolation of test pump
leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
minimum hydrostatic test
pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.23, 4-04
. . . . . . . . . .1.2
minor repairs and additions
of discharge piping . . . . . . .
of newly constructed
systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.4, 5.02, 5.22, 8-15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-63
of piping and vessel
of piping connecting
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
equipment
of replacement piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.22, 12-21
painting before test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.6, 3.10, 5-23
personnel qualification . . . . .
8-31

low Temperature
Requirements .........................
Materials
API 5L ..............................

1.78. 2.4. 3.9. 3.11.


6.01. 6-06
API 5LX ......................................
2.4. 11-05
ASTM A 234
.................................. 2-20
....................... .1.29. 1.77. 2-20
ASTM A 351 .....................................
11-13
ASTM A 387 ...................................... 8-25
ASTM A 403 ................................
.1.77. 2-20
ASTM A 487 ......................................
8-07
ASTM A 537 .......................................
2-1
ASTM A 570 ......................................
1-38
ASTM A 587 ......................................
1-13
ASTM A 633 ......................................
1-11
ASTM A 658 .......................................
3-8
ASTM A 671 . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-48
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.19
.............................. 4-18
........................ 8-11
austenitic stainless steels .............................
3.13
bases for design stresses ............................ 1 1-05
... .5.10. 8.02. 13-10
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.18. 8-34
notch sensitive
.................... 2-22
reidentification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.19
toughness requirements ..............................
5.19
unlisted material ............................
.l l-05, 1 1-20
Miter Bends
pressure design of

.............................

. l-22, 5-11

Near Straight Sawtooth


Runs
explanation of ......................................

1-33

Nomenclature

d ................................................

1-54

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
t,
- ................................................ 1-75
T

T,

..........................................

Cumulative Index .
63 1.3 Interpretations Vols . 1.
13

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5-04, 5-16

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Instrument Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

~~

NO-*:L3

ASME B3&.3*INT

**

= 0759670 0565966 b T 8

Interpretation

No.

Subject

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements ..................... 11-1 7. 1 1-1 8
in Category M Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.35
joint requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.7.09, 8-1 4
Notch Sensitive
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Occasional Variations
(pressureltemperature allowances)
loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

2.22

. . . . . . . .1.3.

2-1 4. 4-1 1
.1.50. 2-1 5. 2.16. 2-1 7

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices ............................
.2.21. 2-29
and test pressure .....................
.11.07, 11.19, 12-04
.1.32. 7.01. 12-04
setting ................................
stop valves ................................
.10.10. 12-18
Pressure Surges
loads due to ......................................

Pressure-Temperature Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.05, 8-34


Pressure Test

Owner
responsibilities . . . . . . .

1.26. 2.30. 5-22

Owners Inspector
qualifications of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.31
responsibilities of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-26
Pipe
alterations of existing pipe

...........................

...............................

13.04
2-15

pressure design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13-07
pressure testing . . . . . . . . . . .
9-09
spiral welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-03
straight, under internal pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10.20, 1 1-21

Pipe supports
configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
longitudinal stress effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
use of plastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.07
7.05
1.49

Plastic
lined pipe .
use of screwed flanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.33
pipe supports ......................................
1-49
Pneumatic Tests

..........................

Positions
qualification of welding

.see Leak Tests

..............................

Postweld Heat Treatment

..............

Preheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.66

Pressure Design
for elevated temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.4
in the high pressure range ............................
1.68
of extruded headers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l -2 1, 1-70
of flanges and blanks ........................
.10.14, 13-15
of miter bends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-21
of pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.42, 1.54, 1.57, 1.68,

..............................

Progressive Examination

.see Leak Test

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5. 1.62. 3.5. 10.09.


10.10. 10-12
11.02. 11.04. 13-12

Published Specification

.............................

1-1 5

Radiographic Examination
100% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-09
as supplementary examination .........................
8.38
random radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.27, 1.45, 1.62, 2-1 2.
2.32. 3-12
records ...........................................
1.1 0
requirements ....................
.6.04. 1 1.01. 11.05. 1 2-03
selection of welds for
2-25
examination ......................................
spot radiography ..............................
. l-62, 3-12
when PWHT is required ........................
.1.64. 2-4
Records
certification ............................. 5.1 O. 8.02. 10-03
of examinations ..................................
.1 1.11
of hardness tests ....................................
8.22
for radiographic examination ..........................
1.10
retention of ........................................
1.10
Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld ..............................
clarification of terms ..........................
limits of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Repairs
to welds

see Heat Treatment


see Heat Treatment

. l-50

.4.03. 7-08
.1.37. 11-10
.2.27. 9-04

..........................................

Responsibility
designer ......................................
rights of owners inspection .......................
Safeguarding
Scope

.....................................

...............................

2.18

10-11
10-03
5.12

.see Code Coverage

.....................................
.....................................

4-07
2.17

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading ......................................
large rapid temperature change ........................
spiral welded pipe ..................................

5.12
8.09
7.03

Seismic loads
stresses due to

Pressure Rating
valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
variations ..........................................

h)

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8.04

4.11

Simplified Flexibility Analysis


Cumulative Index

.......................

. l -33

.
631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1.
13

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1.70, 2.11, 11.21, 13-07


of unlisted components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13.02, 13.03, 13-05
of valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8.04, 13-15

ASME B31-3*INT N O - * I J ~

**

0759670 O565967 534

Interpretation

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

Standard Components
.3.7. 8-02
manufacturers markings .........................
valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.05. 8.04. 8-07
Standards
compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
superseded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stresses (see also
Allowable Stresses)
displacement stress range ......................
.7.04.
due to cold spring ..................................
due to occasional loads ..............................
due to pressure surges ...............................
due to seismic loads .................................
due to thermal gradients ..............................
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.20, 1.50, 2.15, 2.24,
4.12, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 6.07, 7.05,

5.1 O
1.44

Thickness Allowances
in stress calculations .................................
Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography .............................
requirements .....................................
Unlisted
components

12-06
8.16
2.16
1-50
2-17
3.4
4.10,
8-16

Stress Intensification Factors


application of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.34. 2.24. 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-56
branch connections ..................................
2.7
for 616.9 tees .......................................
1.7
for fabricated intersections .......................
. l-6, 5-1 5
for tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.46, 1.55, 1.71, 5.01, 12.08, 12-17
for unlisted components ............................
.l3.05
for welded elbows ............................
. l-6, 12-1 1
Temperature
design minimum temperature .......................
.i0.02
large changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.09
limitations ...................................
.4.13, 5-1 4
reduction ..........................................
4.11
Thermoplastic piping
heat fusion joints ....................................
solvent cemented joints ..............................
specific requirements ................................

No.
-

13-08
10-08

1 1-05
.l0-1 7

. . . . . . . . . . 1.6.

1.51. 3.6. 4.05. 5.05. 8.7. 10.18.


10-11. 10.07. 12.09. 13.02. 13.03. 13-05
materials ...................................
see Materials

Valves
Category M Fluid Service .............................
materials ..........................................
pressure build up ...................................
ratings ............................................
Visual Examination
internal ...............................
requirements ..........................
Washers. Use of

8.35
8.07
8.04
5-05

.8.10. 8.26. 13-16


.2.28. 10.03. 13-16

....................................

2.5

Weld
. 2.11 0
bevels
examination of welds ............ 10.15. 11.01. 11.14. 13-16
fillet size
.1.74. 10-19
for branch connections
.2.10. 4.03. 4.14. 8.37. 11-10
imperfections ......................
see Acceptance Criteria
.2.20. 3-1 1. 4-18
longitudinal .............................
of valves ........................................
.i2.12
preparation for welding .............................
13.01
qualification of position ..............................
1.66
reinforcement ...............................
.7.08. 11-08
repair ............................................. 2-18
socket ................................
.6.02. 6.05. 10-19
spacing of .........................................
7.02

..........................................

...................................

........

10-06

Tubing
joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-07
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2-13. 3-6

Welding Procedure
qualification of .1.12. 1.65. 1.66. 1.76. 4.17. 8.23. 8.29. 11-09
responsibility ...............................
.12.07. 12-12
specification .................................
.8.21. 8-22

Cumulative index .
B31.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-13
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ASME B31.3JINT

NOmJ13

**

0759670 0 5 b 5 9 6 8 470

A3793C
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ASME B31.3

INTERPRETATIONS NO. 12
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1, 1993, Through March 31, 1994

General Information

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3
as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the
interpretation, or if none is stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of
the interpretation. Subsequent revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These
interpretations are not part of the Code or its Addenda.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the
interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply
bearing the original interpretation number with the suffi R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons
aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As
stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve, certiw,
rate, or endorse any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparaion of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix Z.
Code Reference and Subject Indexes

Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating
interpretations by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from
Volume 1 up to and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

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B31.3

File No.
B31-93-041
B31-93-004
B31-93-027
B31-93-017
B31-93-032
B31-93-007
B31-93-035
B31-93-001
B31-93-024
B31-93-009
B31-93-022
B31-93-044
B31-92-075
B31-93-036
B31-92-074
B31-92-072
B31-93-031
B31-93-055
B31-93-030
B31-93-051
B31-93-006
B31-93-034
B31-93-010

137

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Subject
Interpretation
Para . 301.1 Scope .................................................................
12-20
Para . 304.3.3, Reinforcement of Welded Branch Connections ...........................
12-05
Para . 304.3.5(d), Additional Design Considerations ....................................
12-13
Para. 304.7.2(e) and Table A.1. Unlisted Components and Elements and Basic
Allowable Stresses...............................................................
12-09
Para . 306.4, Fabricated or Flared Laps ...............................................
12-16
Para . 319.2.3, Displacement Stress Range .............................................
12-06
Para. 322.6.1, Stop Valves in Pressure Relief Piping ....................................
12-18
Para . 322.6.3(b)(2), Pressure Relieving Devices ........................................
12-04
Para . 328. Welding ................................................................
12-12
Para . 328.1, Welding Responsibility ..................................................
12-07
Para . 328.4.2(a)(2) and Fig. 328.4.2 Sketches (a) and (b). End Preparation ................
12-10
Paras. 345.1 and 345.9, Required Leak Test and Altemative Leak Test ...................
12-21
Para . 345.3, Preparation for Leak Test ...............................................
12-03
Para . 345.4.1, Hydrostatic Leak Test .................................................
12-19
Para . 345.5.4, Pneumatic Leak Test Pressure ..........................................
12-02
Para . 345.9, Alternative Leak Test ...................................................
12-01
Para. M305.1, Fluid Service Requirements for Metallic Piping Components ...............
12-15
Para . X3.1.3 and Fig. X3.1.3, Design Fatigue Curve for Stainless Bellows .................
12-23
Table 331.1.1, Heat Treatment Requirements .........................................
12-14
Table 341.3.2a, Acceptance Criteria for Welds ........................................
12-22
Table D.1. Flexibility and Stress Intensification Factors ................................
12-11
Table D.1. Flexibility and Stress Intensification Factors ................................
12-17
Table D.1. Flexibility and Stress Intensification Factors ................................
12-08

831.3 Interpretations No. 12

12-01, 12-02.12-03

Interpretation: 12-01

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 345.9, Alternative Leak Test

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-92-072

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, may in-process examination, in accordance with para. 344.7, be substituted for all or part of the radiographic examination requirements
specified in para. 345.9.1 if so specified in the engineering design?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 12-02

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 345.5.4, Pneumatic Leak Test Pressure

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-92-074

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 345.5.4, does the Code require
that pneumatic test pressure be adjusted according to the ratio of stress value at test temperature
to stress at design temperature?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 12-03

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 345.3, Preparation for Leak Test

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-92-075

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, does the Code require that all radiographic examination, and all owner-specified magnetic particle examination, be completed before
any leak testing is performed?
Reply: No.

139

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ASME B3L=3*INT N 0 - * 1 2
~

**

I0757670 0542185 724 I,

~~~~
~

~~

831.3 Interpretations No. 12

12-04.12-05

Interpretation: 12-04

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 322.6.3@)(2), Pressure Relieving Devices

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-93-001

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, if the syst m test pressure is
greater than 120% of design pressure, is it acceptable to set a liquid thermal relief device at the
system test pressure?
Reply (1): No; the set pressure shall not exceed 120% of design pressure, unless the requirements of para. 322.6.3(b)(l) are met.
Question (2): Which pressure is considered the system test pressure for a piping system where
all piping subassemblies which include all welds and components are hydrotested at 150% of design
pressure and then assembled and pneumatically tested at 110% of design pressure?
Reply (2): 110% of design pressure.
Question (3): What is the basis for the 120% of design pressure as used in para. 322.6.3(b)(2)?
Reply (3): The Committee does not provide rationale.

Interpretation: 12-05

Subject:

ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, Para. 304.3.3, Reinforcement of Welded Branch


Connections

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B3 1-93-004

Question: In accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, does a fabricated tee, for which
the rules of para. 304 apply, that has been proof tested in accordance with the rules of ASME B16.9
and its references, also have to meet the requirements of para. 304.3.3 to determine the amount of
reinforcement required?
Reply: Yes, unless it meets all of the requirements of ASME B16.9

140
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831.3 Interpretations No. 12

12-06.1247.12-08

Interpretation: 12-06

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 319.2.3, Displacement Stress Range

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-93-007

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, does para. 319.2.3 require that the
difference between the minimum and maximum piping temperatures, whether caused by ambient
or operating conditions, be considered as one of the range of conditions for calculating the displacement stress range?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 12-07

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 328.1, Welding Responsibility

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-93-009

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 328.1, is it permissible for owner,
rather than employer, to assume responsibility for the welding done by employers personnel; and
for owner to provide WPS, PQR, and to arrange for tests required to qualify or r e q u a l e welders
and welding operators?
Reply: No.

Interpretation: 12-08

Subject:

ASh4E B31.3-1990 Edition, Table D-1, Flexibility Factor k and Stress Intensification
Factor i

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-93-010

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, may a tee manufactured in accordance
with ASME B16.9, that does not meet the radius and thickness requirements listed in Table D-1 of
Appendix Dybe used in the construction of B31.3 piping systems?
Reply: Yes; however, the stress intensification factor listed in Table D-1 of Appendix D for
B16.9 tees does not apply. Refer to Notes for Table D-1 and para. 319.3.6 for additional guidance
on stress intensification factors.

141
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B31.3 interpretations No. 12

12-09, 12-10,12-11

Interpretation: 12-09
Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition with Addenda, Para. 304.7.2(e) and Table A-1, Unlisted
Components and Elements and Basic Allowable Stresses

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-93-017

Question (i):In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, does the Code permit the use of
pipe made from ASTM A 240 Grade 321H plate in accordance with ASTM A 358?
Reply (1): Yes, see para. 323.1.2.
Question (2): If so, can the allowable stresses listed for ASTM A 312 Grade TP 321H with
appropriate joint factors be used?
Reply (2): The Code does not spec@ allowable stress values for unlisted materials.

Interpretation: 12-10
Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition With ASME B31.3b-1991 Addenda, Para. 328.4.2(a)(2)


and Fig. 328.4.2 Sketches (a) and (b), End Preparation

Date Issued:

June 7, 1993

File:

B31-93-022

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition with ASME B31.3b-1991 Addenda,
para. 328.4.2(a)(2) and Fig. 328.4.2 sketches (a) and (b), can the tolerance for the end bevel angle
for a groove weld exceed plus or minus 2V2 deg, if verifiable to the WPS?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 12-11
Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Table D-1, Flexibility and Stress Intensification Factors

Date Issued:

September 17, 1993

File:

B31-93-006

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, what is the definition of large diameter thin wall elbows mentioned in Note (7) to Table D-l?
Reply: A large diameter thin wall elbow is one in which the pressure significantly affects the
calculated values of k and i when corrected by the equation in Note (7).

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631.3 Interpretations No. 12

12-12, 12-13, 12-14

Interpretation: 12-12

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 328, Welding

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-024

Question: In accordance with MME B31.3-1993 Edition, if a customer invokes B31.3 in his
general specification and requires that the valves be made to MME B16.34, do the specific requirements of B16.34 in reference to welding and postweld heat treatment take precedence over the
requirements given in B31.3 for pipe welding?
Reply: B16.34 applies to the manufacture of the valve. Welding of the valve to the piping system
(including postweld heat treatment) shall be per the requirements of B31.3.

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Interpretation: 12-13

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 304.3.5(d), Additional Design Considerations

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-027

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, may the ribs and gussets referred
to in para. 304.3.5(d) be either internal or external?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Does the placement of one or more bars across the internal opening of a branch
connection contribute to reinforcement of the opening?
Reply (2): No, unless qualified in accordance with the requirements of para. 304.7.2

Interpretation: 12-14

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition With Addenda ASME B31.3a-1990, Table 331.1.1, Heat
Treatment Requirements

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-030

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition with Addenda ASME B31.3a-1990,
Table 331.1.1, do P-No. 5 materiais with a chromium content greater then 3% but less than lo%,
a carbon content less than 0.15%, and a nominal thickness of V2 in. or less require postweld heat
treatment?
Reply: Yes.
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831.3 Interpretations No. 12

12-15, 12-16, 12-17

Interpretation: 12-15
Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. M305.1, Fluid Service Requirements for Metallic
Piping Components

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-031

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, may tubing be used for process piping
in Category M Fluid Service?
Reply: Yes; see para. M305.1 and definition of pipe in para. 300.2.

Interpretation: 12-16
Subject:

ASh4E B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 306.4, Fabricated or Flared Laps

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B3 1-93432

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, what are the limitations of hot
flaring N P S 6-12 ASTM B 106 Grade B and A 53 Grade B carbon steel pipe?
Reply: Hot flaring for NPS 6-12 is not permitted for severe cyclic conditions, Category M Fluid
Services, or High Pressure Fluid Services. For Normal Fluid Service, see paras. 306.4.2, 332.1, and
332.3.

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Table D-1, Flexibility Factor k and Stress Intensification
Factor i

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-034

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990Edition, Table D-1, Appendix D, does the use
of the stress intensification factor listed..for a welding tee per ASME B16.9 require T, = 1.5T for
both full size and reducing tees?
Reply: Yes; however, see Note (11) to Table D-1 and para. 319.3.6 for additional guidance
when the thickness limits are not met.

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Interpretation: 12-17

831.3 Interpretations No. 12

12-18, 12-19, 12-20

Interpretation: 12-18

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 322.6.1, Stop Vaives in Pressure Relief Piping

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-035

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, para. 322.6.1, may a stop valve be
installed between piping being protected and its protective device or devices, or between the protective device or devices and the point of discharge?
Reply: Yes, provided that the requirements of para. 322.6.1 (a) and (b) or (b) and (c) are met.
The precautionary consideration of Appendix F, para. F322.6, should be taken into account in the
engineering design.

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 345.4.1, Hydrostatic Leak Test

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-036

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Interpretation: 12-19

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, does the B31.3 Code contain requirements for the water to be used for hydrostatic testing?
Reply: No, except see paras. 345.2.2(c) and 345.4.1.

Interpretation: 12-20

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Para. 300.1, Scope

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-041

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, may the owner apply B31.3 to piping
containing radioactive fluids in a chemical plant?
Reply: Yes, see the Introduction which states that, If no Section of the Code for Pressure
Piping specifically covers the installation, the owner at his discretion may select any Section determined to be generally applicable ... It should be noted, however, that requirements supplementing
the Code Section may be necessary to provide safe piping for the intended application.

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831.3 Interpretations No. 12

12-21, 12-22, 12-23

Interpretation: 12-21

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Paras. 345.1 and 345.9, Required Leak Test and Aiternative Leak Test

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-04

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, when parts of an existing piping
system are replaced, does the Code require that the conditions of para. 345.1 be met?

Question (2): Does the alternative leak test in para. 345.9 apply only to welded joints?
Reply (2): No. Also, see para. 345.2.2(a).

Interpretation: 12.22

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Table 341.3.2a, Acceptance Criteria For Welds

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-051

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition, Table 341.3.2a, criterion value symbols
B, C, F and G, would the ailowable cumulative length of a defect be prorated down for welds
containing less than the weld length shown?
Reply: The Code does not specifically address this situation.

Interpretation: 12-23

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1993 Edition With Addenda ASME B31.3a-1993, Para. X3.1.3 and
Fig. X3.1.3 Design Fatigue Curve for Stainless Bellows

Date Issued:

November 19, 1993

File:

B31-93-055

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1993 Edition with Addenda ASME B31.3a-1993,
para. X3.1.3, shall an additional temperature correction factor be applied to the equation for N, in
Fig. X3.1.3?
Reply: No.

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Reply (1): ASME B31.3-1990 Edition is intended to apply to newly constructed piping. By
contractual agreement it may be applied to the repair or replacement of piping.

CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME B31.3-1990 Edition References in brackets are to
previous Editions and Addenda.)

Interpretation

Interpretation
N O.
-

Code Reference

Introduction .

......................
1.3. 1.6. 1-7
.......................
.7.1 O. 8-17
. . . . . . . .1.26. 1.32. 4.08. 5.03. 8.09. 10-1 1
300ic) . . . . . . . . . . . . .3.2. 3.4. 4.10. 6-03R (Vol. 7) 7.05. 8-30
300(c)(300ie)l . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3. 1.6. 1-7
.7.1 O. 8.17. 9.06. 12-20
300.1 ............................
300.1.1 . . . . . . . . .1.47. 1.52. 2.26. 3.1. 4.19. 6.01. 8.01. 9-02
Fig. 300.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.8. 1.19. 2.26. 7.10. 8-17
300.1.3 [300.1.4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.8. 1.16. 1.19. 1.26. 3-2
300.1.3d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-05
300.2
Category D Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.13. 5.03. 6-01
Category M Fluid Service . . . . . .1.40. 1.73. 6.01. 8.09. 9-02
notch-sensitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.22
owner . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . 2.30
piping components

.5.12.
severe cyclic conditions ......................
301 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3.
301.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
301.2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-09
5-11
7-01
2-29
. . . . . 2.3
301.3.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-02
4-11
301.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
............................ 4-07
............................. 3-4
1-32
302 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.....................................
1-50
302.2 . . .
302.2.4 (302.2.31 .....................
1.3. 1.32. 2.14. 3.4.
4-1 1. 7.01. 7.04. 8-04
.1.18. 1.38. 2.16. 3.13. 8.25. 11-05
........................... 2-20
Table 302.3.4 ......................
.1.42. 1.78. 2.20. 3-1 1
302.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.20. 1.50. 2.14. 2.15. 2.24. 3.4.
4-1 O. 4-1 2. 6-03R (Vol. 7) 6.07. 7.04.
7.05. 8-16
. l-50, 2-1 5. 2-1 6. 2-1 7
302.3.6 ...........................
302.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-20
6-05
303 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.42. 1.54. 1-70
304.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
304.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.42. 1.57. 1.68. 1.70. 2.11. 10-20
.1.22. 5-11
304.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fig. 304.2.3 . .
.............................
1-22
304.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.21. 1.46. 5.01. 6-09
304.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-05
304.3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4.0 3. 7.02. 8.06. 8.37. 11.10. 12-05

N O.
-

Code Reference

Fig. 304.3.3 . . . . . . .
.....................
8-37
304.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . .
.l-21. 1.37. 1.55. 1.75. 2-27
Fig. 304.3.4 . . . . . . .
...................... 1-70
304.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
.3. 1. 9.07. 10-14
304.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
304.5.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-18
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9.10
304.5.1 br .......................
05. 5-1 1, 6.09. 10.07
304.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.51. 3.2. 4-05
10.11. 10.18, 12-09
1-16
304.7.4 ...........................................
305.2 . . . . .
..............................
3.8 3-9
1-38
305.2.1 ...........................................
.6.01, 7-03
305.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
306.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-16
306.4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-03
308.2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
308.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
.6.02. 6-05
31 1.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31 1.2.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.10.04
. . . . . .9.07
312 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-22
314.2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 314.2.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8.33. 11-16
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6
315.2 ..........................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6
315.3 ..........................
...................................
1-17

................................
Table 319.3.6 ...................................

...................................
.7.01. 7.05.
3 19.2.3 ...............................
319.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.6. 1.7.
319.3.6 ........................
319.4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
319.4.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
319.7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.16.
.....................
321.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
321.1.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
322.6.1 .....................
. . . . . . . . . . .10.1 O.
322.6.3 ......................
1.32. 2.21. 2.29. 7.01
323.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11. 1.15. 1.48. 2.1. 6.06. 8.07.
323.2 .......................................
323.2.1 ...........................................
Table 323.2.2
[Table 323.2.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.12. 1.48. 1.63.
2.19. 3.8 . 4.01,
323.2.4 ...........................................

Cumulative index .
831.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 2

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2-17
12-06
4.10

7-03
1-49
12-18
12-04
8-19

1-13
1.76,
4-15
6-06

Interpretation

No.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.76. 5-13
323.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-12
Table 323.3.1
[Table 323.2.21 . . . . . . . . . 1-12, 1-76. 4.17, 5-19, 5-21, 8-29,
10.2, 11-12
8-30
323.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-9
323.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
323.4.2 ...................................
.lo-01, 10-19
........................... 5-14
TaMe 323.3.5 . . . . . . . .
Table 326.1 . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . 1-11, 1.51, 2-3, 8.07, 8-34
328 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-02, 12-12
.................................. 12-07
............................. 1-66, 11-09
328.2.1 1327.5.1, 327.5.21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-76, 4-17, 8-29
328.4.2 and Fig. 328.4.2 .........................
Figure 328.4.4 . . . . . . . . .
328.5 1327.41 . . . . . . . . . .
328.5.1 I327.4.11 . . . . . . .
328.5.2 I327.4.21 . . . . . . .
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.21 . . . . . .
1-28, 5-12, 6.02, 6-05,
8-2 7
328.5.4 (327.4.41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-59, 1-74, 2-10, 4-03,
4-14, 7-08. 8.13, 10-04
Fig. 328.5.4 [Fig . 327.4.41 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-59, 1-74, 4.03, 4-16.
7-08
328.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
330 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-21
330.1 .............................
Table 330.1.1 . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-12
331.1.1 .........................
. .8.08, 9-03
Table 331.1.1
9, 2-2. 5-06, 8.24, 9-03, 12-14
ITable 331.3.11 . . . . . . . . .
331.1.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...................... 8-05
331.1.3 I331.3.61 . . . . . . . . .
. 1-39, 1-59, 4.06, 5.06, 9-03,
11-06
.............................. 5-08
331.1.4 I331.1.21 . .
331.1.6 1331.3.43 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-08
331.1.7 1331.3.21,. ...........................
.l-78, 8-22
1-39, 1-78
331.2.2 [331.1.1] ..............................
331.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-05
8-05
331.3.7 ...........................................
8-03
332.1 .............................................
332.2 1329.1) ......................
.l-23, 1-53, 4-02, 8-20
2-2
332.4 1329.3. 330.21 .................................
332.4.2 .......................................... 11-03
335.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
1-26
340.2 I336.1.21 ....................................
340.3 [336.3] ..........................
340.4 [336.2] ..........................
341 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10-16
341.2 1336.1.1, 336.1.33 . . . . . . . .l-10, 1-26, 1-27, 2-28, 10-03
341.3.1 1336.51 ............................
341.3.2 ...................................
Fig. 341.3.2 (Fig . 327.4.1) ............................ 5.09
Table 341.3.2A
[Table 327.4.1AI . . . . . . . . . . 1-1, 1-9, 1-14, 1-41. 2-8, 5-04.
5-13, 5-16, 5-17, 5-18, 5.20, 6.04,
7-06, 8-32, 8-38, 9.04, 11-08, 11-1 4, 12-22
Table 341.3.26 [Table 327.4.181 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-18, 6-04
341.3.4 (336.5, 336.5.41 . . . . . . . . . 1-62, 2-25, 2-32, 3-5, 3-14,
10-09, 10-12, 11.02, 11-04
341.4 1336.51 . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .l-24, 1-45, 3-12, 5-20, 11-01

b)

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Interpretation

&

Code Reference

341.4.1 I336.5.11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10, 1-26, 1-27. 1.60. 2.12.


2.28. 3.7. 3.12. 4.12. 5.10.
8.02. 8.10. 8.26. 10.03. 10.17.
11.11, 11.14, 11-15
8-38
341.4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
341.4.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
341.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-38
341.5.1 I336.6.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.5, 3-12
2.28
342.1 I336.4.1 J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
343 1336.4.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.28
344 I336.41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-09
2.28, 8.10, 8.26, 11-1 1
344.2 1336.4.21 . . .
. . . . . .1.10. 1.60. 2-12
344.5 [336.4.5] . . .
344.6 [336.4.6] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.60

345 13371 .......................


345.1 I337.11 . . .
345.2.4 1337.4.33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.35
345.2.6 [337.1]
1.2. 5-22
2.6. 3.10, 5-02. 12-03
345.3 [337.3] .......................
345.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-04
.1 2.19
345.4.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.4.2 I337.4.11 . . . . . . . . . .1.35. 1.61. 1.63. 2.23. 4.04, 9-09
345.4.3 1337.4.21 . .
345.5 1337.4.41 ....................
345.5.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-19
345.5.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l2.02
345.7 1337.5.23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.36
....................... 1.25. 3-10
4.09. 5.07. 6.08. 8.15. 10.15, 12.01.
345.9 [337.5.1] . .
12-21
A304 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-14
A304.5.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A305 ......................................
A314 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-33
A323.4.2 . . . .
A327.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-09

A328.5

....................................

K322.3

.............

.8.14,

10-08

..........................

7-07
8.37
.l
2.15

Fig . K328.5.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M305.1

.........................................

3-7
M323.1.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
....
2-13
M326
M335.4
............................ 3-6
.1.24, 1-45
M341.4 lM336.51 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
W341.4.1 [M336.5.1]
2.28, 3-7
6-08
M345.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WA306.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-02
MA323.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MA323.4.2 .......................
Appendix A Notes
(Noequivalent) [ClSI
. . . 2.20
4.18
Note (17) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.77
hote (20) [!30)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cumulative Index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 2

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Code Reference

interpretation
NO.

Code Reference

Interpretation
Code Reference

Cumulative index

- B31.3

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Note (57) 1i2)] ..................................


.l-58
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table i ] .......... 1-13, 1-18, 1-29, 1-38, 1-48,
1-77, 2-1, 3-8, 3-9, 3-13, 4-12,
4-13, 6-01, 6-06, 7-03, 8-11,
8-18, 8-25, 8-34, 8-36, 11-13, 12-09
Tabk A-16 [Table i ] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-78, 2-20, 4-18, 7-03
Appendix D ....................
1-6, 1-7, 1-34, 1-46, 1-55,
1-56, 1-71, 2-7, 2-24, 4-1 6,
5-01, 5-15, 6-06, 12-08, 12-1 1, 12-17
.l-44, 5:lO
Appendix E [Appendix K I ......................
Appendix F (F323.21 ...............................
.l-29
A d i x G .......................................
5-12
Appendix H .............................
Appendix J ........................
.1-28, 1-54, 1-75, 5-04
Appendix M ............................
Appendix X, X3.1.3 ......................
Case 137 ...............................
...................... 1-51

No.
-

interpretations Vols. 1-1 2

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

SUBJECT INDEX
Interpretation

Interpretation

No.
-

Subiect

No .
-

Subiect

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.23. 1-53

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2
weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.1. 1.9. 1.14. 1.41. 2.8. 5.09. 5.13.
5.17 5.18 5.20 6.04. 7.06. 8.32. 12-22

Buckles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Allowable Stresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.12
bases for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.18. 3.13. 8.11. 8.25 10-13
for ASTM A 312 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-29
for ASTM A 35 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-1 3
for ASTM A 387 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.25
for ASTM A 570 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.38
for ASTU A 587 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.13
for ASTM A 671 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-48
for ASTM B 464 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.11
for austenitic stainless steels ..........................
3.13

Category D Fluid Service


. . . l-36
alternative pressure test for
limitations ...................................
.4.13. 5-03
radiographic examination .............................
8.38

Alternative Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. s e e Leak Tests

Authorized Inspector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Owner's Inspector


Bending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.02. 8-03

Bends
corrugated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-23
miter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see Miter Bends
reduction of outside diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-20
Bonding Qualification Test
hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.14
minimum burst pressure ........................
.7.09. 8-14
procedure specifications for plastic piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.08
solvent cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.14
Bonds
heat fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
test assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.14
8.14
7.09

Bolting Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4.15

Cast ions
specific requirements

.....

. . . . . . . l 0.01

Category M Fluid Service


. l-73, 9-02
clarification of term ...........................
double contained piping . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .8.35
leak test ....................
liquid oxvgen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-09
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.35. 9.02. 12-15

....................
"very small quantity" ................................

Code Coverage
B31.3 versus 631.4 ...........................
.1.47, 7-10
general hydrocarbon service ..........................
6.01
in-line sensing devices . .
.......................... 8-01
new and replacement pipi
.................... 5.22 12-21
offshore platform ...................................
8.17
oil heating system ...................................
4.19
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 2.20
synfuel plant piping ...........................
. l-52, 2-26
tobacco plant piping ..................................
3.1

Components (see also Fittings, Flanges, Standard


components, Unlisted and Valves)
certification ..............................
.1.26. 3.7. 3-10
design conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . .
....................
2-3
fabricated or flared laps ......................
.11.03. 12-16
in-line sensing devices ...............................
8.01
referenced standards . .
..................... 1.44, 5-10
Compressors
internal piping .......................................

Branch Connections
extruded outlets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.37. 2.27.
flexibility analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
integrally reinforced fitting .....................
.4.05,
projection into run pipe ........................
.8.28.
reinforcement ....................
.8.0 6. 8.37. 12.05.
weld requirements . . . . . . . . 2.1 O. 4.03. 4.14. 7.02. 7.08.

6-09
9.01
1 1-1 O
9-03
12-1 3
10-04

Brazed Joints
for flammable service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-17

1.8

Corrugated Bends .................................

. l-23

Cyclic loading ....................................

5.12

Design (seealso Pressure


Design)
additional design considerations .....................
. l 2.13
conditions ..........................................
2-3

Cumulative index .
B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1 .
12

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

1.40

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

-~

ASME B 3 1 = 3 * I N T NO**32
~

~~

**

0759670 0542396 50T

Interpretation
KO.
-

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

for stainless bellows ...............................


Lame theory ......................................
minimum temperature .............................

Displacement Stress

....................

Subject

.12-23
.1-57
.lo-O2

Flexibility Analysis
branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
exemptions from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.2-14, 2-24, 12-06

Earthquake.. ................................

.9-O6

Flexibility Factors
basis for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-56
for B16.9 tees.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.l-7, 12-08, 12-17
for fabricated intersections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-6, 4-1 6, 5-1 5
for welded elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-6

Examination
extent of ..............................
.l-24, 5-18, 11-01
in-process ..................................
.3-14, 11-15
liquid pentrant . . . . . . . .
. . . see Liquid Pentrant Examination
. . . . . . .see Progressive Examination
progressive . . . . . . . . . . .
radiogFaphic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Radiographic Examination
1-27, 1-45, 1-62, 2-12,
random ...........................

2-32, 4-1 2, 11-15


records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. I 1-1 1
required.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-24, 1-60, 6-04, 11-14, 11-15
severe cyclic conditions ......................
.lo-17, 11-14
spot ..............................................
1-62
visual

................

Exclusions
for compressors and internal piping ....................
for interconnecting piping ...........................
listed in xope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

............................

. l-8
.1-19
.10-5

.............................

Fillet Weld
internal, slipon flange ..............................
pressure containing .................................
size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.3-6, 12-16
MSS SP-75 ........................................
1-11

.................................

1-17

Flanges
assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-5
design ...................................
.l-67, 3-4, 9-7
general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.9-1O
long welding neck .................................
.4-O5
slip-on ......................................
.5-12, 8-27
use of aluminum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1-51
use of raised and flat face metallic ....................
.9-O7

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

2-2
8-22

...............................

.8-27
.8-13
1-74
10-4

..........................

(f)

Hardness
limitations on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
records ...........................................

.5-O1

requirements . . . . . . . .8-08. 8-21, 8-23,


SP-1 through SP-5 . . . .
when radiography is
required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-7, 3-01
conforming to two grades ...........................
.8-18

Flammable Service

1-58

Heat Treatment
cooling rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for austenitic stainless steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for bending and forming . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for flared laps ......................

Fittings
616.9 ........................................

flared, flareless, or
compression types

Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. l-1 6, 12-23

Extruded Outlet
pressure design o f . . ...........................
.l-21, 1-70
tees considered as ................................. .1-55
Extruded Welded Tee

Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.&O1
requirements, metallic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-16, 12-15, 12-16
requirements, nonmetallic ....................
. l 1-17, 11-1 8
responsibility for
.4-08, 8-09
categorizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . see visual examination


. . . .see ultrasonic examination

Expansion Joints

.9-O1
.l-33

Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
. l-56
diameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for a tee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.l-55, 1-36, 5-01
for components not listed
in Appendix D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1-35,2-24

see Seismic

Empty System
transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Hydrostatic Tests
I

'

.........................

8-12

1-64, 2-4

.see Leak Tests

Impad Tests
absorbed energy data ................................
.2-9
alternative methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
base metal.. ......................
exclusions from .........................
. l-76, 5-1 4, 8-30
heat treatment required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
in qualifying procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of aluminum filler metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2-19
of austenitic stainless steel . . . . . . . . . . .
of bolting materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4-15
of the heat affected zone.. .....................
.l-76, 5-21
of weldments ......................
.l-12, 1-65, 1-76, 5-21
temperature limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-14, 8-30
Cumulative Index

- B31.3

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

Interpretations Vols. 1-1 2

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Interpretation
Subject

No.

Imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)


concave root surface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1. 1.
determination of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lack Of fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
porosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.9. 5.13. 5.16.
slag inclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tungsten inclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.9.
undercutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.14. 2.8.
Installed Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

lethal Substance ..................................

6-04
8.32
5.09
5-20
5.20
5-1 7
6-04

. l-30

.7.07. 8-01

Internai Piping, Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. l-8

Joint FactOK
ior ASTM A 234.
ASTM A 312. ASTM A 403 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.20
for branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.06
for circumierential welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-42
for longitudinal and spiral
.1.78. 3-1 1. 8-06
welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Joints
circumferential bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.11
exposed during test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.6. 3-10
instrument tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.07
special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-13
threaded
.................................
.1 1.16
Lateral Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-6

Leak Tests
acceptance criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-2
alternative . . . . . . . . . . .4.0 9. 5.07. 6.08. 8-1 5. 12.01. 12-21
as nondestructive examination .........................
8.31
for Category D fluid service . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-36
for system designed for
O psi
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
isolation of test pump . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.................... 1-4
minimum hydrostatic test
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-23. 4-04
pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
minor repairs and additions . . . . .
....................
1-2
of discharge piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-72
of newly constructed
systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-4, 5.02. 5-22. 8-1 5
of piping and vessel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of piping connecting
equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
of replacement piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-22. 12-21
painting before test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.6. 3-10, 5-23
personnel qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-31
pneumatic test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.11-07. 11-19. 12-02
preparation for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-6, 3-1 O, 5-02, 5-23. 12-03
reduced pressure
(hydrostatic test) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sensitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
temperature correction for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
test fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l 2-19
test pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12.04

. l-73

limitations
on imperfections .........................
see imperfections
on hardness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
on tubing size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-13, 3-6
Liquid Penetrant Examination
requirements .....................................
Low Temperature
Requirements ........................

. l 1.14

.see Impact Tests

Materials
API 5L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.78. 2.4. 3.9. 3-1 1.


6.01. 6-06
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4. 11-05
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
ASTM A 312 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . l -29, 1.77. 2-20
ASTM A 351 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-13
ASTM A 387 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASTM A 403 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.l-77. 2-20
ASTM A 487 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-07
ASTM A 537 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
ASTM A 570 . . . . . . . . . . .
....
. . . . 1-38
....
. . . .1-13
ASTM A 587 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASTM A 633 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
ASTM A 658 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
ASTM A 671 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .1-48
ASTM B 241 .......................................
2-19
ASTM B 337 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-18
ASTM B 464 . . . . . . . . . . . .
austenitic stainless steels . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3-13
bases for design stresses . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1-03
certiiication . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . .5-1 O. 8-02
conforming to two grades ......................
.8-18, 8-34
...................... 2-22
reidentification .....................................
8-19
toughness requirements ..............................
5-19
unlisted material . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l l-05, 11-20
Miter Bends
pressure design of .............................

.1.22. 5-11

Near Straight Sawtooth


Runs
explanation o .....................................

1.33

Nomenclature
d ................................................

1-54
1-28
t" ................................................
1-75
.
T. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.04. 5-16
T ................................................

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements .....................
11-17. 11-18
in Category M Fluid Service ..........................
8.35
joint requirements .............................
.7.09. 8-14
Notch Sensitive
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,

Cumulative Index .
831.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 2

Copyright ASME International


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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Interpretation
NO

Subject

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Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

2.22

ASME B33.3aINT

-~

NO-*32

**

M O757670 0542378 382 M '

.___
.

Interpretation

No.

Subiect

No.

Occasional Variations
(pressure/temperature allowances) . . . . . . . . l-3, 2-1 4. 4-1 1
loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17

Progressive Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.5. 1.62. 3.5. 10.09


10.10. 10-12
11.02. 11-04

Owner
responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Published Specification

1.3 1
1.26

Pipe
elbowless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-03
in corroded condition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.15
made trom plate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.48. 8-36
of noncircular cross section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2
pressure testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9.09
spiral welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7.03
straight. under internal pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10.20, 11-21
Pipe Supports
configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
longitudinal stress effects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
use of plastic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6.07
7.05
. l-49

Plastic
lined pipe .
use of screwed flanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.33
pipe supports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-49
Pneumatic Tests

..........................

Records
certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 O. 8.02. 10-03
of examinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-1 1
of hardness tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.22
for radiographic examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
retention of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1 0
Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
clarification of terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
limits of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.4.03. 7-08
.1.37. 11-10
.2.27. 9-04

..........................................

2.18

. l-66

Responsibility
designer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rights of owner's inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10-11
10.03

Safeguarding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.12

see Heat Treatment

Pressure Design
for elevated temperatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.4
in the high pressure range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.68
of extruded headers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-21, 1-70
of flanges and blanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.10.14
of miter bends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21
of pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.42. 1.54, 1.57. 1.68.
1.70. 2-1 1 . 11-21
of valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-04
Pressure Rating
valve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
variations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-04
4.11

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.21. 2-29
and test pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.l l-07, 1 1-19. 12-04
setting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-32, 7.01. 12-04
stop valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l 0.1 O. 12-18
Pressure Surges
loads dueto . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-50

Pressure-Temperature Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.05. 8-34


Pressure Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction
or networking permitted without license from IHS
.

Radiographic Examination
100% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-09
a%supplementary examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.38
random radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.27, 1.45, 1.62. 2.12.
2.32. 3-12
records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-10
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.6.04. 11.01. 11.05. 12-03
selection of welds for
2-25
examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
spot radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.67. 3-12
when PWHT 15 required .
1.64. 2-4

Repairs
to welds

Postweld Heat Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Heat Treatment

ih)

1-15

.see Leak Tests

Positions
qualification of welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Preheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

..........................

.1.26. 2-30. 5-22

Owner's Inspector
qualifications of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
responsibilities of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Interpretation
Subiect

_
.

.see Leak Test

Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. s e e Code Coverage

Seismic loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
stresses due to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-07
2.17

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
large rapid temperature change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
spiral welded pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.12
8.09
7.03

Simplified Flexibility Analysis

.......................

. l -33

Standard Components
manufacturers markings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.3.7. 8-03
valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.0 5. 8.04. 8-07
Standards
compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
superseded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.10
1.44

Stresses (see also


Allowable Stresses)
displacement stress range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.7.04. 12-06
8.16
due to cold bpring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
due to occasional loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.16
Cumulative index .
B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-12

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

~~

Interpretation
No.
due to pressure surges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
due to seismic loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
due to thermal gradients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.20, 1.50 2.15. 2.24.
4-1 2. 6-03R IVOI. 7) 6.07. 7.05.

.
.

1.50
2.17
3.4
4.10
8-1 6

Stress intensification Factors


dpplication of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.34. 2.24. 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-56
branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.7
ior 816.9 tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-7
ior fabricated intersections .......................
. l-6, 5-1 5
for tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.46. 1.55. 1.71. 5.01 12.08. 12-17
for welded elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.6. 12-1 1

Temperature
design minimum temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1 0.02
large changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-09
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4.13. 5-14
reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11
Thermoplastic piping
solvent cemented joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
specific requirements ..............................

.10.8
.10.06

Tubing
joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-07
iimitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.13. 3-6
Thickness Allowances
in stress calculations . . . . . . .

1-20

Ultrasonic Examination
............................
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
in place of radiography

No.

Valves
Category bi Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . .
materials ...........................
pressure build up ....................
ratings .............................

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.07

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.04
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.03

Visual Examination
internal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
requirements ........................

. . . . . . . . .8.1 O. 8-26
. . . . . . . .2.2 8. 10-03

Washers. Use of ....................

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-j

Weld
. . . . . . . . . . . . . l 2.1 0
bevels .............................
examination of welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10.1 5. 11.01, 11-11
fillet size ...........................
. . . . . . . . .1.74. 10-19
for branch connections . . . . . . . . .2.1 O. 4.03 -1.14 8.37. 11-10
imperfections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see Acceptance Criteria
.2.2 O.
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
of valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...................
qualiication of position . .
...................
reinforcement . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7.0 8. 11-08
repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
........................ 6.02. 6
spacing of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-02

.1 1.05
.10.1 7

Unlisted
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.6. 1.51. 3.6. 4.05 5.05. 8.7.

10.18. 10.11 10.07. 12-09


.see Materials

materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

interpretation
Subiect

Welding Procedure
qualification of .1.12. 1.65. 1.66. 1.76. 4-1 7. 8.23. 8.29. 1 1-09
responsibility ...............................
.12.07. 12-12
specification .................................
.8.21. 8-27

Cumulative Index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-12

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--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

ASME B 3 1 - 3 A 9 3

0759670 0534835 4 5 1 W

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 11
Replies t o Technical Inquiries
April 1, 1992, Through March 31, 1993

General Information

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3
as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the
interpretation, or if none is stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of
the interpretation. Subsequent revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These
interpretations are not part of the Code or its Addenda.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the
interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply
bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons
aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As
stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASME does not approve, certify,
rate, or endorse any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparaion of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix Z.

Code Reference and Subject Indexes

Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating
interpretations by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from
Volume 1 up to and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.

121

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ASME B31.3A 9 3

0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0534836 378

B31.3
Subjcct
Interpretation
Unlisted Materials ....
............ 11-05
Para . 302.3.2(f), Bases for Design Stresses
11-10
Para . 304.3.3 and Appendix H. Rcinforcement of Welded Branch Connections ............
11-03
Paras . 306.4.2 and 332.4.2, Heat Treatment for Flared Laps .............................
Para . 323.1.2, Unlisted Materials ..................................
11-12
Para . 323.3.2 and Table 323.3.1, Impact Tcsting and Acceptance Criteri
...............
.......................
11-09
Para . 328.2, Welding Qualification .....
.......................
11-06
Para . 331.1.3, Heat Treatment - Gover
Para . 341.3.4, Progrcssive Examination ...............................................
11-04
11-02
Para . 341.3.4(a), Progressive Examination .............................................
11-01
Para . 341.4, Extent of Requircd Examination .........................................
11-11
Paras . 341.4.1, 344.2.2 and 344.7.1, Records of Examinations ............................
Normally Required and Acceptance
Para . 341.4.1 and Table 341.3.2A, Examinat
........................................
11-14
Cri teria ............................
........................................
11-15
Para . 341.4.1, Examination Normally Requ
11-07
Para . 345.5, Pncumatic Leak Testing .................................................
Para . 345.5.2, Pncumatic Lcak Testing - Pressure Relief Device ........................
11-19
Para . A305. Fluid Scrvicc Requiremcnts for Nonmetallic Piping
Components - Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
............ 11-17
remcnts for Nonmetallic Materials Specific Rcquircnie
...................................
11-18
Para . K304.1.2, Eqs. (
Undcr Internal Pre
..................................................
11-21
IC Threaded Componcnts ......................
11-16
Tablc 341.3.2a, Weid Reinforcemcnt .................................................
11-08
. . . . . . . . . . 11-13
Tablc A.1. Basic Allowable Strcsscs in Tcnsion For Mctals ..........

B31-92-020
B31-92-021
B31-92-005
B31-92-050
B31-92-030
B 1-92-03
3 1
B3 1-92-060
B31-92-029
B3 1-91-051
B31-92-018

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

File No .
B31-92-002
B31-92-014
B31-91-052
B31-92-059
B 1-92-0
3 1 6
B31-92-013
B31-92-004
B31-91-053
B31-91-050
B31-91-034
B31-92-015

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ASME B 3 1 - 3 A 93

O759670 0534837 224

831.3 Interpretations No. 11

11-01, 11-02, 11-03

Interpretation: 11-01

Subject:

ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, Para. 341.4, Extent of Required Examination

Date Issued:

May 22, 1992

File:

B31-91-034

Question (1): In accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, para. 341.4, when applied
to the radiography of welds, what areas, in addition to the weld, are to be included in the area of
interest for interpretation and evaluation?
Reply (1): The Code does not specifically define area of interest.
Question (2): Does the term weld include the base metal heat affected zone adjacent to the
weld deposit when applied to radiography?
Reply (2): No. See the definition for weld in para. 300.2.

Interpretation: 11-02

Subject:

ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, Para. 341.3.4(a), Progressive Examination

Date Issued:

May 22, 1992

File:

B3 1-91-050

Question: In accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, para. 341.3.4(a), how far back
in time should one go searching for additional joints to examine to meet the requirements of
progressive examination?
Reply: Time is not a factor. Only piping in the lot under examination shall be considered for
progressive examination. See paras. 341.3.4 and 344.1.3.

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Paras. 306.4.2 and 332.4.2, Heat Treatment for Flared
Laps

Date Issued:

May 22, 1992

File:

B31-91-052

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, paras. 306.4.2 and 332.4.2, does a
flared lap on a P-No. 1material made at ambient temperatures and exhibiting a calculated maximum
fiber elongation greater than 50% of the specified basic minimum for thegrade of steel used, require
heat treatment under para. 332.4.2(a)?
Reply: Yes, except as excluded by para. 332.4.2(a).

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--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Interpretation: 11-03

ASME B3l1-3A 9 3

0757670 0539838 LbO

m
831.3 Interpretations No. 11

11-04

Interpretation: 11-04

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination

Date Issued:

May 22, 1992

File:

B31-91-053

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 341.3.4, if a reject is found at
the second step [para. 341.3.4(c)] of progressive examination, is it required that every weld made
by the same welder since the beginning of the job be examined?
Reply: No. The progressive examination applies only to the particular lot of piping represented
by the original examination.

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

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ASME B 3 L = 3 A 9 3

0759670 0 5 3 4 8 3 9 U T 7

B31.3 Interpretations No. 11

11-05

Interpretation: 11-05

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 302.3.2(0, Bases for Design Stresses


Materials

Date Issued:

May 22, 1992

File:

B31-92-002

- Unlisted

Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-1990 Edition provide the basis for determining average expected yield or tensile strength of unlisted materials referred to in para. 302.3.2(f)?
Reply (1): No.
Question (2): Does ASME B31.3 allow the use of API 5LX52 above 400"F?
Reply (2): No, see Note (55) to Table A-l.
Question (3): Does this limitation still apply even if the yield (tensile) strength is defined above
this temperature?
Reply (3): Yes; however, unlisted materiais may be used above 400F if qualified per para.
323.1.2.
Question (4): Does B31.3 provide for improving longitudinal weld joint factors through the use
of ultrasonic or eddy current testing?
Reply (4): No. See Table 302.3.4.
Question (5): May ultrasonic examination be substituted for radiography to attain Code required
weld joint quality factor for welded fittings?
Reply ( 5 ) : No.
Question ( 6 ) : Does B31.3 provide for a 0.95 weld joint quality factor for the longitudinal
(including spiral) welds in pipe that is 100% ultrasonically or eddy current tested and radiographed
on each end?
Reply (6): No, except as specified for certain API 5L pipe in Item 4b of Table 302.3.4.

127

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ASME B 3 1 . 3 A

93

0759b70 0 5 3 4 8 4 0 819

B31.3 Interpretations No. 11

11-06, 11-07

Interpretation: 11-06

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 331.1.3, Heat Treatment - Governing Thickness

Date Issued:

May 22, 1992

File:

B31-92-004

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 331.1.3, is PWHT required when
the header thickness is greater than the limiting thickness shown in Table 331.1.1 but the computed
thickness through the weld is less than two times the limiting thickness shown in Table 331.1.1?
Reply: No. See Interpretation 5-06.

Interpretation: 11-07

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 345.5, Pneumatic Leak Testing

Date Issued:

May 22, 1992

File:

B31-92-005

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 345.5, is the minimum
pneumatic test pressure considered to be the design pressure?
Reply (1): No. See para. 345.5.4.
Question (2): In accordance with para. 345.5.4, is the 110% of design pressure considered to
be the minimum or maximum pneumatic test pressure?
Reply (2): The Code defines test pressure and does not specifically address minimum or
maximum pneumatic test pressure.
Question (3): In accordance with para. 345.5.2, is the set pressure of the relief device considered
to be the maximum pneumatic pressure?
Reply (3): No.

128
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ASME B31.3A

93

0757670 0534843 7 5 5

11-08, 11-09, 11-10

831.3 Interpretations No. 11

Interpretation: 11-08

Subject:

B31.3-1990 Edition, Table 341.3.2A, Weld Reinforcement

Date Issued:

November 25. 1992

File:

B31-91-051

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Table 341.3.2A, what is the minimum height of external weld reinforcement allowed by the Code?
Reply (i):Zero.
Question (2): Is a weld exhibiting concavity on the outside surface acceptable?
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply (2): The Code does not address external weld concavity, but the total weld thickness
must be equal to or greater than T,, as defined in Note (6) to Table 341.3.2A.

Interpretation: 11-09

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 328.2, Welding Qualification

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-013

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 328.2, may a contractor use a
welding procedure specification written by others provided that he produces a supporting procedure
qualification made by his own organization?
Reply: Yes, see para. 328.2.2

interpretation: l i - 1 0

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 304.3.3 and Appendix H, Reinforcement of


Welded Branch Connections

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-014

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 304.3;3, may the groove weld
attaching an integrally reinforced branch connection fitting to the run pipe be less than fully penetrated, if the depth of the groove is greater than required for adequate branch reinforcement?
Reply: No. See para. 328.5.4(d).

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ASME B31.3A 9 3

0759b70 0534842 691

B31.3 Interpretations

11-11, 11-12, 11-13

No. 11

Interpretation: 11-11

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Paras. 341.4.1, 344.2.2, and 344.7.1, Records of Examinations

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-015

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, paras. 341.4.1, 344.2.2, and 344.7.1,
are records for individual in-process examinations required only when used as a substitute for
radiographic/ultrasonic examinations in accordance with para. 341.4.1(b)?
Reply: In-process examinations, when used in accordance with para. 341.4.1(b) as a substitute
for radiographic/ultrasonic examinations, must be documented in accordance with para. 344.2.2.
When in-process examination in accordance with para. 344.7, as opposed to visual examination
under para. 341.4.1(a), is specified by the engineering design as the type of examination for any
other purpose, documentation is also required. Documentation is not required for visual examinations performed in accordance with para. 341.4.1(a).

Interpretation: 11-12
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 323.3.2 and Table 323.3.1, Impact Testing and
Acceptance Criteria

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-016

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, when impact testing the weld and
HAZ to the requirements of Table 323.2.2, can the base material be represented by any base material
within the same P-Number group?
Reply: Yes, provided the requirements for filler metal and flux are in accordance with Table
323.3.1, BOXA-4.

Interpretation: 11-13

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Table A-1, Basic Allowable Stresses in Tension for
Metals

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-018

Question: According to ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, what rules are used to develop allowable
stresses for ASTM A 351 CN7M for usage over 100"F?
Reply: The requirements of paras. 323.2.1 and 323.2.4 apply.

130

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ASME B31.3A

93

0759670 0 5 3 4 8 4 3 528 W

B31.3 Interpretations No. 11

11-14, 11-15, 11-16

Interpretation: 11-14

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990Edition, Para. 341.4.1 and Table 341.3.2A,Examination Normally Required and Acceptance Criteria

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B3 1-92-020

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990Edition, para. 341.4.1,if a weld for severe
cyclic service has been accepted under visual examination and later shows surface porosity under a
subsequent liquid penetrant examination, is the weld acceptable in accordance with Table 341.3.2A?
Reply: Yes.

Interpretation: 11-15

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990Edition, Para. 341.4.1,Examination Normally Required

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-021

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990Edition, para. 341.4.1,for a normal fluid


service, does para. 341.4.1(b)(l) permit the in-process examination option for the 5% random examination requirement?
Reply: Yes, if specified in the engineering design.

Interpretation: 11-16

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990Edition, Table 314.2.1,Minimum Thickness of Male Threaded


Components

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-029

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990Edition, Table 314.2.1,does the Fluid Service
Limitation (the first column of the Table) shown as None mean All fluid services?

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply: Yes.

-131

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ASME B31-3A 93

0759670 0534844 464

11-17, 11-18

m
831.3 Interpretations No. 11

Interpretation: 11-17

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. A305, Fluid Service Requirements for Nonmetallic Piping Components - Pipe

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-030
Question: Does ASME B31-3-1990 Edition, para. A305, allow the use of thermoplastics and

RTR piping in flammable fluid service?


Reply: Yes, subject to the fluid service limitations of the pressure containing material. See para.
A323.4.2.

Interpretation: 11-18

Subject:

ASME B31,3-1990 Edition, Para. A323.4.2(c), Fluid Service Requirement for Nonmetallic Materials - Specific Requirements

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-031

Question: Does ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. A323.4.2(c), allow the use of reinforced thermosetting resin piping in flammable fluid service?
Reply: Yes.

132
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A S I E B3l1-3A 9 3

m 0759670 0534845

3T0

831.3 Interpretations No. 11

11-19,11-20,11-21

interpretation: 11-19

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 345.5.2, Pneumatic Leak Testing - Pressure Relief Device

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-050

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 345.5.2, is it permissible for
the engineering design to specify a higher pneumatic test pressure for a piping system than is
required by para. 345.5.4?
Reply (1):Yes.
Question (2): Is the engineering design specification of a higher test pressure subject to the
limitations of para. 345.5.2?
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply (2): Yes.


Question (3): May a pressure regulator be employed as a substitute for the pressure relief
device required by para. 345.5.2?
Reply (3): No.

interpretation: 11-20

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 323.1.2, Unlisted Materiais

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-059

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, may micro-alloyed carbon steel bars
not listed in Appendix A-1 be used for piping components in B31.3 piping systems?
Reply: Yes. See the requirements of para. 323.1.2.

Interpretation: 11-21

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. K304.1.2, Eqs. (34a), (34b), (35a), and (35b),
Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure

Date Issued:

November 25, 1992

File:

B31-92-060

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, is the 1.155 factor used in the formulas
in para. K304.1.2 technically correct?
Reply: Yes, see para. K304.1.2 footnote (4) and K302.3.2(b)(l).
133

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ASME B 3 1 - 3 A 9 3

0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0534846 237

CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 831.3-1990 Edition. References in brackets are to
previous Editions and Addenda.)

Interpretation

Interpretation
Code Reference

No.
-

No.
-

Code Reference

Introduction
........................
.l-3, 1-6, 1-7
7-1O, 8-1 7
300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300(b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
-09, 10-1 1
3 0 0 ( ~ ). . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2, 3-4, 4-10, 6-03R (Vol. 71, 7-05, 8-30
. l-3, 1-6, 1-7
300W [300(e)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300.1
7-1O, 8-1 7, 9-06
300.1.1 . . . . . . . . .l-47, 1-52, 2-26, 3-1, 4-19, 6-01, 8-01, 9-02
Fig. 300.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-8, 1-19, 2-26, 7-10, 8-17
300.1.3 [300.1.4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-8, 1-16, 1-19, 1-26, 3-2
.lo-O5
300.1.3(d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
300.2
Category D Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-13, 5-03, 6-01
Category M Fluid Service . . . . . .l-40, 1-73, 6-01, 8-09, 9-02
notch-sensitive
owner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
piping components

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-3 7
-37, 1-55, 1-75, 2-27
. . . . . . . . 1-70

304.3.4 .......................
Fig. 304.3.4 . . . . . . . . .
304.5.1

..................
..............................

9-10
304.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-51, 3-2, 4-05, 5-05, 5-11, 6-09, 10-07,
10-11 10-18
304.7.4 . . . . . . . . .
305.2 . . . . . . . . . . .

306.4.2

.........................
...................................

5-12

.........

severe cyclic conditions

301.3

..............................................

.................................

5-11

2-3

4-11
301.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-07
301.5.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
301.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
302 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32
302.2
1-50
1-3, 1-32, 2-14, 3-4,
302.2.4 [302.2.3] .....................
4-1 1, 7-01, 7-04, 8-04
302.3.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-18, 1-38, 2-16, 3-13, 8-25, 11-05
2-20
302.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 302.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-42, 1-78, 2-20, 3-11
302.3.5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-20, 1-50, 2-14, 2-15, 2-24, 3-4,
4-10, 4-12, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 6-07, 7-04,
7-05, 8-16
.l-50, 2-15, 2-16, 2-1 7
302.3.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-20
302.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-05
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..l-42, 1-54, 1-70
1-42, 1-57, 1-68, 1-70, 2-1 1, 10-20
..................... 1-22, 5-11
.1-22
Fig. 304.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-21, 1-46, 5-01, 6-09
304.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
304.3.2 . .
4-05
.4-03, 7-02, 8-06, 8-37, 11-10
304.3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

315.3,. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
317.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-17
318 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . ..8-13

.........................
319.3.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2-17

1-6, 1-7, 1-55, 2-24, 5-15

319.4.4 . . . . . . .

............
321.1.4 . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-49
322.6.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . .8-19

323.1.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.......................

3-9

323.2.1 ........................
Table 323.2.2

. . . . . 1-12, 1-48, 1-65, 1-76,


2-19, 3-8, 4-01, 4-15
323.2.4

................................

323.3.2

........

Cumulative Index - 831.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 1

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

2-22

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..11-12
ia)

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

..........................

ASME B 3 L m 3 A

Interpretation

Interpretation
N O.
-

Code Reference
Table 323.3.1
[Table 323.2.21
323.3.4

. . . . . . . . .1-12,

1.76, 4.17,

5.19. 5.21. 8.29.


10.2. 11-12

.....................

................................

328

2-9

...

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig.

330

...........

...................

.......................................

8-23

331.1.1 ...................................... 8.08. 9-05


Table 331.1.1
[Table 331.3.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.69. 2.2. 5.06. 8.24. 9-03
...
. . . . . . . . . . 8.05
331.1.2 . . . . .
1.39. 1.59. 4.06. 5.06. 9.03. 11-06
331.1.4 [331.1.2]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
331.1.6 [331.3.4] ...................................
5.08
..................... .1.78. 8-22
.1.39. 1-78

.....................
........................
......................
...........................

. . . . . . . . . . ..1.23. 1.53. 4.02.


332.4 [329.3, 330.21 .................................
332.4.2 ................................
..................
.............................
.1.10.
1336.31 ...............................

340.3
340.4 [336.2]

................................
.........................
[336.1.1, 336.1.31 . . . . . . ..1.10. 1.26. 1.27.

................

.............

..........

b)

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.1.2,
345.2.6 [337.1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.3 [337.3] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2.6, 3.10,
345.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.4.2 [337.4.1] . . . . . . . . . .1.35, 1.61, 1.63, 2.23, 4.04,
345.4.3 [337.4.2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.5 [337.4.4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.35, 1.43, 6.08,
345.5.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
345.7 [337.5.2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5-22
5-02
8-04
9-09
1.63
11-07
11-19
1.36

.10.06, 11-18
A323.4.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-09
A327.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A328.2(a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. 1 0.8

8-05
8-03
8-20
2.2

. . . . . . . . . 2.13

1.26
10-03

341.2
2.28. 10-03
.1.64. 2-4
341.3.1 [336.5] ...............................
341.3.2
..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-32
.
.....
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-09
Fig. 341.
Table 341.3.2A
[Table 327.4.1Al . . . . . . . . . . 1.1. 1.9. 1.14. 1.41. 2.8. 5.04.
5.13. 5.16. 5.17. 5.18. 5.20. 6.04.
7.06. 8.32. 8.38. 9.04. 11.08. 11-14
.5.18. 6-04
Table 341.3.28 [Table 327.4.1BI
341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.41 . .
1.62. 2.25. 2.32. 3.5. 3.14.
10.09. 10-12. 11.02. 11-04
341.4 [336.5] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.24. 1.45. 3.12. 5.20. 11-01
341.4.1 [336.5.1].
1.10. 1.26. 1.27. 1.60. 2.12.
2.28. 3.7. 3.12. 4.12. 5.10.
8.02. 8.10. 8.26. 10.03. 10.17.
11.11. 11.14. 11-15
341.4.2 ................................
341.5

341.5.1 [336.6.1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.5, 3-12
342.1 [336.4.1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.28
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-28
.
343 [336.4.1] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
344 [336.4] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-09
344.2 [336.4.2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..2-28, 8-10, 8-26, 11-1 1
1-10, 1.60, 2-12

.............

..........

328.5 [327.4]

No.

Code Reference

. . . . . .1.24,
M345.1

...........................................

.........................

1-45
6-08

. .9.02
. .9.02

8-35

2.20
(No equivalent) [(i 4)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Note (17) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.18
Note (20) [(30)] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-77
Note (57) [(2)1
1-58
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table 11 . . . . . . . . . . 1.13, 1.18, 1.29, 1.38, 1.48,
1.77, 2.1, 3.8, 3.9, 3.13, 4.12,
4-1 3, 6.01, 6.06, 7.03, 8-1 1,
8.18, 8.25, 8.34, 8.36, 11-13
Table A-1 B [Table 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l -78, 2.20, 4-1 8, 7-03
1.6, 1.7, 1.34, 1.46, 1.55,
Appendix 0 ....................
1.56, 1.71, 2.7, 2.24, 4.16,
5.01. 5.15. 6-06
Appendix E [Appendix KI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.44. 5-10
Cumulative index

.
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 1

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

ASME 8 3 1 - 3 A 93 H 0759670 0534848 O O T

Interpretation
Code Reference

No.

Appendix F [F323.2] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-29
Appendix C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Appendix H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8.06, 11-1O
. l-28, 1.54, 1.75. 5-04
Appendix J . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6.01. 8-09
Case 137 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1
Case 141 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-51

Cumulative index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 1

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

ASME B 3 1 - 3 A 73

0757670 0534847 T4b

SUBJECT INDEX
Interpretation

Interpretation

No .
-

Subject

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests ....................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
weld ......................
1.1, 1.9. 1-14. 1.41. 2.8. 5.09.
5.13. 5.17. 5-18. 5.20. 6.04. 7.06. 8-32
Allowable Stresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-12
.l-18, 3-13, 8.11. 8.25. 10-13
bases for ....................
for ASTM A 312 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-29
for ASTM A 351 ...................................
11-13
8-25
for ASTM A 387 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-38
for ASTM A 570 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for ASTM A 587 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-13
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-48
for ASTM A 671 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for ASTM B 464 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-11
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.13
for austenitic stainless steels . . . . . . . .
Alternative Tests
for Category 0 fluid service . . . . . . .
requirements ....................
sensitive leak test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Authorized Inspector
Bending

......

.............

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-36
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-15

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-25

. see Owner's Inspector

Brazed Joints
for flammable service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buckles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cast Irons
specific requirements

Bonding Qualification Test


hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...............
minimum burst pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-09
procedure specifications for plastic piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
solvent cement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-14
8-14
0-08
8-14

Bonds
heat fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
hot gas welded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
test assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8.14
8-14
7-09

..................................

Branch Connections
extruded outlets .........................
.1.37, 2.27.
flexibility analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4.05,
integrally reinforced fitting .....................
projection into run pipe ........................
.8.28,
.8.06,
reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
weld requirements . . . . . . . .2.10, 4.03, 4.14, 7.02, 7.08,

1.23. 1-53

..............................

. 1 0.01

Category D Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for ..........................
. l-36
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4.13, 5-03
radiographic examination ............................. 8.38
Category M Fluid Service
clarification of term ...........................
. l-73, 9-02
double contained piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-35
6-08
leak test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
liquid oxygen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-09
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-35, 9-02
2-13
tubing size limitations ................................
. l-40
"very small quantity" ...............................

4.15

6-09
9.01
11-1O
9-03
8-37
10-04

Code Coverage
631.3 versus 631.4 . . . . . . . . .
general hydrocarbon service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-01
in-line sensing devices
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-01
. . . . . . . . 5-22
new and replacement
offshore platform . . .
oil heating system . . .
synfuel plant piping .
tobacco plant piping . . .
Components (see also fittings. flanges. standard components.
and valves)
certification ..............................
. l-26, 3.7. 5-10
design conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3
fabricated or flared laps ............................. 11-03
flexibility characteristic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-55, 1-56. 2-24. 5-01
in-line sensing devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-01
referenced standards ..........................
. l-44, 5-10
Compressors
internal piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.8

Corrugated Bends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-23

....................................

5-12

Cyclic loading

B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 1


Cumulative Index .

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

1-17

. . . . . . . . . . .4.02. 8-03

Bends
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-23
corrugated ......................
miter ..........................
. . . . . . see Miter Bends
reduction of outside diameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-20

Bolting Materials

No.

Subiect

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

0759670 0534850 768

Interpretation

Interpretation

No.
-

Design (see also Pressure


Design)
conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3
Lame theory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.57
minium temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10.02

..........................

.2-14, 2-24

Earthquake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

see Seismic

Displacement Stress

Empty System
transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Examination
extent of . . . . .

. . .1.24.

9-06

5.18. 11-01

liquid pentrant . . . .
see Liquid Pentrant Examination
.see Progressive Examination
progressive ....................

2.32. 4.12. 11-15


11-11

....................................

severe cyclic conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


.1 0.1 7. 11-14
spot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-62
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see visual examination
. . . . . . . . . . . .see ultrasonic examination

Exclusions
for compressors and internal piping ....................
for interconnecting piping ............................
listed in scope .....................................
Expansion Joints

..................................

. l-8
i -1 9
. i 0.5

. l-1 6

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l -2 1. 1-70
tees considered as ..................................
1.55
Extruded Welded Tee

..............................

Fillet Weld
internal. slip-on flange ...............................
pressure containing ..................................
size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
use ...............................................
Fittings
B16.9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5.01

8.27
8.13
1-74
10-4

. l - 7 , 5-01

conforming to two grades ............................


8.18
flared, flareless. or
compression types ................................. 3.6
MSS SP-75 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11

Flammable Service

................................

No.
-

Subject

. l-1 7

Flanges
assembly ........................ (. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.5
design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.67, 3.4, 9-7
general . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-10
long welding neck .................................. 4.05
slip-on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.12. 8-27

use of aluminum ....................................


use of raised and flat face metallic .....................

1-51
9-07

Flexibility Analysis
branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
exemptions from ...................................

9.01
. l-33

Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
diameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-56
for a tee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.55, 1.56. 5-01
for components not listed
in Appendix 0 .............................. 1.55. 2-24
Flexibility Factors
basis for .........................................
. l-56
for 616.9 tees ......................................
-1-7
for fabricated intersections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $1.6. 4-1 6. 5-1 5
for welded elbows ..................................
. 1-6
Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6.01
requirements, metallic .............................
. l 1.16
requirements, nonmetallic .....................
1 1-1 7. 1 1-1 8
responsibility for
.4.08. 8-09
categorizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-58

Hardness
limitations on .......................................
records ...........................................

8-22

Heat Treatment
cooling rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-69
for austenitic stainless steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.65
for bending and forming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
for flared laps ....................................
.l l-O3

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.12

governing thickness . . . . . . . . . . . .1.39, 1.59, 4.06. 5.06. 1 1-06


heating rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.69
local . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5.08, 8-05
monitoring ...................................
.5.08. 8-05
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.08. 8.21. 8.23. 8.24. 9.03. 9-05
SP-1 through SP-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8.24
when radiography is
required ....................................
.1.64. 2-4

Hydrostatic Tests

.........................

Impact Tests
absorbed energy data ................................. 2.9
alternative methods .................................
8.30
......................... 4.01, 11-12
base metal
exclusions
......................... .1.76, 5.14, 8-30
heat treatment required .............................. 5.19
in qualifying procedures ..............................
8.29
of aluminum filler metals . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2.19
of austenitic stainless steel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-65
of bolting materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.15
of the heat affected zone .......................
.1.76, 5-21
Cumulative Index

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.see Leak Tests

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

.
63 1.3 Interpretations Vols. 1.
11

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

ASME B 3 L - 3 A 93

ASME B31.3A 9 3

0759b70 0534851 bT4 W

Interpretation

Interpretation
Subject

No.

of weldments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.l-12, 1-65, 1-76, 5-21
temperature limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-14, 8-30

Imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)


concave root surface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1-1, 6-04
determination of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-32
lack of fusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-O9
porosity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l - 9 , 5-13, 5-16, 5-20
slag inclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-20
tungsten inclusions .............................
.1-9, 5-1 7
undercutting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l -1 4, 2-8, 6-04
Installed Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Piping, Equipment ....................

. l-30

. /'-07,

No.

Subject

8-01

..................................

lethal Substance

.1-73

limitations
on imperfections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see Imperfections
on hardness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2
on tubing size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2-13, 3-6
Liquid Penetrant Examination
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 1-1 4

low Temperature
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Materials
API 5 L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . .1-8

see Impact Tests

1-78, 2-4, 3-9, 3-11,


6-01, 6-06

ASTM A 234

Joints
circumferential bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-11
exposed during test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.2-6, 3-10
instrument tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.7-O7
special . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-13
threaded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11-16
lateral Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. l-6

leak Tests
acceptance criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-2
alternative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.4-09, 5-07, 6-08, 8-1 5
as nondestructive examination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-31
1-36
for Category D fluid service
for system designed for
o psi
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
isolation
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
leakage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l -4
minimum hydrostatic test
.2-23, 4-04
pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . .. l - 2
minor repairs and additions
of discharge piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l-72
of newly constructed
systems
1-4, 5-02, 5-22, 8-15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-63
of piping a
of piping connecting
equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
of replacement piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
,522
. . . .2-6, 3-10, 5-23
painting before test
personnel qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-31
pneumatic test
. . . . . . .11-07, 11-19
preparation for
2-6, 3-10, 5-02, 5-23
reduced pressure
(hydrostatic test) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-61, 2-23
sensitive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . .l-25
temperature correction for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-35, 1-43

ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM
ASTM

A
A
A
A
A

487
537
570
587
633

..............

...............................
...........
.....
.....

. . . . . . . . . 3-8
ASTM A 671
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-48
ASTM B 241 . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-19
ASTM 8 337 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASTM 8 464 . . .
austenitic stainless steels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
bases for design stresses . . . . . . . . . . .
certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
notch sensitive

..

unlisted material

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-22

....................

Miter Bends
pressure design of

.............................

. l-22, 5-1 1

Near Straight Sawtooth


Runs
explanation of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1-33

Nomenclature

d ................................................

1-54
1-28
1-75
5-04, 5-16

................................................
t,
- ................................................
T

T,

..........................................

Nonmetallic Piping
fluid service requirements ....................
. l 1-1 7, 1 1-1 8
in Category M Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.8-35
joint requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.7-09, 8-14
Notch Sensitive
materials ....................

Cumulative Index - 631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-1 1

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

. . . . . . . . .8-25

ASTM A 387 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

.2-22

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Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234,
ASTM A 31 2, ASTM A 403 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-20
for branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.&O6
for circumferential welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . l-42
for longitudinal and spiral
1-78, 3-1 1, 8-06
welds . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A S I E B31-3A 9 3

0759670 0534852 5 3 0
Interpretation

Interpretation

No.
-

Progressive Examination

. . . . . . . .1.3.

Owner
responsibilities ...........................

Published Specification

1.3 1
1.26

Pipe
elbowless ......................................... 8-03
in corroded condition ...............................
2.15
made from plate ..............................
. l-48, 8-36
of noncircular cross section ............................
3.2
pressure testing .....................................
9.09
spiral welded ......................................
7.03
straight, under internal pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..10.20, 1 1-2 1
Pipe Supports
configurations ......................................
longitudinal stress effects .............................
use of plastic .......................................

6-07
7-05
1.49

Plastic
lined pipe .
use of screwed flanges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8.33
pipe supports ......................................
1-49

..........................

Positions
qualification of welding

spot radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
when PWHT is required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Records
certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.1 O. 8.02. 10-03
of examinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1-1 1
of hardness tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8.22
for radiographic examination .......................... 1-10
retention of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.10
Reinforcement. Branch
attachment weld ..............................
clarification of terms ..........................
limits of .....................................

2-18

Responsibility
designer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rights of owner's inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10-11
. l 0.03

see Heat Treatment

Pressure Rating
valve .............................................
variations ..........................................

8-04
4.11

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices ............................
.2.21. 2-29
.l l -07, 1 1-1 9
and test pressure ...........................
setting ......................................
.1.32. 7-01
stop valves ......................................
.1 0.1 O
Pressure Surges
loads dueto .......................................

1-50

Pressure-Temperature Rating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..5.05. 8-34

..............................

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

.4.03. 7-08
.1.37. 1 1-1 0
.2.27. 9-04

..........................................

Safeguarding

(h)

2-25
. l-62, 3-12
.1.64. 2-4

. l -66

Pressure Design
for elevated temperatures .............................
3.4
in the high pressure range ...........................
. l-68
of extruded headers ...........................
.1.21, 1-70
of flanges and blanks ...............................
10-14
of miter bends ....................................
. l -2 1
of pipe ............................
1.42, 1.54, 1.57. 1.68.
1.70. 2.11. 11-21
of valves ..........................................
8.04

Pressure Test

1.15

Radiographic Examination
100% . . . . .
as supplemen
random radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.27. 1.45. 1.62. 2-1 2.
2.32. 3-12
records ...........................................
1.1 0
..6.04. 11.01. 11-05

Repairs
to welds

. . . . . . . . . . . . . .see Heat Treatment

Preheat ..............................

.............................

.see Leak Tests

.............................

Postweld Heat Treatment

1.62. 3.5. 10.09.


10.10. 10-12
11.02. 1 1-04

. l-26, 2.30. 5-22

Owner's Inspector
qualifications of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
responsibilities of ...................................

Pneumatic Tests

. . . . . . . . . . . . .1.5.

2- 14. 4-1 1
.l-50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17

.see Leak Test

Scope

......................................

...............................

5.12

.see Code Coverage

Seismic loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
stresses due to . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4-07
2.17

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading ......................................
large rapid temperature change ........................
spiral welded pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5-12
8-09
7-03

Simplified Flexibility Analysis .......................

. l-33

Standard Components
manufacturers markings .........................
.3.7. 8-02
valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.5-05. 8.04. 8-07
Standards
compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
...5.1 0
superseded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.44

<

Stresses (see also


Allowable Stresses)
displacement stress range .............................
due to cold spring ..................................
due to occasional loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7.04
8.16
2.16

Cumulative Index .
63 1.3 Interpretations Vols. 1.
11

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Occasional Variations
(pressure/temperature allowances)
loads .............................

No.

Subiect

0759670 0534853 473

Interpretation

Interpretation

No.
due to pressure surges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
due to seismic loads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
due to thermal gradients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
longitudinal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.20, 1.50, 2-1 5, 2.24,
4.12, 6-03R (Vol. 71, 6.07. 7.05,

1.50
2.17
3.4
4-1 O,
8-16

Temperature
design minimum temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.i
0-02
large changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-09
.4-13, 5-14
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
reduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11
Thermoplastic piping
solvent cemented joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-8
specific requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-06
Tubing
joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-07
.2-13. 3-6
limitations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thickness Allowances
in stress calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ultrasonic Examination
in place of radiography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

No.
-

Subject

Stress Intensification Factors


application of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.34. 2.24. 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-56
branch connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.7
for 816.9 tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7
. l-6, 5-1 5
for fabricated intersections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
for tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.1.46, 1.55, 1.71, 5-01
for welded elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. l -6

Unlisted
components

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6.

1.51. 3.6. 4.05. 5.05. 8.7.


10.18. 10.11. 10-07
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see Materials

Valves
Category M Fluid Service .............................
materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
pressure build up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8-35
8.07
8.04
5-05

Visual Examination
internal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1 O, 8-26
requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-28, 10-03
Washers. Use of

....................................

Weld
examination of welds
fillet size . . . . . . . . .

reinforcement

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..1 0-15,

.....................

2-5

11-01, 1 1-14

. . . . . . .7-08.

11-08

1.20

11-05
.l
0-17

Welding Procedure
qualification of . 1-12. 1.65. 1.66. 1.76. 4-1 7. 8.23. 8.29. 11-09
.8.21. 8-22
specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-1 1


Cumulative Index .

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ASME B31.3A 93

ASME B31.3
INTERPRETATIONS NO. 10
Replies to Technical Inquiries
April 1, 1991, Through March 31, 1992

General Information
It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the B31 Committee concerning B31.3
as part of the update service to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the
interpretation, or if none is stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of
the interpretation. Subsequent revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These
interpretations are not part of the Code or its Addenda.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the
interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply
bearing the original interpretation number with the suffi R is presented.
ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
information is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpretation. Further, persons
aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME committee or subcommittee. As
stated in the Statement of Policy in the Code documents, ASh4E does not approve, certify,
rate, or endorse any item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.
For detailed instructions on preparaion of technical inquiries to the B31 Committee, refer to
Appendix Z.
Code Reference and Subject Indexes
Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assist the user in locating
interpretations by location or by subject matter in the Code. They cover interpretations issued from
Volume 1 up to and including the present volume, and will be updated with each volume.
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107

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ASME 831.3

90 W D757b70 0525273 287

B31.3
Subject
Para. 300.1.3(d), Exclusions
Para 301.3.1 and Table 323.2.2, Minimum Temperature Design .........................
Para. 304.1.2, Straight Pipe Under Internal Pressure
Para. 304.5, Pressure Design of Flanges and Blanks ....................................
Para 304.7.2, Unlisted Components; and Para . 300@)(2).
Designer Responsibility ..........................................................
Para 304.7.2(c), Unlisted Components and Elements ..................................
Para. 304.7.2(c), Unlisted Components and Elements ..................................
Paras. 311.2.5(a) and (b). Fillet Welds; and Para. 328.5.4(d),
Welded Branch Connections
Para . 322.6.1(b), Stop Valve in Piping for Pressure Relieving Safety Datices
Para. 323.4.2@)( 1). Specific Requirements for Other Cast Irons
Para 327.4.2, Fillet and Socket Welds
Para. 340.3, Rights of the Owners Inspection; Para. 341.2(c), Responsibility for
Examination; Para. 341.4.l(a)(l), Visual Examination;
and Para. 341.4.1(c), Certification and Records .....................................
Para. 341. Examination.............................................................
Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination ...............................................
Paras 341.3.4(a) and (e). Progressive Examination .....................................
Para. 341.4.l(b)(l), Other Examinations; Para . 341.4.3(b), Examination Severe
Cyclic Conditions; and Para . 344.6.2, Ultrasonic Examination..........................
Para. 345.9.1, Examination of Welds .................................................
Para A323.4.2(a)(l), Specific Requirements for Thermoplastics .........................
Para. A328.2(a), Bonding Qualification Tests; and Para. A328.5.3(b), Solvent
Cemented Joints in ThermoplasticPiping ...........................................
Table A.1. Basic Allowable Stresses in Tension for Metals ..............................

..........................................................
...................................

.
.

......................................................
..............
.........................
................................................

Interpretation
10-05
10-02
10-20
10-14

File No.
B31-91-004
B31-90452
B31-91-042
B31-91-024

10-11
10-07
10-18

B31-91416
B31-91-007
B31-91-038

10-04
10-10
10-01
10-19

B31-90457
B31-91-013
B31-90-051
B31-91-039

10-03
10-16
10-12
10-09

B31-90-056
B31-091-028
B31-91-019
B31-91412

10-17
10-15
10-06

B31-91-033
B31-91-027
B31-91-006

10-08
10-13

B31-91-008
B31-91-021

109

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831.3 Interpretations No. 10

10-01.10-02

Interpretation: 10-01
Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 323.4.2(b)(l)

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-90-051

Question (1): In accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 323.4.2(b)(l), may
cast iron piping components be used in a refrigeration system, using a hydrocarbon refrigerant with
a design pressure of 300 psig.

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Reply (1): No, if the owner classifies a refrigeration system using a hydrocarbon refrigerant as
a process unit. Otherwise, yes, if the system is located outside process unit limits and all other
requirements of para. 323.4.2 applicable to cast iron are met.
Question (2) What is the meaning of process unit limit in para. 323.4.2(b)( i)?
Reply (2): See the definition of process unit in para. 300.2. The owner must classifi and
establish the boundaries of process units not specifically described in para. 300.2.

Interpretation: 10-02

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 301.3.1 and Table 323.2.2

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-90-052

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 301.3.1, is the design minimum temperature the lowest component temperature expected in service, which may result from
auto refrigeration?
Reply (1): Yes, unless the process design provides means to control minimum temperature.
Question (2): In accordance with Table 323.2.2, Note (2), for P-No. 1 carbon steel materials,
if the design minimum temperature is below - 20F, but not lower than -50F, and the coincident
pressure below - 20F does not exceed 25% of the design pressure, and the combined longitudinal
stresses do not exceed 6 ksi, is impact testing required?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): For P-No 1 materials, if the design minimum temperature is below -50F, is
impact testing required?
Reply (3): Yes, the Table 323.2.2, Note (2) exemption applies only for design minimum temperatures down to -50F. Also see para. 302.2.4(h).
Question (4): If impact testing is required, is the required test temperature the design minimum
temperature, even though coincident pressure may be at or near atmospheric pressure?
Reply (4): Yes. See Table 323.2.2 Column ByBox B-3, and Para. 323.3.4.
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ASME B31.3 90

= 0757b70

OS25283 7 3 5

831.3 Interpretations No. 10

10-03, 10-04

Interpretation: 10-03

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Interpretations 3-7 and 5-10, Paras. 340.3, 341.2(c),
341.4.1(a)( i), and 341.4.1(c)

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-90-056

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 341.4.1(c), are individual
component markings in accordance with the applicable material specification sufficient to assure
the examiner that the material is of proper specification and grade?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): In accordance with para. 340.3, may the owner?s Inspector require that all documentation produced by the original material manufacturer, including documentation beyond the
material specification requirements, be provided?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): For an owner?sinspection system, does the Code require documentation to assure
component traceability?
Reply (3): The Code does not address this subject.
Question (4): For an owner?s stocking system, are warehouse markings sufficient to assure
component traceability?
Reply (4): The Code does not address this subject.
Question (5): For components which lack full identification, because of size or other reasons,
may the shipping container be properly marked instead.
Reply (5): The Code does not address this subject, except as requirements are stated in the
referenced specification.

Interpretation: 10-04

Subject:

ASMEANSI B31.3-1987 Edition With Addenda, Paras. 311.2.5(a) and (b) and
328.5.4(d)

Date Issued

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-90-057

Question: Does ASMWANSI B31.3-1987 Edition and its Addenda permit the use of fillet welds
as the primary pressure retaining welds for installation of a full encirclement tee type branch connection?
Reply: ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition and its Addenda do not specifically address rules for
fillet welding of full encirclement tee type branch connections.
112

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ASME B 3 L - 3 4 0

0759670 0 5 2 5 2 8 2 871

10-05, 10-06

B31.3 Interpretations No. 10

Interpretation: 10-05

Subject:

ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, Para. 300.1.3(d); ASME B31.3-1990 Edition

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-004

Question (1): In accordance with ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, para. 300.1.3(d), is piping
which is contained in a pressure vessel exempt from the Code?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): In accordance with para. 300.1.3(d), if a pressure vessel, heat exchanger, pump,
or other piece of equipment is supplied with external piping, are the piping components exempt
from the Code?
Reply (2): No.
Question (3): Does ASME B31.3-1990 Edition provide a means for qualifying the use of ASTM
A 240 TP 304 material to -457F if material is thinner than 0.099 in.?
Reply (3): No.

Interpretation: 10-06

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. A323.4.2(a)(l), Specific Requirements for Thermoplastics

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-006

Question (1): Does ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. A323.4.2(a)(l) prohibit the use of thermoplastic expansion joints, such as PTFE, in above ground flammable fluid service.
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does the Code permit the use of thermoplastic expansion joints, such as PTFE,
in above ground flammable fluid service if safeguarded?
Reply (2): No.

a
113
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Interpretation: 10-07

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 304.7.2(c), Unlisted Components and Elements

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-007

Question (1): Paragraph 304.7.2(c) of ASME B31.3-1990 Edition requires that the proof test
be subject to the approval of the Inspector. Is it permissible for a professional engineer or others
without the official title of inspector, but experienced in the design, fabrication, or inspection of
B31.3 piping, to approve the proof test?
Reply (1): Yes, provided that the individual has been designated by the owner and is qualified
to perform that function in accordance with para. 340 of B31.3.
Question (2): For components qualified in accordance with para. 304.7.2(c), must the inspector
designated by the owner to approve the test also have been a witness to the proof test?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 10-08

Subject:

ASh4E B31.3-1990 Edition; Para. A328.2(a), Bonding Qualification Tests; and Para.
A328.5.3(b), Solvent Cemented Joints in Thermoplastics Piping

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-008

Question (1): In conforming to the qualification tests per ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para.
A328.2.5(a), is a bell-end-to-plain-end connection considered a pipe-to-pipe joint for plastic piping?
Reply (1): Yes, if the joint connects two straight pipe sections of the test assembly.
Question (2): If a bonding procedure specification for plastic piping specifically states that it
is limited to pipe-to-fitting joints only, are both a pipe-to-pipe joint and a pipe-to-fitting joint mandatory for conformance with the qualification tests per para. A328.2.5(a)?
Reply (2): Yes.
Question (3): Can the lack of a small fillet as specified in para. A328.5.3@) be considered an
unfilled area per Table A341.3.2?
Reply (3): Yes. Also see ASME B31.3, Interpretation 8-14, Question (6). The Committee will
consider future revisions to this paragraph.

114
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ASME B31.3

90

= 07Sb70

OSt?Z8li

b44

831.3 Interpretations No. 10

10-09.10-10

Interpretation: 10-09
~

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 341.3.4(a) and (e), Progressive Examination

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-012

Question (1): In complying with the requirements of ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 341.3.4,
must additional items examined be of the same size as the defective item?
Reply (1): No, unless otherwise specified by the engineering design.
Question (2): In para. 341.3.4(e), does the phrase all items represented by the progressive
examinations refer only to those items which have been examined and found to contain defects?
Reply (2): No.

Interpretation: 10-10

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 322.6.1(b), Stop Valve in Piping for Pressure
Relieving Safety Devices

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-013

Quest?on (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 322.6, are reduced area stop
valves permitted on both the inlet side and discharge side of pressure relieving devices protecting
piping?
Reply (1): Yes, provided the additional requirements of para. 322.6 are met.
Question (2): In accordance with para. 322.6, are reduced area stop valves permitted on both
the inlet side and discharge side of pressure relieving devices protecting pressure vessels in accordance with Section VIII, Division 1 of the BPV Code?
Reply (2): The requirements of ASME B31.3 apply only to B31.3 piping.

115
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ASME 831.3 90 D 0759b70 0525265 580

831.3 Interpretations No. 10

10-11. 10-12, 10-13

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition; Para. 304.7.2, Unlisted Components; and Para.


300(b)(2), Responsibility

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-016

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 304.7.2, is the designer responsible to the owner for assuring that the design of unlisted components has been substantiated?
Reply: Yes, see also para. 300(b)(2).

interpretation: 10-12

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 341.3.4, Progressive Examination

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-019

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 341.3.4, is progressive examination mandatory?
Reply (1): Yes.
Question (2): Is progressive examination per para. 341.3.4 considered as part of the Code
procedure to determine the acceptability of welds in a particular lot of piping?
Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: 70-13

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Table A-1, Basic Allowable Stresses in Tension for
Metals

Date Issued:

June 14, 1991

File:

B31-91-021

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, is it acceptable to use the published
ASTM A 240 or ASTM A 167 Type 317L allowable stresses in Table A-1 for a design based on
seamless pipe purchased to the ASTM A 312 Type 317L pipe specification?
Reply: Yes, see para. 323.1.2.

116

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Interpretation: 10-11

ASME 831.3 90 D U f S 9 b 7 0 O S 2 5 i ) B b 417

10-14,lO-15, 10-16

631.3 Interpretations No. 10

Interpretation: 10-14

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 304.5, Pressure Design of Flanges and Blanks

Date Issued:

December 2, 1991

File:

B31-91-024

Question: Shall flanges designed in accordance with ASME B31.3a-1990, para. 304.5.1(b) or
304.5.2(b) be designed using the allowable stresses from Table A-l?
Reply: Yes, except for austenitic stainless steels and nickel alloys whose allowables are based
on 90% of yield strength at temperature and are shown in italics or boldface in Table A-l. In those
cases, refer to para. 302.3.2(e) for the recommended allowable stress limits.

interpretation: 10-15

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 345.9.1, Examination of Welds

Date Issued:

December 2, 1991

File:

B31-91-027

Question (1): In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, para. 345.9.1, when 100% radiography is performed as part of an alternative leak test for Normal Fluid Service piping, are the
acceptance criteria for Normal Fluid Service used?
Reply (1):Yes.
Question (2): When 100% radiography, instead of 20% radiography, is required by the engineering design for Category M Fluid Service and the acceptance criteria are specified to be in
accordance with B31.3, are the acceptance criteria the same as for 20% radiography?
Reply (2): Yes.

Interpretation: 10-16

Subject:

ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, Para. 341, Examination

Date Issued:

December 2, 1991

File:

B31-91-028

Question: In accordance with ASME B31.3-1990 Edition, paras. 341.3.3 and 341.3.4, what
method of examination is required for a weld replaced due to defect@)observed under a visual
examination process?
Reply: The new weld requires the same examination as was required for the original weld.

117
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ASME 8 3 2 . 3 90 9 0757b70 0525287 353

=
631.3 Interpretations No. 10

10-17

Interpretation: 10-17

Subject:

ASME/ANSI B31.3-1987 Edition, Paras. 341.4.l(b)(l), 341.4.3(b), and 344.6.2

Date Issued:

December 2, 1991

File:

B31-91-033

Question (1): In accordance with A S W A N S I B31.3-1987 Edition, paras. 341.4.1@)(1) and


341.4.3(b), is it acceptable to replace radiographic examination (RT) with ultrasonic examination
(UT)?
Reply (1): Yes, but in the case of severe cyclic conditions [para. 341.4.3@)], such replacement
is permissible only if specified by the engineering design.
Question (2): In accordance with paras. 341.3.2 and 344.6.2, what are the acceptance criteria
for welds examined by ultrasonic examination?
Reply (2): The requirements are specified in para. 344.6.2.
Question (3): What is the definition of linear-type discontinuities?
Reply (3): A discontinuity which is a least three times as long as it is wide.
Question (4): For ultrasonic examination are there types of discontinuities other than lineartype discontinuities which are acceptable?
Reply (4): The Code does not address such discontinuities.
Question (5): For ultrasonic examination will any types of discontinuities be unacceptable if
they meet the requirements as stated in para. 344.6.2(a)?
Reply (5): The Code does not address types of discontinuities other than linear-type.
Question (6): Is there other information in B31.3 concerning acceptance criteria for ultrasonic
examination under para. 344.6?
Reply (6): No.

118
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ASME 831.3 90

= 0759b70

0525289 12b

CODE REFERENCE INDEX


(GENERAL NOTE: Code references are based on ASME 831.3-1990 Edition. References in brackets are to
previous Editions and Addenda.)

Interpretation
No.
-

Code Reference
-

Introduction ................................
1-3, 1-6, 1-7
........................... .7-1 O, 8-17
300 . . . . . . . . .
...... .l-26, 1-32, 4-08, 5-03, 8-09, 10-11
3 0 0 ( ~ ). . . . . . . . . . . . .3-2, 3-4, 4-10, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 7-05, 8-30
.1-3, 1-6, 1-7
300(c) [300(e)] .............................
300.1 .....................
... .7-I O, 8-17, 9-06
300.1.1 . . . . . . . ..l-47, 1-52, 2-26, 3-1, 4-19, 6-01, 8-01, 9-02
Fig. 300.1.1 .................... l-8, 1-19, 2-26, 7-1O, 8-1 7
300.1.3 [300.1.4]. ................l-8, 1-16, 1
300.1.3d) .................................
300.2
Category D Fluid Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..4-13, 5-03, 6-01
Category M Fluid Service ..... . l -40, 1-73, 6-01, 8-09, 9-02
notch-sensitive ..............................
owner ..........................................
2-30
piping components ..............
piping system ..................
. . . . . . . . . .1-30, 9-06
.............. ,542, 8-09
severe cyclic conditions.. .
.................... 5-11
301 .....................
....
....................... .2-3, 7-01
301.2.1 ....................................
..................................... 2-3

........................

...........................................
..........

4-05

. . .4-03, 7-02, 8-06, 8-37

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..8-37

. . . . . . ..8-18
304.5.1 ............................
304.5.1(b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
304.7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-51, 3-2, 4-05, 5-05, 5-1 1, 6-09, 10-07,
10-11, 10-18
304.7.4 ....
...........

305.2.1

.......

Table 314.2.1
315.3..

.........
.........................

.....................

...................

..............

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
.

........................ 8-13
. . . . . . . .9-01
. . . . . . . . . . . . .2-17
. . . . . . . .7-04, 7-05

319.2.1

........

319.4.1
319.4.4

....................................

323.1.1

..............................

..............

323.2 .........................
323.2.1 ...................................
Table 323.2.2
[Table 323.2.11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12, 1-48, 1-65, 1-76,
2-19, 3-8, 4-01, 4-15
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-06
323.2.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . l-76, 5-1 3
323.3 ............................
Table 323.3.1
[Table 323.2.21 . . . . .l-12, 1-76, 4-17, 5-19, 5-21, 8-29, 10-2

(a)

Cumulative Index - 631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1-10


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NO.
-

Fig. 304.3.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
304.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fig. 304.3.4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

318

301.3.2 ........................
301.5.3 ........................
301.7.2 ........................
302 .....................
..................... 1-32
1-50
302.2 .............................................
302.2.4 [302.2.3] .....................
1-3, 1-32, 2-14, 3-4,
4-1 1, 7-01, 7-04, 8-04
.l-18, 1-38, 2-16, 3-13, 8-25
302.3.2 ......................
2-20
302.3.4 ...........................................
.l-42, 1-78, 2-20, 3-1 1
Table 302.3.4 ......................
302.3.5 .................. 1-20, 1-50, 2-14, 2-15, 2-24, 3-4,
4-10, 4-12, 6-03R (Vol. 7), 6-07, 7-04,
7-05, 8-16
302.3.6 ...........................
.I-50, 2-15, 2-16, 2-17
1-20
302.4 .............................................
303 .............................................. 6-05
. l-42, 1-54, 1-70
304.1.1 ............
1-70, 2-1 1, 10-20
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-22, 5-11

304.3,2
304.3.3

Interpretation

Code Reference

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ASME B3L.3

Code Reference

90

0759b70 0525290 998

Interpretation
No.

........................................... 8-30
............................................ 2-9
................................... .lo-01. 10-19
................................. 5-14
..............1-11. 1.51. 2.3. 8.07. 8-34
7-02
328 ...............................................
1-66
328.2 [327.5] ......................................
328.2.1 [327.5.1, 327.5.21 .................1.76. 4.17. 8-29
.8-28. 9-08
Figure 328.4.4 ...............................
5-09
328.5 [327.4] ......................................
5.17
328.5.1 [327.4.1] ...................................
5.12
328.5.2 [327.4.2] ...................................
Fig. 328.5.2 [Fig. 327.4.21 . . . . . . ..1.28. 5.12, 6.02, 6.05. 8-27
328.5.4 [327.4.4]. .................. 1.59, 1.74, 2.10. 4.03.
323.3.4
323.3.5
323.4.2

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

4.14. 7.08, 8.13. 10-04


Fig. 328.5.4 [Fig. 327.4.41 ........l-59. 1.74, 4.03, 4.16. 7-08
2-18
328.6 .............................................
330 ..............................................
8-21
8-23
330.1 .............................................
9.05
Table 330.1.1 ......................................
331 ..............................................
8-12
8.08. 9-05
331.1.1 ......................................
Table 331.1.1
[Table 331.3.11 ............... .1.69, 2.2. 5.06. 8.24. 9-03
8-05
331.1.2 ...........................................
331.1.3 (331.3.61 .............. .1.39. 1.59. 4.06. 5.06, 9-03
331.1.4 [331.1.2] ...................................
5.08
331.1.6 [331.3.4]. ..................................
5.08
331.1.7 [331.3.2] .............................
.1.78. 8-22
331.2.2 [331.1.1] .............................
.1.39. 1-78
8.05
331.3.4 ...........................................
331.3.7 ...........................................
8-05
8-03
332.1 .............................................
332.2 [329.1] ......................
.1.23. 1.53, 4.02. 8-20
2-2
332.4 [329.3, 330.21 .................................
335.2 .............................................. 2-5
1.26
340.2 [336.1.2] ....................................
340.3 [336.3] ...............................
.l.lO. 10-03
1-31
340.4 [336.2] ......................................
10-16
341 .............................................
341.2 [336.1.1, 336.1.31 ....... .1.10. 1-26, 1.27. 2.28. 10-03
.1.64. 2-4
341.3.1 [336.5] ...............................
8-32
341.3.2 ...........................................
5.09
Fig. 341.3.2 [Fig. 327.4.11 ............................
Table 341.3.2A
[Table 327.4.1Al .......... 1.1. 1.9. 1.14. 1.41, 2.8, 5.04.
5-1 3, 5-1 6. 5-1 7. 5-18. 5.20, 6.04.
7.06. 8.32. 8.38. 9-04
Table 341.3.26 [Table 327.4.161 ................ .5.18. 6-04
341.3.4 [336.5, 336.5.41 ......... 1.62. 2.25. 2.32. 3.5. 3.14.
10.09. 10-12
....... .1.24, 1.45, 3.12. 5-20
341.4 [336.5] ............
341.4.1 [336.5.1]. ............. 1.10. 1.26, 1.27, 1.60. 2.12.
2.28. 3.7. 3.12. 4.12. 5.10.
8-02. 8.10. 8.26. 10.03. 10-17
8-38
341.4.2 ...........................................
8-10
341.4.3 ...........................................
8-38
341.5 .............................................
.1.5. 3-12
341.5.1 [336.6.1] ..............................
342.1 [336.4.1] ....................................
2.28
343 [336.4.1] ......................................
2-28
344[336.4] .......................................
5-09

b)

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Interpretation
NO.
-

Code Reference

344.2 [336.4.2] .........................


.2.28. 8.10. 8-26
344.5 [336.4.5] .........................
.1.10. 1.60. 2-12
1.60
344.6 [336.4.6] ....................................
344.6.2 ..........................................
10-17
2.28. 3-14
344.7 [336.4.7] ..............................
345 [337]
................ .1.2. 1.72. 2.31. 3.3. 8-31
345.1 [337.1] . ............... .1.4. 1.30. 4.04. 6.08. 8-15
345.2.2 ....... ................................... 8-31
345.2.4 [337.4.3 ...................................
1-35
1.2. 5-22
345.2.6 [337.1] ...............................
.......................... 2.6. 3.10. 5-02
345.3 [337.3]
345.4 ......... ...................................
8-04
345.4.2 [337.4.1] ......... .1.35, 1.61. 1.63, 2.23. 4.04. 9-09
345.4.3 [337.4.2] ...................................
1.63
345.5 [337.4.4] .........................
.1.35. 1.43. 6-08
345.7 [337.5.2] ....................................
1.36
.1.25. 3-10
345.8 [337.6] ................................
345.9 [337.5.1] .............. .4.09. 5.07. 6.08, 8.15, 10-15
A304 .............................................
8-14
1-67
A304.5.1 ..........................................
8-33
A314 .............................................
A323.4.2 .........................................
10-06
7-09
A327.2.4 ..........................................
10-8
A328.2(a) .........................................
A328.2.1 ..........................................
8-14
8.14. 10-08
A328.5 .....................................
7-07
K315 .............................................
7-07
K322.3 ...........................................
Fig. K328.5.4 ......................................
8.37
M307.2 ........................................... 8-35
.2.13, 3-6
M322.3 ......................................
3.7
M323.1.3 ..........................................
M326 ............................................
2-13
3.6
M335.4 [M335.5, M335.61 ............................
.1.24. 1-45
M341.4 [M336.5] ............................
M341.4.1 [M336.5.1] ..........................
.2.28. 3-7
6-08
M345.1 ...........................................
9-02
MA306.5 ..........................................
MA323.4 .......................................... 9-02
8-35
MA323.4.2 ........................................
Appendix A Notes
2.20
(No equivalent) ((14)] ..............................
4.18
Note (17) .......................................
1.77
Note (20) [(30)] ..................................
Note (57) [(2)] ...................................
1.58
Appendix A
Table A-1 [Table 11
1.13, 1.18. 1.29. 1.38. 1.48,
1.77. 2.1, 3.8. 3.9. 3.13. 4.12.
4-1 3. 6.01, 6.06. 7.03. 8-1 1.
8.18. 8.25. 8.34. 8-36
Table A-1 B [Table 11 .............. .1.78, 2.20. 4-18. 7-03
1.6. 1.7. 1.34, 1.46, 1.55.
Appendix D ....................
1.56. 1.71. 2.7. 2.24. 4.16.
5-01. 5-1 5. 6-06
. l-44, 5-1O
Appendix E [Appendix KI ......................
Appendix F [F323.2] ................................
1.29
Appendix G .......................................
5.12
8.06
Appendix H .......................................
. l -28, 1.54. 1.75. 5-04
Appendix J ........................
Appendix M .................................
.6.01. 8-09
Case 137 ...........................................
3-1
1-51
Case 141 ..........................................

.....

..

..........

Cumulative Index .
831.3 InterpretationsVols . 1-10

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ASME B3L-3 90

0 7 5 9 b 7 0 OS25271 884

SUBJECT INDEX
Interpretation

Interpretation
No.
-

Subiect

Acceptance Criteria
pressure tests ......................................
. l-2
weld ......................
1.1, 1.9. 1.14. 1.41. 2.8, 5.09.
5.13. 5.17. 5.18. 5.20. 6-04. 7.06. 8-32
Allowable Stresses .................................
4.12
.1.18. 3.13. 8.11. 8.25. 10-13
bases for ....................
1.29
for ASTM A 3 12 ....................................
8.25
for ASTM A 387 ....................................
for ASTM A 570 ....................................
1.38
1-13
for ASTM A 587 ....................................
1-48
for ASTM A 671 ....................................
8.11
for ASTM B 464 ....................................
for austenitic stainless steels ...........................
3.13

--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Alternative Tests
for Category D fluid service .........................
requirements .......................................
sensitive leak test ..................................
Authorized Inspector
Bending

. l-36
8.15
. l-25

................ see Owner's Inspector

....................................

.4.02.

8-03

Bends
corrugated .........................................
1-23
see Miter Bends
miter ...................................
reduction of outside diameter .........................
8.20
Bonding Qualification Test
hot gas welded .....................................
8.14
.7.09, 8-14
minimum burst pressure ........................
procedure specifications for plastic piping ............. .i
0.08
solvent cement .....................................
8-14
Bonds
heat fusion ........................................
hot gas welded .....................................
test assembly ......................................
Bolting Materials

8.14
8.14
7.09

..................................

Branch Connections
extruded outlets .........................
. l-37, 2.27.
flexibility analysis ...................................
integrally reinforced fitting ............................
.8.28.
projection into run pipe ........................
reinforcement ................................
.8.06,
2.1 O. 4.03. 4-14. 7.02, 7.08.
weld requirements

........

No.
-

Subject

4.15

6-09
9.01
4.05
9-03
8-37
10-04

Brazed Joints
for flammable service

Buckles .....................................
Cast Irons
specific requirements

1-17

.l-23. 1-53

...............................

10.01

Category D Fluid Service


alternative pressure test for ..........................
. l -36
limitations ...................................
.4.13. 5-03
8.38
radiographic examination .............................
Category M Fluid Service
clarification of term ...........................
. l-73, 9-02
8.35
double contained piping. .............................
6.08
leak test ...........................................
8.09
liquid oxygen ......................................
requirements .................................
.8.35. 9-02
2.13
tubing size limitations ................................
. l-40
"very small quantity" ...............................
Code Coverage
B31.3 versus B31.4 ...........................
.l-47,
general hydrocarbon service ..........................
in-line sensing devices ...............................
new and replacement piping ..........................
offshore platform ...................................
oil heating system ...................................
synfuel plant piping ...........................
.1.52,
tobacco plant piping ..................................

7-10
6-01
8-01
5.22
8.17
4.19
2-26
3.1

Components (see also fittings. flanges. standard components.


and valves)
.1.26. 3.7. 5-10
certification ..............................
design conditions ....................................
2.3
flexibility characteristic ............... . l-55, 1.56. 2.24. 5-01
8.01
in-line sensing devices ...............................
.1.44. 5-10
referenced standards ..........................
Compressors
internal piping

......................................

. 1-8

Corrugated Bends ..................................

1-23

Cyclic loading

....................................

Cumulative index .
631.3 Interpretations Vols. 1.
1O

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................................

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5.12

Interpretation

Interpretation

No .
-

Design (see also Pressure


Design)
conditions ..........................................
2.3
1.57
lame theory .......................................
minium temperature ................................
10.02

..........................

.2.14. 2-24

Earthquake ..................................

see Seismic

Displacement Stress

Empty System
transportation ......................................

Expansion joints

....................................

. l-8
1.1 9
.1 0-5

..............................

Fillet Weld
internal. slipon flange ...............................
pressure containing ..................................
size ..............................................
use ...............................................

5.01

8.27
8.13
1-74
10.4

Fittings
B16.9 ........................................
1.7. 5-01
conforming to two grades ............................
8.18
flared. flareless. or
3.6
compression types .................................
MSS SP-75 ........................................
1-11
Flammable Service

.................................

Flanges
assembly ............................................
.1.67, 3.4,
design ...................................
general ...........................................
long welding neck ..................................
.5.12,
slip-on ......................................
use of aluminum ....................................
use of raised and flat face metallic .....................

(d)

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No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

9.01
1.33

Flexibility Characteristic
effect of branch to run
. l-56
diameters .......................................
for a tee ...............................
.1.55. 1.56. 5-01
for components not listed
.1.55. 2-24
in Appendix D .............................
Flexibility Factors
basis for .........................................
. l -56
for 816.9 tees ......................................
.1-.7
for fabricated intersections .................. .1.6, 4.16, 5-15
1.6
for welded elbows ...................................

1.17

25
.
9-7
9.10
4.05
8-27
1.51
9.07

Fluid Service
general hydrocarbon ................................
6.01
responsibility for
.4.08. 8-09
categorizing ................................
Graphitization
temperature relative to
onset ...........................................

1-58

Hardness
limitations on .......................................
records ...........................................

2.2
8.22

1.16

Extruded Outlet
pressure design of .............................
. l -21. 1-70
1.55
tees considered as ..................................
Extruded Welded Tee

Flexibility Analysis
branch connections .................................
exemptions from ....................................

9.06

Examination
extent of ....................................
.1.24. 5-18
in process ......................................... 3.14
progressive ....................
.see Progressive Examination
radiographic ..................see Radiographic Examination
1.27. 1.45, 1.62, 2.12.
random ...........................
2.32. 4-12
.1.24. 1.60. 6-04
required ................................
severe cyclic conditions .............................
10.1 7
1.62
Spot ..............................................
.2.28, 8-1O. 10-03
visual .................................
10.1 7
ultrasonic ........................................
Exclusions
for compressors and internal piping ....................
for interconnecting piping ............................
listed in scope .....................................

No.
-

Subiect

Heat Treatment
cooling rate .......................................
. l-69
for austenitic stainless steel ...........................
1.65
for bending and forming ..............................
22
.
8.12
for valve parts ......................................
governing thickness ..................1.39, 1.59, 4.06, 5-06
heating rate .......................................
. l-69
local .......................................
.5.08, 8-05
.5.08, 8-05
monitoring ...................................
requirements ..............8.08, 8.21, 8.23, 8.24, 9.03, 9-05
SP-1 through SP-5 .................................. 8.24
when radiography is
required ....................................
.1.64, 2-4
Hydrostatic Tests

.........................

.see Leak Tests

Impact Tesis
absorbed energy data .................................
2.9
alternative methods .................................
8-30
base meta! ......................................... 4.01
exclusions from .........................
. l-76, 5-14, 8-30
5.19
heat treatment required ..............................
-8-29
in qualifying procedures .............................
of aluminum filler metals .............................
2.19
of austenitic stainless steel ...........................
. l-65
of bolting materials ..................................
4.15
of the heat affected zone .......................
.1.76, 5-21
.1.12. 1.65. 1.76, 5-21
of weldments ......................
temperature limitation .........................
.5.14. 8-30
Cumulative index

.
631.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-10

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Subject

0757b70 OC25273 b 5 7

ASME B 3 L - 3 70

Interpretation

Interpretation

No .
-

Subiect

Imperfections (see also Acceptance Criteria)


concave root surface ...........................
.1.1.
determination of ....................................
lack of fusion ......................................
porosity ............................
.1.9, 5.13. 5.16.
slag inclusion ......................................
tungsten inclusions .............................
.1.9.
undercutting .............................
. l-1 4. 2.8.
Installed Piping

...................................

Instrument Piping ............................


Internal Piping, Equipment

6-04
8.32
5.09
5-20
5.20
5-1 7
6-04
. l-30

.7.07, 8-01

...........................

1-8

Joint Factors
for ASTM A 234.
ASTM A 31 2. ASTM A 403 ..........................
2.20
for branch connections ..............................
8.06
for circumferential welds ............................
. l-42
for longitudinal and spiral
.1.78, 3-1 1, 8-06
welds ................................

Joints
circumferential bands ................................
exposed during test ............................
.2.6.
instrument tubing ...................................
special ............................................

5.11
3-10
7.07
8.13

Lateral Fittings ......................................

1.6

Limitations
on imperfections .........................
see Imperfections
2-2
on hardness ........................................
on tubing size .................................
.2.13, 3-6
Low Temperature
Requirements .........................

see Impact Tests

Materials
API 5L ..............................

1.78. 2.4. 3.9. 3.11.


6.01. 6-06
API5LX ............................................
2-4
ASTM A 234 ......................................
2-20
ASTM A 312 ...........................
.l-29, 1-77, 2-20
ASTM A 403 ................................
.l-77, 2-20
ASTM A 487 ......................................
8-07
................................ 2-1
............................... 1-38
ASTM A 587 ......................................
1-13
ASTM A 633 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-11
................................. 3-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-48
ASTM B 241 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-19
ASTM B 337 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4-18
certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . ..5-10, 8-02
conforming to two grades . . . .
. . . . . . . . .8-18, 8-34
notch sensitive ............................
reidentification . . . . . . .
...........................
toughness requirements ..............................

Miter Bends
pressure design of

.............................

8-19
5-19

. l-22, 5-11

Leak Tests
acceptance criteria .............................
alternative . . . . . . .

Near Straight Sawtooth


Runs
explanation of .....................................

for Category D fluid service . .


for system designed for
o psi ...........................................
isolation of test pump.. .....

Nomenclature
d ................................................
T ................................................
t-, ................................................
T, .......................................... 5-04,

2-31

. . . . . . . .1.72

of piping connecting
. . . . . . . . . . . 3.3
equipment ...
of replacement pi
. . . . . . . . . .5.22
painting before test ........................
.2.6, 3.10, 5-23
personnel qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
preparation for .....................
reduced pressure
(hydrostatic test) ............................
. l -61, 2-23
..................
sensitive . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . ..1.35, 1-43
temperature correction for .

No.
-

Subject

Lethal Substance

..............................

Cumulative index

. . . . .1.73

1-54
1-28
1-75
5-16

Nonmetallic Piping
8.35
in Category M Fluid Service ..........................
.7.09. 8-14
joint requirements .............................
Notch Sensitive
materials ..........................................
Occasional Variations
(pressure/temperature allowances)
loads .............................

.1.50. 2.15. 2.16. 2-17

. l -26, 2.30. 5-22

Owners Inspector
qualifications of ...................................
responsibilities of ..................................

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2-22

. . . . . . . . l-3, 2-14. 4-1 1

Owner
responsibilities ...........................

.
B31.3 Interpretations Vols . 1-10

Copyright ASME International


Provided by IHS under license with ASME
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS

. l-33

. 1-3 1
. l-26

Pipe
elbowless .........................................
8.03
in corroded condition
..i5
made from plate ..............................
. l-48, 8-36
of noncircular cross section ............................
3.2
pressure testing .....................................
9.09
spiral welded ......................................
7.03
straight, under internal pressure .......................
0-20

..............................

Pipe supports
configurations ......................................
longitudinal stress effects .............................
use of plastic .......................................

6.07
7.05
1.49

PIastic
lined pipe .
use of screwed flanges ...................8.33
pipe supports ......................................
1.49
Pneumatic Tests

..........................

Positions
qualification of welding

.see Leak Tests

.............................

Postweld Heat Treatment

..............

Preheat ..............................

, l -66

see Heat Treatment

1.70, 2-11
8.04

..........................................

Pressure Rating
valve .............................................
variations ..........................................

8.04
4.11

Pressure Relief Devices


acceptable devices ............................
.2.21, 2-29
setting ......................................
.1.32, 7-01
stop values ......................................
.10.1 o
Pressure Surges
loads due to .......................................

1.50

Pressure-Temperature Rating .................. .5.0 5, 8-34


Pressure Test

..............................

Progressive Examination
--``,``,,`,,``,,`,`,,,,,,,``,,`-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---

Published Specification
(f)

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............. 1.5.

100% ............................................ 5-09


as supplementary examination .........................
8-38
random radiography ................. 1-27,1-45,1-62,2-12,
2-32,3-12
records ...........................................
1-10
requirements .......................................
6-04

selection of welds for

...................................

spot radiography ..............................


when PWHT is required ........................

2-25
.l-62,3-12
.l-64,2-4

Records
certification .............................
5-1O, 8-02,10-03
of hardness tests ....................................
8-22
for radiographic examination ..........................
1-10
retention of ........................................
1-10

Reinforcement, Branch
attachment weld ..............................
.4-03,7-08
clarification of terms .................................
1-37
limits of .....................................
.2-27,9-04
Repairs
to welds

..........................................

2-18

see Heat Treatment

Pressure Design
for elevated temperatures .............................
3.4
in the high pressure range ...........................
. l-68
of extruded headers ............................
1.2 1. 1-70
of flanges and blanks ..............................
.10.14
of miter bends .....................................
1.2 1
Of Pipe ............................
1.42, 1.54, 1.57, 1.68,
of valves

Radiographic Examination

.see Leak Test

1.62. 3.5. 10.09.


10.10. 10-12

.............................

1. 5

Responsibility
designer .........................................
rights of owner's inspection ..........................
Safeguarding
Scope

......................................

...............................

Seismic Loads
stresses due to

.10-11
10-03
5-12

.see Code Coverage

.....................................
.....................................

4-07
2-17

Severe Cyclic Conditions


cyclic loading ......................................
large rapid temperature change ........................
spiral welded pipe ..................................
Simplified Flexibility Analysis

5-12
8-09

7-03

.......................

. l-33

Standard Components
manufacturers markings .........................
.3-7,8-02
valves .................................
.5-05,8-04,8-07
Standards
compliance
superseded

........................................
........................................

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5-10

1-44

Stresses (see also


Allowable Stresses)
displacement stress range .............................
7-04
due to cold spring ..................................
8-16
due to occasional loads ..............................
2-16
due to pressure surges ...............................
1-50
due to seismic loads .................................
2-17
due to thermal gradients ..............................
3-4
longitudinal ................... 1-20,1-50,2-15, 2-24,4-1O,
4-12,6-03R(Vol. 7), 6-07,7-05,8-16
Cumulative Index

Vols 1-10

ASME 831.3 90 W 07596713 0 5 2 5 2 9 5 q2T

interpretation

Interpretation

No.
-

Subject

Stress Intensification Factors


application of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. l-34, 2-24, 6-03R (Vol. 7)
basis for .........................................
.1-56
branch connections .................................
.2-7
for B16.9 tees.. ....................................
.l-7
for fabricated intersections ........................
1-6, 5-15
for tees ...........................
.l-46, 1-55, 1-71, 5-01
for welded elbows ..................................
.l-6
Temperature
design minimum temperature .......................
.O-O2
large changes .....................................
.8-O9
limitations ...................................
.4-13, 5-14
reduction .........................................
.4-11

Thermoplastic piping
solvent cemented joints .............................
specific requirements ..............................

Unlisted
components

.lo-8
.lo-O6

Visual Examination
internal .....................................
.8-10, 8-26
requirements ......................................
.2-28

Washers, Use of

...................................

for branch connections

reinforcement

......................

see Materials

a
Interpretations Vols. 1- 1O

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1-66

... .6-02, 6-05, 10-19

Welding Procedure
qualification of . . . . . . .1-1 2, 1-65, 1-66, 1-76, 4-1 7, 8-23, 8-29
specification .................................
.8-21, 8-22

- 83 1.3

.lo-1 5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . ..2-10, 4-03, 4-14, 8-37


. . . . . . . . . . see Acceptance Criteria
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..2-20, 3-1 1, 4-18

..........................
..................

Cumulative index

..............................

.2-5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .l-74, 10-19

socket

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6, 1-51, 3-6, 4-05, 5-05, 8-7,

...................................

.8-35
.8-O7
.8-O4
.5-O5

.1-20

10-18, 10-11, 10-07

materials

Valves
Category M Fluid Service. ...........................
materials .........................................
pressure build up ..................................
ratings ...........................................

Weld
examination of welds

Tubing
joints .............................................
7-07
limitations ....................................
.2-13. 3-6
Thickness Allowances
in stress calculations ................................

No.

Subject

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ASME B 3 L - 3 90

= 0759670 008YB93 B

ASME B31.3

INTERPRETATIONS NO. 9
Replies to Technical Inquiries
June i, 1990, Through March 31, i 991

General Information
It has been agreed to publish interpretations issued by the 831 Committee concerning 831.3
as part of the update service.to the Code. The interpretations have been assigned numbers in
chronological order. Each interpretation applies to the Edition or Addenda stated in the interpretation,
or if none is stated, to the Edition or Addenda in effect on the date of issuance of the interpretation.
Subsequent revisions to the Code may have superseded the reply. These interpretations are not
part of the Code or its Addenda.
These replies are taken verbatim from the original letters, except for a few typographical and
editorial corrections made for the purpose of improved clarity. In some instances, a review of the
interpretation revealed a need for corrections of a technical nature. In these cases, a revised reply
bearing the original interpretation number with the suffix R is presented.
MME procedures provide for reconsideration of these interpretations when or if additional
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Code Reference and Subject Indexes have been prepared to assi; the user in locating
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99
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I ASME

831.3 90 H O759670 0084894 T H I

B31.3
Subject
Fig 328.4.4; Branch Pipe Projection into Run Pipe
Paras 300.1 and 300.2; Applicability to the Transportation of an EmptiedSystem
Pam 300.1.1, 300.2, MA306.5, and MA323.4; Applicability to a Textile Plant, and
Category M Fluid Service
Pam 304.5; Pressure Design of Flangesand Blanks
and Para. 312; FlangeJointSysem
Para. 304.5.1 (b); Flange-General
Para. 331 1 1 and Table 330.1 1. Heat Treatment Requirementsfor Attadment of
Bellows ExpansionJointsto Piping
Para 331.1.3 and Table 331 1 1. Heat Treatment Requirements
of 5% Cr Socket Weid
Pam 345.41; Test Pressure. Metallic Piping
Table 319.3.6 and Appendix D; Flm*bilityAnalysis for Branch Connecons
Table 3 4 1 . 3 a Reinforcementand Intemat ProtrusionLimits

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File No

8-28R
9-06

831-90-008*
631-90-030

9-02

631-90-026

9-07
9-09

631-90-034
831-90-033

9-05

631-90-029

9-03
9-08
9-01
9-04

831-90-027
631-90-031
631-90-25A
831-90-028

I o1

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Interpretation

Licensee=Larsen and toubro/5954522010


Not for Resale, 07/18/2010 07:01:08 MDT

1 ASME

B3l1.3 90

= O759670

0084895 I

831.3 Interpretations No. 9

8-28R,941

Interpretation: 8-2813
Subject:

ASMUANSI 831.3-1 987 Edition With Addenda Through 831.3~-I989, Fig. 328.4.4;
Branch Pipe Projedon Into Run Pipe

Date Issued:

December 7,1990

File:

831-90-008*